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1.
Food Chem ; 368: 130902, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34438176

RESUMO

Overcoming harsh gastric environment is still a challenging to bioactive proteins, microencapsulation provides one strategy in designing this protection barrier. In this work, bovine serum albumin and ovalbumin were chosen as model proteins, while polylysine-alginate complex was fabricated for microencapsulation purpose. Both of the protein-loaded microcapsules had regular internal microstructures. The model protein's embedding increased the thermal stability of the microcapsules. Both of the protein-loaded microcapsules had a slow release rate in simulated gastric fluids (pH 3.0), while a sustained release profile in simulated intestinal fluids (pH 6.4), indicating an excellent tolerance to the acidic gastric environment. The microencapsulation process was mild and had no influence on the protein's molecular weight, while a slight peak shifting occurred in the secondary structure of the released proteins. The developed microcapsules could be explored as a kind of vehicle for bioactive proteins applied in functional foods, health care products and medical formulations.


Assuntos
Polilisina , Soroalbumina Bovina , Alginatos , Cápsulas , Ovalbumina
2.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(48)2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34810257

RESUMO

Kinetochores, a protein complex assembled on centromeres, mediate chromosome segregation. In most eukaryotes, centromeres are epigenetically specified by the histone H3 variant CENP-A. CENP-T, an inner kinetochore protein, serves as a platform for the assembly of the outer kinetochore Ndc80 complex during mitosis. How CENP-T is regulated through the cell cycle remains unclear. Ccp1 (counteracter of CENP-A loading protein 1) associates with centromeres during interphase but delocalizes from centromeres during mitosis. Here, we demonstrated that Ccp1 directly interacts with CENP-T. CENP-T is important for the association of Ccp1 with centromeres, whereas CENP-T centromeric localization depends on Mis16, a homolog of human RbAp48/46. We identified a Ccp1-interaction motif (CIM) at the N terminus of CENP-T, which is adjacent to the Ndc80 receptor motif. The CIM domain is required for Ccp1 centromeric localization, and the CIM domain-deleted mutant phenocopies ccp1Δ. The CIM domain can be phosphorylated by CDK1 (cyclin-dependent kinase 1). Phosphorylation of CIM weakens its interaction with Ccp1. Consistent with this, Ccp1 dissociates from centromeres through all stages of the cell cycle in the phosphomimetic mutant of the CIM domain, whereas in the phospho-null mutant of the domain, Ccp1 associates with centromeres during mitosis. We further show that the phospho-null mutant disrupts the positioning of the Ndc80 complex during mitosis, resulting in chromosome missegregation. This work suggests that competitive exclusion between Ccp1 and Ndc80 at the N terminus of CENP-T via phosphorylation ensures precise kinetochore assembly during mitosis and uncovers a previously unrecognized mechanism underlying kinetochore assembly through the cell cycle.

3.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 730441, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34604267

RESUMO

Objective: A considerable part of COVID-19 patients were found to be re-positive in the SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR test after discharge. Early prediction of re-positive COVID-19 cases is of critical importance in determining the isolation period and developing clinical protocols. Materials and Methods: Ninety-one patients discharged from Wanzhou Three Gorges Central Hospital, Chongqing, China, from February 10, 2020 to March 3, 2020 were administered nasopharyngeal swab SARS-CoV-2 tests within 12-14 days, and 50 eligible patients (32 male and 18 female) with completed data were enrolled. Average age was 48 ± 11.5 years. All patients underwent non-enhanced chest CT on admission. A total of 568 radiomics features were extracted from the CT images, and 17 clinical factors were collected based on the medical record. Student's t-test and support vector machine-based recursive feature elimination (SVM-RFE) method were used to determine an optimal subset of features for the discriminative model development. Results: After Student's t-test, 62 radiomics features showed significant inter-group differences (p < 0.05) between the re-positive and negative cases, and none of the clinical features showed significant differences. These significant features were further selected by SVM-RFE algorithm, and a more compact feature subset containing only two radiomics features was finally determined, achieving the best predictive performance with the accuracy and area under the curve of 72.6% and 0.773 for the identification of the re-positive case. Conclusion: The proposed radiomics method has preliminarily shown potential in identifying the re-positive cases among the recovered COVID-19 patients after discharge. More strategies are to be integrated into the current pipeline to improve its precision, and a larger database with multi-clinical enrollment is required to extensively verify its performance.

4.
Spinal Cord ; 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628476

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Experimental animal study. OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of a custom-designed parallel-moving (PM) clip, compared with a single-axle-lever (SAL) clip, for the development of a compressional spinal cord injury (SCI) model in rats. SETTING: Hospital laboratory in China. METHODS: We used a PM clip and a SAL clip with same compression rate, to develop a SCI model in rats, and set a sham group as a blank control. Within 3 weeks, each group of rats was evaluated for behavioral (Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan locomotor rating score, BBB), and electrophysiological changes (somatosensory evoked potential), and historical staining to observe the differences between the three groups. In particular, the mechanical results of the PM group were calculated. RESULTS: The BBB scores for the SAL and PM groups were significantly lower than those for the sham group (P < 0.05), no significant difference between the two methods (P > 0.05), but the values corresponding to the PM group had smaller standard deviations. The interpeak-latency (IPL) was significantly prolonged (P < 0.0001) and the peak-peak amplitude (PPA) was significantly reduced (P < 0.01) in SAL and PM groups than those in the sham group, but there was no statistical difference in both IPL and PPA between the two SCI groups (P > 0.05). Histological staining showed obvious pathological changes in two SCI groups, and the shape of the lesion zone in the PM group was more symmetrical than that in the SAL groups. CONCLUSIONS: The use of a compressional SCI model in rats with the PM clip we designed is an appropriate method to quantify the injury. The degree of the injury caused by this clip is more stable and uniform than those with classical methods.

5.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 749113, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34660748

RESUMO

Cardio-cerebrovascular diseases, as a major cause of health loss all over the world, contribute to an important part of the global burden of disease. A large number of traditional Chinese medicines have been proved effective both clinically and in pharmacological investigations, with the acceleration of the modernization of Chinese medicine. Sinomenine is the main active constituent of sinomenium acutum and has been generally used in therapies of rheumatoid arthritis and neuralgia. Varieties of pharmacological effects of sinomenine in cardio-cerebrovascular system have been discovered recently, suggesting an inspiring application prospect of sinomenine in cardio-cerebrovascular diseases. Sinomenine may retard the progression of atherosclerosis by attenuating endothelial inflammation, regulating immune cells function, and inhibiting the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells. Sinomenine also alleviates chronic cardiac allograft rejection relying on its anti-inflammatory and anti-hyperplastic activities and suppresses autoimmune myocarditis by immunosuppression. Prevention of myocardial or cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by sinomenine is associated with its modulation of cardiomyocyte death, inflammation, calcium overload, and oxidative stress. The regulatory effects on vasodilation and electrophysiology make sinomenine a promising drug to treat hypertension and arrhythmia. Here, in this review, we will illustrate the pharmacological activities of sinomenine in cardio-cerebrovascular system and elaborate the underlying mechanisms, as well as give an overview of the potential therapeutic roles of sinomenine in cardio-cerebrovascular diseases, trying to provide clues and bases for its clinical usage.

7.
Front Oncol ; 11: 689593, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34336675

RESUMO

Background/Objective: We aimed to explore the prognostic value of regression rate (RR) of plasma Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA after induction chemotherapy (IC) in patients with stages II-IVA nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Methods: Eligible patients receiving IC followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy were included. The cut-off value of pre-treatment EBV DNA (pre-IC DNA) and RR were identified by receiver operating curve (ROC). Recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) was applied to create new staging. Harrell's c-index and time-independent ROC were employed to compare different RPA staging. Results: In total, 1,184 patients were included. The cut-off values of pre-IC DNA and RR were 16,200 copies/ml and 95.127% for patients receiving two cycles, and 5,520 copies/ml and 99.994% for those receiving three cycles. Notably, we only focused on patients receiving two cycles of IC. Patients with a RR >95.127% had significantly better 5-year overall survival (OS) than those with a RR ≤95.127% (86.2% vs. 54.3%, P <0.001). Then, RPA1 (pre-IC DNA + TNM staging + RR) and RPA2 (pre-IC DNA + TNM staging + post-IC EBV DNA [post-IC DNA]) staging systems were created. RPA1 staging achieved stronger power in OS prediction than RPA2 staging and TNM staging (c-index: 0.763 [0.714-0.812] vs. 0.735 [0.684-0.786] vs. 0.677 [0.604-0.749]; AUC: 0.736 vs. 0.714 vs. 0.628), indicating that RR had stronger prognostic power than post-IC DNA. Moreover, patients with stages III-IVRPA1 could benefit from high concurrent cumulative platinum dose (≥160 mg/m2). Conclusion: RR in conjunction with current TNM staging could better conduct risk stratification, prognosis prediction and help to guide precise concurrent chemotherapy.

8.
Neural Plast ; 2021: 6151973, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335733

RESUMO

Genetic testing is the gold standard for exploring the etiology of congenital hearing loss. Here, we enrolled 137 Chinese patients with congenital hearing loss to describe the molecular epidemiology by using 127 gene panel testing or 159 variant testing. Sixty-three deaf children received 127 gene panel testing, while seventy-four patients received 159 variant testing. By use of 127 gene panel testing, more mutant genes and variants were identified. The most frequent mutant genes were GJB2, SLC26A4, MYO15A, CDH23, and OTOF. By analyzing the patients who received 127 gene panel testing, we found that 51 deaf children carried variants which were not included in 159 variant testing. Therefore, a large number of patients would be misdiagnosed if only 159 variant testing is used. This study highlights the advantage of 127 gene panel testing, and it suggests that broader genetic testing should be done to identify the genetic etiology of congenital hearing loss.

9.
Cell Cycle ; 20(14): 1389-1401, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34223793

RESUMO

Vascular endothelial dysfunction is associated with the progress of many diseases. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) take part in the dysfunction of vascular endothelium. CircRNA hsa_circ_0008360 (circ_0008360) is dysregulated in high glucose-treated vascular endothelium, while the role and mechanism of circ_0008360 in high glucose-induced dysfunction remain unknown. Human umbilical vascular endothelium cells (HUVEC) were stimulated via high glucose. The abundances of circ_0008360, miR-186-5p and cyclin D2 (CCND2) were examined via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction or western blot. Vascular endothelial dysfunction was assessed via cell viability, apoptosis, migration and tube formation. The target relationship between miR-186-5p and circ_0008360 or CCND2 was analyzed via dual-luciferase reporter, RNA pull-down and RNA immunoprecipitation analyses. Circ_0008360 expression was enhanced in high-glucose-treated HUVEC. Circ_0008360 silence mitigated high glucose-induced suppression of viability, migration, tube formation, and increase in apoptosis in HUVEC. MiR-186-5p was sponged by circ_0008360, and miR-186-5p inhibition reversed the effect of circ_0008360 silence on high glucose-induced vascular endothelial dysfunction. MiR-186-5p alleviated high glucose-induced vascular endothelial dysfunction via targeting CCND2. CCND2 interference abolished the aggravated effect of circ_0008360 on high glucose-induced vascular endothelial dysfunction. Circ_0008360 knockdown attenuated high glucose-induced vascular endothelial dysfunction via regulating miR-186-5p and CCND2, indicating circ_0008360 might act as a target for the treatment of vascular endothelial dysfunction.Abbreviations: circRNAs, circular RNAs; HUVEC, human umbilical vascular endothelium cells; CCND2, cyclin D2; XPNPEP3, X-prolyl aminopeptidase 3; ceRNAs, competing endogenous RNAs; miRNAs, microRNAs; qRT-PCR, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction; RIP, RNA immunoprecipitation; HIF-1α, hypoxia inducible factor 1 alpha; TLR3, toll-like receptor 3; AKAP12, A-Kinase Anchoring Protein 12; ox-LDL, oxidized low-density lipoprotein; HG, high glucose; NG, normal glucose.

10.
Cell Signal ; 87: 110093, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302955

RESUMO

SOX17 has been shown to be involved in the transcriptional regulation of CXCR4, and CXCL12 functions by binding to its receptor CXCR4. Here, we explored the expression of SOX17 in neuroblastoma (NB), its mutual regulation with CXCL12, and its effects on cancer cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Five human NB cell lines and 15 pairs of NB and adjacent tissue specimens were used, to conduct RT-qPCR, immunohistochemistry, western blot, ELISA, CCK-8, colony formation, Edu, transwell, chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), and dual-luciferase assays, to study the role of SOX17 in NB. SOX17 levels were reduced in both NB tissues and cell lines. SOX17 inhibited NB tumor growth, migration and invasion in vivo and suppressed NB cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro. SOX17 knockdown or overexpression revealed a negative correlation between SOX17 and CXCL12/CXCR4 pathway activation. ChIP and dual-luciferase assays in NB cells demonstrated that SOX17 significantly inhibited CXCL12 gene and protein levels by binding to CXCL12 promoter regions. In vivo and in vitro experiments using the CXCR4 antagonist, AMD3100, demonstrated that cell proliferation, migration and invasion were significantly abrogated by AMD3100 in NB cells with SOX17 knocked down. Further, AMD3100 impaired growth of NB tumors with SOX17 knocked down in mice. Importantly, SOX17 bound to the CXCL12 promoter, which then activated downstream targets to regulate cell viability, proliferation, and migration. In conclusion, our data demonstrate that SOX17 expression is repressed in NB tissues and cells, and that SOX17 suppresses NB tumor formation and proliferation through inhibition of CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling.

11.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3428, 2021 06 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34103526

RESUMO

Dysregulated extravillous trophoblast invasion and proliferation are known to increase the risk of recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA); however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Herein, in our retrospective observational case-control study we show that villous samples from RSA patients, compared to healthy controls, display reduced succinate dehydrogenase complex iron sulfur subunit (SDHB) DNA methylation, elevated SDHB expression, and reduced succinate levels, indicating that low succinate levels correlate with RSA. Moreover, we find high succinate levels in early pregnant women are correlated with successful embryo implantation. SDHB promoter methylation recruited MBD1 and excluded c-Fos, inactivating SDHB expression and causing intracellular succinate accumulation which mimicked hypoxia in extravillous trophoblasts cell lines JEG3 and HTR8 via the PHD2-VHL-HIF-1α pathway; however, low succinate levels reversed this effect and increased the risk of abortion in mouse model. This study reveals that abnormal metabolite levels inhibit extravillous trophoblast function and highlights an approach for RSA intervention.


Assuntos
Aborto Habitual/metabolismo , Vilosidades Coriônicas/metabolismo , Ácido Succínico/metabolismo , Aborto Habitual/enzimologia , Aborto Habitual/genética , Animais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Hipóxia Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ilhas de CpG/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Glicólise , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Metaboloma , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Gravidez , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Ligação Proteica , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco , Succinato Desidrogenase/genética , Succinato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética , Trofoblastos/metabolismo , Trofoblastos/patologia
12.
Neural Plast ; 2021: 9957712, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34093702

RESUMO

Congenital deafness is one of the most common causes of disability in humans, and more than half of cases are caused by genetic factors. Mutations of the MYO15A gene are the third most common cause of hereditary hearing loss. Using next-generation sequencing combined with auditory tests, two novel compound heterozygous variants c.2802_2812del/c.5681T>C and c.5681T>C/c.6340G>A in the MYO15A gene were identified in probands from two irrelevant Chinese families. Auditory phenotypes of the probands are consistent with the previously reported for recessive variants in the MYO15A gene. The two novel variants, c.2802_2812del and c.5681T>C, were identified as deleterious mutations by bioinformatics analysis. Our findings extend the MYO15A gene mutation spectrum and provide more information for rapid and precise molecular diagnosis of congenital deafness.

13.
Food Sci Nutr ; 9(6): 2954-2967, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34136163

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered as a severe threat to human health. It has been reported that tea has abundant bioactive compounds and beneficial effects. In our study, the effects of 12 tea extracts on NAFLD were assessed and compared at the dose of 200 mg/kg body weight in mice fed with a high-fat diet (HFD) for 15 weeks. Enshi Yulu Tea, Fenghuang Narcissus Tea, and Yihong Tea showed strong effects in suppressing the accumulation of epididymal and perirenal adipose tissue as well as the increases of body weight and liver weight. The histopathological analysis revealed that hepatic steatosis and adipocyte hypertrophy induced by a HFD could be ameliorated by tea supplementation. In addition, Enshi Yulu Tea and Qing Brick Tea exerted more remarkable functions on decreasing the level of serum triglyceride and preventing hepatic fat accumulation, respectively. Furthermore, Fenghuang Narcissus Tea, Enshi Yulu Tea, and Qing Brick Tea could reverse the abnormal change in the levels of glutathione and superoxide dismutase. Moreover, 13 phytoconstituents were detected and quantified in these teas with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method. The correlation analysis demonstrated that gallic acid might decrease MDA level, and the reduction of liver weight might be attributed to ellagic acid. However, it should be paid attention to some teas that showed hepatotoxicity with elevated levels of aspartate transaminase and alanine aminotransferase. Several teas showed strong effects in the prevention of NAFLD, which could be developed into functional foods against NAFLD.

14.
Semin Dial ; 2021 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34137080

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients are highly threatened in the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, but evidence of risk factors for mortality in this population is still lacking. METHODS: We followed outcomes of the overall MHD population of Wuhan, including 7154 MHD patients from 65 hemodialysis centers, from January 1 to May 4, 2020. Among them, 130 were diagnosed with COVID-19. The demographic and clinical data of them were collected and compared between survivors and nonsurvivors. RESULTS: Compared to the corresponding period of last year, the all-cause mortality rate of the Wuhan MHD population significantly rose in February, and dropped down in March 2020. Of the 130 COVID-19 cases, 51 (39.2%) were deceased. Advanced age, decreased oxygen saturation, low diastolic blood pressure (DBP) on admission, and complications including acute cardiac injury (HR 5.03 [95% CI 2.21-11.14], p < 0.001), cerebrovascular event (HR 2.80 [95% CI 1.14-6.86], p = 0.025) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (HR 3.50 [95% CI 1.63-7.51], p = 0.001) were identified as independent risk factors for the death of COVID-19. The median virus shedding period of survivors was 25 days, longer than the general population. CONCLUSIONS: Maintenance hemodialysis patients are a highly vulnerable population at increased risk of mortality and prolonged virus shedding period in the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Advanced age, decreased oxygen saturation, low DBP on admission, and complications like acute cardiac injury are parameters independently associated with poor prognosis.

15.
Lab Invest ; 101(9): 1142-1152, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34103662

RESUMO

Numerous studies have revealed that hyperglycemia is a pivotal driver of diabetic vascular complications. However, the mechanisms of hyperglycemia-induced endothelial dysfunction in diabetes remain incompletely understood. This study aims to expound on the underlying mechanism of the endothelial dysfunction induced by hyperglycemia from the perspective of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA). In this study, a downregulation of SNHG15 was observed in the ischemic hind limb of diabetic mice and high glucose (HG)-treated HUVECs. Functionally, the overexpression of SNHG15 promoted cell proliferation, migration, and tube formation, and suppressed cell apoptosis in HG-treated HUVECs. Mechanistically, SNHG15 reduced thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) expression by enhancing ITCH-mediated ubiquitination of TXNIP. TXNIP overexpression abrogated the protective effect of lncRNA SNHG15 overexpression on HG-induced endothelial dysfunction. The following experiment further confirmed that SNHG15 overexpression promoted angiogenesis of the ischemic hind limb in diabetic mice. In conclusion, SNHG15 is a novel protector for hyperglycemia-induced endothelial dysfunction via decreasing TXNIP expression.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte , Hiperglicemia/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante , Tiorredoxinas , Ubiquitinação/genética , Animais , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/citologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Tiorredoxinas/genética , Tiorredoxinas/metabolismo
16.
J Integr Neurosci ; 20(1): 67-75, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834692

RESUMO

Overactivation of the PI3-K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway and inhibition of autophagy in the brain are involved in Alzheimer's disease. The present paper's goal was to explore the potential mechanisms of geniposide to protect against Alzheimer's disease. We treated the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line with Aß1-42 as an Alzheimer's disease in vitro model to explore the potential mechanisms of geniposide to protect against Alzheimer's disease. Further, SH-SY5Y cells damaged by Aß1-42 were treated with geniposide. Akt/mTOR-related proteins and autophagy-associated proteins were measured to reveal the molecular mechanisms by which geniposide protects against Aß1-42-induced toxicity. Results showed that Akt and mTOR's geniposide inhibited phosphorylation induced by Aß1-42, enhanced expression of the LC3II/LC3I ratio, and Atg7 and Beclin1 expression and inhibited expression of p62 induced by Aß1-42. Our results lead us to hypothesize that inhibition of the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway and autophagy enhancement are fundamental molecular mechanisms for geniposide to protect against Aß toxicity.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/prevenção & controle , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/toxicidade , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Iridoides/farmacologia , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/toxicidade , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença de Alzheimer/induzido quimicamente , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos
17.
PLoS Pathog ; 17(3): e1009481, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33788895

RESUMO

TcpC is a virulence factor of uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC). It was found that TIR domain of TcpC impedes TLR signaling by direct association with MyD88. It has been a long-standing question whether bacterial pathogens have evolved a mechanism to manipulate MyD88 degradation by ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. Here, we show that TcpC is a MyD88-targeted E3 ubiquitin ligase. Kidney macrophages from mice with pyelonephritis induced by TcpC-secreting UPEC showed significantly decreased MyD88 protein levels. Recombinant TcpC (rTcpC) dose-dependently inhibited protein but not mRNA levels of MyD88 in macrophages. Moreover, rTcpC significantly promoted MyD88 ubiquitination and accumulation in proteasomes in macrophages. Cys12 and Trp106 in TcpC are crucial amino acids in maintaining its E3 activity. Therefore, TcpC blocks TLR signaling pathway by degradation of MyD88 through ubiquitin-proteasome system. Our findings provide not only a novel biochemical mechanism underlying TcpC-medicated immune evasion, but also the first example that bacterial pathogens inhibit MyD88-mediated signaling pathway by virulence factors that function as E3 ubiquitin ligase.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Escherichia coli Uropatogênica/patogenicidade , Fatores de Virulência/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Feminino , Humanos , Evasão da Resposta Imune/fisiologia , Macrófagos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Pielonefrite/imunologia , Pielonefrite/microbiologia , Receptores Toll-Like/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Escherichia coli Uropatogênica/imunologia , Escherichia coli Uropatogênica/metabolismo , Virulência/fisiologia
18.
ACS Omega ; 6(5): 3946-3950, 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33644531

RESUMO

Room-temperature superconductivity has always been an area of intensive research. Recent findings of clathrate metal hydrides structures have opened up the doors for achieving room-temperature superconductivity in these materials. Here, we report first-principles calculations for stable H-rich clathrate structures of uranium hydrides at high pressures. The clathrate uranium hydrides contain H cages with stoichiometries of H24, H29, and H32, in which H atoms are bonded covalently to other H atoms, and U atoms occupy the centers of the cages. Especially, a UH10 clathrate structure containing H32 cages is predicted to have an estimated T c higher than 77 K at high pressures.

19.
Orthop Surg ; 13(3): 1077-1085, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33749136

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to use a gelatin sponge impregnated with dexamethasone, combined with minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) and no drainage tube after the operation for early postoperative recurrence of root pain caused by edema. METHODS: A prospective case series study was designed. From September 2015 to January 2018, eligible patients diagnosed with lumbar degenerative disease underwent MIS-TLIF combined with a gelatin sponge impregnated with dexamethasone and no drainage tube after surgery. The short-term clinical data were collected, such as visual analog scale (VAS) scores for low back pain and leg pain preoperatively and on postoperative days (POD) 1-10, time bedridden postoperatively, and length of hospital stay postoperatively. Long-term indicators include the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) score, and the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) score, evaluated preoperatively and 1 week, 3 months, and more than 1 year postoperatively. RESULTS: Complete clinical data was obtained for 139 patients. All patients were followed up for more than 12 months (13.7 ± 3.3 months). The average bedridden period was 1.5 ± 0.4 days and hospital stays were 2.7 ± 0.9 days. The VAS score of leg and back pain on POD 1-10 were all decreased compared with preoperation (all P < 0.0001). At the last follow up, the VAS scores for back pain and leg pain (0.69 ± 0.47; 1.02 ± 0.55) and the ODI score (11.1 ± 3.5) decreased (all P < 0.0001), and the JOA score (27.1 ± 3.2) and the SF-36 (physical component summary, 50.5 ± 7.3; mental component summary, 49.4 ± 8.9) increased (all P < 0.0001) compared with preoperative values. Patients' early and long-term levels of satisfaction postoperatively were 92.8% and 97.8%, respectively. At POD 7 and the last follow-up, the improvement rate of the JOA score, respectively, was 41.8% ± 10.6% and 87.7% ± 8.2%, and clinical effects assessed as significantly effective according to the improvement rate of the JOA score was 16.5% and 66.9%, respectively. There were 2 (1.4%) cases with complications, including 1 (0.7%) case of wound infection and 1 (0.7%) case of deep vein thrombosis. There were no device-related complications or neurological injuries. CONCLUSION: Use of a gelatin sponge impregnated with dexamethasone combined with MIS-TLIF and no drainage tube after the operation, compared with previous studies, appears to be safe and feasible to reduce recurrent back pain and leg pain after decompression in the treatment of lumbar degenerative disease.


Assuntos
Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Espondilolistese/cirurgia , Animais , Terapia Combinada , Avaliação da Deficiência , Gelatina , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Medição da Dor , Estudos Prospectivos , Tampões de Gaze Cirúrgicos
20.
Int J Cancer ; 149(1): 127-138, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33586134

RESUMO

The population of patients with huge hepatocellular carcinoma (H-HCC diameter > 10.0 cm) is an odd group that is not well adjudicated in the current staging systems, whose prognosis after curative resection varies. We aimed to develop novel models to predict the long-term outcomes of patients with H-HCC without portal vein tumor thrombus after hepatectomy. There were 1076 H-HCC patients enrolled who underwent curative liver resection in five institutions in China. In total, 670 patients were recruited from our center and randomly divided into the training cohort (n = 502) and internal validation (n = 168) cohorts. Additionally, 406 patients selected from other four centers as the external validation cohort. Novel models were constructed based on independent preoperative and postoperative predictors of postsurgical recurrence (PSR) and postsurgical mortality (PSM) determined in multivariable cox regression analysis. The predictive accuracy and discriminative ability of the model were measured using Harrell's concordance index (C index) and calibration curve and compared with five conventional HCC staging systems. PSR model and PSM model were constructed based on tumor number, microscopic vascular invasion, tumor differentiation, preoperative alpha-fetoprotein level, albumin-bilirubin grade, liver segment invasion, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio or platelet-to-neutrophil ratio, and surgical margin or intraoperative blood transfusion. The C-indexes were 0.84 (95% CI, 0.78-0.90) and 0.85 (95% CI, 0.78-0.91) for the PSR and PSM models, respectively, which were substantially higher than those of the five conventional HCC staging systems (0.63-0.75 for PSR; 0.66-0.77 for PSM). The two novel models achieved more accurate prognostic predictions of PSR and PSM for H-HCC patients after curative liver resection.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Hepatectomia/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Modelos Estatísticos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Nomogramas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , China , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
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