Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 14.025
Filtrar
1.
Phytomedicine ; 90: 153630, 2021 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217968

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), the most fatal subtype of stroke, has no disease-modifying treatment. Da-cheng-qi decoction (DCQ), composed of rhubarb, is one of the most commonly used Chinese traditional decoctions in ICH treatment. But the mechanism is not clear. Emodin is an active compound found in rhubarb. PURPOSE: To study the protective effects of DCQ on ICH and its possible mechanisms of action. METHODS: The ICH model was reproduced by injecting collagenase-VII into the left caudate putamen (CPu) of rats. DCQ and emodin were used to treat the ICH rats for 7 days. Behavior tests, proteomic analysis, morphological studies, and western blotting were performed. RESULTS: The neurological deficits in the ICH rats recovered with DCQ and emodin on the 14th day after ICH. The proteomics data revealed that DCQ significantly corrected the pathological signals in the CPu and hippocampus after ICH. The numbers of amoebic microglia in the CPu and M2 microglia in both CPu and hippocampus were significantly increased after DCQ and emodin treatment. The increase in GluN2B-containing NMDA receptor (NR2B) and postsynaptic density protein-95, activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signals in the CPu, and secondary neurodegeneration (SND) in the hippocampus were significantly recovered in DCQ-treated rats. Inhibition of MAPK p38 (p38) in the hippocampus was observed after DCQ and emodin treatment. CONCLUSION: The protective effects of DCQ on ICH were confirmed in this study, and its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of MAPK and activation of M2 microglia. These results are beneficial to the development of ICH therapeutic targets.

2.
Cell Cycle ; : 1-13, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34223793

RESUMO

Vascular endothelial dysfunction is associated with the progress of many diseases. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) take part in the dysfunction of vascular endothelium. CircRNA hsa_circ_0008360 (circ_0008360) is dysregulated in high glucose-treated vascular endothelium, while the role and mechanism of circ_0008360 in high glucose-induced dysfunction remain unknown. Human umbilical vascular endothelium cells (HUVEC) were stimulated via high glucose. The abundances of circ_0008360, miR-186-5p and cyclin D2 (CCND2) were examined via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction or western blot. Vascular endothelial dysfunction was assessed via cell viability, apoptosis, migration and tube formation. The target relationship between miR-186-5p and circ_0008360 or CCND2 was analyzed via dual-luciferase reporter, RNA pull-down and RNA immunoprecipitation analyses. Circ_0008360 expression was enhanced in high-glucose-treated HUVEC. Circ_0008360 silence mitigated high glucose-induced suppression of viability, migration, tube formation, and increase in apoptosis in HUVEC. MiR-186-5p was sponged by circ_0008360, and miR-186-5p inhibition reversed the effect of circ_0008360 silence on high glucose-induced vascular endothelial dysfunction. MiR-186-5p alleviated high glucose-induced vascular endothelial dysfunction via targeting CCND2. CCND2 interference abolished the aggravated effect of circ_0008360 on high glucose-induced vascular endothelial dysfunction. Circ_0008360 knockdown attenuated high glucose-induced vascular endothelial dysfunction via regulating miR-186-5p and CCND2, indicating circ_0008360 might act as a target for the treatment of vascular endothelial dysfunction.Abbreviations: circRNAs, circular RNAs; HUVEC, human umbilical vascular endothelium cells; CCND2, cyclin D2; XPNPEP3, X-prolyl aminopeptidase 3; ceRNAs, competing endogenous RNAs; miRNAs, microRNAs; qRT-PCR, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction; RIP, RNA immunoprecipitation; HIF-1α, hypoxia inducible factor 1 alpha; TLR3, toll-like receptor 3; AKAP12, A-Kinase Anchoring Protein 12; ox-LDL, oxidized low-density lipoprotein; HG, high glucose; NG, normal glucose.

3.
J Prim Care Community Health ; 12: 21501327211031767, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34235997

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Central sensitization syndromes (CSS) comprise an overlapping group of clinical conditions with the core feature of "pain arising as a direct consequence of a lesion or disease affecting the somatosensory system." Patients with CSS are known to have challenging interactions with healthcare providers contributing to psychological distress and increased healthcare utilization. CSS symptom severity has been associated with psychologic comorbidities, but little is known about how symptom severity relates to provider interactions. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey among patients with CSS in our primary care practices to examine the relationship between CSS symptom severity and experiences with doctors. RESULTS: A total of 775 respondents completed the survey (775/5000; 15.5%) with 72% reporting high CSS symptom severity. About 44% of respondents had a prior diagnosis of fibromyalgia, 72% had migraines, and 28% had IBS. Patients with high CSS symptom severity were more likely to report that doctor(s) had often/always told them that they don't need treatment when they feel like they do (OR = 3.6, 95% CI 1.9-7.5), that doctor(s) often/always don't understand them (OR = 3.1, 95% CI 1.9-5.4), and that doctor(s) often/always seem annoyed with them when compared with respondents with low-moderate CSS symptom severity (OR = 4.8, 95% CI 2.2-12.5). Patients with high CSS symptom severity were at greater than 5 times odds of reporting being told that their symptoms were "all in their head" when compared to patients with low-moderate symptom severity (OR = 5.4, 95% CI 3.3-9.0). CONCLUSION: Patients with CSS spectrum disorders experience frequent pain and decreased quality of life. A high degree of CSS symptom severity is associated with negative experiences with healthcare providers, which deters the establishment of a positive provider-patient relationship. Further research is needed to help understand symptom severity in CSS and harness the power of the therapeutic alliance as a treatment modality.

4.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2021: 8810046, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234823

RESUMO

Complex time series data exists widely in actual systems, and its forecasting has great practical significance. Simultaneously, the classical linear model cannot obtain satisfactory performance due to nonlinearity and multicomponent characteristics. Based on the data-driven mechanism, this paper proposes a deep learning method coupled with Bayesian optimization based on wavelet decomposition to model the time series data and forecasting its trend. Firstly, the data is decomposed by wavelet transform to reduce the complexity of the time series data. The Gated Recurrent Unit (GRU) network is trained as a submodel for each decomposition component. The hyperparameters of wavelet decomposition and each submodel are optimized with Bayesian sequence model-based optimization (SMBO) to develop the modeling accuracy. Finally, the results of all submodels are added to obtain forecasting results. The PM2.5 data collected by the US Air Quality Monitoring Station is used for experiments. By comparing with other networks, it can be found that the proposed method outperforms well in the multisteps forecasting task for the complex time series.

5.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 8828677, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34235223

RESUMO

Analysis and diagnosis according to the collected physical data are an important part in the physical examination. Through the data analysis of the physical examination results and expert diagnoses, the physical condition of a specific physical examination unit can be achieved which may guide individual health development. However, in general, the application of physical examination data is insufficient in most of the current physical examination organizations. Therefore, in the present study, statistical analysis and intelligent diagnosis were applied to maximize the utilization of physical examination data. The physical examination data collected from different departments of Dalian University of Technology were statistically analyzed and then synthesized for stimulating the thinking mode and knowledge framework of medical experts by a learning model on machine, resulting in the construction of an intelligent physical examination diagnosis method with 93.4% accuracy confirmed by experts. In conclusion, a potential artificial intelligence model of psychical examination data on health analysis and intelligent diagnosis was established, which may become more and more accurate with data accumulation in the near future.

7.
Chaos ; 31(5): 051105, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34240951

RESUMO

We characterize a stochastic dynamical system with tempered stable noise, by examining its probability density evolution. This probability density function satisfies a nonlocal Fokker-Planck equation. First, we prove a superposition principle that the probability measure-valued solution to this nonlocal Fokker-Planck equation is equivalent to the martingale solution composed with the inverse stochastic flow. This result together with a Schauder estimate leads to the existence and uniqueness of strong solution for the nonlocal Fokker-Planck equation. Second, we devise a convergent finite difference method to simulate the probability density function by solving the nonlocal Fokker-Planck equation. Finally, we apply our aforementioned theoretical and numerical results to a nonlinear filtering system by simulating a nonlocal Zakai equation.

8.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34241804

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the mechanism of Shengmai Injection (SMI, ) on anti-sepsis and protective activities of intestinal mucosal barrier. METHODS: The contents of 11 active components of SMI including ginsenoside Rb1, Rb2, Rb3, Rd, Re, Rf, Rg1, Rg2, ophioposide D, schisandrol A and schisantherin A were determined using ultra-performance liquid chromatography. Fifty mice were randomly divided into the blank, the model, the low-, medium- and high-dose SMI groups (0.375, 0.75, 1.5 mL/kg, respectively) by random number table, 10 mice in each group. In SMI group, SMI was administrated to mice daily via tail vein injection for 3 consecutive days, while the mice in the blank and model groups were given 0.1 mL of normal saline. One hour after the last SMI administration, except the blank group, the mice in other groups were intraperitoneally injected with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) saline solution (2 mL/kg) at a dosage of 5 mL/kg for development of endotoxemia mice model. The mice in the blank group were given the same volume of normal saline. Inflammatory factors including interferon-γ (INF-γ), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-2 and IL-10 were measured by flow cytometry. Myosin light-chain kinase (MLCK), nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) levels, and change of Occludin proteins in jejunum samples were analyzed by Western blot. RESULTS: The decreasing trends of INF-γ, TNF-α and IL-2 were found in serum of SMI treatment groups. In SMI-treated mice, the content of Occludin increased and MLCK protein decreased compared with the model group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The content of cellular and nuclear NF-κB did not change significantly (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: SMI may exert its anti-sepsis activity mainly through NF-κB-pro-inflammatory factor-MLCK-TJ cascade.

9.
Mikrochim Acta ; 188(8): 244, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231048

RESUMO

A dual-mode aptasensor using colorimetry and microfluidic chip (MC) together with stir bar sorptive extraction (SBSE) has been developed for firstly qualifying samples contaminated with Vibrio parahaemolyticus (V.P) and Salmonella typhimurium (S.T), then precisely determine both of them in positive samples. For this purpose, the aptamer-streptavidin encoded probes (Apt-SAEs) corresponding to different bacteria were prepared in advance. Then, a stir bar modified with 4-mercaptophenylboronic acid (MPBA) was made to extract bacteria together with Apt-SAE probes. The binding event of aptamer and target triggered the formation of two sandwich structures containing Apt-SAE, V.P or S.T. The concentration of bacteria could be enriched by 1000 times within 15 min to avoid long-time enrichment process. Finally, the stir bar was immersed in the 3,3',5,5'-Tetramethylbenzidine (TMB)-H2O2 solution for color development. The color could be observed by naked eyes to judge whether the analytes were present. The colorless samples were judged to be negative. For the positive samples, the adsorbed encoded probes corresponding to different bacteria would be eluted from the stir bar and rapidly analyzed by the MC. Under the optimized conditions, 100 CFU/mL of V.P or S.T or both of them could be observed by colorimetry and 35 CFU/mL of them could be detected (S/N = 3) by the MC. The assay has significant application value for on-site screening and multiple detection of food-borne pathogenic bacteria.

10.
Chin Med Sci J ; 36(2): 150-157, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231463

RESUMO

Alternating hemiplegia of childhood is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder. Most cases are reported as sporadic disorder due to de novo variants, and few with family members involved. Two boys were hospitalized due to epileptic seizures occurred initially at age of six to seven months. During the course of the disease, there were repeated episodes of paroxysmal weakness or paralysis affecting one side of the body. Genetic testing showed that both patients carried heterozygous missense mutations in theATP1A3 gene (OMIM: 614820): c.3025 (exon 22) A>G (p.K1009E) and c.2443 (exon 18) G>A (p.E815K). Flunarizine can significantly improve the paroxysmal motor symptoms of pediatric patients with alternating hemiplegia.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34235851

RESUMO

The role of solution aggregates on the charge transport process of conjugated polymers in electronic devices has gained increasing attention; however, the correlation of the charge carrier mobilities in the solution aggregates and the solid-state films remains elusive. Herein, three polymers, FBDOPV-2T, FBDOPV-2F2T, and FBDOPV-4F2T, are designed and synthesized, and exhibit distinct aggregation behavior in solution. By combining contact-free ultrafast Terahertz (THz) spectroscopy and field-effect transistor measurements, we track the charge carrier mobility of the aggregates of these polymers from the solution to thin-film states. Remarkably, the mobility of three polymers is found to follow nearly the same trend (FBDOPV-2T > FBDOPV-2F2T > > FBDOPV-4F2T) in both solution and thin-film states. The quantitative mobility correlation indicates that the charge transport properties of solution aggregates play a critical role in determining the thin-film charge transport properties and final device performance. Our results highlight the importance of investigating and controlling solution aggregation structures towards efficient organic electronic devices.

13.
Diagn Pathol ; 16(1): 63, 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34256767

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a superficial fibroblastic tumor characterized by high rate of local recurrence and low metastatic potential. Fibrosarcomatous transformation can rarely arise in DFSP either de novo or as recurrent, which represents a form of tumor progression and carries an increased risk of metastasis over classic DFSP. Cytogenetically, DFSP is characterized by a recurrent unbalanced chromosome translocation t (17;22)(q22;q13), leading to the formation of COL1A1-PDGFB fusion transcript that is present in more than 90% of cases. Alternative fusions involving the PDGFD with partners of COL6A3 or EMILIN2 have recently been documented in less than 2% of cases. Herein, we report a DFSP with fibrosarcomtous morphology harboring a novel TNC-PDGFD fusion. CASE PRESENTATION: A 54-year-old female presented with a slowly growing mass in the right thigh. Excision demonstrated a 2-cm ovoid, well-circumscribed, gray-white, mass. Microscopic examination revealed a partially encapsulated subcutaneous nodule without dermal connection. The neoplasm was composed of cellular and fairly uniform spindle cells with brisk mitoses, arranged in elongated fascicles and herringbone patterns, with focal collagenized stroma. The neoplastic cells were positive for CD34 and smooth muscle actin. Fluorescence in-situ hybridization analyses showed negative for COL1A1-PDGFB fusion as well as NTRK1/2/3 rearrangements. A subsequent RNA sequencing detected an in-frame fusion between exon 15 of TNC and exon 6 of PDGFD. This fusion was further confirmed by nested reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction amplification followed by Sanger sequencing. A diagnosis of fibrosarcomatous DFSP was rendered and the patient was in good status at a follow-up of 12 months after the operation. CONCLUSIONS: We report a fibrosarcomatous DFSP with novel TNC-PDGFD fusion, which adds to the pathologic and genetic spectrum of PDGFD-rearranged DFSP.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34256994

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the main liver diseases, and its pathologic profile includes nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). However, there is no reliable non-invasive parameter in distinguishing NASH from NAFL in clinical practice. The present study was to find a non-invasive way to differentiate these two categories of NAFLD via lipidomic analysis. METHODS: Lipidomic analysis was used to determine the changes of lipid moieties in blood from 20 NAFL and 10 NASH patients with liver biopsy. Liver histology was evaluated after hematoxylin and eosin staining and Masson's trichrome staining. The profile of lipid metabolites in correlation with steatosis, inflammation, hepatocellular necroptosis, fibrosis, and NAFLD activity score (NAS) was analyzed. RESULTS: Compared with NAFL patients, NASH patients had higher degree of steatosis, ballooning degeneration, lobular inflammation. A total of 434 different lipid molecules were identified, which were mainly composed of various phospholipids and triacylglycerols. Many lipids, such as phosphatidylcholine (PC) (P-22:0/18:1), sphingomyelin (SM) (d14:0/18:0), SM (d14:0/24:0), SM (d14:0/22:0), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) (18:0/22:5), PC (O-22:2/12:0), and PC (26:1/11:0) were elevated in the NASH group compared to those in the NAFL group. Specific analysis revealed an overall lipidomic profile shift from NAFL to NASH, and identified valuable lipid moieties, such as PCs [PC (14:0/18:2), PE (18:0/22:5) and PC (26:1/11:0)] or plasmalogens [PC (O-22:0/0:0), PC (O-18:0/0:0), PC (O-16:0/0:0)], which were significantly altered in NASH patients. In addition, PC (14:0/18:2), phosphatidic acid (18:2/24:4) were positively correlated with NAS; whereas PC (18:0/0:0) was correlated positively with fibrosis score. CONCLUSIONS: The present study revealed overall lipidomic profile shift from NAFL to NASH, identified valuable lipid moieties which may be non-invasive biomarkers in the categorization of NAFLD. The correlations between lipid moieties and NAS and fibrosis scores indicate that these lipid biomarkers may be used to predict the severity of the disease.

15.
Analyst ; 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259245

RESUMO

Two-photon fluorescence imaging is one of the most attractive imaging techniques for monitoring important biomolecules in the biomedical field due to its advantages of low light scattering, high penetration depth, and suppressed photodamage/phototoxicity under near-infrared excitation. However, in actual biological imaging, organic two-photon fluorescent dyes have disadvantages such as high biological toxicity and their fluorescence efficiency is easily affected by the complex environment in organisms. In this study, a novel nanoprobe platform with two-photon dye-doped silica nanoparticles was developed for FRET-based ratiometric biosensing and bioimaging, with endogenous ATP chosen as the target for detection. The nanoprobe has three components: (1) a two-photon dye-doped silica nanoparticle core, which serves as an energy donor for FRET; (2) amino-modified hairpin primers with carboxy fluorescein as an energy acceptor for FRET; (3) an aptamer acting as a recognition unit to realize the probing function. The nanoprobe showed ratiometric fluorescence responses for ATP detection with high sensitivity and high selectivity in vivo. Moreover, the nanoprobe showed satisfactory ratiometric two-photon fluorescence imaging of endogenous ATP in living cells and tissues (penetration depth of 190 nm). These results indicated that novel two-photon silica nanoparticles can be constructed by doping a two-photon fluorescent dye into silica nanoparticles, and they can effectively solve the disadvantages of two-photon fluorescent dyes. These excellent performances indicate that this novel nanoprobe platform will become a very valuable molecular imaging tool, which can be widely used in the biomedical field for drug screening and disease diagnosis and other related research.

16.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(7): 721-4, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259401

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effect of Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture on chronic insomnia, and explore its possible mechanism. METHODS: A total of 60 patients with chronic insomnia were randomly divided into an observation group (30 cases) and a control group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off ). The observation group was treated with Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture at Baihui (GV 20), Yintang (GV 29), Shenting (GV 24), etc. once every other day, 3 times a week. The control group was treated with estazolam tablets (1 mg) orally before going to bed every night. The treatments of both groups were required 4 weeks. The Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) scores, serum gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and cortisol (CORT) levels were observed before and after treatment in the two groups, and the clinical effect was compared. RESULTS: After treatment, the sleep quality, day dysfunction scores of PSQI in the observation group and the falling asleep time, sleep time, sleep efficiency, sleep disturbance scores and total scores of PSQI in the two groups were lower than before treatment (P<0.01, P<0.05). After treatment, the daytime dysfunction score of PSQI in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the serum GABA levels in the two groups were higher than before treatment (P<0.05), and the serum CORT levels were lower than before treatment (P<0.01). The total effective rate was 90% (27/30) in the observation group and 93.1% (27/29) in the control group, the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture has the same effect as western medication estazolam tablets in the treatment of patients with chronic insomnia, and has little effect on daytime dysfunction. The mechanism may be related to the increase of serum GABA level and the inhibition of the hyperactivation of hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis.

17.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(7): 799-804, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259416

RESUMO

The survey is conducted prior to the development of international standard, Guideline for Clinical Practice of Acupuncture-Moxibustion: Migraine (Guideline) to determine the international demand. The survey includes 5 aspects, i.e. the application status of acupuncture and moxibustion abroad and the demand for the development of international standards, the priority of diseases developed by international standards, the necessity of the transformation of international standards from domestic standards, the key clinical problems to be solved by international standards, and the correlation between professional level and demand intention. The survey results show that the international demand of the Guideline is definite. Regarding the application range of acupuncture-moxibustion and the key clinical questions, the special consideration should be taken to the differences in the demands of the practitioners from different countries during the development of standard.

18.
BMC Pulm Med ; 21(1): 226, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34253218

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medical thoracoscopy (MT) is recommended in patients with undiagnosed exudative pleural effusion and offers a degree of diagnostic sensitivity for pleural malignancy. However, not all patients who undergo MT receive an exact diagnosis. Our previous investigation from 2014 summarized the long-term outcomes of these patients with nonspecific pleurisy (NSP); now, we offer updated data with the goal of refining our conclusions. METHODS: Between July 2005 and August 2018, MT with pleural biopsies were performed in a total of 1,254 patients with undiagnosed pleural effusions. One hundred fifty-four patients diagnosed with NSP with available follow-up data were included in the present study, and their medical records were reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 154 patients were included in this study with a mean follow-up duration of 61.5 ± 43.7 months (range: 1-180 months). No specific diagnosis was established in 67 (43.5%) of the patients. Nineteen patients (12.3%) were subsequently diagnosed with pleural malignancies. Sixty-eight patients (44.2%) were diagnosed with benign diseases. Findings of pleural nodules or plaques during MT and the recurrence of pleural effusion were associated with malignant disease. CONCLUSIONS: Although most NSP patients received a diagnosis of a benign disease, malignant disease was still a possibility, especially in those patients with nodules or plaques as noted on the MT and a recurrence of pleural effusion. One year of clinical follow-up for NSP patients is likely sufficient. These updated results further confirm our previous study's conclusions.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34254412

RESUMO

The inhalation of atmospheric particles is toxicological to human health. However, as a complex mixture, tracing the behaviors of multiple components from real aerosol particles is crucial but unachievable by the existing methods. Here, taking advantage of the intrinsic fingerprints of elemental carbon (EC) and organic carbon (OC) in carbonaceous aerosol (CA) upon laser irradiation, we proposed a label-free mass spectrometry imaging method to visualize and quantify the deposition, translocation and component variation of CA in organs. With this method, the heterogeneous deposition, clearance and release behavior of CA in lung, that more OC was released in parenchyma and OC was cleared faster than EC, was observed. The translocation of CA to extrapulmonary organs including kidney, liver, spleen and even brain was also verified and quantified. By comparing the ratio of OC to EC, an organ-specific release behavior of OC from CA during circulation was revealed.  In orthotopic lung and liver tumor, OC was found to penetrate more into tumor foci than EC. This technique provides deeper information for understanding the systemic health effects of aerosol particles.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...