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1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 1724, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32015423

RESUMO

S100A12 belongs to the S100 family and acts as a vital regulator in different types of tumors. However, the function of S100A12 in thyroid carcinoma has not yet been investigated. In this study, we analyzed the expression of S100A12 in human papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) samples and two PTC cell lines. In addition, we explored the effects of S100A12 on PTC cell progression in vitro and in vivo. Our results showed that S100A12 was significantly upregulated in PTC specimens. Moreover, silencing S100A12 markedly inhibited PTC cell proliferation, migration, invasion and cell cycle progression. In addition, knockdown of S100A12 significantly reduced the expression of CyclinD1, CDK4 and p-ERK in PTC cells. An in vivo study also showed that silencing S100A12 dramatically suppressed tumor cell growth and decreased Ki67 expression in a xenograft mouse model. This study provides novel evidence that S100A12 serves as an oncogene in PTC. Knockdown of S100A12 suppressed PTC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion and induced G0/G1 phase arrest via the inhibition of the ERK signaling pathway. Therefore, S100A12 may be a potent therapeutic target for PTC.

2.
Colorectal Dis ; 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040248

RESUMO

AIM: Many studies have demonstrated predictors of the difficulty of laparoscopic anterior resection for rectal cancer. Few studies focus on the influence of pelvic dimensions on robotic-assisted mesorectal excision (ME) and intersphincteric resection (ISR). This study aimed to evaluate the influences of the mesorectal fat area (MFA) and mesorectal area on the difficulty of robotic sphincter-saving surgery. METHODS: We included 156 patients with middle and low rectal cancer who underwent robotic sphincter-saving surgery. Clinical and anatomical factors, including the pelvic dimensions, were collected. Linear regression was performed for variables associated with surgical duration. We also performed subgroup analyses for robotic-assisted ME and ISR. Logistic regression was used to find variables associated with transanal dissection. RESULTS: For patients with middle or low rectal cancer, the sacral length and tumour distance from the anal verge were independently associated with surgical duration. The pT stage, sacral length, and the MFA were independent predictors for the surgical duration of robotic-assisted ME. By contrast, a small mesorectal area was independently related to a longer duration of robotic-assisted ISR. The pelvic outlet length was independently associated with the use of transanal dissection for ISR. CONCLUSION: It is suggested that a large MFA could affect the difficulty of mesorectal excision in robotic-assisted ME, while a small mesorectal area could increase the surgical difficulty of robotic-assisted ISR for low rectal cancer. Besides, the pelvic outlet length was associated with the use of transanal dissection. Further studies are needed to validate the results and draw more scientific conclusions.

3.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32002578

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polyacrylamide hydrogel (PAAG) was once used as an important injection for breast augmentation though it has been banned in China for more than 10 years. Secondary breast deformity after removing PAAG poses a challenging problem. The aim of this article is to introduce types of breast deformity induced by two types of PAAG based on MRI examination and corresponding treatment strategies. METHODS: From 2008 to 2017, 300 patients with the history of injectable PAAG were reviewed. From their medical history, two types of PAAG injections were imported Interfall and domestic Amazingel, 182 patients received Interfall injection and 118 patients received Amazingel injection. MRI was used as a regular examination preoperatively. According to MRI examinations, breast deformities were classified into nodular type, flow type and mixed type. RESULTS: All of them underwent PAAG removal operations. In the 182 patients with Interfall injection: There were only 5 cases of nodular type, 3 cases received immediate breast augmentation and 2 cases received second-stage breast augmentation, and none of cases received breast augmentation; there were 170 cases of flow type, 165 cases received immediate breast augmentation and 5 cases received second-stage breast augmentation, and none of cases received breast augmentation; there were 7 cases of mixed type, 5 cases received immediate breast augmentation, 1 case received second-stage breast augmentation and 1 case did not receive breast augmentation; in the 118 patients with Amazingel injection: There were 111 cases of nodular type, 20 cases received immediate breast augmentation, 51 cases received second-stage breast augmentation and 40 cases did not receive breast augmentation; there were 4 cases of flow type, 2 cases received immediate breast augmentation, 1 case received second-stage breast augmentation and 1 case did not receive breast augmentation; there were 2 cases of mixed type, 1 case received second-stage breast augmentation and 1 case did not receive breast augmentation, and none of cases received immediate breast augmentation . CONCLUSIONS: Breast deformity induced by two types of PAAG can be classified into three types based on MRI examinations, which is very critical for preoperative evaluation and classification. Each type of deformity has its own characteristics, which serves as a guide for whether a first-stage or a second-stage prosthesis implant can be implemented. The proportion of patients who can have breast augmentation in the first or second phase after injection of Interfall is significantly higher than that of patients who have injections of Amazingel. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266.

4.
Exp Cell Res ; : 111856, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31981591

RESUMO

CES-2 (carboxylesterase-2) belongs to the carboxylesterase gene family, which plays crucial roles in lipid mobilization and chemosensitivity to irinotecan. However, its role in chemosensitivity to oxaliplatin (L-OHP) remains unclear. Herein, L-OHP-resistant cells (HCT-116L and RKOL) were established by increasing the concentration of L-OHP. The results showed that CES2 expression was upregulated in L-OHP-resistant tissues and cells lines (both P < 0.01). Low expression of CES2 correlated with a better survival, and the results were further confirmed in the R2 platform: a biologist friendly web-based genomics analysis and visualization application. Downregulation of CES2 suppressed cell proliferation, induced apoptosis and reversed L-OHP resistance by medicating the PI3K signaling pathway in L-OHP-resistant cells. However, both PI3K inhibitor (LY294002) and activator (IGF-1) could not medicate CES2 expression. These findings indicated that CES2 may be utilized as a novel biomarker and therapeutic target for L-OHP resistance in CRC treatment.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31976903

RESUMO

In this study, we presented an optimal Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) drive pattern based on feature selection and model explanation, and proposed a portable EIT system for applications in human-computer interaction for gesture recognition and contact detection, which can reduce the measurement time and realize a performance trade-off between the accuracy and the time response. In our experiment, eleven hand gestures were designed to verify the proposed approach and EIT system. Compared to the traditional eight-electrode method, the optimal electrode drive pattern achieved a recognition accuracy of 97.5% with seven electrodes and the measurement time was reduced by 60%. To illustrate the universality of this method, we performed a contact detection experiment. By setting seven labels on the conductive panel and using optimal electrode drive pattern, the detection accuracy reached 100% with seven electrodes and the measurement time was reduced by 85%.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31992641

RESUMO

The olfactory system receives extensive serotonergic inputs from the dorsal raphe, a nucleus involved in control of behavior, regulation of mood, and modulation of sensory processing. Although many studies have investigated how serotonin modulates the olfactory bulb, few have focused on the anterior piriform cortex (aPC), a region important for olfactory learning and encoding of odor identity and intensity. Specifically, the mechanism and functional significance of serotonergic modulation of the aPC remain largely unknown. Here we used pharmacologic, optogenetic, and fiber photometry techniques to examine the serotonergic modulation of neural activity in the aPC in vitro and in vivo. We found that serotonin (5-HT) reduces the excitability of pyramidal neurons directly via 5-HT2C receptors, phospholipase C, and calcium-activated potassium (BK) channels. Furthermore, endogenous serotonin attenuates odor-evoked calcium responses in aPC pyramidal neurons. These findings identify the mechanism underlying serotonergic modulation of the aPC and shed light on its potential role.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31995466

RESUMO

Three aerobic, asymbiotic, N2-fixing bacterial strains, designated P205T, P204 and P207, were isolated from a paddy soil in Yanting County, China. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, the three strains were closely related to Azotobacter chroococcum IAM 12666T (=ATCC 9043T) (99.00-99.79 % similarities). Strain P205T formed an individual branch distinct from the other two newly isolated strains and other related type strains in phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene and 92 core genes. The average nucleotide identity (ANI), average amino acid identity (AAI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values based on genome sequences of strain P205T and A. chroococcum ATCC 9043T, P204, P207 were near or slightly higher than the thresholds for species circumscription (95-96, 95-96 and 70 %, respectively), and the dDDH values were significantly lower than the threshold for delineating subspecies (79-80 %), which strongly supported that strain P205T belonged to A. chroococcum but was a novel subspecies distinct from the type strain of A. chroococcum. This finding was further corroborated by distinct phenotypic characteristics such as growth in Luria-Bertani (LB) medium, carbon source utilization and chemical sensitivity to vancomycin. Therefore, strain P205T represents a novel subspecies of Azotobacter chroococcum, for which the name Azotobacter chroococcum subsp. isscasi subsp. nov. is proposed with the type strain P205T (=KCTC 72233T=CGMCC 1.16846T=CCTCC AB 2019080T). The subspecies Azotobacter chroococcum subsp. chroococcum subsp. nov. is created automatically with the type strain ATCC 9043T (=DSM 2286T=JCM 20725T=JCM 21503T=LMG 8756T=NBRC 102613T=NCAIM B.01391T=NRRL B-14346T=VKM B-1616T).

8.
Am J Pathol ; 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31972158

RESUMO

Ischemia due to hypoperfusion is one of the most common forms of acute kidney injury. We hypothesized that kidney hypoxia initiates the up-regulation of miR-218 expression in endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) to guide endocapillary repair. Murine renal artery-derived EPCs (CD34+/CD105-) showed down-regulation of mmu-Mir218-5p/U6 RNA ratio after ischemic injury, while in human renal arteries, MIR218-5p expression was up-regulated after ischemic injury. MIR218 expression was clarified in cell culture experiments in which increases in both SLIT3 and MIR218-2-5p expressions were observed after 5 minutes of hypoxia. ROBO1 transcript, a downstream target of MIR218-2-5p, showed inverse expression to MIR218-2-5p. EPCs transfected with a MIR218-5p inhibitor in three-dimensional normoxic culture showed premature capillary formation. Organized progenitor cell movement was reconstituted when cells were co-transfected with Dicer siRNA and low-dose Mir218-5p mimic. A Mir218-2 knockout was generated to assess the significance of miR-218-2 in a mammalian model. Mir218-2-5p expression was decreased in Mir218-2-/- embryos at E16.5. Mir218-2-/- decreased CD34+ angioblasts in the ureteric bud at E16.5 and were nonviable. Mir218-2+/- decreased peritubular capillary density at postnatal day 14 and increased serum creatinine after ischemia in adult mice. Systemic injection of miR-218-5p decreased serum creatinine after injury. These experiments demonstrate that miR-218 expression can be triggered by hypoxia and modulates EPC migration in the kidney.

9.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0227676, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31935257

RESUMO

Zika virus infection during pregnancy is associated with miscarriage and with a broad spectrum of fetal and neonatal developmental abnormalities collectively known as congenital Zika syndrome (CZS). Symptomology of CZS includes malformations of the brain and skull, neurodevelopmental delay, seizures, joint contractures, hearing loss and visual impairment. Previous studies of Zika virus in pregnant rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) have described injury to the developing fetus and pregnancy loss, but neonatal outcomes following fetal Zika virus exposure have yet to be characterized in nonhuman primates. Herein we describe the presentation of rhesus macaque neonates with a spectrum of clinical outcomes, including one infant with CZS-like symptoms including cardiomyopathy, motor delay and seizure activity following maternal infection with Zika virus during the first trimester of pregnancy. Further characterization of this neonatal nonhuman primate model of gestational Zika virus infection will provide opportunities to evaluate the efficacy of pre- and postnatal therapeutics for gestational Zika virus infection and CZS.

10.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 2020 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31981296

RESUMO

The cell wall of filamentous fungi, comprised of chitin, polysaccharide and glycoproteins, maintain the integrity of hyphae and protect them from defense responses by potential host plants. Here we report that one polysaccharide deacetylase of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), Pst_13661 suppresses Bax-induced cell death in plants and Pst_13661 is highly induced during early stages of the interaction between wheat and Pst. Importantly, the transgenic wheat expressing the RNA interference (RNAi) construct of Pst_13661 exhibits high resistance to major Pst epidemic races CYR31, CYR32 and CYR33 by inhibiting growth and development of Pst, indicating that Pst_13661 is an available pathogenicity factor and is a potential target for generating broad-spectrum resistance breeding material of wheat. It forms a homo-polymer and has high affinity for chitin and germ tubes of Pst compared with the control. Besides, Pst_13661 suppresses chitin-induced plant defense in plants. Hence, we infer that Pst_13661 may modify the fungal cell wall to prevent recognition by apoplastic surveillance systems in plants. This study opens new approaches for developing durable disease-resistant germplasm by disturbing the growth and development of fungi and develop novel strategies to control crop diseases.

11.
Mol Plant Microbe Interact ; : MPMI09190257R, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31821091

RESUMO

In Arabidopsis, both pathogen invasion and benzothiadiazole (BTH) treatment activate the nonexpresser of pathogenesis-related genes 1 (NPR1)-mediated systemic acquired resistance, which provides broad-spectrum disease resistance to secondary pathogen infection. However, the BTH-induced resistance in Triticeae crops of wheat and barley seems to be accomplished through an NPR1-independent pathway. In the current investigation, we applied transcriptome analysis on barley transgenic lines overexpressing wheat wNPR1 (wNPR1-OE) and knocking down barley HvNPR1 (HvNPR1-Kd) to reveal the role of NPR1 during the BTH-induced resistance. Most of the previously designated barley chemical-induced (BCI) genes were upregulated in an NPR1-independent manner, whereas the expression levels of several pathogenesis-related (PR) genes were elevated upon BTH treatment only in wNPR1-OE. Two barley WRKY transcription factors, HvWRKY6 and HvWRKY70, were predicted and further validated as key regulators shared by the BTH-induced resistance and the NPR1-mediated acquired resistance. Wheat transgenic lines overexpressing HvWRKY6 and HvWRKY70 showed different degrees of enhanced resistance to Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici pathotype CYR32 and Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici pathotype E20. In conclusion, the transcriptional changes of BTH-induced resistance in barley were initially profiled, and the identified key regulators would be valuable resources for the genetic improvement of broad-spectrum disease resistance in wheat.[Formula: see text] Copyright © 2020 The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 International license.

12.
Neuroimage ; 206: 116310, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669303

RESUMO

Recent advances in image reconstruction techniques have enabled high resolution MRI studies of fetal brain development in human subjects. Rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) are valuable animal models for use in studies of fetal brain development due to the similarities between this species and humans in brain development and anatomy. There is a need to develop fetal brain templates for the rhesus macaque to facilitate the characterization of the normal brain growth trajectory and departures from this trajectory in rhesus models of neurodevelopmental disorders. Here we have developed unbiased population-based anatomical T2-weighted, fractional anisotropy (FA) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) templates for fetal brain from MR images scanned at 3 time points over the second and third trimesters of the 168 day gestational term. Specifically, atlas images are constructed for brains at gestational ages of 85 days (G85, N = 18, 9 females), 110 days (G110, N = 10, 7 females) and 135 days (G135, N = 16, 7 females). We utilized this atlas to perform segmentation of fetal brain MR images and fetal brain volumetric and microstructure analysis. The T2-weighted template images facilitated characterization of the growth within six fetal brain regions. The template images of diffusion tensor indices provided information related to the maturation of white matter tracts. These growth trajectories are referenced to human studies of fetal brain development. Similarities in the temporal and regional patterns of brain growth over the corresponding periods of central nervous system development are identified between the two species. Atlas images are available online as a reference for registration, reconstruction, segmentation, and for longitudinal analysis of early fetal brain growth over this unique time window.

13.
Surg Endosc ; 34(1): 268-274, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31346748

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach (TOETVA) and total endoscopic thyroidectomy via areola approach (ETA) are commonly used endoscopic thyroidectomy approaches. This study compares the effectiveness of these approaches with conventional open thyroidectomy (COT) in terms of safety, associated trauma, and feasibility of central neck dissection in the treatment of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). METHODS: This retrospective study included patients who underwent TOETVA (n = 100), ETA (n = 119), and COT (n = 289). All patients had a pathological diagnosis of PTC and underwent unilateral lobectomy and central neck dissection. We analyzed operative time, postoperative drainage volume, postoperative C-reactive protein (CRP), preoperative and postoperative white blood cell (WBC) count and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels, parathyroid damage, hoarseness, total number of central lymph nodes, and number of metastatic central lymph nodes. RESULTS: The clinical characteristics across the three groups were similar except for patient sex and age. There was a higher proportion of young women in the TOETVA and ETA groups than in the COT group. There were significant differences between the three groups regarding operative time (P = 0.000), postoperative drainage volume (P = 0.000), postoperative CRP (P = 0.000), ∆WBC (P = 0.000), and length of postoperative hospital stay (P = 0.021); in the TOETVA and ETA groups, operative time (P = 0.445), postoperative drainage volume (P = 0.677), and length of postoperative hospital stay (P = 0.145) were not significantly different. The percentage of cases with parathyroid gland damage (P = 0.459) and hoarseness (P > 0.05) was similar in all groups. All three procedures were efficient in performing a central lymph node dissection. CONCLUSIONS: Although considered more traumatic, TOETVA and ETA are both safe treatment options for PTC. They can both achieve similar therapeutic effects of central neck dissection in the treatment of PTC when compared with open surgery.

14.
Br J Sports Med ; 54(1): 23-26, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30988018

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe ocular injuries caused by badminton and to explore the implications for future prevention strategies. METHODS: We enrolled 85 patients with ocular trauma caused by badminton. Information collected from patients included type of game, instigator, instrument of injury and lessons in badminton from a professional, and ocular trauma information such as type of injury, treatment and final outcomes. RESULTS: The 85 patients (52 men, 33 women) were aged 15-65 years with an average age of 42.9 (±10.7) years. In 60 cases the player was hit by a shuttlecock and in 25 the player was hit by a racquet. 73 cases occurred in doubles matches and 10 in singles matches. In 31 cases the trauma was caused by an opponent and in 52 cases by a partner; 2 cases involved bystanders, not players. About 70% (43/61) of the injured and 82% (40/49) of the instigators had not received badminton lessons from a professional. 80 injuries were non-penetrating and 5 were penetrating. There were 58 cases with hyphaema, 36 with secondary glaucoma, 23 with lens subluxation and 2 with retinal detachment. Surgery comprised phacoemulsification or lensectomy and vitrectomy in 16 cases, silicone oil tamponade in 2 cases, trabeculectomy in 3 cases and direct cyclopexy in 5 cases. CONCLUSION: The vast majority of the badminton related eye injuries occurred among doubles players and were instigated by the injured person's partner. Non-penetrating injury was more frequent; penetrating injury was usually more serious. We recommend that badminton players use protective eyewear and receive safety education and professional coaching/instruction on techniques to protect against serious eye injuries.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Oculares/etiologia , Traumatismos Oculares/prevenção & controle , Esportes com Raquete/lesões , Adolescente , Adulto , Traumatismos Oculares/complicações , Traumatismos Oculares/cirurgia , Ferimentos Oculares Penetrantes/complicações , Ferimentos Oculares Penetrantes/etiologia , Ferimentos Oculares Penetrantes/prevenção & controle , Ferimentos Oculares Penetrantes/cirurgia , Dispositivos de Proteção dos Olhos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/complicações , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/etiologia , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/prevenção & controle , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
15.
Mol Plant Pathol ; 21(1): 83-94, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774224

RESUMO

As an obligate parasite, Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst) forms haustoria to obtain nutrients from plant cells for development, and these structures are essential for pathogen survival. To better understand the contribution of haustoria to the interactions with the host plants, we isolated haustoria from susceptible wheat leaves infected with Pst race CYR31 and sequenced their transcriptome as well as those of urediospores and germ tubes, and compared the three transcriptomes. A total of 3524 up-regulated genes were obtained from haustoria, of which 73 genes were related to thiamine biosynthesis, glycolysis and lipid metabolic processes. Silencing seven of the genes reduced the growth and development of Pst in wheat. More interestingly, 1197 haustorial secreted proteins (HASPs) were detected in haustoria, accounting for 34% of the total proteins, indicating that these HASPs play important roles in haustorium-mediated pathogenic progression. Furthermore, 69 HASPs were able to suppress Bax-triggered programmed cell death in tobacco. Additionally, 46 HASPs significantly reduced callose deposition in wheat using the type III secretion system. This study identified a large number of effectors through transcriptome sequencing, and the results revealed components of metabolic pathways that impact the growth and colonization of the pathogen and indicate essential functions of haustoria in the growth and pathogenicity of Pst.

16.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5571, 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804478

RESUMO

Chloroplasts are important for photosynthesis and for plant immunity against microbial pathogens. Here we identify a haustorium-specific protein (Pst_12806) from the wheat stripe rust fungus, Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), that is translocated into chloroplasts and affects chloroplast function. Transient expression of Pst_12806 inhibits BAX-induced cell death in tobacco plants and reduces Pseudomonas-induced hypersensitive response in wheat. It suppresses plant basal immunity by reducing callose deposition and the expression of defense-related genes. Pst_12806 is upregulated during infection, and its knockdown (by host-induced gene silencing) reduces Pst growth and development, likely due to increased ROS accumulation. Pst_12806 interacts with the C-terminal Rieske domain of the wheat TaISP protein (a putative component of the cytochrome b6-f complex). Expression of Pst_12806 in plants reduces electron transport rate, photosynthesis, and production of chloroplast-derived ROS. Silencing TaISP by virus-induced gene silencing in a susceptible wheat cultivar reduces fungal growth and uredinium development, suggesting an increase in resistance against Pst infection.

17.
Ann Clin Lab Sci ; 49(6): 730-739, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882423

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: By in silico analysis of colon cancer data from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, we develop a prognostic signature to improve the stratification of high-risk stage II colon cancer patients. METHOD: RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) data from 187 stage II colon cancer patients was obtained from the TCGA data portal. We excluded cases without a sufficient amount of survival data (n=21), leaving 166 stage II colon cancer patients to be selected for further survival analysis. Differentially expressed lncRNAs and miRNAs were unveiled by the edgeR package of R. A comprehensive ceRNAs regulatory network was constructed using the Cytoscape. Cox regression analysis was performed to screen prognostic RNAs and develop a prognostic signature. The Multi Experiment Matrix and Gene Ontology were undertaken to assess the prognostic lncRNA MIR31HG function. RESULTS: The multivariate analysis indicates that 2 lncRNAs (WASIR2 and MIR31HG) and 2 miRNAs (hsa-mir-200a and hsa-mir-155) exhibited an independently significant prognostic value for stage II colon cancer. The 4 lncRNA-miRNA signatures for predicting the overall survival (OS) was constructed with the formula: Risk score=exp WASIR2*(0.213)+exp MIR31HG*(0.152)+exp hsa-mir-200a*(-0.329)+exp hsa-mir-155*(0.300). The area under the curve in the receiver operating characteristic analysis was 0.810. Kaplan-Meier survival curves confirm that the low-risk group had a low death rate, with a 5-year OS rate at 87.7%. However, the high-risk group had a low 5-year OS of 23.1% (P=0.000). The correlative genes of MIR31HG were found to be enriched in the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition pathway, and the VEGFR3 signaling in lymphatic endothelium pathways. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that the 4 lncRNA-miRNA prognostic signature could be a marker for survival of stage II colon cancer patients.

18.
Mol Metab ; 30: 250-263, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767176

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Globally, diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease. As the most common microvascular complication of diabetes, DKD is a thorny, clinical problem in terms of its diagnosis and management. Intensive glucose control in DKD could slow down but not significantly halt disease progression. Revisiting the tremendous advances that have occurred in the field would enhance recognition of DKD pathogenesis as well as improve our understanding of translational science in DKD in this new era. SCOPE OF REVIEW: In this review, we summarize advances in the understanding of the local microenvironmental changes in diabetic kidneys and discuss the involvement of genetic and epigenetic factors in the pathogenesis of DKD. We also review DKD prevalence changes and analyze the challenges in optimizing the diagnostic approaches and management strategies for DKD in the clinic. As we enter the era of 'big data', we also explore the possibility of linking systems biology with translational medicine in DKD in the current healthcare system. MAJOR CONCLUSION: Newer understanding of the structural changes of diabetic kidneys and mechanisms of DKD pathogenesis, as well as emergent research technologies will shed light on new methods of dealing with the existing clinical challenges of DKD.

19.
Twin Res Hum Genet ; : 1-4, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31708009

RESUMO

The Chinese National Twin Registry (CNTR), initiated in 2001, has now become the largest twin registry in Asia. From 2015 to 2018, the CNTR continued to receive Chinese government funding and had recruited 61,566 twin-pairs by 2019 to study twins discordant for specific exposures such as environmental factors, and twins discordant for disease outcomes or measures of morbidity. Omic data, including genetics, genomics, metabolomics, and proteomics, and gut microbiome will be tested. The integration of omics and digital technologies in public health will advance our understanding of precision public health. This review introduces the updates of the CNTR, including study design, sample size, biobank, zygosity assessment, advances in research and future systems epidemiologic research.

20.
Environ Sci Technol ; 53(22): 13495-13505, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644877

RESUMO

Biomass, a renewable energy source, via available thermo-chemical processes has both engineering and environmental advantages. However, the understanding of the kinetics, evolved gases, and mechanisms for biomass pyrolysis is limited. We first propose a novel temperature response mechanism for the pyrolysis of sugar cane residue using thermogravimetric analysis-Fourier transform infrared spectrometry-mass spectrometry (TG-FTIR-MS) combined with Gaussian model and two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (2D COS). The existence and contribution of distinct peaks in TG-FTIR spectra were innovatively distinguished and quantified, and the temperature-dependent dynamics of gas amounts were determined using Gaussian deconvolution. The 2D-TG-FTIR/MS-COS results revealed for the first time that the primary sequential temperature responses of gases occurred in the order: H2O/CH4 > phenols/alkanes/aromatics/alcohols > carboxylic acids/ketones > CO2/ethers > aldehyde groups/acetaldehyde. Subtle sequential changes even occurred within the same gases during pyrolysis. The quantity dynamics and sequential responses of gases were fitted to the combined effects of the order-based, diffusion, and chemical reaction mechanisms for the component degradation. The combination of TG-FTIR-MS, Gaussian model, and 2D COS is a promising approach for the online monitoring and real-time management of biomass pyrolysis, providing favorable strategies for pyrolysis optimization, byproduct recovery, energy generation, and gas emission control in engineering and environmental applications.


Assuntos
Gases , Saccharum , Biomassa , Cinética , Pirólise , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Termogravimetria
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