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1.
J Therm Biol ; 101: 103097, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34879915

RESUMO

The aphid parasitoid, Aphelinus maculatus Yasnosh, was first documented in China in 2016. It is important to make clear of the effects of temperatures on the development of this aphid parasitoid for the future using as a aphid biological control agent. So the thermal requirements, lower developmental threshold (t), thermal constant (K), upper developmental threshold (Tm) and optimum developmental temperature (To) for the egg-mummy, mummy-adult and egg-adult periods of A. maculatus were established under the laboratory conditions. The studies were conducted at five constant temperatures (13, 18, 23, 28, and 33 °C) and with a 16 L: 8D photoperiod. Lower developmental threshold (t) and thermal constant (K) were estimated by fitting linear model. Upper developmental threshold (Tm) and optimal developmental temperature (To) were estimated by fitting Logan I non-linear model. The results turned out that the lower (t) and the upper developmental thresholds (Tm) for egg-adult period were 5.59 °C and 28.17 °C, respectively. The thermal constants (K) for egg-mummy, mummy-adult, and egg-adult periods were estimated at 121.51, 127.88, and 243.90 degree-days, respectively. The optimal developmental temperature (To) for egg-adult period was 27.45 °C calculated by the model, but the survival rate was only 40.68% at the temperature of 28 °C. The highest survival rate was 74.32% at temperature of 23 °C, implying that A. maculatus preferentially developed at the temperate regions of temperature.

2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(19): 5096-5102, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738406

RESUMO

The present study observed the effect of Guanxin Zhitong Capsules(GXZT) on the lipotoxicity of vascular endothelial cells and investigated the mechanism of GXZT in atherosclerosis treatment. The lipotoxicity model in human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs) was induced by palmitic acid(PA) stimulation. These cells were divided into a normal control group(NC, 15% normal serum), a model group(PA, 0.6 mmol·L~(-1) PA+15% normal serum), a high-dose GXZT group(GXZT-H, 0.6 mmol·L~(-1) PA+15% GXZT-medicated serum), a medium-dose GXZT group(GXZT-M, 0.6 mmol·L~(-1) PA+10% GXZT-medicated serum+5% normal serum) and a low-dose GXZT group(GXZT-L, 0.6 mmol·L~(-1) PA+5% GXZT-medicated serum+10% normal serum). HUVECs were detected for cell viability by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) assay, apoptosis by flow cytometry, mitochondrial membrane potential(MMP) by JC-1 labeled laser scanning confocal microscopy, and total and phosphorylated proteins of p38, ERK1/2, and JNK1/2 in the mitogen-activated protein kinases(MAPK) signaling pathway by Western blot. The phosphorylated level was calcula-ted. Compared with the NC group, the PA group showed decreased cell viability and MMP(P<0.01, P<0.01), elevated apoptosis(P<0.01), and up-regulated phosphorylated levels of p38, ERK1/2, and JNK1/2(P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.01). Compared with the PA group, the GXZT-H, GXZT-M, and GXZT-L groups showed increased cell viability and MMP(P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.01), reduced apoptosis(P<0.01), and down-regulated protein expression and phosphorylated levels of p38, ERK1/2 and JNK1/2 in the MAPK signaling pathway(P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.01). In conclusion, the results suggest that GXZT functions via blocking MAPK signaling pathway to relieve the damage of HUVECs induced by PA.


Assuntos
Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Ácido Palmítico , Apoptose , Cápsulas , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Ácido Palmítico/toxicidade , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/genética , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
3.
Front Oncol ; 11: 705455, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34646764

RESUMO

Background: Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common primary intracranial tumor and originates from the small pool of adult neural stem and progenitor cells (NSPCs). According to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of brain tumors, gliomas are classified into grades I-IV, and GBM is defined as the highest grade (IV). GBM can be disseminated by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), but extracranial metastasis is rare. Additionally, the pathway and mechanism involved remain unclear. Case Presentation: We report a rare case of left temporal lobe GBM with multiple bone metastases and soft tissue metastasis. This 49-year-old right-handed man who was diagnosed with GBM underwent surgery on May 9, 2017, followed by radiochemotherapy in June 2017. On August 13, 2019, local relapse was found. Then, the patient received a second surgery but not radiochemotherapy. In November 2019, the patient was reported to be suffering from low back pain for nearly 1 month. On December 6, 2019, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the thoracolumbar vertebrae and abdominal computed tomography (CT) confirmed metastases on the ninth posterior rib on the right, the third anterior rib on the left, and the T7 and T10 vertebrae and their appendages. CT-guided rib space-occupying puncture biopsy was performed, and GBM was identified by pathology. Conclusion: We should pay attention to extracranial metastasis of GBM. Timely detection and early treatment improve overall quality of patients' life. The extracranial metastasis in this patient may have occurred through the spinal nerve root or intercostal nerve. Further clinical observations are required to clarify the pathway and mechanism involved.

4.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 191: 377-384, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34560149

RESUMO

A strategy by exogenous addition of quorum sensing molecule farnesol to improve the production, antioxidant activity and antitumor activity of extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) of Grifola frondosa by liquid fermentation was proposed in the study. The highest yield of EPS induced by farnesol was 1.25 g/L, which was 150% higher than that of the control. Four polysaccharides including EPS-C-0M, EPS-C-0.2M, EPS-F-0M and EPS-F-0.2M were extracted and purified under the conditions of control and farnesol respectively. The physicochemical properties, antioxidant activities and antitumor activities were studied. Their chemical composition differed in sugar, protein and uronic acid contents, and they were composed of six constituent monosaccharides with different ratios, with the average molecular weights of 1.12 × 103, 1.89 × 103, 1.41 × 103 and 2.02 × 103 kDa, respectively. They presented similar FT-IR spectra, but different surface morphology. Antioxidant experiments showed that they had strong scavenging activities on ABTS+, hydroxyl radical, O2- and DPPH radical. Antitumor experiments showed that they had strong inhibitory effects on human cervical cancer (HeLa) cells and human liver cancer cells (HepG2) cells. Among the four polysaccharides, EPS-F-0.2M showed the highest antioxidant and antitumor activities, indicating that farnesol could regulate the biological activity of EPS by affecting structure and properties. These results demonstrated that appropriate adjustment of culture conditions had potential application in the development of polysaccharides with high antioxidant and antitumor activity. It provided a new strategy to enhance the production and bioactivity of edible and medicinal fungal polysaccharides by using quorum sensing molecules.

5.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1867(12): 166247, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487812

RESUMO

The Sorbin and SH3 domain-containing protein 2 (Sorbs2) is an important component of cardiomyocyte sarcomere. It has been recently reported that loss of Sorbs2 is causally associated with arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy in human. However, the ionic mechanisms leading to cardiac arrhythmogenesis by Sorbs2 deficiency are unknown. In this study, we hypothesized that Sorbs2 plays an important role in regulating cardiac ion channel expression and function. Using electrophysiological and molecular biological approaches, we found that the Sorbs2 knockout (KO) mice progressively developed cardiac structural and electrical remodeling as early as 1 to 2 months of age and died prematurely at 5 to 7 months of age. Electrocardiographic recordings showed that Sorbs2 KO mice had conduction delays, spontaneous ventricular extrasystoles and polymorphic ventricular tachyarrhythmia. Intracellular recordings revealed abnormal action potentials with depolarized resting potential, reduced upstroke velocity, prolonged repolarization, and effective refractory period in the ventricular preparations of Sorbs2 KO mice. Patch clamp experiments demonstrated that Sorbs2 KO mice displayed distinct abnormalities in the expression and function of cardiac ion channels, including those of the voltage-gated Na+ channels, L-type Ca2+ channels, the voltage-gated K+ channels and the inward-rectifier K+ channels. Moreover, Sorbs2 physically interacted with the RNAs and/or proteins of important cardiac ion channels and directly regulated their expression in vitro. Our results indicate that Sorbs2 plays a pivotal role in the regulation of cardiac channel physiology. Loss of Sorbs2 promotes cardiac ion channelopathies and life-threatening arrhythmias.

6.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 62(12): 1, 2021 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473190

RESUMO

Purpose: HIV infection is associated with a variety of ocular surface diseases. Understanding the difference of the ocular microbiota between HIV-infected and healthy individuals as well as the influence of antiretroviral therapy will help to investigate the pathogenesis of these conditions. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on subjects including HIV-negative individuals, untreated HIV-infected individuals, and HIV-infected individuals with antiretroviral therapy. Conjunctival microbiota was assessed by bacterial 16S rRNA sequencing of the samples obtained from the conjunctival swab. Results: The microbial richness in ocular surface was similar in HIV-negative, untreated HIV-positive, and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) subjects. The bacterial compositions were similar in the two HIV infection groups but were significantly different from the HIV-negative group. HAART changed the beta diversity of bacterial community as determined by Shannon index. CD4+ T cell count had no significant influence on the diversity of ocular microbiota in HIV-infected individuals. Conclusions: The data revealed the compositional and structural difference in conjunctival microbial community in subjects with and without HIV infection, indicating that HIV infection or its treatment, may contribute to ocular surface dysbiosis.


Assuntos
Antirretrovirais/uso terapêutico , Terapia Antirretroviral de Alta Atividade/métodos , Bactérias/genética , Túnica Conjuntiva/microbiologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Adulto , Bactérias/metabolismo , Túnica Conjuntiva/patologia , Estudos Transversais , DNA Viral/análise , Feminino , Seguimentos , HIV , Infecções por HIV/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo
7.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 28(46): 65621-65632, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34322814

RESUMO

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), as a class of important environmental pollutants, have received considerable concern due to their widespread existence and biological toxicity. The main purpose of this study was to determine concentrations, spatial distribution, possible sources, and potential health risk of PAHs in urban road dust in Shanghai, China. The concentration of Σ26PAHs ranged from 53.0 to 28,700 ng g-1 in road dust samples from Shanghai, which is at the low to medium level compared with other areas around the world. PAHs with 4-5 rings were predominant components in road dust. The level of PAHs in road dust was significantly higher than those in soil and river sediment in Shanghai. Six possible sources of PAHs were apportioned by PMF model. The contribution of pyrogenic PAHs accounted for 91.3% of the total PAHs in road dusts. The motor vehicular emission, natural gas, and coal combustion were main sources for urban road dust PAHs from Shanghai. Four dibenzopyrene (DBP) isomers were contributed averagely 75% of total TEQBaP concentration. DBalP, BaP, DBaiP, BbF, and DBA were main contributors to total carcinogenic potency, which totally contributed from 69.6 to 91.8% (median 89.1%) to total TEQBaP in urban road dusts of Shanghai. The results of incremental lifetime carcinogenic risk (ILCR) assessment showed that the total risk values exposed to 24 PAHs in road dust were lower than 10-4 at all sampling sites, indicating that exposure to dust-bound PAHs at present level was unlikely to result in high carcinogenic risk for both children and adults in Shanghai.

8.
Front Physiol ; 12: 673950, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34149454

RESUMO

Excessive sympathetic activation plays crucial roles in the pathogenesis of hypertension. Chemical stimulation of renal afferents increases the sympathetic activity and blood pressure in normal rats. This study investigated the excitatory renal reflex (ERR) in the development of hypertension in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). Experiments were performed in the Wistar-Kyoto rat (WKY) and SHR aged at 4, 12, and 24 weeks under anesthesia. Renal infusion of capsaicin was used to stimulate renal afferents, and thus, to induce ERR. The ERR was evaluated by the changes in the contralateral renal sympathetic nerve activity and mean arterial pressure. At the age of 4 weeks, the early stage with a slight or moderate hypertension, the ERR was more enhanced in SHR compared with WKY. The pressor response was greater than the sympathetic activation response in the SHR. At the age of 12 weeks, the development stage with severe hypertension, there was no significant difference in the ERR between the WKY and SHR. At the age of 24 weeks, the later stage of hypertension with long-term several hypertensions, the ERR was more attenuated in the SHR compared with the WKY. On the other hand, the pressor response to sympathetic activation due to the ERR was smaller at the age of 12 and 24 weeks than those at the age of 4 weeks. These results indicate that ERR is enhanced in the early stage of hypertension, and attenuated in the later stage of hypertension in the SHR. Abnormal ERR is involved in the sympathetic activation and the development of hypertension.

9.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(16): 4016-4023, 2021 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34141761

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary anaplastic large cell lymphoma of the lung represents a diagnostic challenge due to diverse manifestations and non-specific radiological findings, particularly in cases that lack extra-pulmonary manifestations and lung biopsy. CASE SUMMARY: A 40-year-old woman presented with a 6-d history of fever, dry coughing, and dyspnea. Her white blood cell count was 20100/mm3 with 90% neutrophils. PaO2 was 60 mmHg and SaO2 was 90% when breathing ambient air. Chest computed tomography (CT) identified a solid nodule, 15 mm in diameter, with a poorly defined boundary in the upper right lung, and several smaller solid nodules throughout both lungs. Pulmonary artery CT and subsequent bedside X-ray showed diffuse patchy shadows throughout both lungs. Repeated cultures of blood samples and alveolar lavage failed to identify any pathogen. Due to the mismatch between clinical and imaging features, we conducted a bone marrow biopsy, and the results showed proliferation along all three lineages but no atypical or malignant cells. The patient received empirical antibacterial, antiviral, and antifungal treatments, as well as corticosteroids. The patient's condition deteriorated rapidly despite treatment. The patient died 6 d after hospitalization due to respiratory failure. Post-mortem lung biopsy failed to show inflammation but identified widespread infiltration of alveolar septum by anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive anaplastic cells. CONCLUSION: ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma could present as a primary pulmonary disease without extra-pulmonary manifestations.

10.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 565: 21-28, 2021 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34090206

RESUMO

Preoperative anxiety is common and often comes with a higher probability of worse recovery. However, the neurological mechanism of the effect of preoperative anxiety on general anesthesia and subsequent awakening remains unknown. In this study, we report an anxious state results in delayed awakening in anxiety model mice from sevoflurane general anesthesia. More profound inhibition of DA neurons in the VTA contributes to delayed awakening. Optogenetic stimulation of VTA DA neurons can reverse the delay. The results indicate that VTA DA neurons may be involved in the delay in awakening from general anesthesia caused by anxiety.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Inalatórios/farmacologia , Ansiedade/tratamento farmacológico , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Sevoflurano/farmacologia , Área Tegmentar Ventral/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
11.
Nanotechnology ; 32(38)2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34116525

RESUMO

In this work, the multilevel resistive random access memories (RRAMs) have been achieved by using the structure of Pt/MoO3/Hf/MoO3/Pt with four stable resistance states. The devices show good retention property of each state (>104s) and large memory window (>104). The simulation and experimental study reveal that the resistive switching mechanism is ascribed to combination of the conductive filament in the stack of MoO3/Hf next to the top electrode and redox reaction at the interface of Hf/MoO3next to bottom electrode. The fitting results of current-voltage characteristics under low sweep voltage indicate that the conduction of HRSs is dominated by the Poole-Frenkel emission and that of LRS is governed by the Ohmic conduction. Based on the RRAM, the tunable high-pass filter (HPF) with configurable filtering characteristics has been realized. The gain-frequency characteristics of the programmable HPF show that the filter has high resolution and wide programming range, demonstrating the viability of the multilevel RRAMs for future spiking neural network and shrinking the programmable filters with low power consumption.

12.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 10(1): 62, 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33962683

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A local coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) case confirmed on June 11, 2020 triggered an outbreak in Beijing, China after 56 consecutive days without a newly confirmed case. Non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) were used to contain the source in Xinfadi (XFD) market. To rapidly control the outbreak, both traditional and newly introduced NPIs including large-scale management of high-risk populations and expanded severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) PCR-based screening in the general population were conducted in Beijing. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of the response to the COVID-19 outbreak in Beijing's XFD market and inform future response efforts of resurgence across regions. METHODS: A modified susceptible-exposed-infectious-recovered (SEIR) model was developed and applied to evaluate a range of different scenarios from the public health perspective. Two outcomes were measured: magnitude of transmission (i.e., number of cases in the outbreak) and endpoint of transmission (i.e., date of containment). The outcomes of scenario evaluations were presented relative to the reality case (i.e., 368 cases in 34 days) with 95% Confidence Interval (CI). RESULTS: Our results indicated that a 3 to 14 day delay in the identification of XFD as the infection source and initiation of NPIs would have caused a 3 to 28-fold increase in total case number (31-77 day delay in containment). A failure to implement the quarantine scheme employed in the XFD outbreak for defined key population would have caused a fivefold greater number of cases (73 day delay in containment). Similarly, failure to implement the quarantine plan executed in the XFD outbreak for close contacts would have caused twofold greater transmission (44 day delay in containment). Finally, failure to implement expanded nucleic acid screening in the general population would have yielded 1.6-fold greater transmission and a 32 day delay to containment. CONCLUSIONS: This study informs new evidence that in form the selection of NPI to use as countermeasures in response to a COVID-19 outbreak and optimal timing of their implementation. The evidence provided by this study should inform responses to future outbreaks of COVID-19 and future infectious disease outbreak preparedness efforts in China and elsewhere.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pequim/epidemiologia , COVID-19/transmissão , Teste para COVID-19 , China/epidemiologia , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , Humanos , Modelos Estatísticos , Pandemias , Quarentena , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação
13.
Food Chem ; 361: 130018, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34023690

RESUMO

Developing and establishing an efficient pre-treatment approach for the precise extraction of nitrated-polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (N-PAHs) from real-life samples is critical for ensuring their safety. In this study, a novel crystalline magnetic covalent organic framework with a grapevine structure not a single core-shell, Fe3O4@TAPT-DMTA-COF, was fabricated via chemical bonding. Unchanging the reticulated structure and high crystallinity of TAPT-DMTA-COF, the combination made this material possess not only simple operation via magnetic decantation but also remarkable chemical stability. Fe3O4@TAPT-DMTA-COF had a large surface area (1578.45 m2/g), and rich electronegative triazine-groups, which makes it become a superior magnetic enrichment material for trace N-PAHs. For N-PAHs analysis, low limits of detection (LODs) (1.43-17.24 ng/L), excellent relative standard deviations (RSDs ≤ 11.52%), and wide linearity (10-5000 ng/L) were obtained. Real-life applications based on this composite have been successfully explored by capturing the N-PAHs emitted from food and environmental samples.


Assuntos
Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Café/química , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Análise de Alimentos/instrumentação , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Limite de Detecção , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Produtos da Carne/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/química , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/isolamento & purificação , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Extração em Fase Sólida/instrumentação , Triazinas/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
14.
Curr Med Sci ; 41(2): 189-198, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33877535

RESUMO

The etiology for the high tumor mortality in heavy polluted Yinghe river basin is still unclear and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) belong to the priority pollutants in water based on the former surveillance data. In order to explore the potential genotoxicants contributing to the double-endpoint genotoxicity of polluted drinking water source, 12 groundwater and 3 surface water samples were collected from 3 villages and the nearby rivers alongside Yinghe river basin, respectively and their comprehensive genotoxicity was estimated with a bioassay group of SOS/umu test and micronucleus (MN) test (MNT). Some groundwater samples showed positive genotoxicity and all surface water samples were highly genotoxic. Eight groundwater samples showed DNA genotoxic effect with the average 4-NQO equivalent concentration (TEQ(4-NQO)) of 0.067 µg/L and 0.089 µg/L in wet and dry season, respectively. The average MN ratios of groundwater samples were 14.19‰ and 17.52‰ in wet and dry season, respectively. Groundwater samples showed different genotoxic effect among 3 villages. The total PAHs concentrations in all water samples ranged from 8.98 to 25.17 ng/L with an average of 14.97±4.85 ng/L. BaA, CHR, BkF, BaP and DBA were the main carcinogenic PAHs contributing to the genotoxicity of water samples. In conclusion, carcinogenic PAHs are possibly related to the high tumor mortality in the target area. Characterization of carcinogenic PAHs to genotoxicity of drinking water source may shed light on the etiology study for high tumor mortality in Yinghe river basin.


Assuntos
Água Potável/química , Mutagênicos/análise , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Rios/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluição da Água/análise , China , Geografia , Água Subterrânea/química , Modelos Lineares , Testes para Micronúcleos , Estações do Ano
15.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(3): 300-305, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33691926

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of different melatonin treatment regimens on long-term behavior and white matter damage in neonatal rats with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD), and to seek an optimal melatonin treatment regimen. METHODS: Healthy Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 7 days, were randomly divided into four groups: sham-operation, HIBD, single-dose immediate treatment (SDIT), and 7-day continuous treatment (7DCT), with 8 rats in each group. A neonatal rat model of HIBD was prepared according to the classical Rice-Vannucci method. On day 21 after HIBD, the Morris water maze test was used to evaluate spatial learning and memory abilities. On day 70 after HIBD, immunofluorescence assay was used to measure the expression of neuronal nuclear antigen (NeuN) in the cerebral cortex and the hippocampal CA1 region of neonatal rats, and double-label immunofluorescence was used to measure the expression of myelin basic protein (MBP) and neurofilament 200 (NF200) in the corpus striatum and the corpus callosum. RESULTS: The results of the Morris water maze test showed that the SDIT and 7DCT groups had a significantly shorter mean escape latency than the HIBD group, and the 7DCT group had a significantly shorter mean escape latency than the SDIT group (P < 0.05). The results of immunofluorescence assay for NeuN showed that the SDIT and 7DCT groups had a significantly higher number of NeuN+ cells in the cerebral cortex and the hippocampal CA1 region than the HIBD group, and the 7DCT group had a significantly higher number than the SDIT group (P < 0.05). MBP/NF200 double-label immunofluorescence showed that compared with the HIBD group, the SDIT group and the 7DCT group had significantly higher fluorescence intensities of MBP and NF200 in the corpus striatum, and the 7DCT group had significantly higher fluorescence intensities than the SDIT group (P < 0.05); the 7DCT group had significantly higher fluorescence intensities of MBP and NF200 in the corpus callosum than the SDIT and HIBD groups (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Both SDIT and 7DCT can improve long-term behavior and reduce white matter damage in neonatal rats with HIBD, and 7DCT is more effective than SDIT.


Assuntos
Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica , Melatonina , Substância Branca , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Melatonina/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
16.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(3): 1245-1254, 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742922

RESUMO

To study the pollution characteristics, sources, and ecological and health risk of PM2.5-bound metallic elements in road dust in Zibo City, a total of 97 dust samples were collected in eight districts between October 2016 and May 2017, and particles smaller than 2.5 µm were suspended filtered using a resuspension system. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) were used to investigate 18 metal elements within the dust samples. The results showed that the mass fraction of Ca[ω(Ca)] was highest with an average of 120307.7 mg·kg-1, which was 7.2 times higher than the soil background values for Shandong Province. The mean values of ω(Zn), ω(Cu), ω(Sb), and ω(Cd) were 13.9, 11.7, 13.3, and 29.6 times higher than the background values, respectively. The geo-accumulation index (Igeo) indicated high levels of Cd, Zn, Cu, and Sb pollution, especially in winter. Enrichment factors (EFs) also indicated high concentrations of Cd, Zn, Sb, and Cu in the road dust, which were notably affected by human activities. Principal component analysis (PCA) showed that biomass combustion, coal burning, vehicle emissions, iron and steel smelting, and soil dust are the five main sources of metal elements in road dust in Zibo City. The potential ecological risk of Cd and the total potential risk were extremely high during three seasons and was highest in winter. Health risk assessment showed that As and Pb had a non-carcinogenic risk for children, while Cr presents a carcinogenic risk. In conclusion, pollution from PM2.5-bound metallic elements in road dust in Zibo City is derived from anthropogenic sources and is most severe during winter. Importantly, the levels of pollution detected represent potential ecological risk as well as some non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks for children. Therefore, the source control of road dust requires particular attention.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Criança , Cidades , Poeira/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Metais Pesados/análise , Medição de Risco
17.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-6, 2021 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33678090

RESUMO

Two new alkaloids, phranisines A-B (1-2), along with two known compounds, N-p-Coumaroyl serotonin (3) and N-p-coumaroyl-tryptamine (4), were isolated from the roots of Phragmites australis. The structures of 1-4 were established on the basis of extensive spectroscopic. The absolute configuration of compounds 1-2 were identified through quantum-chemical electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculation compared with their experimental CD. All the isolated compounds were tested for their cytotoxic activities against HeLa and MCF-7 human cancer cell lines, and compounds 2-4 showed moderate cytotoxic activities against HeLa cell lines with IC50 values ranging from 13.2 to 18.6 µM.

18.
Virus Genes ; 57(2): 194-204, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33559837

RESUMO

The structural protein VP3 of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) plays a critical role in viral assembly, replication, immune escape, and anti-apoptosis. Interaction between VP3 and host protein factors can affect stages in the viral replication cycle. In this study, 137 host proteins interacting with VP3 protein were screened through liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)-based proteomics approach. The functions and relevance of the proteins were obtained through bioinformatics analysis. Most VP3-interacting proteins were linked to binding, catalytic activity, and structural molecular activity, and performed functions in cell parts and cells. Biological functions of VP3-interacting proteins were mainly relevant to "Cytoskeleton", "Translation", and "Signal transduction mechanisms", involving ribosomes, "Tight junction", regulation of actin cytoskeleton, and other pathways. Six potential VP3-interacting proteins in host cells were knocked down, and vimentin, myosin-9, and annexin A2 were found to be related to IBDV replication. This study would help explore regulatory pathways and cellular mechanisms in IBDV-infected cells, and also provided clues for the in-depth study of VP3 biological functions and IBDV replication or pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Vírus da Doença Infecciosa da Bursa/metabolismo , Proteínas Estruturais Virais/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Embrião de Galinha , Cromatografia Líquida , Fibroblastos/virologia , Ligação Proteica , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Proteínas/metabolismo , Proteoma/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Replicação Viral
19.
J Surg Oncol ; 123(4): 1134-1143, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33497476

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To construct a prediction model of solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs), to predict the possibility of malignant SPNs in patients aged 15-85 years in northwest China for clinical diagnostic and therapeutic decision-making. METHODS: The features of SPNs were assessed by multivariate logistic regression, followed by visualization using a nomogram. Hosmer lemeshow was applied to evaluate the fitting degree of the model. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was identified to determine the discriminative ability of the model. RESULTS: Lobulation, spiculation, pleural-tag, carcinoembryonic antigen, neuron-specific enolase, and total serum protein were independent predictors of malignant pulmonary nodules (p < .05). Lobulation (100 points) scored the highest in the nomogram, and the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit statistic was 0.805 (p > .05). The area under curve (AUC) of the modeling and validation groups using logistic regression were 0.859 (95% CI, 0.805-0.903) and 0.823 (95% CI, 0.738-0.890), respectively. Moreover, the AUC of our model was higher than that of the Mayo model, VA model, and Peking University (AUC 0.823 vs. 0.655 vs. 0.603 vs. 0.521). CONCLUSION: Our prediction model is more suitable for predicting the possibility of malignant SPNs in northwest China, and can be calculated using a nomogram to determine further treatments.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Modelos Estatísticos , Nomogramas , Nódulo Pulmonar Solitário/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Área Sob a Curva , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco , Nódulo Pulmonar Solitário/sangue , Nódulo Pulmonar Solitário/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
20.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(2)2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33466867

RESUMO

In order to address problems of safety and identification in gas detection, an optical detection method based on surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) was studied to detect ethanol vapor. A SERS device of silver nanoparticles modified polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) was realized by freeze-drying method. This SERS device was placed in a micro transparent cavity in order to inject ethanol vapor of 4% and obtain Raman signals by confocal Raman spectrometer. We compared different types of SERS devices and found that the modification of polyvinylpyrrolidone improves adsorption of ethanol molecules on surfaces of silver nanoparticle, and finally we provide the mechanism by theory and experiment. Finite Difference Time Domain(FDTD) simulation shows that single layer close-packed Ag nanoparticles have strong local electric field in a wide spectral range. In this study, we provide a case for safety and fingerprint recognition of ethanol vapor at room temperature and atmospheric pressure.

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