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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668060

RESUMO

.All-polymer solar cells (all-PSCs) can offer unique merits of high morphological stability to thermal and mechanical stress. To realize its full potential as flexible or wearable devices, it is highly desirable that the all-PSCs can be fabricated from green solvent with simple post-treatment to avoid thermal annealing on flexible substrate. This proposed a severely challenge on material design to tune their properties with suitable solubility, aggregation, and morphology. To address this challenge, here, a simple bicomponent-random approach on a D-A-type polymer donor was developed by just varying the D-A molar ratio. Under this approach, a series of new random polymers PBDTa-TPDb with different molar ratio of D component of 2D-benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene (BDT) and A component of thieno[3,4-c]pyrrole-4,6-dione (TPD) were designed and synthesized. The energy levels, light absorption, solubility and packing structure of random donors PBDTa-TPDb were found to vary substantially with the various D-A molar ratio. The devices based PBDTa-TPDb/P(NDI2HD-T) were fabricated to explore the synergistic effects of processing solvent and composition of D-A-type random polymers. The results show that nanoscale morphology, balanced miscibility/crystallinity of blend and photovoltaic properties could be rationally optimized by tuning the composition of random donors. As a result, as-cast all-PSC based optimal donor PBDT5-TPD4 achieves a best power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 8.20% processed from green solvent, which performs better than that based reference polymer (PCE: 6.41%). This efficiency is the highest value for all-PSCs from BDT-TPD-based donors. Moreover, the optimized devices exhibited relatively insensitive to the thickness of the active layer and good stability.

2.
Dalton Trans ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670740

RESUMO

Herein, ten new linear-shaped LnIII4 and LnIII6 clusters, with the formula [Ln4(acac)6L2(CH3O)2(CH3OH)4]·xCH3OH (Ln = Nd (1), Sm (2), Eu (3), Gd (4), Tb (5), Dy (6), and Tm (8), Hacac = acetylacetone), [Ln6(acac)4L4(CH3O)6]·xCH3OH (Er (7) and Yb (9)), and [Lu4(acac)6L2(OH)2]·2CH2Cl2 (10), based on a polydentate Schiff base ligand, H2L, and a ß-diketone co-ligand were successfully synthesized and structurally characterized. Single crystal X-ray diffraction measurements reveal that the structures of the clusters 1-6, 8 and 10 are very similar and their central Ln(iii) ions are linearly arranged Ln4; however, the clusters 7 and 9 possess a rare linearly arranged Ln6. The investigations on the solid-state fluorescence properties show that the clusters 2, 3, 5 and 6 display the characteristic lanthanum luminescence at room temperature. Magnetic studies reveal that weak antiferromagnetic interactions exist between adjacent Gd(iii) ions in cluster 4. More importantly, the cluster 4 exhibits significant MCE with the maximum -ΔSm value of 27.96 J kg-1 K-1 at 2.0 K and 7.0 T, whereas the cluster 6 displays a slow magnetic relaxation behavior under a zero dc field with the effective energy barrier ΔE/kB = 8.64 K and τ0 = 6.98 × 10-6 s.

3.
Drug Chem Toxicol ; : 1-8, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665937

RESUMO

Salusin-α is a bioactive peptide that protects against atherosclerosis and hepatosteatosis. Serum salusin-α level is declined in patients suffering with renal insufficiency. However, it is still undefined whether salusin-α plays a role in diabetic nephropathy. The present study was designed to investigate the potential roles of salusin-α in diabetic renal disease. Herein, we demonstrated that the salusin-α levels in both plasma and kidney tissues from diabetic rats were obviously downregulated. Exogenous administration of salusin-α eliminated the typical characteristics of diabetic nephropathy. Salusin-α treatment decreased renal fibrosis, which was related with reduced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of renal tubular epithelial cells. Injection of salusin-α suppressed the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) via attenuation of NADPH oxidase subunits protein expressions and recovery of the antioxidant system. Mechanistically, the activated Akt/mTORC1/p70S6K signaling pathway in diabetic nephropathy was counteracted by salusin-α treatment. Our results demonstrated that salusin-α exerted protective effect against diabetic nephropathy via reduced oxidative stress and fibrosis, dependent on inactivation of the Akt/mTORC1/p70S6K signaling cascade. Salusin-α may be considered as a promising target for the treatment of diabetic nephropathy.

4.
Future Oncol ; 15(30): 3467-3481, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580723

RESUMO

Aim: Cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer mortality in women. Peripheral white blood cell parameters such as neutrophil (NE), eosinophil (EO), basophil (BA), as well as lymphocyte (LY) and monocyte (MO), are correlated with tumor outcomes. Methods: In total, 110 cervical squamous cell carcinoma patients were recruited in this study. The potential prognostic factors were evaluated by univariate and multivariate survival analysis. Results: Cox regression analysis model indicated that higher pretreatment EO level and increased post-/preradiotherapy EO ratio were independently associated with worse progression-free survival. Lower pretreatment LY or higher EO levels and increased post-/preradiotherapy EO ratio were independently associated with worse overall survival. Conclusion: LY and EO are correlated with outcomes of cervical squamous cell cancer.

5.
Front Immunol ; 10: 2316, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31636638

RESUMO

The glycocalyx is a dense layer of carbohydrate chains involved in numerous and fundamental biological processes, such as cellular and tissue homeostasis, inflammation and disease development. Composed of membrane-bound glycoproteins, sulfated proteoglycans and glycosaminoglycan side-chains, this structure is particularly essential for blood vascular barrier functions and leukocyte diapedesis. Interestingly, whilst the glycocalyx of blood vascular endothelium has been extensively studied, little is known about the composition and function of this glycan layer present on tissue-associated lymphatic vessels (LVs). Here, we applied confocal microscopy to characterize the composition of endothelial glycocalyx of initial lymphatic capillaries in murine cremaster muscles during homeostatic and inflamed conditions using an anti-heparan sulfate (HS) antibody and a panel of lectins recognizing different glycan moieties of the glycocalyx. Our data show the presence of HS, α-D-galactosyl moieties, α2,3-linked sialic acids and, to a lesser extent, N-Acetylglucosamine moieties. A similar expression profile was also observed for LVs of mouse and human skins. Interestingly, inflammation of mouse cremaster tissues or ear skin as induced by TNF-stimulation induced a rapid (within 16 h) remodeling of the LV glycocalyx, as observed by reduced expression of HS and galactosyl moieties, whilst levels of α2,3-linked sialic acids remains unchanged. Furthermore, whilst this response was associated with neutrophil recruitment from the blood circulation and their migration into tissue-associated LVs, specific neutrophil depletion did not impact LV glycocalyx remodeling. Mechanistically, treatment with a non-anticoagulant heparanase inhibitor suppressed LV HS degradation without impacting neutrophil migration into LVs. Interestingly however, inhibition of glycocalyx degradation reduced the capacity of initial LVs to drain interstitial fluid during acute inflammation. Collectively, our data suggest that rapid remodeling of endothelial glycocalyx of tissue-associated LVs supports drainage of fluid and macromolecules but has no role in regulating neutrophil trafficking out of inflamed tissues via initial LVs.

6.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 71(5): 792-798, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646333

RESUMO

Aberrant oxidative metabolism in cells is one of the hallmarks of cancer. Overproduction of reactive species promotes carcinogenesis by inducing genetic mutations and activating oncogenic pathways, and thus, antioxidant therapy is considered as an important strategy for cancer prevention and treatment. Caveolin-1 (Cav-1), a constituent protein of caveolae, is involved in not only the formation of the caveolae, vesicular transport, maintaining cholesterol homeostasis directly, but also many cellular physiological and pathological processes including growth, regulation of mitochondrial antioxidant level, apoptosis and carcinomas by interacting with a lot of signaling molecules through caveolin scaffolding domain. Cav-1 has also been shown to mediate tumor genesis and progression through oxidative stress modulation, while Cav-1-targeted treatment could scavenge the reactive species. Intracellular reactive species could modulate the expression, degradation, post-translational modifications and membrane trafficking of Cav-1. More importantly, emerging evidence has indicated that multiple antioxidants could exert antitumor activities in cancer cells by modulating the signaling of Cav-1. This paper reviewed the research progresses on the roles of Cav-1 and oxidative stress in tumorigenesis and development, and would provide new insights on designing strategies for cancer prevention or treatment.

7.
Psychol Assess ; 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647255

RESUMO

Both the dynamic goal theory of marital satisfaction and the suffocation model of marriage argue that whether people are satisfied with their marriage largely depends on their marital goals. However, the lack of a validated measure has greatly limited empirical investigations about marital goals. The current study developed the Marital Goal Scale (MGS) using Rasch modeling. We provided evidence for the validity of the scale scores and confirmed its factorial structure using confirmatory factor analysis. The MGS contains 3 subscales assessing personal growth, instrumental, and companionship goals, respectively. The functioning of each subscale with a 4-point rating scale was supported by Rasch modeling in a married sample (from Hong Kong and the United States) and an unmarried sample (from Hong Kong). The discriminant and convergent validity of the subscale scores were supported in both samples. Major assumptions of the dynamic goal theory were also examined and partially supported. The MGS provides a useful tool to support empirical research about marital goals. Future studies are encouraged to utilize this tool to further investigate the important role of marital goals in marital dynamics. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).

8.
Asian J Surg ; 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31653553

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is a collection of molecularly and clinically distinct neoplastic disease. Recent research has shown the information regarding gene expression in breast cancer could be beneficial in the designing of an optimal treatment plan and may also provide with prognostic information. The creation of tissue microarrays (TMA) allows for the rapid immunohistochemical analysis of thousands of tissue samples in parallel with minimal damage to the original blocks. This study was designed with the application of tissue microarray (TMA) to analyze the afamin status in breast cancer with the hope of elucidating the possible relationship between afamin expressions and breast cancer. METHODS: Archival tissue specimens from 106 patients with primary invasive breast cancer were analyzed for afamin expression by immunhistochemical staining with TMA. Results were compared to clinicopathologic data by multivariate analysis. RESULTS: TNM stage has shown significant relationship to the overall 5-year survival rate. However, afamin expression was not significantly related to overall five-year survival. CONCLUSION: Immunohistochemical staining with TMA was convenient and feasible for analyzing afamin expression status in breast cancer. Our preliminary results show that afamin expression showed no significant prognostic value in breast cancer.

9.
Int J Surg ; 71: 140-148, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568844

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite increasing evidence demonstrated robot-assisted distal gastrectomy (RADG) is safe and feasible for the treatment of advanced gastric cancer (AGC), robot-assisted total gastrectomy (RATG) remains a challenging procedure due to its technical difficulties and possible postoperative complications (POCs). This study aimed to systematically evaluate POCs following RATG. METHODS: Between January 2017 and January 2019, 319 AGC patients with pathological stage T2-4aN0-3M0 who underwent RADG or RATG were enrolled. POCs were stratified using the Clavien-Dindo classification. One-to-one propensity score matching was performed to reduce confounding differences. RESULTS: After matching, 266 patients met the criteria for further analysis. Ultimately, 64 patients (24.1%) who developed POCs had 126 clinical manifestation events. Overall the POCs rate was significantly greater after RATG in comparison with RADG (29.3% vs. 18.8%; P = 0.045), and more major POCs (Clavien-Dindo grade ≥ IIIa) were observed in the RATG group (14.3% vs. 5.3%; P = 0.013). The POCs were then classified into local and systemic POCs. The rates of local POCs (35.3% vs. 19.5%; P = 0.004) and systemic POCs (24.8% vs. 15.0%; P = 0.046) were significantly higher in the RATG group than the RADG group. Subgroup analysis showed that the anastomotic leakage rate was higher after RATG (5.3% vs. 0.8%; P = 0.031), whereas the remaining POCs were similar between the two groups. Patients with higher POCs significantly had longer postoperative length of stay (R = 0.895, P = 0.003). Multivariate analysis confirmed age, extent of resection, and TNM stage were risk factors for all POCs. CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrated that RATG is technically feasible and safe for treatment of AGC with acceptable morbidity and mortality rates. The POCs rate of RATG was higher than RADG, especially for anastomotic leakage. More effective anastomotic techniques are needed in RATG to prevent leakage.

10.
Curr Med Sci ; 39(5): 748-753, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612392

RESUMO

Although several studies confirmed that berberine may attenuate airway inflammation in mice with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), its underlying mechanisms were not clear until now. We aimed to establish an experiment mouse model for COPD and to investigate the effects of berberine on airway inflammation and its possible mechanism in COPD model mice induced by cigarette smoke extract (CSE). Twenty SPF C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into PBS control group, COPD model group, low-dose berberine group and high-dose berberine group, 5 mice in each group. The neutrophils and macrophages were examined by Wright's staining. The levels of inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-6 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The expression levels of TGF-ß1, Smad2 and Smad3 mRNA and proteins in lung tissues were respectively detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. It was found that CSE increased the number of inflammation cells in BALF, elevated lung inflammation scores, and enhanced the TGF-ß1/Smads signaling activity in mice. High-dose berberine restrained the alterations in the COPD mice induced by CSE. It was concluded that high-dose berberine ameliorated CSE-induced airway inflammation in COPD mice. TGF-ß1/Smads signaling pathway might be involved in the mechanism. These findings suggested a therapeutic potential of high-dose berberine on the CSE-induced airway inflammation.

11.
Curr Med Sci ; 39(5): 843-851, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612406

RESUMO

Throughout the duration of the New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS), it was found that an increasing number of rural patients were seeking out-of-county medical treatment, which posed a great burden on the NCMS fund. Our study was conducted to examine the prevalence of out-of-county hospitalizations and its related factors, and to provide a scientific basis for follow-up health insurance policies. A total of 215 counties in central and western China from 2008 to 2016 were selected. The total out-of-county hospitalization rate in nine years was 16.95%, which increased from 12.37% in 2008 to 19.21% in 2016 with an average annual growth rate of 5.66%. Its related expenses and compensations were shown to increase each year, with those in the central region being higher than those in the western region. Stepwise logistic regression reveals that the increase in out-of-county hospitalization rate was associated with region (X1), rural population (X2), per capita per year net income (X3), per capita gross domestic product (GDP) (X4), per capita funding amount of NCMS (X5), compensation ratio of out-of-county hospitalization cost (X6), per time average in-county (X7) and out-of-county hospitalization cost (X8). According to Bayesian network (BN), the marginal probability of high out-of-county hospitalization rate was as high as 81.7%. Out-of-county hospitalizations were directly related to X8, X3, X4 and X6. The probability of high out-of-county hospitalization obtained based on hospitalization expenses factors, economy factors, regional characteristics and NCMS policy factors was 95.7%, 91.1%, 93.0% and 88.8%, respectively. And how these factors affect out-of-county hospitalization and their interrelationships were found out. Our findings suggest that more attention should be paid to the influence mechanism of these factors on out-of-county hospitalizations, and the increase of hospitalizations outside the county should be reasonably supervised and controlled and our results will be used to help guide the formulation of proper intervention policies.

12.
J Hematol Oncol ; 12(1): 103, 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623653

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) represent a type of endogenous noncoding RNAs that are generated by back-splicing events and favor repetitive sequences. Recent studies have reported that cancer-associated chromosomal translocations could juxtapose distant complementary repetitive intronic sequences, resulting in the aberrant formation of circRNAs. However, among the reported fusion genes, only a small number of circRNAs were found to originate from fusion regions during gene translocation. We question if circRNAs could also originate from fusion partners during gene translocation. METHODS: Firstly, we designed divergent primers for qRT-PCR to identify a circRNA circAF4 in AF4 gene and investigated the expression pattern in different types of leukemia samples. Secondly, we designed two small interfering RNAs specially targeting the back-spliced junction point of circAF4 for functional studies. CCK8 cell proliferation and cell cycle assay were performed, and a NOD-SCID mouse model was used to investigate the contribution of circAF4 in leukemogenesis. Finally, luciferase reporter assay, AGO2 RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP), and RNA Fluorescent in Situ Hybridization (FISH) were performed to confirm the relationship of miR-128-3p, circAF4, and MLL-AF4 expression. RESULTS: We discovered a circRNA, named circAF4, originating from the AF4 gene, a partner of the MLL fusion gene in MLL-AF4 leukemia. We showed that circAF4 plays an oncogenic role in MLL-AF4 leukemia and promotes leukemogenesis in vitro and in vivo. More importantly, knockdown of circAF4 increases the leukemic cell apoptosis rate in MLL-AF4 leukemia cells, while no effect was observed in leukemia cells that do not carry the MLL-AF4 translocation. Mechanically, circAF4 can act as a miR-128-3p sponge, thereby releasing its inhibition on MLL-AF4 expression. We finally analyzed most of the MLL fusion genes loci and found that a number of circRNAs could originate from these partners, suggesting the potential roles of fusion gene partner-originating circRNAs (named as FP-circRNAs) in leukemia with chromosomal translocations. CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrate that the abnormal elevated expression of circAF4 regulates the cell growth via the circAF4/miR-128-3p/MLL-AF4 axis, which could contribute to leukemogenesis, suggesting that circAF4 may be a novel therapeutic target of MLL-AF4 leukemia.

13.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4762, 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628310

RESUMO

Optical super-resolution microscopy allows nanoscale imaging of protein molecules in intact biological tissues. However, it is still challenging to perform large volume super-resolution imaging for entire animal organs. Here we develop a single-wavelength Bessel lightsheet method, optimized for refractive-index matching with clarified specimens to overcome the aberrations encountered in imaging thick tissues. Using spontaneous blinking fluorophores to label proteins of interest, we resolve the morphology of most, if not all, dopaminergic neurons in the whole adult brain (3.64 × 107 µm3) of Drosophila melanogaster at the nanometer scale with high imaging speed (436 µm3 per second) for localization. Quantitative single-molecule localization reveals the subcellular distribution of a monoamine transporter protein in the axons of a single, identified serotonergic Dorsal Paired Medial (DPM) neuron. Large datasets are obtained from imaging one brain per day to provide a robust statistical analysis of these imaging data.

14.
Acta Crystallogr C Struct Chem ; 75(Pt 10): 1344-1352, 2019 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589150

RESUMO

A novel modified polyoxometalate, {PMo12O40[Cu(2,2'-bpy)]}[Cu(2,2'-bpy)(en)(H2O)]2 [2,2'-bpy is 2,2'-bipyridyl (C10H8N2) and en is ethylenediamine (C2H8N2)], has been synthesized hydrothermally and structurally characterized by elemental analysis, TG, IR, XPS and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The structural analysis reveals that the compound contains the reduced Keggin polyanion [PMo12O40]6- as the parent unit, which is monocapped by [Cu(2,2'-bpy)]2+ fragments via four bridging O atoms on an {Mo4O4} pit and bi-supported by two [Cu(2,2'-bpy)(en)(H2O)]2+ coordination cations simultaneously. There exist strong intramolecular π-π stacking between the capping and supporting units, which play a stabilizing role during the crystallization of the compound. Adjacent POM clusters are further aggregated to form a three-dimensional supramolecular network through noncovalent forces, hydrogen bonding and π-π stacking interactions. In addition, the photocatalytic properties were investigated in detail, and the results indicated that the compound can be used as a photocatalyst towards the decomposition of the organic pollutant methylene blue (MB).

15.
Glob Chang Biol ; 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596019

RESUMO

Arctic and boreal ecosystems play an important role in the global carbon (C) budget, and whether they act as a future net C sink or source depends on climate and environmental change. Here we used complementary in situ measurements, model simulations, and satellite observations to investigate the net carbon dioxide (CO2 ) seasonal cycle and its climatic and environmental controls across Alaska and northwestern Canada during the anomalously warm winter to spring conditions of 2015 and 2016 (relative to 2010-2014). In the warm spring, we found that photosynthesis was enhanced more than respiration, leading to greater CO2 uptake. However, photosynthetic enhancement from spring warming was partially offset by greater ecosystem respiration during the preceding anomalously warm winter, resulting in nearly neutral effects on the annual net CO2 balance. Eddy covariance CO2 flux measurements showed that air temperature has a primary influence on net CO2 exchange in winter and spring, while soil moisture has a primary control on net CO2 exchange in the fall. The net CO2 exchange was generally more moisture limited in the boreal region than in the Arctic tundra. Our analysis indicates complex seasonal interactions of underlying C cycle processes in response to changing climate and hydrology that may not manifest in changes in net annual CO2 exchange. Therefore, a better understanding of the seasonal response of C cycle processes may provide important insights for predicting future carbon - climate feedbacks and their consequences on atmospheric CO2 dynamics in the northern high latitudes.

16.
Photochem Photobiol ; 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31581340

RESUMO

The pH-insensitive beetle luciferases cloned from Rhagophthalmidae, Phengodidae, and Elateridae exhibit great potential application as reporter assays for monitoring gene expression. At present, however, only one luciferase has been reported from the enigmatic and predominantly Asian distributed luminous family Rhagophthalmidae. Here, we cloned the second rhagophthalmid luciferase from the Chinese glow-worm Menghuoius giganteus (Rhagophthalmidae: Elateroidea) by combining reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with rapid amplification of complementary DNA ends (RACE). The luciferase consisted of 546 amino acids and showed high identity to that of Rhagophthalmus ohbai (90.4%). The recombinant M. giganteus luciferase was produced in vitro and exhibited significant bioluminescent activity under neutral conditions (pH 7.8), with low KM for D-luciferin (2.2 µM) and ATP (53 µM). Activity was highest at 10 °C and inactivation occurred at 45 °C. This luciferase showed pH-insensitivity and maximum emission spectrum at 560 nm. Phylogenetic analyses based on the deduced amino acids indicated a close relationship between the M. giganteus luciferase and that of R. ohbai. These results increase our understanding of rhagophthalmid luciferases and provide a new resource for the application of luciferases.

17.
Pediatr Infect Dis J ; 38(11): 1079-1084, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568248

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is caused mostly by enteroviruses. However, other viral agents also can cause similar syndromes, and hence, the infections they cause are often misdiagnosed clinically. To determine non-enterovirus etiologic agents in HFMD-like cases, we screened enterovirus-negative samples collected from the patients who were clinically diagnosed as HFMD in China. METHODS: Two hundred enterovirus-negative samples were collected previously in Wenzhou city of Zhejiang province, China. Both high throughput sequencing and RT-PCR were used to screen viral agents. In addition, their clinical features were analyzed. RESULTS: Norovirus (NoV) and human parechovirus (HPeV) were identified from 22 (11.00%) and 9 (4.50%) samples, respectively. In addition, the complete genome sequences were recovered from 4 NoV-positive samples, and the VP1/3Dpol gene sequences were recovered from 5 HPeV-positive samples. Phylogenetic analyses of the NoV sequences revealed that they were closely related to those circulated in other regions of China. Notably, 4 genotypes of HPeVs, including HPeV-1, HPeV-4, HPeV-5 and HPeV-14, were found, indicating high genetic diversity of the virus. Frequent recombination between various genotypes was also observed in the HPeVs. Although most of the patients presented with the clinical features of HFMD, 4 patients infected with NoV GII.4 and 3 patients infected with HPeV-1 (1) and HPeV-4 (2) were characterized with diarrhea. Finally, tonsillitis, convulsion and granulocytopenia were observed in 1 NoV GII.4 patient, while liver dysfunction was found in 1 NoV GII.17 patient. CONCLUSIONS: These data reveal the variety of agents in the cases clinically diagnosed as HFMD.

18.
Int J Infect Dis ; 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31634614

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the most important pathogens that cause acute respiratory infections in children and immunocompromised adults. This work is conducted to understand the epidemiological and phylogenetic features of RSV in southern China during 2011-2016. METHODS: 16024 nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from patients with respiratory infections in 14 hospitals, and screened for RSV and other 7 respiratory viruses using real-time PCR. Totally 623 RSV positive samples from 13 hospitals were further analyzed for subtypes. G gene sequencing and phylogenetic analysis was performed based on 46 RSV-A and 15 RSV-B strains. RESULTS: RSV was detected in 9.5% of the 16024 specimens, the highest among the 8 screened respiratory viruses, most of whom were inpatient and children under 3 years. RSV-A incidence (9.4%) was higher than RSV-B (4.4%) in children (<15 years), but not in adults (0.64% vs 0.58%). The pattern of distribution was 2-year-RSV-A followed by 1-year-RSV-B dominant. Co-detection rate of RSV was 25.1%. The main prevalent genotypes were NA1, ON1 and BA9. The prevalent RSV-A genotype in 2011-2012 was NA1 close to Chongqing and Brazil, but a new Hongkong ON1 genotype was introduced and became the prevalent genotype in Guangzhou in 2014-2015. Deduced amino acid sequence analysis confirmed the ongoing evolution and a high selection pressure of RSV-A and B strains, especially in RSV-A ON1 and NA1 genotypes. CONCLUSIONS: This work demonstrates the molecular epidemiological characteristics of RSV in patients with respiratory infections in southern China.

19.
Oncol Rep ; 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638237

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been confirmed to be potential prognostic markers in a variety of cancers and to interact with microRNAs (miRNAs) as competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) to regulate target gene expression. However, the role of lncRNA­mediated ceRNAs in breast cancer (BC) remains unclear. In the present study, a ceRNA network was generated to explore their role in BC. The expression profiles of mRNAs, miRNAs and lncRNAs in 1,109 BC tissues and 113 normal breast tissues were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas database (TCGA). A total of 3,198 differentially expressed (DE) mRNAs, 150 differentially DEmiRNAs and 1,043 DElncRNAs were identified between BC and normal tissues. A lncRNA­miRNA­mRNA network associated with BC was successfully constructed based on the combined data obtained from RNA databases, and comprised 97 lncRNA nodes, 24 miRNA nodes and 74 mRNA nodes. The biological functions of the 74 DEmRNAs were further investigated by Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis. The results demonstrated that the DEmRNAs were significantly enriched in two GO biological process categories; the main biological process enriched term was 'positive regulation of GTPase activity'. By KEGG analysis, four key enriched pathways were obtained, including the 'MAPK signaling pathway', the 'Ras signaling pathway', 'prostate cancer', and the 'FoxO signaling pathway'. Kaplan­Meier survival analysis revealed that six DElncRNAs (INC AC112721.1, LINC00536, MIR7­3HG, ADAMTS9­AS1, AL356479.1 and LINC00466), nine DEmRNAs (KPNA2, RACGAP1, SHCBP1, ZNF367, NTRK2, ORS1, PTGS2, RASGRP1 and SFRP1) and two DEmiRNAs (hsa­miR­301b and hsa­miR­204) had significant effects on overall survival in BC. The present results demonstrated the aberrant expression of INC AC112721.1, AL356479.1, LINC00466 and MIR7­3HG in BC, indicating their potential prognostic role in patients with BC.

20.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638425

RESUMO

A novel hexanorditerpenoid, hedychin C (1), and a new diterpenoid, hedychin D (2), were isolated from the rhizomes of Hedychium forrestii. Their structures and absolute configurations were unambiguously established by means of extensive spectroscopic data (IR, UV, HRMS, and NMR) and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. This is the first report of naturally occurring labdane-type hexanorditerpenoid. Compound 1 was proved to have moderate cytotoxicity against XWLC-05 cell line with an IC50 value of 53.6 µM.

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