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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4265-4273, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467741

RESUMO

To systematically evaluate the efficiency and safety of Tanreqing Injection in the treatment of stroke-associated pneumonia(SAP). Seven domestic and foreign databases(CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase) were retrieved from the establishment to July 2020. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, randomized controlled trial of the effect of Tanreqing Injection in the treatment of SAP was selected. NoteExpress software was used to screen out literatures. RevMan 5.4 software was used for data analysis. GRADE system was used to evaluate the evidence quality of the outcome indicators. A total of 1 755 cases in 21 studies were retrieved, including 879 cases in experimental group and 876 cases in control group. In general, the quality of stu-dies received was not high. According to Meta-analysis,(1) in terms of shortening the length of hospital stay, Tanreqing Injection combined with conventional western medicine was better than conventional western medicine(MD=-4.04, 95%CI[-4.43,-3.65], P<0.000 01);(2) in terms of increasing effective rate, Tanreqing Injection combined with conventional western medicine was better than conventional western medicine(RR=1.22, 95%CI[1.17, 1.27], P<0.000 01);(3) in terms of reducing inflammation indicators, Tanreqing Injection combined with conventional western medicine was better than conventional western medicine(MD_(CRP)=-10.75, 95%CI[-15.61,-5.88], P<0.000 01; MD_(WBC count)=-1.62, 95%CI[-2.55,-0.69], P=0.000 6; MD_(PCT)=-0.58, 95%CI[-0.89,-0.26], P=0.000 3];(4) in terms of improving symptoms and signs, Tanreqing Injection combined with conventional wes-tern medicine was better than conventional western medicine(MD_(cough)=-2.73, 95%CI[-4.93,-0.53], P=0.02; MD_(antipyretic)=-1.07, 95%CI[-1.17,-0.98), P<0.000 01];(5) in terms of decreasing the NIHSS scores, Tanreqing Injection combined with conventional western medicine was better than conventional western medicine(MD=-3.02, 95%CI[-4.91,-1.13], P=0.002);(6) in terms of adverse reactions, there was no statistically significant difference between Tanreqing Injection combined with conventio-nal western medicine compared with conventional western medicine treatment(RR=1.19, 95%CI[0.61,2.29], P=0.61). GRADE system showed that the evidence levels of above outcome indicators were low and extremely low. The results proved that Tanreqing Injection combined with conventional western medicine had a good advantage in the treatment of SAP, with better observation indicators better than western medicine conventional treatment, and no increase in the incidence of adverse reactions. However, this study had certain limitations. The overall quality of the included studies was low, which affected the reliability of the results. Therefore, the conclusions of this study shall be used cautiously.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Pneumonia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Pneumonia/tratamento farmacológico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(9): 2356-2362, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34047141

RESUMO

Drug combination is a common clinical phenomenon. However, the scientific implementation of drug combination is li-mited by the weak rational evaluation that reflects its clinical characteristics. In order to break through the limitations of existing evaluation tools, examining drug-to-drug and drug-to-target action characteristics is proposed from the physical, chemical and biological perspectives, combining clinical multicenter case resources, domestic and international drug interaction public facilities with the aim of discovering the common rules of drug combination. Machine learning technology is employed to build a system for evaluating and predicting the rationality of clinical drug combinations based on "drug characteristics-repository information-artificial intelligence" strategy, which will be debugged and validated in multi-center clinical practice, with a view to providing new ideas and technical references for the safety and efficacy of clinical drug use.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Aprendizado de Máquina , Combinação de Medicamentos , Tecnologia
3.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 140: 111655, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34029955

RESUMO

The underlying mechanism of electroacupuncture (EA) in relieving obesity, anti-inflammation and the interaction with metabolic pathways in obese mice has not been elaborated. The aim of this study was to investigate the regulation of EA on macrophage polarization in obesity tissue of diet-induced obesity mice. Mice were divided in 6 groups: normal control group, model group, EA-7 group, EA-14 group, EA-21 group and EA-28 group. Low-frequency EA was applied at "Tianshu (ST 25)", "Guanyuan (CV 4)", "Zusanli (ST 36)" and "Sanyinjiao (SP 6)" for 10 min. Adipose tissue was assessed with hematoxylin and eosin staining. Adipocytokines and pro-inflammatory factors expression was measured by ELISA. The protein and mRNA levels of macrophage markers were examined by immumohistochemical staining and RT-PCR, respectively. EA treatment was associated with a decrease of adipose tissue and large adipocytes, and an increase of small adipocytes. After EA treatment, the levels of Leptin, Chemerin, TNF-α, F4/80, iNOS, and CD11c decreased obviously in adipose tissue, while IL-4, IL-10 and CD206 levels increased significantly. Besides, TNF-α in spleen tissue was also downregulated, but IL-4 and IL-10 were upregulated. EA prevents weight gain through modulation inflammatory response and macrophage polarization in obese adipose tissues.


Assuntos
Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Macrófagos/fisiologia , Pontos de Acupuntura , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo/fisiopatologia , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo/fisiologia , Eletroacupuntura/métodos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Obesos , Obesidade/metabolismo , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Baço/metabolismo , Baço/fisiopatologia , Regulação para Cima/fisiologia
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(6): e23970, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33578514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study will assess the effect of advanced nursing care (ANC) on psychological disorder (PD) in hypertensive retinopathy of pregnancy (HTRP). METHODS: This study will search electronic databases from inception to the present (Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED, PsycINFO, CNKI, and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database), and other sources. All literature sources will be searched without limitations to language and study status. All eligible case-controlled study (CCS) will be included in this study. Two authors will independently carry out literature selection, data collection, and study quality assessment. Any confusion will be solved by a third author through discussion. Statistical analysis will be conducted using RevMan 5.3 software. In addition, a narrative synthesis will be elaborated if it is necessary. RESULTS: This study will summarize most recent high quality evidence to appraise the effect of ANC on PD in HTRP. CONCLUSION: The results of this study will seek to identify the effect of ANC on PD in HTRP among pregnancy population. OSF REGISTRATION: osf.io/hgp93.


Assuntos
Retinopatia Hipertensiva/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/enfermagem , Cuidados de Enfermagem/métodos , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Gerenciamento de Dados , Feminino , Humanos , Retinopatia Hipertensiva/complicações , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Projetos de Pesquisa
6.
Bone ; 142: 115778, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33253932

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Modelling and remodelling adapt bone morphology to accommodate strains commonly encountered during loading. If strains exceed a threshold threatening fracture, modelling-based bone formation increases bone volume reducing these strains. If unloading reduces strains below a threshold that inhibits resorption, increased remodelling-based bone resorption reduces bone volume restoring strains, but at the price of compromised bone volume and microstructure. As weight-bearing regions are adapted to greater strains, we hypothesized that microstructural deterioration will be more severe than at regions commonly adapted to low strains following spinal cord injury. METHODS: We quantified distal tibial, fibula and radius volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) using high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography in 31 men, mean age 43.5 years (range 23.5-75.0), 12 with tetraplegia and 19 with paraplegia of 0.7 to 18.6 years duration, and 102 healthy age- and sex-matched controls. Differences in morphology relative to controls were expressed as standardized deviation (SD) scores (mean ± SD). Standardized between-region differences in vBMD were expressed as SDs (95% confidence intervals, CI). RESULTS: Relative to controls, men with tetraplegia had deficits in total vBMD of -1.72 ± 1.38 SD at the distal tibia (p < 0.001) and - 0.68 ± 0.69 SD at distal fibula (p = 0.041), but not at the distal radius, despite paralysis. Deficits in men with paraplegia were -2.14 ± 1.50 SD (p < 0.001) at the distal tibia and -0.83 ± 0.98 SD (p = 0.005) at the distal fibula while distal radial total vBMD was 0.23 ± 1.02 (p = 0.371), not significantly increased, despite upper limb mobility. Comparing regions, in men with tetraplegia, distal tibial total vBMD was 1.04 SD (95%CI 0.07, 2.01) lower than at the distal fibula (p = 0.037) and 1.51 SD (95%CI 0.45, 2.57) lower than at the distal radius (p = 0.007); the latter two sites did not differ from each other. Results were similar in men with paraplegia, but total vBMD at the distal fibula was 1.06 SD (95%CI 0.35, 1.77) lower than at the distal radius (p = 0.004). CONCLUSION: Microarchitectural deterioration following spinal cord injury is heterogeneous, perhaps partly because strain thresholds regulating the cellular activity of mechano-transduction are region specific.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Adulto , Idoso , Densidade Óssea , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Rádio (Anatomia) , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/complicações , Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
7.
Peptides ; 134: 170407, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32926948

RESUMO

The present study was undertaken to further investigate the spinal anti-allodynic effects of endomorphins (EMs) and their C-terminal hydrazide modified analogs EM-1-NHNH2 and EM-2-NHNH2 in the spared nerve injury (SNI) model of neuropathic pain in mice. Our results demonstrated that intrathecal (i.t.) administration of endomorphin-1 (EM-1), endomorphin-2 (EM-2), EM-1-NHNH2 and EM-2-NHNH2 produced potent anti-allodynic effects ipsilaterally in neuropathic pain model. Judging from the area under the curve (AUC) values, these two analogs exhibited higher antinociception than their parent peptides. Moreover, they also displayed significant antinociceptive effects in the contralateral paw administered intrathecally. Interestingly, EM-1 and its analog EM-1-NHNH2 displayed their antinociception probably by µ2-opioid receptor subtype since the µ1-opioid receptor antagonist naloxonazine didn't significantly block the anti-allodynia of EM-1 and EM-1-NHNH2, which implied a same opioid mechanism. However, the anti-allodynia induced by EM-2, but not EM-2-NHNH2 was significantly reduced by both µ1-opioid antagonist, naloxonazine and κ-antagonist, nor-binaltorphamine (nor-BNI), indicating multiple opioid receptors were involved in the anti-allodynic effects of EM-2. Most importantly, EM-1-NHNH2 decreased the antinociceptive tolerance, and EM-2-NHNH2 displayed non-tolerance-forming antinociception. Therefore, C-terminal amide to hydrazide conversion changed the spinal antinociceptive profiles of EMs in neuropathic pain. The present investigation is of great value in the development of novel opioid therapeutics against neuropathic pain.

8.
J Exp Bot ; 71(19): 5837-5851, 2020 10 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32969475

RESUMO

Signaling by the phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) involves pre-mRNA splicing, a key process of post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. However, the regulatory mechanism of alternative pre-mRNA splicing in ABA signaling remains largely unknown. We previously identified a pentatricopeptide repeat protein SOAR1 (suppressor of the ABAR-overexpressor 1) as a crucial player downstream of ABAR (putative ABA receptor) in ABA signaling. In this study, we identified a SOAR1 interaction partner USB1, which is an exoribonuclease catalyzing U6 production for spliceosome assembly. We reveal that together USB1 and SOAR1 negatively regulate ABA signaling in early seedling development. USB1 and SOAR1 are both required for the splicing of transcripts of numerous genes, including those involved in ABA signaling pathways, suggesting that USB1 and SOAR1 collaborate to regulate ABA signaling by affecting spliceosome assembly. These findings provide important new insights into the mechanistic control of alternative pre-mRNA splicing in the regulation of ABA-mediated plant responses to environmental cues.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis , Ácido Abscísico , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Exorribonucleases/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas
9.
Hum Immunol ; 81(12): 685-691, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32693929

RESUMO

The Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) genes, playing key roles in mediating the immune response, especially HLA class II alleles were suggested to play a role in the activation of autoreactive T-cells in aplastic anemia (AA). Previous studies in different ethnic groups have indicated that some of HLA-A,-B,-DRB1 alleles had a protective or susceptive association with the prevalence, pathogenesis and development of AA. HLA class II genes, especially HLA-DQB1 and -DPB1 alleles or haplotypes at high-resolution level associated with AA have not been fully identified in northern Chinese Han populations. The aim of this study was to identify association of the variations in HLA class II region with AA in northern Chinese Han population. A recent case-control study, including 96 AA patients and 824 healthy controls was performed. The high-resolution HLA genotyping was conducted by PCR-SBT, -SSO and NGS-ION S5TM platform. Based on genotypic data of the three loci, haplotype estimation was carried out. HLA-DRB1*15:01 (Pc = 2.87 × 10-3; OR = 2.11, 95% CI = 1.45-3.07) and HLA-DQB1*06:02 (Pc = 1.86 × 10-2; OR = 2.01, 95% CI = 1.32-3.06) were the risk and predisposition alleles to AA in northern Chinese Han after considering multiple testing. Moreover, the HLA-DRB1*15:01-DQB1*06:02 (Pc = 4.90 × 10-3; OR = 2.09, 95% CI = 1.37-3.19) and HLA-DRB1*14:05-DQB1*05:03 (Pc = 2.65 × 10-2; OR = 2.82, 95%CI = 1.45-5.50) haplotypes had direct strong relevance to AA and were the susceptible haplotypes. HLA-DPB1 alleles and 23 polymorphic amino acid residues spanning exon 2 ~ 4 of DPß1 molecules have showed no statistically significant associations between AA and controls. The present findings establish a novel link between inherited HLA-DRB1,-DQB1,-DPB1 risk alleles and haplotypes in northern Chinese Han with AA, and open new avenues for development of targeted therapies to prevent or redirect immunopathology in AA.

10.
Bioorg Chem ; 99: 103833, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32305694

RESUMO

Two novel water-soluble pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine derivatives, 5-chloro-7-(4-methyl-piperazin -1-yl)-pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine (CMPS) and N'-(5-chloro-pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidin-7-yl)-N,N-dimethyl -propane-1,3-diamine (NCPS), were synthesized and characterized with antibacterial activity. Then, the interactions of these compounds with bovine serum albumin (BSA) were studied by fluorescence, time-resolved fluorescence, circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy and molecular docking. The results indicate that both CMPS and NCPS could effectively quench the intrinsic fluorescence of BSA via a static quenching process. The energy transfer from BSA to CMPS and NCPS may occur with high probability. Both CMPS and NCPS bind in the site I of BSA. The hydrophobic force and hydrogen bonds play major roles in the complex formation. Binding constants for both systems show that the affinity of CMPS binding to BSA is stronger than that of NCPS. The results of three-dimensional fluorescence and CD spectra reveal that the binding of CMPS and NCPS to BSA can induce conformational changes of BSA, and the influence of CMPS is slightly stronger than that of NCPS.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Soroalbumina Bovina/química , Animais , Antibacterianos/síntese química , Antibacterianos/química , Bovinos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Pirazóis/síntese química , Pirazóis/química , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Pirimidinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
11.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 11(1): 24, 2020 01 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931878

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a population of pluripotent cells that might be used for treatment of liver disease. However, the efficacy of MSCs for mice with alcoholic hepatitis (AH) and its underlying mechanism remains unclear. METHODS: MSCs were isolated from the bone marrow (BM) of 4-6-week-old male C57BL/6 N mice. AH was induced in female mice by chronic-binge ethanol feeding for 10 days. The mice were given intraperitoneal injections of MSCs with or without transfection or AG490, recombinant mouse tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-stimulated gene/protein 6 (rmTSG-6), or saline at day 10. Blood samples and hepatic tissues were collected at day 11. Various assays such as biochemistry, histology, and flow cytometry were performed. RESULTS: MSCs reduced AH in mice, decreasing liver/body weight ratio, liver injury, blood and hepatic lipids, malondialdehyde, interleukin (IL)-6, and TNF-ɑ, but increasing glutathione, IL-10, and TSG-6, compared to control mice. Few MSCs engrafted into the inflamed liver. Knockdown of TSG-6 in MSCs significantly attenuated their effects, and injection of rmTSG-6 achieved similar effects to MSCs. The signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) was activated in mice with AH, and MSCs and rmTSG-6 inhibited the STAT3 activation. Injection of MSCs plus AG490 obtained more alleviation of liver injury than MSCs alone. CONCLUSIONS: BM-MSCs injected into mice with AH do not engraft the liver, but they secrete TSG-6 to reduce liver injury and to inhibit STAT3 activation.


Assuntos
Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/terapia , Etanol/efeitos adversos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Camundongos
12.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 34(3): e23078, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907994

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Different from the diagnosis of bacterial infections, Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) is still lacking of convenient non-specific laboratory parameters. METHOD: A total of 125 children with MPP were included in the MPP group and 89 children with Mycoplasma-negative pneumonia were included in the control group, and the sera were collected from the children at both the acute and recovery stages in the two groups. RESULTS: The sialic acid and C3 in the MPP group were significantly higher than those in the control group both at the acute and at the recovery stage. On the other hand, the sialic acid and C3 at the acute stage were significantly higher than those at the recovery stage in the MPP group. However, in the control group, the sialic acid and C3 demonstrated IgG exhibited no significant change between the acute stage and the recovery stage. Lastly, positive correlations between sialic acid level and C3 level were identified in the MPP group at both acute and recovery stages. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that the serum sialic acid correlated with C3 specifically increased in children with MPP, indicating that it might be the important non-specific parameters in the diagnosis of MPP.


Assuntos
Complemento C3/metabolismo , Mycoplasma pneumoniae/fisiologia , Ácido N-Acetilneuramínico/sangue , Pneumonia por Mycoplasma/sangue , Pneumonia por Mycoplasma/microbiologia , Adolescente , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Complemento C4/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Lactente , Masculino
13.
Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 48(4): 486-499, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inherited retinal dystrophy (IRD) is a group of irreversible retinal degenerative disorders with significant genotypic and phenotypic heterogeneity, which cause difficulty in making a precise clinical diagnosis. Furthermore, the mutation spectrum of IRD in Taiwan remains unknown. Therefore, our study focused on investigating the spectrum of mutations among Taiwanese families with IRD using targeted exome sequencing (TES) technology. METHODS: We recruited a total of 60 unrelated Taiwanese families with IRD; most of them were retinitis pigmentosa. We employed TES to investigate 284 candidate genes. Bioinformatics analysis, Sanger sequencing-based co-segregation testing, and computational assessment were performed to validate each mutation and its pathogenicity. The genotype-phenotype correlation was analysed in all patients with mutations defined in the guidelines provided by the American College of Medical Genetics. RESULTS: We successfully identified genetic causes in 32 families (detection rate of 53.3%). Among them, 16 had a sporadic inheritance (16/36, 44.4%); eight had an autosomal recessive inheritance (8/14, 57.1%); four had an autosomal dominant inheritance (4/5, 80%); four had an X-linked inheritance (4/5, 80%). Among 38 pathological mutations in 19 known genes, 20 mutations are reported here for the first time. Novel mutation spectrum and genotype-phenotype correlations were revealed as well. CONCLUSION: Here we achieved a detection rate of 53.3% and elucidated the mutation spectrum in Taiwanese families with IRD for the first time. The results indicated that CYP4V2 and USH2A might be the most common pathogenic genes in IRD patients in Taiwan.

14.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 61: 104815, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710999

RESUMO

Zinc tungstate (ZnWO4) was previously used as a photocatalyst. In this paper, for the first time as an sonocatalyst, the performance of ZnWO4 for sonocatalytic degradation of meloxicam (MEL) under ultrasonic irradiation were studied. Firstly, ZnWO4 nanomaterials were synthesized at different acidity (pH = 5, 6, 7, 8, 9) via the hydrothermal method. Utilizing SEM, XRD and EDS techniques to characterize composition and morphology of each product, the same crystal forms, but different morphologies (nano-sheet, nano-microspheres or nano-rod) of ZnWO4 could be obtained. Secondly, the sonocatalytic activities of ZnWO4 on degradation of MEL were studied. It was found that the degradation ratio varied with the synthetic pH values, with ZnWO4 under synthetic pH = 6 exhibiting the best sonocatalytic performance (75.7%). Whilebeing synthesized at this pH value, ZnWO4nano-microspheres had the largest BET surface area (27.068 m2/g), the smallest particle size (40-60 nm) so as to provide more active sites on its surface, which were able to produce more reactive oxygen species (ROS) and holes under ultrasonic irradiation. These ROS and holes had a positive effect on the degradation of MEL into CO2, H2O and inorganic. Thirdly, various influential factors including ultrasonic power intensity, ultrasonic time, catalyst addition dosage, initial concentration of MEL solution and reusability of catalyst were also explored. Under the condition of 10 mg/L MEL concentration, 20 mg catalyst dosage, 120 min irradiation time, 0.278 W/cm2 ultrasonic power intensity, the degradation ratio on MEL reached 75.7%. Finally, the presence of hydroxyl radical (OH) and singlet molecular oxygen (1O2) in the reaction was confirmed by adding ROS scavenger. The experimental results suggested that ZnWO4 nanoparticle could be used not only as an effective photocatalyst, but also, under the condition of ultrasonic irradiation, a promising sonocatalyst for degradation of organic pollutants in aqueous media.

15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(47): e17906, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31764789

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Femtosecond laser (FL) is an effective method to treat patients with myopia, but its relative efficacy and safety is still unclear. Thus, this study will be conducted to assess the efficacy and safety of FL for myopia systematically. METHODS: This study will systematically retrieve the following electronic databases up to the present: Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Wanfang, VIP, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. All electronic databases will be searched without any limitations of language and publication status. RevMan 5.3 software will be utilized for statistical analysis. RESULTS: We will summarize the targeted results evaluating the efficacy and safety of FL for patients with myopia. CONCLUSIONS: This study will provide a comprehensive evidence summary on FL for patients with myopia.PROSPERO registration number: PROSPERO CRD42019148659.


Assuntos
Terapia a Laser/métodos , Miopia/cirurgia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(40): e17429, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577759

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal timing of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in patients with mild acute gallstone pancreatitis (MAGP) is controversial. The aim of this study was to systematically evaluate and compare the safety and efficacy of early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (ELC) and delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy (DLC) in patients with MAGP. METHODS: A strict search was conducted of the electronic databases, including PubMed, MEDLINE Embase, the ISI Web of Science, and Cochrane Library for all relevant English literature and RevMan5.3 software for statistical analysis was used. RESULTS: A total of 19 studies comprising 2639 patients were included. There was no significant difference in intraoperative complications [risk ratio (RR) = 1.46; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.88-2.41; P = .14)], postoperative complications (RR = 0.81; 95% CI = 0.58-1.14; P = .23), rate of conversion to open cholecystectomy (RR = 1.00; 95% CI = 0.75-1.33; P = .99), operative time (MD = 1.60; 95% CI = -1.36-4.56; P = .29), and rate of readmission (RR = 0.63; 95% CI = 0.19-2.10; P = .45) between the ELC and DLC groups. However, the ELC group was significantly correlated with lower length of hospital stay (MD = -2.01; 95% CI = -3.15 to -0.87; P = .0006), fewer gallstone-related events rates (RR = 0.17; 95% CI = 0.07-0.44; P = .0003), and lower endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) usage (RR = 0.83; 95% CI = 0.71-0.97; P = .02) compared with the DLC group. CONCLUSION: Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy is safe and effective for patients with MAGP, but the indications and contraindications must be strictly controlled.


Assuntos
Colecistectomia Laparoscópica , Cálculos Biliares/cirurgia , Pancreatite/cirurgia , Tempo para o Tratamento , Cálculos Biliares/complicações , Humanos , Pancreatite/etiologia
17.
Bone ; 128: 115039, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437567

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Appendicular fractures are less common in Chinese than Caucasian women. Bone mineral density (BMD) is lower, not higher than in Caucasians because Chinese have smaller appendicular dimensions than Caucasians. However, smaller bones may offset the liability to fracture by being assembled with a more robust microstructure. We hypothesized that Chinese assemble an appendicular skeleton with a thicker, less porous and more mineralized cortex that is less deteriorated in advanced age than in Caucasians. METHODS: We compared anthropometry in 477 Chinese and 278 Caucasian women and compared bone microstructure using high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography in another cohort of 186 Chinese and 381 Caucasian women aged 18 to 86 years, all living in Melbourne, Australia. Trabecular plate (p) and rod (r) bone volume/total volume (BV/TV) were quantified using individual trabecula segmentation (ITS). Bone strength was estimated using micro-finite element analysis (µFEA). RESULTS: Premenopausal Chinese were shorter than Caucasian women, mainly due to shorter leg length. Distal radial total cross sectional area (CSA) was 14.8% smaller (p < 0.001). After adjusting for age and total CSA, Chinese had similar cortical and medullary areas but 0.30 SD lower cortical porosity and 0.27 SD higher matrix mineral density (both p < 0.05). Trabecular plate-to-rod ratio was 0.55 SD higher due to a 0.41 SD higher pBV/TV and 0.36 SD lower rBV/TV (p ranging 0.001 to 0.023). Chinese also had 0.36 SD greater whole bone stiffness and 0.36 SD greater failure load than Caucasians (both p < 0.05). After adjusting for age and total CSA, postmenopausal Chinese had 3.3% smaller cortical area, medullary area was 2.1% larger, cortical porosity was no lower, matrix mineral density and pBV/TV were no higher compared with Caucasians at the distal radius. Whole bone stiffness was 0.39 SD lower and failure load was 0.40 SD lower in Chinese (both p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Chinese build a more robust skeleton than Caucasians during growth, an advantage not observed in advanced age due to greater bone loss or race-specific secular trends in bone morphology.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea/fisiologia , Absorciometria de Fóton , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antropometria , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Feminino , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Fraturas Ósseas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pós-Menopausa , Pré-Menopausa/fisiologia , Racismo , Adulto Jovem
18.
Virol J ; 16(1): 90, 2019 07 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31319897

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nelson Bay orthoreovirus (NBV) was first isolated over 40 years ago from a fruit bat in Australia. Normally, NBV does not cause human diseases, but recently several NBV strains have been associated with human respiratory tract infections, thus attracting clinical attention. Autophagy, an evolutionarily conserved process in eukaryotic cells, degrades intracellular substrates, participates in multiple physiological processes, and maintains cellular homeostasis. In addition, autophagy is intimately involved in viral infection. METHODS: A new strain of NBV, isolated from a patient with a respiratory tract infection who returned to Japan from Bali, Indonesia, in 2007, was used in this study. NBV was rescued using a reverse genetics system involving cotransfection of BHK cells with 11 plasmids (pT7-L1 MB, pT7-L2 MB, pT7-L3 MB, pT7-M1 MB, pT7-M2 MB, pT7-M3 MB, pT7-S1 MB, pT7-S2 MB, pT7-S3 MB, pT7-S4 MB, and pcDNA3.1-T7), yielding NBV-MB. Recovered viruses were confirmed by immunofluorescence. The effect of NBV-MB on autophagy was evaluated by measuring the LC3-I/II proteins by immunoblot analysis after infection of BHK cells. Furthermore, after treatment with rapamycin (RAPA), 3-methyladenine (3-MA), chloroquine (CQ), or plasmid (GFP-LC3) transfection, the changes in expression of the LC3 gene and the amount of LC3-I/II protein were examined. In addition, variations in viral titer were assayed after treatment of BHK cells with drugs or after transfection with plasmids pCAGM3 and pCAGS3, which encode virus nonstructural proteins µNS and σNS, respectively. RESULTS: NBV-MB infection induced autophagy in host cells; however, the level of induction was dependent on viral replication. Induction of autophagy increased viral replication. By contrast, inhibiting autophagy suppressed NBV replication, albeit not significantly. The NBV-MB nonstructural protein µNS was involved in the induction of autophagy with viral infection. CONCLUSIONS: NBV-MB infection triggered autophagy. Also, the NBV nonstructural protein µNS may contribute to augmentation of autophagy upon viral infection.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Interações entre Hospedeiro e Microrganismos , Orthoreovirus/fisiologia , Replicação Viral , Linhagem Celular , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Infecções por Reoviridae/virologia , Genética Reversa , Carga Viral , Proteínas Virais/genética
19.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(3): 950-957, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31204960

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the dynamic changes of hematopoietic reconstitution and multiple lineages differentiation at early phase after transplantation. METHODS: Whole bone marrow mononuclear cells (wBMMNC, 5×106) and enriched c-Kit+ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPC, 3×105) from the BM of B6-Ly5.1 mice were transplanted into lethally irradiated B6-Ly5.2 mice, the frequencies and absolute numbers of donor-derived cells (including LKS- and LKS+) were detected by flow cytometry. The multiple lineages differentiation of donor-derived cells was also monitored by flow cytometry. The homing and early phase proliferations of donor-derived cells were observed by two-photon microscope. RESULTS: The donor-derived cells started to proliferation from 5-7 days after transplantation and reached the peak value at 2-3 weeks after wBMMNC transplantation. The donor-derived cells proliferated from 1-2 weeks and maintained until 4 weeks after c-kit+HSPC transplantation. At 1 week after transplantation, the donor-derived cells mainly differentiated into myeloid cells with a few lymphoid cells production (B cells) but the production of T cells was not observed at most in wBMMNC transplanted group, while myeloid cells occupied the majority of donor-derived cells at 2-4 weeks; donor-derived cells almost totally differentiated into myeloid cells at 1-3 weeks after transplantation in c-Kit+ transplanted group and donor-derived B cells appeared at 4 weeks. The absolute number of donor-derived LKS- and LKS+ cells in the BM of c-Kit+ transplanted group were much higher than that of wBMMNC group (P<0.001) at 2 weeks respectively. The clustering proliferation of cKit+ cells at 4-5 days after transplantation was observed by two photon microscope. CONCLUSION: The dynamical rate of proliferation and reconstitution of donor-derived cells are much earlier and quicker in c-Kit+ group than those of wBMMNC group. c-Kit+ cells mainly differentiate into myeloid cells within 1-3 weeks and the lymphoid cell differentiation starts at 4 weeks after transplantation. The immediate proliferation and differentiation of c-Kit+ cells within 1 week maybe due to the urgent needs of hematopoietic regeneration under the myeloablated hosts.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Animais , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
20.
New Phytol ; 223(3): 1388-1406, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31050354

RESUMO

The translation initiation factor eIF4E-binding protein-mediated regulation of protein translation by interfering with assembly of mRNA cap-binding complex eIF4F is well described in mammalian and yeast cells. However, it remains unknown whether a signaling regulator or pathway interacts directly with any translation initiation factor to modulate assembly of eIF4F in plant cells. Here, we report that the two isoforms of Arabidopsis eIF4G, eIFiso4G1 and eIFiso4G2, interact with a cytoplasmic-nuclear dual-localized pentatricopeptide repeat protein SOAR1 to regulate abscisic acid (ABA) signaling. SOAR1 inhibits interactions of eIFiso4E, eIF4Es, eIF4A1, eIF4B2 and poly(A)-binding protein PAB6 with eIFiso4G1 and eIFiso4G2, thereby inhibiting eIFiso4F/mixed eIF4F assembly and repressing translation initiation. SOAR1 binds mRNA of a key ABA-responsive gene ABI5 and cooperates with eIFiso4G1/2 to repress translation of ABI5. The binding of SOAR1 to ABI5 mRNA is likely to inhibit the interaction of SOAR1 with eIFiso4G1/2, suggesting a regulatory loop. Our findings identify a novel translation initiation repressor interfering with cap-binding complex assembly, and establish a link between cap-binding complex assembly and ABA signaling.


Assuntos
Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Fator de Iniciação 4G em Eucariotos/metabolismo , Capuzes de RNA/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Arabidopsis/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Germinação , Fenótipo , Polirribossomos/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Subunidades Proteicas/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Plântula/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Plântula/metabolismo , Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento
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