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1.
N Engl J Med ; 381(12): 1124-1135, 2019 09 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31150573

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Platinum-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy is the standard of care for patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Additional gemcitabine and cisplatin induction chemotherapy has shown promising efficacy in phase 2 trials. METHODS: In a parallel-group, multicenter, randomized, controlled, phase 3 trial, we compared gemcitabine and cisplatin as induction chemotherapy plus concurrent chemoradiotherapy with concurrent chemoradiotherapy alone. Patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive gemcitabine (at a dose of 1 g per square meter of body-surface area on days 1 and 8) plus cisplatin (80 mg per square meter on day 1), administered every 3 weeks for three cycles, plus chemoradiotherapy (concurrent cisplatin at a dose of 100 mg per square meter every 3 weeks for three cycles plus intensity-modulated radiotherapy) or chemoradiotherapy alone. The primary end point was recurrence-free survival (i.e., freedom from disease recurrence [distant metastasis or locoregional recurrence] or death from any cause) in the intention-to-treat population. Secondary end points included overall survival, treatment adherence, and safety. RESULTS: A total of 480 patients were included in the trial (242 patients in the induction chemotherapy group and 238 in the standard-therapy group). At a median follow-up of 42.7 months, the 3-year recurrence-free survival was 85.3% in the induction chemotherapy group and 76.5% in the standard-therapy group (stratified hazard ratio for recurrence or death, 0.51; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.34 to 0.77; P = 0.001). Overall survival at 3 years was 94.6% and 90.3%, respectively (stratified hazard ratio for death, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.24 to 0.77). A total of 96.7% of the patients completed three cycles of induction chemotherapy. The incidence of acute adverse events of grade 3 or 4 was 75.7% in the induction chemotherapy group and 55.7% in the standard-therapy group, with a higher incidence of neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, anemia, nausea, and vomiting in the induction chemotherapy group. The incidence of grade 3 or 4 late toxic effects was 9.2% in the induction chemotherapy group and 11.4% in the standard-therapy group. CONCLUSIONS: Induction chemotherapy added to chemoradiotherapy significantly improved recurrence-free survival and overall survival, as compared with chemoradiotherapy alone, among patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma. (Funded by the Innovation Team Development Plan of the Ministry of Education and others; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01872962.).


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Quimiorradioterapia , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Quimioterapia de Indução , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução/efeitos adversos , Leucopenia/induzido quimicamente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/terapia , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
2.
Biotechnol Lett ; 41(6-7): 701-709, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30953310

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of full-length fragment of DNA topoisomerase I gene (TOP1) matrix attachment regions (MARs) originating from the human genome on transgene expression in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and explore the underlying mechanisms. RESULTS: Results showed that TOP1 MAR cannot only enhance the transient and stable transgenic expression of enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) but also increase long-term stability and ratio of positive colonies in transfected CHO cells with TOP1 MAR at the 5' or 3' ends of the EGFP expression cassette. Interestingly, the CHO cells were transfected with the 5',3' TOP1 MAR-containing vector featured the highest transient and stable expression, whereas those with the 3' TOP1 MAR-containing vector exhibited the most effective stability and ratio of positive colonies. We also observed that transgene copy numbers and mRNA of egfp gene were correlated with the expression levels of EGFP protein in polyclonal CHO cells. However, the heterogeneity of expression in monoclonal CHO cells was unaffected by transgene copy number. CONCLUSIONS: The findings may aid in the potential application of TOP1 MAR in expression enhancement of recombinant proteins in mammalian cells.

3.
Bioorg Chem ; 88: 102940, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31028991

RESUMO

A series of imidazo[4,5f][1,10]phenanthroline derivatives (1-6) have been synthesized in this study, and their inhibitory activity was evaluated by MTT assay. Results showed that all of these compounds demonstrate a promising inhibitory activity against a panel of human cancer cell lines. The 6, the most effective compound with IC50 of approximately 2.3 ±â€¯0.1 µM, was against the growth and could induce autophagy of HepG2 cells. This condition was confirmed by abundant autophagic vacuoles appearing in cells and evident ultrastructural changes observed under transmission electron microscopy. The autophage induced by 6 has also been demonstrated by up-regulating LC3-II and Beclin1. The apoptosis and G2/M phase cell cycle arrest through DSB damage have also been confirmed after the HepG2 cells were treated by 6. These multiple effects, especially induction apoptosis and autophagy, indicate the potential of 6 for development as a novel anticancer drug.

4.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 2018 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30445021

RESUMO

Combining radiosensitizers with ionizing radiation (IR) is an effective strategy to increase the radiation therapeutic effect for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. A phenanthroline derivative, 2-phenyl-imidazo [4, 5f] [1, 10] phenanthroline (L02), had been synthesized. This study investigated the radiosensitization and mechanisms of L02 combined with IR against HCC. The radiosensitization of L02 combined with IR was evaluated by the sensitivity enhancement ratio (SER) and the isobolographic analysis. The toxicity of L02 and cisplatin were compared by the zebrafish model. The cell cycle and apoptosis were examined by flow cytometry. DNA damage was measured by comet assay and the expressions of apoptosis related proteins were analyzed by western blotting. L02 was effective in sensitizing HCC to IR. The SERs in HepG2 and BEL7402 were 1.41 and 1.28, respectively. The sensitization of L02 was comparable with cisplatin. L02 treatment with IR had synergistic anti-tumor effect. L02 enhanced the percentage of IR induced apoptosis cells. L02 increased comet tail in comet assay when combined with IR. L02 sensitized HCC to IR by the activation of P53 signaling, the decrease in Bcl-2, up-regulation of cytochrome c and the subsequent activation of caspase-3. L02 sensitizes HCC to IR, mostly likely by inhibiting cell proliferation, inducing DNA damage and mitochondria-dependent apoptosis. L02 may be a novel radiosensitizer for HCC.

5.
Oncotarget ; 8(32): 52708-52723, 2017 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28881764

RESUMO

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a head and neck cancer with high incidence in South China and East Asia. To provide a theoretical basis for NPC risk screening and early prevention, we conducted a meta-analysis of relevant literature on the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP)s with NPC susceptibility. Further, expression of 15 candidate SNPs identified in the meta-analysis was evaluated in a cohort of NPC patients and healthy volunteers using next-generation sequencing technology. Among the 15 SNPs detected in the meta-analysis, miR-146a (rs2910164, C>G), HCG9 (rs3869062, A>G), HCG9 (rs16896923, T>C), MMP2 (rs243865, C>T), GABBR1 (rs2076483, T>C), and TP53 (rs1042522, C>G) were associated with decreased susceptibility to NPC, while GSTM1 (+/DEL), IL-10 (rs1800896, A>G), MDM2 (rs2279744, T>G), MDS1-EVI1 (rs6774494, G>A), XPC (rs2228000, C>T), HLA-F (rs3129055, T>C), SPLUNC1 (rs2752903, T>C; and rs750064, A>G), and GABBR1 (rs29232, G>A) were associated with increased susceptibility to NPC. In our case-control study, an association with increased risk for NPC was found for the AG vs AA genotype in HCG9 (rs3869062, A>G). In addition, heterozygous deletion of the GSTM1 allele was associated with increased susceptibility to NPC, while an SNP in GABBR1 (rs29232, G>A) was associated with decreased risk, and might thus have a protective role on NPC carcinogenesis. This work provides the first comprehensive assessment of SNP expression and its relationship to NPC risk. It suggests the need for well-designed, larger confirmatory studies to validate its findings.

6.
Oncotarget ; 8(36): 60504-60513, 2017 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28947989

RESUMO

We compared the treatment outcomes, toxicities and prognoses of patients with stage IE-IIE extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) or three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT). Newly diagnosed early-stage ENKTL patients (N = 173) were enrolled and received extended involved-field radiotherapy following induction chemotherapy. Patients were treated with 3DCRT (n = 98) or IMRT (n = 75). One-to-one matching of the IMRT and 3DCRT groups was performed through propensity score matching, which yielded 23 pairs of patients. The two groups achieved similar complete remission rates before and after radiotherapy (P > 0.05). All patients were followed up for a median of 41 months. The rates of local recurrence-free survival (LRFS, P < 0.001), progression-free survival (PFS, P = 0.003) and overall survival (OS, P = 0.003) were longer in the IMRT than 3DCRT group. In the matched patients, IMRT was still associated with superior LRFS (P = 0.024), but not with improved PFS (P = 0.113) or OS (P = 0.115). Multivariate analysis also suggested IMRT was a favorable independent factor for LRFS (HR = 2.230, P = 0.043), but not for PFS (P = 0.195) or OS (P = 0.116). Equivalent acute toxicities were observed for 3DCRT and IMRT; however, among stage II patients who had received cervical irradiation, the rate of late xerostomia was lower in the IMRT than 3DCRT group (38.5% vs. 66.7%, P = 0.046). Overall, IMRT yielded a better treatment response and local control than 3DCRT, and tended to reduce late xerostomia in patients with cervical irradiation, but failed to enhance OS. Thus, IMRT is recommended for the treatment of stage IE-IIE ENKTL patients.

7.
Molecules ; 22(5)2017 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28531122

RESUMO

Herein, a series of imidazo[4,5-f][1,10] phenanthroline derivatives RPIP (PIP = imidazo [4,5-f][1,10] phenanthroline, R = NO2, 1; CF3, 2; Cl, 3; OH, 4) have been synthesized in yields of 82.3-94.7% at 100 °C under the irradiation of microwave. MTT assay has been utilized to evaluate the inhibitory activity (IC50) of these compounds against the growth of various tumor cells, and the results revealed that these compounds, especially 1, exhibited excellent inhibitory activity against the growth of A549 cells with IC50 of 15.03 µM. Moreover, it's also confirmed that 1 can penetrate into the membrane of tumor cells and distribute in mitochondria when observed under microscopy, resulting apoptosis of tumor cells. The further studies showed that 1 can bind to bcl-2 G-quadruplex DNA, which demonstrated by the increase of melting point of bcl-2 G4 DNA in the presence of 1, as well as electronic titration and emission spectra. In a word, this kind of compound may develop as a potential apoptosis inducer in cancer chemotherapy via binding and stabilizing to the bcl-2 G-quadruplex DNA.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Quadruplex G/efeitos dos fármacos , Imidazóis/síntese química , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenantrolinas/síntese química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/agonistas , Células A549 , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Transporte Biológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Micro-Ondas , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Desnaturação de Ácido Nucleico , Fenantrolinas/farmacologia , Estabilidade Proteica , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo
8.
Oncotarget ; 8(7): 11480-11488, 2017 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28002792

RESUMO

This study retrospectively investigated asparaginase-based chemotherapy treatment outcomes with or without radiotherapy in 143 patients with stage IE-IIE extranodal natural killer/T cell lymphoma (ENKTCL). All patients received a median of three cycles of asparaginase-based chemotherapy, while 121 patients received radiotherapy following the chemotherapy. The complete remission (CR) rate for all patients post-chemotherapy was 58.7%, and rose to 73.4% by the end of treatment. Patients who received radiotherapy achieved better survival outcomes than those who did not (89.7% vs. 49.0% for 2-year overall survival (OS), P<0.001; 86.8% vs. 37.4% for 2-year progression-free survival (PFS), P<0.001). Additionally, even patients who achieved CR post-chemotherapy exhibited differential survival rates with or without radiotherapy (90.8% vs. 60% for 2-year OS, P=0.006; 86.1% vs. 60% for 2-year PFS, P=0.044). Multivariate analysis revealed that radiotherapy was an independent factor favoring OS (HR=0.098, 95%CI=0.031-0.314, P=0.001) and PFS (HR=0.156, 95%CI=0.062-0.396, P=0.001). Thus, radiotherapy is recommended for stage IE-IIE ENKTCL patients treated with asparaginase-based chemotherapy, even in cases of CR following chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/mortalidade , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Asparaginase/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Front Immunol ; 8: 1786, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29312314

RESUMO

Background: CXCR5+CD8+ T cells have been demonstrated to play an important role in the control of chronic viral replication; however, the relationship between CXCR5+CD8+ T cells, HIV disease progression, and programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) expression profile on CXCR5+CD8+ T cells during HIV infection remain poorly understood. Methods: We enrolled a total of 101 HIV patients, including 62 typical progressors, 26 complete responders (CRs), and 13 immune non-responders (INRs). Flow cytometric analysis, immunohistochemical staining, and relative function (i.e., cytokine secretion and PD-1 blockade) assays were performed to analyze the properties of CXCR5+CD8+ T cells. Results: HIV-specific CXCR5+CD8+ T cells in the peripheral blood and distribution of CXCR5+CD8+ T cells in the lymph node (LN) were negatively correlated with disease progression during chronic HIV infection. PD-1 was highly expressed on CXCR5+CD8+ T cells and positively associated with peripheral CD4+ T cell counts. Functionally, IFN-γ and TNF-α production of CXCR5+CD8+ T cells were reduced by PD-1 pathway blockade, but the production of IFN-γ and TNF-α from CXCR5-CD8+ T cells increased in response to TCR stimulation. Interestingly, PD-1 expression was constantly retained on CXCR5+CD8+ T cells while significantly decreased on CXCR5-CD8+ T cells after successful antiretroviral treatment in chronic HIV-infected patients. Conclusion: PD-1+CXCR5+CD8+ T cells are functional cytotoxic T cells during chronic HIV infection. PD-1+CXCR5+CD8+ T cells may represent a novel therapeutic strategy for the disease.

10.
Transl Oncol ; 9(4): 329-35, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27567956

RESUMO

PURPOSE: It deserves investigation whether induction chemotherapy (IC) followed by intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) is inferior to the current standard of IMRT plus concurrent chemotherapy (CC) in locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma. METHODS: Patients who received IC (94 patients) or CC (302 patients) plus IMRT at our center between March 2003 and November 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. Propensity-score matching method was used to match patients in both arms at equal ratio. Failure-free survival (FFS), overall survival (OS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), and locoregional relapse-free survival (LRFS) were assessed with Kaplan-Meier method, log-rank test, and Cox regression. RESULTS: In the original cohort of 396 patients, IC plus IMRT resulted in similar FFS (P = .565), OS (P = .334), DMFS (P = .854), and LRFS (P = .999) to IMRT plus CC. In the propensity-matched cohort of 188 patients, no significant survival differences were observed between the two treatment approaches (3-year FFS 80.3% vs 81.0%, P = .590; OS 93.4% vs 92.1%, P = .808; DMFS 85.9% vs 87.7%, P = .275; and LRFS 93.1% vs 92.0%, P = .763). Adjusting for the known prognostic factors in multivariate analysis, IC plus IMRT did not cause higher risk of treatment failure, death, distant metastasis, or locoregional relapse. CONCLUSIONS: IC plus IMRT appeared to achieve comparable survival to IMRT plus CC in locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Further investigations were warranted.

11.
Genet Mol Biol ; 39(2): 239-47, 2016 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27192131

RESUMO

Dunaliella salina, a single-celled marine alga with extreme salt tolerance, is an important model organism for studying fundamental extremophile survival mechanisms and their potential practical applications. In this study, two-dimensional differential in-gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) was used to investigate the expression of halotolerant proteins under high (3 M NaCl) and low (0.75 M NaCl) salt concentrations. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/TOF MS) and bioinformatics were used to identify and characterize the differences among proteins. 2D-DIGE analysis revealed 141 protein spots that were significantly differentially expressed between the two salinities. Twenty-four differentially expressed protein spots were successfully identified by MALDI-TOF/TOF MS, including proteins in the following important categories: molecular chaperones, proteins involved in photosynthesis, proteins involved in respiration and proteins involved in amino acid synthesis. Expression levels of these proteins changed in response to the stress conditions, which suggests that they may be involved in the maintenance of intracellular osmotic pressure, cellular stress responses, physiological changes in metabolism, continuation of photosynthetic activity and other aspects of salt stress. The findings of this study enhance our understanding of the function and mechanisms of various proteins in salt stress.

12.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 129(3): 304-8, 2016 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26831232

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is high among individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in China. Both HIV and HBV can be treated with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) and lamivudine (3TC), so we evaluated the safety and efficacy of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) that included TDF, 3TC, and efavirenz (EFV) among ART-naive individuals who were co-infected with HIV and HBV. METHODS: One hundred HIV/HBV co-infected ARV-naive individuals were started on the regimen of TDF, 3TC, and EFV, and the levels of plasma HBV DNA, HIV RNA, and biochemical evaluation related to the function of liver and kidney were analyzed. RESULTS: Concerning efficacy, this study found that by week 48, the vast majority co-infected participants receiving this ART regimen had undetectable HBV DNA levels (71%) and/or HIV RNA levels (90%). Concerning safety, this study found that the median estimated glomerular filtration rate of participants decreased from baseline (109 ml·min-1·1.73 m-2) to week 12 (104 ml·min-1·1.73 m-2) but was almost back to baseline at week 48 (111 ml·min-1·1.73 m-2). CONCLUSION: This combination ART regimen is safe and effective for patients with HIV/HBV co-infection. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01751555; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01751555.


Assuntos
Benzoxazinas/uso terapêutico , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Lamivudina/uso terapêutico , Tenofovir/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Alanina Transaminase/metabolismo , Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Aspartato Aminotransferases/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Coinfecção/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Vírus da Hepatite B/efeitos dos fármacos , Vírus da Hepatite B/patogenicidade , Humanos , Masculino
13.
Yi Chuan ; 37(7): 720-30, 2015 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26351172

RESUMO

The auxin response gene family adjusts the auxin balance and the growth hormone signaling pathways in plants. Using bioinformatics methods, the auxin-response genes from the grape genome database are identified and their chromosomal location, gene collinearity and phylogenetic analysis are performed. Probable genes include 25 AUX_IAA, 19 ARF, 9 GH3 and 42 LBD genes, which are unevenly distributed on all 19 chromosomes and some of them formed distinct tandem duplicate gene clusters. The available grape microarray databases show that all of the auxin-response genes are expressed in fruit and leaf buds, and significant overexpressed during fruit color-changing, bud break and bud dormancy periods. This paper provides a resource for functional studies of auxin-response genes in grape leaf and fruit development.


Assuntos
Genoma de Planta , Ácidos Indolacéticos/farmacologia , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/farmacologia , Vitis/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Biologia Computacional , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Família Multigênica , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Filogenia
14.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 15(15): 6047-52, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25124572

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Weight loss during chemotherapy has not been exclusively investigated. Macrophage inhibitory cytokine-1 (MIC-1) might play a role in its etiology. Here, we investigated the prognostic value of weight loss before chemotherapy and its relationship with MIC-1 concentration and its occurrence during chemotherapy in patients with advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 157 inoperable locally advanced or metastatic ESCC patients receiving first-line chemotherapy. Serum MIC-1 concentrations were assessed before chemotherapy. Patients were assigned into two groups according to their weight loss before or during chemotherapy: >5% weight loss group and≤5% weight loss group. RESULTS: Patients with weight loss>5% before chemotherapy had shorter progression-free survival period (5.8 months vs. 8.7 months; p=0.027) and overall survival (10.8 months vs. 20.0 months; p=0.010). Patients with weight loss>5% during chemotherapy tended to have shorter progression-free survival (6.0 months vs. 8.1 months; p=0.062) and overall survival (8.6 months vs. 18.0 months; p=0.022), and if weight loss was reversed during chemotherapy, survival rates improved. Furthermore, serum MIC-1 concentration was closely related to weight loss before chemotherapy (p=0.001) CONCLUSIONS: Weight loss both before and during chemotherapy predicted poor outcome in advanced ESCC patients, and MIC-1 might be involved in the development of weight loss in such patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/sangue , Neoplasias Esofágicas/sangue , Fator 15 de Diferenciação de Crescimento/sangue , Perda de Peso , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/secundário , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
15.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 15(2): 945-50, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24568523

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the value of systemic inflammatory markers as independent prognostic factors and the extent these markers improve prognostic classification for patients with inoperable advanced or metastatic gastric cancer (GC) receiving palliative chemotherapy. METHODS: We studied the prognostic value of systemic inflammatory factors such as circulating white blood cell count and its components as well as that combined to form inflammation-based prognostic scores (Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS), Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR), Platelet Lymphocyte Ratio (PLR), Prognostic Index (PI) and Prognostic Nutritional Index (PNI)) in 384 patients with inoperable advanced or metastatic gastric cancer (GC) receiving first-line chemotherapy. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to examine the impact of inflammatory markers on overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Univariate analysis revealed that an elevated white blood cell, neutrophil and/or platelet count, a decreased lymphocyte count, a low serum albumin concentration, and high CRP concentration, as well as elevated NLR/PLR , GPS, PI, PNI were significant predictors of shorter OS. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that only elevated neutrophil count (HR 3.696, p=0.003) and higher GPS (HR 1.621, p=0.01) were independent predictors of poor OS. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated elevated pretreatment neutrophil count and high GPS to be independent predictors of shorter OS in inoperable advanced or metastatic GC patients treated with first-line chemotherapy. Upon validation of these data in independent studies, stratification of patients using these markers in future clinical trials is recommended.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Neutrófilos/patologia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/imunologia , Inflamação/mortalidade , Inflamação/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/imunologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Linfócitos/patologia , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Peritoneais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Peritoneais/imunologia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/imunologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Taxa de Sobrevida
16.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 46(1): 144-8, 2014 Feb 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24535367

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of albumin-bound paclitaxel in patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC). METHODS: The patients with histopathologic or cytopathologic diagnosed advanced gastric cancer (AGC), Karnofsky performance status ≥ 60, and life expectancy >12 weeks, and with adequate organ functions of the bone marrow, liver, kidney and heart were recuited in our study. albumin-bound paclitaxel was administered alone or combined with capecitabine, TS-1, trastuzumab or cetuxizumb. The total doses of albumin-bound paclitaxel were 200-400 mg (130-260 mg/m(2)), divided on days 1, 8 or days 1,8, and 15, given intravenously during 30 minutes of a 21-day cycle. Tumor response was evaluated according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.0. The adverse events (AE) were graded according to National Cancer Institute-Common Toxicity Criteria (NCI-CTC) 3.0 version. RESULTS: From July 2009 to Octobor 2012, the total of 25 patients were treated and completed 65 cycles of chemotherapy (median: 2 cycles, and range: 0.5-7). The median age was 57 years (range: 38-79). The majority of the patients were with non-gastroesophageal junction cancers and had metastasic disease with lymph nodes and peritoneum. Eleven patients were chemotherapy naive and the others had accepted previous systemic therapy for advanced disease. 16 patients were evaluable for clinical response. No complete response was observed and partial response (PR) was achieved in 5 patients. Five patients had stable disease and 6 patients progressed. Among the chemotherapy naive patients, 8 patients were evaluable for response, 3 patients had partial response (37.5%) and 1 patient had stable disease (tumor shrink). The clinical response rate was 50%. Time to treatment failure (TTF)was 3.7 months(95% CI 2.32-5.08) and time to death (TTD)was 7.9 months (95% CI 5.17-10.63). No statistical differences in TTF and TTD were observed between the untreated and the retreated patients or the monotherapy and the combination therapy groups. All the patients were suitable for safety assessment. Most toxicities were mild with grades 1/2. Hematologic AEs were more common with leucopenia and neutropenia. Meanwhile, nausea/vomiting, fatigue, peripheral neuropathy were the most common non-hematologic AEs. No allergic reaction or treatment-related deaths were recorded. CONCLUSION: AGC patients could benefit from albumin-bound paclitaxel with lower dose level than breast cancer patients. Additional phase I/II studies of albumin-bound paclitaxel in gastric cancer are warranted.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Paclitaxel/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Paclitaxel Ligado a Albumina , Albuminas/administração & dosagem , Albuminas/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Capecitabina , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Desoxicitidina/uso terapêutico , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Fluoruracila/análogos & derivados , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Indução de Remissão , Trastuzumab
17.
J Theor Biol ; 343: 199-207, 2014 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24060619

RESUMO

Metabolism is a very important cellular process and its malfunction contributes to human disease. Therefore, building dynamic models for metabolic networks with experimental data in order to analyze biological process rationally has attracted a lot of attention. Owing to the technical limitations, some unknown parameters contained in models need to be estimated effectively by means of the computational method. Generally, problems of parameter estimation of nonlinear biological network are known to be ill condition and multimodal. In particular, with the increasing amount and enlarging the scope of parameters, many optimization algorithms often fail to find a global solution. In this paper, two-stage variable factor Bregman regularization homotopy method is proposed. Discrete homotopy is used to identify the possible extreme region and continuous homotopy is executed for the purpose of stability of path tracing in the special region. Meanwhile, Latin hypercube sampling is introduced to get the good initial guess value and a perturbation strategy is developed to jump out of the local optimum. Three metabolic network inverse problems are investigated to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Ácido Araquidônico/metabolismo , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo
18.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 16(6): 524-8, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23801203

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation of MDR1 and ABCG2 genetic polymorphisms with the efficacy and adverse events of irinotecan chemotherapy in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: Clinical data of CRC patients treated with irinotecan-based chemotherapy in the Peking University Cancer Hospital between January 1996 and December 2011 were collected, and their blood samples were collected accordingly. Genomic DNA was extracted from blood samples. The following SNP detection of MDR1 and ABCG2 genes was conducted by direct sequencing method. The correlation of genetic SNPs with efficacy and toxicity of irinotecan treatment was further analyzed. RESULTS: Allele frequencies of MDR1 2677 G>T/A, ABCG2 421 C>A, 34 G>A, 376 C>T were comparable with previous studies. Genetic SNPs results from peripheral blood samples and tumor tissues were highly consistent. Patients carrying MDR1 2677 wild type had higher clinical benefit than those carrying mutant genotype, while the differences were not significant. The progression-free survival (PFS) was longer in wild-type patients as compared to mutant-type patients in second-line chemotherapy (P=0.012). There were no significant correlations between ABCG2 421 C>A, 34 G>A, 376 C>T and chemotherapy efficacy. No significant correlations were observed between MDR1 2677 G>T/A, ABCG2 421 C>A, ABCG2 34 G>A, ABCG2 376 C>T and irinotecan-related grade 3 and 4 neutropenia or diarrhea. CONCLUSION: MDR1 2677 G>T/A may be served as a biomarker in predicting the efficacy of irinotecan chemotherapy in patients with colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Membro 1 da Subfamília B de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Subfamília B de Transportador de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP , Membro 2 da Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP , Adulto , Idoso , Camptotecina/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Irinotecano , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
BMC Infect Dis ; 13: 46, 2013 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23356471

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral Candida colonization and its relation with predisposing factors in HIV-infected patients have received wide concerns during recent decades. In this study, we investigated asymptomatic oral Candida carriage rate, species distribution and antifungal susceptibility of 604 HIV-infected patients and 851 healthy individuals in Kunming, Yunnan Province of China. METHODS: Mucosal swab sampling was taken from each subject and CHROMagar Candida agar medium and API 20C AUX system were used to identify yeast isolates. In vitro antifungal susceptibility was tested by the broth microdilution method according to the M27-A2 document of the Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute (CLSI). RESULTS: The oral yeast colonization rate in HIV-infected patients (49.5%) was higher than that of healthy subjects (20.7%). Candida albicans constituted the most frequent species, accounting for 82.2% of yeast isolates. The remaining species were composed of C. glabrata, C. parapsilosis, C. krusei, C. tropicalis, C. rugosa, C. norvegensis, Pichia ohmeri and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In HIV-infected patients, asymptomatic oral yeast colonization was associated with low CD4 cell count (<200 cells/mm3) and lack of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Different Candida species isolated from our samples presented different susceptibility to voriconazole, fluconazole and itraconazole. Amphotericin B had the best inhibiting effect for all isolates. CONCLUSION: Oral yeast colonization in Han Chinese patients with HIV from Kunming had common and unique features and was associated with CD4 cell number and HARRT. Amphotericin B should be used with first priority in controlling Candida infection in Han Chinese patients from Kunming. Our results provide first hand information on monitoring oral yeasts colonization in HIV-infected patients from Kunming, China.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Candida/efeitos dos fármacos , Candidíase Bucal/epidemiologia , Portador Sadio/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Terapia Antirretroviral de Alta Atividade/métodos , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , Candida/classificação , Candida/isolamento & purificação , Candidíase Bucal/microbiologia , Portador Sadio/microbiologia , China , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/imunologia , Humanos , Masculino , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Adulto Jovem
20.
Mol Biol Rep ; 39(6): 6825-34, 2012 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22318547

RESUMO

A total of 6,230 EST sequences were produced from 7,561 clones in a cDNA library generated from grapevine (Vitis vinifera cv. 'Summer Black') flower and fruit tissues in this study. After cluster and assembly analysis of the datasets, 3,582 unigenes (GenBank accession numbers GW836604-GW840185) were established, among which 381 were new grapevine EST sequences. Out of the 381 new ESTs, 289 could be mapped on the 19 grapevine chromosomes. 913 unique ESTs with known or putative functions were assigned to 11 putative cellular roles. 540 potentially workable grapevine EST-SSRs were developed from 3,582 unigenes and about 42.6% of these unigenes were identified as true-to-type SSR loci and could amplify polymorphic bands from 22 individual plants of V. vinifera L, indicating that grapevine EST datasets are a valuable source for the development of functional simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers.


Assuntos
Etiquetas de Sequências Expressas , Flores/genética , Frutas/genética , Repetições de Microssatélites , Vitis/genética , Sequência de Bases , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Análise por Conglomerados , Mineração de Dados , Biblioteca Gênica , Genes de Plantas , Marcadores Genéticos , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Análise de Sequência de DNA
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