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1.
Cell Biol Toxicol ; 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34978009

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Telocytes (TCs) are experimentally evidenced as an alternative of cell therapies for organ tissue injury and repair. The aims of the present studies are to explore direct roles of TCs and the roles of TC-derived exosomes in support of experimental acute lung injury (ALI) in vivo or in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The roles of TCs in experimental ALI were firstly estimated. Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) p110δ and α/δ/ß isoform inhibitors were used in study dynamic alterations of bio-behaviors, and in expression of functional factors of TCs per se and TC-co-cultured airway epithelial cells during the activation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). TC-driven exosomes were furthermore characterized for intercellular communication by which activated or non-activated TCs interacted with epithelia. RESULTS: Our results showed that TCs mainly prevented from lung tissue edema and hemorrhage and decreased the levels of VEGF-A and MMP9 induced by LPS. Treatment with CAL101 (PI3K p110δ inhibitor) and LY294002 (PI3Kα/δ/ß inhibitor) could inhibit TC movement and differentiation and increase the number of dead TCs. The expression of Mtor, Hif1α, Vegf-a, or Mmp9 mRNA increased in TCs challenged with LPS, while Mtor, Hif1α, and Vegf-a even more increased after adding CAL101 or Mtor after adding LY. The rate of epithelial cell proliferation was higher in co-culture of human bronchial epithelial (HBE) and TCs than that in HBE alone under conditions with or without LPS challenge or when cells were treated with LPS and CAL101 or LY294002. The levels of mTOR, HIF1α, or VEGF-A significantly increased in mono-cultured or co-cultured cells, challenged with LPS as compared with those with vehicle. LPS-pretreated TC-derived exosomes upregulated the expression of AKT, p-AKT, HIF1α, and VEGF-A protein of HBE. CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrated that intraperitoneal administration of TCs ameliorated the severity of lung tissue edema accompanied by elevated expression of VEGF-A. TCs could nourish airway epithelial cells through nutrients produced from TCs, increasing epithelial cell proliferation, and differentiation as well as cell sensitivity to LPS challenge and PI3K p110δ and α/δ/ß inhibitors, partially through exosomes released from TCs.

2.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 9(12)2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34960229

RESUMO

Newcastle disease virus (NDV) and infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) are the two most important and widespread viruses causing huge economic losses in the global poultry industry. Outbreaks of genotype VII NDV and IBDV variants in vaccinated poultry flocks call for genetically matched vaccines. In the present study, a genetic matched chimeric NDV LaSota vaccine strain expressing VP2 gene of IBDV variant, rLaS-VIIF/HN-VP2 was generated for the first time, in which both the F and HN genes of LaSota were replaced with those of the genotype VII NDV strain FJSW. The cleavage site of the FJSW strain F protein in the rLaS-VIIF/HN-VP2 genome was mutated to the avirulent motif found in LaSota. Expression of IBDV VP2 protein was confirmed by western blot. The rLaS-VIIF/HN-VP2 maintained the efficient replication ability in embryonated eggs, low pathogenicity and genetic stability comparable to that of parental LaSota virus. One dose oculonasal vaccination of one-week-old SPF chickens with rLaS-VIIF/HN-VP2 induced full protection against genotype VII NDV and IBDV lethal challenge. These results indicate that the rLaS-VIIF/HN-VP2 is a promising bivalent vaccine to prevent infections of IBDV and genotype VII NDV.

3.
Clin Transl Med ; 11(12): e680, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34898050

RESUMO

Omicron variants are part of the "Coronavirus disease 2019 [COVID-19] Variants of Concerns" and has the potential to spread around the world rapidly and can harm human life. We can anticipate that the endemic state of COVID-19 will be characterized by the development of new strains with surges that will predominate in unvaccinated and immunodeficient populations. Thus, there will be an important role in promoting vaccinations, boosters and accessible testing to prevent disease transmission and to rapidly detect surges. There is an urgent need to explore the virology and biology of Omicron variants, define clinical phenomes and therapies, monitor dynamics of genetic changes, and translate the knowledge of COVID-19 into new variants. Clinical and translational medicine will be impactful in addressing these challenges by providing new insights for understanding and predicting new variants-associated transmissibility, disease severity, immune escape, diagnostic or therapeutic failure.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/virologia , SARS-CoV-2/genética , /métodos , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Humanos , Sistema Imunitário , Mutação , África do Sul , Vacinação
4.
Clin Transl Med ; 11(12): e671, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34898038

RESUMO

scRNA-seq is on track for use as a routine measurement of clinical biochemistry and to assist in clinical decision-making and guide the performance of molecular medicine, but there are still a large number of challenges to be overcome. In conclusion, scRNA-seq-based clusters and differentiation of circulating blood cells have been examined and informative in patients with various diseases, although the information generated from scRNA-seq varies between different conditions, technologies, and diseases. Most of the clinical studies published have focused on the landscape of circulating immune cells, disease-specific patterns of new clusters, understanding of potential mechanisms, and potential correlation between cell clusters, differentiations, cell interactions, and circulating and migrated cells. It is clear that the information from scRNA-seq advances the understanding of the disease, identifies disease-specific target panels, and suggests new therapeutic strategies. The adaptation of scRNA-seq as a routine clinical measurement will require standardization and normalization of scRNA-seq-based comprehensive information and validation in a large population of healthy and diseased patients. The integration of public databases on human circulating cell clusters and differentiations with an application of artificial intelligence and computational science will accelerate the application of scRNA-seq for clinical practice. Thus, we call special attention from scientists and clinicians to the clinical and translational discovery, validation, and medicine opportunities of scRNA-seq development.

6.
Clin Transl Med ; 11(11): e579, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34841705

RESUMO

Increasing evidence supports a central role of the immune system in lung diseases. Understanding how immunological alterations between lung diseases provide opportunities for immunotherapy. Exhausted T cells play a key role of immune suppression in lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was proved in our previous study. The present study aims to furthermore define molecular landscapes and heterogeneity of systemic immune cell target proteomic and transcriptomic profiles and interactions between circulating immune cells and lung residential cells in various lung diseases. We firstly measured target proteomic profiles of circulating immune cells from healthy volunteers and patients with stable pneumonia, stable asthma, acute asthma, acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer, using single-cell analysis by cytometry by time-of-flight with 42 antibodies. The nine immune cells landscape was mapped among those respiratory system diseases, including CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells, dendritic cells, B cells, eosinophil, γδT cells, monocytes, neutrophil and natural killer cells. The double-negative T cells and exhausted CD4+ central memory T cells subset were identified in patients with acute pneumonia. This T subset expressed higher levels of T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 3 (Tim3) and T-cell immunoreceptor with Ig and ITIM domains (TIGIT) in patients with acute pneumonia and stable pneumonia. Biological processes and pathways of immune cells including immune response activation, regulation of cell cycle and pathways in cancer in peripheral blood immune cells were defined by bulk RNA sequencing (RNA-seq). The heterogeneity among immune cells including CD4+ , CD8+ T cells and NK T cells by single immune cell RNA-seq with significant difference was found by single-cell sequencing. The effect of interstitial telocytes on the immune cell types and immune function was finally studied and the expressions of CD8a and chemokine C-C motif receptor 7 (CCR7) were increased significantly in co-cultured groups. Our data indicate that proteomic and transcriptomic profiles and heterogeneity of circulating immune cells provides new insights for understanding new molecular mechanisms of immune cell function, interaction and modulation as a source to identify and develop biomarkers and targets for lung diseases.

7.
Clin Transl Med ; 11(11): e626, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34841708

RESUMO

The communication between endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondria (Mt) plays important roles in maintenance of intra- and extra-cellular microenvironment, metabolisms, signaling activities and cell-cell communication. The present review aims to overview the advanced understanding about roles of ER-Mt structural contacts, molecular interactions and chemical exchanges, signal transmissions and inter-organelle regulations in ER-Mt communication. We address how the ER-Mt communication contributes to the regulation of lipid, amino acid and glucose metabolisms by enzymes, transporters and regulators in the process of biosynthesis. We specially emphasize the importance of deep understanding about molecular mechanisms of ER-Mt communication for identification and development of biology-specific, disease-specific and metabolism-specific biomarkers and therapeutic targets for human diseases. The inhibitors and modulators of the ER-Mt communication are categorized according to therapeutic targets. Rapid development of biotechnologies will provide new insights for spatiotemporally understanding the molecular mechanisms of ER-Mt communication.

8.
Cell Biol Toxicol ; 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34797429

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the advent of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) therapies, a major breakthrough has been made in cancer treatment. However, instead of good results, some patients experienced a deterioration of their disease. This unexpected result is termed as hyper-progressive disease (HPD). The biology of HPD is currently not fully understood. METHODS: Isolation of CD3+ cells from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in healthy control, tumor patients receiving immunotherapy with or without immunotherapy-induced HPD, then conducted single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq). RESULTS: By analyzing scRNA-seq data, we identified 15 cell clusters. We observed developed-exhausted CD4+ T cells and regulatory T cells (Tregs) increasingly enriched in HPD group. Meanwhile, some effector T cells were decreased in HPD. The imbalance potentially contributes to the occurrence of HPD and poor clinical prognosis. In addition, we analyzed ligand-receptor interactions between subsets. The ligand-receptor interaction "CD74-MIF" was absent in HPD. However, in vitro experiment, we found that CD74 regulated effector function of effector CD8+ T cells. Overall, the article provides a primary study of immune profile in HPD.

9.
Allergy ; 2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34735742

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have revealed that the nasal microbiota in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is profoundly altered and is correlated with systemic inflammation. However, little is known regarding whether the microbiota can be utilized to predict nasal polyp recurrence. This study is aimed to determine whether altered nasal microbiota constituents could be used as biomarkers to predict CRSwNP recurrence. METHODS: Nasal microbiota constituents were quantified and characterized using bacterial 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing. Selected features for least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression-based predictors were the nasal microbiota community composition and CRSwNP patient clinical characteristics. The primary outcome was recurrence, which was determined post-admission. RESULTS: By distinguishing recurrence-associated nasal microbiota taxa and exploiting the distinct nasal microbiota abundance between patients with recurrent and non-recurrent CRSwNP, we developed a predictive classifier for the diagnosis of nasal polyps' recurrence with 91.4% accuracy. CONCLUSIONS: Key taxonomical features of the nasal microbiome could predict recurrence in CRSwNP patients. The nasal microbiome is an understudied source of clinical variation in CRSwNP and represents a novel therapeutic target for future prevention and treatment.

10.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol ; : 1-14, 2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736257

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fine particulate matter (PM) (PM with an aerodynamic diameter <2.5 µm, PM2.5) exposure contributes to respiratory disease development and exacerbation. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the effect of PM2.5 exposure on mucociliary function in primary human nasal epithelial cells (HNECs) and the underlying mechanism. METHODS: HNECs derived from control subjects and patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps were established as air-liquid interface cultures. Confluent cultures were exposed to 100 or 200 µg/mL PM2.5 for 24 h and assessed for expression of specific mucociliary-associated factors, the percentage of ß-tubulin IV-positive and MUC5AC-positive cells, expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) ligand and activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-AKT/ERK. In addition, cultures pretreated for 30 min with AG1478 (an EGFR inhibitor) or LY294002 (a PI3K inhibitor) following PM2.5 exposure were assessed for MUC5AC mRNA and protein expression. RESULTS: PM2.5 exposure at 100 or 200 µg/mL for 24 h did not affect geminin coiled-coil domain containing, multiciliate differentiation and DNA synthesis associated cell cycle protein, FOXJ1, or DNAI2 mRNA expression or the percentage of ß-tubulin IV-positive cells. However, 200 µg/mL PM2.5 exposure significantly increased mRNA expression of SAM-pointed domain-containing ETS transcription factor and MUC5AC and the percentage of MUC5AC-positive cells. PM2.5 also increased expression of EGFR ligands, including heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor and amphiregulin. Furthermore, PM2.5induced activation of PI3K, AKT, and ERK, and pretreatment of HNECs with AG1478 or LY294002 attenuated PM2.5-induced MUC5AC mRNA and protein expression. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This study demonstrates that short-term PM2.5 exposure increases MUC5AC expression in HNECs. Furthermore, this study shows that PM2.5-induced MUC5AC expression is likely mediated through the EGFR-PI3K pathway.

11.
Clin Transl Med ; 11(10): e530, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34709746

RESUMO

Cardiac voltage-gated ion channels (VGICs) play critical roles in mediating cardiac electrophysiological signals, such as action potentials, to maintain normal heart excitability and contraction. Inherited or acquired alterations in the structure, expression, or function of VGICs, as well as VGIC-related side effects of pharmaceutical drug delivery can result in abnormal cellular electrophysiological processes that induce life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias or even sudden cardiac death. Hence, to reduce possible heart-related risks, VGICs must be acknowledged as important targets in drug discovery and safety studies related to cardiac disease. In this review, we first summarize the development and application of electrophysiological techniques that are employed in cardiac VGIC studies alone or in combination with other techniques such as cryoelectron microscopy, optical imaging and optogenetics. Subsequently, we describe the characteristics, structure, mechanisms, and functions of various well-studied VGICs in ventricular myocytes and analyze their roles in and contributions to both physiological cardiac excitability and inherited cardiac diseases. Finally, we address the implications of the structure and function of ventricular VGICs for drug safety evaluation. In summary, multidisciplinary studies on VGICs help researchers discover potential targets of VGICs and novel VGICs in heart, enrich their knowledge of the properties and functions, determine the operation mechanisms of pathological VGICs, and introduce groundbreaking trends in drug therapy strategies, and drug safety evaluation.

12.
Clin Transl Med ; 11(10): e568, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34709762

RESUMO

With the rapid development of biotechnologies and deep improvement of knowledge, "Discovery" is the initial period and source of innovation of clinical and translational medicine. The international journal of Clinical and Translational Discovery serves to highlight unknown or unclear aspects of clinical and translational medicine-associated knowledge, technologies, mechanisms, and therapies (https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/27680622). The Discovery aims to define the interaction between genes, proteins, and cells, and explore molecular mechanisms of intercommunication and inter-regulation. More discoveries of technologies and equipment are expected to improve method sensitivity, specificity, stability, analysis, and clinical significance. The first priority of Clinical and Translational Discovery is to turn gene-, protein-, drug-, cell-, and interaction-based discoveries into health advancements. Clinical and Translational Discovery highly focuses on the discoveries of biological therapies and precision medicine-based therapy elicited from computational chemistry, DNA libraries, target-dependent small molecular drugs, high-throughput screening, vaccination, immune therapy, cell implantations, gene editing, and RNA- or protein-based inhibitors. Thus, Clinical and Translational Discovery sincerely welcome you to join and share the rapid development and future successes to come.

13.
Clin Transl Allergy ; 11(7): e12059, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34504680

RESUMO

Background: Tissue remodeling caused by increased MMPs is involved in the pathogenesis of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP). We previously found higher levels of periostin and tenascin C in CRSwNPs, but whether they are associated with the dysregulation of MMPs is unknown. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the regulatory roles of these two ECM proteins in the expression of MMPs in nasal polyps. Methods: The concentrations of MMP-2, MMP-3, MMP-7, MMP-8, MMP-9, MMP-12, MMP-13, TIMP-1, TIMP-2, TIMP-3, TIMP-4, periostin, and tenascin C in tissue homogenates of 51 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with and without nasal polyps and 15 control subjects were measured and were analyzed by adjusted logistic regression and spearman correlation test. Primary human nasal polyp fibroblasts and epithelial cells were stimulated ex vivo with periostin and tenascin C and the gene expression of MMPs and TIMPs was determined by means of real-time PCR. Results: The protein levels of MMP-3, MMP-7, MMP-8, MMP-9, TIMP-1, TIMP-2, periostin, and tenascin C were significantly higher in patients with CRSwNPs than in healthy control subjects. The adjusted logistic regression analyses showed that MMP-3, MMP-7, MMP-8, MMP-9, TIMP-2, periostin, and tenascin C were related to the occurrence of CRSwNP. Spearman correlation test showed periostin was positively correlated with MMP-3 and TIMP-2, and tenascin C was positively correlated with MMP-3, MMP-7, MMP-8, MMP-9, and TIMP-2. Periostin stimulated the gene expression of MMP-3, MMP-7, MMP-8, and MMP-9 in fibroblasts and MMP-9 in epithelial cells ex vivo. Tenascin C stimulated the expression of MMP-3, MMP-7, MMP-8, and MMP-9 in epithelial cells. The expression of TIMPs in fibroblasts and epithelial cells was affected by neither periostin nor tenascin C. Conclusions: Periostin and tenascin C might be involved in the remodeling of nasal polyps by regulating the expression of different MMPs in epithelial cells and fibroblasts. Our findings have the potential to identify key factors of tissue remodeling in CRSwNPs.

14.
Acta Pharm Sin B ; 11(8): 2114-2135, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522580

RESUMO

Natural extracellular vesicles (EVs) play important roles in many life processes such as in the intermolecular transfer of substances and genetic information exchanges. Investigating the origins and working mechanisms of natural EVs may provide an understanding of life activities, especially regarding the occurrence and development of diseases. Additionally, due to their vesicular structure, EVs (in small molecules, nucleic acids, proteins, etc.) could act as efficient drug-delivery carriers. Herein, we describe the sources and biological functions of various EVs, summarize the roles of EVs in disease diagnosis and treatment, and review the application of EVs as drug-delivery carriers. We also assess the challenges and perspectives of EVs in biomedical applications.

15.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(4): 1136-1140, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362493

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of CHOP regimen based on doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome in the initial treatment of elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). METHODS: Thirty-one patients with DLBCL treated from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, their median age was 83 (71-95) years old, and all of them were in Ⅲ-Ⅳ stage, including 17 cases who had international prognostic index (IPI) ≥ 3. The patients were treated with R-CHOP and CHOP regimens based on doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome. The efficacy and safety were evaluated during and after treatment. RESULTS: A total of 219 chemotherapy cycles and 7 median cycles were performed in 31 patients. The overall response (OR) rate and complete remission (CR) rate was 80.7% (25/31) and 61.3% (19/31), respectively, as well as 2 cases (6.5%) stable, 4 cases (12.9%) progressive. The main toxicities were as follows: the incidence of grade Ⅲ -Ⅳ neutropenia was 29% (9/31); two patients (6.5%) developed degree Ⅰ-Ⅱ cardiac events, which were characterized by new degree Ⅰ atrioventricular block; there were no cardiac events requiring emergency treatment and discontinuation of chemotherapy. The 1-year, 2-year and 3-year overall survival rate was 83.9%, 77.4% and 61.3%, respectively. The 1-year, 2-year and 3-year progression-free survival rate was 77.4%, 64.5% and 61.3%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The chemotherapy regimen based on doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome has better efficacy and higher cardiac safety for elderly patients with DLBCL.


Assuntos
Lipossomos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Lipossomos/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Prednisolona , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
16.
Front Mol Biosci ; 8: 700712, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34368229

RESUMO

Glucocorticoids are a class of steroid hormones secreted from the adrenal glands. The strong anti-inflammatory effects make it be one of the most popular and versatile drugs available to treat chronic inflammatory diseases. Additionally, supramolecular materials have been widely exploited in drug delivery, due to their biocompatibility, tunability, and predictability. Thus, steroid-based supramolecular materials and the release of steroids have been applied in the treatment of inflammatory diseases. This mini-review summarized recent advances in supramolecular materials loaded with glucocorticoid drugs in terms of hydrophobic interactions, electrostatic interactions, hydrogen bonding, and π-π stackings. We also discussed and prospected the application of the glucocorticoid drugs-based supramolecular system on chronic rhinosinusitis, multifactorial inflammatory disease of the nasal and paranasal sinuses mucosal membranes. Overall, supramolecular materials can provide an alternative to traditional materials as a novel delivery platform in clinical practice.

17.
iScience ; 24(8): 102819, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34381963

RESUMO

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident transmembrane protein kinase/RNase Ire1 is a conserved sensor of the cellular unfolded protein response and has been implicated in lipid homeostasis, including lipid synthesis and transport, across species. Here we report a novel catabolic role of Ire1 in regulating lipid mobilization in Drosophila. We found that Ire1 is activated by nutrient deprivation, and, importantly, fat body-specific Ire1 deficiency leads to increased lipid mobilization and sensitizes flies to starvation, whereas fat body Ire1 overexpression results in the opposite phenotypes. Genetic interaction and biochemical analyses revealed that Ire1 regulates lipid mobilization by promoting Xbp1s-associated FoxO degradation and suppressing FoxO-dependent lipolytic programs. Our results demonstrate that Ire1 is a catabolic sensor and acts through the Xbp1s-FoxO axis to hamper the lipolytic response during chronic food deprivation. These findings offer new insights into the conserved Ire1 regulation of lipid homeostasis.

18.
Clin Transl Med ; 11(8): e518, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34459142

RESUMO

The rapid development of technologies provides the potential to perform real-time visualization of transcriptional bursting patterns, superenhancer formation and sensitivity to perturbation, and interactions between enhancers, promoters, and regulators during the burst. The transcriptional bursting-induced fluctuation can modify cell capacities, cell-cell communications, cell responses to microenvironmental changes, and forms of cell death. A large number of clinical and translational studies describe the existence of heterogeneity among cells, tissues, and organs but mechanism-based understanding of how and why the heterogeneity exists and how it is formed. The transcriptional bursting, fluctuation, and control determine the development of heterogeneity and optimize cell functions in the cell development and differentiation, contribute to the initiation of cell dysfunction and tumorigenesis in response to environments, and development/evolvement of hyper/hyposensitivity to drugs. Spatiotemporal monitoring of transcriptional bursting and control provides a new insight and deeper understanding of spatiotemporal molecular medicine by integrating the transcriptional positioning and function with cell phenotypes, cell-cell communication, and clinical phenomes.

19.
Clin Transl Med ; 11(8): e529, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34459143

RESUMO

Mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to the imbalance of cellular homeostasis and the development of diseases, which is regulated by mitochondria-associated factors. The present review aims to explore the process of the mitochondrial quality control system as a new source of the potential diagnostic biomarkers and/or therapeutic targets for diseases, including mitophagy, mitochondrial dynamics, interactions between mitochondria and other organelles (lipid droplets, endoplasmic reticulum, endosomes, and lysosomes), as well as the regulation and posttranscriptional modifications of mitochondrial DNA/RNA (mtDNA/mtRNA). The direct and indirect influencing factors were especially illustrated in understanding the interactions among regulators of mitochondrial dynamics. In addition, mtDNA/mtRNAs and proteomic profiles of mitochondria in various lung diseases were also discussed as an example. Thus, alternations of mitochondria-associated regulators can be a new category of biomarkers and targets for disease diagnosis and therapy.

20.
World Allergy Organ J ; 14(7): 100537, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429814

RESUMO

Background: The prevalence rates of allergic rhinitis (AR) and asthma in the border region of China may be different from those in the central region of plateau grasslands. A survey was performed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors for AR, asthma, and AR combined with asthma among adults (age ≥ 20 years) residing in the southern border of plateau grasslands in northern China. Methods: From May to August 2018, a cross-sectional survey was completed by subjects that were selected using a cluster random sampling method. The subjects completed a questionnaire and were administered skin prick tests (SPTs). Risk factors for AR, asthma, and AR combined with asthma were examined by multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results: A total of 1815 adult subjects in the selected region completed study. The prevalence rates of physician-diagnosed AR, asthma, and AR combined with asthma were 13.9% (253), 9.8% (177), and 2.9% (52), respectively. Among the patients with AR, 20.6% were found to have concurrent asthma; among the patients with asthma, 29.4% were found to have concurrent AR. Artemisia and Humulus pollen were the most common sensitizing pollen types. Approximately 70% of subjects with AR and <30% of asthma patients were sensitized to Artemisia and Humulus pollen. Symptoms of AR and asthma mainly appeared during August. A multivariable logistic regression analysis identified sensitization pollen as an independent risk factor for both AR and AR combined with asthma (AR: OR = 16.23, 95% CI: 10.15-25.96; AR combined with asthma: OR = 6.16, 95% CI: 1.28-29.66). An age >40 years old, family history of asthma, moderate-to-severe AR, adverse food reactions, and mold allergies were independent risk factors for AR combined with asthma. Conclusions: This study identified the prevalence rates of AR and asthma in the southern borders of the plateau grassland in northern China (>1500 m above sea level). Sensitization pollen is an independent risk factor for AR and AR combined with asthma.

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