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1.
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom ; : e9324, 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35560965

RESUMO

RATIONAL: Polyhalogenated carbazoles (PHCZs) are dioxin-like compounds that are ubiquitous in the environment. However, their unintentional emissions from industrial sources have received little attention and there is no method available for determination of PHCZs in industrial waste. This research develops a method for determination of PHCZs in industrial waste. METHODS: In this research, a glass column packed with activated silica serves as a rapid and efficient clean-up pretreatment for purification. An isotope dilution gas chromatography-triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry method was established for simultaneous determination of 11 PHCZs in industrial samples. RESULTS: The regression coefficients of the standard curves for the congeners were all > 0.99. The method detection limit ranged from 1.46 to 3.82 ng/mL for liquid samples and from 0.009 to 0.021 ng/g for solid samples. The precision described by the relative standard deviation ranged from 2.4% to 18.4% for liquid samples and from 5.5% to 35.8% for solid samples. The recovery ranges for the liquid and solid samples were 82%-123% and 83%-137%, respectively. 3-chlorocarbazole (3-CCZ) and 36-dichlorocarbazole (36-CCZ) are detected in both chemical bottom liquid from vinyl chloride production and fly ash from medical waste incineration by this method. CONCLUSIONS: An efficient method is established for determination of PHCZs from industrial waste in this research. The discovery of 3-CCZ and 36-CCZ highlight the importance of identification of potential industrial sources of PHCZs and clarification of their contribution to environmental risks. Our method could be applied to investigate industrial emission of PHCZs.

2.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 865848, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35548314

RESUMO

Recently developed base editors provide a powerful tool for plant research and crop improvement. Although a number of different deaminases and Cas proteins have been used to improve base editors the editing efficiency, and editing window are still not optimal. Fusion of a non-sequence-specific single-stranded DNA-binding domain (DBD) from the human Rad51 protein between Cas9 nickase and the deaminase has been reported to dramatically increase the editing efficiency and expand the editing window of base editors in the mammalian cell lines and mouse embryos. We report the use of this strategy in rice, by fusing a rice codon-optimized human Rad51 DBD to the cytidine base editors AncBE4max, AncBE4max-NG, and evoFERNY. Our results show that the addition of Rad51 DBD did not increase editing efficiency in the major editing window but the editing range was expanded in all the three systems. Replacing the human Rad51 DBD with the rice Rad51 DBD homolog also expanded the editing window effectively.

3.
Transl Cancer Res ; 11(4): 796-804, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35571664

RESUMO

Background: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is one of the main types of leukemia that threatens the life and health of patients. A large number of clinical studies have been conducted on the etiology of the disease. However, there are few evidence-based medical studies and no definitive treatment guidelines. Methods: Related articles were searched from Medline, Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE), EBSCO, OVID, Chinese Biology Medicine Disc (CBMDISC), and Wanfang databases. The search time limit was from the establishment of the database to September 2021. The search terms were as follows: acute myeloid leukemia, AML, electromagnetic field, case-control study, cohort study, and risk factors. All literatures were included according to PICOS standards, and the risk of deviation and literature quality were assessed. RevMan 5.3 software was used for meta-analysis. Results: The 10 articles included were of high quality and low bias risk. The research results showed that compared with healthy people, among the risk factors for AML, family tumor history [risk ratio (RR) =0.98; 95% confidence interval (CI): (0.57, 1.69); Z=0.08; P=0.94] and the hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection rate [odds ratio (OR) =1.34; 95% CI: (0.57, 3.13); Z=0.68; P=0.50] showed no significant differences, but the hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection rate [OR =1.60; 95% CI: (1.17, 2.19); Z=2.92; P=0.003] and environmental exposure rate [OR =1.49; 95% CI: (1.01, 2.21); Z=2.02; P=0.04] increased significantly. Conclusions: A total of 10 articles were included to analyze AML risk factors and related content. The results suggested that HCV infection and environmental exposure history such as home decoration were risk factors for AML.

4.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 10: 900416, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35573684

RESUMO

Non-sensory cells in the sensory epithelium of the cochlea are connected extensively by gap junctions. Functionally null mutations in GJB6 (encoding Cx30) cause hearing loss in humans. In this study, we injected AAV1-CB7-Gjb2 into the scala media between P0-2 in the cochlea of Gjb6 -/- mice. The injection increased Cx26 expression and significantly preserved auditory functions. However, the hearing preservation gradually declined and essentially disappeared 3 months after the injections. In contrast, the morphological preservation was still significant at 3 months post-injection. We found that the expression of Cx26, at both the mRNA and protein levels, showed substantial decreases during the 3-month period. Curiously, treatments by injecting AAV1-CB7-Gjb6 with the identical approach failed to yield any hearing preservation. Our results demonstrated the first successful cochlear gene therapy treatment in mouse models by virally expressing a companion gene of Gjb6.

5.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 882051, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35574150

RESUMO

Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) has long been an important fiber crop, but the narrow genetic diversity of modern G. hirsutum limits the potential for simultaneous improvement of yield and fiber quality. It is an effective approach to broaden the genetic base of G. hirsutum through introgression of novel alleles from G. barbadense with excellent fiber quality. In the present study, an interspecific chromosome segment substitution lines (CSSLs) population was established using G. barbadense cultivar Pima S-7 as the donor parent and G. hirsutum cultivar CCRI35 as the recipient parent. A total of 105 quantitative trait loci (QTL), including 85 QTL for fiber quality and 20 QTL for lint percentage (LP), were identified based on phenotypic data collected from four environments. Among these QTL, 25 stable QTL were detected in two or more environments, including four for LP, eleven for fiber length (FL), three for fiber strength (FS), six for fiber micronaire (FM), and one for fiber elongation (FE). Eleven QTL clusters were observed on nine chromosomes, of which seven QTL clusters harbored stable QTL. Moreover, eleven major QTL for fiber quality were verified through analysis of introgressed segments of the eight superior lines with the best comprehensive phenotypes. A total of 586 putative candidate genes were identified for 25 stable QTL associated with lint percentage and fiber quality through transcriptome analysis. Furthermore, three candidate genes for FL, GH_A08G1681 (GhSCPL40), GH_A12G2328 (GhPBL19), and GH_D02G0370 (GhHSP22.7), and one candidate gene for FM, GH_D05G1346 (GhAPG), were identified through RNA-Seq and qRT-PCR analysis. These results lay the foundation for understanding the molecular regulatory mechanism of fiber development and provide valuable information for marker-assisted selection (MAS) in cotton breeding.

6.
BMC Vet Res ; 18(1): 180, 2022 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35568942

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dandelion is becoming an exploitable alternative to the widely prohibited antibiotics in the poultry production. This research aimed to investigate the effects of dandelion on the growth performance and intestinal barrier function of broiler chickens maintained under standard condition of management. One-hundred and sixty 1-day-old Arbor Acres (AA) male broiler chickens were randomly divided into four groups, with five replicates of eight birds each. The birds were fed a basal diet supplemented without (control group, [CON]) or with 500 (low dose [LD]) or 1000 (high dose [HD]) mg/kg dandelion or with 250 mg/kg chlortetracycline 20% premix (CTC) for 42 days, including the starter phase (d 1 to 21) and the grower phase (d 22 to 42). Body weight (BW) of each bird and feed consumption of each replicate were measured at d 21 and d 42. The ileal tissues were collected on day 21 and 42 to determine expression of genes coding for tight junction protein and mucin as well as ELISA analysis for immune factor. The ileal digesta was collected for microbiota and short chain fatty acids analysis. RESULTS: Compared with CON group, during day 1-21, the average daily feed intake (ADFI) and feed/gain ratio (F/G) of LD group were lower (P < 0.05); during day 22-42, the F/G of LD and CTC group tended to be lower (P = 0.07); during the overall phase, the ADFI of HD and CTC groups were decreased (P < 0.05), and the F/G of dandelion and CTC groups tended to be decreased (P = 0.07). On day 21, the relative mRNA expression of claudin, occludin-1 and mucin1 in dandelion groups were up-regulated (P < 0.05), and the ZO-1 mRNA expression in CTC group was increased (P < 0.05); on day 42, the claudin and mucin1 transcripts in LD group and ZO-1 transcripts in HD and CTC group were up-regulated (P < 0.05), while the occludin-1 and mucin1 transcripts in CTC group was significantly down-regulated (P < 0.05). In addition, the contents of TNF-α in dandelion groups were lower than that in CTC group (P < 0.05). In the analysis of ileal microbiota, on day 21, decreased α-diversity was observed in HD and CTC groups (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, on day 21, the relative abundance of Firmicutes in dandelion groups tended to be higher (P = 0.09), the relative abundance of Lactobacillus in LD and CTC group were increased (P < 0.05), while Bacteroidete, Bacteroides, and Alistipes relative abundance in dandelion and CTC groups were decreased (P < 0.05). On day 42, the Actinobacteriota relative abundance in CTC group tended to be higher (P = 0.05), and Lysinibacillus relative abundance of CTC group was higher (P = 0.02). Compared with CON group, on day 21, the propionic acid and butyric acid content in CTC group were higher, the butyric acid content in HD group was lower (P < 0.10). CONCLUSION: In summary, dietary dandelion supplementation at 500 mg/kg of diet enhanced growth performance of broilers by improving the intestinal barrier function. Dandelion can be supplemented in the diet as an antibiotics alternative to enhance production in poultry industry.

7.
Mol Genet Genomics ; 2022 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35451683

RESUMO

Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) is an ideal model of genetic system for functional genomics of the Panicoideae crop. Identification of QTL responsible for morpho-agronomic and yield-related traits facilitates dissection of genetic control and breeding in cereal crops. Here, based on a Yugu1 × Longgu7 RIL population and genome-wide resequencing data, an updated linkage map harboring 2297 bin and 74 SSR markers was constructed, spanning 1315.1 cM with an average distance of 0.56 cM between adjacent markers. A total of 221 QTL for 17 morpho-agronomic and yield-related traits explaining 5.5 ~ 36% of phenotypic variation were identified across multi-environments. Of these, 109 QTL were detected in two to nine environments, including the most stable qLMS6.1 harboring a promising candidate gene Seita.6G250500, of which 70 were repeatedly identified in different trials in the same geographic location, suggesting that foxtail millet has more identical genetic modules under the similar ecological environment. One hundred-thirty QTL with overlapping intervals formed 22 QTL clusters. Furthermore, six superior recombinant inbred lines, RIL35, RIL48, RIL77, RIL80, RIL115 and RIL125 with transgressive inheritance and enrichment of favorable alleles in plant height, tiller, panicle morphology and yield related-traits were screened by hierarchical cluster. These identified QTL, QTL clusters and superior lines lay ground for further gene-trait association studies and breeding practice in foxtail millet.

8.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 853845, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35425763

RESUMO

Purpose: Endometrial thickness is one of the most important indicators in endometrial disease screening and diagnosis. Herein, we propose a method for automated measurement of endometrial thickness from transvaginal ultrasound images. Methods: Accurate automated measurement of endometrial thickness relies on endometrium segmentation from transvaginal ultrasound images that usually have ambiguous boundaries and heterogeneous textures. Therefore, a two-step method was developed for automated measurement of endometrial thickness. First, a semantic segmentation method was developed based on deep learning, to segment the endometrium from 2D transvaginal ultrasound images. Second, we estimated endometrial thickness from the segmented results, using a largest inscribed circle searching method. Overall, 8,119 images (size: 852 × 1136 pixels) from 467 cases were used to train and validate the proposed method. Results: We achieved an average Dice coefficient of 0.82 for endometrium segmentation using a validation dataset of 1,059 images from 71 cases. With validation using 3,210 images from 214 cases, 89.3% of endometrial thickness errors were within the clinically accepted range of ±2 mm. Conclusion: Endometrial thickness can be automatically and accurately estimated from transvaginal ultrasound images for clinical screening and diagnosis.

9.
Front Immunol ; 13: 852326, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35450075

RESUMO

Objectives: Human leucocyte antigen B27 (HLA-B27) is an important biomarker for ankylosing spondylitis (AS). However, delay in the diagnosis of AS is still common in clinical practice. Several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the coding gene of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) have been reported to be AS susceptibility loci. Our aim was to explore whether SNPs in TNFα could be used to improve the performance of HLA-B27 for predicting AS. Methods: Five SNPs (rs1799964, rs1800630, rs1799724, rs1800629, and rs361525) spanning TNFα were genotyped by qPCR-Invader assay in 93 AS patients and 107 healthy controls for association analysis and linkage disequilibrium (LD) analysis. Random forest algorithm was utilized to construct the predictive classifiers for AS. HLA-B was genotyped by PCR-sequence-based typing in a subset of the HLA-B27-positive subjects (38 AS patients and 5 healthy controls). Results: The T allele of rs1799724 was verified to significantly increase the risk of AS (OR = 4.583, p < 0.0001), while the A allele of rs361525 showed an association with the reduced AS risk (OR = 0.168, p = 0.009). In addition, the rs1799964T-rs1800630C-rs1799724T-rs1800629G-rs361525G haplotype was significantly associated with a higher risk of AS (p < 0.0001). The optimal set of variables for classifiers to predict AS only consisted of HLA-B27. Strong associations with HLA-B27 status were found in both rs1799724 (p < 0.0001) and rs361525 (p = 0.001), and all the analyzed HLA-B27-positive subjects carried HLA-B*27:04 or HLA-B*27:05. Conclusion: In the Chinese Han population, the minor allele T of rs1799724 could increase the risk of AS, while the minor allele A of rs361525 protects individuals from AS. However, the contributions of rs1799724 and rs361525 to AS risk were dependent on HLA-B27 status, suggesting the importance of taking the independence and specificity into consideration in AS susceptibility loci studies.


Assuntos
Antígeno HLA-B27 , Espondilite Anquilosante , China/epidemiologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Antígeno HLA-B27/genética , Humanos , Espondilite Anquilosante/diagnóstico , Espondilite Anquilosante/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética
10.
J Hazard Mater ; 433: 128832, 2022 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35390615

RESUMO

Drying and rewetting can markedly influence the microbial structure and function of river biofilm communities and potentially result in the release of metal ions from biofilms containing metals. However, little information is available on the response of metal-enriched biofilms to drying and rewetting over time. In this study, natural biofilms were allowed to develop in four rotating annular bioreactors for 2-11 weeks, followed by drying for 5 days and rewetting for another 5 days. Subsequently, we assessed Zn, Cd, and As desorption from the biofilms and other related parameters (microbial community structure, biofilm morphology, enzyme activity, and surface components as well as characteristics). High-throughput sequencing of the 16 S rRNA gene and confocal laser scanning microscopy revealed that the biofilm architecture and bacterial communities were distinct in different growth phases and under drying and rewetting conditions (permutational multivariate analysis of variance; p = 0.001). Proteobacteria was the dominant bacterial phylum, accounting for 69.7-90.1% of the total content. Kinetic experiments revealed that the drying and rewetting process increased metal desorption from the biofilm matrix. The desorption of heavy metals was affected by the age of the biofilm, with the maximum amount of metal ions released from 2-week-old biofilms (one-way ANOVA, Zn: p < 0.001; Cd: p = 0.008; As: p < 0.001). The modifications in biofilm properties and decreased diversity of the bacterial community (paired t-test, p < 0.05) after drying and rewetting decreased the number of specific binding sites for metal ions. In addition, negatively charged arsenate and other anions in the liquid phase could compete with As ions for adsorption sites to promote the release of As(V) and/or reductive desorption of As(III). The results of this study and their interpretation are expected to help refine the behaviors of heavy metals in the aquatic environment.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Metais Pesados , Bactérias/genética , Biofilmes , Dessecação , Íons
11.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2105208, 2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35488517

RESUMO

During mammalian cortical development, neural stem/progenitor cells (NSCs) gradually alter their characteristics, and the timing of generation of neurons and glial cells is strictly regulated by internal and external factors. However, whether the blood vessels located near NSCs affect the neurogenic-to-gliogenic transition remain unknown. Here, it is demonstrated that endothelial uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) deletion reduces blood vessel diameter and affects the transition timing of neurogenesis and gliogenesis. Deletion of endothelial UCP2 results in a persistent increase in astrocyte production at the postnatal stage. Mechanistically, the endothelial UCP2/ROS/ERK1/2 pathway increases chymase-1 expression to enhance angiotensin II (AngII) secretion outside the brain endothelium. The endotheliocyte-driven AngII-gp130-JAK-STAT pathway also regulates gliogenesis initiation. Moreover, endothelial UCP2 knockdown decreases human neural precursor cell (hNPC) differentiation into neurons and accelerates hNPC differentiation into astrocytes. Altogether, this work provides mechanistic insights into how endothelial UCP2 regulates the neurogenic-to-gliogenic fate switch in the developing neocortex.

12.
Front Vet Sci ; 9: 841406, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35433917

RESUMO

There is growing interest in the utilization of plant polysaccharides for the modulation of the rumen bacterial community and enhancement of growth performance in ruminants. Fermented wheat bran polysaccharides (FWBPs), plant polysaccharides, have been shown to improve the growth performance of lambs, but little is known about their effect on rumen bacteria. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of FWBPs supplementation to milk replacer (MR) on the growth performance, blood metabolites, weight and morphology of rumen, rumen fermentation, and rumen bacterial community which were investigated in lambs. Twelve 1.5-month-old crossbred lambs (Dorper × Small-tailed Han Sheep) with an initial body weight (BW) of 11.38 ± 0.19 kg were randomly divided into two groups, namely, the control group and FWBPs group. Compared with the control group, the FWBPs group had a higher average daily weight gain and serum total protein concentrations, and a lower feed: gain ratio. A tendency of increase in final BW and carcass BW was also observed. Administration of FWBPs increased the ruminal papillae width and ruminal butyrate proportion and decreased the concentration of ammonia nitrogen and the proportion of isobutyrate and isovalerate. In addition, the epithelial cell thickness had an increased trend in the FWBPs group. High-throughput sequencing data showed that the relative abundance of Lachnospiraceae_NK3A20_group and Solobacterium was enhanced by FWBP treatment; meanwhile, the relative abundance of NK4A214_group, Megasphaera, and Treponema showed a tendency to be higher than that of the control group. Furthermore, Spearman's correlation analysis revealed that the relative abundances of NK4A214_group, Treponema, and Lachnospiraceae_NK3A20_group were positively correlated with butyrate proportion. Collectively, FWBPs supplementation to MR on lambs altered the rumen bacterial community, promoted rumen development, and improved growth performance.

13.
Int J Gen Med ; 15: 3699-3710, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35411177

RESUMO

Background: Autophagy plays a double-edged sword role in cancers. LncRNAs could regulate cancer initiation and development at various levels. However, the role of autophagy-related lncRNAs (ARlncs) in gastric cancer (GC) remains indistinct. Methods: GC gene expression profile and clinical data were acquired from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). The prognostic signature composed of ARlncs was established via cox regression analysis. Kaplan-Meier (K-M) survival curve was adopted to show overall survival (OS). Independence and reliability of risk signature were visualized by cox regression analysis and ROC curve. A nomogram was constructed and the reliability was analyzed by ROC curve. Immune infiltrating cells and check points were also analyzed. Results: A prognostic signature was constructed which stratified GC patients into high- and low-risk groups according to risk score calculated via the 10 ARlncs including LINC01094, AC068790.7, AC090772.1, AC005165.1, PVT1, LINC00106, AC026368.1, AC090912.3, AC013652.1, UICLM. Patients in high-risk group showed a poor prognosis (p<0.001). Cox regression analysis showed signature was an independent prognostic factor (p<0.001). Areas under curves (AUC) of ROC for risk signature for predicting OS outweighed age, gender, grade, T, M and N, which suggested the reliability of the signature. A nomogram was constructed with risk signature, T, M, N and age and its AUC of ROC for 1-, 3-, and 5-year was 0.700, 0.730, 0.757 respectively, which showed good reliability. Macrophage M2, T cell CD8+ and T cell CD4+ memory resting had greatest difference between the two risk groups according to CIBERSORE-ABS algorithm (p<0.001). CD274 (PD-L1), PDCD1 (PD-1) and PDCD1LG2 (PD-L2) were expressed higher in the high-risk group (p<0.05), which implied that immunotherapy may be a good choice for these patients. Conclusion: The risk signature based on 10 ARlncs can serve as an efficacious prognostic predictor and guide the immunotherapies and precise treatment for GC patients.

14.
Mar Biotechnol (NY) ; 2022 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35416602

RESUMO

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs), particularly eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3), play a very important role in human health. Channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) is one of the leading freshwater aquaculture species in the USA, but has low levels of EPA and DHA compared to some fish such as salmon. To improve EPA and DHA content, a modification of the n-3 PUFA biosynthetic pathway was achieved through the insertion of an elovl2 transgene isolated from masu salmon (Oncorhynchus masou) driven by a carp ß-actin promoter using a two-hit by gRNA and two oligos with a targeting plasmid (2H2OP) CRISPR/Cas9 approach. Integration rate of the transgene was high (37.5%) and detected in twelve different tissues of P1 transgenic fish with tissue-specific gene expression. Liver and muscle had relative high gene expression (13.4- and 9.2-fold change, respectively). Fatty acid analysis showed DHA content in the muscle from transgenic fish was 1.62-fold higher than in non-transgenic fish (P < 0.05). Additionally, total n-3 PUFAs and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-6 PUFAs) increased to 1.41-fold and 1.50-fold, respectively, suggesting the ß-actin-elovl2 transgene improved biosynthesis of PUFAs in channel catfish as a whole. The n-9 fatty acid level decreased in the transgenic fish compared to the control. Morphometric analysis showed that there were significant differences between injected fish with sgRNAs (including positive and negative fish) and sham-injected controls (P < 0.001). Potential off-target effects are likely the major factor responsible for morphological deformities. Optimization of sgRNA design to maximize activity and reduce off-target effects of CRISPR/Cas9 should be examined in future transgenic research, but this research shows a promising first step in the improvement of n-3 PUFAs in channel catfish.

15.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 851890, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35308550

RESUMO

Endometrial carcinoma (EC) is a common cause of cancer death in women, and having an early accurate prediction model to identify this disease is crucial. The aim of this study was to develop a new machine learning (ML) model-based diagnostic prediction model for EC. We collected data from consecutive patients between November 2012 and January 2021 at tertiary hospitals in central China. Inclusion criteria included women undergoing endometrial biopsy, dilation and curettage, or hysterectomy. A total of 9 features, including patient demographics, vital signs, and laboratory and ultrasound results, were selected in the final analysis. This new model was combined with three top optimal ML methods, namely, logistic regression, gradient-boosted decision tree, and random forest. A total of 1,922 patients were eligible for final analysis and modeling. The ensemble model, called TJHPEC, was validated in an internal validation cohort and two external validation cohorts. The results showed that the AUC values were 0.9346, 0.8341, and 0.8649 for the prediction of total EC and 0.9347, 0.8073, and 0.871 for prediction of stage I EC. Nine clinical features were confirmed to be highly related to the prediction of EC in TJHPEC. In conclusion, our new model may be accurate for identifying EC, especially in the early stage, in the general population of central China.

16.
Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol ; : 1-11, 2022 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35285388

RESUMO

CONTEXT: It has been demonstrated that dopamine (DA) plays an important role in numerous cellular processes of T cell. Accumulating evidence suggests that the outcomes of T cell treatment with DA is depended on DA concentrations, T cell subtypes and activation states. However, the detail mechanism of DA function on T cell activation or regulatory T cells is largely unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the mechanisms by which DA regulates the activation of CD4+ T cells and the function of Tregs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: T cell proliferation was detected using CCK-8, BrdU incorporation assay or eFluor 450 cell labeling assay, and Western blot were used to detect phosphorylation of p65 and Erk. Nuclear translocation of transcription factors including p65, FOXO1 and NFAT1 were observed under laser confocal microscopy. RESULTS: Our present study demonstrated that DA (17 µM) can directly promote CD4+ T cells activation through D2-like receptors by enhancing the phosphorylation of p65, also can impair regulatory CD4+ T cells (Tregs) stability and suppressive function through D1- and D2-like receptors by inhibiting the expression of FOXO1 and NFAT1, which are the transcriptional factors of FOXP3, and by suppressing the expression of IL-10 in Tregs. Injection of DA can inhibit tumor growth in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate a critical role for DA in promotion of CD4+ T helper response, this may applicable in tumor treatment in the future.

17.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2022 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35266094

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the potential ability of systemic inflammation response index (SIRI) as a novel biomarker in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and explore the mechanisms. METHOD: Patients fulfilling the 2010 ACR/EULAR classification criteria for RA were enrolled in this study. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory characteristics of all subjects were collected. Neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), monocyte/lymphocyte ratio (MLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and SIRI were calculated. Statistical analysis was performed, and P-values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. RESULTS: One thousand four hundred ninety-nine RA patients from five hospitals were included, with 366 healthy volunteers served as controls. The NLR, MLR, PLR, and SIRI significantly increased in RA patients. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis showed SIRI, and NLR could distinguish RA from healthy controls. Correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis indicated that SIRI and PLR positively correlated with disease activity in RA. The NLR, MLR, and SIRI increased significantly in patients with RA-associated interstitial lung disease (ILD). There was a good accuracy of SIRI in differentiating RA-ILD from RA patients without ILD. SIRI was also found to be higher in RA patients with tumor and could differentiate them from RA patients without tumor. CONCLUSIONS: SIRI could be evaluated as a novel, non-invasive, and suitable biomarker for assisting in the diagnosis process and demonstrating the disease activity of RA, as well as predicting RA-ILD and tumor development of RA patients. Key Points • As a novel biomarker, systemic inflammation response index (SIRI) may assist in the diagnosis process and indicate the disease activity of RA patients • SIRI may predict the development of RA-associated interstitial lung disease (RA-ILD) and tumor in RA patients • SIRI is more satisfactory than other blood cells-based indexes in the assessment of RA patients.

18.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(5)2022 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35269218

RESUMO

Dielectric capacitors with ultrahigh power density are highly desired in modern electrical and electronic systems. However, their comprehensive performances still need to be further improved for application, such as recoverable energy storage density, efficiency and temperature stability. In this work, new lead-free bismuth layer-structured ferroelectric thin films of CaBi4Ti4O15-Bi(Fe0.93Mn0.05Ti0.02)O3 (CBTi-BFO) were prepared via chemical solution deposition. The CBTi-BFO film has a small crystallization temperature window and exhibits a polycrystalline bismuth layered structure with no secondary phases at annealing temperatures of 500-550 °C. The effects of annealing temperature on the energy storage performances of a series of thin films were investigated. The lower the annealing temperature of CBTi-BFO, the smaller the carrier concentration and the fewer defects, resulting in a higher intrinsic breakdown field strength of the corresponding film. Especially, the CBTi-BFO film annealed at 500 °C shows a high recoverable energy density of 82.8 J·cm-3 and efficiency of 78.3%, which can be attributed to the very slim hysteresis loop and a relatively high electric breakdown strength. Meanwhile, the optimized CBTi-BFO film capacitor exhibits superior fatigue endurance after 107 charge-discharge cycles, a preeminent thermal stability up to 200 °C, and an outstanding frequency stability in the range of 500 Hz-20 kHz. All these excellent performances indicate that the CBTi-BFO film can be used in high energy density storage applications.

19.
Mar Biotechnol (NY) ; 24(1): 174-189, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35166964

RESUMO

Identification of genetic markers associated with resistance against enteric septicemia of catfish (ESC) is of great interest for genetic enhancement programs of catfish. In the present study, bulk segregant RNA-Seq analysis was applied to determine differentially expressed genes and alleles after ESC infection. Here we report three genomic regions on LG1, LG12, and LG26, containing significant single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). These genomic regions aligned well with quantitative trait loci (QTL) previously identified. Within the QTL regions, eleven genes were found to be differentially regulated between phenotypic bulks. Importantly, the QTL on linkage group 1 (LG1) were found to be expressed in the liver, whereas the QTL on LG12 and LG26 were expressed in the intestine, suggesting multiple mechanisms of ESC resistance. It is apparent that apolipoproteins may be important for ESC resistance as the QTL on LG1 included the 14-kDa apolipoprotein genes that are both allelically expressed and differentially expressed between the resistant and susceptible bulks. Traf2 and NCK-interacting protein kinase (TNIK) were found in the QTL on LG12, and it was downregulated in resistant fish, suggesting the importance of NCK downregulation in ESC resistance, as previously reported. In addition, we observed divergent gene expression patterns between the liver and intestine after infection. Immune/inflammatory-related processes were overrepresented from liver DEGs, while those DEGs identified from intestine were enriched for proteolysis and wounding processes. Taken together, the BSR-Seq analysis presented here advanced the knowledge of ESC resistance, providing information of not only positions of QTL but also genes and their differential expression between resistant and susceptible fish, making it one step closer to the identification of the causal genes for ESC resistance.


Assuntos
Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae , Doenças dos Peixes , Ictaluridae , Animais , Edwardsiella ictaluri , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/genética , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/veterinária , Doenças dos Peixes/genética , Ictaluridae/genética , RNA-Seq
20.
Anal Chem ; 94(7): 3400-3407, 2022 02 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35138805

RESUMO

Superior to traditional nanoscale catalysts, single-atom site catalysts (SASCs) show such merits as maximal catalysis efficiency and outstanding catalytic activity for the construction of analytical methodological platforms. Hereby, an in situ etching strategy was designed to prepare yolk-shell Co SASCs derived from ZIF-8@SiO2 nanoparticles. On the basis of direct chemical interactions between precursors and supports, the Co element with isolated atomic dispersion was anchored on ZIF-8@SiO2 nanoparticles. The Co SASCs possess high Fenton-like activity and thus can catalyze the decomposition of H2O2 to produce massive superoxide radical anions instead of singlet oxygen and hydroxyl radicals. With the activity for producing superoxide radical anion, Co SASCs can greatly improve the chemiluminescent (CL) response of a luminol system by 3133.7 times. Furthermore, the SASCs with active sites of Co-O5 moieties were utilized as the CL probes for establishment of an immunoassay method for sensitive detection of mycotoxins by adopting aflatoxin B1 as a mode analyte. The quantitation range is 10-1000 pg/mL, and the limit of detection is 0.44 pg/mL (3σ) for aflatoxin B1. The proof-of-principle work elucidates the practicability of direct chemical interactions between precursors and supports for forming SASCs with ultrahigh CL response, which can be extended to the exploitation of more sorts of SASCs for tracing biological binding events.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Micotoxinas , Catálise , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Imunoensaio , Dióxido de Silício
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