Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.043
Filtrar
1.
Poult Sci ; 100(5): 101024, 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33813324

RESUMO

This experiment investigated the effect and interaction of dietary calcium (Ca) and nonphytate phosphorus (NPP) on growth performance, tibial characteristics, carcass traits, and meat quality for slow-growing yellow-feathered broilers during 56 to 84 d of age. A 3 × 3 factorial arrangement was used, and 720 56-day-old broilers were randomly divided into 9 groups and fed with diets containing different levels of Ca (0.70, 0.80, 0.90%) and NPP (0.30, 0.35, 0.40%) for 28 d. The dietary Ca level affected the ADFI of yellow-feathered broilers (P < 0.05), and the ADFI of birds fed with 0.90% Ca was increased (P < 0.05) compared with that of birds fed with 0.70% Ca.  Birds received 0.35 or 0.40% NPP had higher final BW, ADG, and ADFI than those fed with 0.30% NPP (P < 0.05). The tibial diameter of birds fed with 0.80% Ca was increased compared with that of other groups (P < 0.05). The dietary NPP level did not affect tibial characteristics (P > 0.05). The dietary Ca level did not affect carcass traits (P > 0.05). When broilers were fed with 0.30% P, the semieviscerated percentage was increased compared with birds fed with 0.40% NPP (P < 0.05). The dietary Ca level had significant effects on the L∗ value and shear force of the breast muscle, and the dietary NPP level affected the L∗ value and drip loss of the breast muscle (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the effect of interaction between the level of Ca and NPP was observed on the L∗ and a∗ value (P < 0.05). In conclusion, dietary Ca had influence on performance, tibial characteristics, and meat quality of yellow-feathered broilers, and dietary NPP affected performance, tibial characteristics, and carcass traits. Furthermore, the effect of interaction between the dietary Ca and NPP level was observed on carcass traits and meat quality. Considering all aforementioned indicators, 0.80% Ca and 0.35% NPP were recommended for slow-growing yellow-feathered broilers aged 57 to 84 d of age.

2.
Chemosphere ; 277: 130304, 2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798965

RESUMO

Bisphenol S (BPS) acts as a xenoestrogen and disturbs the female reproductive system; however, the underlying mechanism has not been elucidated. In this study, the effect of chronic BPS exposure (1 µg/L and 100 µg/L) on ovarian lipid metabolism in zebrafish was investigated to determine its influence on adult reproductive capacity and offspring development. The results showed that long-term (240 days) exposure to BPS induced lipid accumulation in the ovaries by promoting the transport of more lipids from the circulation to the ovaries and by upregulating triacylglycerol synthesis-related genes. Significantly increased expression of cpt2, acadm, acadl, and pparα, which are involved in ß-oxidation in the ovarian mitochondria, indicated that more energy was provided for oocyte maturation in exposed zebrafish ovaries. Thus, the proportion of full-grown stage oocytes in ovaries and egg reproduction were elevated at an accelerated rate, which earlier than normal reproductive cycle (8-10 days posts pawning). Moreover, the maternally BPS-exposed F1 embryos (2 h post-spawning, hpf) showed higher neutral lipid levels, impaired hatching capacity, and increased occurrence of larval deformities. All these findings demonstrated that stimulated lipid synthesis and ß-oxidation in zebrafish ovaries significantly contribute to BPS-induced oocyte precociousness with subsequent effects on the development of unexposed offspring. This study provides new insight into the impact of xenoestrogens on oviparous reproduction in females and offspring development from the perspective of ovarian lipid metabolism.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33810934

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to internally derive and then validate risk score systems using preoperative and intraoperative variables to predict the occurrence of any-stage (stage 1, 2, 3) and stage-3 acute kidney injury (AKI) within seven days of cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Single-center, retrospective, observational study. SETTING: Single, large, tertiary care center. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients undergoing open cardiac surgery between January 1, 2012, and January 1, 2019. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The clinical data were divided into the following two groups: a derivation cohort (n = 43,799) and a validation cohort (n = 14,600). AKI was defined using the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes criteria. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to develop the prediction models. The overall prevalence of any-stage AKI and stage-3 AKI after cardiac surgery were 34.3% and 1.7%, respectively. The discriminatory ability of the any-stage AKI prediction model measured with the area under the curve (AUC) was acceptable (AUC = 0.69, 95% confidence interval 0.68-0.69), and the calibration measured with the Hosmer-Lemeshow test was good (p = 0.95). The AUC for the stage-3 AKI prediction model was 0.84 (95% confidence interval 0.83-0.85), and the Hosmer-Lemeshow test also indicated a good calibration (p = 0.73). CONCLUSIONS: This research study, which used preoperative and intraoperative variables, derived and internally validated two predictive scoring systems for any-stage AKI and stage-3 AKI as defined by modified Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes criteria using a very large cohort of Chinese cardiac surgical patients.

4.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 595: 129-141, 2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819688

RESUMO

Metal-based Fenton-like catalysts usually activate H2O2 to produce free radicals (•OH and O2•-) for the degradation of organic pollutants. However, a catalytic reaction dominated by free radicals is easily interfered with by various inorganic anions and water matrices. Herein, g-C3N4-wrapped copper phosphide (CuxP), as a highly efficient Fenton-like catalyst, was successfully synthesized by a simple low-temperature phosphidation method. The CuxP/g-C3N4 catalyst exhibited excellent catalytic ability for the removal of various organic contaminants over a wide pH range of 3-11. In addition, the catalyst exhibited strong anti-interference ability toward various inorganic anions (Cl-, SO42-, NO3-, F-, H2PO4-, HCO3- and CO32-) and water matrices (lake water, river water, tap water and simulated water matrix). The reasons for this performance were analyzed by verifying the mechanism of the catalytic reaction. Compared to the pure CuxP catalyst, the CuxP/g-C3N4 composite possessed good catalytic stability. The enhanced and deactivated mechanisms of the CuxP/g-C3N4 catalyst were systematically analyzed by a series of characterization techniques. A possible reaction mechanism was also proposed based on the experimental results. This work provides new insights into designing highly efficient metal-based Fenton-like catalysts with strong anti-interference ability to practically treat wastewater.

5.
J Int Med Res ; 49(4): 3000605211002960, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823639

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of supplemental dexmedetomidine in interventional embolism on cerebral oxygen metabolism in patients with intracranial aneurysms. METHODS: Ninety patients who underwent interventional embolism of intracranial aneurysms were equally divided into Group A and Group B. In Group A, dexmedetomidine was injected intravenously 10 minutes before inducing anesthesia, with a loading dose of 0.6 µg/kg followed by 0.4 µg/kg/hour. Group B received the same amount of normal saline by the same injection method. Heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), arterial-jugular venous oxygen difference [D(a-jv) (O2)], cerebral oxygen extraction [CE (O2)], and intraoperative propofol use were recorded before inducing anesthesia (T0) and at five time points thereafter. RESULTS: The amount of propofol in Group A was lower vs Group B. At all five time points after T0, HR, MAP, D(a-jv) (O2), and CE (O2) in Group A were significantly lower vs Group B, with significant differences for jugular venous oxygen saturation (SjvO2) and the oxygen content of the internal jugular vein (CjvO2) between the groups. CONCLUSION: Dexmedetomidine resulted in less intraoperative propofol, lower D(a-jv) (O2) and CE (O2), and improved cerebral oxygen metabolism.

6.
Sci Prog ; 104(1): 36850421998529, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33715505

RESUMO

The friction reduction mechanism of glycerol monooleate (GMO) was investigated under boundary lubrication with elevated temperature. Tribological performances were tested using reciprocating test rig by adding 5 wt.% GMO into Poly-alpha Olefin (PAO) base oil. Friction coefficient and wear were recorded during experiments. The used oil was evaluated by infrared detection after experiments. Results show that GMO could reduce friction coefficient at both low and high temperature. At elevated temperature, the friction coefficient of PAO-GMO blend climb up gradually, followed by a decrease tendency, and the wear increase gradually with temperature. The results of Quartz Crystal Microbalance show that the physical adsorption film plays the main role in friction reduction at low temperature. While at high temperature, the Infrared Spectrum and X-Ray Photoelectron Spectrum show that the GMO involves into the chemisorption with friction surface, producing Fe(OH)O and Fe3O4. The friction reduction mechanism of GMO transferred from physisorption to chemisorption, which reduced friction coefficient at both low and high temperature.

7.
Int J Psychol ; 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33739446

RESUMO

Using data collected from two provinces in China through an online survey, the current study aimed to investigate left-behind children's emotional and academic adjustment during the COVID-19 pandemic in China. The participants included 1780 left-behind (960 boys) and 1500 non-left-behind (811 boys) children in elementary and junior high school with a mean age of 11.23. Self-reported questionnaires concerning children's depression, loneliness, anxiety, and academic adjustment, and parents' coping with children's negative emotions were completed. The results suggested that compared with non-left-behind children, left-behind children's depression and anxiety symptoms were more severe and their academic adjustment was poorer. However, left-behind children had lower levels of loneliness than non-left-behind children. Additionally, supportive coping types, especially emotion-focused and problem-focused reactions, were significantly negatively correlated with children's depression and anxiety. Unsupportive coping types, especially distress and punitive reactions, were significantly positively correlated with children's depression and anxiety symptoms. Moreover, the relationships between punitive reactions and depression, ignoring and loneliness and problem-focused reactions and academic adjustment were significantly stronger in left-behind children. Hence, during the pandemic, left-behind children were still at a disadvantage even with their parents' company. However, parents' coping style towards left-behind children's negative emotions played a significant role in their adjustment.

8.
Macromol Biosci ; : e2100025, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33769670

RESUMO

pH-sensitive polyelectrolytes provide enormous opportunity for siRNA delivery. Especially, their tertiary amine structures can not only bind genes but also act as pH-sensitive hydrophobic structure to control genes release. However, the influence of molecular structures on siRNA delivery still remains elusive, especially for the asymmetric alkyl substituents of the tertiary amine groups. Herein, a library of N-methyl-N-alkyl aminoethyl methacrylate monomers (MsAM) with asymmetric alkyl substituents on the tertiary amine group is synthesized and used to prepare a series of tri-block polycationic copolymers poly(aminoethyl methacrylate)-block-poly (N-methyl-N-alkyl aminoethyl methacrylate)-block-poly(ethylene glycol methacrylate) (PAMA-PMsMA-PEG). And the properties of these polycations and their self-assembled micelles are characterized, including molecular structure, proton buffering capacity, pH-sensitivity, size, and zeta potential. With the length increase of one alkyl substituent, the proton buffering capacity of both monomers and polycations is demonstrated to be narrowed down. The siRNA delivery efficiency and cytotoxicity of these micelles are also evaluated on HepG2 cells. In particular, poly(aminoethyl methacrylate)-block-poly(N-methyl-N-ethyl aminoethyl methacrylate)-block-poly(ethylene glycol methacrylate) (PAMA-PMEMA-PEG) elicited the best luciferase knockdown efficiency and low cytotoxicity. Besides, PAMA-PMEMA-PEG/siRRM2 also induced significant anti-tumor activity in vitro. These results indicated PAMA-PMEMA-PEG has potential for further use in the design of gene vehicles with the improved efficiency of siRNA delivery.

9.
Mod Pathol ; 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33692446

RESUMO

WHO 2016 classified glioblastomas into IDH-mutant and IDH-wildtype with the former having a better prognosis but there was no study on IDH-mutant primary glioblastomas only, as previous series included secondary glioblastomas. We recruited a series of 67 IDH-mutant primary glioblastomas/astrocytoma IV without a prior low-grade astrocytoma and examined them using DNA-methylation profiling, targeted sequencing, RNA sequencing and TERT promoter sequencing, and correlated the molecular findings with clinical parameters. The median OS of 39.4 months of 64 cases and PFS of 25.9 months of 57 cases were better than the survival data of IDH-wildtype glioblastomas and IDH-mutant secondary glioblastomas retrieved from datasets. The molecular features often seen in glioblastomas, such as EGFR amplification, combined +7/-10, and TERT promoter mutations were only observed in 6/53 (11.3%), 4/53 (7.5%), and 2/67 (3.0%) cases, respectively, and gene fusions were found only in two cases. The main mechanism for telomere maintenance appeared to be alternative lengthening of telomeres as ATRX mutation was found in 34/53 (64.2%) cases. In t-SNE analyses of DNA-methylation profiles, with an exceptional of one case, a majority of our cases clustered to IDH-mutant high-grade astrocytoma subclass (40/53; 75.5%) and the rest to IDH-mutant astrocytoma subclass (12/53; 22.6%). The latter was also enriched with G-CIMP high cases (12/12; 100%). G-CIMP-high status and MGMT promoter methylation were independent good prognosticators for OS (p = 0.022 and p = 0.002, respectively) and TP53 mutation was an independent poor prognosticator (p = 0.013) when correlated with other clinical parameters. Homozygous deletion of CDKN2A/B was not correlated with OS (p = 0.197) and PFS (p = 0.278). PDGFRA amplification or mutation was found in 16/59 (27.1%) of cases and was correlated with G-CIMP-low status (p = 0.010). Aside from the three well-known pathways of pathogenesis in glioblastomas, chromatin modifying and mismatch repair pathways were common aberrations (88.7% and 20.8%, respectively), the former due to high frequency of ATRX involvement. We conclude that IDH-mutant primary glioblastomas have better prognosis than secondary glioblastomas and have major molecular differences from other commoner glioblastomas. G-CIMP subgroups, MGMT promoter methylation, and TP53 mutation are useful prognostic adjuncts.

10.
Langmuir ; 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33705652

RESUMO

Supported Au catalysts are widely used for CO oxidation due to their extremely high activity, and the modification of a support structure is a crucial method to improve catalytic performance. Herein, we prepared gold catalysts supported on flaky TiO2 and on TiO2 hydrogenated at different temperatures (200, 400, and 600 °C). We found that the sample with the support pretreated in hydrogen at 600 °C (0.5Au/TiO2-H600) showed the greatest advantages in activity and stability over the sample with as-prepared TiO2 nanosheets (0.5Au/TiO2-UC). First, calcination at 600 °C changed the exposed surface of TiO2 from {001} to {101}, and gold nanoparticles (2-3 nm) were observed as highly reactive species on 0.5Au/TiO2-H600. Moreover, the increase of oxygen vacancies on the surface of 0.5Au/TiO2-H600 was conducive to oxygen activation and promoted the catalytic activity. Therefore, we emphasized the important role of the support and gave an effective method to improve the catalytic performance by regulating the support structure.

11.
J Neurochem ; 2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33655503

RESUMO

The newly identified pyroglutamylated RFamide peptide (QRFP) signaling system has been shown to be implicated in regulating a variety of physiological processes. G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are preferentially N-glycosylated on extracellular domains. The human QRFP receptor QRFPR (GPR103) possesses three N-glycosylation consensus sites, two located on the N-terminal domain (N5 and N19) and one on the first extracellular loop (ECL1) (N106); however, to date, their role in QRFPR expression and signaling has not been established. Here, we combined mutants with glutamine substitution of the critical asparagines of the consensus sites with glycosidase PNGase F and N-glycosylation inhibitor tunicamycin to study the effect of N-glycosylation in the regulation of QRFPR cell surface expression and signaling. Western blot analysis performed with site-directed mutagenesis revealed that two asparagines at N19 in the N-terminus and N106 in ECL1, but not N5 in the N-terminus, served as sites for N-glycosylation. Treatment with PNGase F and tunicamycin resulted in a reduction in both two-protein species, ~43 kDa and ~85 kDa in size, by 2-4 kDa. Analysis with confocal microscopy and quantitative ELISA showed that N-glycosylation of QRFPR is not essentially required for targeting the cell membrane. However, further binding assay and functional assays demonstrated that removal of N-glycosylation sequons or treatment with tunicamycin led to significant impairments in the interaction of receptor with QRFP26 and downstream signaling. Thus, our findings suggest that for the human QRFP receptor (QRFPR), N-glycosylation is not important for cell surface expression but is a pre-requisite for ligand binding and receptor activation.

12.
Am J Rhinol Allergy ; : 19458924211002604, 2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33726554

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Histamine H1 receptor (H1R) antagonists are the first-line drugs for the treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR) at present. Emerging evidence supports an important role of histamine H4 receptor (H4R) in allergic diseases. However, information regarding the effects of combined treatment with H1 and H4 receptor antagonists in AR is limited. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the effects of combined treatment with H1R and H4R antagonists on Th2 inflammatory responses in the nasal mucosa of AR rats. METHODS: Sprague Dawley rats were sensitized with ovalbumin and treated with H1R antagonist desloratadine or/and H4R antagonist JNJ7777120. Western blotting was used to assay the phenotypic markers of mature dendritic cells in the nasal mucosa, including major histocompatibility complex class II (MHC-II) and co-stimulatory molecules CD80, CD86 and OX40 ligand (OX40L). Th2 inflammatory cytokines including interleukin-4, 5 and 13 in nasal lavage fluids were determined by using enzyme-linked immunoassay. RESULTS: The treatment with desloratadine alone down-regulated the CD86 expression, and decreased the production of Th2 cytokines, but had no impact on the expression of MHC-II, CD80 and OX40L. The administration of NJ7777120 alone reduced the levels of CD86, OX40L and Th2 cytokines, whereas MHC-II and CD80 expression was unaffected. The combination of desloratadine and JNJ7777120 showed more significant synergistic therapeutic effects than monotherapy. CONCLUSION: H4R antagonist acted synergistically with H1R antagonist to reduce Th2 inflammatory responses by down-regulating CD86 and OX40L expression in the nasal mucosa of AR rats. The combination with H1R and H4R antagonists might be a new strategy for AR treatment.

13.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(4)2021 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33670015

RESUMO

MgO-doped LiNbO3 (LN:Mg) is famous for its high resistance to optical damage, but this phenomenon only occurs in visible and infrared regions, and its photorefraction is not decreased but enhanced in ultraviolet region. Here we investigated a series of ZrO2 co-doped LN:Mg (LN:Mg,Zr) regarding their ultraviolet photorefractive properties. The optical damage resistance experiment indicated that the resistance against ultraviolet damage of LN:Mg was significantly enhanced with increased ZrO2 doping concentration. Moreover, first-principles calculations manifested that the enhancement of ultraviolet damage resistance for LN:Mg,Zr was mainly determined by both the increased band gap and the reduced ultraviolet photorefractive center O2-/-. So, LN:Mg,Zr crystals would become an excellent candidate for ultraviolet nonlinear optical material.

14.
Redox Biol ; : 101908, 2021 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33674250

RESUMO

miR-101-3p may play a therapeutic role in various tumours. However, its anti-tumour mechanism remains unclear, and a definitive strategy to treat tumour cells in vivo is lacking. The objective of this study was to investigate the inhibitory mechanism of miR-101-3p on tumour cells and to develop relevant nanomedicines for in vivo therapy. The expression levels of miR-101-3p and its target protein TBLR1 in tumour tissues and cells were detected, and their relationship with ferroptosis was clarified. Furthermore, the efficacy of nanocarriers in achieving in vivo therapeutic gene delivery was evaluated. Nanomedicine was further developed, with the anti-proliferative in vivo therapeutic effect validated using a subcutaneous xenograft cancer model. The expression level of miR-101-3p negatively correlated with clinical tumour size and TNM stage. miR-101-3p restores ferroptosis in tumour cells by directly targeting TBLR1, which in turn promotes apoptosis and inhibits proliferation. We developed nanomedicine that can deliver miR-101-3p to tumour cells in vivo to achieve ferroptosis recovery, as well as to inhibit in vivo tumour proliferation. The miR-101-3p/TBLR1 axis plays an important role in tumour ferroptosis. Nanopharmaceuticals that increase miR-101-3p levels may be effective therapies to inhibit tumour proliferation.

15.
Cell Death Differ ; 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33649471

RESUMO

Emerging evidence suggests that USP39 plays an important role in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the molecular mechanism by which USP39 promotes HCC progression has not been well defined, especially regarding its putative ubiquitination function. Zinc-finger E-box-binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) is a crucial inducer of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) to promote tumor proliferation and metastasis, but the regulatory mechanism of ZEB1 stability in HCC remains enigmatic. Here, we reveal that USP39 is highly expressed in human HCC tissues and correlated with poor prognosis. Moreover, USP39 depletion inhibits HCC cell proliferation and metastasis by promoting ZEB1 degradation. Intriguingly, deubiquitinase USP39 has a direct interaction with the E3 ligase TRIM26 identified by co-immunoprecipitation assays and immunofluorescence staining assays. We further demonstrate that TRIM26 is lowly expressed in human HCC tissues and inhibits HCC cell proliferation and migration. TRIM26 promotes the degradation of ZEB1 protein by ubiquitination in HCC. Deubiquitinase USP39 and E3 ligase TRIM26 function in an antagonistic pattern, but not a competitive pattern, and play key roles in controlling ZEB1 stability to determine the HCC progression. In summary, our data reveal a previously unknown mechanism that USP39 and TRIM26 balance the level of ZEB1 ubiquitination and thereby determine HCC cell proliferation and migration. This novel mechanism may provide new approaches to target treatment for inhibiting HCC development by restoring TRIM26 or suppressing USP39 expression in HCC cases with high ZEB1 protein levels.

16.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 14(3): 363-368, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33786153

RESUMO

The present work aimed to explore the prognostic values of lncRNA TC0101441 (TC0101441) in patients with gastric cancer (GC). The expression of TC0101441 in a total of 159 GC specimens and matched normal specimens was detected by quantitative RT-PCR. ROC assays were conducted to determine the diagnostic value of TC0101441 expression in GC patients. The association of TC0101441 expression with clinical characteristics of 159 patients was analyzed using chi-square test. Kaplan-Meier methods were employed to determine the prognostic value of TC0101441 expression in the survival rate of GC patients. Multivariate Cox regression assays were used to identify whether TC0101441 could be a prognostic biomarker for GC patients. We found that TC0101441 expression was significantly increased in GC specimens compared to that in the normal specimens (P < 0.01). High TC0101441 expression was correlated with lymphatic metastasis (P = 0.027) and TNM stage (P = 0.015). TC0101441 could distinguish GC specimens from adjacent normal gastric specimens with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.8082. Survival data revealed that patients with high TC0101441 expression had worse overall survival (P = 0.0009) and disease-free survival (P < 0.0001) rates than those with low TC0101441 expression. Multivariate assays showed that TC0101441 expression was an independent biomarker for GC patients. The present study suggested that TC0101441 expression was increased in GC and may be aprognostic and diagnostic biomarker for GC.

17.
Theranostics ; 11(9): 4298-4315, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33754062

RESUMO

Tumor metastasis is the leading cause of death in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been shown to be involved in cancer progression. However, the regulatory mechanisms of circRNAs involved in CRC tumor metastasis are currently unknown. Methods: High-throughput sequencing was performed on 6 pairs of CRC and adjacent normal tissues to identify the expression profiles of mRNA and circRNA. circ1662 was assessed by RNA-ISH and IHC of a tissue chip. The function of circ1662 in CRC was evaluated by knocking down or overexpressing circ1662. MeRIP-qPCR, RIP-qPCR, and RNA pull-down were performed to determine the relationship between METTL3, circ1662, and YAP1. Results: A novel circRNA, circ1662, exhibited significantly higher expression in CRC tissues than paired normal tissues. High circ1662 expression was correlated with poor prognosis and tumor depth in patients with CRC. Functionally, circ1662 promoted CRC cell invasion and migration by controlling EMT in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, circ1662 directly bound to YAP1 and accelerated its nuclear accumulation to regulate the SMAD3 pathway. Additionally, circ1662 enhanced CRC invasion and migration depending on YAP1 and SMAD3. Interestingly, METTL3 induced circ1662 expression by binding its flanking sequences and installing m6A modifications. Clinically, circ1662 expression strongly correlated with METTL3 and YAP1 protein expression. Moreover, YAP1 expression was negatively correlated with SMAD3 expression. Conclusions: METTL3-induced circ1662 promoted CRC cell invasion and migration by accelerating YAP1 nuclear transport. This result implies that circ1662 is a new prognostic and therapeutic marker for CRC metastasis.

18.
Dalton Trans ; 50(11): 4017-4027, 2021 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33660718

RESUMO

Zinc-vanadium oxides have been attracting increasing consideration as anode materials for lithium/sodium-ion batteries (LIBs and SIBs) recently. Present applications are hampered by issues, including their inferior electric conductivity and enormous volume variation. Herein, nitrogen-doped carbon wrapped Zn3V3O8 (Zn3V3O8/NC) microspheres composed of abundant nanosheets were developed as an anode material by a self-assembly strategy and subsequent surface decoration. The resulting Zn3V3O8/NC porous hybrid exhibited a high specific capacity, impressive rate capability, and long-term cycling stability for both LIBs and SIBs. Notably, the superior electrochemical properties could be assigned to novel meso/microporous features, hybrid nitrogen-doped carbon, and mixed storage mechanisms.

19.
Mol Ecol Resour ; 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33709555

RESUMO

Scale insects are hemimetabolous, showing "incomplete" metamorphosis and no true pupal stage. Ericerus pela, commonly known as the white wax scale insect (hereafter, WWS), is a wax-producing insect found in Asia and Europe. WWS displays dramatic sexual dimorphism, with notably different metamorphic fates in males and females. Males develop into winged adults, while females are neotenic and maintain a nymph-like appearance, which are flightless and remain stationary. Here, we report the de novo assembly of the WWS genome with a size of 638.30 Mbp (69.68 Mbp for scaffold N50) by PacBio sequencing and Hi-C. These data allowed us to perform a robust phylogenetic analysis comprising 24,923 gene orthogroups from 16 representative insect genomes. This analysis indicated that holometabola evolved from insects with incomplete metamorphosis in the Late Carboniferous, about 50 million years earlier than previously thought. To study the distinct developmental fates of males and females, we analysed the methylome landscape in either sex. Surprisingly, WWS displayed high methylation levels (4.42% for males) when compared to other insects. We observed differential methylation patterns in males and females for genes involved in steroid and sesquiterpenoid production as well as genes acting in fatty acid metabolism pathways. We measured titre profiles for ecdysone, the principal insect steroid hormone, and juvenile hormone (a sesquiterpenoid) in both males and females, which suggested that these hormones are the primary drivers of sexually dimorphic development. Our results provide a comprehensive genomic and epigenomic resource of scale insects that provide new insights into the evolution of metamorphosis and sexual dimorphism in insects.

20.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 173: 108702, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609619

RESUMO

AIMS: This research aimed to investigate the effects of high glucose (HG) on the innate immunity of podocytes and diabetic nephropathy (DN) mice via Toll like receptor (TLR) signaling, and explore the protective effectsof human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (HUC-MSCs) on this process. METHODS: HUC-MSCs obtained from human umbilical cord were cocultured with podocytes and transplanted into DN mice. Flow cytometry, CCK-8assay, ELISA, western blot analysis, periodicacid-schiff, masson, immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence staining was used to detect the inflammation, TLR signaling, physical, biochemical and morphological parameters in podocytes and DN mice. RESULTS: HG reduced the viability of podocytes, activated TLR2 and TLR4 signaling pathway and increased the expression of inflammatory cytokines such as IL-6, IL-1ß, TNF-α, and MCP-1 in podocytes and DN mice. However, HUC-MSCs decreased the inflammation and restrained the TLR signaling pathway caused by HG in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore the rhHGF decreased the expression of TLR2 and TLR4 while the blockade of HGF increased the expression of TLR2 and TLR4 in podocytes. CONCLUSIONS: HUC-MSCs have benefits to the podocytes under HG and the progression of DN by inhibiting TLR signaling pathway and depressing the inflammation. HUC-MSCs may be a therapeutic strategy for treating patients with DN.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...