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1.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 711540, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603201

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the association between the visit-to-visit variability (VVV) of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and arterial stiffness in Chinese adults. Methods: We performed a cohort study involving 2002 Chinese adults with no history of myocardial infarction or stroke. All the participants attended three visits (the baseline visit in 2008, the 2nd visit in 2009 and the 3rd visit in 2013). We used four measures to define the VVV of FPG across the three visits: the standard deviation (SD), the coefficient of variation (CV), the average successive variability (ASV) and the variability independent of the mean (VIM). We used brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (ba-PWV) to measure arterial stiffness at the 2nd and the 3rd visits. Results: Compared with the lowest tertile of all the four measurements of VVV of FPG, significantly increased levels of ba-PWV change, ratio of ba-PWV change and the occurrence of the elevated ba-PWV were found in the highest tertile. The odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) comparing participants in the highest tertile vs. the lowest tertile of FPG-SD was 1.37 (1.01-1.86) for risks of having elevated ba-PWV, even after adjustment for covariates including the mean FPG. Similar results were found for FPG-CV and FPG-VIM. Conclusion: Greater long-term variability of FPG was associated with an increased risk of arterial stiffness, suggesting that the VVV of FPG could be used for an early detection of subclinical atherosclerosis.

3.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 180: 109039, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481909

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aimed to assess the effects of the hemoglobin glycation index (HGI) on hyperglycemia diagnosis and summarize the general characteristics of patients with a high-HGI phenotype. METHODS: The fasting plasma glucose and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels of participants (n = 47,648) were used to estimate a linear regression equation and determine the baseline HGI. Overall, 42,317 participants without a history of diabetes were included in the final analysis. The participants were divided into three groups according to the tertiles (low, moderate, and high) of baseline HGI. Proportions and variables were compared among the three HGI groups. A multivariate ordered logistic regression model was used to explore associations between related variables and the high-HGI phenotype. RESULTS: Regression analysis indicated that the high-HGI phenotype was positively associated with female sex, advanced age, obesity, increased low-density lipoprotein and triglyceride levels, decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and postprandial glycemic excursion levels (all P < 0.05). The prevalence of hyperglycemia increased from the low- to the high-HGI groups when using HbA1c for diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with high HGI have similar clinical characteristics. Measuring HbA1c alone for diagnosis could lead to inappropriate diabetes management decisions in people with low or high HGI.

4.
Metabolism ; 124: 154874, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517014

RESUMO

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to evaluate the effect of NAFLD on the risk of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)-based chronic kidney disease (CKD), and further test the joint effects and interactions between NAFLD status and individual metabolic element, as well as the total 'ABCs' metabolic goal achievement, on the CVD and CKD risk among 101,296 patients with prediabetes or diabetes from a prospective cohort study. METHODS: We conducted the study based on the China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort (4C) study, a large-scale, population-based prospective cohort. After excluding alcohol abuse and other cause of hepatic diseases, we used fatty liver index (FLI) ≥ 60 as a proxy of NAFLD and stratified the probability of fibrosis by aspartate transaminase/alanine transaminase ratio (AAR) with cut-offs of 0.8 and 1.4. 'ABCs' metabolic goal was defined as subjects who had HbA1c < 6.5% (A), SBP/DBP < 130/80 mmHg (B), and LDL-C < 100 mg/dL (C). During 3.8 years follow-up, we validated 2340 CVD events based on medical records and identified 1943 participants developed CKD based on centrally tested eGFR. RESULTS: The multivariable adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) were 1.15 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.05-1.27) for CVD events and 1.33 (95% CI, 1.20-1.48) for CKD among NAFLD patients, compared with participants without NAFLD. Of NAFLD patients, relative to individuals with low AAR (<0.8), those with high AAR (≥1.4) were more likely to experience CVD events [1.62 (1.21-2.18)] and CKD [1.63 (1.17-2.28)]. Participants with NAFLD and comorbid poorly controlled metabolic risk factors had higher risk of CVD events or CKD than having either alone, with a significant interaction between poor glycemic control and NAFLD on the risk of vascular complications. CONCLUSIONS: NAFLD was associated with incident CVD and CKD among patients with prediabetes or diabetes. Such associations were substantially modified by the comprehensive achievement of metabolic goal.

5.
J Diabetes ; 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427386

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gestational hyperglycemia increases the risk of diabetes in later life. However, the risk of future cardiovascular diseases (CVD) related to gestational hyperglycemia remains inconclusive. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of gestational hyperglycemia on the subsequent risk of CVD and its modifying factors among elderly Chinese women. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of elderly women from the baseline survey of Risk Evaluation of cAncers in Chinese diabeTic Individuals: a lONgitudinal (REACTION) study. Women with gestational hyperglycemia (n = 82), and controls matched by age and study site (n = 410) were included. Information on CVD, including reported coronary heart disease, stroke, or myocardial infarction, was collected through an interviewer-assisted questionnaire. RESULTS: Women with gestational hyperglycemia were more likely to develop diabetes (odds ratio [OR], 2.51; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.50-4.18) and CVD (OR, 1.98; 95% CI, 1.05-3.74). Even without progressing to type 2 diabetes, gestational hyperglycemia was associated with an increased risk of CVD (OR, 2.88; 95% CI, 1.18-7.00). However, subgroup analysis indicated that compared with those without gestational hyperglycemia or hypertension, women with both gestational hyperglycemia and hypertension had higher risk of CVD (OR, 3.98; 95% CI, 1.65-9.58), whereas the risk estimate did not significantly change in women with gestational hyperglycemia alone (OR, 2.15; 95% CI, 0.71-6.57). Stratified analysis indicated that among those with overweight/obesity, inactive physical activity, or unhealthy dietary habits, gestational hyperglycemia increased the risk of CVD. CONCLUSIONS: In elderly Chinese women, gestational hyperglycemia was associated with an increased risk of CVD in later life. This association was independent of the progression to diabetes and might be modified by lifestyle factors and hypertension.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34448477

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Observational studies have associated obesity with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and arterial stiffness, but the causality remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the causality of obesity with CKD and arterial stiffness using Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis. METHODS: We genotyped 14 body mass index (BMI)-associated variants validated in East Asians in 11384 Chinese adults. A genetic risk score based on the 14 variants and the 14 individual single nucleotide polymorphisms were respectively used as instrumental variables (IVs). CKD was defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73 m 2. Arterial stiffness was defined as brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity >1550 cm/s. RESULTS: Using the genetic risk score as the IV, we demonstrated causal relations of each 1-standard deviation increment in BMI with CKD (odds ratio [OR]: 2.36; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.11-5.00) and arterial stiffness (OR: 1.71; 95% CI: 1.22-2.39). Using the 14 single nucleotide polymorphisms individually as IVs, each 1-standard deviation increment in BMI casually associated with CKD (OR: 2.58; 95% CI: 1.39-4.79) and arterial stiffness (OR: 1.87; 95% CI: 1.24-2.81) in the inverse-variance weighted analysis, and MR-Egger regression revealed no evidence of horizontal pleiotropy (Both P for intercept≥0.34). The causality between obesity and CKD was validated in two-sample MR analysis among Europeans (681275 of Genetic Investigation of ANthropometric Traits and 133413 of CKD Genetics). CONCLUSIONS: This study provided novel insights into causality of obesity with CKD and arterial stiffness, highlighting the importance of weight management for primary prevention and control of subclinical vascular diseases.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427675

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the associations between individual and combined cardiometabolic morbidities and incident cardiovascular events in Chinese adults. DESIGN: A prospective, nationwide, and population-based cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: 133572 participants aged ≥ 40 years were included in the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. RESULTS: Compared with participants without diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia, participants with only diabetes (hazard ratio [HR], 1.58; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.32-1.90) or only hypertension (2.04; 1.82-2.28) exhibited significantly higher risk for CVD events, while participants with only dyslipidemia (0.97; 0.84-1.12) exhibited no significantly higher risk for CVD events. When analyzed collectively, participants with diabetes plus hypertension (HR, 2.67; 95%CI, 2.33-3.06), diabetes plus dyslipidemia (1.57; 1.32-1.87), and hypertension plus dyslipidemia (2.12; 1.88-2.39) exhibited significantly higher risk for CVD. Moreover, participants with the combination of diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia exhibited the highest risk for CVD events (HR, 3.06; 95%CI, 2.71-3.46). Multivariable-adjusted HRs (95% CIs) for CVD associated with diabetes based on fasting glucose ≥7.0 mmol/L, oral glucose tolerance test-2h glucose ≥11.1 mmol/L, and hemoglobin A1c ≥6.5% were 1.64 (1.51-1.78), 1.57 (1.45-1.69), and 1.54 (1.42-1.66), respectively; associated with hypertension based on systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg were 1.89 (1.76-2.03) and 1.74 (1.60-1.88), respectively; associated with dyslipidemia based on total cholesterol ≥6.22 mmol/L, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol ≥4.14 mmol/L, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol <1.04 mmol/L, and triglycerides ≥2.26 mmol/L were 1.18 (1.08-1.30), 1.30 (1.17-1.44), 1.00 (0.92-1.09), and 1.10 (1.01-1.20), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia showed additive associations with the risk of CVD events in middle-aged and elderly Chinese adults.

8.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1867(12): 166261, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455055

RESUMO

Rapamycin insensitive companion of mechanistic target of Rapamycin (Rictor), the key component of mTOR complex 2 (mTORC2), controls both ß-cell proliferation and function. We sought to study whether long chain acyl-CoA synthetase 4 (Acsl4) worked downstream of Rictor/mTORC2 to maintain ß-cell functional mass. We found Acsl4 was positively regulated by Rictor at transcriptional and posttranslational levels in mouse ß-cell. Infecting adenovirus expressing Acsl4 in ß-cell-specific-Rictor-knockout (ßRicKO) islets and Min6 cells knocking down Rictor with lentivirus-expressing siRNA-oligos targeting Rictor(siRic), recovered the ß-cell dysplasia but not dysfunction. Cell bioenergetic experiment performed with Seahorse XF showed that Acsl4 could not rescue the dampened glucose oxidation in Rictor-lacking ß-cell, but further promoted lipid oxidation. Transposase-Accessible Chromatin (ATAC) and H3K27Ac chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) sequencing studies reflected the epigenetic elevated molecular signature for ß-cell dedifferentiation and mitigated oxidative defense/response. These results were confirmed by the observations of elevated acetylation and ubiquitination of FoxO1, increased protein levels of Gpx1 and Hif1an, excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and diminished MafA in Acsl4 overexpressed Rictor-lacking ß-cells. In these cells, antioxidant treatment significantly recovered MafA level and insulin content. Inducing lipid oxidation alone could not mimic the effect of Acsl4 in Rictor lacking ß-cell. Our study suggested that Acsl4 function in ß-cell was context dependent and might facilitate ß-cell dedifferentiation with attenuated Rictor/mTORC2 activity or insulin signaling via posttranslational inhibiting FoxO1 and epigenetically enhancing ROS induced MafA degradation.

9.
EBioMedicine ; 69: 103471, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229277

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is highly related to the excessive accumulation of visceral adipose tissue (VAT). Quantitative measurements of VAT are commonly applied in clinical practice for measurement of metabolic risks; however, it remains largely unknown whether the texture of VAT can evaluate visceral adiposity, stratify MetS and predict surgery-induced weight loss effects. METHODS: 675 Chinese adult volunteers and 63 obese patients (with bariatric surgery) were enrolled. Texture features were extracted from VATs of the computed tomography (CT) scans and machine learning was applied to identify significant imaging biomarkers associated with metabolic-related traits. FINDINGS: Combined with sex, ten VAT texture features achieved areas under the curve (AUCs) of 0.872, 0.888, 0.961, and 0.947 for predicting the prevalence of insulin resistance, MetS, central obesity, and visceral obesity, respectively. A novel imaging biomarker, RunEntropy, was identified to be significantly associated with major metabolic outcomes and a 3.5-year follow-up in 338 volunteers demonstrated its long-term effectiveness. More importantly, the preoperative imaging biomarkers yielded high AUCs and accuracies for estimation of surgery responses, including the percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL) (0.867 and 74.6%), postoperative BMI group (0.930 and 76.1%), postoperative insulin resistance (0.947 and 88.9%), and excess visceral fat loss (the proportion of visceral fat reduced over 50%; 0.928 and 84.1%). INTERPRETATION: This study shows that the texture features of VAT have significant clinical implications in evaluating metabolic disorders and predicting surgery-induced weight loss effects. FUNDING: The complete list of funders can be found in the Acknowledgement section.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica/efeitos adversos , Gordura Intra-Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Metabólicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Perda de Peso , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
10.
J Diabetes ; 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259386

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is increasingly diagnosed at a younger age worldwide and in China. Limited data are available regarding the association between age at diabetes diagnosis and risks of albuminuria. This study sought to examine the independent effect of age at diagnosis of type 2 diabetes on the risk of albuminuria. METHODS: We used data from a nationwide multicenter study with 207 961 participants in mainland China. Age, sex, and study site were matched for 31 366 screen-detected type 2 diabetes cases and 31 366 normal controls. Age, sex, study site, and diabetes duration were matched for 7490 self-reported type 2 diabetes cases and 7490 normal controls. Risks of having albuminuria in matched type 2 diabetes vs controls were examined using multivariable logistic regression analysis in strata of age at diabetes diagnosis. RESULTS: Although the absolute rate of albuminuria is higher in older adults, the odds ratio of albuminuria in type 2 diabetes vs matched controls decreased with increasing age at diagnosis. For participants with diabetes diagnosed at an age of <50, 50 to 59, 60 to 69, or ≥70 years, the multivariable adjusted risk of albuminuria increased by 81%, 60%, 45%, and 33% for screen-detected diabetes, and 135%, 121%, 90%, and 58% for self-reported diabetes compared with their normal controls, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: A younger age at diagnosis of type 2 diabetes is associated with a more significantly elevated risk of albuminuria than an older age at diagnosis in Chinese adults.

11.
Andrology ; 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34197044

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity in men is also shown to be associated with reduced reproductive potential, and this particular subtype was described as male obesity-associated secondary hypogonadism (MOSH). Recent studies showing the influence of sleep disorders on testosterone levels suggested a potential role of sleep disorders in determining the development of MOSH. OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between night-time sleep duration and day napping and the prevalence of MOSH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 226 obese male participants aged 18-30 years were enrolled. Daytime napping and night-time sleep duration data were collected using a standardized self-reported Chinese-language questionnaire. MOSH was defined as obese men (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 ) with hypogonadal symptoms and decreased total testosterone level and/or free testosterone level, excluding other causes of hypogonadism. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of MOSH was 48.2% in this study. An inverse association was observed between night sleep duration and the risk of prevalent MOSH. Men who reported fewer than 6 h of night-time sleep had reduced total testosterone and free testosterone levels and an increased risk of MOSH. Further regression analysis revealed that after adjustment for potential confounders, the odds ratio of MOSH for the short night-time sleep group (<6 h vs. 6-8 h) was 6.17 (p = 0.040). No significant association was observed between day napping status and prevalence of MOSH. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Short night sleep duration was associated with an increased risk of MOSH in the young obese Chinese population. Chronic sleep curtailment has a negative effect on obese men's health in terms of hypogonadism.

12.
Diabetes Obes Metab ; 23(11): 2551-2560, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34322974

RESUMO

AIMS: The aims of this study were to evaluate the associations of metabolic abnormalities with incident diabetic kidney disease (DKD) and to explore whether dyslipidaemia, particularly high fasting triglyceride (TG), was associated with the development of DKD. METHODS: In total, 11 142 patients with new-onset type 2 diabetes with baseline estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m2 were followed up during 2011-2016. Incident DKD was defined as eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 at follow-up. Multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted to explore the relationship of metabolic abnormalities at baseline and at follow-up with risks of DKD. High TG was defined by TG ≥1.70 mmol/L. Low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) was defined by HDL-c <1.0 mmol/L for men or <1.3 mmol/L for women. RESULTS: Participants who developed DKD had higher levels of waist circumference and systolic blood pressure, and lower levels of HDL-c at both baseline and follow-up visits. The DKD group also had higher levels of post-load plasma glucose and TG at follow-up. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that both high TG at baseline [odds ratio (OR) = 1.37, p = .012) and high TG at follow-up (OR = 1.71, p < .001) were significantly associated with increased risks of DKD. Patients with high TG levels at both baseline and follow-up had higher risk of DKD compared with constantly normal TG (OR = 1.65, p < .001) after adjustment for covariates. CONCLUSIONS: In a large population of patients with new-onset type 2 diabetes, a high TG level was an independent risk factor for the development of DKD. Tight TG control might delay the occurrence of DKD.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Neoplasias , China/epidemiologia , HDL-Colesterol , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Triglicerídeos
13.
Plant Cell ; 33(10): 3331-3347, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34323980

RESUMO

For grain crops such as rice (Oryza sativa), grain size substantially affects yield. The histone acetyltransferase GRAIN WEIGHT 6a (GW6a) determines grain size and yield in rice. However, the gene regulatory network underlying GW6a-mediated regulation of grain size has remained elusive. In this study, we show that GW6a interacts with HOMOLOG OF DA1 ON RICE CHROMOSOME 3 (HDR3), a ubiquitin-interacting motif-containing ubiquitin receptor. Transgenic rice plants overexpressing HDR3 produced larger grains, whereas HDR3 knockout lines produce smaller grains compared to the control. Cytological data suggest that HDR3 modulates grain size in a similar manner to GW6a, by altering cell proliferation in spikelet hulls. Mechanistically, HDR3 physically interacts with and stabilizes GW6a in an ubiquitin-dependent manner, delaying protein degradation by the 26S proteasome. The delay in GW6a degradation results in dramatic enhancement of the local acetylation of H3 and H4 histones. Furthermore, RNA sequencing analysis and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays reveal that HDR3 and GW6a bind to the promoters of and modulate a common set of downstream genes. In addition, genetic analysis demonstrates that HDR3 functions in the same genetic pathway as GW6a to regulate the grain size. Therefore, we identified the grain size regulatory module HDR3-GW6a as a potential target for crop yield improvement.

14.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(54): 6612-6615, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34116566

RESUMO

Negative ion mode paper spray mass spectrometry (PS-MS) suffers from intense background noise and unstable MS signal. For the first time, we reported fluorinated boron nitride nanosheet (h-FBN) assisted negative ion PS-MS for the detection of a series of molecules. We demonstrated that the introduction of h-FBN can greatly improve the detection sensitivity and signal stability in the negative ion mode.


Assuntos
Compostos de Boro/química , Halogenação , Limite de Detecção , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Papel , Nanoestruturas/química , Razão Sinal-Ruído
15.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 13443, 2021 06 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34188092

RESUMO

Monocytes are important mediators of immune system and are reported to be altered in autoimmune disorders. Little is known about the pathological role of monocytes in Graves' disease (GD). Thus, we investigated monocytes in periphery and thyroid tissue in GD. Untreated GD patients were enrolled and followed up until remission. Monocytes were significantly increased and positively correlated with anti-thyrotropin receptor antibody (TRAb) in untreated GD (rcounts = 0.269, P < 0.001; rpercentage = 0.338, P < 0.001). Flow cytometry showed CD14++ CD16+ monocytes were increased and CD14++ CD16- monocytes were decreased in untreated GD (both P < 0.001). Skewed monocyte subsets were recovered in GD with remission. Serum B cell-activating factor (BAFF) was positively correlated with TRAb (r = 0.384 and P = 0.001). CD14++ CD16+ monocytes expressed higher level of BAFF in untreated GD (P < 0.05). The frequency of CD14+ monocytes and CD14+ CD16+ monocytes were significantly higher in GD thyroid tissue than in normal thyroid tissue (both P < 0.001). Our study suggested CD14++ CD16+ monocytes were significantly expanded and involved in the production of TRAb via secreting a higher level of BAFF in periphery. Besides, monocytes infiltrated into thyroid tissue and thus could serve as an important participant in GD pathogenesis.

16.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 106(10): e3957-e3968, 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34125886

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Little is known about the link between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) evolution and incident chronic kidney disease (CKD). OBJECTIVE: We aim to assess the associations of NALFD status changes and NAFLD fibrosis progression with the risk of incident CKD. METHODS: We conducted a community-based prospective study that included participants aged 40 years or older and free of CKD at baseline in 2010, with follow-up evaluations after a mean of 4.4 years. NAFLD was diagnosed by ultrasonography and NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS) was used to evaluate fibrosis stage and progression. CKD was defined by estimated glomerular filtration rate or urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio. All the measurements were performed at baseline and follow-up examination. RESULTS: Among 4042 participants with 4 NAFLD status change groups, incident NAFLD was associated with an increased risk of incident CKD (odds ratio [OR] = 1.44; 95% CI, 1.003-2.06; P = 0.048) compared with non-NAFLD after adjustments for the confounders, including evolution of diabetes, hypertension, and obesity, in addition to the baseline levels. However, the risk of incident CKD was not significantly different between NAFLD resolution and persistent NAFLD. Among 534 participants in the persistent NAFLD group, fibrosis progression from low NFS to intermediate or high NFS was associated with a significantly increased risk of incident CKD compared with stable fibrosis in low NFS (OR = 2.82; 95% CI, 1.22-6.56; P = 0.016). CONCLUSION: NAFLD development and fibrosis progression are associated with increased risk of incident CKD.

17.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 31(8): 2319-2327, 2021 07 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34154885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Previous studies had shed a new light on the importance of multiple inflammatory mechanisms in the pathogenesis of arterial stiffness. The dietary inflammatory index (DII®) is a new tool for estimating the overall inflammatory potential of the diet. The aim of this study is to assess the association of the inflammatory potential of diet with peripheral arterial stiffness and renal function in women with diabetes and prediabetes. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is an observational cross-sectional study. A total of 2644 females aged 45-75 years were included for the study. Dietary intake in the past 12 months was assessed by a validated China National Nutrition and Health Survey 2002 (CNHS2002) food-frequency questionnaire. Energy-adjusted DII (E-DII) scores were calculated from daily dietary information. In a multivariable linear regression analysis adjusted for potential confounders, E-DII was positively associated with brachial ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) in participants with diabetes (ß = 12.820; 95% CI = 2.565, 23.076; P = 0.014) and prediabetes (ß = 29.025; 95% CI = 1.110, 56.940; P = 0.042), but not in females with normal glucose homeostasis. In addition, per unit increase of E-DII was significantly associated with lower eGFR (ß = -1.363; 95% CI = -2.335, -0.392; P = 0.006) in patients with diabetes. CONCLUSION: We identified a direct association between E-DII and arterial stiffness, decreasedeGFR in middle-aged and elderly women with diabetes or prediabetes. Future studies are needed to verify and clarify the role of E-DII as an intervention target for cardiorenal complications of chronic hyperglycemia.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/fisiopatologia , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Inflamação/etiologia , Rim/fisiopatologia , Estado Pré-Diabético/fisiopatologia , Rigidez Vascular , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Glicemia/metabolismo , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estado Pré-Diabético/sangue , Estado Pré-Diabético/diagnóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
18.
J Bone Miner Res ; 36(8): 1605-1620, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33950533

RESUMO

Lgr4, a G-protein-coupled receptor, is associated with various physiological and pathological processes including oncogenesis, energy metabolism, and bone remodeling. However, whether Lgr4 is involved in osteoblasts' metabolism is not clear. Here we uncover that in preosteoblast cell line, lacking Lgr4 results in decreased osteogenic function along with reduced glucose consumption, glucose uptake, and lactate production in the presence of abundant oxygen, which is referred to as aerobic glycolysis. Activating canonical Wnt/ß-catenin signaling rescued the glycolytic dysfunction. Lgr4 promotes the expression of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1 (pdk1) and is abolished by interfering canonical Wnt/ß-catenin signaling. Mice lacking Lgr4 specifically in osteoblasts (Lgr4osb-/- ) exhibit decreased bone mass and strength due to reduced bone formation. Additionally, glycolysis of osteoblasts is impaired in Lgr4osb-/- mice. Our study reveals a novel function of Lgr4 in regulating the cellular metabolism of osteoblasts. © 2021 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR).


Assuntos
Via de Sinalização Wnt , beta Catenina , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Glicólise , Camundongos , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo
19.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 106(9): e3619-e3633, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33950216

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) is becoming a prioritized surgical intervention for obese individuals; however, the brain circuits that mediate its effective control of food intake and predict surgical outcome remain largely unclear. OBJECTIVE: We investigated VSG-correlated alterations of the gut-brain axis. METHODS: In this observational cohort study, 80 patients with obesity were screened. A total of 36 patients together with 26 normal-weight subjects were enrolled and evaluated using the 21-item Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ), MRI scanning, plasma intestinal hormone analysis, and fecal sample sequencing. Thirty-two patients underwent VSG treatment and 19 subjects completed an average of 4-month follow-up evaluation. Data-driven regional homogeneity (ReHo) coupled with seed-based connectivity analysis were used to quantify VSG-related brain activity. Longitudinal alterations of body weight, eating behavior, brain activity, gastrointestinal hormones, and gut microbiota were detected and subjected to repeated measures correlation analysis. RESULTS: VSG induced significant functional changes in the right putamen (PUT.R) and left supplementary motor area, both of which correlated with weight loss and TFEQ scores. Moreover, postprandial levels of active glucagon-like peptide-1 (aGLP-1) and Ghrelin were associated with ReHo of PUT.R; meanwhile, relative abundance of Clostridia increased by VSG was associated with improvements in aGLP-1 secretion, PUT.R activity, and weight loss. Importantly, VSG normalized excessive functional connectivities with PUT.R, among which baseline connectivity between PUT.R and right orbitofrontal cortex was related to postoperative weight loss. CONCLUSION: VSG causes correlated alterations of gut-brain axis, including Clostridia, postprandial aGLP-1, PUT.R activity, and eating habits. Preoperative connectivity of PUT.R may represent a potential predictive marker of surgical outcome in patients with obesity.

20.
J Diabetes Investig ; 2021 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33998159

RESUMO

AIMS/INTRODUCTION: To analyze the associations and interactions of the genetic susceptibility and family history of diabetes with lifestyle factors in relation to diabetes among Chinese adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We constructed a genetic risk score of 34 single-nucleotide polymorphisms in 11,596 participants from Songnan and Youyi communities, Baoshan District, Shanghai, China. We determined a healthy lifestyle by a normal body mass index (<24 kg/m2 ), adequate fruit and vegetable intake (≥4.5 cups/day), never smoked or quit smoking >1 year prior, sufficient physical activity (≥600 metabolic equivalent minutes per week), and a sleep duration of ≥6 to ≤8 h/day. Logistic regression models were used to examine the associations and interactions between heritability and lifestyle on diabetes. RESULTS: A healthier lifestyle was associated with a lower prevalence of diabetes within any heritable risk groups categorized by the genetic risk score and family history of diabetes. In the combined communities, the odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for diabetes associated with each additional healthy lifestyle factor was 0.83 (0.77-0.89) among participants with a low genetic risk score and 0.86 (0.81-0.91) among participants with a high genetic risk score (Pinteraction  = 0.66). Similar interaction patterns of family history (Pinteraction  = 0.15) and the combination of family history and the genetic risk score with healthy lifestyle (Pinteraction  = 0.55) on diabetes were observed. CONCLUSIONS: A healthier lifestyle was associated with a significantly lower prevalence of diabetes regardless of heritable risk groups, highlighting the importance of adhering to a healthy lifestyle for diabetes prevention among the entire population.

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