Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.717
Filtrar
1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 283: 114749, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666140

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Baicalin (BI) is an important biologically active flavonoid isolated from the root of Scutellaria radix (Huang Qin). Traditionally Scutellaria radix was the common drug of dysentery. As the main flavonoid compound, there is a distribution tendency of baicalin to the intestinal tract and it has a protective effect on the gastrointestinal tract. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This review aims to compile up-to-date and comprehensive information on the efficacy of baicalin in vitro and in vivo, about treating inflammatory bowel disease. Relevant information on the therapeutic potential of baicalin against inflammatory bowel disease was collected from the Web of Science, Pubmed and so on. Additionally, a few books and magazines were also consulted to get the important information. RESULTS: The mechanisms of baicalin against inflammatory bowel disease mainly include anti-inflammation, antioxidant, immune regulation, maintenance of intestinal barrier, maintenance of intestinal flora balance. Also, BI can relieve parts of extraintestinal manifestations (EIMs), and prevent colorectal cancer. CONCLUSION: Baicalin determined the promising therapeutic prospects as potential supplementary medicines for the treatment of IBD.

2.
J Virol ; : JVI0147621, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730396

RESUMO

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) establishes a persistent/latent infection after primary infection, and host factor(s) plays a key role in regulating HCMV infection status. The spread of reactivated HCMV via the hematogenous or neural route usually results in severe diseases in newborns and immunocompromised individuals. As the primary reservoirs in vivo, cells of myeloid lineage have been utilized extensively to study HCMV infection. However, the molecular mechanism of HCMV latency/reactivation in neural cells is still poorly understood. We previously showed that HCMV infected T98G cells maintain a large number of viral genomes and support HCMV reactivation from latency upon cAMP/IBMX treatment. Here we employed iTRAQ-based proteomics to characterize cellular protein changes during HCMV latency and reactivation in T98G cells. A total of 168 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified, including 89 proteins in latency and 85 proteins in reactivation. Bioinformatics analysis showed that a few biological pathways were associated with HCMV latency or reactivation. Moreover, we validated 16 DEPs by both mRNA and protein expression profiles and further evaluated the effects of ApoE and PI3K pathway on HCMV infection. ApoE knockdown reduced HCMV loads and virus release, whereas overexpressing ApoE hampered HCMV latent infection, indicating a role in HCMV latency establishment/maintenance. Blocking the PI3K pathway by LY294002, a PI3K inhibitor, induced HCMV reactivation from latency in T98G cells. Overall, this comparative proteomic analysis delineates the cellular protein changes during HCMV latency and reactivation and provides a road map to advance our understanding of the mechanism(s) in the context of neural cells. IMPORTANCE Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a highly transmissible beta-herpesvirus that has a prevalence of 60%-90% worldwide. This opportunist pathogen poses a significant threat to newborns and immunosuppressed individuals. One major obstacle for developing effective therapeutics is a poor understanding of HCMV latency/reactivation mechanisms. This study presents, for the first time, a systemic analysis of host cell protein expression changes during HCMV latency establishment and reactivation processes in neural cells. We showed that ApoE was downregulated by HCMV to facilitate latent infection. Also, the proteomic analysis has associated a few PI3K pathway-related proteins with HCMV reactivation. Altogether, this study highlights multiple host proteins and signaling pathways that can be further investigated as potential druggable targets for HCMV-related diseases, especially brain disorders.

3.
Appetite ; : 105785, 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34728248

RESUMO

Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) with a cut-off value of 0.5 has been recognized as an anthropometric indicator of central obesity to predict the risk of the chronic disease. The aim of our study was to identify dietary related risk factors of central obesity based on WHtR. We used cross-sectional data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) in 2011 obtained from 2881 married women aged 19-55. The association of dietary related factors and central obesity was analyzed using binary logistic regression and back-propagation artificial neural network. Overall, central obesity prevalence was 48.4% (1394/2881). Compared to the population of women without central obesity, the population of women with central obesity had an older average age (41.84 ± 6.89 years vs 38.45 ± 7.91 years, P < 0.001), and meanwhile an average lower per capita annual income (13904 ± 15916 CNY vs 16753 ± 19163 CNY, P < 0.001). Our analysis indicated that the score of dietary knowledge (adjusted odds ratio (aOR), 0.956; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.936-0.976) and the score of food preferences (aOR, 0.961; 95% CI, 0.926-0.997) were significantly associated with lower risk of central obesity; whereas fast food (aOR, 1.002; 95% CI, 1.000-1.003) was associated with higher risk of central obesity. The study showed the score of dietary knowledge (15.5%), fast foods (10.2%), and the score of food preferences (8.8%) were the most important modifiable factors for central obesity. In summary, aging, fast food intake, and lower per capita annual income were positively associated with higher prevalence of central obesity, while higher scores of dietary knowledge and food preferences were negatively correlated. More nutrition education programs should be implemented by the government to strengthen the pro-healthy dietary behaviors.

4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 284: 114794, 2021 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732357

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Danhong injection (DHI),which is extracted from Salviae miltiorrhizae and Flos carthami,has been widely prescribed to patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP) in China. However, a high quality clinical trial is needed. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine whether DHI can relieve symptoms of transient myocardial ischemia in patients with unstable angina pectoris. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial was conducted in nine hospitals in China. Inpatients with UAP with blood stasis syndrome (BSS) were randomized 1:1 to receive DHI or placebo. The primary outcome was improvement rate in the quantification score of angina pectoris. Secondary outcomes included blood stasis syndrome scale, nitrates use, electrocardiogram recordings, PCI procedures, Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ) and biochemical indexes. RESULTS: 160 participants were enrolled and 159 were analyzed. There was no significant difference in primary outcome as compared with control group at the end of 7-day treatment, but significant difference at 28-day follow up (70.53% [95% CI, 59.97-81.09%] and 54.34% [95% CI, 42.68-65.99%]; P = 0.0423). The BSS score was significantly lower in the DHI group than that in the control group at day 28 (6.49 [6.96] vs 10.53 [9.07], P = 0.0034). In addition, DHI was significantly superior to placebo in the angina stability score of SAQ (91.10 [17.37] versus 78.21 [22.08], P < 0.001). There were no significant differences in other secondary outcome measures. CONCLUSIONS: A small decrease in the total effective rate and an increase in the angina stability score were observed 28 days after implementation of DHI in UAP with a total blood stasis syndrome score decrease, but the efficacy was not observed at day 7. The findings support that DHI may potentially relieve clinical symptoms and can benefit angina stability. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02007187.

5.
Chemosphere ; : 132945, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798108

RESUMO

Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is a persistent environmental pollutant and will continually accumulate in blood due to its chemical inertness and strong interaction with serum proteins, especially serum albumin (SA), inducing highly adverse health risks. However, the molecular mechanisms of dynamic interactions between PFOA with serum proteins remain unclear, limiting the development of potential therapeutic strategies. Herein, we developed an integrated structural strategy to systematically profile the molecular details of dynamic interactions among PFOA, SA, and ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD) by combing native mass spectrometry (nMS), lysine reactivity profiling (LRP), and molecular docking (MD) simulation. The SA site 1, site 2 pockets, and cleft nearby are observed as the primary interaction regions of PFOA. Further, ß-CD can disrupt the PFOA combinations with bovine SA regions around sites Lys20, Lys280, Lys350, and Lys431-Lys439, with an overall reversing efficiency of about 26% at an identical concentration to PFOA. The interactome of PFOA with complex human serum proteins is globally profiled with molecular interaction details, including human serum albumin, apolipoprotein A-I, alpha-2-macroglobulin, and complement C3. Our results reveal molecular insights into the detail of the interaction between PFOA and serum proteins, beneficial to understanding PFOA toxicology.

6.
Psychiatry Res ; 305: 114251, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739953

RESUMO

This study was conducted on elementary school students in Henan Province, China, from February 4th to 11th, 2020, during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic. The purpose of the study was to examine the prevalence of anxiety among students and identify the related risk factors contributing to anxiety. Demographic information and psychological status were assessed by using self-reported measures. The generalized anxiety disorder tool (GAD-7) and a multiple logistic regression model were used to assess anxiety and identify potential influencing factors. Cross-sectional data indicated that the overall anxiety prevalence was 13.4%. The prevalence of anxiety symptoms was highest among rural primary school students and lowest among city students. Three groups of students in different regions were surveyed, and the prevalence of anxiety symptoms was significantly higher among students with poor knowledge of COVID-19 than among students with good knowledge of COVID-19. After adjusting for potential confounding factors, it was found that location, knowledge, and practice were related to anxiety. This study showed that the prevalence of anxiety symptoms was higher among Chinese primary school students. The influencing factors found in this study may help relevant staff improve the mental health of children during the epidemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Internet , Prevalência , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Nanoscale ; 13(45): 19066-19075, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34757368

RESUMO

A single tumor marker may correspond to a variety of diseases, and a specific disease requires the joint detection of multiple tumor markers for improving the accuracy of diagnoses. An ionic liquid-functionalized metal-organic framework (Zn-MOF microspheres) was used as the substrate to capture the aptamer (Ab1), and noble metal nanoparticles were used to label a signal aptamer (Ab2) to construct a dual-wavelength responsive sandwich-type photoelectrochemical (PEC) aptasensor. Due to the size effect, plasma resonance and the response of the noble metal nanoparticle enhancement system to different excitation wavelengths, the simultaneous detection of CEA and CA153 tumor markers was realized. Under the optimized conditions, CA153 and CEA at concentrations of 0.05-100 U mL-1 and 0.005-10 ng mL-1 were detected by the PEC aptasensor. Detection limits calculated for CA153 and CEA determinations were 0.0275 U mL-1 and 2.85 pg mL-1 (S/N = 3), respectively. CA153 and CEA in serum samples were detected by the PEC aptasensor, and their concentrations were well consistent with that obtained from the ELISA. In addition, the PEC aptasensor exhibited a recovery rate of 96.98%-103.4%, and a relative standard deviation of 1.1%-3.6%, indicating good practical value and accuracy, further confirming its potential for clinical diagnosis.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Líquidos Iônicos , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Ouro , Limite de Detecção , Zinco
8.
Front Med ; 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34811643

RESUMO

Sleep disturbances are common in patients with stroke, and sleep quality has a critical role in the onset and outcome of stroke. Poor sleep exacerbates neurological injury, impedes nerve regeneration, and elicits serious complications. Thus, exploring a therapy suitable for patients with stroke and sleep disturbances is imperative. As a multi-targeted nonpharmacological intervention, remote ischemic conditioning can reduce the ischemic size of the brain, improve the functional outcome of stroke, and increase sleep duration. Preclinical/clinical evidence showed that this method can inhibit the inflammatory response, mediate the signal transductions of adenosine, activate the efferents of the vagal nerve, and reset the circadian clocks, all of which are involved in sleep regulation. In particular, cytokines tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) and adenosine are sleep factors, and electrical vagal nerve stimulation can improve insomnia. On the basis of the common mechanisms of remote ischemic conditioning and sleep regulation, a causal relationship was proposed between remote ischemic conditioning and post-stroke sleep quality.

9.
Nanoscale ; 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34812817

RESUMO

Current major approaches to access surface hydrophobicity include directly introducing hydrophobic nonpolar groups/molecules onto the surface or elaborately fabricating surface roughness. Here, for the first time, molecular dynamics simulations show an unexpected hydrophobicity with a contact angle of 82° on a flexible self-assembled monolayer terminated only with two hydrophilic OH groups ((OH)2-SAM). This hydrophobicity, verified by a water slip phenomenon characterizing the friction on the (OH)2-SAM surface, is attributed to the formation of a hexagonal-ice-like H-bonding structure in the OH matrix of (OH)2-SAM, which sharply reduces the hydrogen bonds between the surface and the water molecules above. The unique simple interface presented here offers a significant molecular-level platform for examining the bio-interfacial interactions ranging from biomolecule binding to cell adhesion.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839915

RESUMO

Billowy interest during nitrogen reduction reaction (NRR) for single-atom catalysts (SACs) has been evoked by the discovery of single transition metal (TM) atom structures featured by TM-Nx coordinate sites as an excellent catalytic center. However, a great challenge of currently available SACs, far away from industrial requirement, is the low activity and poor selectivity. Therefore, in NRR, the first-principles high-throughput screening calculations were performed to evaluate the feasibility of a single TM atom (from Sc to Au) embedded an artificial holey defective SnN3 (d-SnN3) monolayer. Here, all TM atoms can be stably anchored on d-SnN3 (TM/d-SnN3), meanwhile, most of adsorbed N2 molecules can be favorably activated via the "σ donation - π* back-donation" interaction. Eventually, among 27 TM centers, V, Mo, Hf and Ta/d-SnN3 stand out because of extremely low limiting potential (-0.21, -0.40, -0.56 and -0.54 V, respectively), lower than majority of TM-based NRR catalysts and far below that of the Ru (0001) surface (0.98 V), indicative of fast kinetics and low energy cost of NRR. Moreover, their intrinsic characteristic, such as centralized spin-polarization on these TM atoms, high-efficient prohibition of the competitive hydrogen evolution reaction is responsible for high selectivity with theoretical faradic efficiency of 100%. Also, multiple-level descriptors including ΔG∗N, ICOHP, and Φ were used to make the source of NRR activity clear, realizing an efficient and quick prescreening among different candidates. Particularly, their excellent durability, kinetic stability and synthetic accessibility guarantee the feasibility in real experimental conditions.

11.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 9(5): 647-654, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722179

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is one of the leading causes of death in patients with liver cirrhosis. We aimed to establish a prognostic model to evaluate the 1-year survival of cirrhosis patients after the first episode of SBP. Methods: A prognostic model was developed based on a retrospective derivation cohort of 309 cirrhosis patients with first-ever SBP and was validated in a separate validation cohort of 141 patients. We used Uno's concordance, calibration curve, and decision curve (DCA) analysis to evaluate the discrimination, calibration, and clinical net benefit of the model. Results: A total of 59 (19.1%) patients in the derivation cohort and 42 (29.8%) patients in the validation cohort died over the course of 1 year. A prognostic model in nomogram form was developed with predictors including age [hazard ratio (HR): 1.25; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.92-1.71], total serum bilirubin (HR: 1.66; 95% CI: 1.28-2.14), serum sodium (HR: 0.94; 95% CI: 0.90-0.98), history of hypertension (HR: 2.52; 95% CI: 1.44-4.41) and hepatic encephalopathy (HR: 2.06; 95% CI: 1.13-3.73). The nomogram had a higher concordance (0.79) compared with the model end-stage liver disease (0.67) or Child-Turcotte-Pugh (0.71) score. The nomogram also showed acceptable calibration (calibration slope, 1.12; Bier score, 0.15±0.21) and optimal clinical net benefit in the validation cohort. Conclusions: This prediction model developed based on characteristics of first-ever SBP patients may benefit the prediction of patients' 1-year survival.

12.
Mil Med Res ; 8(1): 57, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34724985

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitochondria have been shown to play vital roles during severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) development. Currently, it is unclear whether mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variants, which define mtDNA haplogroups and determine oxidative phosphorylation performance and reactive oxygen species production, are associated with COVID-19 risk. METHODS: A population-based case-control study was conducted to compare the distribution of mtDNA variations defining mtDNA haplogroups between healthy controls (n = 615) and COVID-19 patients (n = 536). COVID-19 patients were diagnosed based on molecular diagnostics of the viral genome by qPCR and chest X-ray or computed tomography scanning. The exclusion criteria for the healthy controls were any history of disease in the month preceding the study assessment. MtDNA variants defining mtDNA haplogroups were identified by PCR-RFLPs and HVS-I sequencing and determined based on mtDNA phylogenetic analysis using Mitomap Phylogeny. Student's t-test was used for continuous variables, and Pearson's chi-squared test or Fisher's exact test was used for categorical variables. To assess the independent effect of each mtDNA variant defining mtDNA haplogroups, multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to calculate the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) with adjustments for possible confounding factors of age, sex, smoking and diseases (including cardiopulmonary diseases, diabetes, obesity and hypertension) as determined through clinical and radiographic examinations. RESULTS: Multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed that the most common investigated mtDNA variations (> 10% in the control population) at C5178a (in NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 gene, ND2) and A249d (in the displacement loop region, D-loop)/T6392C (in cytochrome c oxidase I gene, CO1)/G10310A (in ND3) were associated with a reduced risk of severe COVID-19 (OR = 0.590, 95% CI 0.428-0.814, P = 0.001; and OR = 0.654, 95% CI 0.457-0.936, P = 0.020, respectively), while A4833G (ND2), A4715G (ND2), T3394C (ND1) and G5417A (ND2)/C16257a (D-loop)/C16261T (D-loop) were related to an increased risk of severe COVID-19 (OR = 2.336, 95% CI 1.179-4.608, P = 0.015; OR = 2.033, 95% CI 1.242-3.322, P = 0.005; OR = 3.040, 95% CI 1.522-6.061, P = 0.002; and OR = 2.890, 95% CI 1.199-6.993, P = 0.018, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to explore the association of mtDNA variants with individual's risk of developing severe COVID-19. Based on the case-control study, we concluded that the common mtDNA variants at C5178a and A249d/T6392C/G10310A might contribute to an individual's resistance to developing severe COVID-19, whereas A4833G, A4715G, T3394C and G5417A/C16257a/C16261T might increase an individual's risk of developing severe COVID-19.

13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(46): 55454-55462, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34767333

RESUMO

Oxygen evolution reaction (OER) on the anode has become one of the most widely studied electrochemical processes, which poses an important role in several energy generation technologies. In this work, we have designed and synthesized a series of metal-organic framework (MOF)-derived oxides pyrolyzed at different temperatures for efficient water oxidation in alkaline solutions. First, the barrel-shaped BMM-10 microcrystals can be conveniently synthesized under solvothermal conditions, and the hollow morphology of BMM-10-Fe with low crystallinity can be obtained through the fierce hydrolysis of Fe(III) ions. After being oxidized in air, there are only two typical phases of oxides including BMM-10-Fe-L and BMM-10-Fe-H. During electrolysis, BMM-10-Fe-L turns out to be immediately degraded into active Ni/FeOOH nanosheets with improved OER performance, while there is almost no structural and morphological change in BMM-10-Fe-H due to the structural rigidity and robust stability. Furthermore, the optimal BMM-10-Fe-H exhibits a promising electrocatalytic OER performance with a low Tafel slope of 137.4 mV dec-1, a small overpotential of 260 mV at 10 mA cm-2, and a high current retention of 93.8% after the stability test. The present work would motivate the scientific community to construct various MOF-derived nanomaterials for efficient energy storage and conversion applications.

14.
Zootaxa ; 4995(2): 375-381, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34810564

RESUMO

Three new species of the leafhopper genus Idioscopus Baker, 1915 from China: I. furcaprocessus sp. nov., I. longiprocessus sp. nov., and I. serratastylus sp. nov. are described and photographed based on specimens collected in Yunnan Province of southern China. These three new species can be recognised mainly by the coloration and male genitalia.


Assuntos
Hemípteros , Animais , China , Genitália Masculina , Masculino
15.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(50): 26177-26183, 2021 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738702

RESUMO

Proton-exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are limited by their extreme sensitivity to trace-level CO impurities, thus setting a strict requirement for H2 purity and excluding the possibility to directly use cheap crude hydrogen as fuel. Herein, we report a proof-of-concept study, in which a novel catalyst comprising both Ir particles and Ir single-atom sites (IrNP @IrSA -N-C) addresses the CO poisoning issue. The Ir single-atom sites are found not only to be good CO oxidizing sites, but also excel in scavenging the CO molecules adsorbed on Ir particles in close proximity, thereby enabling the Ir particles to reserve partial active sites towards H2 oxidation. The interplay between Ir nanoparticles and Ir single-atom centers confers the catalyst with both excellent H2 oxidation activity (1.19 W cm-2 ) and excellent CO electro-oxidation activity (85 mW cm-2 ) in PEMFCs; the catalyst also tolerates CO in H2 /CO mixture gas at a level that is two times better than that of the current best PtRu/C catalyst.

16.
Front Oncol ; 11: 715097, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34631542

RESUMO

Objective: The present study aimed to assess the clinical value of conventional ultrasound (C-US), ultrasound elastography (UE), percutaneous contrast-enhanced ultrasound (P-CUES), and the combination of these three ultrasonography modalities for evaluating the risk of axillary lymph node (ALN) metastasis in breast invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC). Methods: This retrospective analysis included 120 patients with pathologically confirmed IDC who underwent sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) or axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). Based on the gold standard of postoperative pathology, ALN pathology results were evaluated and compared with findings obtained using C-US, UE, P-CUES, and the three modalities combined. Results: (1) There was a statistically significant difference between the histological grade of the tumor and the pathological condition of ALNs. (2) The difference between C-US parameters and UE score were statistically significant. The accuracy of P-CEUS localization of SLNs was 100% (96/96) when compared with localization guided by methylene blue. The difference in the distribution of the four SLN enhancement patterns was statistically significant. (3) The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of C-US and UE were 75%, 71%, 58%, and 89%, and 71%, 72%, 50%, and 86%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of P-CUES were 91%, 82%, 78%, 92%, respectively. When all three modalities were combined, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 94%, 89%, 86%, and 95%, respectively. In the detection of ALN metastasis, there was a good correlation between histopathological results and evaluations based on the three combined ultrasonography modalities (kappa: 0.82, p<0.001). Conclusions: When compared to C-US, UE, or P-CEUS alone, the combination of the three ultrasonography modalities was found to be superior in distinguishing metastatic and non-metastatic ALNs. This combined strategy may aid physicians in determining the most appropriate approach to ALN surgery as well as the prognosis of breast IDC.

17.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2102181, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34716683

RESUMO

Combinatorial antibody libraries not only effectively reduce antibody discovery to a numbers game, but enable documentation of the history of antibody responses in an individual. The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic has prompted a wider application of this technology to meet the public health challenge of pandemic threats in the modern era. Herein, a combinatorial human antibody library constructed 20 years before the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is used to discover three highly potent antibodies that selectively bind SARS-CoV-2 spike protein and neutralize authentic SARS-CoV-2 virus. Compared to neutralizing antibodies from COVID-19 patients with generally low somatic hypermutation (SHM), these three antibodies contain over 13-22 SHMs, many of which are involved in specific interactions in their crystal structures with SARS-CoV-2 spike receptor binding domain. The identification of these somatically mutated antibodies in a pre-pandemic library raises intriguing questions about the origin and evolution of these antibodies with respect to their reactivity with SARS-CoV-2.

18.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(43)2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663729

RESUMO

The CO electrooxidation is long considered invincible in the proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), where even a trace level of CO in H2 seriously poisons the anode catalysts and leads to huge performance decay. Here, we describe a class of atomically dispersed IrRu-N-C anode catalysts capable of oxidizing CO, H2, or a combination of the two. With a small amount of metal (24 µgmetal⋅cm-2) used in the anode, the H2 fuel cell performs its peak power density at 1.43 W⋅cm-2 When operating with pure CO, this catalyst exhibits its maximum current density at 800 mA⋅cm-2, while the Pt/C-based cell ceases to work. We attribute this exceptional catalytic behavior to the interplay between Ir and Ru single-atom centers, where the two sites act in synergy to favorably decompose H2O and to further facilitate CO activation. These findings open up an avenue to conquer the formidable poisoning issue of PEMFCs.

19.
BMC Nurs ; 20(1): 206, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34686177

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nurses play critical roles when providing health care in high-risk situations, such as during the COVID-19 outbreak. However, no previous study had systematically assessed nurses' mental workloads and its interaction patterns with fatigue, work engagement and COVID-19 exposure risk. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted via online questionnaire. The NASA Task Load Index, Fatigue Scale-14, and Utrecht Work Engagement Scale were used to assess nurses' mental workload, fatigue and work engagement, respectively. A total of 1337 valid questionnaires were received and analyzed. Nurses were categorized into different subgroups of mental workload via latent class analysis (LCA). Cross-sectional comparisons, analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), and multivariate (or logistic) regression were subsequently performed to examine how demographic variables, fatigue and work engagement differ among nurses belonging to different subgroups. RESULTS: Three latent classes were identified based on the responses to mental workload assessment: Class 1 - low workload perception & high self-evaluation group (n = 41, 3.1%); Class 2 - medium workload perception & medium self-evaluation group (n = 455, 34.0%); and Class 3 - high workload perception & low self-evaluation group (n = 841, `62.9%). Nurses belonging into class 3 were most likely to be older and have longer professional years, and displayed higher scores of fatigue and work engagement compared with the other latent classes (p < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that high cognitive workload increased subjective fatigue, and mental workload may be positively associated with work engagement. Group comparison results indicated that COVID-19 exposure contributed to significantly higher mental workload levels. CONCLUSIONS: The complex scenario for the care of patients with infectious diseases, especially during an epidemic, raises the need for improved consideration of nurses' perceived workload, as well as their physical fatigue, work engagement and personal safety when working in public health emergencies.

20.
Mol Med Rep ; 24(6)2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643250

RESUMO

Umbilical cord blood transplantation was first reported in 1980. Since then, additional research has indicated that umbilical cord blood stem cells (UCBSCs) have various advantages, such as multi­lineage differentiation potential and potent renewal activity, which may be induced to promote their differentiation into a variety of seed cells for tissue engineering and the treatment of clinical and metabolic diseases. Recent studies suggested that UCBSCs are able to differentiate into nerve cells, chondrocytes, hepatocyte­like cells, fat cells and osteoblasts. The culture of UCBSCs has developed from feeder­layer to feeder­free culture systems. The classical techniques of cell labeling and tracing by gene transfection and fluorescent dye and nucleic acid analogs have evolved to DNA barcode technology mediated by transposon/retrovirus, cyclization recombination­recombinase and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR­associated protein 9 strategies. DNA barcoding for cell development tracing has advanced to include single cells and single nucleic acid mutations. In the present study, the latest research findings on the development and differentiation, culture techniques and labeling and tracing of UCBSCs are reviewed. The present study may increase the current understanding of UCBSC biology and its clinical applications.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...