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1.
Int J Biol Sci ; 16(4): 655-670, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32025213

RESUMO

The main pathogenesis of steroid-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head (SONFH) includes decreased osteogenic capacity of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and damaged blood supply to the femoral head. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to play prominent roles in SONFH development. However, there is no report that a specific miRNA targeting two genes in two different pathogenic pathways has been applied to this disease. The present study investigated the effects of transplantation of miR-137-3p-silenced BMSCs on the prevention and early treatment of SONFH. First, western blotting and dual luciferase assays were employed to verify that miR-137-3p directly targets Runx2 and CXCL12. Then, silencing of miR-137-3p was found to facilitate osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs, which was confirmed by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining, alizarin red staining and qRT-PCR. Silencing of miR-137-3p also promoted angiogenesis by human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in the presence or absence of glucocorticoids. Thereafter, overexpression of Runx2 and CXCL12 without the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) partially rescued the effects of miR-137-3p on osteogenesis and angiogenesis, respectively. This finding further supported the hypothesis that miR-137-3p exerts its functions partly by regulating the genes, Runx2 and CXCL12. We also demonstrated that SONFH was partially prevented by transplantation of miR-137-3p-silenced BMSCs into a rat model. Micro-CT and histology showed that the transplantation of miR-137-3p-silenced BMSCs significantly improved bone regeneration. Additionally, the results of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) and flow cytometry suggested that stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) participated in the process of vascular repair. Taken together, these findings show that silencing of miR-137-3p directly targets the genes, Runx2 and CXCL12, which can play critical roles in SONFH repair by facilitating osteogenic differentiation and mobilizing EPCs.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 704: 135356, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31896225

RESUMO

Removal of oil from water is highly imperative, because of the worldwide oil-contaminated water caused by industrial development and oil spill accidents. As a solution to meet the demand for clean energy technology, photocatalysis has drawn great attention recently. However, a major problem encountered in photodegrading oil is the difficult availability of oil by photocatalyst. To overcome this problem, a novel concept of integrating Pickering emulsification of palygorskite (PAL) clay particles with photocatalytic activity of Ag3PO4 is proposed in this work. By a simple co-precipitation method, Ag3PO4@PAL composite was prepared and used for the simultaneous emulsification and decomposition of tetradecane. Via a simple Pickering emulsion-based photocatalytic system, Ag3PO4 could contact with tetradecane directly, which effectively overcomes the agglomeration and settlement of Ag3PO4 in aqueous phase. This in situ photocatalytic system shows a higher efficiency for photodegradation of tetradecane, comparing with traditional solution-dispersed photocatalytic system. Under visible-light irradiation, the removal efficiency of tetradecane is 4.9 times higher than Ag3PO4 alone. Direct contact of Ag3PO4 with oil pollutes and sufficiently large active surface area greatly improve the efficiency of photodegrading oil. This study provides a new and simple strategy for oil photodegradation via an in situ Pickering emulsion system.

3.
Anal Chem ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31983199

RESUMO

BVZ-BC (bevacizumab-biosimilar candidate) is a proposed biosimilar to bevacizumab. Bevacizumab binds to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) type A and prevents the interaction of VEGF with its receptors on the surface of endothelial cells, neutralizing angiogenesis required for the growth, persistence, and metastases of solid tumors. An analytical comparison of BVZ-BC and bevacizumab was performed using state-of-the-art analytical techniques, including biochemical and biophysical characterization, biological activity, and immunological properties. Multiple attributes of the molecules were evaluated, including amino acid sequence, disulfide structure, glycan profiles, free thiol content, isoelectric point, protein content, subvisible particles, higher-order structure such as near- and far-ultraviolet circular dichroism and differential scanning calorimetry, product purity and product-related impurities, and process-related impurities. Biological activity assessment employed orthogonal assays such as the VEGF cell-based bioassay and the VEGF enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and Fc functional assays to interrogate all expected biological activities. An accumulation of 18 batches of bevacizumab (sourced in China, manufactured in Europe, Roche) and 10 batches of BVZ-BC representing unique drug product lots from each individual drug substance lot were utilized in this study. The analytical similarity between BVZ-BC and bevacizumab was assessed and demonstrated the similarities of all of the quality attributes between BVZ-BC and bevacizumab.

4.
J Cell Physiol ; 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898815

RESUMO

C terminus of Hsc70-interacting protein (CHIP) is a chaperone-dependent and U-box containing E3 ubiquitin ligase. In previous studies, we found that CHIP regulates the stability of multiple tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor proteins in bone cells. In Chip global knockout (KO) mice, nuclear factor-κB signaling is activated, osteoclast formation is increased, osteoblast differentiation is inhibited, and bone mass is decreased in postnatal Chip KO mice. To determine the role of Chip in different cell types at different developmental stages, we created Chipflox/flox mice. We then generated Chip conditional KO mice ChipCMV and ChipOsxER and demonstrated defects in skeletal development and postnatal bone growth in Chip conditional KO mice. Our findings indicate that Chip conditional KO mice could serve as a critical reagent for further investigations of functions of CHIP in bone cells and in other cell types.

5.
Hip Int ; 30(1): 33-39, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30761922

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Correct implant positioning is required to achieve adequate biomechanics. The greater trochanter is more medially or laterally positioned in some patients, known as trochanteric lateroversion. However, studies have not identified correlations between postoperative coronal alignment and variation in greater trochanteric lateroversion. The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of variation in greater trochanteric lateroversion on postoperative stem coronal alignment and to investigate other factors related to stem coronal alignment. METHODS: A total of 213 hips in 149 patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty were included in this prospective study. The greater trochanters were categorised into 5 groups according to the degree of variation in greater trochanteric lateroversion, and the stem coronal alignment angle and stem fit were measured on anteroposterior radiographs. RESULTS: Postoperative stem varus was positively correlated with greater trochanteric lateroversion (r = 0.26065, p = 0.0001) and negatively correlated with the stem fit (r = -0.16568, p = 0.0155). DISCUSSION: Excessive variation in greater trochanteric lateroversion was a risk factor for femoral stem varus, and the stem varus position was always accompanied by inadequate canal filling. When the tip of the trochanteric overhang exceeded the centreline of the femoral canal, the influence of lateroversion of the greater trochanter on the femoral stem remarkably increased. Appropriate measures should be implemented to avoid a stem varus position and inappropriate stem fit.

6.
Ann N Y Acad Sci ; 1460(1): 3-10, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414713

RESUMO

In eukaryotic cells, ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation is an essential mechanism for regulating protein functions. For example, critical signaling proteins play their roles by controlling different cellular functions. Once a signaling protein has been activated, its activity needs to be quickly downregulated by different mechanisms, including ubiquitination/proteasome regulation. Failure to regulate the activity or expression levels of these proteins may cause human diseases. Protein ubiquitination involves a cascade of biochemical processes and requires three types of ubiquitin enzymes: E1 activating enzyme, E2 conjugating enzyme, and E3 ligase. Among these enzymes, E3 ubiquitin ligases play a specific role in recognizing specific protein substrates. There are several structurally diverse groups of E3 ubiquitin ligases in eukaryotic cells, and one type of these E3 ligases is the U-box ubiquitin ligases. Carboxyl terminus of HSP70-interacting protein (CHIP) is a member of a family of U-box E3 ligases. It plays critical roles in multiple organs and tissues in the body. In this review article, we provide an update on some of the most recent discoveries about CHIP in normal physiological function and in disease.

7.
Mol Med Rep ; 21(1): 438-444, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746383

RESUMO

Distal arthrogryposis (DA) type 2B (DA2B) is an autosomal dominant congenital disorder, characterized by camptodactyly, thumb adduction, ulnar deviation and facial features, including small mouth, down­slanting palpebral fissure and slight nasolabial fold. It has been reported that four genes are associated with DA2B, including troponin I, fast­twitch skeletal muscle isoform, troponin T3, fast skeletal, myosin heavy chain 3 (MYH3) and tropomyosin 2, which are all associated with embryonic limb morphogenesis and skeletal muscle contraction. In the present study, three affected family members and five unaffected individuals were identified through clinical and radiological assessment. Genomic DNA was obtained from the three patients, which then underwent whole­exome sequencing, and candidate mutations were verified by Sanger sequencing in all available family members and 100 healthy volunteers. Then, the spatial models of embryonic MYH were further constructed. In the clinic, the three patients recruited to the present study were diagnosed with DA2B. Mutation analysis indicated that there was a novel heterogeneous missense mutation c.2506 A>G (p.K836E) in the MYH3 gene among the affected individuals, which was highly conserved and was not identified in the unaffected family members and healthy controls. Furthermore, protein modeling revealed that the altered position interacted with regulatory light chain. Thus, the present study identified a novel pathogenic mutation of the MYH3 gene in a Chinese family with DA2B, which expanded the mutational spectrum of MYH3 and provided additional information regarding the association between mutation locations and different types of DA.

8.
Photochem Photobiol ; 96(1): 124-138, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483870

RESUMO

Herbal extracts including asiatic acid (AA) have become popular candidates of anti-photoaging agents due to their anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties and minimal side effect. Nevertheless, low bioavailability due to poor solubility limits their practical application. In this study, a highly bioavailable form of AA called AAGS (compounded by asiatic acid and glucosamine) was investigated for its anti-photoaging effect using both in vitro and in vivo models along with UVB irradiation. The results showed that AAGS alleviated UVB-induced cell proliferation inhibition by reducing G2 phase arrest and cell apoptosis rate as well as the gene expressions of P53, BAX, CASPASE 3 and CASPASE 9, but enhancing BCL-2 expression. It also reduced the production of reactive oxygen species along with increased gene expression of GPX-1 and downregulated the gene expression of IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, IL-17 and TNF-α compared to nontreated cells. In vivo results demonstrated the antiphotodamaging effects by restoring skin thickness, collagen content and reducing MMPs expression, which are also supported by reduced MMPs gene expression and enhanced collagen I and TGF-ß1 gene expression in vitro. Thus, AAGS may become a potential anti-photoaging agent for topical use due to its capability of self-assembling into a water gel.

9.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 88: 217-236, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31862064

RESUMO

Porous materials as emerging potential adsorbents have received much more attention because they are capable of capturing various pollutants with fast adsorption rate, high adsorption capacity, good selectivity and excellent reusability. In order to prepare porous materials with decent porous structure, Pickering emulsion template method has been proved to be one of the most effective technologies to create pore structure. This paper reviewed comprehensively the latest research progress on the preparation of porous materials from various Pickering emulsions and their applications in the decontamination of pollutants (e.g., heavy metal ions, organic pollutants) and in the oil/water separation. It was expected that the summaries and discussions in this review will provide insights into the design and fabrication of new efficient porous adsorbents, and also give us a better understanding of the subject.

11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(12): 1222-1225, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31813153

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical significance of a prenatal case with two small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMC) through identification of their origins. METHODS: G-banding chromosomal karyotyping analysis were carried out on fetal amniotic fluid sample and peripheral blood samples from both patients. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and single nucleotide polymorphism-array (SNP-array) were used to analyze the component and size of the sSMCs. RESULTS: The karyotype of the fetus was determined as 47, XX, +mar[53]/48, XX, +2 mar[31]/46, XX[14]. SNP-array has revealed four copies of chromosome 2q11.1q11.2 with a size of 2.6 Mb and three copies of 10p11.23q11.23 with a size of 20.6 Mb. The results was confirmed by FISH. CONCLUSION: A rare chromosomal abnormality with two sSMCs was identified by combined karyotype analysis, SNP-array and FISH, which provided valuable information for prenatal diagnosis.


Assuntos
Aberrações Cromossômicas , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Bandeamento Cromossômico , Feminino , Feto , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Cariotipagem , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Gravidez
12.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(24)2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31835348

RESUMO

This article selects studies on the preparation of fluorinated polyurethane-nano-alumina composite coating materials, and analyzes the anti-wear, water resistantance, and surface microstructure. Attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) shows that the polyurethane synthesized in this study does not contain hydrophilic -CH2OH groups. The cavitation wear test depicts that the actual cavitation amount C of the Al2O3-FPU (4) (fluorinated polyurethane) coating is 0.9035 × 10-3 kg, and the anti-wear ability increases by 61.9% compared with FPU-0.5. The water-resistant test shows that the contact angle of water droplets on the surface of the coating increase from 95.3° of FPU-0.5 to 123.1° of Al2O3-FPU (4), and the water absorption decreases from 2.52% to 1.04%. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation confirms that alumina particles can protrude on the coating surface and resist strong wear, while the C-F chain with high bond energy at the near-surface exhibits high strength and water resistance, which prevents wear from spreading deep into the coating. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) results show that the Tg(HS) value of the hard segment phase decreases with higher external force. Notably, when the coating is subjected to erosion, which enhances the crystallinity of the hard segment phase, the tensile strength of the hard segment phase of the coating surface is improved, which supports the wear resistance. Herein, we show that the addition of nano-alumina to fluorinated polyurethanes can control high water and abrasion resistance.

13.
BMC Med Genet ; 20(1): 200, 2019 12 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31856751

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Schmid-type metaphyseal chondrodysplasia (MCDS) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by COL10A1 mutations, which is characterized by short stature, waddling gait, coxa vara and bowing of the long bones. However, descriptions of the expressivity of MCDS are rare. METHODS: Two probands and available family members affected with MCDS were subjected to clinical and radiological examination. Genomic DNA of all affected individuals was subjected to whole-exome sequencing, and candidate mutations were verified by Sanger sequencing in all available family members and in 250 healthy donors. A spatial model of the type X collagen (α1) C-terminal noncollagenous (NC1) domain was further constructed. RESULTS: We found that the phenotype of affected family members exhibited incomplete dominance. Mutation analysis indicated that there were two novel heterozygous missense mutations, [c.1765 T > A (p.Phe589Ile)] and [c.1846A > G (p.Lys616Glu)] in the COL10A1 gene in family 1 and 2, respectively. The two novel substitution sites were highly conserved and the mutations were predicted to be deleterious by in silico analysis. Furthermore, protein modeling revealed that the two substitutions were located in the NC1 domain of collagen X (α1), which potentially impacted the trimerization of collagen X (α1) and combination with molecules in the pericellular matrix. CONCLUSION: Two novel mutations were identified in the present study, which will facilitate diagnosis of MCDS and further expand the spectrum of the COL10A1 mutations associated with MCDS patients. In addition, our research revealed the phenomenon of incomplete dominance in MCDS.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781270

RESUMO

Background: FD (functional dyspepsia) is a common functional gastrointestinal disorder, which lacks effective and safe treatment. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been applied in FD treatment for thousands of years with satisfactory clinical outcomes. Zhishi is a classical traditional Chinese medicine used to treat FD. Weikang pian (WKP) is made of flavonoids extracted from zhishi which could effectively alleviate the symptoms of FD. This research aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of WKP in FD treatment. Methods: This was a randomized, double-blinded and placebo-controlled clinical trial. The patients were diagnosed as FD according to RomeIII criteria. Then, FD patients were selected and assigned randomly to either WKP or placebo group. The subjects randomly received WKP or placebo for 4 weeks with 4 tablets each time, 3 times daily. The single dyspepsia symptom (SDS) scale and the gastric emptying function were measured before and after the treatment. Moreover, the safety of the trial and patient compliance were evaluated. Results: A total of 60 FD patients were eventually enrolled in the trial, among them 45 patients in the WKP group and 15 patients in the placebo group. The primary outcome was the SDS scale, including assessments of postprandial distension, early satiety, epigastric burning, and pain. The secondary outcome was the gastric emptying function. Compared with the placebo group, the symptoms of FD in the WKP group were relieved after 4 weeks of treatment (P < 0.05). Some minor changes appeared in the four groups, but there were no significant differences in gastric emptying parameters of GER (2-hour gastric emptying rate) and GET/2 (gastric semiempty time) (P > 0.05). Severe adverse events were absent. The compliance to treatment was 94%-96%, and there was no significant difference between the groups. Conclusion: WKP can relieve FD symptoms to some extent. This trial is registered with Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR): CTR 20132482.

15.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 8975-8983, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Oxidative stress and neuroinflammation are 2 pivotal mechanisms in the progression of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. Biochanin A, a natural phytoestrogen, has been reported to protect against ischemic brain injury in animal experiments, but the possible pharmacological mechanisms of its neuroprotection remain elusive. In this research, we sought to investigate the neuroprotective effects of biochanin A in experimental stroke rats and the probable mechanisms underlying oxidative stress and inflammation signaling pathways. MATERIAL AND METHODS An ischemic stroke model was induced by inserting thread into the middle cerebral artery. Rats were pre-administered intraperitoneally with a vehicle solution or biochanin A (10, 20, or 40 mg·kg·d--⁻¹) for 14 days prior to ischemic stroke. Neurological score, infarct volume, and cerebral edema were assessed after 2 h of ischemia and 24 h of reperfusion. The activities of SOD and GSH-Px and MDA content were measured. The expressions of Nrf2, HO-1, and NF-kappaB and the activity of phosphor-IkappaBalpha were detected by Western blotting. RESULTS Biochanin A pretreatment significantly improved neurological deficit and decreased infarct size and brain edema. Biochanin A also enhanced SOD and GSH-Px activities and suppressed the production of MDA. Additionally, biochanin A promoted Nrf2 nuclear translocation, promoted the expression of HO-1, and inhibited NF-kappaB activation in ischemic brain injury. CONCLUSIONS The results indicated that biochanin A protected the brain against ischemic injury in rats by anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory actions. The activation of the Nrf2 pathway and the inhibition of the NF-kappaB pathway may contribute to the neuroprotective effects of biochanin A.

16.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31759999

RESUMO

Biopolymers have shown great application prospects due to their advantages of being biodegradable, renewable, non-toxic, safe and inexpensive. However, the innate hydrophilicity of biopolymers means the materials prepared from them easily swell or disintegrate in aqueous media, limiting their applications. Herein, on the basis of improving the mechanical performance of a sodium alginate/poly(vinyl alcohol) (SA/PVA) film by introducing palygorskite (Pal) nanorods, the hydrophobicity of the obtained SA/PVA/Pal film was improved further by surface coating with methyltrichlorosilane (MTCS) through a vapor deposition-surface polycondensation reaction. MTCS nanofilaments, with a size of approximately 50 nm, were formed on the film surface by the silanization reaction between MTCS and hydroxyls, resulting in an improvement in surface hydrophobicity characterized by a contact angle (111.8°) higher than that of SA/PVA/Pal film (72.7°). Therefore, the obtained films maintained their original shape and strength after soaking for a long time in aqueous solutions containing acid, alkaline, and electrolyte, also in organics, while the uncoated film dissolved quickly and lost its original shape. Moreover, the surface coating also increased the film's tensile strength from 11.43 to 28.69 MPa. This demonstrates a simple, universal and effective way to improve the resistance of biopolymer-derived materials to water and various chemicals.

17.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 8(1): 1584-1592, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682199

RESUMO

The genetic and/or antigenic differences between street rabies virus (RABV) and vaccine strains could potentially affect effectiveness of rabies vaccines. As such, it is important to continue monitoring the glycoprotein (G) of the street isolates. All RABVG sequences in public database were retrieved and analysed. Using a pseudovirus system, we investigated 99 naturally occurring mutants for their reactivities to well-characterized neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and vaccine-induced antisera. A divergence in G sequences was found between vaccine strains and recent street isolates, with mutants demonstrating resistance to neutralizing mAbs and vaccine-induced antibodies. Moreover, antigenic variants were observed in a wide range of animal hosts and geographic locations, with most of them emerging since 2010. As the number of antigenic variants has increased in recent years, close monitoring on street isolates should be strengthened.

18.
J Acoust Soc Am ; 146(4): EL317, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671979

RESUMO

A deep transfer learning for underwater source ranging is proposed, which migrates the predictive ability obtained from synthetic environment (source domain) into an experimental sea area (target domain). A deep neural network is first trained on large synthetic datasets generated from historical environmental data, and then part of the neural network is refined on collected data set for source ranging. Its performance is tested on a deep-sea experiment through comparing with convolutional neural networks of different training datasets. Data processing results demonstrate that the ranging accuracy is considerably improved by the proposed method, which can be easily adapted for related areas.

19.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 10(1): 321, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730486

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Damaged endothelial cells and downregulated osteogenic ability are two key pathogenic mechanisms of glucocorticoid (GC)-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). Recent studies suggested that transplantation of CD34+ stem cell-derived exosomes (CD34+-Exos) can treat ischemic diseases by promoting neovascularization and that miR-26a is an important positive regulator of osteogenesis. Moreover, the biological effect of exosomes is closely related to their cargo miRNAs. However, it is not clear whether increasing the abundance of miR-26a in CD34+-Exos will inhibit the progress of GC-induced ONFH. METHODS: MiR-26a was overexpressed in CD34+-Exos (miR-26a-CD34+-Exos) to increase their osteogenic potential. The angiogenic potential of miR-26a-CD34+-Exos was then examined through evaluations of migration and tube-forming capacities in vitro. In addition, in order to observe the osteogenic effect of miR-26a-CD34+-Exos on bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs), Alizarin red staining, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity assays, and qPCR were carried out. Finally, miR-26a-CD34+-Exos were injected into a GC-induced ONFH rat model to prevent the progress of GC-induced ONFH. The biological effects of miR-26a-CD34+-Exos on the ONFH model were evaluated by micro-CT, angiography, and histological staining. RESULTS: Our data showed that miR-26a-CD34+-Exos enhanced human umbilical vein endothelial cell migration and tube-forming capacities. Furthermore, miR-26a-CD34+-Exos strengthened the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs under the influence of GCs in vitro. Finally, the miR-26a-CD34+-Exos increased the vessel density and trabecular bone integrity of the femoral head in the GC-induced ONFH rat model, which inhibited the progress of ONFH. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-26a-CD34+-Exos protect the femoral head from damage caused by GCs by strengthening angiogenesis and osteogenesis. The biological effect of miR-26a-CD34+-Exos make them suitable for application in the prevention of GC-induced ONFH.

20.
Appl Spectrosc ; : 3702819877422, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31617368

RESUMO

Distribution of substandard and falsified (SF) medicines is on the rise, and its impact on public health, particularly in low-resource countries, is becoming increasingly significant. Portable, nondestructive screening devices can support regulatory authorities in their defense against the spread of SF medicines. Vibrational spectroscopy is an ideal candidate due to its sampling ease and speed. In this work, five portable, among which four are considered low-cost, spectroscopic devices based on near-infrared (NIR), Raman, and mid-infrared (MIR) were evaluated to quantify active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) and formulation accuracy within simulated authentic, falsified, and substandard medicines. Binary sample mixtures containing a typical API in antimalarial, antiretroviral, or anti-tuberculosis medicines were assessed. In both univariate and multivariate analyses, the API quantification performance of the digital light processing (DLP) NIR spectrometer and a handheld Raman device consistently matched or exceeded that of the other NIR spectrometers and a scientific grade MIR spectrometer. In the formulation accuracy tests, data from all devices, other than the silicon photodiode array NIR spectrometer, were able to create regression models with less than 6% error. From this exploratory study, we conclude that certain portable NIR devices hold significant promise as cost-effective screening tools for falsified and potentially substandard medicines, and they warrant further investigation and development.

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