Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 390
Filtrar
1.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 24(3): 358-363, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32115620

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the associations of TNF-α -308 G>A (rs1800629) and TNF-ß 252 A>G (rs909253) with physical function and plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP). METHODS: Data of 1747 community-dwelling elders from the ageing arm of the Rugao Longevity and Ageing Study was used. Physical function was measured by handgrip strength, Timed Up and Go (TUG) test and 5-meter walking test (5MWT). RESULTS: AA genotype of the TNF-α -308 G>A was associated with higher mean time of TUG test and 5MWT (multivariable adjusted ß=5.75 and 5.70, respectively, p<0.05), compared with GG genotype. For the TNF-ß 252 A>G polymorphism, GG genotype was associated with higher mean time of TUG test and 5MWT (multivariable adjusted ß=1.55 and 0.83, respectively, p<0.05) and lower handgrip strength (multivariable adjusted ß=-0.69, p<0.05), compared with AA genotype. Further, GG was associated with greater odds of low handgrip strength (OR=1.47, 95% CI=1.06-2.04), low speed of TUG test (OR=1.87, 95% CI=1.20-2.01) and elevated BNP (OR=1.30, 95% CI=1.08-1.84). GG also interacted with elevated BNP to be associated with greater odds of low handgrip strength and 5MWT. CONCLUSIONS: TNF-ß 252 A>G was associated with physical function measurements, plasma BNP level, and odds of elevated BNP in an elderly population. TNF-ß 252 A>G also interacted with elevated BNP to be associated with greater odds of physical function measurements.

2.
Med Intensiva ; 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164999
3.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(3): 234-238, 2020 Mar 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187894

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the expression of SMARCE1 in clear cell meningioma (CCM), and evaluate the role of SMARCE1 in the differential diagnosis in morphologically similar diseases. Methods: Thirteen samples/11 cases of CCMs were collected from the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Shandong Provincial Hospital, Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University and Thaihe Hospital of Hubei Province from January 2000 to December 2018, as well as 17 cases of meningiomas with clear-cell-like morphology, 782 cases of other types of meningiomas and other intracranial tumors with clear-like morphology. A tissue microarray was made using these cases, on which immunohistochemical/histochemical staining of SMARCE1, SSTR2, EMA, Ki-67, p53, PAS and D-PAS were performed. Result: The tumor cells of CCM had sheet-like architecture, without typical whorl formation.The CCM had round to polygonal cells, with clear, glycogen-rich cytoplasm and prominent blocky perivascular and interstitial collagen. The immunohistochemistry staining showed that none of the CCMs expressed SMARCE1(0/13).However, all of the other types of lesions, including meningioma(782/782), meningiomas with clear-like morphology(17/17), intracranial metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma(10/10), haemangioblastoma(10/10), central neurocytoma(10/10), oligodendroglioma(10/10), ependymoma(13/13), lioblastoma(42/42), and solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma(35/35) showed positive nuclear staining of SMARCE1. Ki-67 index were 1%-5%, and p53 positive-rate were 0-40% in CCMs. PAS stain showed cytoplasmic granular positive and D-PAS were negative in all CCMs and meningiomas with clear-like morphology. Conclusion: SMARCE1 is a useful marker for the diagnosis of CCM and its mimickers.

4.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(3): 239-243, 2020 Mar 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187895

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, immunophenotype, molecular characteristics and differential diagnosis of primary skull base chondrosarcoma. Methods: Nine cases of primary skull base chondrosarcoma were collected at the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, from January 2006 to June 2019, reviewed for the clinical and radiologic data and morphologic features, immunophenotype and molecular characteristics. Results: Among all the 9 cases, six were male, three were frmale, with average age 47 years, and median age 47 years; five cases were WHO gradeⅠ, and four were WHO grade Ⅱ. Microscopically, the tumor showed lobulated growth pattern with low-medium cellularity within a chondroid or mucoid background. The tumor cells showed mild-moderate atypia, with binucleated forms, and mitosis was rare or occasional. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) showed tumor cells were positive for S-100 protein, vimentin, SOX-9 and D2-40, and negative for Brachyury, CK, EMA and CK8/18; the Ki-67 index was low (1% to 5%). Molecular analysis showed IDH1 R132C mutation in four cases. Conclusions: Skull base chondrosarcoma is a rare cartilaginous malignant tumor with a good prognosis. Its characteristic morphologies, combined with IHC and molecular detection are helpful for the differential diagnosis.

5.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(0): E007, 2020 Feb 16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061200

RESUMO

Objective: To explore imaging characteristics of children with 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on clinical data and chest CT images of 15 children diagnosed with 2019-nCoV. They were admitted to the third people's Hospital of Shenzhen from January 16 to February 6, 2020. The distribution and morphology of pulmonary lesions on chest CT images were analyzed. Results: Among the 15 children, there were 5 males and 10 females, aged from 4 to 14 years old. Five of the 15 children were febrile and 10 were asymptomatic on first visit. The first nasal or pharyngeal swab samples in all the 15 cases were positive for 2019-nCoV nucleic acid. For their first chest CT images, 6 patients had no lesions, while 9 patients had pulmonary inflammation lesions. Seven cases of small nodular ground glass opacities and 2 cases of speckled ground glass opacities were found. After 3 to 5 days of treatment, 2019-nCoV nucleic acid in a second respiratory sample turned negative in 6 cases. Among them, chest CT images showed less lesions in 2 cases, no lesion in 3 cases, and no improvement in 1 case. Other 9 cases were still positive in a second nucleic acid test. Six patients showed similar chest CT inflammation, while 3 patients had new lesions, which were all small nodular ground glass opacities. Conclusions: The early chest CT images of children with 2019-nCoV infection are mostly small nodular ground glass opacities. The clinical symptoms of children with 2019-nCoV infection are nonspecific. Dynamic reexamination of chest CT and nucleic acid are important.

6.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(2): 735-739, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016976

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the effects of miR-200c on the migration and proliferation of breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells and BT-549 cells and the possible mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effects of miR-200c on the proliferation and migration of highly invasive human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 and BT-549 cells were investigated by (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide) MTT and wound-healing assay. Effects of miR-200c on the expression of adhesion molecules in cells of 2 cell lines were examined by Western blot. RESULTS: MTT assay showed that miR-200c could inhibit the proliferation of MDA-MB-231 and BT-549 cells. Wound-healing assay results showed that miR-200c could inhibit the migration of MDA-MB-231 and BT-549 cells. Western blot results showed that miR-200c up-regulated the expression of E-cadherin protein and down-regulated the expression of Vimentin protein. CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that miR-200c can inhibit the proliferation of highly invasive human breast cancer cells and may inhibit cell migration by up-regulating the expression of E-cadherin protein and down-regulating the expression of Vimentin protein.

7.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 24(2): 198-204, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003411

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Recently, elevated homocysteine was reported to be associated with frailty in cross-sectional studies. However, whether homocysteine is causally associated with frailty is unknown. Here, we explore the inter-relationships between five non-synonymous genetic variants of homocysteine metabolic four genes, plasma homocysteine levels, and frailty. METHOD: Data of 1480 individuals aged 70-87 years from the ageing arm of Rugao Longevity and Ageing Study were used. Five variants of the four homocysteine metabolic enzyme genes were genotyped. Frailty was defined using Fried's phenotype criteria. RESULTS: The percentage of high homocysteine (>15µmol/L) is 33.3%. Two functional variants that decrease methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) activities, C677T (Ala222Val, rs1801133) and A1298C (Glu429Ala, rs1801131), were significantly associated with increased homocysteine levels (ß=-1.16, p=0.01; and ß=1.46, p<0.001, respectively). In addition, homocysteine increase gradually from CC-CC, CC-AC, CT-AC, CT-AA, CC-AA, to TT-AA genotypes of the C677T-A1298C combinations. The five polymorphisms in the homocysteine metabolic gene was not associated with frailty. However, homocysteine was significantly associated with frailty with an OR of 2.27 (95% 1.36-3.78) for high homocysteine after adjusting for multiple confounding factors. CONCLUSION: Elevated homocysteine is not a causal factor but a biomarker that manifests greater possibility of frailty in high risk elderly individuals for prevention.

8.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(0): E008, 2020 02 17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062875

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the characteristics of clinical manifestations and epidemiology of children with 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection. Methods: All 34 children with laboratory-confirmed 2019-nCoV infection by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR through nasopharyngeal swab specimens were admitted to the Third People's Hospital of Shenzhen from January 19 to Febuary 7, 2020. Clinical data and epidemiological history of these patients were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Results: Among the 34 cases, 14 were males, and 20 were females. The median age was 8 years and 11 months. No patients had underlying diseases. There were 28 children (82%) related with a family cluster outbreak. There were 26 children (76%) with a travel or residence history in Hubei Province. These patients could be categorized into different clinical types, including 22 (65%) common cases, 9 (26%) mild cases and 3 (8.8%) asymptomatic cases. No severe or critical cases were identified. The most common symptoms were fever (17 cases, 50%) and cough (13 cases, 38% ). In the 34 cases, the white blood cell counts of 28 cases (82%) were normal. Five cases had white blood cell counts more than 10×10(9)/L. One case had white blood cell counts less than 4×10(9)/L. Neutropenia and lymphopenia was found in one case, respectively. C-reactive protein levels and erythrocyte sedimentation rates were elevated in 1 and 5 case, respectively. Elevated procalcitonin was found in 1 case and D-Dimer in 3 cases. The levels of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) were more than 400 U/L in 10 cases. The CT images of these patients showed bilateral multiple patchy or nodular ground-glass opacities and/or infiltrating shadows in middle and outer zone of the lung or under the pleura. Twenty patients were treated with lopinavir and ritonavir. Glucocorticoids and immunoglobulin were not used in any cases. All the cases improved and were discharged from hospital. Further following up was need. Conclusions: The clinical manifestations in children with 2019-nCoV infection are non-specific and are milder than that in adults. Chest CT scanning is heplful for early diagnosis. Children's infection is mainly caused by family cluster outbreak and imported cases. Family daily prevention is the main way to prevent 2019-nCoV infection.

9.
Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol) ; 32(2): 110-120, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570246

RESUMO

AIMS: The survival benefit of radiation therapy in gastric cancer patients who underwent curative resection remains contentious. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gastric cancer patients who underwent curative resection followed by adjuvant chemotherapy or chemoradiation therapy (CRT) between 2004 and 2014 were identified from the National Cancer Database. Survival analyses were carried out with the Kaplan-Meier method and the Cox regression model. RESULTS: In total, 4347 patients were included in this study. Of these patients, 1185 patients received postoperative chemotherapy alone and 3162 patients received postoperative CRT. For all patients included in the analysis, patients who received CRT had significantly better overall survival than those who received chemotherapy alone (5-year overall survival: 54.8% versus 46.8%, P < 0.001). The survival benefit primarily occurred in patients with stage II (5-year overall survival: 58.7% versus 53.8%, P = 0.03), stage III (42.5% versus 30.3%, P < 0.001) and lymph node-positive (5-year overall survival: 52.2% versus 41.9%, P = 0.03) gastric cancer. Multivariable analysis confirmed the improvement in overall survival in patients who received postoperative CRT (hazard ratio = 0.78; 95% confidence interval, 0.661-0.926; P < 0.001) was independent of all known prognostic factors. For lymph node-positive patients with lymphovascular invasion (LVI), postoperative CRT significantly improved overall survival compared with chemotherapy alone (5-year overall survival: 49.0% versus 39.4%, P = 0.001). However, there was no survival difference between CRT and chemotherapy alone if lymph node-positive patients had no LVI (5-year overall survival: 54.5% versus 52.7%, P = 0.55). CONCLUSION: The current study suggests that postoperative CRT provides a survival benefit in gastric cancer patients with concurrent lymph node-positive and LVI-positive disease. A randomised clinical trial may further evaluate the benefit of adjuvant CRT in this subgroup.

10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(46): 3622-3626, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826583

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the impact of implant height on the morphology of cervical facet joints in artificial cervical disc replacement (ACDR). Methods: A finite element model of the cervical spine from C(2) to C(7) was constructed. The surgical processes of ACDR were simulated by insertion of 5 mm, 6 mm or 7 mm Prestige-LP artificial cervical discs. The morphological changes of cervical facet joints were recorded in terms of facet overlap distance, facet overlap area and facet angle. Results: The normal height Prestige-LP cervical disc could restore the natural status of the cervical spine. Compared with the intact condition, the model with ≥2 mm height implant would reduce the overall range of motion (ROM) by 19.2% in flexion, 19.4% in extension, 18.4% in lateral bending and 19.0% in axial rotation. Besides, the ROM at the surgical level reduced by 15.8% in flexion, 15.4% in extension and lateral bending and 19.0% in rotation. The upper and lower adjacent levels (C(4/5) and C(5/6)) showed more obvious changes in ROM, which reduced by 26.8% and 26.5% in flexion, 26.6% in extension, 26.5% and 26.4% in lateral bending, and 26.4% and 26.3% in rotation, respectively. The reduction of facet overlap distance, facet angle and facet overlap area with the ≥2 mm height artifact was 9.6%, 30.7%, and 17.9% respectively at the upper adjacent level, and 22.3%, 35.3% and 28.2% respectively at the surgical level, compared with the intact model.The morphology of facet joints at the lower adjacent level were slightly changed. Conclusion: The implant height selection in ACDR should be in accordance with the physiological intervertebral disc height. Artifact with ≥2 mm in height would obviously change the morphology of facet joints, thus should not be used in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Disco Intervertebral , Substituição Total de Disco , Articulação Zigapofisária , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Vértebras Cervicais , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular
11.
Plant Biol (Stuttg) ; 2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860937

RESUMO

In explosive pollination, many structures and mechanisms have evolved to achieve high-speed stamen movement. The male flower of the submerged plant Hydrilla verticillata is reported to be able to release pollen explosively some time after leaving the mother plant time, but the mechanism of stamen movement and the related functional structure in this species are unclear. In this study, we observed the male flower structure and pollen dispersal process of H. verticillata. We analysed the stamen movements during the pollen dispersal process and conducted several controlled experiments to study the process of storage and release of elastic potential energy in explosive pollination. When the male flower of H. verticillata is bound to the united bracts, the sepals accumulate elastic potential energy through the expansion of basal extensor cells. After the male flower is liberated from the mother plant, the stamens unfold rapidly with the sepals under adhesion and transfer the elastic potential energy to the filament in seconds. Once stamens unfold to a critical angle, at which the elasticity of the filament just exceeds the adhesion between sepals and anthers, the stamens automatically rebound and release pollen in milliseconds. These results reveal that Catapult-like stamens, spoon-shaped sepals and enclosed united bracts in the spathe together constitute the functional structure in rapid stamen movement of H. verticillata. They ensure that the pollen can be released on the water surface, and thus adapt successfully to the pollen-epihydrophilous pollination.

12.
Br Poult Sci ; : 1-10, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735080

RESUMO

1. This study was conducted to assess the effects of graded levels of dietary corn resistant starch (RS) on growth performance, carcass traits, nutrient retention, digestive organ index, intestinal morphology, digestive enzyme activities, and mRNA expression of certain nutrient transporters in broiler chickens.2. A total of 320, 1-d-old Arbor Acres broiler chickens were randomly assigned to five dietary treatments, with eight replicates of eight birds in each. These treatments included one corn-soybean control diet, a corn-soybean based diet containing 20% corn starch, and three diets supplemented with 4%, 8% and 12% RS by replacing corn starch with 6.67%, 13.33% and 20% of Hi-Maize 260® (identified as control, RS1, RS2, RS3 and RS4, respectively). The feeding period lasted 42 days.3. Performance parameters including feed consumption, feed conversion, body weight gain and percentage of abdominal fat at d 42 of age, nutrient retention (including dry matter, fat, total starch and nitrogen free extract), and apparent metabolisable energy was measured from d 18 to 20 and d 39 to 41 and showed negative linear responses to increasing dietary RS level (P < 0.05). Birds fed the RS3 and RS4 diets showed higher relative weight of duodenum, jejunum and ileum, as well as lower villus height and villus height/crypt depth compared to the control (P < 0.05). The activity of pancreatic trypsin of birds at d 21 and 42 of age decreased linearly in response to the increase of dietary RS level (P < 0.01). There were linear changes in up-regulated mRNA expression of SGLT-1 and down-regulated mRNA expression of GLUT-2 with increasing proportion of RS at d 21 and 42 of age (P < 0.05), respectively.4. It was concluded that feeding broilers with diets containing higher concentrations of RS impaired the development of small intestine, which resulted in lower apparent total tract retention of nutrients and poorer body weight gain, feed efficiency and carcass traits of broiler chickens.

13.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(8): 953-959, 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484260

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the relationship between the incidence of bacterial dysentery and related meteorological, environmental and socio-economic factors in parts of southwest China, under the geodetector. Methods: Incidence data on bacillary dysentery from 2005 to 2014 was collected from the China infectious disease reporting system and meteorological, terrain environment and socio-economic related data were used for statistical analysis with geodetector also used, in Sichuan province, Yunnan province and the Tibet autonomous region (southwest China). Results: Through geodetector model, results showed that the elevation maximum value of power of determinant (PD) (PD=0.308), ethnicity (PD=0.260), followed by summer mean temperature, topography, elevation standard deviation, slope, population density were noticed. The maximum value of PD of summer average relative humidity, summer average precipitation, and regional GDP were all less than 0.200. In the ecological detector model, value of PD appeared significantly different from multiple factors such as summer average precipitation, regional GDP, average altitude, elevation standard deviation, slope, terrain and ethnicity (P<0.05). In the interactive detector model, after the spatial interaction, factors as: value on PD of summer average relative humidity, population density and regional GDP were larger than the value on the sum of PD of two factors with nonlinear superposition enhancing trend. Results from the risk zone detection showed that areas of moderate average summer temperature, low average precipitation, moderate average summer relative humidity, high average altitude, large elevation standard deviation, high slope, mountain topography, Tibeto-Burmese of ethnicity, low population density, low regional GDP were all related to the high incidence rates of bacterial dysentery. Conclusions: Meteorological conditions and topography environments were related to the bacterial dysentery in southwest China, socio-economic behaviors depends on the level of economic development and sanitary conditions etc. were all directing influencing the transmission and incidence of bacterial dysentery. For developing a better intervention programs on bacillary dysentery, socio-economic means should be used for the control of bacillary dysentery, in the region.


Assuntos
Disenteria Bacilar/epidemiologia , Conceitos Meteorológicos , China/epidemiologia , Disenteria Bacilar/diagnóstico , Sistemas de Informação Geográfica , Humanos , Incidência , Tibet
14.
Poult Sci ; 98(12): 6400-6410, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31424515

RESUMO

This study was aimed to assess the protective effects of γ-irradiated Astragalus polysaccharides (IAPS) on the development of small intestine and intestinal mucosal immunity of immunosuppressed broilers induced by cyclophosphamide (CPM). A total of 384 one-day-old broiler chicks with similar initial weight were randomly assigned into 6 groups: non-treated group (control), and CPM-treated groups fed either a basal diet or the diets containing 900 mg/kg APS, or 900, 600, 300 mg/kg IAPS, respectively. On days 16, 18, and 20, all broilers except for control group were intramuscularly injected with 0.5 mL CPM (40 mg/kg of BW). Broilers in the control group were intramuscularly injected with 0.5 mL sterilized saline (0.75%, wt/vol). This trial was lasted for 21 d. The results revealed that both APS and IAPS treatment elevated the duodenal IgA-producing cells number and the jejunal mRNA expression of interleukin-2 (IL-2), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and interferon γ of CPM-injected broilers (P < 0.05). The decreased jejunal villus height (VH), the ratio of VH to crypt depth (V/C), as well as the intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) and goblet cells number in CPM-injected broilers were elevated by dietary supplementation with 900 mg/kg APS or 900, 600 mg/kg IAPS (P < 0.05). The CPM-induced decrease in jejunum index, the duodenal VH and the jejunal IgA-producing cells number were only improved in the 900 mg/kg IAPS group (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the number of IELs and IgA-producing cells in duodenum, VH, V/C, the number of goblet cells, and mRNA expression of IL-2 and IL-10 in jejunum were higher in the 900 mg/kg IAPS group than those in the 900 mg/kg APS group (P < 0.05). In summary, IAPS possessed stronger immunomodulatory effect than APS at the same supplementation level. Therefore, gamma irradiation can be used as an alternative treatment to enhance the immunomodulatory activity of APS.

16.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 40(6): 512-517, 2019 Jun 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340626

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the sensitivity of 8-color panels and next generation flow cytometry (NGF) for detecting minimal residual disease of multiple myeloma patients. Methods: 8-color-membrane antigens (8C-Mem) panel was built including CD45, CD38, CD138, CD19, CD56, CD81, CD27 and CD117 to identify the plasma cells, while 8-color-cytoplasmic antigens (8C-Cyto) panel was built including CD45, CD38, CD138, CD19, CD56, CD81, cKappa (cK) and cLambda (cλ) , and 8-color-two-tubes (8C-2tubes) panel were built including 8C-Mem and 8C-Cyto panels, the data of three groups was analyzed by Diva software. NGF uses Infinicyt software to fuse 8C-2tubes data to further analyze the expression of plasma antigens. Bone marrow aspiration obtained from 20 controls and 76 multiple myeloma patients who achieved complete remission were measured and analyzed. Results: Positive MRD samples were discriminated in 88.2% of the specimen evaluated through either abnormal plasma cells (aPCs) or clonal plasma cells (cPCs) by NGF antigens panel, Among of them, consistency was 94.7%. The median percentage of cPCs was 0.3530%, The lowest sensitivity of NGF was 0.0003%. In 8-color panels, the positive MRD rates of 8C-Mem, 8C-Cyto and 8C-2tubes panels were 84.2%, 85.5% and 86.8%, respectively, which lower than that of NGF (P<0.001) . The positive MRD rate of 8C-Mem and 8C-Cyto panels were lower than that of 8C-2tubes panel (P<0.001) , and the positive MRD rate of 8C-Mem panel was lower than that of 8C-Cyto panel (P<0.001) . Sensitivity and specificity of NGF was higher than that of 8-color panels. 8C-2tubes panel has the best sensitivity, accuracy, negative predicted value, positive predicted value and specificity than other 8-color panels. However, huge data and low efficiency for analysis is the disadvantage. 8C-Cyto panel was the second choice, and 8C-Mem panel was the last. Conclusions: Membrane and cytoplasmic light chain is a better method for multiple myeloma-MRD detection and NGF panel is an ideal approach. 8C-Cyto panel is recommended in 8-MFC groups.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Medula Óssea , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Neoplasia Residual , Plasmócitos
17.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(9): 3699-3708, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31114994

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Long non-coding RNA DUXAP10 plays a significant role in the tumorigenesis and development of human cancer. The present study was performed to investigate the role of DUXAP10 in biological functions and underlying molecular mechanisms of prostate cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, the quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of DUXAP10 in human prostate cancer cell lines 22RV1, PC3, and DU145. Subsequently, small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) targeting at DUXAP10 mRNA were used to downregulate DUXAP10 expression. Then, the biological functions of DUXAP10 in prostate cancer cells, proliferation, migration, and apoptosis were studied by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, colony-formation assay, cell cycle analysis, transwell migration assay, wound healing assay, and cell apoptosis assay, respectively. Finally, qRT-PCR analysis and Western blot assay were used to investigate the molecular mechanisms of DUXAP10 underlying the progression of prostate cancer. RESULTS: Results showed that the expression of DUXAP10 was higher in PC3 and DU145 cell lines than that in the 22RV1 cell line. Additionally, the knockdown of DUXAP10 could remarkably inhibit the proliferation, migration, and induce apoptosis of prostate cancer cells, and significantly increase the number of G0/G1 cells in PC3 and DU145 cell lines. Moreover, DUXAP10 could promote the development of prostate cancer by regulating the process of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study suggested that the down-regulation of DUXAP10 expression suppressed the progression of prostate cancer by inhibiting cell proliferation, migration and promote cell apoptosis.

18.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 40(2): 117-124, 2019 Feb 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30831626

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the efficacy of induction chemotherapy with or without autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) for newly diagnosed young diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients. Methods: The retrospective study was performed in 90 cases of young patients (≤60 years) with newly diagnosed DLBCL and an age-adjusted International Prognostic Index (aa-IPI) score of 2 or 3. All of them were treated with R-CHOP (32 cases, rituximab combined with CHOP), dose-intensive regimens (DA-EPOCH, Hyper CVAD/MA or ESHAP) combined with or without rituximab (25 cases), and consolidated with up-front auto-HSCT (33 cases), respectively. The efficacy and the potential predictors were evaluated. Results: ①The median age of 90 patients was 43 (18-60) years old. The median follow-up time was 42 (3-110) months. ②The 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) for R-CHOP group, dose-intensive chemotherapy group and auto-HSCT group were (33.5±10.7) %, (55.3±10.1) % and (65.8±13.6) % (P=0.012), the 5-year overall survival (OS) were (49.7±9.0) %, (61.6±10.2) % and (78.6±7.8) % (P=0.035), respectively. There was no significant difference in 5-years PFS and OS between the R-CHOP group and dose-intensive chemotherapy group (P=0.519, P=0.437) compared with that of the dose-intensive chemotherapy group, auto-HSCT group has higher 5-year PFS (P=0.042). ③ When stratified with IPI score, the high-risk group treated with auto-HSCT (26 cases) showed similar 5-years PFS and 5-years OS to those in the low-risk group with chemotherapy alone (12 cases were in R-CHOP group and 8 cases were in dose-intensive chemotherapy group) [5-years PFS were (62.3 ±14.3)%, (58.3 ±18.6)% and (51.4±18.7)%, respectively, P=0.686; 5-years OS were (69.2±13.9)%, (62.5±15.5)% and (58.3±18.6)%, respectively, P=0.592]. ④However, the high-risk group treated with auto-HSCT (26 cases) showed superior 5-years PFS (P=0.002) and 5-years OS (P=0.019) compared to the high-risk group with chemotherapy alone (20 cases were in R-CHOP group and 17 cases were in dose-intensive chemotherapy group) [5-years PFS were (62.3±14.3)%, (41.1±13.5)% and (21.9±11.6)%, respectively; 5-years OS were (69.2±13.9)%, (51.5%±14.0)% and (35.4±13.6)%, respectively]. ⑤In the univariate analysis, as a whole, patients diagnosed with GCB subtype had higher 3-years PFS (P=0.022) and 3-years OS (P=0.037) compared to non-GCB subtype patients; in subgroup analysis, patients diagnosed with GCB subtype had higher 3-years PFS and 3-years OS compared to non-GCB subtype both in R-CHOP group (P=0.030, P=0.041) and dose-intensive chemotherapy group (P=0.044, P=0.047), but not in auto-HSCT group (P=0.199, P=0.093). ⑥In the multivariate analysis, different molecular classification (GCB/non-GCB) was an independent predictor for PFS and OS both in R-CHOP group [HR=0.274 (95% CI 0.094-0.800), P=0.018; HR=0.408 (95% CI 0.164-1.015), P=0.045] and dose-intensive chemotherapy group [HR=0.423 (95% CI 0.043-1.152), P=0.048; HR=5.758 (95% CI 0.882-6.592), P=0.035]. However, there was no significant difference in PFS and OS for auto-HSCT group between GCB/non-GCB patients. Conclusion: Induction chemotherapy followed by up-front auto-HSCT has significant effect on efficacy for young and untreated patients with high risk DLBCL. Combined with induction chemotherapy followed by up-front auto-HSCT could improve the prognosis of non-GCB patients.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Adolescente , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Ciclofosfamida , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Doxorrubicina , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Transplante Autólogo , Vincristina , Adulto Jovem
20.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(4): 1468-1475, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30840268

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of hsa-microRNA-99b/let-7e/microRNA-125a cluster in the progression of liver cancer and its possible regulatory mechanisms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten liver cancer tissues were randomly selected and matched with normal liver tissue samples. The mRNA expression levels of miR-99b, let-7e and miR-125a were detected by Real Time-quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-qPCR). The three miRNA mimics were transfected alone or together into hepatoma cells SMMC-7721; at the same time, the knockdown of the three miRNAs was also performed. Then the cell invasive and migratory abilities were examined through transwell assay. Bioinformatics analysis was used to detect the potential transcription factors that bind to the hsa-microRNA-99b/let-7e/microRNA-125a promoter sequence, and the binding of the two was verified by the Luciferase reporting assay. The level of hsa-microRNA-99b/let-7e/microRNA-125a mature mRNA was detected after ZEB1 was inhibited by ZEB1 siRNA. Meanwhile, after interfering with Drosha and ZEB1, the expression level of hsa-microRNA-99b/let-7e/microRNA-125a of the primary transcript was examined. Rescue experiments were carried out to assess the role of hsa-microRNA-99b/let-7e/microRNA-125a in the ZEB1 regulation of invasive cell capacity. RESULTS: The mRNA levels of microRNA-99b, let-7e, and microRNA-125a in 10 selected hepatocarcinoma tissues were significantly higher than those in the matched paracancerous tissues. After overexpressing the three miRNA mimics either alone or together, cell invasive and migratory abilities were extensively enhanced, and vice versa. It was found that there is a binding site in the upstream sequence of the promoter region of the hsa-microRNA-99b/let-7e/microRNA-125a cluster for ZEB1. The Luciferase reporter gene results showed an increase in the Luciferase activity of the cells transfected with E-box element wild-type sequence, while mutant E-box element group did not change. After knocking out ZEB1, the levels of mature microRNA-99b, let-7e and microRNA-125a were reduced. However, when DROSHA was knocked out, the levels of immature microRNA-99b, let-7e and microRNA-125a were increased, while simultaneous knocking out ZEB1 reversed this effect. Besides, the invasive ability of SMMC-7721 cells decreased after KEB1 was knocked down, while the opposite result was observed after transfection of hsa-microRNA-99b/let-7e/microRNA-125a alone or together. CONCLUSIONS: Hsa-microRNA-99b/let-7e/microRNA-125a cluster is highly-expressed in hepatocarcinoma, and its expression can be regulated by ZEB1. In addition, the overexpression of this cluster can promote the invasion of liver cancer cells and advance liver cancer progression.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA