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1.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 34(2): 525-533, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32425017

RESUMO

To explore effects of the sDR5-Fc fusion protein on ulcerative colitis of infant mice via the TRAIL-DR5 pathway, 50 female mice were randomly divided into 5 groups, i.e., control group (group A), dextran sulfate sodium group (group B), hIgG group (group C), 10 mg/kg sDR5-Fc group (group D), and 20 mg/ kg sDR5-Fc group (group E). The acute ulcerative colitis models were established. The weights and disease activity index (DAI) of each group were monitored daily. In addition, the pathological changes of colon tissues were observed by Hematoxylin-Eosin staining. The number of macrophages in colon tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry assay. Changes in the expression of inflammatory factors in colon tissues were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of different concentrations was utilized alone or in combination with TRAIL to stimulate the NCM460 cells. The activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes was detected by Western blot. The apoptosis of NCM460 cells was detected by flow cytometry. The results showed that in groups B and C, the body weights decreased, the DAI increased, the colon epithelial cells were injured, the inflammatory cells were infiltrated, and the macrophages in colon tissues increased significantly. In groups D and E, the body weights increased, the DAI decreased, the inflammation was significantly improved, the macrophages decreased significantly, and the gene expression levels of NLRP3, Caspase-1, and IL-1ß decreased significantly. Thus, sDR5-Fc could inhibit the activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes induced by TRAIL, thereby decreasing the apoptosis of NCM460 cells. In conclusion, the sDR5-Fc fusion protein could block the TRAIL-DR5 pathway to reduce the expression of NLRP3 inflammasomes, thereby improving ulcerative colitis.

2.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(7): 3492-3500, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32329822

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) promote bone tissue repair. MiR-1 regulates myogenic and osteogenic differentiation of human adipose tissue stem cells. However, miR-1's effect on BMSCs osteogenesis is unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rat BMSCs were isolated and divided into control group, miR-1 group, and si-miR-1 group respectively transfected with miR-1 plasmid and miR-1 siRNA followed by analysis of cell proliferation by MTT assay and Caspase 3 activity. The expression of osteogenic genes Runx2 and OPN was measured by Real Time-PCR. Healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were separated into fracture group, NC group, and si-miR-1 group followed by analysis of bone mineral density, miR-1 level by Real Time-PCR, type I collagen, and BMP-2 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and TLR1 expression by Western blot. RESULTS: Transfection of miR-1 siRNA into BMSCs significantly downregulated miR-1 expression, promoted BMSCs cell proliferation, inhibited Caspase 3 activity, as well as promoted osteogenic genes Runx2 and OPN expression and decreased TLR1 expression (p<0.05). The upregulation of miR-1 expression significantly reversed the above changes. TLR1 is a target of miR-1. Downregulation of miR-1 expression in BMSCs of fractured rats significantly increased bone density and ALP activity, promoted type I collagen and BMP-2 expression, and decreased TLR1 expression (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The downregulation of miR-1 promotes BMSCs osteogenic differentiation via targeting TLR1, which promotes osteogenic differentiation and bone healing.

3.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(6): 3302-3314, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32271448

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Atherosclerosis (AS) is the most dangerous factor for human death, which is responsible for coronary heart disease. Growing evidence has showed that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in the development of AS. In this study, we mainly aimed at investigating the roles of FOXC2-AS1 in AS patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: RT-PCR was performed to detect the expressions of FOXC2-AS1 and miR-1253 in serum samples of AS patients (n=35) and healthy volunteer (n=35). The correlation between FOXC2-AS1 and miR-1253 was further analyzed. Human vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) were respectively treated with ox-LDL, IL-6, CRP, TNF-α and IL-8 to explore the affecting factors. P-FOXC2-AS1 was constructed and transfected into VSMCs. Cell proliferation abilities were measured by CCK-8 assay. Cell apoptotic rates were measured by flow cytometry (FACS) analysis. Western blot (WB) was performed to detect protein levels of FOXF1, Bcl-2, Bax and Cleaved Caspase3. Finally, luciferase gene reporter assay was performed to prove the relationships between FOXC2-AS1 and miR-1253, miR-1253 and FOXF1. RESULTS: We found that FOXC2-AS1 was significantly upregulated in AS patients, which could be induced by ox-LDL and IL-6 in VSMCs. MiR-1253 was decreased in AS patients, which was negatively correlated with FOXC2-AS1. Furthermore, FOXC2-AS1 overexpression promoted proliferation and inhibited apoptosis in VSMCs. Luciferase gene reporter assay showed that FOXC2-AS1 could bind to miR-1253 in VSMCs and 293 cells. Moreover, miR-1253 overexpression inhibited proliferation and promoted apoptosis of VSMCs. Luciferase reporter assay proved that miR-1253 could target at FOXF1 in VSMCs and 293 cells, which was reported to be associated with cell proliferation and apoptosis in some cancers. Additionally, miR-1253 mimic or GSK343, a FOXF1 inhibitor, was respectively transfected into VSMCs with p-FOXC2-AS1. Results showed that the promoted cell proliferation and inhibited cell apoptosis were reversed as well, confirming that FOXC2-AS1 promoted cell proliferation and inhibited apoptosis via miR-1253/FOXF1 signaling axis in AS patients. CONCLUSIONS: According to the results, we found that FOXC2-AS1 was upregulated in AS patients; furthermore, FOXC2-AS1 overexpression promoted cell proliferation and inhibited cell apoptosis via targeting miR-1253/FOXF1 signaling axis. Our results elucidated a potential mechanism underlying the role of FOXC2-AS1, which might be used as a promising marker and a potential target for AS patients.

4.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(4): 494-497, 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32133831

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the possible transmission route of a family cluster of COVID-19 in Zhengzhou and the potential infectivity of COVID-19 in incubation period, and provide scientific evidence for the timely control of infectious source and curb the spread of the epidemic. Methods: Epidemiological investigation was conducted for a family cluster of COVID-19 (8 cases) with descriptive epidemiological method, and respiratory tract samples of the cases were collected for the nucleic acid detection of virus by RT-PCR. Results: Two primary cases, which occurred on 31 January and 1 February, 2020, respectively, had a common exposure history in Wuhan. The other six family members had onsets on 30 January, 31 January, 1 February (three cases) and 3 February, 2020. Conclusions: In this family cluster of COVID-19, six family members were infected through common family exposure to the 2 primary cases. Five secondary cases had onsets earlier than or on the same day as the primary cases, indicating that COVID-19 is contagious in incubation period, and the home isolation in the early phase of the epidemic might lead to the risk of family cluster of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Saúde da Família , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Humanos , Período de Incubação de Doenças Infecciosas , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão
5.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(2): 273-279, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164141

RESUMO

Since 2010, the incidence of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) has ranked top in notifiable infectious disease in China, causing economic losses to many families and the society of China. This paper summarizes the related methods, results and problems systematically in the research of economic burden of HFMD in China to provide reference for the better estimation of the economic burden caused by HFMD. Many studies showed that HFMD, especially severe and fatal cases, had posed heavy economic burden on the society. To mitigate the burden caused by HFMD, it is necessary to decrease the risk of severe and fatal cases, as well as to reduce the incidence of mild cases.


Assuntos
Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/economia , China/epidemiologia , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência
6.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 32(26): 265001, 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32143209

RESUMO

Dispersion-corrected density functional theory was used to investigate structures consisting of a stanene layer sandwiched between atomically-thin boron nitride and graphene. The parameters controlling the mirror symmetry, lattice rotation and stacking sequences were varied systematically to generate fifteen candidate trilayers. Two types of structural buckling occur in the heterostructures depending on whether the lattice vectors are co-aligned or non-collinear. The configurations with the honeycomb lattices rotated by π/6 with respect to the stanene generally have lower binding energy. In the majority of the trilayers, the electronic structures deviate strongly from the band structures of the isolated components. The boron nitride/stanene/boron nitride structure is identified as a special case where stanene has an electronic structure that is not perturbed by interlayer interactions and resembles the ideal monolayer form. For the other candidate structures, however, interlayer interactions drive significant modifications in the electronic structure thus indicating emergent features that go beyond the pure van der Waals description.

7.
Environ Int ; 138: 105551, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32155507

RESUMO

This study focused on the distribution, combined pollution, potential source and risk assessment of 17 antibiotics in an aquaculture ecosystem surrounding the Yellow sea, North China. Antibiotics were detected in various matrices (seawater, sediment/biofilm, organism and feed) in different aquaculture modes (greenhouse and outdoor aquaculture) during the wet and dry seasons in coastal areas of Shandong province. The innovation points of the study were as follows: (1) To the best of our knowledge, this study was one of the few to investigate the occurrence and distribution of antibiotics in mariculture environments along the Yellow Sea coast; (2) Biofilms, a focus of the study, might act as a sink for antibiotics in the aquaculture ecosystem; and (3) The correlation of heavy metals and antibiotic concentrations was proved, which could correspondingly be used as an indicator for antibiotic concentrations in the studied area. The levels of antibiotics in water were observed to be relatively low, at the ng/L level. Trimethoprim was the most prevalent antibiotic, and was detected in all water samples. Oxytetracycline was detected at high concentrations in biofilms (up to 1478.29 ng/g). Moreover, biofilms exhibited a higher antibiotic accumulation capacity compared to sediments. Concentrations of oxytetracycline and doxycycline were high in feed, while other antibiotics were almost undetected. Tetracycline was widely detected and the concentration of enrofloxacin was highest in organisms. Correlation analysis demonstrated that environmental parameters and other coexisting contaminants (e.g. heavy metals) significantly affected antibiotic concentrations. In addition, the concentration of Zn was significantly correlated with the total antibiotic concentration and was proportional to several antibiotics in water and sediment (biofilm) samples (p < 0.01). High Mn concentrations were closely related to total and individual (e.g. sulfadiazine, sulfamethazine and enrofloxacin) antibiotic levels, which may result in the combined contamination of the environment. Antibiotics in estuaries and groundwater generally originated from aquaculture wastewater and untreated/treated domestic sewage. Most of the detected antibiotics posed no risk to the environment. Ciprofloxacin and enrofloxacin found in water may present high ecological and resistance risks, while the two antibiotics observed to accumulate in fish may pose a considerable risk to human health through diet consumption. All antibiotics detected in seafood were lower than the respective maximum residue limits. This study can act as a reference for the government for the determination of antibiotic discharge standards in aquaculture wastewater and the establishment of a standardized antibiotic monitoring and management system.

8.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 24(2): 237-241, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003417

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) have been shown to affect the progression and development of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in the elderly. However, the published data are still controversial and limited in large cohort-based NPS study. AIM: To explore the potential relationship between NPS and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) among the elderly of Chinese community. METHODS: A total of 465 Chinese community-dwelling elderly (age ≥ 60 years) with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) were recruited into this investigation. At baseline, enrolled participants were assessed for Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR), mini-psychiatric examination. They were also subjected to categorical language fluency test, list learning and delayed recall. We assessed the NPS severity by Neuropsychological Inventory (NPI). The global cognitive status (GCS) of the participants at the end of the 3-year study period were measured with the CDR. RESULTS: Approximately 41.6% of subjects had 1 or more NPS (total NPI score ≥ 1) at baseline. The most common NPSs were nocturnal behavior (20.8%), depression (17.3%), apathy (12.7%) and anxiety (13.2%). At the end of 3-year follow-up, 26.9% of baseline depressed patients developed AD, while 15.2% of baseline non-depressed patients developed AD (χ2 = 4.86, P=0. 04). Abnormal motor behavior was significantly correlated with cognitive deterioration as well (χ2 = 5.75, P=0. 03). Logistic regression analysis revealed that depression was considered as a risk factor for AD progression at baseline (95% CI: 1.12-5.67, OR=2.37, P=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Depression may be an independent factor representing early neurodegeneration in elder patients with MCI. Further studies are warranted to assess whether effective management of NPS promotes the cognitive functions.

9.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(2): 591-603, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016960

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Ovarian cancer (OC) is a common tumor in women, and the development of chemoresistance is the major obstacle to its treatment. Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) have been linked to chemoresistance in many cancers. However, the function of lncRNA urothelial carcinoma associated1 (UCA1) in paclitaxel (PTX) resistance of OC is not well elucidated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of UCA1, microRNA-654-5p (miR-654-5p) and salt inducible kinase 2 (SIK2). Cell PTX resistance and proliferation were evaluated by 3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2 thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The abilities of apoptosis, migration and invasion were measured by Flow cytometry and Transwell assays, respectively. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the interaction among UCA1, miR-654-5p and SIK2. Besides, Western blot analysis was performed to assess the protein level of SIK2. RESULTS: UCA1 was markedly upregulated in OC tissues and PTX-resistant OC cells. Silencing of UCA1 restrained the PTX resistance, reduced the proliferation, migration, invasion and enhanced the apoptosis of PTX-resistant OC cells. MiR-654-5p could be sponged by UCA1, and the inhibitory effect of its overexpression on the progression of PTX-resistant OC cells could be reversed by overexpressed-UCA1. Moreover, SIK2 was a target of miR-654-5p. Silencing of SIK2 could hinder the PTX resistance and suppress the progression of PTX-resistant OC cells, while miR-654-5p inhibitor could invert this inhibitory effect. Also, the expression of SIK2 was regulated by miR-654-5p and UCA1 expression. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA UCA1 plays an active role in PTX resistance of OC and is crucial to maintain the development of PTX resistance in OC, which provides a new therapeutic target for the study of OC chemoresistance.

10.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(1): 111-114, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062952

RESUMO

In prospective cohort study, multi follow up is often necessary for study subjects, and the observed values are correlated with each other, usually resulting in time-dependent confounding. In this case, the data generally do not meet the application conditions of traditional multivariate regression analysis. Sequential conditional mean model (SCMM) is a new approach that can deal with time-dependent confounding. This paper mainly summarizes the basic theory, steps and characteristics of SCMM.


Assuntos
Fatores de Confusão Epidemiológicos , Exposição Ambiental , Modelos Estatísticos , Humanos , Análise Multivariada , Estudos Prospectivos
11.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(2): 124-128, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074696

RESUMO

Flood disaster is one of the most serious natural disasters in the world, and it could pose an inestimable impact on the affected people. Based on existing laws, regulations, and emergency manuals in China, extensive literature review, epidemiological and related protection evidence, and expert consultation, this study analyzed different health risk factors of flood disaster and proposed a multi-stage, multi-population, and multi-phase comprehensive protection measures for the public in the perspective of pre-event prevention, in-event intervention and post-event rescue strategy, which could provide a scientific basis for improving the level of public health protection against the flood disaster and corresponding health outcomes.


Assuntos
Desastres , Inundações , Saúde Pública , China , Humanos
12.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(3): 1108-1115, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32096173

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recently, the vital role of circular RNAs is discovered in many diseases including tumor progression and metastasis. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most ordinary malignant tumors. The purpose of our study is to detect the potential function of hsa_circ_0011946 in HCC to offer new biomarkers and targets. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The level of hsa_circ_0011946 in HCC tissues and cell lines was monitored by Real Time Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-qPCR). Pearson's Chi-square test was used to determine the association between hsa_circ_0011946 expression and several clinicopathological factors. Then, hsa_circ_0011946 was knocked down in HCC cells to uncover its function in metastasis of HCC. Cell migrated and invaded ability was measured through transwell assay, Matrigel assay and wound healing assay. Western blot assay was performed to analyze the effect of hsa_circ_0011946 on the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process. RESULTS: In this research, the expression level of hsa_circ_0011946 was significantly increased in HCC tissues compared to that in adjacent samples. The expression of hsa_circ_0011946 was also increased in HCC cell lines. The hsa_circ_0011946 expression was associated with lymphatic metastasis in HCC patients. Knockdown of hsa_circ_0011946 led to the inhibition of cell migration and invasion in HCC. In addition, results of further experiments revealed that the EMT-related proteins were regulated via the knockdown of hsa_circ_0011946 in HCC. CONCLUSIONS: The hsa_circ_0011946 could enhance cell migration and invasion of HCC by inducing the EMT process.

13.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 565: 218-226, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31972335

RESUMO

Highly conductive cathode material with enhanced Na+ diffusion kinetics is of great importance in the exploration of sodium ion batteries. In this work, Na0.91MnO2 porous microcube which is coated with highly conductive polypyrrole (PPy) is obtained. The high Na content in the layered sodium manganate oxide brings about wider interlayer distance resulting in high capacity and electrochemical kinetics. The higher sodium content of Na0.91MO2 makes capacity increase up to 50 mAh g-1 compared with Na0.7MnO2.05. Furthermore, the well-designed combination between porous structure and conductive PPy coating exhibits fast ion/electron transfer inside the electrode and high cycling stability. The PPy coated Na0.91MnO2 delivers a high initial capacity of 208 mAh g-1, encouraging capacity retention and rate capability. Based on the porous Na0.91MnO2@PPy cathode, the sodium ion full cells with puffed millet porous carbon anode show remarkably stable cycling and high-rate performances.

14.
Neoplasma ; 67(1): 119-128, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31829024

RESUMO

Previously, we identified that sortilin related VPS10 domain containing receptor 1 (SorCS1) was hypermethylated in colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues. Here, we aimed to investigate the association between CRC and SorCS1. DNA methylation was determined by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP) or quantitative real-time methylation analysis (MethyLight). Colorectal cancer tissue specimens from 239 patients that had undergone surgical treatment were evaluated using immunohistochemistry (IHC) analysis for the expression of SorCS1 and correlated with clinicopathological variables and prognosis. We found that SorCS1 was hypermethylated in CRC cell lines and 67.5% (27/40) CRC tumor tissues. The loss of SorCS1 mRNA (p<0.001) and protein expression (p=0.033) were highly correlated with promoter methylation. In addition, SorCS1 expression was significantly increased in younger patients (p=0.006), low CEA level (p<0.001) and pT1-2 stage (p=0.005). Survival analysis revealed that decreased expression of SorCS1 was an independent factor for predicting the increased risk of recurrence (p=0.024) and poor overall survival (p=0.006). Subgroup analysis for CEA level, pT and pN classifications showed that SorCS1 retained its stratified significance only in patients with low CEA level, pT3-4 tumors and pN1-2 lymph node status. Our findings suggest that SorCS1 is epigenetically inactivated in a substantial fraction of CRC, and its expression may be a promising prognostic factor in CRC patients.

16.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 560: 169-176, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670014

RESUMO

Tin oxide (SnO2) has been widely used as an anode material for sodium-ion storage because of its high theoretical capacity. However, it suffers from large volume expansion and poor conductivity. To overcome these limitations, in this study, we have designed and prepared Mo-doped SnO2 nanoflake arrays anchored on carbon foam (Mo-SnO2@C-foam with 38.41 wt% SnO2 and 3.7 wt% Mo content) by a facile hydrothermal method. The carbon foam serves as a three-dimensional conductive network and a buffer skeleton, contributing to improved rate performance and cycling stability. In addition, Mo doping enhances the kinetics of sodium-ion transfer, and the interlaced SnO2 nanoflake arrays is beneficial to promote the conversion reactions during the charge/discharge process. The as-prepared composite with a unique structure demonstrate a high initial capacity of 1017.1 mAh g-1 at 0.1 A g-1, with a capacity retention over three times higher than that of the control sample (SnO2@C-foam) at 1 A g-1, indicating a remarkable rate performance.

17.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 54(11): 837-842, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795545

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the potential risk factors for the death of patients underwent gastric pull-up reconstruction following total pharyngoesophagectomy during perioperative periods. Methods: A total of 71 patients, including 64 males and 7 females, aged from 35 to 72 years old, with hypopharyngeal or cervical esophageal carcinoma, who underwent gastric pull-up reconstruction after pharyngoesophagectomy between October 2008 and October 2017, were reviewed retrospectively. Seventeen factors which may have potential influence on the mortality of patients during perioperative periods were evaluated by single factor Logistic regression analysis, and then those factors with obvious difference in statistics were further analyzed by multi-factor Logistic regression. Results: The rate of perioperative mortality was 9.9% (7/71). Single factor Logistic regression analysis indicated that the age of patients, abnormal electrocardiogram, TNM stages, alanine aminotransferase and D-Dimer changes, postoperative bleeding were risk factors for the death of patients(P values were 0.023, 0.004, 0.026, 0.021, 0.015 and 0.002, respectively). Multi-factor Logistic regression showed that postoperative bleeding and D-Dimer changes were 2 independent risk factors for perioperative death(P=0.021 and 0.047, respectively). Conclusions: Many potential factors may affect the perioperative mortality of patients underwent gastric pull-up reconstruction following total pharyngoesophagectomy. Postoperative bleeding and significantly elevated D-Dimer level were independent risk factors for the death of patients, indicating poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Esofagectomia/mortalidade , Esôfago/cirurgia , Faringectomia/mortalidade , Faringe/cirurgia , Estômago/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Anastomose Cirúrgica/mortalidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/sangue , Feminino , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/sangue , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/mortalidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
18.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(12): 1193-1197, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795573

RESUMO

The Health Environment Promotion Campaigns (HEPCs) focus on the major environmental health issues and relevant factors of concern among the general public, and promote the achievement of the national health goal. Based on the summary and analysis of the background, key indicators, specific actions in different domains of the HEPCs, this paper proposes suggestions for scientifically implementing HEPCs from five aspects, namely, formulating implementation plans, establishing pilot areas, building comprehensive service platforms, improving the health literacy of residents and strengthening the development of protection technologies and standards.


Assuntos
Letramento em Saúde , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos
20.
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi ; 37(10): 793-796, 2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726515

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the health of gypsum miners in Hubei province and analyze the health effects of occupational disease hazards exposure on gypsum miners. Methods: In April 2017, occupational disease hazard factors were tested on the site of a gypsum mine, and 500 workers were selected by random sampling to conduct questionnaires, relevant data such as occupational health examination was collected, and descriptive statistical analysis was performed. Results: The main occupational hazards of gypsum miners were gypsum dust and noise. The time-weighted average concentration of 8 h in the workplace was 4.32 to 9.34 mg/m(3), and the post pass rate was 69.2% (9/13) ; Respiratory dust 0.13-5.15 mg/m(3), post pass rate 75.0% (3/4). Gypsum miners had finger dysfunction and muscle numbness, joint pain (29.2%, 88/301) and chest pain and breathing difficulties (17.6%, 53/301). Followed by tinnitus, auricle pus, running water (4.7%, 14/301), abnormal muscle tension (2.7%, 8/301). The exposure of occupational disease hazards was associated with respiratory, auditory and neurological symptoms of gypsum miners. Conclusion: The long-term exposure of gypsum workers to gypsum dust, noise and other harmful factors may result in obvious symptoms of respiratory system and other health damage.


Assuntos
Sulfato de Cálcio/efeitos adversos , Mineração , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Poeira , Humanos
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