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1.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 208: 115402, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36592706

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common joint illness that negatively impacts people's lives. The main active ingredient of cassia seed or rhubarb is chrysophanol. It has various pharmacological effects including anticancer, anti-diabetes and blood lipid regulation. Previous evidence suggests that chrysophanol has anti-inflammatory properties in various diseases, but its effect on OA has not been investigated yet. In this study, chrysophanol inhibited IL-1ß -induced expression of ADAMTS-4, MMP13, COX-2 and iNOS. Meanwhile, it can inhibit aggrecan and collagen degradation in osteoarthritic chondrocytes induced by IL-1ß.Further studies depicted that SIRT6 silencing eliminated the chrysophanol effect on IL-1ß. The results demonstrated that chrysophanol could stimulate SIRT6 activation and, more importantly, increase SIRT6 levels. We also discovered that chrysophanol might impede the NF-κB pathway of OA mice's chondrocytes induced by IL-1ß, which could be because it depends on SIRT6 activation to some extent. It had also been previously covered that chrysophanol could produce a marked effect on Nrf2/NF-κB axis [1]. Therefore, we can infer that chrysophanol may benefit chondrocytes by regulating the SIRT6/NF-κB and Nrf2/NF-κB signaling axis.We examined the anti-inflammatory mechanism and the impact of chrysophanol on mice in vitro and in vivo. In summary, we declare that chrysophanol diminishes the inflammatory reaction of OA in mice in vitro by regulating SIRT6/NF-κB and Nrf2/NF-κB signaling pathway and protects articular cartilage from degradation in vivo. We can infer that chrysophanol could be an efficient therapy for OA.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite , Sirtuínas , Camundongos , Animais , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/induzido quimicamente , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Sirtuínas/genética , Sirtuínas/metabolismo , Sirtuínas/farmacologia , Condrócitos , Células Cultivadas
2.
Insights Imaging ; 14(1): 15, 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36690735

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of pancreatic mixed neuroendocrine-non-neuroendocrine neoplasm (MiNEN) and compare them with those of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and neuroendocrine tumor (NET). METHODS: Twelve patients with pancreatic MiNEN, 24 patients with PDAC, and 24 patients with NET, who underwent both contrast-enhanced CT and MRI, were included. Clinical data and the key imaging features were retrospectively evaluated by two independent readers and compared between MiNEN and PDAC or NET. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to obtain predictors for pancreatic MiNEN. RESULTS: Patients with pancreatic MiNEN more frequently presented with large size and heterogeneous and cystic components compared with PDAC (p < 0.031) and ill-defined irregular margins, progressive enhancement, and adjacent organ involvement compared with NET (p < 0.036). However, vascular invasion was less commonly seen in MiNEN than PDAC (p = 0.010). Moderate enhancement was observed more frequently in MiNEN than in PDAC or NET (p < 0.001). Multivariate logistic analyses demonstrated that moderate enhancement and ill-defined irregular margin were the most valuable features for the prediction of pancreatic MiNEN (p ≤ 0.044). The combination of the two features resulted in a specificity of 93.8%, sensitivity of 83.3%, and accuracy of 91.7%. CONCLUSIONS: We have mainly described the radiological findings of pancreatic MiNEN with ill-defined irregular margin and moderate enhancement compared with PDAC and NET. The combination of imaging features could improve diagnostic efficiency and help in the selection of the correct treatment method.

3.
Infect Drug Resist ; 16: 243-248, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36660348

RESUMO

Background: A thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) is a known condition seen in cardiovascular practice. A TAA rupture and postoperative infection may result in death. Preoperative infections leading to death are extremely rare. Case Study: A 62-year-old Chinese female was admitted to The First Hospital of Hebei Medical University with a two-day history of abdominal pain. She was diagnosed with a TAA rupture and underwent immediate surgery. The preoperative urine analysis indicated that the positive bacteria and white blood cell count suggested a urinary tract bacterial infection. The patient was administered the empiric antibiotics, cefazolin; however, her blood pressure continued to drop during the perioperative period and she died of uncorrectable acidosis 8 h after the operation. On the second day after death, both the blood and urine cultures were positive for Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Conclusion: Given that this patient with a TAA rupture died of uncorrected acidosis caused by preoperative infection, it is important to evoke the diagnosis in the context of TAA. Routine laboratory indicators are valuable factors for surgeons and physicians in assessing a patient's condition and improving their prognosis.

4.
Int J Cancer ; 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36621000

RESUMO

Refractory or relapsing metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (mTNBC) has a poor prognosis. Sacituzumab govitecan (SG) is a novel antibody-drug conjugate, targeting human trophoblast cell-surface antigen 2 (Trop-2). This is the first report of SG's efficacy and safety in Chinese patients with mTNBC. EVER-132-001 (NCT04454437) was a multicenter, single-arm, Phase IIb study in Chinese patients with mTNBC who failed ≥2 prior chemotherapy regimens. Eligible patients received 10 mg/kg SG on Days 1 and 8 of each 21-day treatment cycle, until disease progression/unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR) assessed by the Independent Review Committee. Secondary endpoints included: duration of response (DOR), clinical benefit rate (CBR), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and safety. 80 female Chinese patients (median age 47.6 years; range 24-69.9 years) received ≥1 SG dose with a median of 8 treatment cycles by the cutoff date (August 6, 2021). Median number of prior systemic cancer treatments was 4.0 (range 2.0-8.0). ORR and CBR were reported 38.8% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 28.06-50.30) and 43.8% (95% CI: 32.68- 55.30) of patients, respectively. The median PFS was 5.55 months (95% CI: 4.14-N/A). SG-related Grade ≥3 treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were reported in 71.3%, the most common were neutrophil count decreased (62.5%), white blood cell count decreased (48.8%), and anemia (21.3%); 6.3% discontinued SG because of TEAEs. SG demonstrated substantial clinical activity in heavily pre-treated Chinese patients with mTNBC. The observed safety profile was generally manageable.

5.
Anal Sci ; 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36602698

RESUMO

When nanozymes are used in biological analysis, higher activity can improve the detection sensitivity, and better selectivity can eliminate other interference. To improve the specificity and sensitivity, we fabricated an innovative bioconjugated nanozyme with natural enzyme (BNNZ), in which natural ChOx was immobilized onto histidine-modified Fe3O4 (His-Fe3O4) with hydrophilic poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) as a linker. ChOx could specifically catalyze the oxidation of cholesterol to generate H2O2 molecule, and then the newly formed H2O2 oxidized the colorless 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) into blue ox-TMB by peroxidase-like His-Fe3O4. According to the above cascade reaction, the BNNZ-based colorimetric strategy was proposed for the detection of cholesterol. Wherein, natural enzymes specifically catalyzed substrates, which endowed BNNZ with excellent specificity for target molecules; meanwhile, the introduction of histidine on His-Fe3O4 effectively increased the peroxidase-like activity of BNNZ, which provided a guarantee for sensitivity. Furthermore, BNNZ after reaction could be rapidly separated by an external magnetic field without interfering with colorimetric quantitative detection. The proposed strategy exhibited excellent sensitivity with limit of detection of 0.446 µM and was successfully used for the detection of cholesterol in spiked human serum sample with recovery and relative standard deviation in the range of 97.9-103.5% and 2.5-4.0%, respectively. This work indicates that the bioconjugation of nanozyme and natural enzyme may be a universal strategy for synthesis of high-performance enzyme-nanozyme systems, and the new-type BNNZ will be widely used in biological detection and disease treatment.

6.
Lab Chip ; 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36629004

RESUMO

Due to their small sizes, microrobots are advantageous for accessing hard-to-reach spaces for delivery and measurement. However, their small sizes also bring challenges in on-board powering, thus usually requiring actuation by external energy. Microrobots actuated by external energy have been applied to the fields of physics, biology, medical science, and engineering. Among these actuation sources, light and magnetic fields show advantages in high precision and high biocompatibility. This paper reviews the recent advances in the design, actuation, and applications of microrobots driven by light and magnetic fields. For light-driven microrobots, we summarized the uses of optical tweezers, optoelectronic tweezers, and heat-mediated optical manipulation techniques. For magnetically driven microrobots, we summarized the uses of torque-driven microrobots, force-driven microrobots, and shape-deformable microrobots. Then, we compared the two types of field-driven microrobots and reviewed their advantages and disadvantages. The paper concludes with an outlook for the joint use of optical and magnetic field actuation in microrobots.

7.
Opt Lett ; 48(2): 211-214, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36638420

RESUMO

Phase retrieval is crucial in phase-shifting interferometry and other phase measurement techniques. However, in noisy wrapped phase maps with high steepness, discontinuities arise and cause phase unwrapping errors. To solve this problem, this Letter presents a phase retrieval method based on a simulated wrapped phase. By establishing the correspondence between the simulated and measured interferograms, the difference in wrapped phases between them can be obtained. The difference in wrapped phase map, which has sparse and wide interference fringes, has a higher reliability of phase unwrapping. The proposed method not only possesses high phase retrieval accuracy but it also simplifies the processing of interferograms. Furthermore, the layout of all interferometric systems, the parameters of optical components, and the model of the measured object are known, so the proposed method can be used as a reference for phase retrieval.

8.
J Int Med Res ; 51(1): 3000605221147434, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36631983

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pathogenesis of primary angle-closure disease (PACG) by measuring the anatomical structures of the anterior and posterior segments of the eye and inflammatory markers in the peripheral blood. METHODS: This case-control study enrolled patients diagnosed with acute PACG (APACG) and chronic PACG (CPACG). It also enrolled control subjects without PACG. The anterior and posterior anatomical features were measured in all study participants. The levels of interleukin (IL)-6, tumour necrosis factor-α and the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in the peripheral blood were measured. RESULTS: This study analysed a total of 99 eyes: 34 eyes from 34 patients with APACG, 28 eyes from 28 patients with CPACG and 37 eyes from 37 control patients with senile cataract. The axis length, corneal diameter, anterior chamber depth and anterior chamber volume were significantly smaller in the APACG and CPACG groups compared with the controls. The level of IL-6 in the peripheral blood of patients with PACG was significantly lower than that of the controls. The NLR in the peripheral blood of patients with PACG was significantly greater than that of the controls. CONCLUSIONS: Changes in the ocular anatomy and some inflammatory markers might be involved in the pathogenesis of PACG.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Fechado , Humanos , Glaucoma de Ângulo Fechado/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Câmara Anterior , Biometria , Citocinas , Pressão Intraocular
9.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 223: 115023, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36542938

RESUMO

Efficient capture of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from cancer patients is an important technique that may promote early diagnosis and prognosis monitoring of cancer. However, the existing systems have certain disadvantages, such as poor selectivity, low capture efficiency, consumption of antibodies, and difficulty in release of CTCs for downstream analysis. Herein, we fabricated an innovative PEGylated boronate affinity cell imprinted polydimethylsiloxane (PBACIP) for highly efficient capture of CTCs from cancer patients. The antibody-free PBACIP possessed hierarchical structure of imprinted cavities, which were inlaid with boronic acid modified SiO2 nanoparticles (SiO2@BA), so it could specifically capture target CTCs from biological samples due to the synergistic effect of boronate affinity and cell imprinting. Furthermore, PEGylation was accurately completed in the non-imprinted region by the template cells occupying the imprinted cavity, which not only retained the microstructure of original imprinted cavities, but also endowed PBACIP with hydrophilicity. The artificial PBACIP could efficiently capture human breast-cancer cells from biological sample. When 5 to 500 SKBR3 cells were spiked in 1 mL mice lysed blood, the capture efficiency reached 86.7 ± 11.5% to 96.2 ± 2.3%. Most importantly, the PBACIP was successfully used to capture CTCs from blood of breast cancer patients, and the captured CTCs were released for subsequent gene mutation analysis. The PBACIP can efficiently capture and release CTCs for downstream analysis, which provides a universal strategy toward individualized anti-tumor comprehensive treatments and has great potential in the future cell-based clinical applications.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Dióxido de Silício , Ácidos Borônicos/química , Anticorpos
10.
J Med Virol ; 95(1): e28437, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36573430

RESUMO

Since the report of the first COVID-19 case in 2019, SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (VOCs) have continued to emerge, manifesting diverse infectivity, evasion of host immunity and pathology. While ACE2 is the predominant receptor of SARS-CoV-2, TMPRSS2, Kim-1, NRP-1, CD147, furin, CD209L, and CD26 have also been implicated as viral entry-related cofactors. To understand the variations in infectivity and pathogenesis of VOCs, we conducted infection analysis in human cells from different organ systems using pseudoviruses of VOCs including Alpha, Beta, Gamma, and Delta. Recombinant spike S1, RBD, ACE2, Kim-1, and NRP-1 proteins were tested for their ability to block infection to dissect their roles in SARS-CoV-2 entry into cells. Compared with wild type SARS-CoV-2 (WT), numerous VOCs had significant increases of infectivity across a wide spectrum of cell types. Recombinant ACE2 protein more effectively inhibited the infection of VOCs including Delta and Omicron (BA.1 and BA.2) than that of WT. Interestingly, recombinant S1, RBD, Kim-1, and NRP-1 proteins inhibited the infection of all pseudoviruses in a manner dependent on the levels of ACE2 expression in different cell types. These results provide insights into the diverse infectivity of SARS-CoV-2 VOCs, which might be helpful for managing the emergence of new VOCs.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/genética , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética
11.
Environ Sci Technol ; 57(2): 1103-1113, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36574338

RESUMO

Anthracite is globally used as a filter material for water purification. Herein, it was found that up to 15 disinfection byproducts (DBPs) were formed in the chlorination of anthracite-filtered pure water, while the levels of DBPs were below the detection limit in the chlorination of zeolite-, quartz sand-, and porcelain sandstone-filtered pure water. In new-anthracite-filtered water, the levels of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), dissolved organic nitrogen (DON), and ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N) ranged from 266.3 to 305.4 µg/L, 37 to 61 µg/L, and 8.6 to 17.1 µg/L, respectively. In aged anthracite (collected from a filter at a DWTP after one year of operation) filtered water, the levels of the above substances ranged from 475.1 to 597.5 µg/L, 62.1 to 125.6 µg/L, and 14 to 28.9 µg/L, respectively. Anthracite would release dissolved substances into filtered water, and aged anthracite releases more substances than new anthracite. The released organics were partly (around 5%) composed by the µg/L level of toxic and carcinogenic aromatic carbons including pyridine, paraxylene, benzene, naphthalene, and phenanthrene, while over 95% of the released organics could not be identified. Organic carbon may be torn off from the carbon skeleton structure of anthracite due to hydrodynamic force in the water filtration process.


Assuntos
Desinfetantes , Água Potável , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Água Potável/análise , Água Potável/química , Desinfecção , Cloro , Carvão Mineral , Cloretos , Carbono , Halogenação , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Desinfetantes/análise
12.
Environ Pollut ; 318: 120914, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36563994

RESUMO

Freight transport has become increasingly important regarding CO2 and air pollutant emissions in China but has rarely been assessed using consumption-based methods. Based on the multi-regional input-output tables of China, in this work, we use structural path analysis (SPA) to link interprovincial trade-related freight turnover to responsible sectors of final consumption. We find that from 2007 to 2012, the interprovincial trade turnover in China increased by 39% and reached 3.87 × 1012 ton-km in 2012, associated with emissions of approximately 370 Mt CO2, 6.1 Mt CO and 2.5 Mt NOx. We also find that each 10 thousand CNY final consumption on interprovincial traded goods in China may drive 2000 ton-km of freight turnover and generate 200 kg CO2 emissions. This environmental burden will decrease by a factor of five if only locally produced goods are consumed. Final consumption in equipment, construction, service and food caused the most significant freight turnover; they drive a large quantity of low-value-added but heavy-weight semifinished products, such as mining and metal products, to be shipped across the provinces at the very upstream of the supply chain. Policymakers should aim to optimize China's industrial geographical layout and trade structure to facilitate deep CO2 reductions associated with the freight transport system.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , China , Indústrias
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(20): 5488-5493, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36471964

RESUMO

This study aims to clarify the effect of Jingfang Mixture on the treatment of chronic urticarial and its mechanism, and investigate the regulatory effect of chronic urticaria on the metabolic disorder of endogenous metabolites in the blood. The mice were randomly divided into normal group, model group, and Jingfang Mixture group, and modeling and administration continued for 21 d. The changes in endogenous small molecules in rat serum were determined by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-Q Exactive-Orbitrap-mass spectrometry(UHPLC-ESI-QE-Orbitrap-MS) metabolomics technology. The change trend of endogenous metabolites in rat serum was analyzed to find potential biomarkers. The results showed that Jingfang Mixture regulate 16 biomarkers, mainly including taurine, glutamate, succinic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, and arachidonic acid. Metabolic pathway analysis was carried out by MetaboAnalyst, and P<0.01 was taken as the potential key metabolic pathway. Ten metabolic pathways were closely related to the treatment of chronic urticarial by Jingfang Mixture, mainly involved in the glutamate metabolism, taurine and hypotaurine metabolism, arginine and proline metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, tricarboxylic acid cycle, unsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis, glutathione metabolism, phenylalanine metabolism, alanine, aspartic acid, and glutamate metabolism, and butyric acid metabolism. Glutamate metabolism and butyric acid metabolism involved more metabolic pathways than others. Therefore, it was speculated that Jingfang Mixture had a balanced regulating effect on the related metabolic pathways which caused the serum disorder in the rats with urticaria, and tended to regulate the metabolic differential to the normal level in the rats with urticaria. This paper provides references for studying the mechanism of Jingfang Mixture from the perspective of endogenous metabolites and metabolic pathways in vivo. At the same time, the endogenous substances explored in this paper can be used as important biomarkers for the prevention of urticaria.


Assuntos
Urticária Crônica , Ratos , Camundongos , Animais , Ácido Araquidônico , Ácido Butírico , Metabolômica/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Taurina , Glutamatos
14.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1046026, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36544796

RESUMO

Objectives: Overweight and obesity are harmful to human health. However, the latest trends of Chinese childhood overweight and obesity prevalence are not available. The aim of this study was to examine the trends from 2000 to 2019 among students in China. Methods: We analyzed data of 66,072 students in the Chinese National Survey on Students' Constitution and Health from 2000 to 2019. Overweight and obesity were defined based on the standard formulated by the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF standard), the World Health Organization (WHO standard), and the Working Group on Obesity in China (WGOC standard), respectively. The χ2-test was used to test the trends of overweight and obesity prevalence and logistic regression was conducted to evaluate the prevalence odds ratios of boys vs. girls and urban vs. rural areas. Results: The prevalence of obesity/overweight and obesity combined was 6.03/23.58% (IOTF standard), 10.56/25.88% (WGOC standard) and 10.75/29.69% (WHO standard) in 2019. From 2000 to 2019, according to the WGOC standard, the prevalence increased from 2.51 to 10.56% for obesity and increased from 9.81 to 25.88% for overweight and obesity combined (P for trend < 0.001). Obesity/overweight and obesity were greater problems in boys than girls and urban than rural areas, but urban-rural differences decreased over time. Conclusion: Overweight and obesity prevalence increased significantly in children and adolescents in China from 2000 to 2019. The prevalence of overweight and obesity in rural areas may contribute to a large percentage of children with overweight and obesity.


Assuntos
Sobrepeso , Obesidade Pediátrica , Masculino , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Criança , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Prevalência , China/epidemiologia , Estudantes
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36510681

RESUMO

Background: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the stria vascularis (SV) of cochlea can be induced by such stimulations as noise exposure, which is considered as one of the key factors that responsible for the pathogenesis of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). However, the effects of oxidative stress on endothelial cells of SV (SV-ECs) remain largely unknown and there is currently no feasible in vitro cell culture model for the function study of SV-ECs. Methods: We isolated primary SV-ECs from stria vascularis of neonatal mice. The effects of fibronectin in reducing the apoptosis of SV-ECs cultured with serum-free medium were determined by using ß-galactosidase staining and flow cytometry. The SV19 ECs incubated in serum-free medium were treated with various concentration of H2O2 to evaluate the effects of H2O2 on viability of SV-ECs. The secretome changes of SV-ECs treated with or without H2O2 (100 µM or 500 µM) were determined by using high resolution mass spectrometry. The function of SV-EC secretome was evaluated by macrophage assay. Results: We successfully isolated and characterized the SV-ECs. We found that treatment of SV-ECs with H2O2 at the concentration up to 500 µM for 2 h and further incubated with serum-free medium in plate pre-coated with fibronectin showed no significant effect on the apoptosis of ECs. Compared to the control SV-ECs, the amount differential proteins in the secretome of SV-ECs stimulated with 500 µM H2O2 were much higher than that treated with 100 µM H2O2, as suggested by proteomics analysis. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis and Gene Ontology (GO) analysis suggested that the proteins differentially expressed in SV-ECs treated with 500 µM H2O2 were involved in the regulation of multiple signaling pathways and cellular processes. Importantly, the secretome released by H2O2-stimulated SV-ECs exhibited significant pro-inflammatory effects on macrophages. Conclusion: We successfully established an in vitro serum-free culture method, identified the differential proteins released by oxidative stress-induced ECs as well as their related functions, and revealed the pro-inflammatory effects of the secretome of H2O2-stimulated SV-ECs. Our data suggested that SV-ECs might elicit immunoregulatory effects on the bystander cells in the microenvironment of oxidative stress-induced cochlea, especially the cochlear macrophages.

16.
Circulation ; 2022 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36562301

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The metalloprotease ADAMTS-7 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type 1 motif 7) is a novel locus associated with human coronary atherosclerosis. ADAMTS-7 deletion protects against atherosclerosis and vascular restenosis in rodents. METHODS: We designed 3 potential vaccines consisting of distinct B cell epitopic peptides derived from ADAMTS-7 and conjugated with the carrier protein KLH (keyhole limpet hemocyanin) as well as aluminum hydroxide as an adjuvant. Arterial ligation or wire injury was used to induce neointima in mice, whereas ApoE-/- and LDLR-/- (LDLR [low-density lipoprotein receptor]) mice fed a high-fat diet were applied to assess atherosclerosis. In addition, coronary stent implantation was performed on vaccine-immunized Bama miniature pigs, followed by optical coherence tomography to evaluate coronary intimal hyperplasia. RESULTS: A vaccine, ATS7vac, was screened out from 3 candidates to effectively inhibit intimal thickening in murine carotid artery ligation models after vaccination. As well, immunization with ATS7vac alleviated neointima formation in murine wire injury models and mitigated atherosclerotic lesions in both hyperlipidemic ApoE-/- and LDLR-/- mice without lowering lipid levels. Preclinically, ATS7vac markedly impeded intimal hyperplasia in swine stented coronary arteries, but without significant immune-related organ injuries. Mechanistically, ATS7vac vaccination produced specific antibodies against ADAMTS-7, which markedly repressed ADAMTS-7-mediated COMP (cartilage oligomeric matrix protein) and TSP-1 (thrombospondin-1) degradation and subsequently inhibited vascular smooth muscle cell migration but promoted re-endothelialization. CONCLUSIONS: ATS7vac is a novel atherosclerosis vaccine that also alleviates in-stent restenosis. The application of ATS7vac would be a complementary therapeutic avenue to the current lipid-lowering strategy for atherosclerotic disease.

17.
Front Genet ; 13: 1085694, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36561313

RESUMO

Calla lily (Zantedeschia spp.) have great aesthetic value due to their spathe-like appearance and richness of coloration. However, embryonic callus regeneration is absent from its current regeneration mechanism. As a result, constructing an adequate and stable genetic transformation system is hampered, severely hindering breeding efforts. In this research, the callus induction effectiveness of calla lily seed embryos of various maturities was evaluated. The findings indicated that mature seed embryos were more suitable for in vitro regeneration. Using orthogonal design experiments, the primary elements influencing in vitro regeneration, such as plant growth regulators, genotypes, and nanoscale materials, which was emergent uses for in vitro regeneration, were investigated. The findings indicated that MS supplemented with 6-BA 2 mg/L and NAA 0.1 mg/L was the optimal medium for callus induction (CIM); the germination medium (GM) was MS supplemented with 6-BA 2 mg/L NAA 0.2 mg/L and 1 mg/L CNTs, and the rooting medium (RM) was MS supplemented with 6-BA 2 mg/L NAA 0.7 mg/L and 2 mg/L CNTs. This allowed us to verify, in principle, that the Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated genetic transformation system operates under optimal circumstances using the GUS reporter gene. Here, we developed a seed embryo-based genetic transformation regeneration system, which set the stage for future attempts to create new calla lily varieties.

18.
Stem Cells Int ; 2022: 6243004, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36483682

RESUMO

Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) play important roles in orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) and can respond to mechanical stress. Our previous study demonstrated that periodontal ligament stem cells derived from periodontitis tissue (pPDLSCs) are more sensitive to static mechanical strain (SMS) than those derived from healthy tissue (hPDLSCs) and reported the long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) expression profiles of pPDLSCs exposed to SMS. An increasing number of lncRNAs have been reported by various studies to be associated with the osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells. Many studies have demonstrated that the n6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification exerts important effects on lncRNA and mRNA regulation of cell behaviors. However, the regulatory effects of lncRNA and mRNA m6A modification on PDLSCs have not been studied. Therefore, we performed an m6A microarray assay with pPLDSCs and hPDLSCs exposed to 12% SMS and found that 143 lncRNAs and 739 mRNAs were differentially methylated. These RNAs were thought to be involved in multiple differentiation and inflammatory responses. Moreover, we found that METTL3, an essential protein in the m6A system, was expressed at lower levels in the strain-exposed pPDLSCs than in strain-exposed hPLDSCs, and METTL3 promoted the osteogenic differentiation of pPDLSCs.

19.
Neuro Endocrinol Lett ; 43(4): 233-238, 2022 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36528886

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Parathyroid carcinoma (PC) is a rare disease with high rates of misdiagnosis and recurrence. This report summarized the clinical and pathological characteristics of 10 patients with PC at our hospital, to improve the early recognition and prognosis of PC. METHODS: The clinical manifestations, imaging findings, pathological features, treatments, and prognostic data of 10 patients diagnosed with PC at the First Medical Center, Chinese PLA General Hospital from 2003 to 2021 were analyzed. RESULTS: There were 7 male and 3 female patients with PC whose average age was 41.4 ± 9.4 years. All patients had bone involvement (bone pain and/or osteoporosis), meanwhile 6 patients had kidney stones and 7 patients had palpable neck masses. Five patients presented with tumor metastasis, invading lymph nodes, lung, liver, or bone. Laboratory examinations revealed elevated serum total calcium (4.15 ± 0.81 mmol/L), parathyroid hormone (PTH, 1236.1 ± 519.9 pg/mL) and alkaline phosphatase (405.8 ± 219.0 IU/L) levels. Especially, hypercalcemic crisis occurred in 9 patients. The diagnosis of PC depended on histopathological features of the parathyroid tumor, including capsular and/or vascular invasion. All patients underwent at least en bloc resection. In the follow-up, six patients with relatively high preoperative PTH levels (1519.5 ± 436.8 pg/mL) relapsed postoperatively. Two patients with the Ki-67 index ≥ 10% in parathyroid tumor tissue and distant metastasis died within 2 years after the operation. CONCLUSION: Severe bone pain, kidney stones, hypercalcemic crisis, and markedly elevated PTH usually indicate PC. A markedly elevated PTH level, tumor metastasis, and the Ki-67 index ≥ 10% may be indicators of poor prognosis.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(50): e32214, 2022 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36550878

RESUMO

Postcraniotomy fever is a common complication in patients undergoing infratentorial surgeries. There are few studies about it and the efficacy of intensive antibiotic regimens, which remain to be studied. We carried out a retrospective study in patients undergoing infratentorial surgeries to analyze the factors associated with postcraniotomy fever and further investigated the efficacy of different antibiotic regimens on fever and abnormal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) results. Among the 115 patients, 74 (64.3%) had fever after craniotomy. Univariate analysis results showed that disease type, drainage tube placement, duration of drainage tube, and intraoperative bleeding volume were associated with postcraniotomy fever in patients undergoing infratentorial surgeries (P < .05). The multivariate analysis results showed that the duration of drainage tube (odds ratio = 1.010, 95% confidence interval: 1.232-6.178, P = .014) and duration of surgery (odds ratio = 1.010, 95% confidence interval: 1.002-1.017, P = .013) were associated with postcraniotomy fever in these patients. After treatment with different antibiotic regimens, the changes of white blood cells, sugar, chlorine and protein in CSF in patients with intensive antibiotic regimens were -638.48 × 106/L, 0.25 mmol/L, -0.76 mmol/L and -0.16 g/L respectively, which did not show significant differences when compared with ordinary antibiotic regimens (P > .05). Most cases of fever at the early stage after craniotomy in patients with infratentorial surgeries were nonintracranial infectious. Intensive antibiotic regimens did not show obvious advantages in improving the body temperature and CSF examination results. It is not necessary to use intensive antibiotic regimens too early, such as carbapenems or linezolids.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Craniotomia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Craniotomia/efeitos adversos , Craniotomia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia
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