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1.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(3): 976-980, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895363

RESUMO

We introduced the host-guest chemistry of newly-designed fullerene receptors consisting of buckybowl and alkyne subunits. DFT computations indicated that the huge π-π overlap results in significant binding energy that is larger than those of other known fullerene hosts. The flexibility of the carbon skeleton ensures that corannulenes can be easily twisted to capture different guests and thus are expected as universal hosts for fullerene encapsulation.

2.
J Neuroinflammation ; 17(1): 17, 2020 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926564

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dendritic cell-associated C-type lectin-1 (Dectin-1) receptor has been reported to be involved in neuroinflammation in Alzheimer's disease and traumatic brain injury. The present study was designed to investigate the role of Dectin-1 and its downstream target spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) in early brain injury after ischemic stroke using a focal cortex ischemic stroke model. METHODS: Adult male C57BL/6 J mice were subjected to a cerebral focal ischemia model of ischemic stroke. The neurological score, adhesive removal test, and foot-fault test were evaluated on days 1, 3, 5, and 7 after ischemic stroke. Dectin-1, Syk, phosphorylated (p)-Syk, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression was analyzed via western blotting in ischemic brain tissue after ischemic stroke and in BV2 microglial cells subjected to oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) injury in vitro. The brain infarct volume and Iba1-positive cells were evaluated using Nissl's and immunofluorescence staining, respectively. The Dectin-1 antagonist laminarin (LAM) and a selective inhibitor of Syk phosphorylation (piceatannol; PIC) were used for the intervention. RESULTS: Dectin-1, Syk, and p-Syk expression was significantly enhanced on days 3, 5, and 7 and peaked on day 3 after ischemic stroke. The Dectin-1 antagonist LAM or Syk inhibitor PIC decreased the number of Iba1-positive cells and TNF-α and iNOS expression, decreased the brain infarct volume, and improved neurological functions on day 3 after ischemic stroke. In addition, the in vitro data revealed that Dectin-1, Syk, and p-Syk expression was increased following the 3-h OGD and 0, 3, and 6 h of reperfusion in BV2 microglial cells. LAM and PIC also decreased TNF-α and iNOS expression 3 h after OGD/R induction. CONCLUSION: Dectin-1/Syk signaling plays a crucial role in inflammatory activation after ischemic stroke, and further investigation of Dectin-1/Syk signaling in stroke is warranted.

3.
Vet Med Sci ; 6(1): 105-113, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589010

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Porcine infectious pleuropneumonia caused by Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (App) is one of the most serious infectious diseases in pigs and has brought huge economic losses to the world pig industry. The aim of this trial was to evaluate the effect of enteric-coated tilmicosin granule in the treatment and control of artificial infection of App. METHODS: Sixty Duroc and Yorkshire crossbred pigs (50 of which were artificially infected) were divided into six groups: BCG (Blank control group), ICG (Infection-only control group), HDG (High-dose enteric-coated tilmicosin granules), MDG (Medium-dose enteric-coated tilmicosin granules), LDG (Low-dose enteric-coated tilmicosin granules) and TPG (Tilmicosin premix drug control group). The cure rate, mortality, clinical respiratory score, body temperature score, weight gain, lung score and so on were recorded. RESULTS: The cure rate of HDG and MDG was as high as 90%, the mortality was 10%, and the clinical signs recovered quickly. CONCLUSION: The results showed that enteric-coated tilmicosin granules had obvious therapeutic effect on artificial infection, which could reduce the damage caused by the disease and reduce the mortality.

4.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 970, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31830910

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The compromised performance of laying hens in the late phase of production relative to the peak production was thought to be associated with the impairment of intestinal functionality, which plays essential roles in contributing to their overall health and production performance. In the present study, RNA sequencing was used to investigate differences in the expression profile of intestinal functionality-related genes and associated pathways between laying hens in the late phase and peak phase of production. RESULTS: A total of 104 upregulated genes with 190 downregulated genes were identified in the ileum (the distal small intestine) of laying hens in the late phase of production compared to those at peak production. These upregulated genes were found to be enriched in little KEGG pathway, however, the downregulated genes were enriched in the pathways of PPAR signaling pathway, oxidative phosphorylation and glutathione metabolism. Besides, these downregulated genes were mapped to several GO clusters in relation to lipid metabolism, electron transport of respiratory chain, and oxidation resistance. Similarly, there were lower activities of total superoxide dismutase, glutathione S-transferase and Na+/K+-ATPase, and reductions of total antioxidant capacity and ATP level, along with an elevation in malondialdehyde content in the ileum of laying hens in the late phase of production as compared with those at peak production. CONCLUSIONS: The intestine of laying hens in the late phase of production were predominantly characterized by a disorder of lipid metabolism, concurrent with impairments of energy production and antioxidant property. This study uncovers the mechanism underlying differences between the intestinal functionality of laying hens in the late phase and peak phase of production, thereby providing potential targets for the genetic control or dietary modulation of intestinal hypofunction of laying hens in the late phase of production.

5.
J Chromatogr A ; : 460787, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864723

RESUMO

Automatic data analysis for gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) is a challenging task in untargeted metabolomics. In this work, we provide a novel comprehensive data analysis strategy for GC-MS-based untargeted metabolomics (autoGCMSDataAnal) by developing a new automatic strategy for performing TIC peak detection and resolution and proposing a novel time-shift correction and component registration algorithm. autoGCMSDataAnal uses original acquired GC-MS datafiles as input to automatically perform TIC peak detection, component resolution, time-shift correction and component registration, statistical analysis, and compound identification. We utilize standards and complex plant samples to comprehensively investigate the performance of autoGCMSDataAnal. The results suggest that the developed strategy is comparable with several state-of-the-art methods that are widely used in GC-MS-based untargeted metabolomics. Based on the proposed strategy, we develop a user-friendly MATLAB GUI for users who are unfamiliar with programming languages to facilitate their routine analysis, which can be freely downloaded at: http://software.tobaccodb.org/software/autogcmsdataanal.

6.
Brain Pathol ; 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733156

RESUMO

In the 2016, WHO classification of tumors of the central nervous system, isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutation is a main classifier for lower grade astrocytomas and IDH-mutated astrocytomas is now regarded as a single group with longer survival. However, the molecular and clinical heterogeneity among IDH mutant lower grade (WHO Grades II/III) astrocytomas have only rarely been investigated. In this study, we recruited 160 IDH mutant lower grade (WHO Grades II/III) astrocytomas, and examined PDGFRA amplification, CDKN2A deletion and CDK4 amplification by FISH analysis, TERT promoter mutation by Sanger sequencing and ATRX loss and p53 expression by immunohistochemistry. We identified PDGFRA amplification, CDKN2A homozygous deletion and CDK4 amplification in 18.8%, 15.0% and 18.1% of our cohort respectively, and these alterations occurred in a mutually exclusive fashion. PDGFRA amplification was associated with shorter PFS (P = 0.0003) and OS (P < 0.0001). In tumors without PDGFRA amplification, CDKN2A homozygous deletion or CDK4 amplification was associated with a shorter OS (P = 0.035). Tumors were divided into three risk groups based on the presence of molecular alterations: high risk (PDGFRA amplification), intermediate risk (CDKN2A deletion or CDK4 amplification) and low risk (neither CDKN2A deletion and CDK4 amplification nor PDGFRA amplification). These three risk groups were significantly different in overall survival with mean survivals of 40.5, 62.9 and 71.5 months. The high-risk group also demonstrated a shorter PFS compared to intermediate- (P = 0.036) and low-risk (P < 0.0001) groups. One limitation of this study is the relatively short follow-up period, a common confounding factor for studies on low-grade tumors. Our data illustrate that IDH mutant lower grade astrocytomas is not a homogeneous group and should be molecularly stratified for risk.

7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(44): 17548-17557, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607122

RESUMO

The construction of stable active site in nanocatalysts is of great importance but is a challenge in heterogeneous catalysis. Unexpectedly, coordination-unsaturated and atomically dispersed copper species were constructed and stabilized in a sintered copper-ceria catalyst through air-calcination at 800 °C. This sintered copper-ceria catalyst showed a very high activity for CO oxidation with a CO consumption rate of 6100 µmolCO·gCu-1·s-1 at 120 °C, which was at least 20 times that of other reported copper catalysts. Additionally, the excellent long-term stability was unbroken under the harsh cycled reaction conditions. Based on a comprehensive structural characterization and mechanistic study, the copper atoms with unsaturated coordination in the form of Cu1O3 were identified to be the sole active site, at which both CO and O2 molecules were activated, thus inducing remarkable CO oxidation activity with a very low copper loading (1 wt %).

8.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 13239, 2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519974

RESUMO

Inflammation and immunoreaction markers were correlated with the survival of patients in many tumors. However, there were no reports investigating the relationships between preoperative hematological markers and the prognosis of medulloblastoma (MB) patients based on the molecular subgroups (WNT, SHH, Group 3, and Group 4). A total 144 MB patients were enrolled in the study. The differences of preoperative hematological markers among molecular subgroups of MB were compared by One-way ANOVA method. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the curves of progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). The comparison of survival rates in different groups were conducted by the Log-rank test. Multivariate analysis was used to evaluate independent prognostic factors. Increased preoperative NLR (neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, PFS, P = 0.004, OS, P < 0.001) and PLR (platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, PFS, P = 0.028, OS, P = 0.003) predicted poor prognosis in patients with MB, while preoperative MLR (monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio), MPV (mean platelet volume), PDW (platelet distribution width), and AGR (albumin-to-globulin ratio) were revealed no predictive value on the prognosis of patients with MB. Furthermore, high preoperative NLR and PLR predicted unfavorable prognosis in childhood MB patients. However, preoperative NLR and PLR were not associated with the prognosis in adult MB patients. Multivariate analysis demonstrated preoperative NLR (PFS, P = 0.029, OS, P = 0.005) and PLR (PFS, P = 0.023, OS, P = 0.005) were the independent prognostic factors in MB patients. Emphatically, the levels of preoperative NLR and PLR in Group 3 MB were significantly higher than those in WNT MB. High preoperative NLR was associated with unfavorable OS in Group 3 (P = 0.032) and Group 4 (P = 0.027) tumors. Similarly, increased preoperative PLR predicted poor PFS (P = 0.012) and OS (P = 0.009) in Group 4 tumors. Preoperative NLR and PLR were the potential prognostic markers for MB patients. Preoperative NLR and PLR were significantly associated with the survival of Group 3 and Group 4 tumors.

9.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(18): 2143-2149, 2019 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478926

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thyroid autoimmunity (TAI) is prevalent among women of reproductive age and associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the association between iron nutritional status and the prevalence of TAI in women during the first trimester of pregnancy and in non-pregnant women of childbearing age. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of 7463 pregnant women during the first trimester of pregnancy and 2185 non-pregnant women of childbearing age nested within the sub-clinical hypothyroid in early pregnancy study, a prospective collection of pregnant and non-pregnant women's data, was conducted in Liaoning province of China between 2012 and 2015. Serum thyrotropin, free thyroxine, thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAbs), thyroglobulin antibodies (TgAbs), serum ferritin, and urinary iodine were measured. Iron deficiency (ID) was defined as serum ferritin <15 µg/L and iron overload (IO) was defined as ferritin >150 µg/L. TPOAb-positive was defined as >34 U/mL and TgAb-positive was defined as >115 U/mL. Multilevel logistic regression was conducted to examine the association between TAI and different iron nutritional status after adjusting for potential confounders. RESULTS: The prevalence of isolated TPOAb-positive was markedly higher in women with ID than those without ID, in both pregnant and non-pregnant women (6.28% vs. 3.23%, χ = 10.264, P = 0.002; 6.25% vs. 3.70%, χ = 3,791, P = 0.044; respectively). After adjusting for confounders and the cluster effect of hospitals, ID remained associated with TPOAb-positive in pregnant and non-pregnant women (odds ratio [OR]: 2.111, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.241-3.591, P = 0.006; and OR: 1.822, 95% CI: 1.011-3.282, P = 0.046, respectively). CONCLUSION: ID was associated with a higher prevalence of isolated TPOAbs-positive, but not with isolated TgAb-positive, in both pregnant women during the first trimester of pregnancy and non-pregnant women of childbearing age, while IO was not associated with either isolated TPOAb-positive or isolated TgAb-positive. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR-TRC-13003805, http://www.chictr.org.cn/index.aspx.

10.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 1681, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396190

RESUMO

Dietary inclusions of baicalin and chlorogenic acid were beneficial for intestinal health in pigs. Nevertheless, it is unknown whether these plant-derived products had protection for intestine against bacterial challenge in chickens. This study was aimed at evaluating the potential mitigating effects of plant extracts (PE) from Flos lonicerae combined with Baikal skullcap (the active components are chlorogenic acid and baicalin) on intestinal disruption and dysbacteriosis induced by Salmonella pullorum in laying hens. A total of 216 41-week-old layers were randomly divided into 3 groups (6 replicates per group): negative control (NC), S. pullorum-infected positive control (PC), and the S. pullorum-infected group with supplementation of PE at 1000 mg/kg. All birds except those in NC were challenged with S. pullorum at the end of 4 weeks of the experiment. S. pullorum challenge impaired (P < 0.05) the production performance (egg production, feed intake, and feed efficiency) of laying hens, increased (P < 0.05) serum endotoxin content and frequency of Salmonella-positive organs, as well as up-regulated (P < 0.05) ileal expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines including IFNG, TNFA, IL8, and IL1B, whereas PE addition reversed (P < 0.05) these changes and increased (P < 0.05) ileal IL10 expression. Supplemental PE moderated ileal microbiota dysbiosis in challenged birds, characterized by a reduced abundance of Firmicutes along with increased abundances of Bacteroidetes (Bacteroides), Deferribacteres and several butyrate-producers such as Prevotellaceae, Faecalibacterium, Blautia, Butyricicoccus, Lachnoclostridium, and Olsenella, which may assist with energy harvesting and boost anti-inflammatory capacity of host. The decreased abundance of Firmicutes with the increased abundance of Bacteroidetes caused by PE addition had positive correlations with the decreased expression of ileal pro-inflammatory cytokines. The increased abundances of Bacteroidetes (Bacteroides) and Prevotellaceae following PE addition were also positively correlated with the improvement of performance (egg production and feed intake) of laying hens. Collectively, supplemental PE from Flos lonicerae in combination with Baikal skullcap alleviated S. pullorum-induced intestinal disruption and performance impairment in laying hens, which could be at least partially responsible by the modulation of gut microbial composition.

11.
EBioMedicine ; 46: 66-78, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383552

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in oncogenesis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). miR-134 is reported to have a tumour-suppressive role but its role in ESCC is not known. The present study was designed to examine whether miR-134 inhibits ESCC development and further explored relevant underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Differentially expressed genes related to ESCC were identified from microarray gene expression profiles. Immunohistochemical staining and RT-qRCR assays identified elevated PLXNA1 expression levels and low miR-134. The relationship between miR-134 and PLXNA1 was predicted and further verified by a dual-luciferase reporter assay. The expression levels of miR-134 and PLXNA1 in ESCC cells were modified by miR-134 mimic/inhibitor and siRNA against PLXNA1, respectively. Thereafter, the expression of MAPK signalling pathway-related proteins, as well as the viability, migration, invasion, cell cycle and cell apoptosis of ESCC cells was investigated. FINDINGS: The results showed that miR-134 could block the MAPK signalling pathway by downregulating PLXNA1. When miR-134 was overexpressed or PLXNA1 was silenced, cell apoptosis was enhanced, the cell cycle was retarded, and the cell proliferation, migration and invasion were suppressed. In vivo experiments confirmed that miR-134 overexpression or PLXNA1 silencing restrained tumour growth and lymph node metastasis. INTERPRETATION: These findings demonstrate that cancer cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and tumour metastasis of ESCC can be suppressed by overexpression of miR-134 through downregulating PLXNA1, which subsequently blocks the MAPK signalling pathway. These results provide new potential targets and strategies for the treatment of ESCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo , Idoso , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Progressão da Doença , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Biológicos , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Interferência de RNA
12.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(16): 6252-6272, 2019 08 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31444316

RESUMO

The prediction of clinical outcome for patients with infiltrative gliomas is challenging. Although preoperative hematological markers have been proposed as predictors of survival in glioma and other cancers, systematic investigations that combine these data with other relevant clinical variables are needed to improve prognostic accuracy and patient outcomes. We investigated the prognostic value of preoperative hematological markers, alone and in combination with molecular pathology, for the survival of 592 patients with Grade II-IV diffuse gliomas. On univariate analysis, increased neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR), and decreased albumin-to-globulin ratio (AGR), all predicted poor prognosis in Grade II/III gliomas. Multivariate analysis incorporating tumor status based on the presence of IDH mutations, TERT promoter mutations, and 1p/19q codeletion showed that in lower-grade gliomas, high NLR predicted poorer survival for the triple-negative, IDH mutation only, TERT mutation only, and IDH and TERT mutation groups. NLR was an independent prognostic factor in Grade IV glioma. We therefore propose a prognostic model for diffuse gliomas based on the presence of IDH and TERT promoter mutations, 1p/19q codeletion, and NLR. This model classifies lower-grade gliomas into nine subgroups that can be combined into four main risk groups based on survival projections.

13.
Int Forum Allergy Rhinol ; 9(11): 1327-1333, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31403761

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interleukin (IL)-17A is involved in the pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis (AR). Increased expression of IL-17A is correlated with disease severity and nasal eosinophilia. However, the molecular mechanisms by which IL-17A contributes to T-helper 2 cytokine IL-13-driven pathology in AR remain unclear. We sought to obtain mechanistic insight into how IL-17A and IL-13 regulate the epithelial production of eotaxin-3 representing eosinophilic inflammation in AR. METHODS: Human nasal epithelial cells (HNECs) from AR patients were cultured and stimulated with IL-17A, IL-13, or IL-17A and IL-13. Phosphorylated signal transducer activator of transcription 6 (p-STAT6) and suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) in HNECs were assayed using Western blotting. Immunocytochemistry was used to determine p-STAT6-positive expression in the cells. Eotaxin-3 expression in the cells and culture supernatants was evaluated using real-time polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. RESULTS: Stimulation with IL-13 alone induced STAT6 phosphorylation and promoted p-STAT6 nuclear translocation, leading to eotaxin-3 production by HNECs. These effects were further enhanced by cotreatment with IL-13 and IL-17A, whereas IL-17A alone had no impact on STAT6 or eotaxin-3 expression. Incubation with IL-17A or IL-13 increased the level of SOCS1 protein in the cells, whereas the addition of IL-17A attenuated IL-13-induced SOCS1 expression. CONCLUSION: IL-17A potentiated IL-13-driven STAT6 activation through the downregulation of SOCS1 expression, leading to enhancement of eotaxin-3 production by HNECs. These factors contributed to eosinophilic inflammation in AR.

14.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 159: 41-50, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400783

RESUMO

Emerging fungal phytodiseases are a food security threat and novel fungicides are in an urgent need. Herein, a series of isobutyrophenone derivatives were designed and synthesized. The derivatives exhibited excellent fungicidal activities against seven fungi. The structure-activity relationship (SAR) study indicated that the introduction of a bromo group at the position 3 or 5 of the phenyl ring, as well as esterification of the 4-hydroxy with a chloroacetyl group, could substantially increase the antifungal activity and spectrum of the compounds. Among all 23 compounds, 2-bromo-3-hydroxy-4-isobutyryl-6-methylphenyl 2-chloroacetate (12b) showed the highest fungicidal activity against all seven tested fungal pathogens with EC50 values ranging from 1.22 to 39.94 µg/mL and exhibited the most potent inhibition against class II fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase with an IC50 of 3.63 µM. The lead compounds were proven to be safe to NIH3T3/293 T cells and silkworm larvae, and relatively stable under different harsh conditions. Detached fruit tests showed the practical potential of lead compounds for fruit (or plant) protection. Taken together, our results indicated that the isobutyrophenone derivatives could be further optimized and developed as advanced leads for new fungicides.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/química , Antifúngicos/metabolismo , Frutose-Bifosfato Aldolase/metabolismo , Animais , Bombyx/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Frutose-Bifosfato Aldolase/genética , Humanos , Larva/metabolismo , Camundongos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estrutura Molecular , Células NIH 3T3 , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
15.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3470, 2019 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31375672

RESUMO

As the water-gas shift (WGS) reaction serves as a crucial industrial process, strategies for developing robust WGS catalysts are highly desiderated. Here we report the construction of stabilized bulk-nano interfaces to fabricate highly efficient copper-ceria catalyst for the WGS reaction. With an in-situ structural transformation, small CeO2 nanoparticles (2-3 nm) are stabilized on bulk Cu to form abundant CeO2-Cu interfaces, which maintain well-dispersed under reaction conditions. This inverse CeO2/Cu catalyst shows excellent WGS performances, of which the activity is 5 times higher than other reported Cu catalysts. Long-term stability is also very solid under harsh conditions. Mechanistic study illustrates that for the inverse CeO2/Cu catalyst, superb capability of H2O dissociation and CO oxidation facilitates WGS process via the combination of associative and redox mechanisms. This work paves a way to fabricate robust catalysts by combining the advantages of bulk and nano-sized catalysts. Catalysts with such inverse configurations show great potential in practical WGS applications.

16.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol ; 47(1): 2688-2697, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257932

RESUMO

This study was aimed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory potential of AG on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) -induced liver injury and investigate the underlying mechanism. Administration of LPSs in the rat produced rat liver injury model which was ascertained at histological and molecular levels. Those models were treated with a range of doses of LPSs (0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 mg/kg body weight), followed by measurement physical parameter and function of the liver. Within the max treatment doses, no toxicity was shown but protective effects of AG were evidenced by regulation of physical parameters and functions of the liver. Interestingly, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) levels and inflammatory factors were down-regulated by AG. Furthermore, the histopathological analysis demonstrated that AG promoted recovery from dysfunction of liver tissue in the rats, which was further confirmed by observing expression changes of inflammation-associated proteins. Particularly, alteration in the PI3K/AKT and JAK2/STAT3 signalling pathway protein expression were regulated by AG in a dose-dependent manner, indicating the mechanism underlying the relief effect of AG in liver injury. Our study demonstrated the potential of AG in the management of complications related to liver injury.


Assuntos
Amigdalina/farmacologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/patologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Amigdalina/uso terapêutico , Animais , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Doença Crônica , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Janus Quinase 2/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/sangue , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo
17.
J Nat Prod ; 2019 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31244147

RESUMO

Six new cyathane diterpenoids, cyahookerins A-F (1-6), as well as nine known analogues (7-15), were isolated from the liquid culture of the basidiomycete Cyathus hookeri. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses (1D and 2D NMR, HRESIMS, and ECD), and the absolute configurations of compounds 1 and 4 were determined by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. Compounds 1 and 2 represent the first unusual cyathane acetals featuring a dioxolane ring. Compounds 1-6 displayed differential nerve growth factor-induced neurite outgrowth-promoting activity in PC-12 cells at concentrations of 10 µM. In addition, cyahookerin B (2), cyathin E (9), cyathin B2 (12), and cyathin Q (13) showed significant nitric oxide production inhibition in Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated BV-2 microglial cells with IC50 values of 12.0, 6.9, 10.9, and 9.1 µM, respectively. Similar binding modes of the four compounds were indicated by molecular-docking studies, and structure-activity relationships are discussed.

18.
Langmuir ; 35(26): 8658-8666, 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31244254

RESUMO

Supported CuO-CeO2 catalysts have been extensively studied for their outstanding catalytic activity in CO oxidation. Unfortunately, they are prone to sintering and deactivation when exposed to high-temperature automotive exhausts. Herein, taking advantage of the heat-resistant SiO2 microspheres, we fabricated a series of core-shell-structured yCuO- xCeO2@SiO2 ( x is the weight ratio of CeO2-SiO2 and y is the weight ratio of Cu-(CeO2@SiO2)) composite catalysts. All the small CeO2 particles were bound to the SiO2 spheres, forming an xCeO2@SiO2 structure, on the surface of which a certain amount of CuO was well-dispersed. The 5CuO-50CeO2@SiO2 catalyst exhibited good activity, with the full conversion of CO achieved at around 130 °C, and no obvious deactivation was observed in the stability test. Importantly, the interaction between CuO and CeO2@SiO2 enhanced its durability at high temperatures. Even at 800 °C and with a space velocity of 800 000 mL·gcat-1·h-1, CO conversion could be maintained at 90%, which is prospectively applied in a real CO elimination system. The result of the temperature-programmed reduction in hydrogen demonstrated that this special core-shell-structured 5CuO-50CeO2@SiO2 catalyst improved the reduction ability of the CuO species. In situ diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy measurements further confirmed that CO molecules preferred to be adsorbed on Cu(I) species to form reactive CO-Cu(I) that enhanced the reactivity of the 5CuO-50CeO2@SiO2 catalyst.

19.
J Thorac Dis ; 11(4): 1279-1286, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31179070

RESUMO

Background: Pacing parameters may influence pacing lead life and pacemaker life. This study sought to determine whether different right atrial active-fixation lead implantation parameters are associated with chronic pacing performance. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted on all consecutive patients implanted with an active-fixation atrial lead at our institution from July 2014 to October 2016. Atrial leads with a P-wave sensing of ≥2.0 mV, a pacing threshold of ≤1.0 V, and a lead impedance of 300-1,000 ohms were assigned as the optimized group, while atrial leads that did not meet these specifications were assigned as the conventional group. A total of 98 patients who received active-fixation atrial leads (55 patients were male, mean age was 63±12 years old) were studied, and the lead performance of 67 of these patients were optimized in 3 months. Results: In the multivariate analysis, current of injury [COI; COI10min, odds ratio (OR): 0.296, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.093-0.939, P=0.039] and P-wave sensing (P10min, OR: 0.449, 95% CI: 0.265-0.762, P=0.003) were recorded at 10 minutes after lead fixation, and were considered predictors of lead optimized performance. The cut-off value of COI10min and P10min was 1.04 mV (sensitivity: 0.58 and specificity: 0.77) and 3.3 mV (sensitivity: 0.67 and specificity: 0.74), respectively, for predicting lead optimized performance after 3 months. COI10min ≥1.04 mV and P10min ≥3.3 mV were combined and considered as the predictable criteria, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.806 (sensitivity =0.70 and specificity =0.77). Conclusions: Optimized atrial lead performance at 3 months was predictable from COI10min ≥1.04 mV and P10min ≥3.3 mV.

20.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 19(1): 84, 2019 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185932

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have investigated the vitamin D status in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and its relationship with HBV replication, the results however were inconsistent. The present meta-analysis was carried out to compare the vitamin D levels between patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and healthy controls, and to determine whether vitamin D levels were correlated with HBV viral loads significantly. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted via PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library to identify eligible studies until September 28, 2017. We calculated pooled mean difference (MD) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) to quantitatively estimate the difference of vitamin D levels between CHB patients and controls. In addition, correlation between serum vitamin D levels and HBV viral loads was defined by summary correlation coefficient (r value) and the corresponding 95% CI. RESULTS: A total of 7 studies involving 814 CHB patients and 696 healthy controls were included. A significantly decreased vitamin D levels was found in CHB patients compared with healthy controls: pooled MD (95% CI) was - 2.03 ng/mL (- 2.60, - 1.46). Latitude-stratified subgroup analysis indicated this difference was more obvious in low latitude areas, with a bigger pooled MD (95% CI) of - 2.72 ng/mL (- 4.57, - 0.87). In addition, we observed an inverse correlation between serum vitamin D levels and HBV viral loads: pooled r (95% CI) was - 0.41(- 0.54, - 0.27). CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that vitamin D levels were lower in CHB patients than that of healthy controls and inversely correlated with HBV viral loads, although future comprehensive studies are needed to clarify the underlying mechanisms.


Assuntos
Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica/sangue , Carga Viral/estatística & dados numéricos , Vitamina D/sangue , Adulto , Feminino , Hepatite B Crônica/virologia , Humanos , Masculino
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