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1.
Br J Pharmacol ; 2022 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36521846

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Atopic dermatitis is a common chronic pruritic inflammatory disease of the skin involving neuro-immune communication. Neuronal mechanism-based therapeutic treatments remain lacking. We investigated the efficacy of intravenous lidocaine therapy on atopic dermatitis and the underlying neuro-immune mechanism. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Pharmacological intervention, immunofluorescence, RNA-sequencing, genetic modification and immunoassay were performed to dissect the neuro-immune basis of itch and inflammation in atopic dermatitis-like mouse model and in patients. KEY RESULTS: Lidocaine alleviated skin lesions and itch in both atopic dermatitis patients and calcipotriol (MC903)-induced atopic dermatitis model by blocking subpopulation of sensory neurons. QX-314, a charged NaV blocker that enters through pathologically activated large-pore ion channels and selectivity inhibits a subpopulation of sensory neurons, has the same effects as lidocaine in atopic dermatitis model. Genetic silencing NaV 1.8-expressing sensory neurons was sufficient to restrict cutaneous inflammation and itch in the atopic dermatitis model. However, pharmacological blockade of TRPV1-positive nociceptors only abolished persistent itch but did not affect skin inflammation in the atopic dermatitis model, indicating a difference between sensory neuronal modulation of skin inflammation and itch. Inhibition of activity-dependent release of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) from sensory neurons by lidocaine largely accounts for the therapeutic effect of lidocaine in the atopic dermatitis model. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: NaV 1.8+ sensory neurons play a critical role in pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis and lidocaine is a potential anti-inflammatory and anti-pruritic agent for atopic dermatitis. A dissociable difference for sensory neuronal modulation of skin inflammation and itch contributes to further understanding of pathogenesis in atopic dermatitis.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(46): e31395, 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401422

RESUMO

Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is an autoimmune cholestatic liver disease. The clinical effectiveness of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) plus glucocorticoids and/or immunosuppressants remains controversial in PBC patients. The study aimed to compare the efficacy of monotherapy and combination therapy in patients with PBC and to assess the factors affecting the efficacy. In this retrospective study, 266 patients diagnosed with PBC were divided into monotherapy group (UDCA), double therapy group (UDCA plus glucocorticoids or immunosuppressants), and triple therapy group (UDCA plus glucocorticoids and immunosuppressants) according to different treatments. Demographic characteristics, immune parameters, biochemistry profiles, and other indicators were evaluated at baseline, 6 months, and 1 year following treatment. The prognosis was evaluated using the Paris II standard. The liver transplant-free survival at 3, 5, 10, and 15 years was predicted by GLOBE score. All statistical analyses were conducted using SPSS (version 24) software (SPSS Inc, Chicago, IL). The long-term survival rate of the triple therapy group was significantly improved compared with the monotherapy group (P = .005). In addition, multivariate analysis showed that abnormal platelet count, alkaline phosphatase, and albumin levels were risk factors for poor response. When IgG levels were elevated but below twice the upper limit of normal, the clinical benefit was not significant compared with monotherapy (P > .05). Compared with monotherapy and double therapy, triple therapy may improve the long-term survival rate of PBC patients. Abnormal platelet count, alkaline phosphatase, and albumin levels were associated with a poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Cirrose Hepática Biliar , Ácido Ursodesoxicólico , Humanos , Ácido Ursodesoxicólico/uso terapêutico , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Colagogos e Coleréticos/uso terapêutico , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/tratamento farmacológico , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/complicações , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Fosfatase Alcalina/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Albuminas/uso terapêutico
3.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(11): 1269-77, 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36397225

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-3 (VEGFR-3), proinflammatory factors and apoptosis in myocardial tissue in mice with acute myocardial ischemia (AMI), and to explore the mechanism of EA for AMI. METHODS: Fifty male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, an EA group, an inhibitor group and an inhibitor+EA group, 10 mice in each group. Except for the sham operation group, the mice in the remaining groups were intervented with ligation at the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery to establish AMI model. The mice in the sham operation group were intervented without ligation after thoracotomy. The mice in the EA group were intervented with EA at "Shenmen" (HT 7) and "Tongli" (HT 5), disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/15 Hz in frequency, 1 mA in current intensity, 30 min each time, once a day, for 3 d. The mice in the inhibitor group were treated with intraperitoneal injection of SAR 131675 (12.5 mg•kg-1•d-1, once a day for 3 d). The mice in the inhibitor+EA group were injected intraperitoneally with SAR 131675 30 min before EA. The ECG before modeling, 30 min after modeling and 3 d after intervention was detected, and the ST segment displacement was recorded; after the intervention, the ELISA method was applied to measure the contents of serum creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) as well as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-23 (IL-23) in myocardial tissue; the HE staining method was used to observe the morphological changes of myocardial tissue; the immunofluorescence double labeling method was applied to measure the number of co-expression positive cells of VEGF-C/VEGFR-3 in myocardial tissue; the TUNEL method was used to detect the level of cardiomyocyte apoptosis; the Western blot method was applied to measure the protein expressions of VEGF-C, VEGFR-3, b-lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), activated caspase-3 (Cleaved Caspase-3) and activated poly adenosine diphosphate ribose polymerase-1 (Cleaved PARP-1). RESULTS: Compared with the sham operation group, in the model group the ST segment displacement was increased (P<0.01); the contents of CK-MB, AST, TNF-α and IL-23 were increased (P<0.01); the arrangement of myocardial fibers was disordered, and interstitial inflammatory cell infiltration was obvious; the number of co-expression positive cells of VEGF-C/VEGFR-3 was decreased (P<0.01); the number of cardiomyocyte apoptosis was increased (P<0.01); the expressions of VEGF-C, VEGFR-3 and Bcl-2 were decreased (P<0.01); the expressions of Cleaved Caspase-3 and Cleaved PARP-1 were increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, in the EA group the ST segment displacement was decreased (P<0.01); the contents of CK-MB, AST, TNF-α, IL-23 were decreased (P<0.01); the severity of myocardial pathological injury was reduced; the number of co-expression positive cells of VEGF-C/VEGFR-3 was increased (P<0.01); the number of cardiomyocyte apoptosis was reduced (P<0.01); the expressions of VEGF-C, VEGFR-3 and Bcl-2 were increased (P<0.01); the expressions of Cleaved Caspase-3 and Cleaved PARP-1 were reduced (P<0.01). There was no significant difference in all the indexes between the model group and the inhibitor group (P>0.05). Compared with the model group, the protein expression of VEGF-C was increased in the inhibitor+EA group (P<0.01). Compared with the inhibitor group, in the EA group the ST segment displacement was decreased (P<0.01); the contents of CK-MB, AST, TNF-α, IL-23 were decreased (P<0.01); the severity of myocardial pathological injury was reduced; the number of co-expression positive cells of VEGF-C/VEGFR-3 was increased (P<0.05); the number of cardiomyocyte apoptosis was reduced (P<0.01); the expressions of VEGF-C, VEGFR-3 and Bcl-2 were increased (P<0.01); the expressions of Cleaved Caspase-3 and Cleaved PARP-1 were reduced (P<0.01). Compared with the inhibitor+EA group, all the indexes in the EA group were improved except the protein expression of VEGF-C (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: EA could relieve the inflammatory reaction and apoptosis in AMI mice, and its mechanism may be related to activating VEGF-C/VEGFR-3 pathway and promoting lymphangion genesis.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Isquemia Miocárdica , Camundongos , Masculino , Animais , Receptor 3 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Caspase 3 , Fator C de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Isquemia Miocárdica/genética , Isquemia Miocárdica/terapia , Isquemia Miocárdica/metabolismo , Apoptose , Interleucina-23 , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(16): 4454-4461, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046875

RESUMO

This study aimed to further explore the relevant mechanism of action by network pharmacology integrated with animal experimental verification based on previous proven effective treatment of vertebral artery type of cervical spondylosis(CSA) by Panlongqi Tablets. Bionetwork analysis was performed to establish drug-disease interaction network, and it was found that the key candidate targets of Panlongqi Tablets were enriched in multiple signaling pathways related to CSA pathological links, among which phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3 K)/serine-threonine kinase(AKT/PKB) signaling pathway was the most significant. Further, mixed modeling method was used to build the CSA rat model, and the rats were divided into normal, model, Panlongqi Tablets low-, medium-and high-dose(0.16, 0.32, 0.64 g·kg~(-1)) and Jingfukang Granules(positive drug, 1.35 g·kg~(-1)) groups. After successful modeling, the rats were administered for 8 consecutive weeks. Pathological changes of rat cervical muscle tissues were detected by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining, and the content of interleukin-1ß(IL-1ß), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), vascular endothelial cell growth factor(VEGF) and chemokine(C-C motif) ligand 2(CCL2) in rat serum and/or cervical tissues was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). Western blot was employed to detect the protein expression levels of chemokine(C-C motif) receptor 2(CCR2), PI3 K, AKT, phosphorylated AKT(p-AKT), I-kappa-B-kinase beta(IKK-beta/IKKß), nuclear factor kappa B(NF-κB P65) and phosphorylated nuclear factor kappa B(NF-κB p-P65) in rat cervical tissues, and positive expression of p-NF-κB P65 in rat cervical muscle tissues was detected by immunofluorescence. The results showed that Panlongqi Tablets at different doses improved the degree of muscle fibrosis and inflammation in cervical muscle tissues of CSA rats, and reduced the content of inflammatory factors IL-1ß, TNF-α, VEGF, CCL2 and CCR2 in serum and/or cervical tissues. The protein expression levels of PI3 K, p-AKT, IKKß and p-NF-κB P65 as well as the nuclear entry of p-NF-κB P65 in cervical tissues were down-regulated. These findings suggest that Panlongqi Tablets can significantly inhibit the inflammatory response of CSA rats, and the mechanism of action may be related to the down-regulation of the activation of PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway.


Assuntos
NF-kappa B , Espondilose , Animais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Quinase I-kappa B/metabolismo , Quinase I-kappa B/farmacologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Farmacologia em Rede , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais , Espondilose/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Artéria Vertebral/metabolismo
5.
Front Public Health ; 10: 871374, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35991037

RESUMO

Since December 2019, the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has become a non-neglectable context for the whole healthcare system. Under the background of COVID-19, the detection and diagnosis of malaria cases are under challenge. Here, we reported a COVID-19 and malaria co-infection traveler who has a long living history in Cameroon. The case was administered with dihydroartemisinin and piperaquine tablets for malaria, Lopinavir and Ritonavir tablets, Arbidol, recombinant human interferon α-2b and Compound Maxing Yifei mixture for COVID-19, and Zolpidem Tartrate tablets, Diazepam, Paroxetine Hydrochloride tablets, Thymosin α1, and Lianhua Qinwen Jiaonang during the second hospitalization of the patient since the patient has a certain level of anxiety and insomnia with no evidence of inflammatory reactions. After being tested negative two times for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in 48 h, the patient met China's COVID-19 discharge standards and was discharged with stable vital signs and mental state. Since most countries in the sub-Saharan region have a fragile health system, co-infection for both Plasmodium and SARS-CoV-2 may not be uncommon, and raise a challenge in diagnosis, treatment, and prevention for both diseases. We add to the literature on co-infection of P. falciparum malaria and COVID-19 and offer operational advice on diagnosis, prevention, and treatment for the co-infection.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Coinfecção , Malária Falciparum , Malária , Humanos , Malária/diagnóstico , Malária Falciparum/diagnóstico , Plasmodium falciparum , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Front Oncol ; 12: 923579, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35992786

RESUMO

Background: Epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma (EMCa) is a rare low-grade malignant tumor that most commonly occurs in the salivary glands, with approximately 320 cases having been reported worldwide. Here, we report the third case of EMCa occurring in the nasopharynx. Rare cases in the breast, pituitary gland, lacrimal gland, nose, paranasal sinus, nasal cavity, trachea and bronchus, lung, and even the pleura mediastinalis have also been reported. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry are useful for confirming the diagnosis of EMCa, which is characterized by biphasic tubular structures composed of inner ductal and outer clear myoepithelial cells and stains for different markers in each layer. However, because of the rarity of EMCa, the clinicopathological characteristics and treatment of these patients remain unclear. Case presentation: We report a rare case of EMCa of the nasopharynx. A 51-year-old man presented with a 5-month history of pain while swallowing and aggravation accompanied by right ear tinnitus lasting for 1 month. Nasopharyngoscopy and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the nasopharynx and neck revealed a 5.6 cm × 3.4 cm × 3.1 cm mass in the nasopharyngeal space, invasion of the right cavernous sinus, and lymph node enlargement in the right retropharyngeal space. On 17 April 2019, based on the histopathological and immunohistochemical features, a final diagnosis of EMCa of the right nasopharynx was made. The patient underwent concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT), and his symptoms were relieved after treatment. On 10 January 2022, nasopharynx MRI and biopsy revealed local recurrence, but chest and abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed no obvious signs of metastasis. The local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) period was 33 months. Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the third reported case of EMCa in the nasopharynx and the only case of EMCa in the nasopharynx treated with CCRT, and a partial response was achieved. Therefore, to improve the quality of life and prognosis of patients with unresectable tumors, we believe that CCRT is a suitable option. Further clinical observations are required to elucidate the pathophysiology and prognosis of EMCa.

7.
Front Immunol ; 13: 921900, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35865544

RESUMO

Hypersplenism (HS) is a concomitant symptom of liver or blood disease. Not only does the treatment of HS face challenges, but the transcriptome of individual cells is also unknown. Here, the transcriptional profiles of 43,037 cells from four HS tissues and one control tissue were generated by the single-cell RNA sequencing and nine major cell types, including T-cells, B-cells, NK cells, hematopoietic stem cells, neutrophil cells, mast cells, endothelial cells, erythrocytes, and dendritic cells were identified. Strikingly, the main features were the lack of CCL5+ B-cells in HS and the presence of SESN1+ B cells in HS with hepatocellular carcinoma (HS-HCC). In cell-cell interaction analysis, CD74-COPA and CD94-HLA-E in HS were found to be up-regulated. We further explored HS-specifically enriched genes (such as FKBP5, ADAR, and RPS4Y1) and found that FKBP5 was highly expressed in HCC-HS, leading to immunosuppression. Taken together, this research provides new insights into the genetic characteristics of HS via comprehensive single-cell transcriptome analysis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hiperesplenismo , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Complexo Antígeno-Anticorpo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Análise de Sequência de RNA
8.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 925357, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35833109

RESUMO

Background: The evolution of pediatric non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is associated with unique histological features. Pathological evaluation of liver specimen is often hindered by observer variability and diagnostic consensus is not always attainable. We investigated whether the qFIBS technique derived from adult NASH could be applied to pediatric NASH. Materials and Methods: 102 pediatric patients (<18 years old) with liver biopsy-proven NASH were included. The liver biopsies were serially sectioned for hematoxylin-eosin and Masson trichrome staining for histological scoring, and for second harmonic generation (SHG) imaging. qFIBS-automated measure of fibrosis, inflammation, hepatocyte ballooning, and steatosis was estabilshed by using the NASH CRN scoring system as the reference standard. Results: qFIBS showed the best correlation with steatosis (r = 0.84, P < 0.001); with ability to distinguish different grades of steatosis (AUROCs 0.90 and 0.98, sensitivity 0.71 and 0.93, and specificity 0.90 and 0.90). qFIBS correlation with fibrosis (r = 0.72, P < 0.001) was good with high AUROC values [qFibrosis (AUC) > 0.85 (0.85-0.95)] and ability to distinguish different stages of fibrosis. qFIBS showed weak correlation with ballooning (r = 0.38, P = 0.028) and inflammation (r = 0.46, P = 0.005); however, it could distinguish different grades of ballooning (AUROCs 0.73, sensitivity 0.36, and specificity 0.92) and inflammation (AUROCs 0.77, sensitivity 0.83, and specificity 0.53). Conclusion: It was demonstrated that when qFIBS derived from adult NASH was performed on pediatric NASH, it could best distinguish the various histological grades of steatosis and fibrosis.

9.
Environ Pollut ; 308: 119663, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35738516

RESUMO

Microplastics could be grazed by marine organisms and possibly transferred to higher trophic levels along the microbial loop. Due to their size and capacity to concentrate heavy metals that trigger joint toxic effects, microplastics (MPs) have already become a severe threat to marine organisms. The detrimental effects of MPs on large marine organisms have been studied, but the combined toxicity of MPs and cadmium (Cd) on protozoan ciliates remains unclear. In the present study, we selected different diameters and concentrations of polystyrene microspheres (PS-MPs) and Cd2+ as model MPs and heavy metals to evaluate their single and combined effects on the periphytic marine ciliate Euplotes vannus in relation to carbon biomass and oxidative stress. The MPs were indeed ingested by Euplotes vannus and significantly reduced the abundance and carbon biomass of ciliate populations. Combined exposure to MPs and Cd2+ not only increased the bioaccumulation of Cd2+ in ciliates but also exacerbated the decrease in ciliate biomass by increasing oxidative stress and membrane damage. In comparison, the effects of nano-sized plastics (0.22 µm) were more harmful than those of micro-sized plastics (1.07 µm, 2.14 µm and 5.00 µm). A smaller size represents a higher potential for penetrating biological members and a stronger adsorption capacity for cadmium. These results provide new insight into the combined toxicity of microplastics and heavy metals on ciliated protozoa and lay a foundation for higher trophic levels and ecosystems.


Assuntos
Euplotes , Metais Pesados , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Organismos Aquáticos , Cádmio/análise , Cádmio/toxicidade , Carbono , Ecossistema , Metais Pesados/toxicidade , Microplásticos , Plásticos/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
10.
J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs ; 29(5): 698-708, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35716343

RESUMO

WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT: Because of increasingly stressful, dangerous and unpredictable psychiatric nursing work, psychiatric nurses have experienced higher job stress than general ward nurses. Little is known about the factors that affect the turnover intention of Chinese psychiatric nurses. Understanding the influencing factors of nurses' turnover intention will help to formulate targeted measures to stabilize psychiatric nursing teams. WHAT DOES THIS PAPER ADD TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE: The results showed that 70.2% of psychiatric nurses had higher turnover intention. The strong turnover intention of Chinese psychiatric nurses is a problem that needs to be considered by managers. The results showed that having more children, between 31 and 39 years old, and having a part-time job were strongly associated with turnover intention. In addition, "job stress" was also an important factor, psychiatric nurses' turnover intention decreased as their job stress level decreased. WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Nursing managers should pay attention to nurses who have more children, between 31 and 39 years old, and take on part-time jobs. Additionally, nursing managers should reduce job stress and implement targeted programmes to prevent psychiatric nurses' turnover. Experience-sharing meetings and mindfulness-based stress reduction training are also useful to improve the mental health status of psychiatric nurses with great job stress. Nursing managers should arrange human resources and shifts appropriately to give nurses with more children more time with their families. Provide more development opportunities for psychiatric nurses between 31 and 39 years old. Managers explore the reasons why nurses take on part-time jobs and take targeted interventions (such as increasing income) to reduce the behaviour that happens. ABSTRACT: Introduction Nurses' turnover is the main cause of nursing shortages, greatly affected by nurses' intention to leave. Nurses' turnover rate is particularly high in psychiatric wards. Several factors influencing the turnover intention of psychiatric nurses have not been well identified in China, and the association between job stress and turnover intention is still limited. Aims To examine the relationship between job stress and turnover intention and identify the influencing factors of psychiatric nurses' turnover intention. Methods Data were collected from 2355 psychiatric Chinese nurses using a cross-sectional design with an online questionnaire investigation. Results Psychiatric nurses had higher turnover intention. Significant factors influencing their turnover intention were job stress, having more children, age between 31 and 39 years old, part-time jobs, education, income and patient-to-nurse ratio. Discussion Demographics and job-related factors should be considered when developing strategies to reduce the turnover intention of psychiatric nurses. Implications for practice Nursing managers should pay attention to nurses with higher job stress levels and different demographic characteristics. Effective measures should be taken to reduce psychiatric nurses' job stress and turnover intention, such as arranging reasonable shifts, implementing targeted family-friendly policies, increasing their occupational possibilities and promoting mental health.


Assuntos
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Estresse Ocupacional , Enfermagem Psiquiátrica , Adulto , Criança , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Intenção , Satisfação no Emprego , Reorganização de Recursos Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(6): 1625-1631, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35347971

RESUMO

This study aimed to observe the intervention effect of Jianpi Huogu Formula(JPHGF) on the functional damage of vascular endothelial cells caused by glucocorticoid, and explore its action mechanism from the PI3 K/Akt and mitogen activated protein kinase(MAPK) signaling pathways. The extracted thoracic aorta ring of normal SD rats were intervened first with vascularendothelial growth factor(VEGF, 20 µg·L-1) and/or sodium succinate(MPS, 0. 04 g·L-1) in vitro and then with JPHGF(8, 16, and 32 µg·L-1) for five mcontinuous ethylpdays, rednisolofollowed nebythe statistics of the number, length, and area of microvessels budding fromvascular rings. In addition, the human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs) induced by VEGF(20 µg·L-1) were added with MPS(0. 04 g·L-1) and then with JPHGF(8, 16, and 32 µg·L-1) for observing the migration, invasion, and luminal formation abilities of HUVECs in the migration, invasion and luminal formation experiments. The protein expression levels of PI3 K, p-Akt, p-JN K, and p-ERK in HUVECs were assayed by Western blot. The results showed that JPHGF dose-dependently improved the num-ber,length, and area of microvessels in MPS-induced rat thoracic aortic ring, reversed the migration, invasion and lumen formation abiliti es of HUVECs reduced by MPS, and up-regulated the protein expression levels of PI3 K, p-Akt, and p-JNK in HUVECs. All thesehave suggested that JPHGF exerts the protective effect against hormone-induced damage to the angiogenesis of vascular endothelial cells by activating the PI3 K/Akt and MAPK signaling pathways, which has provided reference for exploring the mechanism of JPHGF in treating s teroid-induced avascular necrosis of femoral head(SANFH) and also the experimental evidence for enriching the scientific connotationof spleen-invigorating and blood-activating therapy.


Assuntos
Glucocorticoides , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Animais , Glucocorticoides/metabolismo , Glucocorticoides/farmacologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
12.
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol ; 79(4): 558-567, 2022 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34983912

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: As a highly efficient anticancer agent, doxorubicin (DOX) is used for treatment of various cancers, but DOX-induced oxidative damages contribute to a degenerative irreversible cardiac toxicity. Saikosaponin D (SSD), which is a triterpenoid saponin with many biological activities including anti-inflammatory effects and antioxidant properties, provides protection against pathologic cardiac remodeling and fibrosis. In the present study, we investigated the work of SSD for DOX-induced cardiotoxicity and the involved mechanisms. We observed that DOX injection induced cardiac injury and malfunction and decreased survival rate. Besides, DOX treatment increased lactate dehydrogenase leakage, cardiomyocyte apoptosis, and myocardium fibrosis and decreased the size of cardiomyocytes. Meanwhile, all the effects were notably attenuated by SSD treatment. In vitro, we found that 1 µM SSD could enhance the proliferation of H9c2 cells and inhibit DOX-induced apoptosis. It was found that the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and reactive oxygen species were significantly reduced by improving the activities of the endogenous antioxidative enzymes including catalase and glutathione peroxidase. Furthermore, SSD treatment could downregulate the DOX-induced p38 phosphorylation. Our results suggested that SSD efficiently protected the cardiomyocytes from DOX-induced cardiotoxicity by inhibiting the excessive oxidative stress via p38-MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase, MAPK) signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Cardiotoxicidade , Saponinas , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Apoptose , Doxorrubicina/toxicidade , Fibrose , Humanos , Miócitos Cardíacos , Ácido Oleanólico/análogos & derivados , Estresse Oxidativo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Saponinas/farmacologia
13.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 156(2): 316-321, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33544891

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of ultrasound-indicated cerclage failure in singleton pregnancies for preventing extremely preterm birth. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study included 96 singleton pregnancies with ultrasound-indicated McDonald cerclage in women with previous preterm birth (PTB) and cervical shortening. Descriptive statistics were calculated at baseline and logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the factors associated with cerclage failure. RESULTS: In all, 28 (29%) of the women had a preterm delivery at before 28 weeks. Multivariate analysis identified cervical dilatation, non-cephalic presentation, and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) as independent predictors of cerclage failure (odds ratio [OR] 3.12, 95% CI [confidence interval] 1.01-9.66; OR 5.81, 95% CI 1.04-32.53; OR 1.02, 95% CI 1.01-1.03, respectively). The efficacy of these predictors was evaluated using a receiver operating characteristics curve. The area under the curve was 0.87 (95% CI 0.78-0.96, P < 0.001) with a sensitivity of 78.6% and specificity of 88.2%. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicated that cervical dilatation, fetal presentation, and PLR were valuable predictors of cerclage failure in singleton pregnancies with a history of PTB and a sonographic short cervix. The results can be potentially used to assess the prognosis of patients after cerclage and alert clinicians to consider enhanced surveillance and administration of individuals at an increased risk.


Assuntos
Cerclagem Cervical , Nascimento Prematuro , Colo do Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia
14.
Insect Sci ; 29(1): 21-32, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33860620

RESUMO

With the wide application of genome editing in insects, a simple and efficient identification method is urgently needed to meet the increasing demand for mutation detection. Here, taking migratory locusts as a model system, we developed a non-invasive method to accurately identify genome-edited mutants by using DNA from insect exuviae. We compared the quantity and quality of genomic DNA from exuviae in five instar hoppers and found that the 1st instar exuviae had the highest DNA yield and content, while the 3rd instar exuviae had the best quality. Consensus genotypes were identified from genomic DNA of hoppers at different developmental stages in the same individuals. Moreover, we demonstrated that the amplification products from DNA extracted from locust exuviae are the consensus sequences with those from the hemolymph and foreleg pre-tarsus. Therefore, non-invasive samples provide the same genotyping results as minimally invasive and invasive samples of the same individuals. Furthermore, this identification method that uses genomic DNA from exuviae can be used for early screening of positive genome-edited individuals in each generation for adult crossing. In our study, the non-invasive identification method was not only simpler and provided results earlier than existing methods, but also had a better reproducibility and accuracy. This non-invasive identification approach using genomic DNA from exuviae can be adapted to meet the growing demand for genetic analysis and will find wide application in insect genome editing research.


Assuntos
Edição de Genes , Insetos , Animais , DNA , Genoma , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
15.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 158(3): 689-699, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34865214

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore independent factors influencing the risk of lower extremity deep vein thrombosis during the postoperative period in patients with gynecological malignancies by constructing a predictive model. METHODS: In our study, we collected 573 patients with gynecological malignancies in the postoperative period between September 2016 and September 2020, who were divided into a modeling (n = 402) and verification group (n = 171) according to a ratio of 7:3. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses were used to determine independent factors influencing deep vein thrombosis (DVT). A nomogram model was created and a risk score was calculated. RESULTS: Multivariate regression analysis showed that the independent factors affecting DVT among these patients included age, hyperlipidemia, abnormal uterine bleeding, degree of anemia, D-dimer, operation time, and intraoperative blood loss. By incorporating these factors into a nomogram, we determined that the C-index and calibration curve of the two groups both showed that the model distinguishes and fits well. Further comparing between the high- and low-risk groups, we found that the model has favorable predictive performance. CONCLUSION: The predictive nomogram for the risk of DVT in patients with gynecological malignancies in the postoperative period demonstrated good calibration and recognition accuracy. Further independent research is necessary to verify our results.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos , Tromboembolia Venosa , Trombose Venosa , Feminino , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/cirurgia , Humanos , Nomogramas , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia , Trombose Venosa/epidemiologia , Trombose Venosa/etiologia
16.
Zootaxa ; 4995(3): 492-504, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34810555

RESUMO

A checklist of 166 species and subspecies from 62 genera, 15 subfamilies, 5 families and 2 superfamilies of Gryllidea, is recorded from Yunnan Province of China, based on the published data and accumulated material. The detailed distribution of most species is provided in Yunnan Province. Mitius eryuanensis Yuan, Xie Liu sp. nov. is described as new species.


Assuntos
Gryllidae , Ortópteros , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , China , Tamanho do Órgão
17.
Front Oncol ; 11: 705455, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34646764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common primary intracranial tumor and originates from the small pool of adult neural stem and progenitor cells (NSPCs). According to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of brain tumors, gliomas are classified into grades I-IV, and GBM is defined as the highest grade (IV). GBM can be disseminated by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), but extracranial metastasis is rare. Additionally, the pathway and mechanism involved remain unclear. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a rare case of left temporal lobe GBM with multiple bone metastases and soft tissue metastasis. This 49-year-old right-handed man who was diagnosed with GBM underwent surgery on May 9, 2017, followed by radiochemotherapy in June 2017. On August 13, 2019, local relapse was found. Then, the patient received a second surgery but not radiochemotherapy. In November 2019, the patient was reported to be suffering from low back pain for nearly 1 month. On December 6, 2019, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the thoracolumbar vertebrae and abdominal computed tomography (CT) confirmed metastases on the ninth posterior rib on the right, the third anterior rib on the left, and the T7 and T10 vertebrae and their appendages. CT-guided rib space-occupying puncture biopsy was performed, and GBM was identified by pathology. CONCLUSION: We should pay attention to extracranial metastasis of GBM. Timely detection and early treatment improve overall quality of patients' life. The extracranial metastasis in this patient may have occurred through the spinal nerve root or intercostal nerve. Further clinical observations are required to clarify the pathway and mechanism involved.

18.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(8): 937-40, 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369709

RESUMO

Focusing on the original text record in Huangdi Neijing (Inner Canon of Yellow Emperor), the relevant theories of "Tianyou (TE 16) and five regions" are explored, e.g. acupoint names, meridians and acupoint features, and the clinical application of these acupoints has been analyzed. It is discovered that "Tianyou (TE 16) and five regions" are mainly used in treatment of the disorders in the nervous system, five sensory organs and motor system. Besides, in terms of the relevant theories, "Tianyou (TE 16) and five regions" has been compared with "root and knot" and "twelve divergent meridians". It is found that "Tianyou (TE 16) and five regions" communicates the externally-internally related meridians and is applicable in treatment of the disorders with both exterior and interior involved. It is the essential acupoint composition of the human body.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Meridianos , Pontos de Acupuntura , Corpo Humano , Humanos
19.
Ann Hematol ; 100(12): 2961-2968, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34331111

RESUMO

This study aimed to identify the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) of cyclophosphamide when combined with bortezomib and fludarabine (B-FC) in a phase 1b trial, and to assess the efficacy and safety of this combination in a phase 2 trial in patients with relapsed or refractory MCL (rrMCL). Forty patients were enrolled between April 8, 2011, and October 10, 2015. The MTD of cyclophosphamide was identified to be 250 mg/m2 days 1-2. At a median follow-up of 31.6 months (13.5-47.4), among 32 patients in phase 2, 10 (31%) had a complete response and 13 (41%) had a partial response. The median progression-free survival was 21 months (95% CI 7.3-34.7), and the median overall survival was 32.4 months (95% CI 17.8-47.0). Grade 3-4 hematologic AEs included neutropenia (27%) and thrombocytopenia (39%). The B-FC regimen has satisfactory responses and manageable toxicities in rrMCL patients (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01322776).


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bortezomib/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/tratamento farmacológico , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Bortezomib/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dose Máxima Tolerável , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento , Vidarabina/efeitos adversos , Vidarabina/uso terapêutico
20.
Curr Microbiol ; 78(8): 3277-3284, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34081182

RESUMO

The family Flavobacteriaceae forms a major branch within the phylum Bacteroidetes. Whole-genome sequence-based analysis could significantly improve the accuracy of taxonomic assignments. In this study, phylogenomic analyses were carried out to revisit the taxonomic status of a clade of the family Flavobacteriaceae. Taking genome-based phylogeny as the primary guideline and average amino acid identity and phenotypic information as supplements, the following taxonomic proposals were put forward: Arenitalea lutea should be reclassified into the genus Algibacter; Algibacter aquaticus should be reclassified into the genus Flavivirga; Jejuia pallidilutea and Algibacter aestuarii should be reclassified into the genus Hyunsoonleella; Algibacter alginicilyticus should be reclassified into the novel genus Pseudalgibacter gen. nov. This study builds up a solid framework for taxonomic decisions of a clade of the family Flavobacteriaceae and will contribute to further insights into the evolution of this family.


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae , Água do Mar , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
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