Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 15.743
Filtrar
2.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol ; : 116169, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926565

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Our previous studies have confirmed that aspirin combined with Lipitor inhibited the development of prostate cancer (PCa), but the mechanisms need to be comprehensively expounded. The study aims to screen out the hub genes of combination therapy and to explore their association with the pathogenesis and prognosis of PCa. METHODS: Gene expressions were quantified by RNA sequencing (RNA-seq). Altered biological function, pathways of differentially expressed genes (DEGs), protein-protein interaction network, the filtering of hub genes, gene co-expression and the pathogenesis and prognosis were revealed by bioinformatics analysis. The correlation between hub gene expression and patient survival was validated by Kaplan-Meier. The effects of silent DNA replication and sister chromatid cohesion 1 (siDSCC1) combined with Lipitor and aspirin on DSCC1 expression, viability, invasion and migration of PCa cells were detected by qRT-PCR, Wound healing and transwell assays. RESULTS: 157 overlapped DEGs involved in FoxO, PI3K-Akt and p53 signaling pathways were identified. Ten hub genes (NEIL3, CDC7, DSCC1, CDC25C, PRIM1, MCM10, FBXO5, DTL, SERPINE1, EXO1) were verified to be correlated with the pathology and prognosis of PCa. DSCC1 silencing not only inhibited the viability, migration and invasion of PCa cells, but also strengthened the suppressing effects of Lipitor and aspirin alone or in combination on PCa cells. CONCLUSION: The enrichment pathways and targets of Lipitor combined with aspirin in PCa are discovered, and DSCC1 silencing can potentiate the effect of Lipitor combined with aspirin in the treatment of PCa.

3.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 12(8): 4259-4271, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35919046

RESUMO

Background: Because osteoporotic vertebral fracture (OVF) on chest radiographs is commonly missed in radiological reports, we aimed to develop a software program which offers automated detection of compressive vertebral fracture (CVF) on lateral chest radiographs, and which emphasizes CVF detection specificity with a low false positivity rate. Methods: For model training, we retrieved 3,991 spine radiograph cases and 1,979 chest radiograph cases from 16 sources, with among them in total 1,404 cases had OVF. For model testing, we retrieved 542 chest radiograph cases and 162 spine radiograph cases from four independent clinics, with among them 215 cases had OVF. All cases were female subjects, and except for 31 training data cases which were spine trauma cases, all the remaining cases were post-menopausal women. Image data included DICOM (Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine) format, hard film scanned PNG (Portable Network Graphics) format, DICOM exported PNG format, and PACS (Picture Archiving and Communication System) downloaded resolution reduced DICOM format. OVF classification included: minimal and mild grades with <20% or ≥20-25% vertebral height loss respectively, moderate grade with ≥25-40% vertebral height loss, severe grade with ≥40%-2/3 vertebral height loss, and collapsed grade with ≥2/3 vertebral height loss. The CVF detection base model was mainly composed of convolution layers that include convolution kernels of different sizes, pooling layers, up-sampling layers, feature merging layers, and residual modules. When the model loss function could not be further decreased with additional training, the model was considered to be optimal and termed 'base-model 1.0'. A user-friendly interface was also developed, with the synthesized software termed 'Ofeye 1.0'. Results: Counting cases and with minimal and mild OVFs included, base-model 1.0 demonstrated a specificity of 97.1%, a sensitivity of 86%, and an accuracy of 93.9% for the 704 testing cases. In total, 33 OVFs in 30 cases had a false negative reading, which constituted a false negative rate of 14.0% (30/215) by counting all OVF cases. Eighteen OVFs in 15 cases had OVFs of ≥ moderate grades missed, which constituted a false negative rate of 7.0% (15/215, i.e., sensitivity 93%) if only counting cases with ≥ moderate grade OVFs missed. False positive reading was recorded in 13 vertebrae in 13 cases (one vertebra in each case), which constituted a false positivity rate of 2.7% (13/489). These vertebrae with false positivity labeling could be readily differentiated from a true OVF by a human reader. The software Ofeye 1.0 allows 'batch processing', for example, 100 radiographs can be processed in a single operation. This software can be integrated into hospital PACS, or installed in a standalone personal computer. Conclusions: A user-friendly software program was developed for CVF detection on elderly women's lateral chest radiographs. It has an overall low false positivity rate, and for moderate and severe CVFs an acceptably low false negativity rate. The integration of this software into radiological practice is expected to improve osteoporosis management for elderly women.

4.
RSC Adv ; 12(32): 20983-20990, 2022 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35919155

RESUMO

In this study, the effect of pH shock during the treatment of sulfate-containing organic wastewater was investigated using an anaerobic fermentation system reinforced with graphene oxide (GO)/iron series systems. The results show that the anaerobic system with the GO/iron series systems exhibited enhanced resistance to pH shock. Among them, the GO/Fe0 system had the strongest resistance to pH shock, the systems of GO/Fe3O4 and GO/Fe2O3 followed close behind, while the blank system performed the worst. After pH shock, the CODCr removal rate, SO4 2- removal rate, and gas production of the GO/Fe0 group were significantly improved compared with those of the control group by 51.0%, 65.3%, and 34.6%, respectively, while the accumulation of propionic acid was the lowest. Further, detailed microbial characterization revealed that the introduction of the GO/iron series systems was beneficial to the formation of more stable anaerobic co-metabolic flora in the system, and the relative abundance of Geobacter, Clostridium, Desulfobulbus and Desulfovibrio increased after acidic and alkaline shock.

5.
Phytochemistry ; : 113336, 2022 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35933005

RESUMO

Four undescribed neolignans and three undescribed amide alkaloids, along with twelve known compounds, were isolated from the stems of Piper kadsura (Choisy) Ohwi. The structures of the new compounds were determined by spectroscopic analysis, quantum-chemical calculations, and Mo2(OAc)4-induced ECD analysis. The neuroprotective effects of these compounds against Aß25-35-induced cell damage in PC12 cells were investigated, and eight compounds exhibited significant neuroprotective effects against Aß25-35-induced PC12 cell damage, with the EC50 values of 3.06-29.3 µM. Three of these compounds were selected for further experiments, and they appear to reduce apoptosis and enhance autophagy against Aß25-35-induced PC12 cell damage.

6.
J Biol Chem ; : 102326, 2022 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35933015

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia in humans. Current AF antiarrhythmic drugs have limited efficacy and carry the risk of ventricular pro-arrhythmia. GsMTx4, a mechanosensitive channel (MSC)-selective inhibitor, has been shown to suppress arrhythmias through the inhibition of stretch-activated channels (SACs) in the heart. The cost of synthesizing this peptide is a major obstacle to clinical use. Here, we studied two types of short peptides derived from GsMTx4 for their effects on a stretch-activated big potassium (BK) channel (SAKcaC) from the heart. Type I, a 17-residue peptide (referred to as Pept 01), showed comparable efficacy, whereas type II (i.e. Pept 02), a 10-residue peptide, exerted even more potent inhibitory efficacy on SAKcaC compared to GsMTx4. We identified through mutagenesis important sequences required for peptide functions. Additionally, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations revealed common structural features with a hydrophobic head followed by a positively charged protrusion that may be involved in peptide-channel/lipid interactions. Furthermore, we suggest that these short peptides may inhibit SAKcaC through a specific modification to the mechano-gate, as the inhibitory effects for both types of peptides were mostly abolished when tested with a mechano-insensitive channel variant (STREX-del) and a non-mechanosensitive BK (mSlo1) channel. These findings may offer an opportunity for the development of a new class of drugs in the treatment of cardiac arrhythmia generated by excitatory SACs in the heart..

7.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2022 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35917334

RESUMO

Anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) and nitrification, two common biological ammonium oxidation pathways, are critical for the microbial nitrogen cycle. Short chain alkanes (C2-C8) have been well-known as inhibitors for nitrification through interaction with the ammonia monooxygenase, while whether these alkanes affect anammox is an open question. Here, this work demonstrated significant inhibition of ethane on anammox and revealed the inhibitory mechanism. The acute inhibition of ethane on anammox was concentration-dependent and reversible; 0.86 mM dissolved ethane caused 50% inhibition (IC50), and 1.72 mM ethane almost completely inhibited anammox. After long-term exposure to 0.09 mM ethane for 30 days, the ammonium (nitrite) removal rate dropped from 202 (267) mg N L-1 d-1 to 1 (1) mg N L-1 d-1, and the abundance of anammox bacteria decreased from 61.9% to 9.5%. The intercellular ammonium concentration of anammox bacteria decreased after ethane exposure, while metatranscriptome analysis showed significant upregulation of genes for ammonium transport of anammox bacteria. Thus, ethane could suppress ammonium uptake resulting in the inhibition of anammox activities. As ethane is the second most prevalent alkane after methane in various anoxic environments, ethane may have an important effect on the nitrogen cycle driven by anammox that should be investigated in future research.

8.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2022 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35920118

RESUMO

Genitourinary (GU) cancers are among the most common malignant diseases in men. Rapid screening is the key to GU cancer management for early diagnosis and treatment. Urine is a highly accessible specimen type and urine metabolic fingerprints (UMFs) reflect underlying metabolite signatures of GU cancers. Herein, rapid screening of GU cancers is performed using high-throughput extraction of UMFs by mass spectrometry and efficient recognition by machine learning (ML). GU cancer patients can be distinguished with an accuracy of 90.1%. Besides, key biomarkers such as citric acid were found remarkably upregulated in cancer groups, indicating the dysregulated pathways. This approach highlights the potential role of ML in clinical application and demonstrates the expanding utility of UMFs in disease screening.

9.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 895836, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35935639

RESUMO

Background: Heart failure is currently divided into three main forms, HFrEF, HFpEF, and HFmrEF, but its etiology is diverse and highly heterogeneous. Many studies reported a variety of novel subgroups in heart failure patients, with unsupervised machine learning methods. The aim of this scoping review is to provide insights into how these techniques can diagnose and manage HF faster and better, thus providing direction for future research and facilitating its routine use in clinical practice. Methods: The review was performed following PRISMA-SCR guideline. We searched the PubMed database for eligible publications. Studies were included if they defined new subgroups in HF patients using clustering analysis methods, and excluded if they are (1) Reviews, commentary, or editorials, (2) Studies not about defining new sub-types, or (3) Studies not using unsupervised algorithms. All study screening and data extraction were conducted independently by two investigators and narrative integration of data extracted from included studies was performed. Results: Of the 498 studies identified, 47 were included in the analysis. Most studies (61.7%) were published in 2020 and later. The largest number of studies (46.8%) coming from the United States, and most of the studies were authored and included in the same country. The most commonly used machine learning method was hierarchical cluster analysis (46.8%), the most commonly used cluster variable type was comorbidity (61.7%), and the least used cluster variable type was genomics (12.8%). Most of the studies used data sets of less than 500 patients (48.9%), and the sample size had negative correlation with the number of clustering variables. The majority of studies (85.1%) assessed the association between cluster grouping and at least one outcomes, with death and hospitalization being the most commonly used outcome measures. Conclusion: This scoping review provides an overview of recent studies proposing novel HF subgroups based on clustering analysis. Differences were found in study design, study population, clustering methods and variables, and outcomes of interests, and we provided insights into how these studies were conducted and identify the knowledge gaps to guide future research.

10.
Food Funct ; 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35943028

RESUMO

Oxidative stress causes chronic inflammation, and mediates various diseases. The discovery of antioxidants from natural sources is important to research. Here we identified a novel antioxidant peptide (GLP4) from Ganoderma lingzhi mycelium and investigated its antioxidant type and potential protective mechanisms. Through free radical scavenging assay, active site shielding validation, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity assay, and lipid peroxidation assay, we demonstrated that GLP4 was a novel protective agent with both direct and indirect antioxidant activities. GLP4 could directly enter human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) as an exogenous substance. Meanwhile, GLP4 promoted the nuclear translocation of nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and activated the Nrf2/antioxidant response element (ARE) signaling pathway, exhibiting antioxidant and anti-apoptotic cytoprotective effects on hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced HUVECs. Pull-down experiments of GLP4 target proteins, bioinformatics analysis and molecular docking further revealed that GLP4 mediated Nrf2 activation through binding to phosphoglycerate mutase 5 (PGAM5). The results suggested that GLP4 is a novel peptide with dual antioxidant activity and has promising potential as a protective agent in preventing oxidative stress-related diseases.

11.
Int J Soc Psychiatry ; : 207640221109168, 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35943191

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental disorder. People with schizophrenia have transferred from hospital-based care to community-based care with the support of mental health legal policies. Challenges faced in the community should be emphasized. Limited qualitative studies have explored the challenges of living with schizophrenia. AIMS: To explore the challenges of people living with schizophrenia in the community. METHODS: A narrative method was used, including semi-structured, face-to-face interviews. Thematic analysis approach was used to analyze data. RESULTS: Ten clients and their family members participated in the study. Analysis revealed three main themes related to their challenges in the community: deficits in self-management of illness; insufficient community mental health care; and the influence of policy. These challenges prevent those with schizophrenia from effectively managing their illness, returning to a productive role in society, and improving their quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: There are challenges in mental health rehabilitation and social reintegration of individuals with schizophrenia. There is a need for continuous community mental rehabilitation services, appropriate policy support, and the need to educate the public to reduce social bias and discrimination which allows individuals with schizophrenia to assume a productive role in the community.

13.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; : 1-37, 2022 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35930458

RESUMO

AbstractAirway microenvironment played an important role in the progression of chronic respiratory disease. Here we showed that standardized pondus hydrogenii (pH) of exhaled breath condensate (EBC) of bronchiectasis patients was significantly lower than that of controls and was significantly correlated with bronchiectasis severity index (BSI) scores and disease prognosis. EBC pH was lower in severe patients than that in mild and moderate patients. Besides, acidic microenvironment deteriorated Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) pulmonary infection in mice models. Mechanistically, acidic microenvironment increased P. aeruginosa outer membrane vesicles (PA_OMVs) release and boosted it induced the activation of interferon regulatory factor3 (IRF3)-interferonß (IFN-ß) signaling pathway, ultimately compromised the anti-bacteria immunity. Targeted knockout of IRF3 or type 1 interferon receptor (IFNAR1) alleviated lung damage and lethality of mice after P. aeruginosa infection that aggravated by acidic microenvironment. Together, these findings identified airway acidification impaired host resistance to P. aeruginosa infection by enhancing its induced the activation of IRF3-IFN-ß signaling pathway. Standardized EBC pH may be a useful biomarker of disease severity and a potential therapeutic target for the refractory P. aeruginosa infection. The study also provided one more reference parameter for drug selection and new drug discovery for bronchiectasis.

14.
Front Vet Sci ; 9: 885952, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35937303

RESUMO

Antibiotic treatment of endometritis was limited by the inevitable antibiotic residues and risk of bacterial resistance. Therefore, the development of safe and effective strategies for endometritis treatment is urgently needed. Syringa oblata Lindl. (SOL) showed great pharmacological potential against endometritis. However, the active components and underlying mechanism of SOL for endometritis treatment remain indeterminate. In our study, the active components and possible molecular mechanism of SOL against endometritis were predicted through computer data mining and biological networks construction. It was predicted that the main active components of SOL were luteolin, kaempferol, oleanolic acid, and rutin, and their anti-endometritis effect was mainly attributed to the TLRs/NF-κB signaling pathway. Furthermore, a green and efficient deep eutectic solvent combined with ultrasound-assisted extraction (DES-UAE) was performed and optimized to obtain high contents of total flavonoid, rutin, and luteolin. The four predicted active components in the SOL extracts were qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed by LC/MS and HPLC. Finally, the pharmacological effects of SOL and active components have been verified by Staphylococcus aureus-endometritis models in mice. H&E staining and bacterial load in uterus tissues assays initially validated the pharmacodynamic effects of SOL, and quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) and ELISA results confirmed that SOL and four active components could ameliorate the uterus injury caused by Staphylococcus aureus, the mechanism of action is related to the TLRs/NF-κB signaling pathway.

15.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 956193, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35937372

RESUMO

The extragynoecial compitum formed by the incomplete fusion of carpel margins, while allowing intercarpellary growth of pollen tubes in apocarpous angiosperms, may also increase the risk of reproductive interference caused by heterospecific pollen (HP) deposition. In Sagittaria, congeneric HP tubes grow via different paths and enter the ovules later than conspecific pollen (CP) tubes. However, it is unclear how the growth advantage of the CP tube helps ensure reproductive success when HP is deposited on the stigmas. We performed molecular characterization of interspecies-pollinated seeds to examine the consequences of interspecific pollen deposition between Sagittaria pygmaea and S. trifolia. We also conducted CP-HP (1:1) mixed pollination and delayed CP pollination treatments to explore the seed-siring abilities of CP and HP. Our results showed that although HP could trigger the development of fruits, the interspecies-pollinated seeds contained partially developed embryos and could not germinate. More than 70% of the embryos in these seeds were molecularly identified as hybrids of both species, suggesting that HP tubes could enter the ovules and fertilize the egg cells. Moreover, CP could sire more offspring (≥70%) after the CP-HP (1:1) mixed pollination treatment, even when HP reached the stigma 0.5-1 h earlier than CP (≥50%). Following adequate CP vs. HP (1:1) pollination on carpels on two sides of the apocarpous gynoecium, both species produced > 70% conspecific seeds, indicating that the CP tubes could occupy ovules that should be occupied by HP via the extragynoecial compitum. Our results reveal that in Sagittaria, pollen deposition from co-existing congeneric heterospecies leads to interspecific seed discounting. However, the CP advantage mediated by the extragynoecial compitum is an effective strategy to mitigate the effects of interspecific pollen deposition. This study improves our understanding of how apocarpous angiosperms with an extragynoecial compitum can maintain species stability and mitigate the negative reproductive interference effect from sympatrically distributed related species.

16.
Front Neurosci ; 16: 953356, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35937891

RESUMO

Objective: A number of studies in adults and children with generalized tonic-clonic seizure (GTCS) have reported the alterations in morphometry, functional activity, and functional connectivity (FC) in the thalamus. However, the neural mechanisms underlying the alterations in the thalamus of patients with GTCS are not well understood, particularly in children. The aim of the current study was to explore the temporal properties of functional pathways connecting thalamus in children with GTCS. Methods: Here, we recruited 24 children with GTCS and 36 age-matched healthy controls. Static and dynamic FC approaches were used to evaluate alterations in the temporal variability of thalamo-cortical networks in children with GTCS. The dynamic effective connectivity (dEC) method was also used to evaluate the directions of the fluctuations in effective connectivity. In addition, the relationships between the dynamic properties and clinical features were assessed. Results: The static FC analysis presented significantly decreased connectivity patterns between the bilateral thalamus and between the thalamus and right inferior temporal gyrus. The dynamic connectivity analysis found decreased FC variability in the thalamo-cortical network of children with epilepsy. Dynamic EC analyses identified increased connectivity variability from the frontal gyrus to the bilateral thalamus, and decreased connectivity variability from the right thalamus to the left thalamus and from the right thalamus to the right superior parietal lobe. In addition, correlation analysis revealed that both static FC and connectivity temporal variability in the thalamo-cortical network related to the clinical features (epilepsy duration and epilepsy onset time). Significance: Our findings of both increased and decreased connectivity variability in the thalamo-cortical network imply a dynamic restructuring of the functional pathways connecting the thalamus in children with GTCS. These alterations in static and temporal dynamic pathways connecting the bilateral thalamus may extend our understanding of the neural mechanisms underlying the GTCS in children.

17.
Mycology ; 13(3): 212-222, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35938082

RESUMO

3,4-Dihydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-chroman derivatives have diverse physiological properties. A polyketone (3S,4S)-3,4-Dihydroxy-6-methoxy-2,2-dimethylchromom (3S,4S-DMD) with antibacterial activity was isolated from the solid culture of rare edible fungus Panus lecomtei. However, the yield of 3S,4S-DMD in solid culture of P. lecomtei is very low and the production period are too long. In this work, efficient accumulation of 3S,4S-DMD in P. lecomtei by submerged fermentation is studied. The key fermentation factors of P. lecomtei for 3S,4S-DMD production were optimised by single-factor experiment successively, and then a Box-Behnken design (BBD) experiment was carried out to further enhance 3S,4S-DMD production. A maximum 3S,4S-DMD yield of 196.3 mg/L was obtained at 25.78 g/L glucose, 1.67 g/L MgSO4 · 7H2O, 40°C and 197 r/min, respectively, which increased by 1.3-fold in comparison with that in the non-optimised fermentation conditions. Furthermore, an enhanced yield of 3S,4S-DMD (261.6 mg/L) was obtained in 5-L agitated fermenter. The 3S,4S-DMD productivity in flask and fermenter reached to 7.26 and 8.07 mg/g per day, respectively, which considerably increased by over 121-fold in comparison with that in the solid fermentation (0.06 mg/g per day). This study presents a potential method for the production of 3S,4S-DMD by submerged fermentation.

18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(15)2022 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35955657

RESUMO

Starch-gluten interactions are affected by biopolymer type and processing. However, the differentiation mechanisms for gluten-starch interactions during heating have not been illuminated. The effects of glutens from two different wheat flours (a weak-gluten (Yangmai 22, Y22) and a medium-strong gluten (Yangmai 16, Y16)) on starch's (S) structural and physicochemical properties during heating and their molecular interactions were investigated in this study. The results showed that gluten hindered the gelatinization and swelling of starch during heating when temperature was below 75 °C, due to competitive hydration and physical barriers of glutens, especially in Y22. Thus, over-heating caused the long-range molecular order and amylopectin branches of starch to be better preserved in the Y22-starch mixture (Y22-S) than in the Y16-starch mixture (Y16-S). Meanwhile, the starch's degradation pattern during heating in turn influenced the polymerization of both glutens. During heating, residual amylopectin branching points restricted the aggregation and cross-linking of gluten proteins due to steric hindrance. More intense interaction between Y16 and starch during heating mitigated the steric hindrance in starch-gluten networks, which was due to more residual short-range ordered starch and hydrogen bonds involved in the formation of starch-gluten networks in Y16-S during heating.


Assuntos
Glutens , Calefação , Amilopectina , Farinha , Glutens/química , Amido/metabolismo
19.
Nutrients ; 14(15)2022 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35956351

RESUMO

Increasing hepcidin expression is a vital factor in iron homeostasis imbalance among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Recent studies have elucidated that abnormal serum steroid levels might cause the elevation of hepcidin. Glycochenodeoxycholate (GCDCA), a steroid, is significantly elevated in patients with CKD. However, the correlation between GCDCA and hepcidin has not been elucidated. Decreased serum iron levels and increased hepcidin levels were both detected in patients with CKD in this study. Additionally, the concentrations of GCDCA in nephropathy patients were found to be higher than those in healthy subjects. HepG2 cells were used to investigate the effect of GCDCA on hepcidin in vitro. The results showed that hepcidin expression increased by nearly two-fold against control under 200 µM GCDCA treatment. The phosphorylation of SMAD1/5/8 increased remarkably, while STAT3 and CREBH remained unchanged. GCDCA triggered the expression of farnesoid X receptor (FXR), followed with the transcription and expression of both BMP6 and ALK3 (upward regulators of SMAD1/5/8). Thus, GCDCA is a potential regulator for hepcidin, which possibly acts by triggering FXR and the BMP6/ALK3-SMAD signaling pathway. Furthermore, 40 C57/BL6 mice were treated with 100 mg/kg/d, 200 mg/kg/d, and 300 mg/kg/d GCDCA to investigate its effect on hepcidin in vivo. The serum level of hepcidin increased in mice treated with 200 mg/kg/d and 300 mg/kg/d GCDCA, while hemoglobin and serum iron levels decreased. Similarly, the FXR-mediated SMAD signaling pathway was also responsible for activating hepcidin in liver. Overall, it was concluded that GCDCA could induce the expression of hepcidin and reduce serum iron level, in which FXR activation-related SMAD signaling was the main target for GCDCA. Thus, abnormal GCDCA level indicates a potential risk of iron homeostasis imbalance.


Assuntos
Hepcidinas , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Animais , Ácido Glicoquenodesoxicólico , Hepcidinas/genética , Hepcidinas/metabolismo , Homeostase , Humanos , Ferro , Camundongos
20.
Plants (Basel) ; 11(15)2022 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35956447

RESUMO

With global climate change, waterlogging stress is becoming more frequent. Waterlogging stress inhibits root growth and physiological metabolism, which ultimately leads to yield loss in wheat. Waterlogging priming has been proven to effectively enhance waterlogging tolerance in wheat. However, it is not known whether waterlogging priming can improve the offspring's waterlogging resistance. Here, wheat seeds that applied waterlogging priming for one generation, two generations and three generations are separately used to test the hypoxia stress tolerance in wheat, and the physiological mechanisms are evaluated. Results found that progeny of primed plants showed higher plant biomass by enhancing the net photosynthetic rate and antioxidant enzyme activity. Consequently, more sugars are transported to roots, providing a metabolic substrate for anaerobic respiration and producing more ATP to maintain the root growth in the progeny of primed plants compared with non-primed plants. Furthermore, primed plants' offspring promote ethylene biosynthesis and further induce the formation of a higher rate of aerenchyma in roots. This study provides a theoretical basis for improving the waterlogging tolerance of wheat.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...