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1.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(47): 52907-52917, 2022 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36378151

RESUMO

The design of highly efficient electrocatalysts is a promising strategy to improve the electrochemical kinetics of Li-CO2 batteries. However, electrocatalysts usually aim to reduce the energetic barrier for the corresponding electrochemical reactions; little attention has been given to modulating the kinetics that directly determine the local concentration of reaction molecules surrounding catalysts. Herein, we present a systematic study on the role of Li+ reunion on the improvement of reaction kinetics in Li-CO2 batteries with a Cu cone cathode. Specifically, this local, geometry-driven tip effect can enrich the local electron concentration to facilitate Li+ ions diffusion from the bulk electrolyte to the surface of catalyst, leading to boosted catalytic performance. Further studies demonstrate that Cu(II/I) as a solid redox mediator dominates the reversible bulk redox reactions in a Cu cone cathode, which acts as an electron-hole transfer agent and permits the efficient reduction and oxidation of solid Li2CO3, contributing to an accessible theoretical discharge voltage, low charge potential below 3.2 V, impressive rate capability, and a long cycling stability (333 days) for Li-CO2 batteries. The exploitation of the sharp-tip enhancement effect and dynamic creation of catalytic active sites is expected to become routine practice in future mechanistic studies for metal-air batteries.

2.
Arch Oral Biol ; 145: 105583, 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36395563

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the pathogenic role of colitis in experimental periodontitis and explore the potential serum metabolites of colitis exacerbating experimental periodontitis in mice model. DESIGN: C57BL/6 mice were divided into four groups (five mice in each group), including control, periodontitis, colitis and colitis+periodontitis group. Mice treated with 1.5 % dextran sulfate sodium for 14 days to induce colitis. On the seventh to fourteenth days, the experimental periodontitis model was established by installing a bacterially retentive ligature between two molars. Histological alteration of periodontium and colon was observed by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining and micro-computed tomography was applied to evaluate alveolar bone loss. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to characterize serum metabolic profiles. RESULTS: Mice in colitis+periodontitis group displayed increased periodontal inflammation and alveolar bone loss when compared with the mice of periodontitis group, suggesting colitis aggravated periodontitis. Metabolomics analysis combined with enrichment analysis showed that colitis significantly (P<0.05) altered the content of compounds associated with five metabolic pathways (e.g. fatty acid biosynthesis) of periodontitis mice. Notably, colitis significantly reduced the level of serum metabolites that inhibited the formation of osteoclasts (e.g. oleic acid) or anti-inflammatory metabolites (e.g. palmitoleic acid, palmitelaidic acid and chlorogenic acid) of periodontitis mice. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings showed that colitis might aggravate periodontitis and this might be associated with alteration of serum metabolic profiles.

3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(41): 46502-46512, 2022 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36194645

RESUMO

Mn3O4 is regarded as a promising anode material for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) based on its ultrahigh theoretical capacity (937 mAh g-1) and low cost but suffers from poor electronic conductivity and large volume variation during the lithiation/delithiation process, which result in dramatic capacity fading and inferior rate capability. Ti3C2Tx MXene, a novel two-dimensional transition metal carbide with metallic conductivity, excellent mechanical properties, and hydrophilic surface, could be an ideal candidate to improve the lithium storage performance of Mn3O4. Here, a unique flexible, 2D-2D Mn3O4/MXene film is fabricated by assembling 2D Mn3O4 with Ti3C2Tx nanosheets through a simple vacuum filtration approach. In this unique 2D-2D nanostructure, MXene nanosheets buffer the volume change of Mn3O4 during the charge/discharge process. Moreover, the introduction of MXene enables the fabricated 2D-2D nanostructure with excellent flexibility and can be directly used as an electrode for LIBs, which is beneficial for enhancing the energy density of the assembled batteries. As a result, the flexible film of Mn3O4-MXene-8-2 shows excellent lithium storage performances in terms of specific capacity (931 mAh g-1 at 0.05 A g-1), rate capability (624 mAh g-1 at 1 A g-1), and cycling stability, demonstrating its great potential for the application in LIBs.

4.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 1090, 2022 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36280824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ovarian strumal carcinoid is an extremely rare ovarian malignant tumor with limited data on clinical characteristics and survival outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective study of 119 patients was conducted, including 98 cases identified from literature review, and their clinical characteristics were investigated. The overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival (DSS), recurrence-free survival (RFS), and potential prognostic factors of these patients were also evaluated. RESULTS: Lesions of 115 cases were confined to the ovarian while four patients presented with extra-ovarian disease upon initial diagnosis. Surgical treatment options performed in this cohort varied, 5.0% received ovarian cystectomy, 36.1% received unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (USO), 7.6% received bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO), 42.0% received hysterectomy with BSO, and 8.4% underwent debulking surgery. Moreover, one patient did not undergo any surgery. No postoperative adjuvant therapy was administered in 89.9% patients, while 7.6% and 2.5% received adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy, of which two patients received combined radiation and chemotherapy. At the final follow-up, 89.1% patients showed no evidence of the disease, and 5.0% were alive with the disease. Only seven deaths occurred, with two attributed to the tumor. The 5-year, 10-year, and 20-year OS rates were 96.0%, 85.0%, and 85.0%, respectively, with a 15-year recurrence rate of 4.4%. The 5-year and 20-year DSS rate were 98.5% and 95.9%. Multivariate Cox regression showed age ≥ 55 years was the only risk factor associated with the OS (P = 0.014, OR 7.988; 95% CI 1.519 - 42.004). However, the univariate and multivariate Cox regression showed no potential risk factor for RFS and DSS. CONCLUSION: Patients with ovarian strumal carcinoid have an excellent prognosis irrespective of the surgical option. Conservative surgery especially USO with individualized adjuvant therapy is recommended.


Assuntos
Tumor Carcinoide , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Estruma Ovariano , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tumor Carcinoide/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Ovariectomia , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Ecol Evol ; 12(9): e9256, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36188509

RESUMO

The biotic interaction hypothesis, which states the species interaction becomes stronger in the tropics, is deeply rooted in classic ecological literature and widely accepted to contribute to the latitudinal gradients of biodiversity. Tests in latitudinal insect-plant interaction have emphasized leaf-eating insects on a single or a few plant species rather than within an entire community and mixed accumulating evidence, leaving the biotic interaction hypothesis disputed. We aimed to test the hypothesis by quantifying insect seed predation in a pair of tropical and temperate forest communities with similar elevations. We applied a consistent study design to sample predispersal seeds with systematically set seed traps in 2019-2020 and examined internally feeding insects. The intensity of seed predation was measured and further applied to tropical versus temperate comparison at two levels (cross-species and community-wide). Our results showed every latitudinal pattern associated with different study levels and years, that is, negative (greater granivory in the tropics in community-wide comparison in 2020), positive (less granivory in the tropics in community-wide and cross-species comparison in 2019), and missing (similar level of granivory in the tropics in cross-species comparisons in 2020). The cross-species level analyses ignore differences among species in seed production and weaken or even lose the latitudinal trend detected by community-wide comparisons. The between-year discrepancy in tropical-temperate comparisons relates to the highly variable annual seed composition in the temperate forest due to mast seeding of dominant species. Our study highlights that long-term community-level researches across biomes are essential to assess the latitudinal biotic interaction hypothesis.

6.
Front Public Health ; 10: 997713, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36203677

RESUMO

Background: Nomogram, a visual clinical predictive model, provides a scientific basis for clinical decision making. Herein, we investigated 20 years of nomogram research responses, focusing on current and future trends and analytical challenges. Methods: We mined data of scientific literature from the Core Collection of Web of Science, searching for the original articles with title "Nomogram*/Parton Table*/Parton Nomogram*", published within January 1st, 2000 to December 30th, 2021. Data records were validated using HistCite Version and analyzed with a transformable statistical method, the Bibliometrix 3.0 package of R Studio. Results: In total, 4,176 original articles written by 19,158 authors were included from 915 sources. Annually, Nomogram publications are continually produced, which have rapidly grown since 2018. China published the most articles; however, its total citations ranked second after the United States. Both total citations and average article citations in the United States rank first globally, and a high degree of cooperation exists between countries. Frontiers in Oncology published the most papers (238); this number has grown rapidly since 2019. Journal of Urology had the highest H-index, with an average increase in publications over the past 20 years. Most research topics were tumor-related, among which tumor risk prediction and prognostic evaluation were the main contents. Research on prognostic assessment is more published and advanced, while risk prediction and diagnosis have good developmental prospects. Furthermore, nomogram of the urinary system has been highly developed. Following advancements in nomogram modeling, it has recently been applied to non-oncological subjects. Conclusion: This bibliometric analysis provides a comprehensive overview of the current nomogram status, which could enable better understanding of its development over the years, and provide global researchers a comprehensive analysis and structured information to help identify hot spots and gaps in future research.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Nomogramas , Bibliometria , China , Humanos , Estados Unidos
7.
Ann Hematol ; 101(12): 2583-2600, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36181538

RESUMO

To investigate the pathogenesis and the refractory/relapse mechanisms in patients with t(16;21)(p11;q22), we retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of six cases in our hospital and sixty-two cases reported in the literature. Among the patients in our hospital, five cases were diagnosed as acute leukemia, and one was myelodysplastic syndrome evolved to acute myeloid leukemia, harboring TLS/FUS-ERG fusion gene; all the cases were detected t(16;21)(p11;q22) translocation, and five cases showed additional chromosomal abnormalities. We firstly report a novel three-way translocation t(11;16;21)(q13;p11;q22), which may affect the prognosis of leukemia with TLS-ERG fusion gene because this patient shows a more satisfactory treatment effect and deeper remission. And we found patients with TLS-ERG are more likely to have bone and arthrosis pain. Besides, CD56 and CD123 were positive in these cases, which are related to poor prognosis and the character of refractory. Moreover, some gene mutations are involved, and GATA2 and SMAD4 mutations were identified when the disease progressed from myelodysplastic syndrome to leukemia. Among sixty-two patients reported in the literature, valid positive percent of CD56 and CD123 were 81% and 14.3%, respectively. Mutation of the RUNX1 gene was detected in four cases, and one patient had multiple mutations, including BCOR, PLCG1, DIS3, BRAF, JAK2, and JAK3. The prominent feature of leukemia carrying the TLS/FUS-ERG gene is its poor prognosis. The relevant mechanism includes new mutation, jumping translocation, different transcripts, and so on. The mechanism still acquaints scarcely, which requires further study.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Humanos , Doença Aguda , Cromossomos Humanos Par 16 , Cromossomos Humanos Par 21 , Subunidade alfa de Receptor de Interleucina-3/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteína FUS de Ligação a RNA/genética , Regulador Transcricional ERG/genética , Translocação Genética , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
8.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202212005, 2022 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36314469

RESUMO

Atropisomers bearing multiple stereogenic axes are of increasing importance to the field of material science, pharmaceuticals, and catalysis. However, the atroposelective construction of multi-axis atropisomers remains rare and challenging, due to the intrinsical difficulties in the stereo-control of the multiple stereogenic axes. Herein, we demonstrate a single-step construction of a new class of 1,2-diaxially chiral triaryl α-pyranones by an N-heterocyclic carbene organocatalytic asymmetric [3+3] annulation of well-designed alkynyl acylazolium precursors and enolizable sterically hindered 2-aryl ketones. The protocol features broad substrate scope (>50 examples), excellent stereo-control (most cases >20 : 1 dr, up to 99.5 : 0.5 er), and potentially useful synthetic applications. The success of this reaction relies on the rational design of structurally matched reaction partners and the careful selection of the asymmetric catalytic system. DFT calculations have also been performed to discover and rationalize the origin of the high stereoselectivity of this reaction.

9.
Front Physiol ; 13: 982080, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36072853

RESUMO

Background: Pernicious placenta previa (PPP) is one of the most dangerous complications in pregnancy after cesarean section, with high perinatal mortality. This study aimed to develop a nomogram to predict postpartum hemorrhage in patients with PPP. Methods: A total of 246 patients with confirmed PPP at Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University from January 2018 to December 2021 were included. Patients were divided into to two cohorts depending on a postpartum blood loss of > 1000 ml (n = 146) or ≤ 1000 ml (n = 100). Lasso regression analysis was performed on the risk factors screened by univariate analysis to screen out the final risk factors affecting postpartum hemorrhage. Based on the final risk factors, a Nomogram prediction model with excellent performance was constructed using Logistic regression. A nomogram was constructed with further screening of the selected risk factors of postpartum hemorrhage in PPP. A second nomogram based only on the total ultrasonic risk score was constructed. Decision curve analysis (DCA) was used to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the nomograms. Results: Older age, larger gestational age, larger neonatal birth weight, presence of gestational diabetes mellitus, larger amniotic fluid index, absence of gestational bleeding, and higher ultrasonic risk single score were selected to establish a nomogram for postpartum hemorrhage in PPP. The area under the curve of the nomogram constructed by Lasso regression analysis was higher than that of the ultrasonic total score alone (0.887 vs. 0.833). Additionally, DCA indicated better clinical efficacy in the former nomogram than in the later nomogram. Furthermore, internal verification of the nomogram constructed by Lasso regression analysis showed good agreement between predicted and actual values. Conclusion: A nomogram for postpartum hemorrhage in PPP was developed and validated to assist clinicians in evaluating postpartum hemorrhage. This nomogram was more accurate than using the ultrasonic score alone.

10.
Front Surg ; 9: 894083, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090333

RESUMO

Background: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS), a new clinical surgical concept, has been applied in many surgical disciplines with good clinical results for the past 20 years. Bibliometric analysis is an effective method to quantitatively evaluate the academic productivity. This report aimed to perform a scientometric analysis of the ERAS research status and research hotspots. Methods: Comprehensive scientific mapping analysis of a wide range of literature metadata using the scientometric tools, including the Bibliometrix R Package, Biblioshiny, and CiteSpace. Data were retrieved from the Web of Science Core Collection database of original articles from 2001 to 2020. Specific indicators and maps were analyzed to show the co-authorship, co-institute, co-country, co-citation, and international cooperation. Automatic literature screening, unsupervised cluster filtering, and topic cluster identification methods were used to display the conceptual framework and thematic evolution. Results: A total of 1,403 research projects drafted by 6,966 authors and published in 413 sources were found. There was an exponential growth in the number of publications on ERAS. There were 709 collaborations between authors from different countries, and the US, China, and the UK had the greatest number of publications. The WORLD JOURNAL OF SURGERY, located in Bradford's Law 1, had the highest number of published articles (n = 1,276; total citations = 3,193). CiteSpace network analysis revealed 15 highly correlated cluster ERAS studies, and the earliest study was on colonic surgery, and ERAS was recently applied in cardiac surgery. The etiology of ERAS is constantly evolving, with surgery and length of hospital as the main topics. Meta-analyses and perioperative care have tended to decline. Conclusion: This is the first scientometric analysis of ERAS to provide descriptive quantitative indicators. This can provide a better understanding of how the field has evolved over the past 20 years, help identify research trends, and provide insights and research directions for academic researchers, policymakers, and medical practitioners who want to collaborate in these areas in the future.

11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(16)2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36012116

RESUMO

Lesion mimic mutants are an ideal model system for elucidating the molecular mechanisms of programmed cell death and defense responses in rice. In this study, we identified a lesion mimic mutant termed miner infection like 1-1 (mil1-1). The mil1-1 exhibited lesions on the leaves during development, and the chloroplasts of mil1-1 leaves were disrupted. Reactive oxygen species were found to accumulate in mil1-1 leaves. Cell death and DNA fragmentation were observed in mil1-1 leaves, indicating that the cells in the spots of mil1-1 leaves experienced programmed cell death. Most agronomic traits decreased in mil1-1, suggesting that the growth retardation in mil1-1 caused reduced per-plant grain yield. However, the mutation of MIL1 activated the expression of pathogen response genes and enhanced resistance to bacterial blight. The MIL1 gene was cloned using the positional cloning approach. A missense mutation 751 bp downstream of ATG was found in mil1-1. The defects of mil1-1 were able to be rescued by delivering a wild-type MIL1 gene into mil1-1. MIL1 encoded hydroperoxide lyase 3 (OsHPL3), and the expression of OsHPL3 was induced via hormone and abiotic stresses. Our findings provide insights into the roles of MIL1 in regulating programmed cell death, development, yield, and defense responses in rice.


Assuntos
Oryza , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Apoptose/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Mutação , Oryza/fisiologia , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Folhas de Planta/genética , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
12.
ACS Nano ; 16(8): 12364-12376, 2022 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35914235

RESUMO

At present, photoassisted Li-air batteries are considered to be an effective approach to overcome the sluggish reaction kinetics of the Li-air batteries. And, the organic liquid electrolyte is generally adopted by the current conventional photoassisted Li-air batteries. However, the superior catalytic activity of photoassisted cathode would in turn fasten the degradation of the organic liquid electrolyte, leading to limited battery cycling life. Herein, we tame the above limitation of the traditional liquid electrolyte system for Li-CO2 batteries by constructing a photoassisted all-solid-state Li-CO2 battery with an integrated bilayer Au@TiO2/Li1.5Al0.5Ge1.5(PO4)3 (LAGP)/LAGP (ATLL) framework, which can essentially improve battery stability. Taking advantage of photoelectric and photothermal effects, the Au@TiO2/LAGP layer enables the acceleration of the slow kinetics of the carbon dioxide reduction reaction and evolution reaction processes. The LAGP layer could resolve the problem of liquid electrolyte decomposition under illumination. The integrated double-layer LAGP framework endows the direct transportation of heat and Li+ in the entire system. The photoassisted all-solid-state Li-CO2 battery achieves an ultralow polarization of 0.25 V with illumination, as well as a high round-trip efficiency of 92.4%. Even at an extremely low temperature of -73 °C, the battery can still deliver a small polarization of 0.6 V by converting solar energy into heat to achieve self-heating. This study is not limited to the Li-air batteries but can also be applied to other battery systems, constituting a significant step toward the practical application of all-solid-state photoassisted Li-air batteries.

13.
Front Physiol ; 13: 921273, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36035494

RESUMO

Background: The value of multiple magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signs in predicting pernicious placenta previa (PPP) with placenta accreta spectrum disorders (PAS) is still controversial. This study aimed to investigate the value of a self-made fetal magnetic resonance imaging scoring system in predicting the different types of PAS in pernicious placenta previa and its associated risk of bleeding. Methods: This retrospective study included 193 patients diagnosed with PPP based on MRI findings before delivery. Based on pathological and intraoperative findings, we divided patients into four groups: non-PAS, placental adhesion, placental implantation, and placenta percreta. Receiver operator characteristic curves of the MRI total score and placental implantation type were drawn using pROC packages in the R Studio environment, and cutoff values of each type were calculated, as well as diagnostic evaluation indexes, such as sensitivity, specificity, and the Youden index. Hemorrhage during surgery was compared between the groups. Results: The boundary value between the non-PAS and placental adhesion was 5.5, that between placental adhesion and placental implantation was 11.5, and that between placental implantation and placenta percreta was 15.5 points. The respective specificities were 0.700, 0.869, and 0.958, and the respective sensitivities were 0.994, 0.802, and 0.577. The Youden indices were 0.694, 0.671, and 0.535, respectively. The median (minimum, maximum) quantities of hemorrhage during the operation in the non-PAS, placental adhesion, placental implantation, and placenta percreta groups were 225 (100, 3700), 600 (200, 6000), 1500 (300, 7000), and 3000 (400, 6300) ml, respectively. Hemorrhage was significantly different between the four groups (p < 0.001). Conclusion: These results suggest that the proposed MRI scoring system could be an effective diagnostic tool for assessing PPP types and predicting the associated bleeding risk.

14.
Biomater Adv ; 136: 212753, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35929335

RESUMO

The clinical acceleration of skin autogenous healing remains a great challenge, especially in the early stage after injury. In this work, a novel directly injectable hydrogel with high self-adaptability is designed as a provisional matrix to close the apposition of wound edges, using carboxymethyl cellulose and poly (γ-glutamic acid) through Schiff-base reaction. Benefiting from the dynamic covalent cross-linking structure, the functional biodegradable hydrogels are easy to prepare (gel time 5-180 s), demonstrating adequate mechanical strength (40-120 kPa), anti-fatigue abilities, and rapid self-healing (5-10 min at skin defect). Furthermore, the hydrogels exhibit biocompatibility and proliferation-promoting activity with murine fibroblasts. In the full-thickness dermal animal models, it significantly promoted collagen deposition, skin-function restoration, and VEGF expression. This hydrogel shows potential as a dressing available for skin regeneration during the healing of dermal injuries.


Assuntos
Carboximetilcelulose Sódica , Hidrogéis , Animais , Bandagens , Carboximetilcelulose Sódica/farmacologia , Ácido Glutâmico/farmacologia , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Camundongos , Cicatrização
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(30): e29294, 2022 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35905214

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The SET-CAN/NUP214 fusion gene resulting from chromosomal del(9)(q34.11q34.13) or t(9;9) (q34;q34) has been found in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL), acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myeloid sarcoma (MS). Furthermore, the SET-CAN/NUP214 fusion gene has been found in the T-ALL cell line LOUCY and the AML line MEGAL. The common features of these cases are insensitivity to chemotherapy and poor prognosis. We reviewed the characteristics and prognostic significance of the SET-CAN/NUP214 fusion gene in hematological malignancies. METHODS: This systematic literature search was conducted using the PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases. With the inclusion and exclusion criteria, we summarized all of the papers and performed a statistical analyses. RESULTS: In general, the SET-CAN/NUP214 fusion gene is very rare in adult acute leukemia, more frequently found in T-ALL than in other types of leukemia, and more often in males. Flow cytometry data indicated that the markers CD34, CD33, CD13, and CD7 were common in SET-CAN/NUP214 positive acute leukemia, including ALL. Fluorescence in situ hybridization and arrays are important methods for detecting the fusion gene in newly diagnosed patients and can detect chromosomal del(9)(q34) will be detected. The chromosomal karyotype may be normal or complex, and, in terms of survival analysis, transplantation results in a better prognosis than chemotherapy alone. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS OF KEY FINDINGS: The presence of SET-CAN/NUP214 fusion gene may be a Minimal Residual Disease of early recurrence, and it might be a poor indicator of outcome. LIMITATIONS: The mechanism, clinical characteristics, therapy and prognosis of the SET-CAN/NUP214 fusion gene in hematological malignancies require further research.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/metabolismo , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras , Adulto , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Neoplasias Hematológicas/genética , Chaperonas de Histonas/genética , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Masculino , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/patologia , Prognóstico , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
16.
Molecules ; 27(14)2022 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35889427

RESUMO

Lung cancer seriously threatens the health of human beings, with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounting for 80%. Nowadays, the potential position of nano-delivery in treating cancer has been the subject of continuous research. The present research aimed to prepare two molecular weight hyaluronic acid (HA)-modified kaempferol (KA)-loaded nanostructured lipid carriers (HA-KA-NLCs) by the method of melting ultrasonic and electrostatic adsorption, and to assess the antitumor effect of the preparations on A549 cells. The characterization and safety evaluation of the preparations illustrated that they are acceptable for drug delivery for cancer. Subsequently, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) curve and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images indicated that the drug was adequately incorporated in the carrier, and the particle appeared as a sphere. Moreover, HA-KA-NLC showed predominant in vitro antitumor effects, inhibiting proliferation, migration, and invasion, promoting apoptosis and increasing cellular uptake of A549 cells. Otherwise, the Western blot assay revealed that preparations could activate epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related signaling pathways and modulate the expression of E-cadherin, N-cadherin, and Vimentin in A549 cells. Our present findings demonstrated that HA-KA-NLC could be considered as a secure and effective carrier for targeted tumor delivery and may have potential application prospects in future clinic therapy of NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Nanoestruturas , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Excipientes , Humanos , Ácido Hialurônico/química , Quempferóis/farmacologia , Lipídeos/química , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Nanoestruturas/química , Tamanho da Partícula
17.
Clin Rheumatol ; 41(10): 3143-3150, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35739406

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate risk factors of urinary calculi in men with gout. METHOD: A study was conducted at a tertiary hospital in Beijing from October 2016 to January 2020. Male gouty patients were included. Logistic regression was used to establish the association between patients' characteristics and urinary stone disease. A cluster analysis was performed to identify distinct phenotypes of gout based on nine common comorbidities. RESULT: The prevalence of calculi was 23.6% among 454 patients. Longer disease courses and comorbid dyslipidemia were associated with an increased risk of urinary calculi, with an OR of 2.76 (95% CI 1.40-5.64) (p = 0.004) for patients with a disease course of 10 years or longer compared with those with a disease course of gout shorter than 1 year, and an OR of 1.71 (95% CI 1.04-2.88) (p = 0.039) for patients with dyslipidemia. Three clinical phenotypes were recognized. Cluster C1 consists of patients with large body mass index, dyslipidemia, and abnormal liver function. The prevalence of stone was 23.2%. Patients in cluster C2 had fewer comorbidities and the lowest stone risk (13.5%). Cluster C3 had more cardiovascular comorbidities and the highest prevalence of stone (47.1%). CONCLUSION: Longer disease course and dyslipidemia contribute to stone risk in men with gout. Three distinct phenotypes represent distinct pathophysiological mechanisms underlying stone occurrence, which would help us to optimize gout management. Key points • Patients with gout have higher risks for urinary stones. This study found that longer disease courses and comorbid dyslipidemia were associated with an increased risk of urinary calculi in largely untreated young men with uncontrolled gout. • This study reveals three distinct phenotypes of gout based on comorbidities. Among all, the group with more cardiovascular comorbidities has the highest prevalence of stones.


Assuntos
Dislipidemias , Gota , Cálculos Urinários , Dislipidemias/complicações , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Gota/complicações , Gota/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Cálculos Urinários/complicações , Cálculos Urinários/epidemiologia
18.
Nat Ecol Evol ; 6(8): 1132-1144, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35773344

RESUMO

The coral reef microbiome is central to reef health and resilience. Competitive interactions between opportunistic coral pathogens and other commensal microbes affect the health of coral. Despite great advances over the years in sequencing-based microbial profiling of healthy and diseased coral, the molecular mechanism underlying colonization competition has been much less explored. In this study, by examining the culturable bacteria inhabiting the gastric cavity of healthy Galaxea fascicularis, a scleractinian coral, we found that temperate phages played a major role in mediating colonization competition in the coral microbiota. Specifically, the non-toxigenic Vibrio sp. inhabiting the healthy coral had a much higher colonization capacity than the coral pathogen Vibrio coralliilyticus, yet this advantage was diminished by the latter killing the former. Pathogen-encoded LodAB, which produces hydrogen peroxide, triggers the lytic cycle of prophage in the non-toxicogenic Vibrio sp. Importantly, V. coralliilyticus could outcompete other coral symbiotic bacteria (for example, Endozoicomonas sp.) through LodAB-dependent prophage induction. Overall, we reveal that LodAB can be used by pathogens as an important weapon to gain a competitive advantage over lysogenic competitors when colonizing corals.


Assuntos
Antozoários , Vibrio , Animais , Recifes de Corais , Ativação Viral
19.
Food Chem X ; 14: 100347, 2022 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35663599

RESUMO

Texture characteristics of quinoa under microwave (MW) irradiation were studied from the perspective of starch gelatinization. MW reduced the light transmittance and increased the hardness and stickiness of quinoa. Microstructure showed that MW dispersed the vesicular structure of starch aggregates into separate starch particles, resulting in the full hydration of starch and water molecules to form denser network structures. The value of peak viscosity and setback decreased in RVA after MW treatment, but the gelatinization temperature remained stable. DSC further proved that moderate MW treatment could reduce the gelatinization enthalpy of starch and made quinoa accessible to gelatinize. However, XRD showed that the crystal structure of starch was preserved, but the crystallinity increased. Finally, low field NMR showed that moderate MW stimulated the full hydration of starch to form denser network structures, while excessive MW treatment made starch partially gelatinize and form rigid structure, resulting in negative texture properties.

20.
Plants (Basel) ; 11(12)2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35736727

RESUMO

Phosphatidylethanolamine-binding-protein (PEBP) domain-containing proteins play important roles in multiple developmental processes of plants; however, functions of few members in the PEBP gene family have been elucidated in rice and other crops. In this study, we found that twenty OsPEBPs genes identified in rice are not evenly distributed on the chromosomes. Four colinear pairs are identified, suggesting the duplication of OsPEBPs during evolution. The OsPEBPs are classified into six subgroups by phylogenetic analysis. The structure of all the OsPEBP genes and encoded proteins are similar. The 262 PEBP domain-containing proteins from crops are divided into six groups. The number of colinear pairs varies between rice and other crops. More than thirty cis-acting elements in the promoter region of OsPEBPs are discovered. Expression profiles of OsPEBP genes are differential. Most of the OsPEBPs expression can be regulated by NaCl, ABA, JA, and light, indicating that OsPEBPs may be involved in the control of the response to the environmental signals. These results lay sound foundation to further explore their functions in development of rice and crops.

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