Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 250
Filtrar
1.
Mol Med Rep ; 23(4): 1, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33537800

RESUMO

Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic respiratory infectious disease. Certain microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) are reported to be involved in regulating TB progression. The present study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic potential of miR­125b in pulmonary TB. The expression levels of miR­125b and Raf1 proto­oncogene serine/threonine protein kinase (RAF1) were analyzed via reverse transcription­quantitative (RT­q)PCR in patients with TB. The correlation between miR­125b and the clinical indicators was investigated, and a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of miR­125b. The relationship between miR­125b and RAF1 was examined using the dual luciferase reporter gene assay. IL­6, TNF­α, NF­κB and IFN­Î³ levels were detected using ELISA kits, and then the correlation between miR­125b expression and the levels of IL­6, TNF­α, NF­κB, IFN­Î³ and RAF1 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was analyzed. Moreover, RAF1 mRNA and protein expression levels were detected via RT­qPCR and western blotting. The results demonstrated that miR­125b expression was decreased in patients with TB, while RAF1 expression was increased. Furthermore, miR­125b expression was associated with sputum acid­fast bacillus smear. The area under the ROC curve of miR­125b was 0.9413, and the sensitivity and specificity of miR­125b expression for TB were 90 and 92.5%, respectively. IL­6, TNF­α, NF­κB and IFN­Î³ levels were negatively correlated with miR­125b expression, and were inhibited by miR­125b in PBMCs. Moreover, miR­125b targeted RAF1 to negatively regulate its expression levels. RAF1 reversed the role of miR­125b in attenuating IL­6, TNF­α, NF­κB and IFN­Î³ levels in PBMCs. The present study demonstrated that the levels of IL­6, TNF­α, NF­κB and IFN­Î³ were negatively correlated with miR­125b expression in PBMCs. Thus, it was suggested that miR­125b served important roles in the occurrence and development of TB by decreasing the levels of IL­6, TNF­α, NF­κB and IFN­Î³ by inhibiting RAF1.

2.
Chemosphere ; 272: 129869, 2021 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33592511

RESUMO

A simultaneous sampling of atmospheric and seawater samples was performed in the Taiwan Western Strait, western Arctic Ocean, and the Antarctic Ocean. Analysis of both particle and gas phase PFAS in oceanic air was conducted using cascade impactor particle fractionator, cryogenic air sampler and activated charcoal fiber sorbent for the first time with application in the Taiwan Western Strait. Mean concentration of Σ12PFAS in surface seawater and atmospheric samples were 1178 pg/L and 24 pg/m3 in the Taiwan Western Strait, 430 pg/L and 6 pg/m3 in the western Arctic Ocean, and 456 pg/L and 3 pg/m3 in the Antarctic Ocean. In oceanic air from the Taiwan Western Strait, fluorotelomer alcohol (FTOH) and the ionic PFAS [perfluoroalkyl sulfonic acid (PFSA) and perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acid (PFCA)] were found in 76% and 7% respectively. Regional comparison of air/water exchange (KAW) and gas-particle (Kp) partition coefficients of PFAS in the oceanic environment indicated potential partitioning of ionic PFAS between surface seawater and oceanic air. These findings highlight the advancement in atmospheric PFAS measurements through combined novel technologies, namely size-fractionated particle sampling with cryogenic air trapping and/or activated charcoal sorption. Correlation between Kp and carbon chain length of PFAS was observed using both hyphenated techniques.

3.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e928022, 2021 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33550326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of the 3D-printed artificial vertebral body vs the titanium mesh cage in repairing bone defects for single-level anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF). MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 51 consecutive patients who underwent single-level ACCF in Huai'an Second People's Hospital from July 2017 to August 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. According to the implant materials used, patients were divided into a 3D-printed artificial vertebral body group (3D-printed group) (n=20; 12 males, 8 females) and a titanium mesh cage group (TMC group) (n=31; 15 males, 16 females). General data, radiological parameters, and clinical outcomes were recorded. RESULTS The rate of subsidence in the 3D-printed group (0.01, 2/20) was lower than in the TMC group (0.29, 9/31) (P<0.05). HAE and HPE of the patients in the 3D-printed group were significantly higher than those in the TMC group (P<0.05). C2-C7 Cobb angle and SA of the patients in the 3D-printed group were significantly larger than those in the TMC group (P<0.05). All patients in the 2 groups showed significant improvement in VAS, JOA, and NDI scores at 3 months and 1 year after surgery. CONCLUSIONS 3D-printed artificial vertebral body helps maintain intervertebral height and cervical physiological curvature and is a good candidate for ACCF.

4.
J Sep Sci ; 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33400832

RESUMO

An ultra high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with linear ion trap-Orbitrap mass spectrometry method had been used to identify chemical constituents in Yinchen Qingjin Granules. A total of 117 chemical constituents were tentatively identified based on the molecular weight, the mass fragmentation behavior, and the comparison with retention time and accurate mass of reference standards. Meanwhile, an ultra high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry method has been developed to evaluate the quality of Yinchen Qingjin Granules through a simultaneous determination of ten components, namely gallic acid, shanzhiside, neochlorogenic acid, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, geniposide, liquirition, isoliquirition, glycyrrhizic acid, and rhein. Altogether, content levels of each compound ranged from 0.228 to 8.712 mg/g. At the same time, a hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography combined with UV for the quantification of sarmentosin in Yinchen Qingjin Granules is presented and its content was from 5.608 to 6.200 mg/g. The linearity, accuracy, and precision of these two validation methods were satisfactory. The both determination methods were successfully used for the analysis of six batches of Yinchen Qingjin Granules samples made in China and could be as suitable analytical method for quality control.

5.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2021 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33503260

RESUMO

Maintenance of stem-cell identity requires proper regulation of enhancer activity. Both transcription factors OCT4/SOX2/NANOG and histone methyltransferase complexes MLL/SET1 were shown to regulate enhancer activity, but how they are regulated in embryonic stem cells (ESCs) remains further studies. Here, we report a transcription factor BACH1, which directly interacts with OCT4/SOX2/NANOG (OSN) and MLL/SET1 methyltransferase complexes and maintains pluripotency in mouse ESCs (mESCs). BTB domain and bZIP domain of BACH1 are required for these interactions and pluripotency maintenance. Loss of BACH1 reduced the interaction between NANOG and MLL1/SET1 complexes, and decreased their occupancy on chromatin, and further decreased H3 lysine 4 trimethylation (H3K4me3) level on gene promoters and (super-) enhancers, leading to decreased enhancer activity and transcription activity, especially on stemness-related genes. Moreover, BACH1 recruited NANOG through chromatin looping and regulated remote NANOG binding, fine-tuning enhancer-promoter activity and gene expression. Collectively, these observations suggest that BACH1 maintains pluripotency in ESCs by recruiting NANOG and MLL/SET1 complexes to chromatin and maintaining the trimethylated state of H3K4 and enhancer-promoter activity, especially on stemness-related genes.

6.
J Hazard Mater ; 411: 125078, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33486231

RESUMO

Sediment internal phosphorus (P) loading can be tightly associated with overlying water hypoxia. However, the effects of long-term seasonal hypoxia on the geochemical transition of P in P-poor coastal sediment and how this transition is linked to the early diagenesis of iron (Fe), sulfur (S) and carbon are still poorly understood. Here, we conducted a one-year monthly field investigation to study the (im)mobilization and migration of P among coastal sediment, porewater and overlying water. The coherent distribution of soluble Fe and mobile P and decoupled distribution of labile S (soluble sulfide) and mobile P in the depth profiles indicate that the redox cycling of Fe (but not S) dominates P mobility. Nevertheless, the monthly variation in the porewater soluble reactive P (SRP) presented significant positive correlations with that of the overlying water SRP. This finding highlights that hypoxia-fueled SRP migration from overlying water rather than weak diagenetic P mobilization due to deficient organic matter and solid labile P is the crucial factor responsible for internal P mobility over long time scales. Although SRP tends to migrate from overlying water to porewater, the potential risk of sediment labile P remobilization and reliberation to the overlying water is considerable.

7.
J Neurosurg Spine ; : 1-7, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33276333

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the preoperative radiographic features of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis (DLS) with and without local coronal imbalance (LCI) and to investigate the surgical outcomes of transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) in the treatment of DLS with LCI at the spondylolisthesis level. DLS with scoliotic disc wedging and/or lateral listhesis at the same involved segment, as well as LCI, constitutes a distinct subgroup. However, previous studies concerning surgical outcomes focused mainly on sagittal profiles. There is a paucity of valid data regarding lumbar coronal alignment and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) after surgery in DLS with LCI. METHODS: The authors reviewed consecutive patients who received TLIF for L4/5 DLS between 2009 and 2018. Patients were assigned to the LCI and non-LCI groups based on preoperative radiographs. Demographics, radiographic parameters related to both sagittal and coronal alignment, and PROs were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: There were 21 patients in the LCI and 80 in the non-LCI group. Compared with the non-LCI group, the LCI group was characterized by lower preoperative lumbar lordosis on sagittal alignment (38.3° vs 43.7°, p < 0.05), higher lumbar Cobb angle on coronal alignment (12.4° vs 5.1°, p < 0.05), and worse lumbar coronal balance (18.5 mm vs 6.8 mm, p < 0.05). After surgery, lumbar alignment in the sagittal and coronal planes was significantly improved in the LCI group, whereas no significant changes occurred in the non-LCI group. Scores on the preoperative Oswestry Disability Index and the visual analog scale for back pain and leg pain scores were significantly higher in the LCI group, whereas no differences were found between the 2 groups in the postoperative evaluation (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: DLS with LCI constitutes a distinct subgroup characterized by coronal malalignment and loss of whole lumbar lordosis, which may result in worse PROs. The TLIF procedure allows the reconstruction of the coronal and sagittal lumbar profile and achievement of satisfactory PROs.

8.
Pak J Pharm Sci ; 33(3): 1005-1013, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191224

RESUMO

Huangqin Qinfei Decoction (HQD) is a traditional Chinese medicine that is administered for acute pneumonia, bronchial inflammation, acute bronchitis and acute lung infection. In this study, we used liquid chromatography linked with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) for the concurrent identification of 11 bioactive compounds; namely, baicalin, baicalein, wogonoside, scutellarin, wogonin, oroxylin A, geniposide, genipin, geniposidic acid, chlorogenic acid, and crocin-I, for the quality control of HQD. The evaluation was conducted on an Agilent Poroshell 120 EC-C18 (2.1mm×100mm, 2.7µm) with gradient elution in the mobile phase with 0.1% formic acid and 1mM/L ammonium acetate in water as solvent A and methanol as solvent B at a flow rate of 0.3mL/min in under 12 min. Mass spectrometric detection was conducted in the selected reaction monitoring mode utilizing electro spray ionization in the positive and negative modes. Every one of the calibration curves had good linearity with R2 >0.9992. Intra-day and inter-day accuracies for every one of the evaluated components were expressed as the relative standard deviation (RSD) from 1.72%-5.02% and 0.63%-5.99%, respectively. The recuperation of the 11 compounds that were measured at the three concentrations was within 94.05%-105.18%, with the RSD ≤ 6.26%. The use of this method was determined through the effective evaluation of 11 compounds in 5 batches of HQD. The confirmed method is precise, sensitive, and effective for identifying the contents of the chosen compounds in HQD for quality control.

9.
Environ Sci Technol ; 54(22): 14182-14191, 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33156616

RESUMO

Information regarding the size-dependent distribution of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in atmospheric particulate matter (PM) is very limited. In this study, 248 size-specific PM samples were collected from 9 Asian cities using a portable 4-stage cascade impactor for the analysis of PFAS. Of the 34 investigated PFAS, perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) were the major compounds. In particular, the emerging PFAS, hexafluoropropylene oxide dimer acid, was quantified in the PM for the first time, with concentrations ranging from <0.086 to 21.5 pg/m3. Spatially, PFOA and PFOS were the predominant compounds in China, while precursors, emerging PFAS, and short-chain PFAS dominated in India, Japan, and South Korea, respectively. Seasonal variations of PFAS may be controlled by regional climate, local or seasonal emission sources, and long-range transport of air masses. Size-dependent distribution was investigated, showing that the majority of PFAS predominantly affiliated in fine particles, while PFOS and its alternatives tended to attach on coarser particles. Moreover, PFOS distributed on specific sizes exhibited seasonal and regional dependency, while no such patterns were observed for PFOA. These findings will provide useful information on the geographical and size-dependent distribution of PFAS in the atmospheric PM.

10.
J Cell Physiol ; 2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33094504

RESUMO

Protein palmitoylation, in which C16 fatty acid chains are attached to cysteine residues via a reversible thioester linkage, is one of the most common lipid modifications and plays important roles in regulating protein stability, subcellular localization, membrane trafficking, interactions with effector proteins, enzymatic activity, and a variety of other cellular processes. Moreover, the unique reversibility of palmitoylation allows proteins to be rapidly shuttled between biological membranes and cytoplasmic substrates in a process usually controlled by a member of the DHHC family of protein palmitoyl transferases (PATs). Notably, mutations in PATs are closely related to a variety of human diseases, such as cancer, neurological disorders, and immune deficiency conditions. In addition to PATs, intracellular palmitoylation dynamics are also regulated by the interplay between distinct posttranslational modifications, including ubiquitination and phosphorylation. Understanding the specific mechanisms of palmitoylation may reveal novel potential therapeutic targets for many human diseases.

11.
J Periodontol ; 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33128228

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study focused on the inflammatory disease progress after periodontal defect induction and aimed to specifically determine periodontal tissue responses following dental plaque accumulation by ligatures on a site with/without standardized periodontal defect induction. METHODS: After 1 month from extraction of the adjacent teeth, semi-circumferential defects were surgically created in the unilateral second and fourth premolars (test group), whereas no defects were being induced at the contralateral sites (control group). One week later, silk was used to ligate the tooth cervix at both sites to encourage the accumulation of dental plaque. Four weeks later, the tissue samples were collected for histological/histomorphometric and microarray analysis. Microbiological analysis was performed before defect induction and at ligatures, and after 4 weeks of dental plaque accumulation. RESULTS: Remarkable inflammation was clinically and histologically observed in both groups after plaque accumulation, and the intrabony type of periodontal defect exaggerated inflammatory cell infiltration into the connective tissue layer. Expression of genes related to inflammation such as IL-1 was highly up-regulated in test sites. However, these inflammatory infiltrations did not invade to a boundary of periodontal ligament and connective tissue attachment in both groups, and histomorphometric results corresponds to these observational results. Bacterial findings also showed no significant differences in detected microbiome compositions between control and test groups at three-time points. CONCLUSION: Intrabony defect might exaggerate the plaque-induced inflammation in the aspect of inflammatory cell infiltration and the related gene expression, but both dental plaque and the pre-existing periodontal defect negligibly disrupt periodontal attachment and the underlying alveolar bone.

12.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913266

RESUMO

Mitochondria are highly dynamic organelles undergoing cycles of fusion and fission to modulate their morphology, distribution, and function, which are referred as 'mitochondrial dynamics'. Dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) is known as the major pro-fission protein whose activity is tightly regulated to clear the damaged mitochondria via mitophagy, ensuring a strict control over the intricate process of cellular and organ dynamics in heart. Various posttranslational modifications (PTMs) of Drp1 have been identified including phosphorylation, SUMOylation, palmitoylation, ubiquitination, S-nitrosylation, and O-GlcNAcylation, which implicate a role in the regulation of mitochondrial dynamics. An intact mitochondrial homeostasis is critical for heart to fuel contractile function and cardiomyocyte metabolism, while defects in mitochondrial dynamics constitute an essential part of the pathophysiology underlying various cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). In this review, we summarize current knowledge on the critical role of Drp1 in the pathogenesis of CVDs including endothelial dysfunction, smooth muscle remodeling, cardiac hypertrophy, pulmonary arterial hypertension, myocardial ischemia-reperfusion, and myocardial infarction. We also highlight how the targeting of Drp1 could potentially contribute to CVDs treatments.

13.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 8: 649, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32850794

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as key regulators of Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling to control innate immunity, and this regulatory mechanism has recently been implicated in esophageal carcinoma (ESCA). However, a comprehensive analysis of TLR-induced lncRNAs and their roles in diagnosis and prognosis in ESCA is still lacking. In this study, we first investigated the precise relationship between lncRNA perturbations and alteration of TLR signaling by constructing the lncRNA-TLRs co-expression network involved in ESCA, and identified 357 TLR-related lncRNAs. Of them, four TLR-related lncRNAs (AP000696.1, LINC00689, LINC00900, and AP000487.1) are significantly associated with the overall survival (OS) of ESCA patients, and utilizing this four-lncRNA signature is capable of stratifying patients into high-risk and low-risk groups with significantly different OS in the discovery set. Further analysis in different independent patient sets also confirmed the robustness of the prognostic value of the four-TLR-lncRNA signature in predicting the OS of ESCA patients. Moreover, the results of multivariate analysis in different patient sets indicated that the four-TLR-lncRNA signature is an independent factor after adjusted by other clinical factors. Thus, we have identified a TLR-induced four-lncRNA signature, which represents a promising prognosis biomarker for ESCA, and our study might provide new candidate targets for therapeutic intervention via targeting TLR-induced lncRNAs in ESCA patients.

14.
Int J Numer Method Biomed Eng ; 36(11): e3392, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32783371

RESUMO

Numerical simulation of blood flows in patient-specific arteries can be useful for the understanding of vascular diseases, as well as for surgery planning. In this paper, we simulate blood flows in the full cerebral artery of stroke patients. To accurately resolve the flow in this rather complex geometry with stenosis is challenging and it is also important to obtain the results in a short amount of computing time so that the simulation can be used in pre- and/or post-surgery planning. For this purpose, we introduce a highly scalable, parallel non-nested two-level domain decomposition method for the three-dimensional unsteady incompressible Navier-Stokes equations with an impedance outlet boundary condition. The problem is discretized with a stabilized finite element method on unstructured meshes in space and a fully implicit method in time, and the large nonlinear systems are solved by a preconditioned parallel Newton-Krylov method with a two-level Schwarz method. The key component of the method is a non-nested coarse problem solved using a subset of processor cores and its solution is interpolated to the fine space using radial basis functions. To validate and verify the proposed algorithm and its highly parallel implementation, we consider a case with available clinical data and show that the computed result matches with the measured data. Further numerical experiments indicate that the proposed method works well for realistic geometry and parameters of a full size cerebral artery of an adult stroke patient on a supercomputers with thousands of processor cores.

15.
Drug Deliv ; 27(1): 1188-1200, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32762480

RESUMO

This work evaluates solid lipid nanoparticles of thiopental sodium against obesity-induced cardiac dysfunction and hypertrophy and explores the possible mechanism of action. TS loaded SLNs were formulated by hot-homogenization and solvent diffusion method. TS-SLNs were scrutinized for entrapment efficiency, drug loading capacity, gastric stability, particle size, in vitro drug release. Mice were feed with the normal chow or high-fat diet for 08 weeks to induce obesity and primary cardiomyocytes. The therapeutic effects of thiopental sodium in the high fat diet (HFD) induced cardiac hypertrophy. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was estimated at a regular time interval. At the end of the experimental study, systolic pressure left ventricular, LV end-diastolic pressure and rate of increase of LV pressure and antioxidant, apoptosis, cytokines and inflammatory scrutinized. HFD induced group mice exhibited a reduction in the body weight and enhancement of cardiac hypertrophy marker and dose-dependent treatment of thiopental sodium up-regulation the body weight and down-regulated the cardiac hypertrophy. Thiopental sodium significantly (p < .001) dose-dependently altered the antioxidant, biochemical, cardiac parameters and remodeling. Thiopental sodium significantly (p < .001) dose-dependently reduced the SBP. Thiopental sodium altered the apoptosis marker, pro-inflammatory cytokines, inflammatory parameters along with reduced the p38-MAPK level. The cardiac protective effect of thiopental sodium shed light on future therapeutic interventions in obesity and related cardiovascular complications via inflammatory pathway.

16.
Chin J Nat Med ; 18(7): 536-549, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32616194

RESUMO

The present study was designed to investigate the targets and synergistic mechanism of Shenfu Decoction (SFD) in the treatment of heart failure. A heart failure animal models was established to evaluate the pharmacological effects of SFD for anti-heart failure, then constructed ingredient-target interaction network by developing ingredient and target databases, the Discovery sdudio software was used for molecular docking. In addition, we validated the predicted protein targets of active ingredients in SFD by using surface plasmon resonance (SPR) technology. Our results demonstrated that SFD could enhance ejection fraction, alleviate myocardial histopathological characteristics, and reduce the level of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), aldosterone (ALD), atrial natriuretic polypeptide (ANP) and Renin (REN) in heart failure rat model. In addition, the ingredient database including 349 constituents and target database including 236 proteins were established, and 75 proteins were screened and identified by molecular docking strategy. 22 core target proteins were identified through network pharmacology, and the component-core target network was constructed. Finally, the affinity between the compounds and targets were verified by the SPR analysis method. The present study suggested that SFD may act on ACE 2, REN, ACE, ICAM-1, EGF, HTR2B, PARP1, NPPB and other proteins through AC, BAC, ACN, Re, Rg1, Rb1 to exert synergistic effects against heart failure.

17.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(12): 7283-7288, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32711592

RESUMO

This study aimed at investigating the clinical effect and safety of albumin binding paclitaxel (Nab-P) for the first-line treatment of advanced primary liver cancer. Clinical data of 23 patients with primary liver cancer, who were treated in the first-line tumor treatment Department in the PLA General Hospital from May 2014 to December 2015, were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into an observation group and a control group, according to their treatment plan. The patients in the observation group (12) received Nab-P treatment (5 cases of Nab-P combined with tegeor, 5 cases of Nab-P combined with capecitabine, and 2 cases of Nab-P single drug), and the patients in the control group (11) received gemcitabine combined with oxaliplatin. Each treatment cycle lasted for 21 days, and the treatment effect was evaluated once every two cycles, while the adverse reactions were assessed after every cycle. The survival rates of the different groups were compared using the chi-square test or the Fisher's exact test, the Kaplan Meier survival curve, and the log rank test. Results from all patients were used to evaluate treatment efficacy and adverse reactions. In the observation group, there were 2 cases of partial remission, 7 cases of disease stability, and 3 cases of disease progress; in the control group, there were 2 cases of partial remission, 5 cases of disease stability, and 4 cases of disease progress. There was no significant difference in disease control rate between the two groups (75% vs. 64%, χ² = 0.350, P > 0.05). There was no significant difference in the median progression free survival time between the two groups (5.1 (2.7-6.7) months versus 4.3 (2.5-54) months, χ² =0.647, P > 0.05). No serious side effects were observed in any of the two groups. Among the observed side effects were some PLT toxicity and increased AST (Aspartate transaminase) incidence, which showed a statistically significant difference between the two groups (χ² = 5.490, P = 0.036 for PLT; χ² = 6.135, P = 0.027 for AST). The new Nab-P-based drug regimen has a good effect against primary liver cancer, and the side effects are tolerable. However, the sample size used in this study was small and further clinical studies using larger samples are required to verify the results.

19.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(12): 9884-9894, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32510598

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is a global pandemic with high infectivity and pathogenicity, accounting for tens of thousands of deaths worldwide. Recent studies have found that the pathogen of COVID-19, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), shares the same cell receptor angiotensin converting enzyme II (ACE2) as SARS-CoV. The pathological investigation of COVID-19 deaths showed that the lungs had characteristics of pulmonary fibrosis. However, how SARS-CoV-2 spreads from the lungs to other organs has not yet been determined. Here, we performed an unbiased evaluation of cell-type-specific expression of ACE2 in healthy and fibrotic lungs, as well as in normal and failed adult human hearts, using published single-cell RNA-seq data. We found that ACE2 expression in fibrotic lungs mainly locates in arterial vascular cells, which might provide a route for bloodstream spreading of SARS-CoV-2. Failed human hearts have a higher percentage of ACE2-expressing cardiomyocytes, and SARS-CoV-2 might attack cardiomyocytes through the bloodstream in patients with heart failure. Moreover, ACE2 was highly expressed in cells infected by respiratory syncytial virus or Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus and in mice treated by lipopolysaccharide. Our findings indicate that patients with pulmonary fibrosis, heart failure, and virus infection have a higher risk and are more susceptible to SARS-CoV-2 infection. The SARS-CoV-2 might attack other organs by getting into the bloodstream. This study provides new insights into SARS-CoV-2 blood entry and heart injury and might propose a therapeutic strategy to prevent patients from developing severe complications.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Traumatismos Cardíacos/virologia , Pulmão/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Animais , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , Camundongos , Pandemias , RNA/metabolismo , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/genética , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/metabolismo
20.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 200: 110718, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32464437

RESUMO

Bisphenol A (BPA) has been frequently found in surface waters worldwide, and its estrogenic effects in humans are well documented. Nevertheless, less is known about other bisphenol analogues (BPs), such as bisphenol S (BPS) and bisphenol F (BPF) which are alternative to BPA. There have been few environmental investigations on BPs in developing countries, especially India. In the present study, eight BPs were analyzed, among which BPA, BPS, and BPF were found prevalent in surface water and wastewater from drains collected from 12 states and Delhi-National Capital Territory in India. The detection frequencies of BPA, BPS, and BPF were 67.6%, 41.9%, and 29.7%, respectively in all samples (n = 74). BPA was the predominant species among the three analogues. The highest BPA concentration was observed in the Yamuna River (14,800 ng/L), followed by the Cooum River (1,420 ng/L). The highest concentrations of BPS and BPF were 438 ng/L and 333 ng/L, respectively, both found in wastewater samples. The occurrence of BPS and BPF in nationwide surface water and wastewater samples from India for the first time suggests that new BPs as BPA replacements are being used and released in India. Ecological risk assessment of BPA, BPS and BPF exposure was performed using hazard quotient (HQ) for three aquatic taxonomic groups: algae, crustaceans, and fish, with the last group exhibiting the highest HQs (0.89-148) for BPA exposure. The human exposure risk of BPA through drinking river water was observed negligible in the present study. Our findings indicate the urgent need for, (1) regulations on the use and release of BPs in India, (2) effective processes to remove BPs in wastewater treatment plants, (3) more investigations on the distribution and toxicity of BPs in India, in particular BPA, BPS and BPF, as these analogues were detected at substantial concentration in Indian waters.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos/análise , Estrogênios/análise , Fenóis/análise , Sulfonas/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Animais , Crustáceos , Peixes , Humanos , Índia , Medição de Risco , Rios/química , Águas Residuárias/química
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA