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1.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 207: 114432, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34715580

RESUMO

The traditional Chinese medicine syndrome "Kidney yang deficiency" is a kind of chronic kidney disease. With the development of society, the incidence of chronic kidney disease is increasing year by year, which also brings great economic pressure to people. Semen Cuscutae is an important traditional Chinese medicine to tonify liver and kidney, mainly used to tonify deficiency of liver and kidney, spleen and kidney deficiency and diarrhea. Although there are a lot of research at the molecular and cellular level to study the Semen Cuscutae on the treatment of Kidney yang deficiency syndrome, but there's no comprehensive research complete with metabolomics method from plasma, feces and urine metabolites aspects. The purpose of this study is to find the potential differential biomarkers of the Kidney yang deficiency model and blank group rats in plasma, urine and feces, and to investigate the mechanism of Semen Cuscutae in the treatment of Kidney yang deficiency syndrome. In this study, ultra high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight Mass Spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF/MS) was used to identify potential biomarkers. Through the analysis of metabolic profiles of plasma, urine, and feces, as well as multivariate statistical analysis and pathway analysis, the therapeutic mechanism of Semen Cuscutae for Kidney yang deficiency syndrome was described. The results showed that there were 69 differential metabolites in plasma, 93 differential metabolites in feces and 62 differential metabolites in urine, and the changes of the levels of these biomarkers showed that Semen Cuscutae had a good therapeutic effect on Kidney yang deficiency syndrome. Through the analysis of the channel, the metabolite changes mainly affected the steroid hormone biosynthesis, arachidonic acid metabolism, primary bile acid biosynthesis, sheath lipid metabolism and biosynthesis of tyrosine, phenylalanine metabolism, retinol metabolism,taurine and hypotaurine metabolism, lysine degradation and vitamin B6 metabolism, tryptophan metabolism, terpenoid backbone biosynthesis and starch and sucrose metabolism. Therefore, the results suggested that Semen Cuscutae could exert a good therapeutic effect by reversing the levels of some biomarkers.


Assuntos
Metabolômica , Sêmen , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Rim , Espectrometria de Massas , Ratos
2.
PhytoKeys ; 182: 57-66, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34629927

RESUMO

A new species, Cyclorhizapuana J. Zhou & Z.W. Liu (Apiaceae) from Sichuan Province of China, is described and illustrated here. Morphological comparisons with congeneric species revealed that it is distinguished by its slender habit, sparse annular scars, 4-pinnatisect leaf blade with ultimate segments linear (2-4×0.5-1 mm), subequal rays, oblong fruits with slightly thickened ribs, obconic stylopodium and slightly concave seed face. A molecular analysis based on nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences indicated that C.puana is genetically distinct from the other two species of the genus. A distribution map, as well as an updated key, are provided for the species of Cyclorhiza.

3.
Yi Chuan ; 43(10): 930-937, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34702705

RESUMO

With the rapid development of high-throughput sequencing technology and computer science, the amount of large omics data has increased exponentially, the advantages of multi-omics analysis have gradually emerged, and the application of artificial intelligence has become more and more extensive. In this review, we introduce the application progress of multi-omics data analysis and artificial intelligence in the medical field in recent years, and also show the cases and advantages of their combined application. Finally, we briefly explain the current challenges of multi-omics analysis and artificial intelligence in order to provide new research ideas for the medical industry and to promote the development and application of precision medicine.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Big Data , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Medicina de Precisão
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(18): 4689-4696, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581077

RESUMO

The sustainable use of medicinal plants is the foundation of the inheritance of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and the acquisition of information on medicinal plants is the basis for the development of TCM. The traditional methods of investigating medicinal plant resources are disadvantageous in strong subjectivity and poor timeliness, making it difficult to real-time monitor medicinal plant resources. In recent years, remote sensing technology has become an important means of obtaining information on medicinal plants. The application of this technology has made up for the shortcomings of traditional methods. The open-access remote sensing data with medium spatial resolution satellites provide an opportunity for extracting information on medicinal plant resources. This study firstly introduced the principles of remote sensing technology, summarized the satellites and the parameters commonly used in the field of medicinal plant resources, and compared the survey methods of remote sensing technology with traditional methods. Secondly, it reviewed the applications of remote sensing technology in the extraction of information on the cultivation of medicinal plants and the common methods for extracting the planting structure information of medicinal plants based on remote sensing technology. Thirdly, the applications of remote sensing technology in the investigation and monitoring of medicinal plants were further analyzed with the research objects divided into wild and cultivated medicinal plants according to the characteristics of the habitats. Finally, it pointed out the key unsolved technical problems in the remote sensing monitoring of medicinal plant resources, and proposed solutions for the intelligent information processing of medicinal plants based on remote sensing big data, which is expected to provide references for the development of remote sensing technology in derivative application in medicinal plant resources.


Assuntos
Plantas Medicinais , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto
5.
Radiat Res ; 196(4): 429-435, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399423

RESUMO

Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) is the key rate-limiting enzyme in the regulation of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) biosynthesis, and its activity is critical for the replenishment of NAD level as well as cell survival or death. As one of the most important components in the electron transport chain of complex I in mitochondrion, sustained supply of NAD is essential to the maintenance of energy metabolism both in normal and cancer cells. Recent research showed that X-ray radiation sharply downregulated the expression of NAMPT, which may be the main cause of radiation damage in salivary gland. Consistently, upregulation of NAMPT by phenylephrine restored the function and tissue structure of salivary gland, indicating the cytoprotective role of NAMPT in preventing radiation damage in normal tissues of patients with head and neck cancer during radiotherapy. On the other hand, NAMPT downregulation and NAD depletion could induce cell death in oral squamous cell cancer, suggesting that a combination of NAMPT inhibitor and radiotherapy presents a promising therapeutic strategy for cancer treatment. Based on our and other's studies, NAMPT may have dual roles in cancer radiotherapy: the upregulation of NAMPT could serve to suppress radiotherapy complications such as radiation sialadenitis, and combination regimens that involve NAMPT inhibitors may enhance efficacy of radiotherapy for cancer treatment.

6.
Yi Chuan ; 43(7): 694-703, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284984

RESUMO

As a potent insulinotrophic hormone, glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) is mainly secreted by intestinal L cells, which can effectively promote the release of insulin and thus reduce blood glucose. Therefore, GLP-1 and its analogs have a good prospect in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. In this study, we constructed mouse intestinal organoids that overexpress GLP-1 by optimizing the GLP-1 lentivirus infection method. We found that supernatants secreted by the GLP-1 overexpression organoids effectively enhanced glucose tolerance in wild-type and diabetic mouse. Thus, the GLP-1 overexpression organoids built in this study may provide a novel strategy for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon , Animais , Glicemia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Glucagon , Insulina , Camundongos , Organoides
7.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 5040326, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34257801

RESUMO

The function and mechanism underlying the suppression of human osteosarcoma cells by ginsenoside-Rg5 (Rg5) was investigated in the present study. MG-63, HOS, and U2OS cell proliferation was determined by MTT assay after Rg5 treatment for 24 h. Rg5 inhibited human osteosarcoma cell proliferation effectively in a dose-dependent manner. The range of effective inhibitory concentrations was 160-1280 nM. Annexin V-FITC and PI double-staining assay revealed that Rg5 induced human osteosarcoma cell apoptosis. Western blotting, qRT-PCR, and FACS experiments revealed that Rg5 inhibited human osteosarcoma cells via caspase-3 activity which was related to the LC3-mediated autophagy pathway. Rg5 decreased the phosphorylation of PI3K, Akt, and mTORC1 activation. In contrast, LC3-mediated autophagy and caspase-3 activity increased significantly. A PI3K/AKT stimulator, IGF-1, reversed Rg5-induced cell autophagy and apoptosis in MG-63 cells. Collectively, the current study demonstrated that Rg5 induced human osteosarcoma cell apoptosis through the LC3-mediated autophagy pathway. Under physiological conditions, activation of PI3K/AKT/mTORC1 inhibits LC3 activity and caspase-3-related cell apoptosis. However, Rg5 activated LC3 activity by inhibiting the activation of PI3K/AKT/mTORC1. The present study indicated that Rg5 could be a promising candidate as a chemotherapeutic agent against human osteosarcoma.

8.
Mil Med Res ; 8(1): 37, 2021 06 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34148549

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is the main life-threatening complication of crush syndrome (CS), and myoglobin is accepted as the main pathogenic factor. The pattern recognition receptor retinoicacid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) has been reported to exert anti-viral effects function in the innate immune response. However, it is not clear whether RIG-I plays a role in CS-AKI. The present research was carried out to explore the role of RIG-I in CS-AKI. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into two groups: the sham and CS groups (n = 12). After administration of anesthesia, the double hind limbs of rats in the CS group were put under a pressure of 3 kg for 16 h to mimic crush conditions. The rats in both groups were denied access to food and water. Rats were sacrificed at 12 h or 36 h after pressure was relieved. The successful establishment of the CS-AKI model was confirmed by serum biochemical analysis and renal histological examination. In addition, RNA sequencing was performed on rat kidney tissue to identify molecular pathways involved in CS-AKI. Furthermore, NRK-52E cells were treated with 200 µmol/L ferrous myoglobin to mimic CS-AKI at the cellular level. The cells and cell supernatant samples were collected at 6 h or 24 h. Small interfering RNAs (siRNA) was used to knock down RIG-I expression. The relative expression levels of molecules involved in the RIG-I pathway in rat kidney or cells samples were measured by quantitative Real-time PCR (qPCR), Western blotting analysis, and immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) was detected by ELISA. Co-Immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) assays were used to detect the interaction between RIG-I and myoglobin. RESULTS: RNA sequencing of CS-AKI rat kidney tissue revealed that the different expression of RIG-I signaling pathway. qPCR, Western blotting, and IHC assays showed that RIG-I, nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) P65, p-P65, and the apoptotic marker caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-3 were up-regulated in the CS group (P < 0.05). However, the levels of interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3), p-IRF3 and the antiviral factor interferon-beta (IFN-ß) showed no significant changes between the sham and CS groups. Co-IP assays showed the interaction between RIG-I and myoglobin in the kidneys of the CS group. Depletion of RIG-I could alleviate the myoglobin induced expression of apoptosis-associated molecules via the NF-κB/caspase-3 axis. CONCLUSION: RIG-I is a novel damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) sensor for myoglobin and participates in the NF-κB/caspase-3 signaling pathway in CS-AKI. In the development of CS-AKI, specific intervention in the RIG-I pathway might be a potential therapeutic strategy for CS-AKI.


Assuntos
Caspase 3/efeitos dos fármacos , NF-kappa B/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Helicases/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/fisiopatologia , Alarminas , Animais , China , Síndrome de Esmagamento/sangue , Síndrome de Esmagamento/complicações , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Mioglobina/farmacologia , Mioglobina/uso terapêutico , RNA Helicases/uso terapêutico , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
9.
Front Genet ; 12: 629856, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34017352

RESUMO

Aims: Chaperonin-containing TCP1 subunit (CCT) 6A is an oncogenic 6th subunit of the CCT family. Nevertheless, not much is documented regarding its function in colorectal cancer (COAD). This investigation seeks to explore the role of CCT6A in the prognosis of COAD. Main Methods: Sequencing data from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and Cancer Genome Atlas database (TCGA) were employed to analyze the expression of CCT6A and its involvement in various regulatory networks behind COAD. Oncomine and Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) analyzed Levels of expression and survival rates, while GEPIA was used to uncover further the functional networks that involved CCT6A. Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) tools were used to interpret Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways. Evaluation of the expression levels of CCT6A in COAD samples was also verified via immunohistochemistry. Key Findings: We found that the expression of CCT6A is up-regulated in COAD. CCT6A correlated with poor prognosis and decreased immune infiltrates such as CD4+ T cells, B cells, and dendritic cells. CCT6A is increased in COAD patients. CCT6A is associated with several gene networks related to the DDX family and mismatch repair pathways. Significance: Our data showed that data mining was able to uncover data regarding levels of CCT6A and its involvement in genetic regulating pathways in COAD.

10.
Mol Psychiatry ; 26(2): 383-395, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33432190

RESUMO

The GABAB receptor (GABABR) agonist baclofen has been used to treat alcohol and several other substance use disorders (AUD/SUD), yet its underlying neural mechanism remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate cortical GABABR dynamics following chronic alcohol exposure. Ex vivo brain slice recordings from mice chronically exposed to alcohol revealed a reduction in GABABR-mediated currents, as well as a decrease of GABAB1/2R and G-protein-coupled inwardly rectifying potassium channel 2 (GIRK2) activities in the motor cortex. Moreover, our data indicated that these alterations could be attributed to dephosphorylation at the site of serine 783 (ser-783) in GABAB2 subunit, which regulates the surface expression of GABABR. Furthermore, a human study using paired-pulse-transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) analysis further demonstrated a reduced cortical inhibition mediated by GABABR in patients with AUD. Our findings provide the first evidence that chronic alcohol exposure is associated with significantly impaired cortical GABABR function. The ability to promote GABABR signaling may account for the therapeutic efficacy of baclofen in AUD.


Assuntos
Canais de Potássio Corretores do Fluxo de Internalização Acoplados a Proteínas G , Córtex Motor , Animais , Baclofeno/farmacologia , Canais de Potássio Corretores do Fluxo de Internalização Acoplados a Proteínas G/metabolismo , Humanos , Camundongos , Receptores de GABA-B/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
11.
Yi Chuan ; 43(1): 84-93, 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33509777

RESUMO

As a best-characterized epigenetic modification, DNA methylation plays an important role in mammalian development. Uhrf1 is a critical epigenetic regulator that can bind to hemimethylated DNA and recruit DNA methyltransferase 1 to maintain DNA methylation. So far, the role of Uhrf1-mediated DNA methylation in intestinal development is still unknown. In order to investigate the impact of Uhrf1 deletion in intestinal development, we have successfully constructed the epithelial-specific Uhrf1 knockout mouse model. After Uhrf1 ablation, we found the mutant mice exhibited abnormal epithlial structure with less and shorter villi and shrinked crypts compared with wild type mice via hematoxylin-eosin staining. Further analysis showed that Uhrf1 deletion in the intestinal epithelium significantly decreased the cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis. In addition, Uhrf1 deletion inhibited the normal epithelial differentiation and the expression of intestinal stem cell marker genes. Preliminary mechanism study revealed that loss of Uhrf1 caused global DNA hypomethylation which induced DNA damage in crypt cells. Taken together, our data suggested that DNA methylation mediated by Uhrf1 is vital for the normal intestinal development. Our results enriched the in vivo role of Uhrf1 and laid the foundation for further epigenetic regulatory mechanism exploration.


Assuntos
Proteínas Estimuladoras de Ligação a CCAAT/fisiologia , Metilação de DNA , Epigênese Genética , Intestinos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/fisiologia , Animais , Proteínas Estimuladoras de Ligação a CCAAT/genética , Deleção de Genes , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética
12.
JAMA ; 325(1): 50-58, 2021 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33300950

RESUMO

Importance: Among all subtypes of breast cancer, triple-negative breast cancer has a relatively high relapse rate and poor outcome after standard treatment. Effective strategies to reduce the risk of relapse and death are needed. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and adverse effects of low-dose capecitabine maintenance after standard adjuvant chemotherapy in early-stage triple-negative breast cancer. Design, Setting, and Participants: Randomized clinical trial conducted at 13 academic centers and clinical sites in China from April 2010 to December 2016 and final date of follow-up was April 30, 2020. Patients (n = 443) had early-stage triple-negative breast cancer and had completed standard adjuvant chemotherapy. Interventions: Eligible patients were randomized 1:1 to receive capecitabine (n = 222) at a dose of 650 mg/m2 twice a day by mouth for 1 year without interruption or to observation (n = 221) after completion of standard adjuvant chemotherapy. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was disease-free survival. Secondary end points included distant disease-free survival, overall survival, locoregional recurrence-free survival, and adverse events. Results: Among 443 women who were randomized, 434 were included in the full analysis set (mean [SD] age, 46 [9.9] years; T1/T2 stage, 93.1%; node-negative, 61.8%) (98.0% completed the trial). After a median follow-up of 61 months (interquartile range, 44-82), 94 events were observed, including 38 events (37 recurrences and 32 deaths) in the capecitabine group and 56 events (56 recurrences and 40 deaths) in the observation group. The estimated 5-year disease-free survival was 82.8% in the capecitabine group and 73.0% in the observation group (hazard ratio [HR] for risk of recurrence or death, 0.64 [95% CI, 0.42-0.95]; P = .03). In the capecitabine group vs the observation group, the estimated 5-year distant disease-free survival was 85.8% vs 75.8% (HR for risk of distant metastasis or death, 0.60 [95% CI, 0.38-0.92]; P = .02), the estimated 5-year overall survival was 85.5% vs 81.3% (HR for risk of death, 0.75 [95% CI, 0.47-1.19]; P = .22), and the estimated 5-year locoregional recurrence-free survival was 85.0% vs 80.8% (HR for risk of locoregional recurrence or death, 0.72 [95% CI, 0.46-1.13]; P = .15). The most common capecitabine-related adverse event was hand-foot syndrome (45.2%), with 7.7% of patients experiencing a grade 3 event. Conclusions and Relevance: Among women with early-stage triple-negative breast cancer who received standard adjuvant treatment, low-dose capecitabine maintenance therapy for 1 year, compared with observation, resulted in significantly improved 5-year disease-free survival. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01112826.


Assuntos
Capecitabina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Capecitabina/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Seguimentos , Síndrome Mão-Pé/etiologia , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Manutenção , Mastectomia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasia Residual , Observação , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/mortalidade , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/cirurgia
14.
Cancer Res ; 80(24): 5583-5596, 2020 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33093168

RESUMO

T-cell exhaustion was initially identified in chronic infection in mice and was subsequently described in humans with cancer. Although the distinct signature of exhausted T (TEX) cells in cancer has been well investigated, the molecular mechanism of T-cell exhaustion in cancer is not fully understood. Using single-cell RNA sequencing, we report here that TEX cells in esophageal cancer are more heterogeneous than previously clarified. Sprouty RTK signaling antagonist 1 (SPRY1) was notably enriched in two subsets of exhausted CD8+ T cells. When overexpressed, SPRY1 impaired T-cell activation by interacting with CBL, a negative regulator of ZAP-70 tyrosine phosphorylation. Data from the Tumor Immune Estimation Resource revealed a strong correlation between FGF2 and SPRY1 expression in esophageal cancer. High expression of FGF2 was evident in fibroblasts from esophageal cancer tissue and correlated with poor overall survival. In vitro administration of FGF2 significantly upregulated expression of SPRY1 in CD8+ T cells and attenuated T-cell receptor-triggered CD8+ T-cell activation. A mouse tumor model confirmed that overexpression of FGF2 in fibroblasts significantly upregulated SPRY1 expression in TEX cells, impaired T-cell cytotoxic activity, and promoted tumor growth. Thus, these findings identify FGF2 as an important regulator of SPRY1 expression involved in establishing the dysfunctional state of CD8+ T cells in esophageal cancer. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings reveal FGF2 as an important regulator of SPRY1 expression involved in establishing the dysfunctional state of CD8+ T cells and suggest that inhibition of FGF2 has potential clinical value in ESCC. GRAPHICAL ABSTRACT: http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/canres/80/24/5583/F1.large.jpg.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Feminino , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/farmacologia , Humanos , Células Jurkat , Ativação Linfocitária , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteína Oncogênica v-cbl/genética , Proteína Oncogênica v-cbl/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas/genética , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Transfecção
15.
Mycologia ; 112(3): 588-605, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32315246

RESUMO

CORTINARIUS: is a species-rich ectomycorrhizal genus containing taxa that exhibit agaricoid or sequestrate basidiome morphologies. In New Zealand, one of the most recognizable and common Cortinarius species is the purple sequestrate fungus, C. porphyroideus. We used genome skimming of the almost 100-y-old type specimen from C. porphyroideus to obtain the nuc rDNA internal transcribed spacer region ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 (ITS barcode) and partial nuc rDNA 28S (28S) sequences. The phylogenetic position of C. porphyroideus was established, and we found that it represents a rarely collected species. Purple sequestrate Cortinarius comprise multiple cryptic species in several lineages. We describe four new species of Cortinarius with strong morphological similarity to C. porphyroideus: Cortinarius diaphorus, C. minorisporus, C. purpureocapitatus, and C. violaceocystidiatus. Based on molecular evidence, Thaxterogaster viola is recognized as Cortinarius violaceovolvatus var. viola. These species are associated with Nothofagus (southern beech) and have very similar morphology to C. porphyroideus but are all phylogenetically distinct based on molecular data.


Assuntos
Cor , Cortinarius/classificação , Cortinarius/genética , DNA Fúngico/genética , Micorrizas/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 28S , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico , Nova Zelândia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
16.
Zootaxa ; 4731(4): zootaxa.4731.4.9, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32230288

RESUMO

A new species of the genus Sovia Evans, 1949, viz. S. liuzihaoi Huang Fan sp. nov. is described from Mt. Ailao, Xinping Yi and Dai Autonomous County, representing a remarkable geographically southward extension of this genus in Yunnan Province, Southwestern China. In general appearance S. liuzihaoi Huang Fan sp. nov. resembles S. separata magna (Evans, 1932), but in our molecular phylogenetic analyses, this species is clustered with S. lii Xue, 2015. The adults and male genitalia of the new species and related species are illustrated.


Assuntos
Lepidópteros , Animais , China , Genitália Masculina , Masculino , Filogenia
17.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol ; 396: 114999, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32278511

RESUMO

Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy. 131I ablation therapy is an effective treatment for patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) but frequently causes radiation damage in salivary glands (SGs). Stem cell-based regenerative therapy has been found to reduce radiation sialadenitis. We hypothesize that microtubule motor-regulating protein lissencephaly-1 (LIS1) may be a key stem cell regulator responsible for its efficacy and that upregulating LIS1 would decrease131I-induced radiation sialadenitis. Here, we report that LIS1 was reduced by 131I in submandibular glands (SMGs) of rats, using both proteomic analysis and Western blot approach. Moreover, the levels of LIS1-Sca-1 and LIS1-SOX2 were downregulated by 131I together with the decrease of LIS1. In contrast, phenylephrine pretreatment enhanced LIS1 and improved the co-expressions and co-localizations of LIS1-Sca-1 and LIS1-SOX2 in 131I-irradiated SMGs. Since Sca-1 and SOX2 are the established stem cell biomarkers in salivary gland, our findings demonstrate that LIS1 may be a potential target for regulating stem cell maintenance in irradiated SGs. Importantly, phenylephrine may have the ability to promote endogenous stem cell regeneration in SMGs via upregulating the LIS1/Sca-1 and LIS1/SOX2 signaling pathways, suggesting that phenylephrine application before 131I ablation therapy may provide a practical and effective way to prevent radiation sialadenitis for DTC patients.


Assuntos
Agonistas de Receptores Adrenérgicos alfa 1/uso terapêutico , Radioisótopos do Iodo/toxicidade , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Fenilefrina/uso terapêutico , Lesões Experimentais por Radiação/tratamento farmacológico , Células-Tronco/efeitos dos fármacos , Glândula Submandibular/efeitos da radiação , Animais , Western Blotting , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Glândula Submandibular/efeitos dos fármacos , Glândula Submandibular/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(8): 577-82, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475491

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion on renal function and expression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), integrin-linked kinase (ILK) and bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7) in chronic renal failure (CRF) rabbits, so as to reveal its mechanisms underlying improvement of CRF. METHODS: Twenty-four male New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into control, model, medication and herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion (moxibustion) groups (n=6 rabbits in each group). The CRF model was established by gavage of suspension of Adenine (150 mg·kg-1·d-1) for 21 days. Herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion was applied to "Mingmen"(GV4) and bilateral "Shenshu"(BL23), "Pishu"(BL20) and for 5 moxa-cones every time. Rabbits of the medication group was treated by gavage of Losartan Potassium (2.33 mg·kg-1·d-1). All the treatments were conducted once daily,12 times a course for consecutive 3 courses with a two-day rest after each course of treatment. Serum creatinine (Scr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and 24 h urine protein contents were detected by using an automatic biochemical analyzer. The expression levels of CTGF, ILK and BMP-7 proteins and mRNA in the kidney tissue were determined by Western blot and quantitative real time-PCR, separately. RESULTS: Following modeling, Scr and BUN and 24 h urine protein contents were significantly increased in the model group in comparison with the control group (P<0.01). After the intervention, Scr and BUN contents were all significantly decreased in both the moxibustion and medication groups relevant to the model group (P<0.01), suggesting an improvement of the renal function. Compared with the control group, the expression levels of ILK and CTGF mRNAs and proteins were obviously up-regulated (P<0.01), and those of BMP-7 mRNA and protein significantly decreased in the model group (P<0.01). In comparison with the model group, the expression levels of ILK and CTGF mRNAs and proteins were significantly down-regulated in the two treatment groups (P<0.01, P<0.05), and those of BMP-7 mRNA and protein markedly increased in the two treatment groups (P<0.01). In comparison with the medication group, the expression level of ILK protein was significantly up-regulated (P<0.01) and BMP-7 protein was significantly down-regulated (P<0.01) in the moxibustion group. No significant differences were found between the medication and moxibustion groups in down-regulating the levels of Scr, BUN and 24 h urine protein and expression of ILK mRNA, CTGF mRNA and protein and BMP-7 mRNA(P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion can improve renal function in CRF rabbits, which may be related to its effects in suppressing the expression of ILK and CTGF, and in up-regulating the expression of BMP-7 in the kidney tissue.


Assuntos
Falência Renal Crônica , Moxibustão , Animais , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 7 , Fator de Crescimento do Tecido Conjuntivo , Masculino , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases , Coelhos
19.
Chemistry ; 25(62): 14108-14116, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478561

RESUMO

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have been extensively explored as advanced chemical sensors in recent years. However, there are few studies on MOFs as acidic gas sensors, especially proton conductive MOFs. In this work, two new proton-conducting 3D MOFs, {[Co3 (p-CPhHIDC)2 (4,4'-bipy)(H2 O)]⋅2 H2 O}n (1) (p-CPhH4 IDC=2-(4-carboxylphenyl)-1 H-imidazole-4,5-dicarboxylic acid; 4,4'-bipy=4,4'-bipyridine) and {[Co3 (p-CPhHIDC)2 (bpe)(H2 O)]⋅3 H2 O}n (2) (bpe=trans-1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene) have been solvothermally prepared and investigated their formic acid sensing properties. Both MOFs 1 and 2 show temperature- and humidity-dependent proton conductive properties and exhibit optimized proton conductivities of 1.04×10-3 and 7.02×10-4  S cm at 98 % relative humidity (RH) and 100 °C, respectively. The large number of uncoordinated carboxylic acid sites, free and coordination water molecules, and hydrogen-bonding networks inside the frameworks are favorable to the proton transfer. By measuring the impedance values after exposure to formic acid vapor at 98 % or 68 % RH and 25 °C, both MOFs indicate reproducibly high sensitivity to the analyte. The detection limit of formic acid vapor is as low as 35 ppm for 1 and 70 ppm for 2. Meanwhile, both MOFs also show commendable selectivity towards formic acid among interfering solutions. The proton conducting and formic acid sensing mechanisms have been suggested according to the structural analysis, Ea calculations, N2 and water vapor absorptions, PXRD and SEM measurements. This work will open a new avenue for proton-conductive MOF-based impedance sensors and promote the potential application of these MOFs for indirectly monitoring the concentrations of formic acid vapors.

20.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 39(9): 1024-6, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544397

RESUMO

An experimental device is designed to solve the problem of fixing rabbits and providing moxibustion treatment at the same time. The device includes a rabbit fixing box and a moxibustion shelf. The rabbit fixing box and the moxibustion shelf are detachable, and could be used for moxibustion at the chest-back and abdomen of rabbits. A moxibustion device is placed on the moxibustion shelf. The moxibustion device can be moved forward, backward, leftward, rightward, upward and downward on the moxibustion shelf. It meets the requirements of moxibustion at multiple meridians or acupoints on the chest-back and abdomen at the same time. The moxibustion device is equipped with moxa cone or stick, which not only ensures the full burning of moxa, but also prevents the falling of moxa from hurting rabbits. In conclusion, the device has novel and unique structure, is safe and reliable, and easy to operate. It is an innovation in the experimental device of moxibustion, which could promote the animal experiment of moxibustion.


Assuntos
Meridianos , Moxibustão , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Moxibustão/instrumentação , Coelhos
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