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1.
Eur Radiol ; 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480625

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The study was to develop a Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI radiomics model for preoperative prediction of VETC and patient prognosis in hepatocellular cancer (HCC). METHODS: The study included 182 (training cohort: 128; validation cohort: 54) HCC patients who underwent preoperative Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI. Volumes of interest including intratumoral and peritumoral regions were manually delineated in the hepatobiliary phase images, from which 1316 radiomics features were extracted. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and multivariable logistic regression were used to select the useful features. Clinical, intratumoral, peritumoral, combined radiomics, and clinical radiomics models were established using machine learning algorithms. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to assess early recurrence and progression-free survival (PFS) in the VETC + and VETC- patients. RESULTS: In the validation cohort, the area under the curves (AUCs) of radiomics models were higher than that of the clinical model using random forest (all p < 0.05). The peritumoral radiomics model (AUC = 0.972;95% confidence interval [CI]:0.887-0.998) had significantly higher AUC than intratumoral model (AUC = 0.919; 95% CI: 0.811-0.976) (p = 0.044). There were no significant differences in AUC between intratumoral or peritumoral radiomics model (PR) and combined radiomics model (p > 0.05). Early recurrence and PFS were significantly different between the PR-predicted VETC + and VETC- HCC patients (p < 0.05). PR-predicted VETC was independent predictor of early recurrence (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.08[1.31-3.28]; p = 0.002) and PFS (HR: 1.95[1.20-3.17]; p = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: The intratumoral or peritumoral radiomics model may be useful in predicting VETC and patient prognosis preoperatively. The peritumoral radiomics model may yield an incremental value over intratumoral model. KEY POINTS: • Radiomics models are useful for predicting vessels encapsulating tumor clusters (VETC) and patient prognosis preoperatively. • Peritumoral radiomics model may yield an incremental value over intratumoral model in prediction of VETC. • Peritumoral radiomics-model-predicted VETC was an independent predictor of early recurrence and progression-free survival.

2.
3.
J Clin Neurosci ; 90: 82-88, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275586

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Recurrent high-grade glioma, a malignant tumor of the brain or spinal cord associated with poor prognosis with a median survival of <6 months. Recurrent high-grade glioma does not have standard treatment even if some strategies have some effect in recurrent gliomas. Apatinib, as a tyrosine kinase inhibitor shown to be effective in treating the lung and gastric cancer. The present study investigated the efficacy and safety of apatinib in combination with dose-dense regimens of temozolomide for treating recurrent glioma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients with recurrent high-grade glioma were enrolled and treated with apatinib (500 mg/day) and TMZ (50 mg/m2/day). Patients who achieved partial response or stable disease continued treatment. Administration of drug was terminated for patients with progressive disease, who could not tolerate toxicity, and who required discontinuation due to other medical conditions. RESULTS: From the 18 cases, only 17 were included in the evaluation of the curative effect of the drug and in that four showed partial responses, ten had stable disease, remaining three exhibited progressive disease. The disease control rate was 82.3% (14/17). Progression-free and overall survival was found to be 4 months and 9.1 months, respectively. Three patients became transiently capable of self-care (Karnofsky performance status >70). Cognition and quality of life improved after treatment and from the safety perspective, three most common adverse reactions included epilepsy (24.1%), hypertension (20.7%), and fatigue (17.2%). CONCLUSION: Apatinib and TMZ may represent an alternative treatment option for patients with recurrent high-gradeglioma, especially those with a low Karnofsky performance status. However, studies using a larger sample size are required to confirm these findings.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Piridinas/uso terapêutico , Temozolomida/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Glioma/mortalidade , Glioma/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Qualidade de Vida , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Cancer Imaging ; 21(1): 46, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225808

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the performance of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based radiomics models for benign and malignant prostate lesion discrimination and extracapsular extension (ECE) and positive surgical margins (PSM) prediction. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In total, 459 patients who underwent multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) before prostate biopsy were included. Radiomic features were extracted from both T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC). Patients were divided into different training sets and testing sets for different targets according to a ratio of 7:3. Radiomics signatures were built using radiomic features on the training set, and integrated models were built by adding clinical characteristics. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs) were calculated to assess the classification performance on the testing sets. RESULTS: The radiomics signatures for benign and malignant lesion discrimination achieved AUCs of 0.775 (T2WI), 0.863 (ADC) and 0.855 (ADC + T2WI). The corresponding integrated models improved the AUC to 0.851/0.912/0.905, respectively. The radiomics signatures for ECE achieved the highest AUC of 0.625 (ADC), and the corresponding integrated model achieved the highest AUC (0.728). The radiomics signatures for PSM prediction achieved AUCs of 0.614 (T2WI) and 0.733 (ADC). The corresponding integrated models reached AUCs of 0.680 and 0.766, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The MRI-based radiomics models, which took advantage of radiomic features on ADC and T2WI scans, showed good performance in discriminating benign and malignant prostate lesions and predicting ECE and PSM. Combining radiomics signatures and clinical factors enhanced the performance of the models, which may contribute to clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Extensão Extranodal , Margens de Excisão , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética Multiparamétrica/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 17(3): 671-675, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34269298

RESUMO

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, accuracy, and safety of computed tomographic (CT)-guided coil localization before video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Methods: One hundred and eighty-four consecutive patients with 200 pulmonary nodules who underwent CT-guided percutaneous coil localization before thoracoscopic surgery were retrospectively analyzed in this study. Success rate for localization, complication rates, CT findings, and pathological results of the lesions, as well as the data related to surgery were all recorded and analyzed. Results: All 184 patients with 200 lesions completed localization and resection. The success rate of the coil localization on lesion baseline was 99.0% (198/200) and 98.9% (182/184) on patient baseline. The number of wedge resection, segmental resection, and lobectomy were 179 (89.5%), 19 (9.5%), and 2 (1.0%), respectively. The malignancy rates in a lesion-based analysis were 83.5% (91.1% in ground-glass nodules, 91.4% in part-solid nodules, and 37.9% in solid nodules). No serious complications occurred in all localization procedures. Conclusion: Preoperative CT-guided percutaneous coil localization is a safe and effective method to facilitate high success rates for both wedge and segmental resection for peripheral pulmonary nodules.

6.
Ann Hum Genet ; 2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185889

RESUMO

In the early 2000s, emerging SARS-CoV-2, which is highly pathogenic, posed a great threat to public health. During COVID-19, epigenetic regulation is deemed to be an important part of the pathophysiology and illness severity. Using the Illumina Infinium Methylation EPIC BeadChip (850 K), we investigated genome-wide differences in DNA methylation between healthy subjects and COVID-19 patients with different disease severities. We conducted a combined analysis and selected 35 "marker" genes that could indicate a SARS-CoV-2 infection, including 12 (ATHL1, CHN2, CHST15, CPLX2, CRHR2, DCAKD, GNAI2, HECW1, HYAL1, MIR510, PDE11A, and SMG6) situated in the promoter region. The functions and pathways of differentially methylated genes were enriched in biological processes, signal transduction, and the immune system. In the "Severe versus Mild" group, differentially methylated genes, after eliminating duplicates, were used for PPI analyses. The four hub genes (GNG7, GNAS, PRKCZ, and PRKAG2) that had the highest degree of nodes were identified and among them, GNG7 and GNAS genes expressions were also downregulated in the severe group in sequencing results. Above all, the results suggest that GNG7 and GNAS may play a non-ignorable role in the progression of COVID-19. In conclusion, the identified key genes and related pathways in the current study can be used to study the molecular mechanisms of COVID-19 and may provide possibilities for specific treatments.

7.
BMC Med Imaging ; 21(1): 100, 2021 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34130644

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nuclear protein Ki-67 indicates the status of cell proliferation and has been regarded as an attractive biomarker for the prognosis of HCC. The aim of this study is to investigate which radiomics model derived from different sequences and phases of gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced MRI was superior to predict Ki-67 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), then further to validate the optimal model for preoperative prediction of Ki-67 expression in HCC. METHODS: This retrospective study included 151 (training cohort: n = 103; validation cohort: n = 48) pathologically confirmed HCC patients. Radiomics features were extracted from the artery phase (AP), portal venous phase (PVP), hepatobiliary phase (HBP), and T2-weighted (T2W) images. A logistic regression with the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regularization was used to select features to build a radiomics score (Rad-score). A final combined model including the optimal Rad-score and clinical risk factors was established. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, Delong test and calibration curve were used to assess the predictive performance of the combined model. Decision cure analysis (DCA) was used to evaluate the clinical utility. RESULTS: The AP radiomics model with higher decision curve indicating added more net benefit, gave a better predictive performance than the HBP and T2W radiomic models. The combined model (AUC = 0.922 vs. 0.863) including AP Rad-score and serum AFP levels improved the predictive performance more than the AP radiomics model (AUC = 0.873 vs. 0.813) in the training and validation cohort. Calibration curve of the combined model showed a good agreement between the predicted and the actual probability. DCA of the validation cohort revealed that at a range threshold probability of 30-60%, the combined model added more net benefit compared with the AP radiomics model. CONCLUSIONS: A combined model including AP Rad-score and serum AFP levels based on enhanced MRI can preoperatively predict Ki-67 expression in HCC.

8.
Prenat Diagn ; 41(8): 989-997, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34128545

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Before evaluating spinal pathology, it is essential to have knowledge of the normal spinal development at different gestational ages. This study aims to characterize normal spinal growth in human fetuses during the second and third trimesters. METHODS: Postmortem 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed on 55 fetuses at 17-42 gestational weeks by using three-dimensional T2-weighted sequences. Morphological changes and quantitative measurements of the fetal spine were assessed. The correlation between centrum ossification center volume (COCV) and gestational age was investigated. RESULTS: The cervical, thoracic, and lumbar COCVs showed a positive relationship with gestational age (p < 0.05). No gender differences were found in the volumetric development of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar centrum ossification centers (COCs). The average volumetric growth rate per COC was larger in the lumbar spine than in the cervical and thoracic spine. The L1-L5 COCVs also showed a linear positive relationship with gestational age. CONSULTS: Postmortem 3.0 T MRI clearly demonstrated spinal changes in external contour and internal structure with gestational age. These findings expand our understanding of the early growth pattern of the human spine and could be further used to assess the developmental conditions of the fetal spine.

9.
EBioMedicine ; 68: 103395, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34049247

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accurate identification of pelvic lymph node metastasis (PLNM) in patients with prostate cancer (PCa) is crucial for determining appropriate treatment options. Here, we built a PLNM-Risk calculator to obtain a precisely informed decision about whether to perform extended pelvic lymph node dissection (ePLND). METHODS: The PLNM-Risk calculator was developed in 280 patients and verified internally in 71 patients and externally in 50 patients by integrating a set of radiologists' interpretations, clinicopathological factors and newly refined imaging indicators from MR images with radiomics machine learning and deep transfer learning algorithms. Its clinical applicability was compared with Briganti and Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) nomograms. FINDINGS: The PLNM-Risk achieved good diagnostic discrimination with areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUCs) of 0.93 (95% CI, 0.90-0.96), 0.92 (95% CI, 0.84-0.97) and 0.76 (95% CI, 0.62-0.87) in the training/validation, internal test and external test cohorts, respectively. If the number of ePLNDs missed was controlled at < 2%, PLNM-Risk provided both a higher number of ePLNDs spared (PLNM-Risk 59.6% vs MSKCC 44.9% vs Briganti 38.9%) and a lower number of false positives (PLNM-Risk 59.3% vs MSKCC 70.1% and Briganti 72.7%). In follow-up, patients stratified by the PLNM-Risk calculator showed significantly different biochemical recurrence rates after surgery. INTERPRETATION: The PLNM-Risk calculator offers a noninvasive clinical biomarker to predict PLNM for patients with PCa. It shows improved accuracy of diagnosis support and reduced overtreatment burdens for patients with findings suggestive of PCa. FUNDING: This work was supported by the Key Research and Development Program of Jiangsu Province (BE2017756) and the Suzhou Science and Technology Bureau-Science and Technology Demonstration Project (SS201808).

10.
Int J Infect Dis ; 104: 685-692, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33540129

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Almost a year after the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), many hospitalized COVID-19 patients have recovered. However, little is known about the long-term follow-up (> 2 months) of discharged patients. METHODS: This study enrolled 527 discharged COVID-19 patients from 05 February to 11 March 2020. Basic characteristics, imaging features, nucleic acid detection results, and antibody levels of these patients were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Of the 527 discharged patients, 32 (6.1%) had re-detectable positive (RP) nucleic acid results for SARS-CoV-2 during follow-up examinations, with 11 and four detections entailing stool samples and anal swabs, respectively, rather than respiratory samples. Juveniles were more susceptible to "infection recurrence" than other age groups, with shorter time spans for re-detectable positive (RP) RNA tests (an average of 8.8 days [6.0-9.0 days]), while the reverse was true for the middle-aged group (17.5 days on average [14.0-17.5 days]). Similar improvements in the imaging features of both RP and no RP (NRP) groups were observed. Negative antibody detections in patients at 3 and 6 months after discharge were 14.2% and 25.0%, respectively. Cases evidencing negative antibodies were more common among juvenile patients (40% vs. 15.6%, P=0.03) 6 months post-discharge. CONCLUSIONS: A total of 6.1% of 527 discharged patients showed RP status, which may be easier to be identified from stool samples than from other samples. Given the dropping rate of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies, reinfection may happen, especially in juvenile patients (aged<18 years). These findings have implications for the long-term management of recovered COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/virologia , Teste de Ácido Nucleico para COVID-19 , Teste Sorológico para COVID-19 , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Alta do Paciente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
11.
J Surg Oncol ; 123(5): 1336-1344, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33523526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma (MALToma) is the most frequent subset of primary pulmonary lymphoma. This study aimed to identify radiologic characteristics of pulmonary MALToma based on computed tomography (CT) observations and pathologic features, and further investigate its prognosis. METHODS: Sixty-six patients (55.4 ± 10.9 years; 51.5% male) diagnosed as pulmonary MALToma by pathology were retrospectively enrolled. According to distributions and features of lesions shown on CT, patients were divided into three patterns, including single nodular/mass, multiple nodular/mass, and pneumonia-like consolidative. RESULTS: Variety of the location and extent of the lymphomatous infiltration accounted for different characteristics demonstrated at CT. The pneumonia-like consolidative pattern was the most frequent pattern observed in 42 patients (63.6%), followed by single nodular/mass (21.2%) and multiple nodular/mass (15.2%). CT features included air bronchogram (72.7%), well-marginated halo sign (53.0%), coarse spiculate with different lengths (72.7%), angiogram sign (77.1% of 35 patients), peribronchovascular thickening (48.5%), irregular cavitation (16.7%) and pulmonary cyst (7.6%). The estimated 5-year cumulative overall survival rate of pulmonary MALToma was 100.0%. CONCLUSIONS: Pulmonary MALToma demonstrates several characteristics at CT. Identification of the significant pulmonary abnormalities of this indolent disease entity might be helpful for early diagnosis and optimal treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Eur Radiol ; 31(8): 5840-5850, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33533990

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the value of gadobenate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA)-enhanced biliary imaging from the hepatobiliary phase in predicting hepatic decompensation and insufficiency for patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: This single-center retrospective study included 270 patients who underwent Gd-BOPTA-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. The relative enhancement ratios of the biliary system (REB) and liver parenchyma (REL) in patients with normal liver function without underlying chronic liver disease and three groups of patients with Child-Pugh A, Child-Pugh B, and Child-Pugh C disease were measured. After a mean follow-up of 38.5 ± 22.5 months, prognostic factors were evaluated using the Cox proportional hazards regression model. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses were performed to assess the capacity of the REB and REL to predict the development of hepatic decompensation and insufficiency. RESULTS: During the follow-up period, nine of 79 patients with Child-Pugh A disease developed hepatic decompensation. The REB was a significant predictive factor (hazard ratio (HR) = 0.40 (0.19-0.84); p = 0.016), but the REL showed no association with hepatic decompensation. Moreover, the areas under the ROC curves (AUCs) were 0.83 and 0.52 for the REB and REL, respectively. Thirty-eight of 207 patients with cirrhosis developed hepatic insufficiency. The REB was a significant predictive factor (HR = 0.24 (0.13-0.46); p < 0.0001), but the REL did not show statistically significant association with hepatic insufficiency. The AUCs were 0.82 and 0.57 for the REB and REL, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Gd-BOPTA-enhanced biliary imaging from the hepatobiliary phase was valuable in predicting hepatic decompensation and insufficiency for cirrhotic patients. KEY POINTS: • Gd-BOPTA-enhanced biliary imaging was a significant predictive factor for hepatic decompensation in patients with cirrhosis. • Gd-BOPTA-enhanced biliary imaging was a significant predictive factor for hepatic insufficiency in patients with cirrhosis. • Gd-BOPTA-enhanced biliary imaging showed superior predictive values for adverse clinical outcomes compared to liver parenchymal imaging at the hepatobiliary phase.


Assuntos
Sistema Biliar , Compostos Organometálicos , Meios de Contraste , Gadolínio DTPA , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Meglumina/análogos & derivados , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Br J Radiol ; 94(1119): 20200950, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33417489

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the non-invasive prediction of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with vessels encapsulating tumor clusters (VETC) based on qualitative and quantitative imaging features of gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced MRI. METHODS: 109 patients with pathologically confirmed HCC who underwent Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI and immunochemical staining for CD34 were retrospectively evaluated in our institution (the first affiliated hospital of Soochow university). Pre-operative imaging features of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI were qualitatively and quantitatively reviewed by radiologists. Significant variables for differentiating the VETC-positive and VETC-negative HCCs were identified in univariate and multivariate analyses. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed to determine the optimal cut-off values for quantitative variables. The nomogram based on the coefficient of multivariate analysis was constructed to evaluate the probability of VETC-positive HCCs. RESULTS: The multivariate analysis showed that the serum AST level >40 U l-1 (p = 0.007), non-rim diffuse and heterogeneous arterial phase hyperenhancement (p = 0.035), tumor-to-liver SI ratio of 1.135 or more on AP images (p = 0.001), and tumor-to-liver SI ratio of 0.585 or less on HBP images (p = 0.002) were significant predictors for predicting VETC-positive HCCs. Combing all four significant variables provided a diagnostic accuracy of 82.6%, sensitivity of 83.9%, specificity of 80.9% for identifying VETC status. The area under the receiver operating characteristics curve value of the logistical regression coefficient-based nomogram was 0.885 (95% confidence intervals, 0.824-0.946). CONCLUSION: Qualitative and quantitative imaging features of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI integrating laboratory examination can provide good diagnostic performance. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: VETC is a novel identified microvascular pattern; associations between imaging features and VETC status have not been investigated. Pre-operative diagnosis of VETC status in HCC is essential to help predict the outcome of patients and make a decision for the therapeutic schedule.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Gadolínio DTPA , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Neovascularização Patológica/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Meios de Contraste , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
14.
Carcinogenesis ; 42(2): 303-314, 2021 02 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33124657

RESUMO

The 5-year survival rate of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) can reach 60%. However, nearly half of patients undergo relapse/refractory issues with a survival period of less than 2 years. New therapeutic approaches are therefore needed to improve chemotherapy efficacy and patient survival. Bufalin (BF), isolated from the traditional Chinese medicine Chansu, has been reported to play an anticancer role in multiple cancer cell types. However, there are few reports of the effects of BF on the growth of DLBCL. In the present study, we demonstrated that BF exerts antitumor activity in DLBCL cells, both in vitro and in vivo. Treatment of DLBCL cells with BF resulted in increased proliferation and apoptosis in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Daily intraperitoneal injection of 1.5 mg/kg BF significantly delayed DLBCL xenograft growth in NOD/SCID mice without affecting body weight. Bioinformatics analysis showed that BF may regulate NFATC1 protein and affect expression of its downstream gene, cMYC. Our results suggest that BF can attenuate NFATC1 translocation by reducing the intracellular calcium concentration; BF may also have a low synergistic effect with cyclosporin A. In conclusion, we demonstrated that BF exerts antitumor activity that is mediated at least in part by the Ca2+/NFATC1/cMYC pathway. Our findings suggest that BF can be effectively applied as a novel potential therapeutic agent for DLBCL.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Bufanolídeos/farmacologia , Sinalização do Cálcio/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Bufanolídeos/uso terapêutico , Sinalização do Cálcio/genética , Carcinogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinogênese/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Fatores de Transcrição NFATC/genética , Fatores de Transcrição NFATC/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
15.
Neuroradiology ; 63(4): 555-562, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33057747

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Previous studies have indicated disrupted functional connectivity in multiple brain regions and resting-state networks in episodic migraine, but it is unclear how brain network property is disrupted in chronic migraine. METHODS: Using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging and voxel-wise functional connectivity density analysis, we examined the large-scale functional connectivity pattern over the whole brain in 17 patients with chronic migraine without medication overuse compared to 35 healthy controls. The associations between functional connectivity density and clinical variables were also explored. RESULTS: Compared with controls, chronic migraine patients showed decreased local and distant functional connectivity density in the dorsolateral and medial prefrontal cortexes and precuneus and increased local and distant functional connectivity density in the hippocampal complex. The patients also presented increased local functional connectivity density in the orbital frontal gyrus and cerebellum and increased distant functional connectivity density in the temporal pole. Moreover, local functional connectivity density in several brain regions, such as the left superior temporal gyrus and dorsal anterior cingulate cortex, was found to be correlated with headache frequency or pain intensity. CONCLUSION: Chronic migraine is associated with functional connectivity alterations in regions involved in multisensory integration, affective and cognitive processing, and pain modulation. Both local and distant functional connectivity density are complementary biomarkers for investigating the neural mechanism of this disorder. Some local functional connectivity density alterations may be useful for assessing the disease burden of chronic migraine.

16.
Brain Imaging Behav ; 15(1): 60-67, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898090

RESUMO

Neuroimaging studies have implicated abnormal brain microstructure in episodic migraine (EM), but whether the pattern is altered during migraine chronification is not well known. Fifty-six patients with migraine without aura, including 39 EM patients and 17 chronic migraine (CM) patients, and 35 healthy controls (HCs) were enrolled. Voxel-based morphometry analysis was performed to assess gray matter (GM) volume differences among groups and their association with clinical feature was examined. Compared with the HC group, both migraine groups showed increased GM volume in the periaqueductal grey matter (PAG) and decreased GM volume in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). The left hippocampus/parahippocampal gyrus (PHG) volume of the HC group was smaller than that of the EM group, but was larger than that of the CM group. For the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC), the EM group showed the smallest GM volume while the CM group had the largest volume. Higher headache frequency was associated with greater GM volume in the PAG and dlPFC, but was associated with smaller GM volume in the ACC and hippocampus/PHG across all patients. GM volume changes in regions involved in pain generation and control are potential neural mechanism underlying migraine, and are associated with migraine types and headache frequency.


Assuntos
Enxaqueca sem Aura , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Cinzenta/diagnóstico por imagem , Cefaleia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Enxaqueca sem Aura/diagnóstico por imagem
17.
Dev Neurobiol ; 81(1): 36-46, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33277816

RESUMO

In this study, the morphological changes in the central sulcus between children with isolated growth hormone deficiency (IGHD) and those with idiopathic short stature (ISS) were analyzed. Thirty children with IGHD (peak growth hormone < 5 µg/L) and 30 children with ISS (peak growth hormone > 10.0 µg/L) were included. Morphological measurements of the central sulcus were obtained from T1-weighted MRIs using BrainVISA, including the average sulcal width, maximum depth, average depth, top length, bottom length, and depth position-based profiles (DPPs). The bilateral average width of the central sulci was significantly wider, while the left maximum depth and right average depth of the central sulcus were significantly smaller, in children with IGHD than in children with ISS. There were no significant differences in the right maximum depth, left average depth, or bilateral top length and bottom length of the central sulcus between groups. The DPPs of the middle part of both central sulci (corresponding to the hand motor activation area) and the inferior part of the right central sulcus (corresponding to the oral movement area) near the Sylvian fissure were significantly smaller in children with IGHD than in controls before false discovery rate (FDR) correction. However, all the above significant DPP sites disappeared after FDR correction. There were significant morphological changes in the three-dimensional structure of the central sulcus in children with IGHD, which were the outcome of other more essential cortical or subcortical changes, resulting in their relatively slower development in motor, cognitive, and linguistic functional performance.

18.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 53(4): 1210-1219, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33075177

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a requirement for a personalized strategy to make MRI more accessible to men with suspicion of clinically significant prostate cancer (CSPC). PURPOSE: To evaluate an optimized (Op)-MRI compared with biparametric (Bp)-MRI and multiparametric (Mp)-MRI for the diagnosis of CSPC. STUDY TYPE: Two-center, retrospective. SUBJECTS: A total of 346 patients from center 1 and 292 patients from center 2. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 3.0T scanners, T2 -weighted imaging (T2 WI), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) imaging. ASSESSMENT: Four radiologists interpreted the Bp-MRI (T2 WI and DWI) and Mp-MRI (T2 WI, DWI, and DCE) independently according to the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS). For Op-MRI, two radiologists used an adjusted decision rule on Bp-MRI-assessed PI-RADS 3 lesions by determining early enhancement of DCE. Pathologies at biopsy and/or prostatectomy specimens were used as standard references. STATISTICAL TESTS: Performance was assessed using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Kappa statistics were used to assess interobserver variability. RESULTS: Interreader agreement was excellent for all three MRI assessments (all κ values >0.80). Op-MRI had comparable sensitivity (senior/junior: 90.9% [261/287] / 91.6% [263/287]) and higher specificity (78.1% [274/351] /74.4% [261/351]) compared with Mp-MRI (sensitivity: 92.3% [265/287] / 93.7% [269/287]; specificity: 67.8% [238/351] / 68.1% [239/351]) and Bp-MRI (sensitivity: 91.6% [263/287] / 93.4% [268/287]; specificity: 71.2% [250/351] / 70.1% [246/351]) for the diagnosis of CSPC. Compared to Mp-MRI, Op-MRI spared biopsy in 80.7% (515/638) of DCE scans with similar performance accuracy. Compared to Bp-MRI, Op-MRI downgraded 25.2% (31/123) of lesions at a cost of missing 6.5% (3/46) of malignancies, and upgraded 45.5% (56/123) of lesions with a positive predictive value of 62.5% (35/56) in 123 equivocal findings. DATA CONCLUSION: The Op-MRI, using an adjusted PI-RADS decision rule, did not compromise diagnostic accuracy with sparing biopsy in 80.7% of DCE scans compared to Mp-MRI, and outperformed Bp-MRI by regrading PI-RADS lesions. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4 TECHNICAL EFFICACY STAGE: 2.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 37(1): 117-124, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32803483

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to assess the value of echocardiography for intraoperative guidance during closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defects (pmVSD) and to assess outcomes of these patients. We identified and assessed 78 patients who underwent 2- and 3-dimensional echocardiography-guided mini-invasive per-atrial closure of pmVSD in the cardiac surgery department of our institution, from February 2016 to August 2018, and 76 patients who underwent transcatheter closure of VSD guided by fluoroscopy at the pediatric department (percutaneous control group). All the patients underwent echocardiography. Their clinical data were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. All patients were followed up using transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) for a maximum of 24 months after the closure. All patients underwent successful device implantation. Echocardiography showed that the major immediate complications included residual shunt, pericardial effusion, and tricuspid regurgitation in the per-atrial group. During the mid-term follow-up period, TTE revealed that the most common complication was tricuspid regurgitation (non-preexisting). There were no cases of VSD recurrence, device displacement, valvular injury, malignant arrhythmias, hemolysis, or death. Moreover, according to the TTE data, the intracardiac structure of the patients were improved. Compared to the control group, the intracardiac manipulation time was shorter and the number of patients with residual shunts, redeployment of devices, or immediate new tricuspid regurgitations was fewer when using 2- and 3-dimensional echocardiography. However, the procedure time in the per-atrial group was slightly longer than that in the control group. Two- and 3-dimensional echocardiography are feasible monitoring tools during mini-invasive per-atrial VSD closure. The short- and mid-term follow-up showed satisfactory results compared to fluoroscopy.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco , Ecocardiografia Tridimensional , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Comunicação Interventricular/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Comunicação Interventricular/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
20.
Acad Radiol ; 2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33268210

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Coronary CT angiography (CCTA) is a noninvasive reliable cardiovascular imaging technology to assess coronary atherosclerosis progression. However, there is limited data available to investigate the relationship between the atherosclerosis progression and cardiovascular events in patients with nonobstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 757 patients (53.4 ± 9.5 years, 61.2% male) with nonobstructive CAD (1%-49% diameter stenosis) who underwent baseline and follow-up CCTA were retrospectively included in this study. Coronary atherosclerosis and its changing were analyzed by these following semi-quantitative scores: (1) obstructive plaque scores (three-vessel plaque score and severe proximal plaque score); (2) scores exhibiting plaque distribution and extent (segment stenosis score and segment involvement score); (3) coronary artery calcium score. The end points of this study were the major adverse cardiac events (MACE), which included cardiac death, coronary revascularization, nonfatal myocardial infarction and hospitalization due to unstable angina. RESULTS: The average time between scans was 2.0 years. After their second scan, 82 (10.8%) patients experienced MACE during 4.9 ± 1.0 years follow-up. Combined baseline and follow-up CCTA together, we found that the progression of coronary atherosclerosis was significantly higher in patients with MACE than those without (all p < 0.05). Diabetes mellitus (hazard ratio [HR] = 3.17, p < 0.001), dyslipidemia (HR = 1.69, p = 0.046), and family history of CAD (HR = 1.79, p = 0.005) were independently associated with MACE. Three vessel plaque progression (HR = 2.37, p = 0.026) and severe proximal plaque progression (HR = 3.65, p = 0.003) were strong predictors of MACE. CONCLUSION: Coronary atherosclerosis progression had a predictive value of MACE in patients with nonobstructive CAD.

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