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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt A): 127107, 2022 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523501

RESUMO

A new strategy for co-immobilization of laccase (Lac) and mediator 2,2'-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) on geopolymer microspheres (GM) was reported in this work, which was promoted by pre-embedded homologous amino acids, i.e., histidine (His) and cysteine (Cys). The GM-H2C1 produced with a His/Cys ratio of 2:1 was highly efficient in co-immobilizing Lac and ABTS. The as-prepared composite biocatalyst (Lac-ABTS@GM-H2C1) exhibited the highest degradation rate (94.78%) to the model pollutant (Congo Red, CR), which was superior to free Lac-ABTS (79.23%) and Lac@GM-H2C1 (53.82%). The enhanced degradation efficiency of CR by the Lac-ABTS@GM-H2C1 was due to the promoted electron transfer and shortened mass transfer distance. Moreover, Lac-ABTS@GM-H2C1 demonstrated good pH resistance, competitive storage stability, and good reusability during ten cycles of CR degradation.

2.
J Healthc Eng ; 2021: 7296322, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34765103

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the interrater and intrarater reliability of electrical impedance myography (EIM) using handheld sensors of different sizes. Electrical impedance myography of the biceps brachii muscle of twenty healthy individuals was performed by two raters using both large and small sensors. The procedures were also repeated 5 to 8 days after the first recording session. The repeatability of the resistance, reactance, and phase angle at two different current frequencies (50 and 100 kHz) was assessed by the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). The ICCs of the large sensor were higher than those of the small sensor for both the intrarater and interrater reliabilities. High-frequency current tended to improve the ICC for the small sensor. These results indicate reasonable repeatability of the handheld electrode arrays for EIM measurements. The findings suggest that electrode array should be selected appropriately according to the size of the tested muscle.

3.
Microsc Res Tech ; 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34799959

RESUMO

This study used scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to observe the morphology and sensilla of the labial and maxillary palps of adult Callidiellum villosulum Fairmaire between sexes. Combining behavioral activities may provide an effective control target for this pest. In this study, the results showed that there were three segments on the labial palps and four segments on the maxillary palps. The length and width of each segment of the labial and maxillary palps were significantly larger in females than in males. Four types of sensilla were found on the labial and maxillary palps of both sexes of adult C. villosulum: sensilla basiconica (SB I, II, III, and IV), sensilla chaetica (SCh I and II), sensilla placodea (SP), and sensilla campaniformia (SCa). SB IV, SCa, and Sh II were significantly more developed on female labial and maxillary palps than on males', which may be related to their oviposition behavior. By contrast, SB I was more significantly developed on males than on females, which may be related to their mating selection. At the same time, for both sexes, the numbers of Sh I and Sh II on the maxillary palps were significantly higher on labial palps. Maxillary palps could be inferred to potentially play a more important role than the labial palps in the activities of adult C. villosulum. Results will help us further understand the host selection and egg-laying behavior of adult C. villosulum. Such an understanding shall greatly promote the information-based design of pest control methods.

4.
J Environ Manage ; 302(Pt B): 114073, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763189

RESUMO

Existing methods for spatial quantification of grassland utilization intensity cannot meet the demand for accurate detection of the spatial distribution of grassland utilization intensity in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau with high spatial resolution. In this paper, a method based on remote-sensing observations and simulations of grassland growth dynamics is proposed. The grassland enhanced vegetation index (EVI) time-series curve during the growing season characterizes the growth of grassland in the corresponding pixel; The deviation between the observed and potential EVI curves indicates the disturbance on grassland growth imposed by human activities, and it can characterize the grassland utilization intensity during the growing season. Based on the main idea described above, absolute and relative disturbances are calculated and used as quantitative indicators of grassland utilization intensity defined from different perspectives. Livestock amount at the pixel scale is obtained by pixel-by-pixel calculations based on the function relationship at the township scale between absolute disturbance and livestock density, which is specific quantitative indicator that considers the mode of grassland utilization. In simulating the potential EVI of grassland, the lag and accumulation effects of meteorological factors are investigated at the daily scale using a multi-objective genetic algorithm. Further, the nonlinear functions between multiple environmental factors (e.g., grassland type, topography, soil, meteorology) and the grassland EVI are established using an error back-propagation feedforward artificial neural network (ANN-BP) with parameter optimization. Finally, the potential EVIs of all grassland pixels are simulated on the basis of this model. The method is applied to the Selinco basin on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and validated by examining the spatial consistency of the results with township-scale livestock density and grazing pressure. The final results indicate that the proposed method can accurately detect the spatial distribution of grassland utilization intensity which is appliable in the similar regions.

5.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 557, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814838

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Arabidopsis protein disulfide isomerase 1 (AtPDI1) has been demonstrated to have disulfide isomerase activity and to be involved in the stress response. However, whether the anti-stress function is directly related to the activities of thiol-disulfide exchange remains to be elucidated. RESULTS: In the present study, encoding sequences of AtPDI1 of wild-type (WT) and double-cysteine-mutants were transformed into an AtPDI1 knockdown Arabidopsis line (pdi), and homozygous transgenic plants named pdi-AtPDI1, pdi-AtPDI1m1 and pdi-AtPDI1m2 were obtained. Compared with the WT and pdi-AtPDI1, the respective germination ratios of pdi-AtPDI1m1 and pdi-AtPDI1m2 were significantly lower under abiotic stresses and exogenous ABA treatment, whereas the highest germination rate was obtained with AtPDI1 overexpression in the WT (WT- AtPDI1). The root length among different lines was consistent with the germination rate; a higher germination rate was observed with a longer root length. When seedlings were treated with salt, drought, cold and high temperature stresses, pdi-AtPDI1m1, pdi-AtPDI1m2 and pdi displayed lower survival rates than WT and AtPDI1 overexpression plants. The transcriptional levels of ABA-responsive genes and genes encoding ROS-quenching enzymes were lower in pdi-AtPDI1m1 and pdi-AtPDI1m2 than in pdi-AtPDI1. CONCLUSION: Taken together, these results clearly suggest that the anti-stress function of AtPDI1 is directly related to the activity of disulfide isomerase.

6.
J Hepatocell Carcinoma ; 8: 1367-1373, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34805015

RESUMO

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major cause of liver-related mortality. Serum pentraxin 3 (PTX3) has been revealed to be associated with the development of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related HCC. This study evaluated whether serum PTX3 is related to the survival of HBV-related HCC patients. Methods: One hundred and seven patients with HBV-related HCC were included. Baseline serum PTX3 levels were quantified using quantitative immunoassay. The HCC patients were followed-up for a median of 24 months and divided into high serum PTX3 level and low PTX3 level groups according to the baseline serum PTX3 levels. The overall survivals of the HBV-related HCC patients according to the serum PTX3 levels were compared. Factors potentially influencing the prognosis of the patients with HBV-related HCC were analyzed. Results: HCC patients with high serum PTX3 levels [PTX3 > 9.25ng/mL (n=85)] had a shorter overall survival time than HCC patients with low serum PTX3 levels [PTX3 ≤ 9.25ng/mL (n=22)] (P = 0.049). HCC patients with serum PTX3 levels between >9.25ng/mL and ≤9.25ng/mL had significant difference in HCC histology grade. Multivariate analysis showed that PTX3 level was an independent risk factor related to the overall survival of HCC patients (hazard ratio: 1.058, 95% confidence interval: 1.031-1.085, P <0.001). Conclusion: These results support the involvement of PTX3 in the disease progression of HCC and suggest the potential of using serum PTX3 levels as a biomarker for the prognostic prediction of HBV-related HCC patients.

7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(21)2021 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34768890

RESUMO

Gram-negative (G-) bacteria are the leading cause of hospital-acquired pneumonia in the United States. The devastating damage caused by G- bacteria results from the imbalance of bactericidal effects and overwhelming inflammation. Despite decades of research, the underlying mechanisms by which runaway inflammation is developed remain incompletely understood. Clara Cell Protein 16 (CC16), also known as uteroglobin, is the major protein secreted by Clara cells and the most abundant protein in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). However, the regulation and functions of CC16 during G- bacterial infection are unknown. In this study, we aimed to assess the regulation of CC16 in response to Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneu) and to investigate the role of CC16 in bronchial epithelial cells. After K. pneu infection, we found that CC16 mRNA expression was significantly decreased in bronchial epithelial cells. Our data also showed that K. pneu infection upregulated cytokine and chemokine genes, including IL-1ß, IL-6, and IL-8 in BEAS-2B cells. Endogenously overexpressed CC16 in BEAS-2B cells provided an anti-inflammatory effect by reducing these markers. We also observed that endogenous CC16 can repress NF-κB reporter activity. In contrast, the recombinant CC16 (rCC16) did not show an anti-inflammatory effect in K. pneu-infected cells or suppression of NF-κB promoter activity. Moreover, the overexpression of CC16 reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and protected BEAS-2B cells from K. pneu-induced apoptosis.

8.
Cancer Commun (Lond) ; 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To date, there is no approved blood-based biomarker for breast cancer detection. Herein, we aimed to assess semaphorin 4C (SEMA4C), a pivotal protein involved in breast cancer progression, as a serum diagnostic biomarker. METHODS: We included 6,213 consecutive inpatients from Tongji Hospital, Qilu Hospital, and Hubei Cancer Hospital. Training cohort and two validation cohorts were introduced for diagnostic exploration and validation. A pan-cancer cohort was used to independently explore the diagnostic potential of SEMA4C among solid tumors. Breast cancer patients who underwent mass excision prior to modified radical mastectomy were also analyzed. We hypothesized that increased pre-treatment serum SEMA4C levels, measured using optimized in-house enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits, could detect breast cancer. The endpoints were diagnostic performance, including area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), sensitivity, and specificity. Post-surgery pathological diagnosis was the reference standard and breast cancer staging followed the TNM classification. There was no restriction on disease stage for eligibilities. RESULTS: We included 2667 inpatients with breast lesions, 2378 patients with other solid tumors, and 1168 healthy participants. Specifically, 118 patients with breast cancer were diagnosed with stage 0 (5.71%), 620 with stage I (30.00%), 966 with stage II (46.73%), 217 with stage III (10.50%), and 8 with stage IV (0.39%). Patients with breast cancer had significantly higher serum SEMA4C levels than benign breast tumor patients and normal controls (P < 0.001). Elevated serum SEMA4C levels had AUC of 0.920 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.900-0.941) and 0.932 (95%CI: 0.911-0.953) for breast cancer detection in the two validation cohorts. The AUCs for detecting early-stage breast cancer (n = 366) and ductal carcinoma in situ (n = 85) were 0.931 (95%CI: 0.916-0.946) and 0.879 (95%CI: 0.832-0.925), respectively. Serum SEMA4C levels significantly decreased after surgery, and the reduction was more striking after modified radical mastectomy, compared with mass excision (P < 0.001). The positive rate of enhanced serum SEMA4C levels was 84.77% for breast cancer and below 20.75% for the other 14 solid tumors. CONCLUSIONS: Serum SEMA4C demonstrated promising potential as a candidate biomarker for breast cancer diagnosis. However, validation in prospective settings and by other study groups is warranted.

9.
Int J Oncol ; 59(6)2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779489

RESUMO

Previous studies have showed that proteasome activator complex subunit 2 (PSME2) may play a role in some types of cancer. However, the involvement of PSME2 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to assess the poorly understood function of PSME2 expression in renal carcinoma. Using bioinformatics analysis, PSME2 mRNA expression profiles were investigated, along with its potential prognostic value and its functional enrichment. Signaling pathways and putative hub genes associated with PSME2 in ccRCC were identified. Based on the bioinformatics analysis results, immunohistochemistry of human ccRCC samples and renal carcinoma cell lines (CAKI­1 and 786­O) transfected with short interfering RNA targeting PSME2 were analyzed using western blot analysis, reverse transcription­quantitative PCR, immunofluorescence, and Cell Counting Kit­8, Transwell and transmission electron microscope assays. The results showed that when PSME2 expression was knocked down, the invasive abilities of the tumor cell lines were reduced, while autophagy was enhanced. The present study demonstrated that PSME2 was associated with the invasion ability of ccRCC cell lines by inhibiting BNIP3­mediated autophagy. In summary, PSME2 could be used as a prognostic factor and a promising therapeutic target in ccRCC.

10.
ISME J ; 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621017

RESUMO

Moderate soil drying (MSD) is a promising agricultural technique that can reduce water consumption and enhance rhizosheath formation promoting drought resistance in plants. The endophytic fungus Piriformospora indica (P. indica) with high auxin production may be beneficial for rhizosheath formation. However, the integrated role of P. indica with native soil microbiome in rhizosheath formation is unclear. Here, we investigated the roles of P. indica and native bacteria on rice rhizosheath formation under MSD using high-throughput sequencing and rice mutants. Under MSD, rice rhizosheath formation was significantly increased by around 30% with P. indica inoculation. Auxins in rice roots and P. indica were responsible for the rhizosheath formation under MSD. Next, the abundance of the genus Bacillus, known as plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria, was enriched in the rice rhizosheath and root endosphere with P. indica inoculation under MSD. Moreover, the abundance of Bacillus cereus (B. cereus) with high auxin production was further increased by P. indica inoculation. After inoculation with both P. indica and B. cereus, rhizosheath formation in wild-type or auxin efflux carrier OsPIN2 complemented line rice was higher than that of the ospin2 mutant. Together, our results suggest that the interaction of the endophytic fungus P. indica with the native soil bacterium B. cereus favors rice rhizosheath formation by auxins modulation in rice and microbes under MSD. This finding reveals a cooperative contribution of P. indica and native microbiota in rice rhizosheath formation under moderate soil drying, which is important for improving water use in agriculture.

11.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 722122, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675804

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the efficacy of various listed Chinese patent medicines combined with letrozole in the treatment of ovulation disorders using network meta-analysis (NMA). Methods: We conducted a systematic literature search in PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Embase, Chinese Biomedical Literature, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, and VIP Information databases up to June 2020. Randomized controlled trials reporting Chinese patent medicine combined with letrozole for ovulation disorders were included. The Stata 13 and WinBUGS1.43 software were used for data analysis. Results: A total of 24 randomized controlled trials were included, involving 2,318 patients. The results showed that when compared with patients using only letrozole, the ovulation rate was higher in patients using letrozole combined with Kuntai capsules, Fuke Zaizao capsules, Fufang Xuanju capsules, or Dingkun Dan, and Fufan Xuanju capsules showed the greatest improvement; the pregnancy rate was higher in patients using letrozole combined with Kuntai capsules, Fuke Zaizao capsules, or Dingkun Dan; and the endometrial thickness on the day of follicular maturity was greater in patients using letrozole combined with Kuntai capsules, Fuke Zaizao capsules, Fufang Xuanju capsules, Bailing capsules, or Dingkun Dan. In terms of the sequencing of NMA results, Fufang Xuanju capsules combined with letrozole gave the best results in improving the ovulation rate and increasing the endometrial thickness, while Dingkun Dan combined with letrozole achieved the best results for improving the pregnancy rate. Conclusion: Letrozole combined with Chinese patent medicine is more effective than letrozole alone in the treatment of ovulation disorders. Fufang Xuanju capsules is good at improving the ovulation rate and increasing the endometrial thickness. Dingkun Dan is good at improving the pregnancy rate. The appropriate choice of treatment should be made according to the actual clinical situation. This study is registered with the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (CRD42020200603).

12.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 727434, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34659154

RESUMO

Insect gut microbiota plays important roles in acquiring nutrition, preventing pathogens infection, modulating immune responses, and communicating with environment. Gut microbiota can be affected by external factors such as foods and antibiotics. Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is an important destructive pest of grain crops worldwide. The function of gut microbiota in S. frugiperda remains to be investigated. In this study, we fed S. frugiperda larvae with artificial diet with antibiotic mixture (penicillin, gentamicin, rifampicin, and streptomycin) to perturb gut microbiota, and then examined the effect of gut microbiota dysbiosis on S. frugiperda gene expression by RNA sequencing. Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, and Actinobacteria were the most dominant phyla in S. frugiperda. We found that the composition and diversity of gut bacterial community were changed in S. frugiperda after antibiotics treatment. Firmicutes was decreased, and abundance of Enterococcus and Weissella genera was dramatically reduced. Transcriptome analysis showed that 1,394 differentially expressed transcripts (DETs) were found between the control and antibiotics-treated group. The Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) results showed that antibiotics-induced dysbiosis affected many biological processes, such as energy production, metabolism, and the autophagy-lysosome signal pathway. Our results indicated that dysbiosis of gut microbiota by antibiotics exposure affects energy and metabolic homeostasis in S. frugiperda, which help better understand the role of gut microbiota in insects.

13.
Insects ; 12(10)2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34680707

RESUMO

Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), as one of the most notorious and destructive invasive agricultural pests in the world, causes damage to over 250 different types of fruits and vegetables throughout tropical and subtropical areas. PacBio single-molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing was used to generate the full-length transcriptome data of B. dorsalis. A total of 40,319,890 subreads (76.6 Gb, clean reads) were generated, including 535,241 circular consensus sequences (CCSs) and 386,916 full-length non-concatemer reads (FLNCs). Transcript cluster analysis of the FLNC reads revealed 22,780 high-quality reads (HQs). In total, 12,274 transcripts were functionally annotated based on four different databases. A total of 1978 SSR loci were distributed throughout 1714 HQ transcripts, of which 1926 were complete SSRs and 52 were complex SSRs. Among the total SSR loci, 2-3 nucleotide repeats were dominant, occupying 83.62%, of which di- and tri- nucleotide repeats were 39.38% and 44.24%, respectively. We detected 105 repeat motifs, of which AT/AT (50.19%), AC/GT (39.15%), CAA/TTG (32.46%), and ACA/TGT (10.86%) were the most common in di- and tri-nucleotide repeats. The repeat SSR motifs were 12-190 bp in length, and 1638 (88.02%) were shorter than 20 bp. According to the randomly selected microsatellite sequence, 80 pairs of primers were designed, and 174 individuals were randomly amplified by PCR using primers. The number of primers that had amplification products with clear bands and showed good polymorphism came to 41, indicating that this was a feasible way to explore SSR markers from the transcriptomic data of B. dorsalis. These results lay a foundation for developing highly polymorphic microsatellites for researching the functional genomics, population genetic structure, and genetic diversity of B. dorsalis.

14.
PeerJ ; 9: e11889, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34527437

RESUMO

Background: Loss of organic matter and mineral nutrients to soil erosion in rain-fed agriculture is a serious problem globally, especially in China's Loess Plateau. As a result, increasing rainwater usage efficiency by tied-ridge-furrow rainwater harvesting with biochar is expected to improve agricultural productivity. Nonetheless, with limited knowledge on tied-ridge-furrow rainwater harvesting with biochar, small-scale farmers face the challenge of adoption, thus, the rationale for this study. Materials and methods: A field experiment was conducted to determine the influence of open-ridging (OR) and tied-ridging (TR) with bio-degradable film on ridges and biochar in furrows on runoff, sediment losses, soil moisture, fodder yield, and water use efficiency (WUE) on sloped land, using flat planting (FP) without ridges and furrows as control, during alfalfa-growing year (2020). Results: Runoff in flat planting (30%), open ridging (45%), and tied ridging (52%) were decreased with biochar to the extent where sediment was decreased in flat planting (33%), open ridging (43%), and tied ridging (44%) as well. The mean runoff efficiency was lower in flat planting (31%), open ridging (45%), and tied ridging (50%) in biochar plots compared to no-biochar plots. In biochar and no-biochar plots, soil temperature on ridges of TR was higher than that on OR, which was higher than FP during alfalfa growing season. Soil temperature in furrows during alfalfa growing season in biochar and no-biochar plots were in the order FP > OR > TR. Mean soil water storage for FP, OR, and TR, in biochar plots was higher than in no-biochar plots. This indicates biochar has a beneficial impact on open riding. Total annual net fodder yield (NFY) was significantly (p = 0.00) higher in treatments in the order TR > OR > FP. Tied ridging had a significant effect on actual fodder yield (AFY) in biochar plots, while open ridging significantly affected AFY in no-biochar plots. Annual total mean NFY and AFY increased by 8% and 11% in biochar plots compared to no-biochar plots. In biochar and no-biochar plots, water use efficiency was in the order TR > OR > FP. Conclusively, water use efficiency was significantly higher (p = 0.01) in biochar plots compared to no-biochar plots. Conclusion: When crop production is threatened by soil erosion and drought, mulched tied-ridge with biochar is beneficial to crop growth in rain-fed agriculture, according to this research. Smallholder farmers should be trained on applying this technique for water-saving to mitigate runoff, soil erosion, sediment losses, and improve food security in semiarid areas.

15.
J Nurs Manag ; 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34590366

RESUMO

AIMS: To determine the effects of a hospital-based leisure activities programme on nurses' stress, self-perceived anxiety and depression. BACKGROUND: Nursing work in clinical settings is highly stressful and may result in an increase in nurses' turnover rate, which threatens the quality of nursing care and patient safety. METHODS: We used a mixed methods design and a three-month intervention (January to April, 2019) involving a convenience sample of 176 nurses working at a Chinese tertiary hospital. We conducted 12 semi-structured interviews and performed a content analysis. The pre- and post-intervention comparisons of nurses' stress, self-perceived anxiety and depression were performed using a paired t test. RESULTS: The 3-month leisure activities programme significantly decreased nurses' job stress (t = 3.80, p < .01), perceived personal stress (t = 3.30, p < .01), self-perceived anxiety (t = 3.76, p < .01) and depression (t = 2.73, p < .01). The qualitative findings revealed five mechanisms linking leisure activities to subjective well-being: detachment recovery, autonomy, mastery, meaning and affiliation. CONCLUSIONS: A hospital-based leisure activities programme had a positive effect on job stress, self-perceived anxiety and depression, thus improving nurses' well-being. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: A hospital-based leisure activities programme provides a beneficial strategy for ameliorating nurses' psychosocial issues. Interventions aimed at facilitating or increasing nurses' participation in leisure activities are greatly needed.

16.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 21(1): 179, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479513

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rash and cholestatic liver injury caused by methimazole (MMI) in patients with Turner syndrome (TS) and Graves's disease (GD) are rarely reported, and there is a paucity of reports on the management of this condition. It is not clear whether propylthiouracil (PTU) can be used as a safe alternative in this case. CASE PRESENTATION: A 37-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with rash, severe pruritus and a change in urine colour after 2 months of GD treatment with MMI. Physical examination showed rash scattered over the limbs and torso, mild jaundice of the sclera and skin, short stature, facial moles, immature external genitals and diffuse thyroid gland enlargement. Liver function tests indicated an increase in total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, total bile acid, glutamic pyruvic transaminase, glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase and alkaline phosphatase. The level of sex hormones suggested female hypergonadotropic hypogonadism. The karyotype of peripheral blood was 46, X, i(X)(q10)/45, X. After excluding biliary obstruction and other common causes of liver injury, combined with rash and abnormal liver function following oral administration of MMI, the patient was diagnosed as having TS with GD and rash and cholestatic liver injury caused by MMI. MMI was immediately discontinued, and eleven days after treatment with antihistamine and hepatoprotective agents was initiated, the rash subsided, and liver function returned to nearly normal. Because the patient did not consent to administration of 131I or thyroid surgery, hyperthyroidism was successfully controlled with PTU. No adverse drug reactions were observed after switching to PTU. CONCLUSIONS: While patients with TS and GD are undergoing treatment with MMI, their clinical manifestations, liver functions, and other routine blood test results should be closely monitored. When patients with TS and GD manifest adverse reactions to MMI such as rash and cholestatic liver injury, it is necessary to discontinue MMI and treat with antihistamine and hepatoprotective agents. After the rash subsides and liver function returns to nearly normal, PTU can effectively control hyperthyroidism without adverse drug reactions.

17.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(9)2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34573984

RESUMO

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection was first reported in Wuhan, China, and was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 20 March 2020. The respiratory system is the major organ system affected by COVID-19. Numerous studies have found lung abnormalities in patients with COVID-19, including shortness of breath, respiratory failure, and acute respiratory distress syndrome. The identification of lung-specific biomarkers that are easily measurable in serum would be valuable for both clinicians and patients with such conditions. This review is focused on the pneumoproteins and their potential to serve as biomarkers for COVID-19-associated lung injury, including Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6), surfactant proteins (SP-A, SP-B, SP-C, SP-D), and Clara cell secretory protein (CC16). The current findings indicate the aforementioned pneumoproteins may reflect the severity of pulmonary manifestations and could serve as potential biomarkers in COVID-19-related lung injury.

18.
Front Neurol ; 12: 720901, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34566864

RESUMO

Background: Survivors with spinal cord injury (SCI) have neuromuscular deficits such as muscle atrophy that lead to functional impairments. This study utilized myotonometry and electrical impedance myography (EIM) to quantitatively evaluate the changes in muscle mechanical properties and compositions after SCI. Methods: This study adopted a cross-sectional design. Eighteen SCI patients and 18 healthy individuals were recruited. The outcome measures were: (1) The myotonometer measured muscle mechanical parameters of oscillation frequency (freq), dynamic stiffness, logarithmic decrement (decr), mechanical stress relaxation time, and indication of creep. (2) The electrical impedance myography measured parameters of resistance (R), reactance (X), and phase angle (θ). (3) muscle strength (maxForce); (4) clinical scales of Manual Muscle Testing (MMT) and modified Ashworth scale (MAS). All outcome measures were compared between the bicep brachii muscle of the weaker side of the SCI group and the non-dominate side of the healthy group. Correlation analysis was performed at quantitative data and clinical scales. Results: Freq, stiffness, and maxForce of the SCI group were significantly lower (p < 0.01) than those of the healthy control. The relaxation time and creep were significantly higher in the SCI group than in the control group. Significant differences of R and Xc were observed between the two groups. Significant correlation was observed between freq, stiffness, and months past injury, and between Xc, creep, and relaxation time. Conclusions: Reduced muscle tone and stiffness might relate to muscle atrophy, and higher relax time and creep may be caused by poor contractile ability. The changes in EIM parameters could indirectly reflect the muscle cell size, and fatty and connective tissue alterations. These findings support the feasibility of myotonometer and EIM to quantify muscle mechanical and intrinsic properties in patients with SCI. The results could facilitate the understanding of neuromuscular changes that are related to functional impairments.

19.
Med Ultrason ; 2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34379709

RESUMO

AIMS: To evaluate the effect of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) for the diagnosis of an abscess and to compare the diagnostic accuracy of POCUS and physical examination (PE) in paediatric patients with skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) in the emergency department. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was carried out to identify Englishlanguage studies on POCUS for differentiating an abscess from cellulitis in paediatric patients with SSTI. The quality of the study was assessed by the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies 2 tool, and pooled sensitivity and specificity of various POCUS findings were determined. RESULTS: Seven studies with a total of 870 patients were included. There was significant heterogeneity across the included studies. The pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio, and diagnostic odds ratio for the diagnosis of abscess by POCUS were 0.90 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.82-0.95), 0.80 (95% CI, 0.72-0.86), 4.5 (95% CI, 3.1-6.4), 0.13 (95% CI, 0.07-0.23), and 36 (95% CI, 17-75), respectively, with an area under the curve (AUC) was 0.89 (95% CI, 0.86-0.91). Four studies provided data regarding the PE method. The pooled sensitivity, specificity, and AUC of PE for the abscess were 0.84 (95% CI, 0.80-0.88), 0.69 (95% CI, 0.62-0.76), and 0.85 (95% CI, 0.81-0.88). CONCLUSIONS: POCUS is useful in identifying abscesses in paediatric patients with SSTI in emergency department, especially when PE is equivocal and outperforms PE alone.

20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445383

RESUMO

As crucial signal transducers, G-proteins and G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) have attracted increasing attention in the field of signal transduction. Research on G-proteins and GPCRs has mainly focused on animals, while research on plants is relatively rare. The mode of action of G-proteins is quite different from that in animals. The G-protein α (Gα) subunit is the most essential member of the G-protein signal cycle in animals and plants. The G-protein is activated when Gα releases GDP and binds to GTP, and the relationships with the GPCR and the downstream signal are also achieved by Gα coupling. It is important to study the role of Gα in the signaling pathway to explore the regulatory mechanism of G-proteins. The existence of a self-activated Gα in plants makes it unnecessary for the canonical GPCR to activate the G-protein by exchanging GDP with GTP. However, putative GPCRs have been found and proven to play important roles in G-protein signal transduction. The unique mode of action of G-proteins and the function of putative GPCRs in plants suggest that the same definition used in animal research cannot be used to study uncanonical GPCRs in plants. This review focuses on the different functions of the Gα and the mode of action between plants and animals as well as the functions of the uncanonical GPCR. This review employs a new perspective to define uncanonical GPCRs in plants and emphasizes the role of uncanonical GPCRs and Gα subunits in plant stress resistance and agricultural production.


Assuntos
Subunidades alfa de Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Plantas/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico , Animais , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Guanosina Difosfato/metabolismo , Guanosina Trifosfato/metabolismo , Humanos , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
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