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1.
RSC Adv ; 12(16): 9501-9511, 2022 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35424942

RESUMO

Oxidation processes of metallic interconnects are crucial to the operation of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), and ferritic Fe-Cr alloy is one of the most important metallic interconnect materials. Based on the ReaxFF reactive potential, the interaction of O2 molecules with three types of surfaces (100, 110, 111) of ferritic Fe-Cr alloy has been studied by classical molecular dynamics at constant O2 concentrations and temperatures. The initial oxidation process is systematically studied according to the analysis of O2 absorption rate, charge variations, charge distributions, mean squared distributions, and oxidation rate. The results reveal that it is easier and faster for the Cr atoms to lose electrons than for the Fe atoms during the oxidation process. The obtained oxidation rate of Cr atoms is larger and the formation of Cr2O3 takes precedence over that of FeO. And the thickness of oxidation layers of different surfaces could be determined quantitatively. We also find that the high O2 concentration accelerates the oxidation process and obviously increases the thickness of oxidation layers, while the temperature has a weaker effect on the oxidation process than the O2 concentration. Moreover, the (110) surface presents the best oxidation resistance compared to the other two surfaces. And the (110) surface is efficient in preventing Fe atoms from being oxidized. Here we explore the initial oxidation process of Fe-Cr alloy and the corresponding results could provide theoretical guides to the related experiments and applications as metallic interconnects.

2.
Nano Lett ; 22(6): 2270-2276, 2022 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35225620

RESUMO

Understanding the Coulomb interactions between two-dimensional (2D) materials and adjacent ions/impurities is essential to realizing 2D material-based hybrid devices. Electrostatic gating via ionic liquids (ILs) has been employed to study the properties of 2D materials. However, the intrinsic interactions between 2D materials and ILs are rarely addressed. This work studies the intersystem Coulomb interactions in IL-functionalized InSe field-effect transistors by displacement current measurements. We uncover a strong self-gating effect that yields a 50-fold enhancement in interfacial capacitance, reaching 550 nF/cm2 in the maximum. Moreover, we reveal the IL-phase-dependent transport characteristics, including the channel current, carrier mobility, and density, substantiating the self-gating at the InSe/IL interface. The dominance of self-gating in the rubber phase is attributed to the correlation between the intra- and intersystem Coulomb interactions, further confirmed by Raman spectroscopy. This study provides insights into the capacitive coupling at the InSe/IL interface, paving the way to developing liquid/2D material hybrid devices.

3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(3): 701-712, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35178953

RESUMO

The effects of Jingui Shenqi Pills(Jingui) and Liuwei Dihuang Pills(Liuwei) which respectively tonify kidney Yang and kidney Yin on brain function have attracted great attention, while the differences of protein expression regulated by Jingui and Liuwei remain to be studied. This study explored the difference of protein expression profiles in the hippocampi of mice orally administrated with the two drugs for 7 days. The protein expression was quantified using LC-MS/MS. The results showed that among the 5 860 proteins tested, 151, 282 and 75 proteins responded to Jingui alone, Liuwei alone, and both drugs, respectively. The ratio of up-regulated proteins to down-regulated proteins was 1.627 in Jingui group while only 0.56 in Liuwei group. The proteins up-regulated by Jingui were mainly involved in membrane transport, synaptic vesicle cycle, serotonergic synapse, dopaminergic synapse and so on, suggesting that Jingui may play a role in promoting the transport of neurotransmitter in the nervous system. The proteins down-regulated by Liuwei were mainly involved in membrane transport, synapse, ion transport(potassium and sodium transport), neurotransmitter transport, innate and acquired immune responses, complement activation, inflammatory response, etc. In particular, Liuwei showed obvious down-regulation effect on the members of solute carrier(SLC) superfamily, which suggested that Liuwei had potential inhibitory effect on membrane excitation and transport. Finally, consistent results were obtained in the normal mouse and the mouse model with corticosterone-induced depressive-like behavior. This study provides an experimental basis for understanding the effect of Jingui and Liuwei on brain function from protein network.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteoma/metabolismo , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Camundongos , Proteômica , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
4.
Chemotherapy ; 67(2): 110-122, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35042223

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Changes in microRNAs (miRs) contribute to the alternative chemo-resistance of cancers. Bortezomib (BTZ) is a well-characterized anticancer agent that inhibits proteasome, and its effect is associated with the function of miRs. Based on the data of microarray assay and comprehensive bioinformatics analyses, in the current study, we explored the role of miR-466 and its downstream effector CCND1 in the BTZ-resistance of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. METHODS: miR expression profiles in NSCLC tissues and paratumor tissues were determined with microarray assay. The potential miR involved in the chemo-resistance of NSCLC cells was explored via a series of bioinformatics analyses, and miR-466 was selected. Afterward, levels of miR-466 and CCND1 were investigated in NSCLC samples and analyzed by clinicopathologic parameters, including age, sex, stage of NSCLC, tumor size, tumor differentiation status, and lymphocytic infiltration status. The expression of CCND1 and miR-466 was then modulated in vitro to explore the influence on cell phenotypes, which was then verified with mouse models. RESULTS: Based on microarray detection, 287 miRs were dysexpressed between NSCLC tissues and paratumor tissues, including 90 upregulated members and 197 downregulated members. After bioinformatics analyses and reverse transcription quantitative PCR validation, miR-466 and CCND1 were selected. Following clinical investigations, miR-466 was downregulated, while CCND1 was upregulated in NSCLC samples, contributing to the advanced cancer progression. The overexpression of CCND1 increased cell viability, suppressed cell apoptosis, decreased p21 and induced N-cadherin, CCND2, and CDK4 under BTZ treatment. The induced expression of miR-466 re-sensitized NSCLC cells to BTZ treatment. In the animal model, the overexpression of CCND1 impaired the inhibitory effect of BTZ on the growth and metastasis of solid tumor, which was restored by miR-466 induction. CONCLUSION: The findings showed that the interaction between BTZ, miR-466, and CCND1 determined the antitumor effect of BTZ on NSCLC.

5.
J Anal Methods Chem ; 2022: 2363242, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35028165

RESUMO

Alismatis Rhizoma decoction (ARD), comprised of Alisma plantago-aquatica subsp. orientale (Sam.) Sam and Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz. at a ratio of 5 : 2, is a classic traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula with successful clinical hypolipidemic effect. This paper aimed to explore the major bioactive compounds and potential mechanism of ARD in the treatment of hyperlipidemia on the basis of spectrum-effect analysis and molecular docking. Nine ARD samples with varying ratios of the constituent herbs were prepared and analyzed by UPLC-Q-TOF/MS to obtain the chemical spectra. Then, the lipid-lowering ability of the nine samples was tested in an oleic acid-induced lipid accumulation model in human hepatoma cells (HepG2). Grey relational analysis and partial least squares regression analysis were then performed to determine the correlation between the chemical spectrums and lipid-lowering efficacies of ARD. The potential mechanisms of the effective compounds were investigated by docking with the farnesoid X receptor (FXR) protein. The results indicated that alisol B 23-acetate, alisol C 23-acetate, and alisol B appeared to be the core effective components on hyperlipidemia in ARD. Molecular docking further demonstrated that all three compounds could bind to FXR and were potential FXR agonists for the treatment of hyperlipidemia. This study elucidated the effective components and potential molecular mechanism of action of ARD for treating hyperlipidemia from a perspective of different compatibility, providing a new and feasible reference for the research of TCM formulas such as ARD.

6.
Nat Mater ; 21(2): 165-172, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737454

RESUMO

Despite the importance of glass forming ability as a major alloy characteristic, it is poorly understood and its quantification has been experimentally laborious and computationally challenging. Here, we uncover that the glass forming ability of an alloy is represented in its amorphous structure far away from equilibrium, which can be exposed by conventional X-ray diffraction. Specifically, we fabricated roughly 5,700 alloys from 12 alloy systems and characterized the full-width at half-maximum, Δq, of the first diffraction peak in the X-ray diffraction pattern. A strong correlation between high glass forming ability and a large Δq was found. This correlation indicates that a large dispersion of structural units comprising the amorphous structure is the universal indicator for high metallic glass formation. When paired with combinatorial synthesis, the correlation enhances throughput by up to 100 times compared to today's state-of-the-art combinatorial methods and will facilitate the discovery of bulk metallic glasses.


Assuntos
Ligas , Vidro , Ligas/química , Vidro/química , Difração de Raios X
7.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5755, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599172

RESUMO

Strain glass is a glassy state with frozen ferroelastic/martensitic nanodomains in shape memory alloys, yet its nature remains unclear. Here, we report a glassy feature in strain glass that was thought to be only present in structural glasses. An abnormal hump is observed in strain glass around 10 K upon normalizing the specific heat by cubed temperature, similar to the boson peak in metallic glass. The simulation studies show that this boson-peak-like anomaly is caused by the phonon softening of the non-transforming matrix surrounding martensitic domains, which occurs in a transverse acoustic branch not associated with the martensitic transformation displacements. Therefore, this anomaly neither is a relic of van Hove singularity nor can be explained by other theories relying on structural disorder, while it verifies a recent theoretical model without any assumptions of disorder. This work might provide fresh insights in understanding the nature of glassy states and associated vibrational properties.

8.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(42): 17517-17525, 2021 10 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647722

RESUMO

Controlling oxygen deficiencies is essential for the development of novel chemical and physical properties such as high-Tc superconductivity and low-dimensional magnetic phenomena. Among reduction methods, topochemical reactions using metal hydrides (e.g., CaH2) are known as the most powerful method to obtain highly reduced oxides including Nd0.8Sr0.2NiO2 superconductor, though there are some limitations such as competition with oxyhydrides. Here we demonstrate that electrochemical protonation combined with thermal dehydration can yield highly reduced oxides: SrCoO2.5 thin films are converted to SrCoO2 by dehydration of HSrCoO2.5 at 350 °C. SrCoO2 forms square (or four-legged) spin tubes composed of tetrahedra, in contrast to the conventional infinite-layer structure. Detailed analyses suggest the importance of the destabilization of the SrCoO2.5 precursor by electrochemical protonation that can greatly alter reaction energy landscape and its gradual dehydration (H1-xSrCoO2.5-x/2) for the SrCoO2 formation. Given the applicability of electrochemical protonation to a variety of transition metal oxides, this simple process widens possibilities to explore novel functional oxides.

9.
Ear Nose Throat J ; : 1455613211036770, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490795

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Accidental pharyngeal fishbone ingestion is a common complaint in ear, nose, and throat clinics. Approximately two-thirds of the accidentally ingested fishbones can be removed using tongue depressors and indirect laryngoscopy. However, the remaining third is challenging to identify and remove using these methods. These difficult fishbones require identification and removal via more advanced approaches. Video-guided laryngoscope is used to deal with difficult fishbones in our center. This study aimed to explore the risk factors for difficult fishbones. METHODS: A prospective study was performed at a teaching hospital on 2080 patients. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the risk factors. RESULTS: The common fishbone locations were the tonsils (39.8%; defined as STEP-I), tongue base (37.1%), vallecula (13.3%; STEP-II), and hypopharynx (9.8%; STEP-III). With increasing STEP level, the ratio of difficult fishbones correspondingly increased (Z = 13.919, P < .001), and the proportions were 21.1%, 41.9%, and 70% in STEP-I, II, and III, respectively. In particular, fishbones in STEP-III (vs STEP-I) had a higher risk of difficult fishbones (odds ratio [OR]: 11.573, 95% CI: 7.987-16.769). Complaints of neck pain (yes vs no), foreign body sensation (yes vs no), and shorter length of fishbones always had a lower risk of difficult fishbones (OR: 0.455, 95% CI: 0.367-0.564; OR: 0.284, 95% CI: 0.191-0.422; OR: 0.727, 95% CI: 0.622-0.85). Missing teeth (yes vs no), swallowing behavior after fishbone ingestion (yes vs no), and male patients (vs female) had a higher risk of difficult fishbones (OR: 1.9, 95% CI: 1.47-2.456; OR: 1.631, 95% CI: 1.293-2.059; OR: 1.278, 95% CI: 1.047-1.56). CONCLUSIONS: Neck pain, foreign body sensation, fishbone length, patient age and sex, tooth status, and swallowing behavior after fishbone ingestion are independent risk factors for difficult fishbones.

10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(33): 40098-40105, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375527

RESUMO

By decreasing the rate of physical vapor deposition, ZrCuAl metallic glasses with improved stability and mechanical performances can be formed, while the microscopic structural mechanisms remain unclear. Here, with scanning transmission electron microscopy and high-energy synchrotron X-ray diffraction, we found that the metallic glass deposited at a higher rate exhibits a heterogeneous structure with compositional fluctuations at a distance of a few nanometers, which gradually disappear on decreasing the deposition rate; eventually, a homogeneous structure is developed approaching ultrastability. This microscopic structural evolution suggests the existence of the following two dynamical processes during ultrastable metallic glass formation: a faster diffusion process driven by the kinetic energy of the depositing atoms, which results in nanoscale compositional fluctuations, and a slower collective relaxation process that eliminates the compositional and structural heterogeneity, equilibrates the deposited atoms, and strengthens the local atomic connectivity.

11.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 33(35)2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34139679

RESUMO

Exploiting two-dimensional (2D) materials with natural band gaps and anisotropic quasi-one-dimensional (quasi-1D) carrier transport character is essential in high-performance nanoscale transistors and photodetectors. Herein, the stabilities, electronic structures and carrier mobilities of 2D monolayer ternary metal iodides MLaI5(M = Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba) have been explored by utilizing first-principles calculations combined with numerical calculations. It is found that exfoliating MLaI5monolayers are feasible owing to low cleavage energy of 0.19-0.21 J m-2and MLaI5monolayers are thermodynamically stable based on phonon spectra. MLaI5monolayers are semiconductors with band gaps ranging from 2.08 eV for MgLaI5to 2.51 eV for BaLaI5. The carrier mobility is reasonably examined considering both acoustic deformation potential scattering and polar optical phonon scattering mechanisms. All MLaI5monolayers demonstrate superior anisotropic and quasi-1D carrier transport character due to the striped structures. In particular, the anisotropic ratios of electron and hole mobilities along different directions reach hundreds and tens for MLaI5monolayers, respectively. Thus, the effective electron-hole spatial separation could be actually achieved. Moreover, the absolute locations of band edges of MLaI5monolayers have been aligned. These results would provide fundamental insights for MLaI5monolayers applying in nano-electronic and optoelectronic devices.

12.
Sci Adv ; 7(14)2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789905

RESUMO

Crack propagation is the major vehicle for material failure, but the mechanisms by which cracks propagate remain longstanding riddles, especially for glassy materials with a long-range disordered atomic structure. Recently, cavitation was proposed as an underlying mechanism governing the fracture of glasses, but experimental determination of the cavitation behavior of fracture is still lacking. Here, we present unambiguous experimental evidence to firmly establish the cavitation mechanism in the fracture of glasses. We show that crack propagation in various glasses is dominated by the self-organized nucleation, growth, and coalescence of nanocavities, eventually resulting in the nanopatterns on the fracture surfaces. The revealed cavitation-induced nanostructured fracture morphologies thus confirm the presence of nanoscale ductility in the fracture of nominally brittle glasses, which has been debated for decades. Our observations would aid a fundamental understanding of the failure of disordered systems and have implications for designing tougher glasses with excellent ductility.

13.
J Thromb Haemost ; 19(4): 1038-1048, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33534149

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High incidence of asymptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) has been observed in severe COVID-19 patients, but the characteristics of symptomatic VTE in general COVID-19 patients have not been described. OBJECTIVES: To comprehensively explore the prevalence and reliable risk prediction for VTE in COVID-19 patients. METHODS/RESULTS: This retrospective study enrolled all COVID-19 patients with a subsequent VTE in 16 centers in China from January 1 to March 31, 2020. A total of 2779 patients were confirmed with COVID-19. In comparison to 23,434 non-COVID-19 medical inpatients, the odds ratios (ORs) for developing symptomatic VTE in severe and non-severe hospitalized COVID-19 patients were 5.94 (95% confidence interval [CI] 3.91-10.09) and 2.79 (95% CI 1.43-5.60), respectively. When 104 VTE cases and 208 non-VTE cases were compared, pulmonary embolism cases had a higher rate for in-hospital death (OR 6.74, 95% CI 2.18-20.81). VTE developed at a median of 21 days (interquartile range 13.25-31) since onset. Independent factors for VTE were advancing age, cancer, longer interval from symptom onset to admission, lower fibrinogen and higher D-dimer on admission, and D-dimer increment (DI) ≥1.5-fold; of these, DI ≥1.5-fold had the most significant association (OR 14.18, 95% CI 6.25-32.18, p = 2.23 × 10-10 ). A novel model consisting of three simple coagulation variables (fibrinogen and D-dimer levels on admission, and DI ≥1.5-fold) showed good prediction for symptomatic VTE (area under the curve 0.865, 95% CI 0.822-0.907, sensitivity 0.930, specificity 0.710). CONCLUSIONS: There is an excess risk of VTE in hospitalized COVID-19 patients. This novel model can aid early identification of patients who are at high risk for VTE.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , COVID-19/complicações , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Tromboembolia Venosa/diagnóstico , Trombose Venosa/epidemiologia , Idoso , COVID-19/sangue , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/terapia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Imunização Passiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2 , Tromboembolia Venosa/sangue , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia , Trombose Venosa/sangue , Trombose Venosa/etiologia
14.
Microb Ecol ; 81(4): 1004-1017, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32588072

RESUMO

Fusarium wilt of tomato caused by the pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (Fol) is one of the most devastating soilborne diseases of tomato. To evaluate whether microbial community composition associated with Fol-infected tomato is different from healthy tomato, we analyzed the tomato-associated microbes in both healthy and Fol-infected tomato plants at both the taxonomic and functional levels; both bacterial and fungal communities have been characterized from bulk soil, rhizosphere, rhizoplane, and endosphere of tomatoes using metabarcoding and metagenomics approaches. The microbial community (bacteria and fungi) composition of healthy tomato was significantly different from that of diseased tomato, despite similar soil physicochemical characteristics. Both fungal and bacterial diversities were significantly higher in the tomato plants that remained healthy than in those that became diseased; microbial diversities were also negatively correlated with the concentration of Fol pathogen. Network analysis revealed the microbial community of healthy tomato formed a larger and more complex network than that of diseased tomato, probably providing a more stable community beneficial to plant health. Our findings also suggested that healthy tomato contained significantly greater microbial consortia, including some well-known biocontrol agents (BCAs), and enriched more functional genes than diseased tomato. The microbial taxa enriched in healthy tomato plants are recognized as potential suppressors of Fol pathogen invasion.


Assuntos
Fusarium , Lycopersicon esculentum , Micobioma , Bactérias/genética , Fusarium/genética , Doenças das Plantas
15.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 42(8): 1201-1211, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087838

RESUMO

Aberrant activation of the RAS superfamily is one of the critical factors in carcinogenesis. Among them, KRAS is the most frequently mutated one which has inspired extensive studies for developing approaches to intervention. Although the cognition toward KRAS remains far from complete, mounting evidence suggests that a variety of post-translational modifications regulate its activation and localization. In this review, we summarize the regulatory mode of post-translational modifications on KRAS including prenylation, post-prenylation, palmitoylation, ubiquitination, phosphorylation, SUMOylation, acetylation, nitrosylation, etc. We also highlight the recent studies targeting these modifications having exhibited potent anti-tumor activities.


Assuntos
Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional/fisiologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Humanos , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional/efeitos dos fármacos
16.
Nanotechnology ; 32(15): 155704, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33373982

RESUMO

The magnetotransport properties of a hybrid InSe/monolayer graphene in a SiC system are systematically studied. Compared to those of its bare graphene counterpart, in InSe/graphene, we can effectively modify the carrier density, mobility, effective mass, and electron-electron (e-e) interactions enhanced by weak disorder. We show that in bare graphene and hybrid InSe/graphene systems, the logarithmic temperature (lnT) dependence of the Hall slope R H = Î´R xy /δB = Î´ρ xy /δB can be used to probe e-e interaction effects at various temperatures even when the measured resistivity does not show a lnT dependence due to strong electron-phonon scattering. Nevertheless, one needs to be certain that the change of R H is not caused by an increase of the carrier density by checking the magnetic field position of the longitudinal resistivity minimum at different temperatures. Given the current challenges in gating graphene on SiC with a suitable dielectric layer, our results suggest that capping a van der Waals material on graphene is an effective way to modify the electronic properties of monolayer graphene on SiC.

17.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(1): 136-146, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33372465

RESUMO

Solid phase extraction (SPE) and high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) were used to detect and analyze the distribution of 10 antibiotics including sulfonamides, fluoroquinolones, and macrolides in the Harbin section of Songhua River basin and Ashe River, a tributary of Songhua River. The correlation between the antibiotic concentration and water quality indexes was analyzed and the ecological risks were evaluated. The results showed that only six antibiotics were detected in the entry section of Harbin city on the Songhua River and the concentration was relatively low. However, nine antibiotics were detected in the exit section and only sulfamethazine (SM1) was not detected. The concentrations of macrolide antibiotics increased most significantly, followed by those of sulfonamides and fluoroquinolones. The inflow of three tributaries in Harbin city was the direct cause of the increase in antibiotic concentration in the Songhua River. Only sulfapyridine (SMPD) was not detected in the upper section of Ashe River. Ten antibiotics were detected in the section where the Ashe River enters the Songhua River. The other nine antibiotics were the highest except norfloxacin (NOR). Wastewater discharged from four sewage treatment plants along Ashe River is an important factor affecting the concentration of antibiotics in the Ashe River. Correlation analysis shows that three kinds of antibiotics in the Songhua River have certain positive correlations with ammonia nitrogen, total phosphorus, and total organic carbon. There is a significant positive correlation between the three kinds of antibiotics and ammonia nitrogen and total phosphorus in the Ashe River system, indicating that the water quality indexes of the Harbin section of Songhua River and Ashe River are closely related to their antibiotic concentrations. The results of ecological risk assessment showed that macrolide antibiotics in the Harbin section of Songhua and Ashe Rivers had certain ecological risks.


Assuntos
Rios , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Antibacterianos , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Medição de Risco , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
18.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 8: 617585, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33324628

RESUMO

Gelatin methacryloyl (GelMA) has been widely used in bone engineering. It can also be filled into the calvarial defects with irregular shape. However, lack of osteoinductive capacity limits its potential as a candidate repair material for calvarial defects. In this study, we developed an injectable magnesium-zinc alloy containing hydrogel complex (Mg-IHC), in which the alloy was fabricated in an atomization process and had small sphere, regular shape, and good fluidity. Mg-IHC can be injected and plastically shaped. After cross-linking, it contents the elastic modulus similar to GelMA, and has inner holes suitable for nutrient transportation. Furthermore, Mg-IHC showed promising biocompatibility according to our evaluations of its cell adhesion, growth status, and proliferating activity. The results of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, ALP staining, alizarin red staining, and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) further indicated that Mg-IHC could significantly promote the osteogenic differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells and upregulate the genetic expression of collagen I (COL-I), osteocalcin (OCN), and runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2). Finally, after applied to a mouse model of critical-sized calvarial defect, Mg-IHC remarkably enhanced bone formation at the defect site. All of these results suggest that Mg-IHC can promote bone regeneration and can be potentially considered as a candidate for calvarial defect repairing.

19.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(46): 27206-27213, 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33226035

RESUMO

The tritium release behavior of the Li2TiO3 crystal has become an important index to evaluate its comprehensive performance as a solid breeder material in nuclear fusion reactors. The tritium diffusion on the surface (surface diffusion) and diffusion from the inside to the surface (hopping diffusion) in Li2TiO3 crystals with a 1/3-Li(001) surface are systematically investigated by the first-principles method. Possible adsorption sites, diffusion pathways and energy barriers of surface diffusion and hopping diffusion have been calculated and analyzed, respectively. Tritium atoms are found to diffuse preferentially along the [100] direction on the surface and two equivalent pathways across the surface were identified. The obtained activation energies are about 0.50 eV for surface diffusion and 1.56 eV for hopping diffusion. The local density of states and Bader charge for typical surface diffusion and hopping diffusion pathways are calculated and analyzed. The results reveal that the tritium (T) atom bonds with neighboring oxygen (O) atoms during the surface diffusion, while the T-O interaction is significantly weakened in the hopping diffusion which results in the higher activation energy than that of surface diffusion. In combination with our previous work, a complete tritium diffusion model for the Li2TiO3 crystal is proposed and the corresponding tritium diffusion coefficients are obtained. Our obtained activation energies are in the same range as previous experimental data and could provide theoretical support for the future related experiments.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22310, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019406

RESUMO

Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is a major cause of secondary hypertension (HT) of renal origin - a significant prognostic factor of IgAN. In children, similar to HT, prehypertension (pre-HT) is becoming a significant health issue. However, the role of secondary HT and pre-HT (HT/pre-HT) in the progression of pediatric IgAN remains unclear. We investigated the effects of HT/pre-HT on prognosis and its determinants as well as their correlation with clinicopathological parameters to identify more effective therapeutic targets.This single-center retrospective study compared clinicopathological features and treatment outcomes between patients with and without HT/pre-HT in 108 children with IgAN. Independent risk factors for HT/pre-HT were evaluated; segmental glomerulosclerosis was a significant variable, whose relationship with clinicopathological parameters was analyzed.Clinical outcomes of patients with and without HT/pre-HT differed considerably (P = .006) on ≥6 months follow-up. Patients with HT/pre-HT reached complete remission less frequently than those without HT/pre-HT (P = .014). Age, serum creatinine, prothrombin time, and segmental glomerulosclerosis or adhesion were independent risk factors for HT/pre-HT in pediatric IgAN (P = .012, P = .017, P = .002, and P = .016, respectively). Segmental glomerulosclerosis or adhesion was most closely associated with glomerular crescents (r = 0.456, P < .01), followed by Lees grades (r = 0.454, P < .01), renal arteriolar wall thickening (r = 0.337, P < .01), and endocapillary hypercellularity (r = 0.306, P = .001). The intensity of IgA deposits, an important marker of pathogenetic activity in IgAN, was significantly associated with the intensity and location of fibrinogen deposits (intensity: r = 0.291, P = .002; location: r = 0.275, P = .004).HT/pre-HT in pediatric IgAN patients is an important modifiable factor. A relationship is observed between HT/pre-HT and its determinants, especially segmental glomerulosclerosis. Potential therapeutic approaches for IgAN with HT/pre-HT might be directed toward the management of coagulation status, active lesions, and hemodynamics for slowing disease progression.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite por IGA/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Pré-Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores , Criança , Creatinina/sangue , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/tratamento farmacológico , Glomerulosclerose Segmentar e Focal/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pré-Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Tempo de Protrombina , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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