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1.
Genome Biol ; 20(1): 103, 2019 05 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31126313

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inherited factors contribute to lung cancer risk, but the mechanism is not well understood. Defining the biological consequence of GWAS hits in cancers is a promising strategy to elucidate the inherited mechanisms of cancers. The tag-SNP rs753955 (A>G) in 13q12.12 is highly associated with lung cancer risk in the Chinese population. Here, we systematically investigate the biological significance and the underlying mechanism behind 13q12.12 risk locus in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS: We characterize a novel p53-responsive enhancer with lung tissue cell specificity in a 49-kb high linkage disequilibrium block of rs753955. This enhancer harbors 3 highly linked common inherited variations (rs17336602, rs4770489, and rs34354770) and six p53 binding sequences either close to or located between the variations. The enhancer effectively protects normal lung cell lines against pulmonary carcinogen NNK-induced DNA damages and malignant transformation by upregulating TNFRSF19 through chromatin looping. These variations significantly weaken the enhancer activity by affecting its p53 response, especially when cells are exposed to NNK. The effect of the mutant enhancer alleles on TNFRSF19 target gene in vivo is supported by expression quantitative trait loci analysis of 117 Chinese NSCLC samples and GTEx data. Differentiated expression of TNFRSF19 and its statistical significant correlation with tumor TNM staging and patient survival indicate a suppressor role of TNFRSF19 in lung cancer. CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence of how the inherited variations in 13q12.12 contribute to lung cancer risk, highlighting the protective roles of the p53-responsive enhancer-mediated TNFRSF19 activation in lung cells under carcinogen stress.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 13 , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Receptores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Reparo do DNA , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
2.
J Hazard Mater ; 367: 277-285, 2019 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30597372

RESUMO

In this study, a new photocatalytic reaction system for simultaneous selective oxidation of aromatic alcohols to corresponding aldehydes and reduction of protons to H2 has been developed. The results reveal that compared with pure ZnIn2S4, the ZnIn2S4 photocatalysts modified with noble metal gold (Au/ZnIn2S4) significantly promote the photocatalytic performance. Among them, the 0.5% Au/ZnIn2S4 nanosheets shows the highest photocatalytic activity for selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde and hydrogen production, and the yields of H2 and benzaldehyde are 326.68 and 352.04 µmol under visible light irradiation for 4 h, respectively. Those are about 4.4 and 3.6 times higher than those of pure ZnIn2S4 sample (74.0 µmol H2 and 98.04 µmol benzaldehyde), respectively. The utilization ratio of photogenerated electrons to holes can achieve 92.8%. Additionally, the control experiments demonstrate that the photogenerated electrons and holes play significant roles during the reaction process. It is hoped that the current work can offer an avenue to utilize the photogenerated carriers more efficiently and to develop other photocatalytic reaction systems, such as nitrogen fixation and reduction of carbon dioxide.

3.
R Soc Open Sci ; 5(10): 180925, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30473839

RESUMO

Doping carbon materials have proved to be the front runners to substitute for Pt as oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalysts. Fluorine-doped graphene (FG) has rarely been used as ORR catalyst because of the difficulty in preparation. Herein, we report FG sheets prepared by a thermal pyrolysis graphene oxide (GO) process in the presence of zinc fluoride (ZnF2) as an efficient electrocatalyst for ORR in the alkaline medium. The results show that the pyrolysis temperature seriously affected the doped fluoride amount and morphology of catalyst. It is found that the FG-1100 catalyst possesses a more positive onset potential, higher current density and better four-electron process for ORR than other FG samples. FG-1100 displays an outstanding ORR catalytic activity that is comparable to that of the commercial Pt/C catalyst. Also, its durability and methanol tolerance ability are superior to those of the commercial Pt/C. The excellent ORR catalytic performance is closely related to its higher doped fluorine amount and wrinkle morphology. The FG catalyst can be developed as a low-cost, efficient and durable catalyst as a viable replacement for the Pt/C catalyst, promoting the commercialization of fuel cells.

4.
Chembiochem ; 2018 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30485616

RESUMO

A novel fast response and visible fluorogenic probe (D1) for monitoring hypochlorite (ClO-) has been developed based on specific ClO- removal of a C=N bond. The response of the probe to ClO- showed increases linearly, and the fluorescence intensity heighten about 25 times. D1 responses to ClO- were observed with high selectivity and sensitivity within 10 s by naked eyes. D1 can not only detect the level of hypochlorite in vitro such as urine, but also monitoring hypochlorite content in extremely cold condition as low as -78 oC. Meanwhile, the good biocompatibility guaranteed the use of D1 to detect intracellular ClO- under confocal microscopy. Moreover, D1 has been successfully applied to monitor the exogenous and endogenous ClO- in Zebrafishes with fluorescence imaging.

5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(96): 13491-13494, 2018 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30370904

RESUMO

Numerous excellent fluorogenic probes for NO detection based on NO-mediated reactions have been developed. However, some of them still suffer from limitations such as low selectivity, slow response, and a short excitation wavelength (<500 nm). Herein, a novel two-photon fluorogenic probe (XNO1) based on a Schiff base derivative has been reported for the first time. This new mechanism with a Schiff base structure as the specific response moiety towards NO endows the probe with fast responsibility, high selectivity and pH-independent properties. Furthermore, XNO1 has been demonstrated to be lysosome-targeted and to successfully monitor exogenous/endogenous NO in living cells and zebrafishes with one- and two-photon fluorescence imaging.

6.
Dalton Trans ; 47(32): 10915-10924, 2018 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30046781

RESUMO

The use of solar energy to drive organic reactions under mild conditions provides a sustainable pathway for green synthesis and has been one of the primary goals pursued by scientists. In this research, the cadmium indium sulfide (CdIn2S4) photocatalyst was prepared using a simple solvothermal method and was thoroughly characterized using X-ray powder diffraction, UV-visible absorption spectra, nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray spectroscopy measurements. The photocatalytic performance of the CdIn2S4 photocatalyst was evaluated using photocatalytic synthesis of Schiff base compounds in a coupled system of aromatic alcohols and nitrobenzene under visible light irradiation. The yield of N-benzylideneaniline reached up to 32% in the coupled system of benzyl alcohol and nitrobenzene under visible light illumination for 8 h. Furthermore, the changes for the amounts of aromatic aldehydes and AL as intermediate products during the photocatalytic process were also investigated. Using isotopic tracing, a possible reaction mechanism for the photocatalytic synthesis of N-benzylideneaniline and the redox reactions in the coupled system of benzyl alcohol and nitrobenzene was proposed. It is hoped that this strategy can provide an effective pathway for the traditional organic synthesis and transformation using photocatalytic technology under mild conditions.

7.
Materials (Basel) ; 10(12)2017 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29186891

RESUMO

Four novel ZnII coordination polymers, [(ZnCl2)2(L)2]n (1), [(ZnBr2)2(L)2]n (2), and [(ZnI2)2(L)2]n (3) and {[Zn(SCN)2]1.5(L)3}n (4), have been synthesized based on 4'-ferrocenyl-3,2':6',3''-terpyridine with ZnII ions and different coordination anions under similar ambient conditions. Their structures have been confirmed using single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, showing that complexes 1-3 are one-dimensional (1D) double-stranded metal ion helical polymer chains and complex 4 is of a two-dimensional (2D) network. The structural transformations of them from a 1D polymer chain to a 2D network under the influence of the coordination anions has been systematic investigated. Furthermore, the optical band gaps have been measured by optical diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, revealing that the ligand and the complexes should have semiconductor properties.

8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 9(47): 41323-41331, 2017 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29111655

RESUMO

Phase change materials, changing from solid to liquid and vice versa, are capable of storing and releasing a large amount of thermal energy during the phase change, and thus hold promise for numerous applications including thermal protection of electronic devices. Shaping these materials into microspheres for additional fascinating properties is efficient but challenging. In this regard, a novel phase change microsphere with the design for electrical-regulation and thermal storage/release properties was fabricated via the combination of monodispersed graphene aerogel microsphere (GAM) and phase change paraffin. A programmable method, i.e., coupling ink jetting-liquid marbling-supercritical drying (ILS) techniques, was demonstrated to produce monodispersed graphene aerogel microspheres (GAMs) with precise size-control. The resulting GAMs showed ultralow density, low electrical resistance, and high specific surface area with only ca. 5% diameter variation coefficient, and exhibited promising performance in smart switches. The phase change microspheres were obtained by capillary filling of phase change paraffin inside the GAMs and exhibited excellent properties, such as low electrical resistance, high latent heat, well sphericity, and thermal buffering. Assembling the phase change microsphere into the microcircuit, we found that this tiny device was quite sensitive and could respond to heat as low as 0.027 J.

9.
Nanoscale ; 9(14): 4826-4834, 2017 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28352894

RESUMO

Janus nanostructures that possess two or more distinct components and surface functions have attracted more and more attention. Here, we present a seed-shape defined growth mechanism for the preparation of anisotropic Janus nanostructures, in which the shape of periodic mesoporous organosilica (PMO) is determined by the shape of Au nanoparticles. Various shaped Au@PMO composite nanostructures, such as rods, spheres, and plates, are prepared based on this general growth mechanism. By adjusting the reaction parameters (temperature, surfactant), various shaped AuNR@PMO Janus nanostructures, including horsebean- and fingernail-like nanostructures, have been successfully prepared. We also demonstrate the potential applications of such composite nanostructures. As an example, the as-prepared rod-like Janus Au@PMO nanostructures show great performance in chemo-photothermal combination therapy because of the excellent photothermal effect of Au nanorods and the high surface area of PMO nanorods. This research may open a new direction to the controllable synthesis and practical application of dedicated nanostructures with desired properties.

10.
Nano Lett ; 15(12): 8397-401, 2015 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26605760

RESUMO

We report, for the first time, that an encapsulated silver nanoparticle can be directly converted to a silver nanoshell through a nanoscale localized oxidation and reduction process in the gas phase. Silver can be etched when exposed to a mixture of NH3/O2 gases through a mechanism analogous to the formation of aqueous Tollens' reagent, in which a soluble silver-ammonia complex was formed. Starting with Ag@resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF) resin core-shell nanoparticles, we demonstrate that RF-core@Ag-shell nanoparticles can be prepared successfully when the etching rate and RF thickness were well controlled. Due to the strong surface plasmon resonance (SPR) coupling effect among neighboring silver nanoparticles, the RF@Ag nanoparticle showed great SPR and SERS performance. This process provides a general route to the conversion of Ag-core to Ag-shell nanostructures and might be extended to other systems.

11.
Langmuir ; 31(42): 11701-8, 2015 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26434608

RESUMO

We demonstrate that noble metal @ RF core-shell nanostructures can be obtained through a facile one-pot synthesis approach in the absence of any additional surfactants. Monodisperse metal@RF core-shell nanostructures can be produced within 1 h on a large scale. Both the core size and shell thickness can be readily tuned by altering the reaction parameters. Systematic studies reveal that resorcinol could have several functions: it could act as a reactant to form RF resin, and it also could passivate the surface of metallic nanoparticles to prevent them from aggregating. Additionally, for the first time, our results suggest that resorcinol may act as a reducing agent that can reduce metal salts to form metal nanoparticles. The core-shell nanoparticles can be carbonized into M@carbon nanostructures, which have shown great performance in the catalytic hydrogenation of chlorobenzene. This work not only will help to achieve the controllable synthesis of noble metal@RF resin and M@carbon core-shell nanostructures but also will promote research into other RF-based nanostructures and their catalytic applications.

12.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 17(43): 28985-92, 2015 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26456096

RESUMO

Exploiting an alternative of the Pt-based counter-electrode materials for the triiodide reduction reaction has become a major interest in the fundamental research of dye-sensitized solar cells. Transition-metal selenides have recently been demonstrated as promising non-precious metal electrocatalysts for the triiodide reduction reaction. Herein, we prepared a series of transition-metal selenides via a free-reductant solvothermal method and used them as counter-electrodes in high efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells. The electrochemical results showed that these selenides had excellent catalytic activity for the reduction of the triiodine/iodine couple, and except for MoSe2, the conversion efficiencies of the corresponding dye-sensitized solar cells were comparable to the sputtered Pt counter-electrode. Theoretical investigation clearly revealed that the unsatisfactory performance of MoSe2 mainly originated from the processes of adsorption and charge-transfer. These findings can help to better understand the electrocatalytic processes and thus offer some useful guidelines to develop more efficient electrochemical catalysts.

13.
Nanoscale ; 7(24): 10559-83, 2015 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26036784

RESUMO

This Review article provides a report on progress in the synthesis, properties and catalytic applications of noble metal based composite nanomaterials. We begin with a brief discussion on the categories of various composite materials. We then present some important colloidal synthetic approaches to the composite nanostructures; here, major attention has been paid to bimetallic nanoparticles. We also introduce some important physiochemical properties that are beneficial from composite nanomaterials. Finally, we highlight the catalytic applications of such composite nanoparticles and conclude with remarks on prospective future directions.

14.
Nanoscale ; 7(15): 6790-7, 2015 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25806617

RESUMO

In this work, we demonstrate that monodispersed gold nanorods (AuNRs) can be obtained in a large-scale and cost-effective way. By using an industrial grade gemini surfactant (P16-8-16), the cost of the synthesis of high-quality AuNRs can be significantly reduced by 90%. The synthesis can be scaled up to over 4 L. The aspect ratio of AuNRs can be well tuned from ∼2.4 to ∼6.3, resulting in a wide tunability of the SPR properties. Systematic studies reveal that P16-8-16 could have a dual function: it can not only act as a capping ligand to stabilize AuNRs but also it can pre-reduce Au(3+) to Au(+) by the unsaturated C[double bond, length as m-dash]C bond. Furthermore, the shape of AuNRs can be tailored from straight nanorods to "dog-bones" by simply varying the concentration of the surfactant. A mechanistic study shows that the shape change can be attributed to the presence of excess bromide ions because of the complex effect between bromide ions and gold ions. This work will not only help to achieve the industrial production of AuNRs, but also promote research into practical applications of various nanomaterials.

15.
Luminescence ; 30(2): 221-7, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25045042

RESUMO

An 'off-on' rhodamine-based fluorescence probe for the selective detection of Cu(II) has been designed, exploiting the guest-induced structure transform mechanism. This system shows a sharp Cu(II)-selective fluorescence enhancement response in an aqueous system under physiological pH, and possesses high selectivity against a background of environmentally and biologically relevant metal ions. Under optimum conditions, the fluorescence intensity enhancement of this system is linearly proportional to the Cu(II) concentration from 50 nM to 6.0 µM with a detection limit of 29 nM.


Assuntos
Cobre/análise , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Rodaminas/química , Água/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Estrutura Molecular , Rodaminas/síntese química , Soluções
16.
Dalton Trans ; (21): 4096-103, 2009 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19452057

RESUMO

Four new D-pi-D (or D-pi-D-pi-D) complexes 9-ethyl-3-E-((1-ferrocenyl)vinyl)-carbazole (1), 9-ethyl-3,6-E,E-((1,1-diferrocenyl)vinyl)- carbazole(2), 10-ethyl-3-E-((1-ferrocenyl)vinyl)-phenothiazine (3), 10-ethyl- 3,7-E,E- ((1,1-diferrocenyl)vinyl)-phenothiazine (4), have been obtained by solid-phase Wittig reactions and fully characterized. The four complexes were treated with iodine leading to four corresponding [D-pi-A](+) I(3)(-) ferrocenium triiodides (+)I(3)(-) (5), (+)I(3)(-) (6), (+)I(3)(-) (7) and 4(+)I(3)(-) (8), respectively. The results of single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis show that and display better coplanarity between the Fc and carbazole subunits than that between the phenothiazine and ferrocene moieties, which leads to a better pi-electron delocalization. Both the poor pi-electron in [D-pi-A](+) ferroceniums and the heavy iodine atom have a negative effect on the electrochemical properties. The complexes 1-8 undergo multi-step redox processes and show lower oxidation potentials compared with those of ferrocene. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations are performed and the experimental redox properties of the complexes are studied. The eight complexes show MLCT and pi-pi transitions in the UV-visible range in solution, which have been verified by TD-DFT theoretical calculations. In all cases the highest-lying occupied molecular orbitals of the eight complexes are mainly localized on the Fe d orbitals and show a greater Fe proportion than that of alkyl in the complexes, whereas the LUMOs and LUMO+1 are mainly from the pi orbitals of the conjugated vinyl carbazole or phenothiazine unit.

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