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1.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(1): 296-299, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027292

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establise the bank of platelet donors with the human platelet antigen (HPA) 1-6, 15 genes so as to provide the HPA-matched platelets for the patients. METHODS: The HPA genotyping of platelets donors and patients with platelet antibody positive confirmed by sercening was performed by using the SSP-PCR; the efficacy of transfusing the HPA-matched platelets for 37 cases platelet antibody positive was analyzed. RESULTS: The most common genotype in platelet donors were HPA-1a/1a-2a/2a-3a/3b-4a/4a-5a/5a-6a/6a-15a/15b, followed by HPA-1a/1a-2a/2a-3a/3a-4a/4a-5a/5a-6a/6a-15a/15b; the most common genotype in 53 cases of platelet antibody positive confirened by screening were HPA-1a/1a-2a/2a-3a/3b-4a/4a-5a/5a-6a/6a-15a/15b. Among 37 patients with platelet antibody positive confirened by screeming, 28 showed that the transfusion of HPA-matched platelets was effective with statistically significant difference in comparison with random transfusion group. The HPA-3, HPA-15 were the main factors leading to polymorphisms. CONCLUSION: HPA-3 and HPA-15 are polymorphic, which should be focused on. HPA-matched platelets can improve the efficiency of platelet transfusion, and avoid the waste of blood resources. The genotypes of platelet donors can basically meet the requirements for common genotype transfusion.


Assuntos
Plaquetas , Antígenos de Plaquetas Humanas , Doadores de Sangue , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos , Polimorfismo Genético
2.
Virology ; 542: 54-62, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32056668

RESUMO

Intergenic region of begomovirus genome is vital to virus replication and viral gene transcription in plants. Previous studies have reported that Tomato yellow leaf curl China virus (TYLCCNV), a begomovirus, is able to accumulate and transcribe in its whitefly vector. However, the viral and host components that participate in begomovirus transcription in whiteflies are hitherto unknown. Using a yeast one-hybrid system, we identified >50 whitefly proteins that interacted with TYLCCNV intergenic region. Dual luciferase analysis revealed that one of the identified proteins, the hairy and enhancer of split homolog-1 (HES1), specifically bound to CACGTG motif in TYLCCNV intergenic region. Silencing HES1 decreased viral transcription, accumulation and transmission. These results demonstrate that the interactions between whitefly proteins and the intergenic region of TYLCCNV may contribute to viral transcription in the whitefly vector. Our findings offer valuable clues for the research and development of novel strategies to interfere with begomovirus transmission.

3.
J Vis Exp ; (156)2020 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32090987

RESUMO

Begomoviruses (genus Begomovirus, family Geminiviridae) are transmitted by whiteflies of the Bemisia tabaci complex in a persistent, circulative manner. Considering the extensive damage caused by begomoviruses to crop production worldwide, it is imperative to understand the interaction between begomoviruses and their whitefly vector. To do so, localization and quantification of the virus in the vector tissues is crucial. Here, using tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) as an example, we describe a detailed protocol to localize begomoviruses in whitefly midguts, primary salivary glands, and ovaries by immunofluorescence. The method is based on the use of specific antibodies against a virus coat protein, dye-labeled secondary antibodies, and a confocal microscope. The protocol can also be used to colocalize begomoviral and whitefly proteins. We further describe a protocol for the quantification of TYLCV in whitefly midguts, primary salivary glands, hemolymph, and ovaries by quantitative PCR (qPCR). Using primers specifically designed for TYLCV, the protocols for quantification allow the comparison of the amount of TYLCV in different tissues of the whitefly. The described protocol is potentially useful for the quantification of begomoviruses in the body of a whitefly and a virus-infected plant. These protocols can be used to analyze the circulation pathway of begomoviruses in the whitefly or as a complement to other methods to study whitefly-begomovirus interactions.

4.
Environ Microbiol ; 22(4): 1207-1221, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31997547

RESUMO

The bacterium Rickettsia is found widely in phytophagous insects and often exerts profound effects on the phenotype and fitness of its hosts. Here, we decrypt a new, independent, phylogenetically ancient Torix Rickettsia endosymbiont found constantly in a laboratory line of an economically important insect Asia II 7, a putative species of the Bemisia tabaci whitefly complex (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), and occasionally in field whitefly populations. This new Rickettsia distributes throughout the body of its whitefly host. Genetically, compared to Rickettsia_bellii_MEAM1 found earlier in whiteflies, the new Rickettsia species has more gene families and pathways, which may be important factors in shaping specific symbiotic relationships. We propose the name 'Candidatus Rickettsia_Torix_Bemisia_tabaci (RiTBt)' for this new endosymbiont associated with whiteflies. Comparative genomic analyses indicate that RiTBi may be a relatively recent intruder in whiteflies given its low abundance in the field and relatively larger genome compared to Rickettsia_bellii_MEAM1.

5.
Virology ; 540: 141-149, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794888

RESUMO

In recent years, Sri Lankan cassava mosaic virus (SLCMV), a begomovirus (genus Begmovirus, family Geminiviridae) causing cassava mosaic disease in Asia, poses serious threats to cassava cultivation in Asia. However, the transmission of SLCMV in the areas into which it has recently been introduced remain largely unexplored. Here we have compared the transmission efficiencies of SLCMV by three widely distributed whitefly species in Asia, and found that only Asia II 1 whiteflies were able to transmit this virus efficiently. The transmission efficiencies of SLCMV by different whitefly species were found to correlate positively with quantity of virus in whitefly whole body. Further, the viral transmission efficiency was found to be associated with varied ability of virus movement within different species of whiteflies. These findings provide detailed information regarding whitefly transmission of SLCMV, which will help to understand the spread of SLCMV in the field, and facilitate the prediction of virus epidemics.

6.
Cancer Lett ; 470: 181-190, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765737

RESUMO

Most cancers are caused by somatic mutations. Some common mutations in the same cancer type can form a "signature" to specifically predict the prognosis or to distinguish it from other cancers. In this study, 710 somatic cell mutations were identified in 142 cases, including digestive, lung and urogenital cancers, and the digestive cancers were further divided into liver, stomach, intestinal, esophageal and cardia cancer. The above mutations were located in 166 genes. In addition, a group of high-frequency mutation genes with specific characteristics were screened to form predictive signatures for each cancer. Verification using TCGA suggested that the signatures could predict the stages, progression-free survival, and overall survival of digestive, intestinal, and liver cancers (P < 0.05). The validation cases further confirmed the predictive role of digestive and liver cancers signatures in diagnosis and prognosis. Overall, this study established predictive signatures for different cancer systems and their subtypes. These findings enable a better understanding in cancer genome, and contribute to the personalized diagnosis and treatment.

7.
J Drug Target ; 28(1): 1-10, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31244351

RESUMO

In recent years, the rate of colorectal cancer has sharply increased, especially in China, where it ranks second for the number of cancer fatalities. Currently, the treatment of colorectal cancer patients involves the combination of resection surgery and treatment with postoperative anticancer drugs such as 5-FU and oxaliplatin. However, recurrence and metastasis after treatment are still the dominant reasons for the low survival rate. Colorectal cancer stem cells (CSCs) are regarded as the key contributors to tumour recurrence and metastasis due to their resistance to chemotherapy drugs and their extremely high tumourigenicity. Once CSCs overcome chemotherapy treatment, they continue to survive and reinitiate proliferation to form tumours, leading to recurrence. The dominant reason for CSC resistance is that most anticancer drugs are aimed at inhibiting proliferative pathways in cancer cells that differ from those in CSCs. Therefore, studies on the characteristics of CSCs and their intracellular molecular pathways are essential for the exploration of CSC-targeted drugs. In this report, we review recent advances in the research of CSCs and, in particular, review the important intracellular molecular pathways, such as HOXA5-catenin, STRAP-NOTCH and YAP/TAZ, related to the maintenance and differentiation of stem cells to generate a theoretical basis for the exploration of CSC-targeted drugs.

8.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 186: 110733, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864113

RESUMO

A variety of three-dimensional DNA assemblies have been proposed as drug carriers owing to their good biocompatibility and easy fabrication. In this study, inspired by the structure of cockleburs, a novel aptamer-tethered DNA assembly was developed for effective targeted drug delivery. The Apt-nanocockleburs were fabricated via a facile process of DNA base pairing: four complementary DNA single strands, including one aptamer-ended strand and three sticky-end strands, were applied to pair with each other. The main body of the nanocockleburs can load doxorubicin (Dox) whilst the covered aptamer spines bind to the target MCF-7 cells. The self-assembled Apt-nanocockleburs exhibit higher cell uptake as well as increased cytotoxicity to MCF-7 cells than DNA nanocockleburs without aptamers. This study provided a DNA constructing platform to produce new drug carriers with high selectivity for cancer targeted drug delivery.

9.
Wound Repair Regen ; 28(3): 326-337, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31868976

RESUMO

Dressings are necessary during the process of wound healing. Since the early 1980s, several types of wound dressings have been produced, but they cannot always take into account some effects include antibacterial effect, wound healing promotion, and other properties. In this study, we would like to develop an effective dressing with the above properties, especially accelerating wound healing effect. A chitosan-calcium alginate dressing (CCAD) was developed by coating mixture of chitosan with high-low molecular weight on calcium alginate dressing (CAD). We investigated the structural characteristics of CCAD with Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and electron microscopy. The cytotoxicity and antibacterial property were evaluated in vitro using CCK-8 and inhibition zone method. Moisture retention was tested on the skin of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats, and wound healing studies were performed on a full-thickness skin wound model in SD rats. CCAD showed good moisturizing and antibacterial properties with no cytotoxicity. CCAD could inhibit inflammation by decreasing IL-6, and it could also promote angiogenesis by increasing VEGF, resulting in better wound healing than CAD. CCAD is a better choice in wound care due to its antibacterial property, biocompatibility, moisture retention, healing promotion, and non-cytotoxicity characteristics.

10.
Hepatology ; 2019 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867749

RESUMO

Heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like growth factor (HB-EGF), a member of the EGF family, plays a pivotal role in the progression of several malignancies, but its role and regulatory mechanisms in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain obscure. Here, we report that transmembrane protease serine 4 (TMPRSS4) significantly enhanced the expression and proteolytic cleavage of HB-EGF to promote angiogenesis and HCC progression. A mechanistic analysis revealed that TMPRSS4 not only increased the transcriptional and translational levels of HB-EGF precursor (pro-HB-EGF) but also promoted its proteolytic cleavage by enhancing matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP9) expression through the EGF receptor (EGFR)/AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)/hypoxia-inducible factor 1 α (HIF-1α) signaling pathway. In addition, HB-EGF promoted HCC proliferation and invasion by the EGFR/phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT signaling pathway. The level of HB-EGF in clinical samples of serum or HCC tissues from HCC patients was positively correlated with the expression of TMPRSS4 and the microvessel density (MVD), and was identified as a prognostic factor for overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS), which suggests that HB-EGF can serve as a potential therapeutic target for HCC. More importantly, we provide the first demonstration that treatment with the HB-EGF inhibitor cross-reacting material 197 (CRM197) alone or in combination with sorafenib can significantly suppress angiogenesis and HCC progression. Conclusion: HB-EGF can be regulated by TMPRSS4 to promote HCC proliferation, invasion, and angiogenesis, and the novel combination of the HB-EGF inhibitor CRM197 with sorafenib might be used for individualized treatment of HCC.

11.
Pathol Res Pract ; 215(10): 152553, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362888

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nidogen-2 (NID2) is a ubiquitous component in the basement membrane and plays an important role in the development of malignant tumors. However, the specific function and mechanism of the NID2 gene in gastric cancer remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of NID2 in gastric cancer(GC). METHODS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of NID2 in 67 GC tissues and adjacent normal tissues. The relationship between NID2 expression and clinicopathological features was further analyzed. In addition, we evaluated the expression of NID2 in GC based on data from the GEPIA and Kaplan-Meier Plotter database and compared the database results with our own experimental results. Invasion and wound healing assays were used to detect the function of NID2 in MKN45 and SGC7901 cells. Finally, the NID2 network and its possible related genes are constructed by the bioinformatics framework. RESULTS: The expression level of NID2 was found to be significantly over-expressed in gastric cancer cells and tissues compared with normal controls and positively associated with TNM stage, showing a poor prognosis of GC patients. In vitro experiments indicated that NID2 was able to promote the ability of invasion and migration in GC cells. Bioinformatics prediction showed NID2 might regulate the progression of GC via protein digestion and absorption, amoebiasis, PI3K-AKt-signaling pathway, focal adhesion and ECM-receptor interaction pathways. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates that up-regulated NID2 plays an important role in promoting the invasion and migration of GC cells and has a potential of being a novel biomarker for diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of GC in the future.

12.
PeerJ ; 7: e7477, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31440434

RESUMO

Background: Bacterial symbiosis is widespread in arthropods, especially in insects. Some of the symbionts undergo a long-term co-evolution with the host, resulting in massive genome decay. One particular consequence of genome decay is thought to be the elimination of transcriptional elements within both the coding region and intergenic sequences. In the whitefly Bemisia tabaci species complex, the obligate symbiont Candidatus Portiera aleyrodidarum is of vital importance in nutrient provision, and yet little is known about the regulatory capacities of it. Methods: Portiera genomes of two whitefly species in China were sequenced and assembled. Gene content of these two Portiera genomes was predicted, and then subjected to Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analysis. Together with two other Portiera genomes from whitefly species available previously, four Portiera genomes were utilized to investigate regulatory capacities of Portiera, focusing on transcriptional elements, including genes related with transcription and functional elements within the intergenic spacers. Results: Comparative analyses of the four Portiera genomes of whitefly B. tabaci indicate that the obligate symbionts Portiera is similar in different species of whiteflies, in terms of general genome features and possible functions in the biosynthesis of essential amino acids. The screening of transcriptional factors suggests compromised ability of Portiera to regulate the essential amino acid biosynthesis pathways. Meanwhile, thermal tolerance ability of Portiera is indicated with the detection of a σ32 factor, as well as two predicted σ32 binding sites. Within intergenic spacers, functional elements are predicted, including 37 Shine-Dalgarno sequences and 34 putative small RNAs.

13.
Cell Cycle ; 18(19): 2432-2446, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31448674

RESUMO

Prostate cancer (PCa) is a frequently occurring malignancy in males, and epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a critical role in PCa metastasis. Thus, developing biomarkers inhibiting EMT may provide significance for treatment of PCa. Hence, the aim of the current study was to investigate the mechanism by which FBP1 gene silencing influences PCa cell EMT, invasion and metastasis by mediating the MAPK pathway. PCa cell lines exhibiting the highest FBP1 expression were selected and treated with plasmids of siRNA-FBP1 sequence 1 and 2, pcDNA3.1-Flag-FBP1 (over-expression plasmid of FBP1), U0126 (an inhibitor of the ERK signaling pathway) and PD98059 (an inhibitor of the MEK signaling pathway). Cell proliferation, migration and invasion were detected by MTT assay, wound healing assay and Transwell assay, respectively. The mRNA and protein expression of related factors of EMT and MAPK signaling were determined by RT-qPCR and western blot analysis, respectively. Xenograft tumor growth after inoculation of DU145 cells was regularly analyzed in the nude mice. The positive expression of EMT markers was determined by immunohistochemistry. DU-145 and PC-3 cells displaying the highest FBP1 expression were selected for further analysis. The PCa cells treated with siRNA-FBP1 exhibited increased proliferation, migration rate and invasion, in addition to facilitated xenograft tumor growth. Notably, siRNA-FBP1 was identified to accelerate PCa cell EMT by elevating the expression of Vimentin and N-cadherin while diminishing E-cadherin expression via activation of the MAPK signaling pathway. The aforementioned results were reversed in PCa cells treated by pcDNA3.1-Flag-FBP1. Evidence has been provided in this study that FBP1 gene silencing activates the MAPK pathway, which ultimately promotes cell EMT, invasion and metastasis in PCa.

14.
Virology ; 535: 210-217, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31319278

RESUMO

Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) poses serious threat to tomato production worldwide, and the vector, Bemisia tabaci, plays a key role in the transmission of this virus. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the transmission remain poorly understood. In this study, firstly, we identified the whitefly proteins that presumably interact with TYLCV coat protein (CP) using split-ubiquitin yeast two-hybrid system. Next, we conducted GST pull-down and immunofluorescence to examine the potential interaction between TYLCV CP and one of the proteins identified, namely vesicle associated membrane protein-associated protein B (VAPB), an protein abundantly expressed in whitefly midgut. Further experiments demonstrated that VAPB was significantly up-regulated upon virus acquisition, and silencing VAPB led to a significant increase of relative virus quantity in whitefly haemolymph and salivary glands, as well as an increase of TYLCV transmission efficiency. These findings indicate an important role of VAPB in the transmission of TYLCV by whiteflies.

15.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2033: 287-300, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31332761

RESUMO

The emergence of "molecular superglue," such as SpyTag-SpyCatcher chemistry, has tremendously expanded our capability in manipulating protein shape and architecture via conjugation. Telechelic proteins bearing the SpyTag and SpyCatcher reactive sequences can be expressed and purified for bioconjugation in vitro, giving protein conjugates, branched proteins, and circular proteins. By encoding both reactive sequences in the same construct for expression in vivo, the nascent protein undergoes programmed posttranslational modification guided by protein folding and reaction, leading to diverse nonlinear topologies in situ. In this chapter, we present the SpyTag-SpyCatcher chemistry as a versatile platform for protein bioconjugation and topology engineering.

17.
Virology ; 531: 240-247, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30933715

RESUMO

Begomoviruses contain some of the most damaging viral disease agents of crops worldwide, and are transmitted by whiteflies of the Bemisia tabaci species complex. During the last 20 years, transovarial transmission of tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) has been reported in two invasive species of the B. tabaci complex. To further decipher the importance of this mode of transmission, we analyzed transovarial transmission of TYLCV by seven whitefly species indigenous to China. TYLCV virions were detected in eggs of all species except one, and in nymphs of two species, but in none of the ensuing adults of all seven species. Our results suggest that these indigenous whiteflies are unable to transmit TYLCV, a begomovirus alien to China, via ova to produce future generations of viruliferous adults, although most of the species exhibit varying ability to carry over the virus to the eggs/nymphs of their offspring via transovarial transmission.


Assuntos
Begomovirus/fisiologia , Hemípteros/fisiologia , Hemípteros/virologia , Insetos Vetores/fisiologia , Insetos Vetores/virologia , Lycopersicon esculentum/virologia , Doenças das Plantas/virologia , Animais , China , Hemípteros/classificação , Hemípteros/genética , Insetos Vetores/classificação , Insetos Vetores/genética
18.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 219: 104-109, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31030037

RESUMO

Sodium nitrate as an important inorganic component can be chemically formed from the reactions of nitrogen oxides and nitric acid (HNO3) with sea salt in atmosphere. Organic acids contribute a significant fraction of photochemical formed secondary organics that can condense on the preexisting nitrate-containing particles. Atmospheric particles often include a complex mixture of nitrate and secondary organic materials accumulated within the same individual particles. Here we studied the hygroscopicity of aerosol particles composed of sodium nitrate and glutaric acid (GA) by using a pulsed RH controlling system and a rapid scan vacuum FTIR spectrometer (PRHCS-RSVFTIR). The water content in the particles and efflorescence ratios of both NaNO3 and GA at ambient relative humidity (RH) as a function of time were obtained from the rapid-scan infrared spectra with a sub-second time resolution. Our study showed that both NaNO3 and GA crystallized at 44.1% RH during two different RH control processes (stepwise and pulsed processes). It was found that the addition of GA could suppress the efflorescence of NaNO3 during the dehumidifying process. In addition, the mixed NaNO3/GA particles release HNO3 during the dehumidifying and humidifying cycles. These findings are important in further understanding the role of interactions between water-soluble dicarboxylic acids and nitrates on hygroscopicity and environmental effects of atmospheric particles.

19.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 6568, 2019 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31024030

RESUMO

The 37 currently recognized Bemisia tabaci cryptic species are economically important species and contain both primary and secondary endosymbionts, but their diversity has never been mapped systematically across the group. To achieve this, PacBio sequencing of full-length bacterial 16S rRNA gene amplicons was carried out on 21 globally collected species in the B. tabaci complex, and two samples from B. afer were used here as outgroups. The microbial diversity was first explored across the major lineages of the whole group and 15 new putative bacterial sequences were observed. Extensive comparison of our results with previous endosymbiont diversity surveys which used PCR or multiplex 454 pyrosequencing platforms showed that the bacterial diversity was underestimated. To validate these new putative bacteria, one of them (Halomonas) was first confirmed to be present in MED B. tabaci using Hiseq2500 and FISH technologies. These results confirmed PacBio is a reliable and informative venue to reveal the bacterial diversity of insects. In addition, many new secondary endosymbiotic strains of Rickettsia and Arsenophonus were found, increasing the known diversity in these groups. For the previously described primary endosymbionts, one Portiera Operational Taxonomic Units (OTU) was shared by all B. tabaci species. The congruence of the B. tabaci-host and Portiera phylogenetic trees provides strong support for the hypothesis that primary endosymbionts co-speciated with their hosts. Likewise, a comparison of bacterial alpha diversities, Principal Coordinate Analysis, indistinct endosymbiotic communities harbored by different species and the co-divergence analyses suggest a lack of association between overall microbial diversity with cryptic species, further indicate that the secondary endosymbiont-mediated speciation is unlikely to have occurred in the B. tabaci species group.

20.
Virol J ; 16(1): 32, 2019 03 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30857562

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Viruses in the genus Begomovirus (Family Geminiviridae) include many important economic plant viruses transmitted by whiteflies of the Bemisia tabaci species complex. In general, different begomoviruses may be acquired and transmitted by the same whitefly species with different efficiencies. For example, the species Mediterranean (MED) in this whitefly species complex transmits tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) at a higher efficiency than papaya leaf curl China virus (PaLCuCNV). However, the proteomic responses of whitefly to the infection of different begomoviruses remain largely unknown. METHODS: We used iTRAQ-based proteomics coupled with RT-qPCR to investigate and compare responses of the MED whitefly to the infection of TYLCV and PaLCuCNV. RESULTS: Totally, 259, 395 and 74 differently expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified in the comparisons of TYLCV-infected vs. un-infected, PaLCuCNV-infected vs. un-infected, and TYLCV-infected vs. PaLCuCNV-infected whiteflies, respectively. These proteins appear associated with catabolic process, metabolic process, transport, defense response, cell cycle, and receptor. The comparisons of TYLCV-infected vs. un-infected and PaLCuCNV-infected vs. un-infected shared some similar DEPs, indicating possible involvement of laminin subunit alpha, dystroglycan, integrin alpha-PS2 and cuticle proteins in viral transport as well as the role of putative defense proteins 3 and PITH in anti-viral response. However, 20S proteasome subunits associated with regulation of virus degradation and accumulation were up-regulated in PaLCuCNV-infected but not in TYLCV-infected whiteflies, which may be related to the constraints of PaLCuCNV accumulation in MED. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide valuable clues for unravelling the roles of some whitefly proteins in begomovirus transmission.


Assuntos
Begomovirus/genética , Hemípteros/virologia , Interações entre Hospedeiro e Microrganismos/genética , Proteômica/métodos , Viroses/transmissão , Animais , Doenças das Plantas/virologia , Vírus de Plantas/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
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