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1.
J Inflamm Res ; 14: 5619-5632, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34764667

RESUMO

Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the differences in the immune microenvironment between HBV-infected pregnant women with a high HBV viral load and healthy pregnant women, with an emphasis on T cell subset alteration. Patients and Methods: We compared the differences of cellular and molecular signatures between HBV-infected and healthy pregnant women by performing single-cell RNA and T cell receptor sequencing of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 51,836 women in the mid-trimester pregnancy stage. Specific trajectories of the different T clusters throughout the course of T cell differentiation were investigated. Flow cytometry was used to validate the proportion of different T cell subtypes. Results: We identified nine cellular subtypes and found an increased proportion of effector/memory CD8+ T cells in HBV-infected pregnant women. Both CD4+ and CD8+ effector/memory T cells in HBV-related samples expressed higher levels of metallothionein (MT)-related genes (MT2A, MTIE, MTIF, MTIX), metal ion pathways, and multiple inflammatory responses. Among CD8+ T cell clusters, we identified a particular subset of effector/memory CD8+ T cells (CD8-cluster 2) with MTs as the top-ranking genes, which may be enriched in HBV-related samples. These cells showed an increased clonal expansion in HBV infection. Moreover, we found more active immune responses, according to cellular interaction patterns, between immune cell subsets in HBV-infected samples. Conclusion: This study shows significant differences between HBV-infected and healthy samples, including cell clusters, dominant gene sets, T cell function, clonal expansion, and V/J gene usage of T cell clonotypes, and identifies a distinct CD8+ T cell cluster with immune-active and antiviral properties. These findings pave the way for a deeper understanding of the impact of HBV infection on the immune microenvironment during pregnancy.

2.
J Clin Neurosci ; 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34840094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The association between carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and cognitive function remains controversial, and whether this relationship is affected by intracranial artery stenosis (ICAS) remains unclear. We investigated these questions among elderly participants who sought health consultations in an outpatient clinic. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study based on participants from an outpatient clinic, enrolling residents over 60 years of age seeking outpatient services because of abnormal transcranial Doppler reports at Shandong Provincial Third Hospital in Jinan, Shandong province. We performed physical examinations, blood tests, cIMT measurement using carotid ultrasonography, ICAS measurement using brain magnetic resonance angiography scanning, and global cognitive function assessment using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA)in the outpatient clinic from May 2020 to December 2020. We subsequently performed a regression analysis to explore the relationship between cIMT and cognitive function and a stratified analysis to explore whether the relationship was different between the ICAS and non-ICAS participants. RESULTS: In total, 167 participants (age: 65.56 ± 10.39 years, female: 53.89%) were included in the present study. The MoCA score was significantly lower in the intimal thickening group (cIMT ≥ 1.0 mm) than in the normal group (mean [SD]: 16.23 [5.16] vs. 19.97 [4.59], P < 0.001). Univariate analysis showed that a greater cIMT was negatively correlated with cognitive function. After adjustment for several potential confounders in the multivariable analyses, the association between cIMT and cognitive function disappeared. When further stratified by ICAS, a negative association between increased cIMT (cIMT ≥ 1.0 mm) and cognitive function was found in those without ICAS (ß: -2.80 [-5.13, -0.48], p = 0.021); however, in subjects with ICAS, the relationship between cIMT and cognitive function was insignificant. CONCLUSION: Greater cIMT was associated with low cognitive function in participants without ICAS who sought consultation due to abnormal transcranial Doppler reports in outpatient clinics.

3.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 579: 168-174, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607170

RESUMO

Rosiglitazone, a specific agonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ), displays a robust hypoglycemic action in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and elicits serious adverse reactions, especially hepatotoxicity and cardiotoxicity. Here, we aims to find a new natural PPAR-γ agonist with less adverse reactions than rosiglitazone in db/db mice. The method of virtual screening was used to identify a PPAR-γ agonist 18:0 Lyso PC from an in-house natural product library. We verified its pharmacological effects and adverse reactions comparing with rosiglitazone in vivo and in vitro. 18:0 Lyso PC exhibited pharmacological effects similar to those of rosiglitazone in db/db mice. Moreover, 18:0 Lyso PC showed a lower extent of liver injury and cardiotoxicity in db/db mice. The mechanism, by which this natural compound alleviates metabolic syndrome, involves a reduction in fatty acid synthesis mediated by activation of the phosphorylation of adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase-alpha (AMPKα) and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) and an increase expression of uncoupled protein 1 (UCP1) and PPAR-γ coactivator-1 alpha (PGC1-α). 18:0 Lyso PC, a natural compound, can show a similar hypoglycemic effect to rosiglitazone by activating PPAR-γ, while eliciting markedly fewer adverse reactions than rosiglitazone.

4.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 9(10)2021 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34696192

RESUMO

Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED), which is caused by the porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), has occurred worldwide and poses a serious threat to the pig industry. Intestine is the main function site of PEDV; therefore, it is important to develop an oral mucosal immunity vaccine against this virus infection. Most traditional plasmid delivery vectors use antibiotic genes as a selective marker, easily leading to antibiotic accumulation and gene contamination. In this study, to explore whether the alanine racemase gene (Alr) could be used as a screening marker and develop an efficient oral vaccine against PEDV infection, a recombinant strain was constructed using Lactobacillus casei with Alr deletion (L. casei ΔAlr W56) to deliver the Alr gene and a core-neutralizing epitope (COE) antigen. This recombinant bacterium efficiently induced secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA)-based mucosal and immunoglobulin G (IgG)-based humoral immune responses via oral vaccination in mice. Compared to the other strains, the recombinant bacteria were able to grow without the addition of D-alanine, revealing that Alr in the plasmid could function normally in defective bacteria. This oral mucosal vaccine would provide a useful strategy to substitute the application of antibiotics in the future and induce efficient immune responses against PEDV infection.

5.
Exp Ther Med ; 22(6): 1416, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34676009

RESUMO

Congenital hydrocephalus is frequently caused by mutations in the L1 cell adhesion molecule (L1CAM) gene. The purpose of the present study was to identify possible causes of fetal hydrocephalus in a Chinese family. The samples from the parents and the hydrocephalic fetus were collected. Whole-exome sequencing and in-depth mutation analysis were performed. The identified variant, c.1267C>T.(p.Q423X), is situated on exon 11 of L1CAM gene (chromosome X:153134975). The fetus was confirmed to be hemizygous for the nonsense mutation and the mother was a heterozygous carrier. The mutation turns a glutamine into a premature stop codon at amino acid position 423. In conclusion, in the present study, a nonsense mutation in the L1CAM gene was identified during the prenatal diagnosis of a congenital hydrocephalic fetus from a Chinese family. The diagnosis highlighted the necessity of genetic screening for prenatal diagnosis.

6.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 716916, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34676249

RESUMO

Objective: An effective clinical tool to assess endothelial function and arterial stiffness in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is lacking. This study evaluated the clinical significance of subclinical markers for OSA management in males without serious complications. Patients/Methods: Males without serious complications were consecutively recruited. Clinical data, biomarker tests, reactive hyperemia index (RHI), and augmentation index at 75 beats/min (AIx75) measured by peripheral arterial tonometry were collected. An apnea hypopnea index (AHI) cutoff of ≥15 events/h divided the patients into two groups. Results: Of the 75 subjects, 42 had an AHI ≥15 events/h. Patients with an AHI ≥15 events/h had higher high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), vascular endothelial growth factor, and AIx75 values than the control group but no statistical difference in RHI was observed. After controlling for confounders, TNF-α was negatively correlated with the average oxygen saturation (r = -0.258, P = 0.043). RHI was correlated with the rapid eye movement (REM) stage percentage (r = 0.306, P = 0.016) but not with AHI (P > 0.05). AIx75 was positively correlated with the arousal index (r = 0.289, P = 0.023) but not with AHI (r = 0.248, P = 0.052). Conclusions: In males with OSA without severe complications, TNF-α and AIx75 are independently related to OSA. The role of RHI in OSA management requires further elucidation. These markers combined can comprehensively evaluate OSA patients to provide more evidence for the primary prevention of coronary heart disease and treatment response assessment.

7.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 1165928, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34691352

RESUMO

Background: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is an important treatment option for various hematopoietic diseases and certain hereditary diseases. Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) has become the main life-threatening complication and cause of death in later stage postallo-HSCT. Current treatment options for cGVHD are limited. Hydrogen gas (H2) has been demonstrated that has antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and antifibrosis effects. The aim of this study was to confirm whether oral administration hydrogen-rich water exerted therapeutic effects on a scleroderma cGVHD mouse model and tried to explain the mechanism underly it. Methods: A mouse cGVHD model was established by haploidentical bone marrow transplantation. To evaluate therapeutic effects of H2 on cGVHD, survival rate, changes in clinical scores, and skin pathologic characteristics of cGVHD mice were observed. To evaluate its therapeutic mechanism, we detected the expression levels of antioxidative enzymes heme oxygenase-1(HO-1) and NAD (P)H: quinone acceptor oxidoreductase 1(NQO1) in skin homogenates. We also detected the expression level of the apoptotic protein caspase-3 in skin homogenates. Results: 1-month survival rate of cGVHD mice in the hydrogen group reached 93.3%, significantly higher than 66.7% in the nonhydrogen group (p < 0.05). Clinical score of cGVHD mice was improved by hydrogen-rich water at 96 days posttransplantation (2.2 versus 4.5, p < 0.05). The skin pathological condition of cGVHD mice was significantly improved by hydrogen-rich water. At 96 days posttransplantation, average skin pathological hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining score in the hydrogen group was 1.05, which was significantly lower than 3.2 in the nonhydrogen group (p < 0.01). Average Masson staining score was 0.6 point in the hydrogen group, lower than 0.9 point in the nonhydrogen group (p < 0.05). Both the relative expression levels of HO-1 and NQO1 proteins in skin specimens of cGVHD mice in the hydrogen group were lower than that in the nonhydrogen group (2.47 versus 6.21 and 1.83 versus 3.59, p < 0.05). The relative expression level of caspase-3 protein in skin specimens of cGVHD mice increased to 7.17 on the 96th day after transplantation, significantly higher than 4.36 in the hydrogen group. Conclusion: In this study, we found that oral hydrogen-rich water improved the survival rate and clinical symptoms of cGVHD mice by antioxidant and antiapoptosis. This study would pave the way for further clinical study, which may provide a new treatment option for cGVHD.

8.
Food Chem ; 373(Pt A): 131441, 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34715628

RESUMO

Gardenia yellow pigment (GYP) may undergo chemical degradation under different conditions resulting in color fading. This study investigated the effects of different phenolic compounds (caffeic acid, rosmarinic acid, tannic acid, epicatechin, chlorogenic acid, epigallocatechin, and epigallocatechin gallate) on the physical and chemical stability of GYP under light and different temperatures. Furthermore, food models with GYP/phenolic compounds were simulated to evaluate the GYP stability under different cooking methods. The addition of phenolic compounds, especially tannic acid, epigallocatechin gallate, epigallocatechin, and rosmarinic acid, significantly improved the GYP stability during light and thermal treatments. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy confirmed that the formation of hydrogen bonds between GYP and selected phenolic compounds (tannic acid, epigallocatechin gallate, epigallocatechin, and rosmarinic acid), which may lead to the enhancement of GYP stability. Moreover, these selected phenolic compounds provided potent protective effects on GYP under different cooking methods.

9.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34664670

RESUMO

The success of protein engineering and design has extensively expanded the protein space, which presents a promising strategy for creating next-generation proteins of diverse functions. Among these proteins, the synthetic binding proteins (SBPs) are smaller, more stable, less immunogenic, and better of tissue penetration than others, which make the SBP-related data attracting extensive interest from worldwide scientists. However, no database has been developed to systematically provide the valuable information of SBPs yet. In this study, a database named 'Synthetic Binding Proteins for Research, Diagnosis, and Therapy (SYNBIP)' was thus introduced. This database is unique in (a) comprehensively describing thousands of SBPs from the perspectives of scaffolds, biophysical & functional properties, etc.; (b) panoramically illustrating the binding targets & the broad application of each SBP and (c) enabling a similarity search against the sequences of all SBPs and their binding targets. Since SBP is a human-made protein that has not been found in nature, the discovery of novel SBPs relied heavily on experimental protein engineering and could be greatly facilitated by in-silico studies (such as AI and computational modeling). Thus, the data provided in SYNBIP could lay a solid foundation for the future development of novel SBPs. The SYNBIP is accessible without login requirement at both official (https://idrblab.org/synbip/) and mirror (http://synbip.idrblab.net/) sites.

10.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 479, 2021 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34579707

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Periodontitis can lead to the destruction of periodontium and adversely influence the overall health, wellbeing, and quality of life. However, studies on the relationship between severe periodontitis and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] are limited. This study is designed to explore the relationship between 25(OH)D and severe periodontitis. METHODS: A cross-section study of 2928 participants enrolled from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2013 to 2014 was conducted. The periodontal examination was performed using a total oral periodontal examination program, and probe measurements were collected at six sites per tooth in NHANES. Severe periodontitis was characterized as: ≥ 2 interproximal sites with attachment loss (AL) ≥ 6 mm (not on the same tooth) and ≥ 1 interproximal site with probing depth (PD) ≥ 5 mm. Severe periodontitis and serum 25(OH)D were the dependent and independent variables, respectively. Univariate, multivariate, and subgroup analyses were performed to explore the relationship between severe periodontitis and serum 25(OH)D. RESULTS: Among the 2928 participants, the average age of the population was 50 ± 13.71 years old, with 1425 (48.67%) males, 316 (10.79%) exhibited severe periodontitis. Serum 25(OH)D showed a significantly negative association with severe periodontitis after adjusting all variables (OR 0.75, 95% CI 0.63-0.89). In addition, severe periodontitis has a nonlinear relationship with serum 25(OH)D, whoes inflection point was 102 (nmol/L). On the left side of the inflection point (25(OH)D ≤ 102 nmol/L), the effect size was 0.98 and 95%CI was 0.98-0.99 (25(OH)D per 1 nmol/L increments). On the right side of the inflection point (25(OH)D > 102 nmol/L), the effect size was 0.99 and 95% CI was 0.98-1.01. The subgroup analysis showed pronounced changes in non-Hispanic white, alcohol consumption, diabetes, and health insurance. CONCLUSION: Serum 25 (OH) D in relation to severe periodontitis is nonlinear in our study.When serum 25 (OH) D is less than 102 nmol/L, serum 25 (OH) D is negatively associated with severe periodontitis.


Assuntos
Periodontite , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados
11.
Nanoscale ; 13(37): 15937-15951, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523658

RESUMO

Vascular dysfunction and bacterial infection are key factors for the non-healing of diabetic ulcers. Growth factors and antibiotics seem to effectively target both issues. However, the short half-life and high cost of growth factors and the antibiotics resistance of bacteria greatly limit their further widespread applications. Novel strategies or agents with both angiogenic and antibacterial activities are urgently desirable. Copper peroxide (CuO2) nanodots were reported to be decomposed into Cu2+ and H2O2 under mild acid conditions (pH 5.5). Considering that both decomposed products are acknowledged antibacterial agents (Cu2+, H2O2) and angiogenesis activator (Cu2+), we believe that CuO2 nanodots are suitable for diabetic ulcer treatment because the pathological environment of infected chronic wounds is mildly acidic with pH 5.5-5.6. As expected, in vitro experiments showed that CuO2 nanodots possessed excellent bactericidal properties against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and even methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). CuO2 nanodots induced the high expression of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), subsequently promoting the cell migration and tube formation for angiogenesis. In particular, CuO2 nanodots exhibited good dispersibility and sprayable behavior in water. In vivo experiments demonstrated that the spayed CuO2 nanodots in the wound area could effectively combat MRSA, reduce inflammation, promote angiogenesis, and consequently accelerate wound healing. Moreover, the sprayed CuO2 nanodots in the wound sites caused negligible system toxicity. This study provides proof-of-principle evidence for applying the sprayed CuO2 nanodots for infected diabetic ulcer treatment.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bactérias , Cobre , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Peróxidos , Úlcera , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Cicatrização
12.
Cardiol Res Pract ; 2021: 6647987, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34484819

RESUMO

Background: The relationship between high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) and different cardiovascular events has been observed in several large community studies, and the results have been controversial. However, there is currently no cross-sectional or longitudinal follow-up study on hs-cTnT in the Chinese population. Methods: We analyzed the association of plasma hs-cTnT levels with major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) and all-cause mortality in 1325 subjects from a longitudinal follow-up community-based population in Beijing, China. Results: In the Cox proportional hazards models analysis, the risk of MACEs increased with the increase of hs-cTnT levels (HR, 1.223, 95% CI, 1.054-1.418, P=0.008). Increased hs-cTnT levels were associated with coronary events (HR, 1.391, 95% CI, 1.106-1.749, P=0.005) in Model 4. Cox proportional risk regression model analysis revealed that increased hs-cTnT levels were associated with an increased risk of mortality (HR, 1.763, 95% CI, 1.224-2.540, P=0.002), even after adjusting hs-CRP and NT-proBNP. The area under the ROC curve for predicting MACEs was 0.559 (95% CI, 0.523-0.595, P=0.001). The areas under the ROC curve for predicting coronary events and mortality were 0.629 (95% CI, 0.580-0.678, P < 0.001) and 0.644 (95% CI, 0.564-0.725, P < 0.001), respectively. Conclusions: Our findings in the Chinese cohort support that hs-cTnT is a risk factor for major adverse cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality.

13.
Front Cell Neurosci ; 15: 747696, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512274

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fncel.2021.689611.].

15.
Gut Microbes ; 13(1): 1956281, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369287

RESUMO

Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is an important cause of diarrhea in human and animal. To determine the mechanism of a bovine lactoferricin-lactoferrampin (LFCA)-encoding Lactobacillus reuteri CO21 (LR-LFCA) to enhance the intestinal mucosal immunity, we used a newborn piglet intestine model to study the intestinal response to ETEC. Pigs were chosen due to the anatomical similarity between the porcine and the human intestine.4-day-old piglets were orally administered with LR-LFCA, LR-con (L. reuteri CO21 transformed with pPG612 plasmid) or phosphate buffered saline (PBS) for three consecutive days, within 21 days after these treatments, we found that LR-LFCA can colonize the intestines of piglets, improve the growth performance, enhance immune response and is beneficial for intestinal health of piglets by improving intestinal barrier function and modulating the composition of gut microbiota. Twenty-one days after, piglets were infected with ETEC K88 for 5 days, we found that oral administration of LR-LFCA to neonatal piglets attenuated ETEC-induced the weight loss of piglets and diarrhea incidence. LR-LFCA decreased the production of inflammatory factors and oxidative stress in intestinal mucosa of ETEC-infected piglets. Additionally, LR-LFCA increased the expression of tight junction proteins in the ileum of ETEC-infected piglets. Using LPS-induced porcine intestinal epithelial cells (IPEC-J2) in vitro, we demonstrated that LR-LFCA-mediated increases in the tight junction proteins might depend on the MLCK pathway; LR-LFCA might increase the anti-inflammatory ability by inhibiting the NF-κB pathway. We also found that LR-LFCA may enhance the antioxidant capacity of piglets by activating the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway. This study demonstrates that LR-LFCA is effective at maintaining intestinal epithelial integrity and host homeostasis as well as at repairing intestinal damage after ETEC infection and is thus a promising alternative therapeutic method for intestinal inflammation.

16.
Kidney Blood Press Res ; 46(5): 541-549, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365457

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether elevated plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) is a risk factor for the progression of kidney disease in general population has not been well established. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic properties of plasma tHcy for renal function decrement and early chronic kidney disease (CKD) in community-dwelling populations with normal renal function at baseline. METHODS: A total of 1,426 participants were enrolled and followed for a median of 4.8 years (interquartile range, 4.5-5.2), and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was evaluated. One main outcome was the rapid eGFR decline defined as a decline in eGFR of >3 mL/min per 1.73 m2 per year; the other was the new incidence of CKD. RESULTS: At the end of follow-up, the incidence of rapid eGFR decline and new-onset CKD was 20.7 and 5.6%, respectively. In multivariate linear regression analysis, age, central pulse pressure, fasting blood glucose, and concentration of tHcy were independent determinants of the change in eGFR. There was a graded association between tHcy quartiles and eGFR decline. Compared with participants with the lowest quartile of tHcy levels, those with the highest quartile had significantly increased risk for rapid eGFR decline (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.81; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.25-2.94) and new onset of CKD (adjusted hazard ratio = 4.29; 95% CI: 1.42-12.99) after adjusting for various confounders. Similarly, significant associations were also found when baseline tHcy was classified as hyperhomocysteinemia (>15 µmol/L) versus normal tHcy level (≤15 µmol/L). However, there was only association between the change in tHcy levels and new occurrence of CKD but not with rapid eGFR decline (aOR = 0.99, p = 0.613). CONCLUSIONS: In this prospective cohort of individuals from community-based population, elevated plasma tHcy emerged as an independent predictor of renal function decline and incident CKD, which might support selection of at-risk individuals.

17.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34462928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Zanthoxylum bungeanum pericarps (ZBP) are commonly used as food additives and traditional herbal medicines. Several mineral elements are known to have important physiological functions in organisms, whereas others are reported to have toxic effects. We determined levels of macro elements (Mg, S and Ca), essential trace elements (B, Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, Se and Mo) and toxic elements (Ni, Al, Cr, As, Cd, Hg and Pb) in the pericarps of 19 Z. bungeanum cultivars. Hazard index values and incremental lifetime cancer risks were calculated to express health risks associated with pericarp consumption. Moreover, several chemometric analyses based on the mineral elements were used to distinguish Z. bungeanum cultivars. RESULTS: The concentrations of 17 determined elements in the pericarps were ranked: Ca > Mg > S > Fe > Al > Mn > Zn > B > Cu > Ni > Pb > Cr > Mo > As > Cd > Hg > Se. The elements Zn, Cr and As had the highest variations in their concentrations. Cu, Mn, Se, Zn, Al, As, Cd, Cr, Hg, Ni and Pb posed some non-cancer risks, while As and Cd posed cancer risks. Mn, Fe, Zn, and Al were chosen as critical element markers for assessing ZBP using chemometric analyses. CONCLUSION: Chemometric analyses could highlight mineral concentration differentiation among the 19 cultivars. The Z. bungeanum cultivar Z12 (from Wudu, Gansu) is best for producing ZBP, and cultivar Z18 (Guanling, Guizhou) can be a reference to classify and evaluate ZBP quality. The results provide valuable information for evaluating the potential safety risks of ZBP and contribute to inter-cultivar discrimination. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.

18.
Viruses ; 13(7)2021 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34372508

RESUMO

Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) causes many diseases in weaned piglets, leading to serious economic losses to the pig industry. This study investigated the immune response following oral administration of Lactobacillus casei ATCC393 (L. casei 393) expressing PCV2 capsid protein (Cap) fusion with the Escherichia coli heat-labile toxin B subunit (LTB) in mice. Recombinant L. casei strains were constructed using plasmids pPG611.1 and pPG612.1. The expression and localization of proteins from recombinant pPG611.1-Cap-LTB (pPG-1-Cap-LTB)/L. casei 393 and pPG612.1-Cap-LTB (pPG-2-Cap-LTB)/L. casei 393 were detected. All recombinant strains were found to be immunogenic by oral administration in mice and developed mucosal and systemic immune responses against PCV2. The titers of specific antibodies in mice administered pPG-2-Cap-LTB/L. casei 393 were higher than those in mice administered pPG-1-Cap-LTB/L. casei 393 in serum and the mucosal samples. The mucosal immune response was not only limited to the gastrointestinal tract but was also generated in other mucosal parts. Thus, the application of recombinant L. casei could aid in vaccine development for PCV2.

19.
Front Cell Neurosci ; 15: 689611, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335187

RESUMO

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is associated with a range of abnormalities pertaining to socialization, communication, repetitive behaviors, and restricted interests. Owing to its complexity, the etiology of ASD remains incompletely understood. The presynaptic G protein-coupled glutamate receptor metabotropic glutamate receptor 7 (mGluR7) is known to be essential for synaptic transmission and is also tightly linked with ASD incidence. Herein, we report that prefrontal cortex (PFC) mGluR7 protein levels were decreased in C57BL/6J mice exposed to valproic acid (VPA) and BTBR T+ Itpr3tf/J mice. The overexpression of mGluR7 in the PFC of these mice using a lentiviral vector was sufficient to reduce the severity of ASD-like behavioral patterns such that animals exhibited decreases in abnormal social interactions and communication, anxiety-like, and stereotyped/repetitive behaviors. Intriguingly, patch-clamp recordings revealed that the overexpression of mGluR7 suppressed neuronal excitability by inhibiting action potential discharge frequencies, together with enhanced action potential threshold and increased rheobase. These data offer a scientific basis for the additional study of mGluR7 as a promising therapeutic target in ASD and related neurodevelopmental disorders.

20.
Front Oncol ; 11: 670651, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34307140

RESUMO

Background: Reducing peritoneal recurrence after radical surgery is an important choice to improve the prognosis of patients with advanced gastric cancer. Intraoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy has the potential to be a promising treatment strategy. In the present study, we conducted a multi-center, randomized, controlled clinical study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intraoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy using sustained-release fluorouracil implants plus radical gastrectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy for cTNM stage III gastric cancer. Methods: The patients were randomized into intraperitoneal chemotherapy group (sustained-release fluorouracil implants administration after standard D2 radical gastrectomy, and followed by XELOX adjuvant chemotherapy) and control group (standard D2 radical gastrectomy, and followed by XELOX adjuvant chemotherapy). A total of 122 patients from three centers were enrolled from September 2015 to February 2017. Results: One hundred and two eligible patients completed the treatment course. The median follow-up time was 41.7 months (36.1-52.9 months). The 3-year progression-free survival rate and overall survival of patients in the intraperitoneal chemotherapy group were 43.9% and 49.1%, respectively, which were significantly better than those of the control group, 31.0% and 38.4%. In the intraperitoneal chemotherapy group, the number of cases with peritoneal recurrence was significantly less than that of the control group, 9 cases (17.3%) vs. 19 cases (44.2%). There were neither significant differences between the groups in the incidence of hematogenous metastasis, lymph node metastasis, nor local metastasis. Conclusion: For cTNM stage III gastric cancer, intraoperative sustained-release fluorouracil implants after radical resection combined with postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy, could significantly reduce the risk of peritoneal recurrence and prolong PFS.Clinical Trial Registration: https://clinicaltrials.gov/, identifier (NCT02269904).

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