Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 814
Filtrar
1.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 591015, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33841323

RESUMO

The Delphian lymph node (DLN), also known as the prelaryngeal node, is one component of the central lymph node. The DLN has been well studied in laryngeal cancer, although its significance in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) remains unclear. We retrospectively analyzed 936 patients with PTC who underwent thyroidectomy by a single surgeon in Tianjin Cancer Hospital from 2017 to 2019. Moreover, 250 PTC patients who underwent thyroidectomy by another surgeon in Tianjin Cancer Hospital from January 2019 to April 2019 were used as a validation cohort. Among the 936 patients with PTC, 581 patients (62.1%) had DLNs, of which 177 samples with metastasis (177/581, 30.5%) were verified. DLN metastasis was significantly correlated with sex, age, tumor size, bilateral cancer, multifocality, extrathyroidal extension, lymphovascular invasion and central and lateral neck lymph node metastasis. Multivariate analysis revealed that independent risk factors for DLN metastasis included age, gender, tumor size, extrathyroid extension, lymphovascular invasion and central lymph node metastasis, which determined the nomogram. In particular, tumor size was proven to be one of the most predominant single predictors. The diagnostic model had an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.829 (95% confidence interval, 0.804-0.854). The internal and external validations of the nomogram were 0.819 and 0.745, respectively. Our results demonstrate that DLN metastasis appears to be a critical parameter for predicting metastatic disease of the central compartments. Furthermore, this study provides a precise criterion for assessing DLN metastasis and has great clinical significance for treating PTC.

2.
J Environ Manage ; 289: 112486, 2021 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33831757

RESUMO

Climate change is a global issue threatening agricultural production and human survival. However, agriculture sector is a major source of global greenhouse gases (GHGs), especially CH4 and N2O. Crop residue returning (RR) is an efficient practice to sequestrate soil carbon and increase crop yields. However, the efficiency of RR to mitigate climate change and maintain food security will be affected by the response of GHG emissions at both per area-scale and per yield-scale. Therefore, a national meta-analysis was conducted using 309 comparisons from 44 publications to assess the responses of GHG emissions to RR in China's croplands. The results indicated that little response of GWP to RR was observed with conditions under lower nitrogen fertilizer input rates (0-120 kg ha-1), mulch retention, returning one time in double cropping systems, returning with half residue, weakly acidic soil (pH 5.5-6.5), initial SOC contents >20 g kg-1, or mean annual precipitation <1000 mm. In order to mitigate climate change and sustain food security, RR combined with paddy-upland rotation, nitrogen fertilizer input rates of 240-360 kg ha-1, and neutral soil (pH 6.5-7.5) could decrease GWP at per unit of crop yield, which ultimately leads to a lower effect on GHGI and a higher crop production efficiency. In-depth studies should be conducted in the future to explore the interactions between various factors influencing GHG emissions under RR conditions. Overall, optimizing the interactions with management and site-specific conditions, potential for regulating GHGs emissions of RR can be enhanced.

3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(12): 14275-14282, 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33729760

RESUMO

Bioresorbable implantable electronics require power sources that are also bioresorbable with controllable electrical output and lifetime. In this paper, we report a bioresorbable zinc primary battery anode filament based on a zinc microparticle (MP) network coated with chitosan and Al2O3 double shells. When discharged in 0.9% NaCl saline, a Zn MP filament with a 0.17 × 2 mm2 cross-sectional area exhibited a stable voltage output of 0.55 V at a current of 0.01 mA. Covered by chitosan and Al2O3 double shells, the zinc MP filament exhibited a directional dissolution behavior with a tunable lifetime approximately linear to its length. A stable 200 h discharging time was achieved with a 15 mm Zn MP filament. The maximum output power was found to be 12 µW at 0.03 mA for one filament. The linearity relationship between the current output and the filament cross-sectional area suggested a facile strategy to raise the power output at constant discharging voltage. The filaments could also be connected in series and in parallel to boost its overall voltage and current output, demonstrating their excellent integration capability. This work presents a promising pathway toward bioresorbable transient batteries with controllable lifetime and power output, demonstrating a great potential for powering transient implantable biomedical devices.

4.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 5910, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723285

RESUMO

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are the largest class of transmembrane proteins, making them an important target for therapeutics. Activation of these receptors is modulated by orthosteric ligands, which stabilize one or several states within a complex conformational ensemble. The intra- and inter-state dynamics, however, is not well documented. Here, we used single-molecule fluorescence to measure ligand-modulated conformational dynamics of the adenosine A2A receptor (A2AR) on nanosecond to millisecond timescales. Experiments were performed on detergent-purified A2R in either the ligand-free (apo) state, or when bound to an inverse, partial or full agonist ligand. Single-molecule Förster resonance energy transfer (smFRET) was performed on detergent-solubilized A2AR to resolve active and inactive states via the separation between transmembrane (TM) helices 4 and 6. The ligand-dependent changes of the smFRET distributions are consistent with conformational selection and with inter-state exchange lifetimes ≥ 3 ms. Local conformational dynamics around residue 2296.31 on TM6 was measured using fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS), which captures dynamic quenching due to photoinduced electron transfer (PET) between a covalently-attached dye and proximal aromatic residues. Global analysis of PET-FCS data revealed fast (150-350 ns), intermediate (50-60 µs) and slow (200-300 µs) conformational dynamics in A2AR, with lifetimes and amplitudes modulated by ligands and a G-protein mimetic (mini-Gs). Most notably, the agonist binding and the coupling to mini-Gs accelerates and increases the relative contribution of the sub-microsecond phase. Molecular dynamics simulations identified three tyrosine residues (Y112, Y2887.53, and Y2907.55) as being responsible for the dynamic quenching observed by PET-FCS and revealed associated helical motions around residue 2296.31 on TM6. This study provides a quantitative description of conformational dynamics in A2AR and supports the idea that ligands bias not only GPCR conformations but also the dynamics within and between distinct conformational states of the receptor.

5.
Sci Prog ; 104(1): 368504211002330, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33733954

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: With the increasing drilling depth of shale formation, downhole collapse is a frequent occurrence, which often manifests as borehole wall caving. METHODS: We used the deep shale of the Longmaxi Formation to conduct the mechanical loading and unloading experiments under different downhole working conditions and a theoretical evaluation method of borehole wall caving and instability was proposed. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: As the confining pressure and axial load increased, the acoustic velocity increased. When a certain value was reached, the acoustic velocity of the rock mass had minimal changes. As the confining pressure continued to unload and decrease, the acoustic velocity decreased. At the moment of core failure, the acoustic velocity suddenly dropped. When the axial force of loading was constant, the unloading speed of confining pressure increased, and shale could easily be destroyed. The pressure at the well bottom changed rapidly, the likelihood of borehole wall failure increased. CONCLUSION: The deep shale has high brittleness. Under the bottom-hole pressure, the borehole wall rock was prone to brittle fracture failure along the parallel bedding surface. Under different working conditions, obvious changes could be observed in the pressure of the effective fluid column at the well bottom. The pressure changed rapidly, which, in turn, caused the rock at the well bottom to break down, thereby resulting in borehole wall caving. After tripping out and turning the pump off, the shale tensile stress in the upper and lower sidewalls of the horizontal well section was responsible for tensile caving.

6.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(2): 604-615, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742854

RESUMO

Based on online monitoring data of air quality and meteorological parameters, the long-term variations, spatial differences, and meteorological influencing factors of ground-level ozone (O3) pollution in Zhengzhou were studied. In addition, the transport pathways and potential source regions of O3 were investigated. The results show that surface O3 concentrations at the city station in Zhengzhou City increased significantly during the period 2014-2018 (P<0.05) with a growth rate of 15.50 µg·(m3·a)-1, and the timespan of exceeding pollutant standards was extended. The monthly O3 variations showed an "M" pattern with the seasonal maximum in summer. The diurnal O3 variations showed a "single-peak" pattern with a diurnal concentrations peak at 15:00-16:00, while the diurnal peak at the rural station was relatively high (130.94 µg·m-3). At the urban station, the exceedance probability of O3 concentrations was relative high when hourly temperature (T) exceeded 23℃, relative humidity (RH) was less than 65%, wind speed (WS) ranged 2.0-4.0 m·s-1, and wind direction was southeast or northeast. Based on the multivariate linear fitting of impact factors on O3, the main controlling factors at the city and industrial sites were also identified as T and RH compared to T and WS at the traffic and suburb sites. Back trajectory analysis and potential sources of O3 during different seasons were significantly different, with the dominant transport trajectories during spring and summer being short-distance and slow-moving airflows from the south and northeast; autumn and winter were characterized by long-distance and quick-moving airflows from the northwest. The high O3 concentrations observed in summer were mainly affected by local photochemical formation and regional transport from Hebei, Shandong, and Anhui Provinces.

7.
FEMS Microbiol Lett ; 368(5)2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33693760

RESUMO

Probiotics is widespreadly used nowadays. However, the safety issue with the use of live probiotics is still a matter of contention. In recent years, an expanding body of evidence supports the beneficial role of heat-killed probiotics in the maintenance of systemic health, whereas the role of these heat-killed bacteria on periodontal health remains unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of heat-killed probiotics on periodontal pathogen virulence and associated mechanisms. We demonstrated that heat-killed Lactobacillus acidophilus was able to coaggregate with Fusobacterium nucleatum, the bridging bacteria of oral biofilm, and inhibit the adhesion and invasion of F. nucleatum, leading to a subsequent elimination of pro-inflammatory cytokine production in oral epithelial cells. This coaggregation further caused a suppression of the virulence gene fap2 expression in F. nucleatum. Therefore, heat-killed L. acidophilus might downregulate the pro-inflammatory cytokine expression in epithelial cells via coaggregation with F. nucleatum and suppression of F. nucleatum fap2 expression, which was the first demonstration that heat-killed probiotics modulate periodontal disease pathogenesis via coaggregation. Collectively, this finding provides new evidence that heat-killed probiotics might exert beneficial effects to periodontal health by coaggregating with periodontal pathogens and modulating their virulence.

8.
Sci Total Environ ; 780: 146517, 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33770598

RESUMO

Leakage accidents occurring during oil production and transportation are currently one of the most serious environmental problems worldwide. Developing efficient and environmentally friendly oil-water separation methods is the key to solve this problem. In this work, a facile method to fabricate a high-performance oil absorbent through the loading of ball-milled biochar (BMBC) and octadecylamine on the skeleton of melamine foam (MF) is reported. The resulting ball-milled biochar-based MF (BMBC@MF) displayed a complex three-dimensional porous structure. The BM biochar on the surface of BMBC@MF forms nano/µm-scale folds, which reduced the surface energy of BMBC@MF after grafted octadecylamine. These structures resulted in the conversion of the hydrophilic surface of MF to hydrophobic surface. These characteristics made the modified foam an excellent oil absorbent with a high oil absorption capacity (43-155 times its own weight) and extraordinary recyclability. Furthermore, the BMBC@MF could maintain high hydrophobicity and adsorption stability in a wide pH range (from 1 to 11). More importantly, BM biochar is a cheap and readily available material to make BMBC@MF possible for large-scale production. Therefore, this work provides an effective way for low-cost, environmentally friendly, and large-scale production of superhydrophobic adsorbents for oil-water separation.

9.
BMC Med Genomics ; 14(1): 68, 2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33653342

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: KBG syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disease mainly caused by pathogenic variants of ankyrin repeat domain-containing protein 11 (ANKRD11) or deletions involving ANKRD11. Herein, we report a novel de novo heterozygous frameshift ANKRD11 variant via whole exome sequencing in a Chinese girl with KBG syndrome. CASE PRESENTATION: A 2-year-2-month-old girl presented with a short stature and developmental delay. Comprehensive physical examinations, endocrine laboratory tests and imaging examination were performed. Whole-exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing were used to detect and confirm the variant associated with KBG in this patient, respectively. The pathogenicity of the variant was further predicted by several in silico prediction tools. The patient was diagnosed as KBG syndrome with a short stature and developmental delay, as well as characteristic craniofacial abnormalities, including a triangular face, long philtrum, wide eyebrows, a broad nasal bridge, prominent and protruding ears, macrodontia of the upper central incisors, dental crowding, and binocular refractive error. Her skeletal anomalies included brachydactyly, fifth finger clinodactyly, and left-skewed caudal vertebrae. Electroencephalographic results generally showed normal background activity with sporadic spikes and slow wave complexes, as well as multiple spikes and slow wave complexes in the bilateral parietal, occipital, and posterior temporal regions during non-rapid-eye-movement sleep. Brain MRI showed a distended change in the bilateral ventricles and third ventricle, as well as malformation of the sixth ventricle. Whole exome sequencing revealed a novel heterozygous frameshift variant in the patient, ANKRD11 c.1366_1367dup, which was predicted to be pathogenic through in silico analysis. The patient had received physical therapy since 4 months of age, and improvement of gross motor dysfunction was evident. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study expand the spectrum of ANKRD11 variants in KBG patients and provide clinical phenotypic data for KBG syndrome at an early age. Our study also demonstrates that whole exome sequencing is an effective method for the diagnosis of rare genetic disorders.

10.
J Craniofac Surg ; 32(2): 655-659, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33705003

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study compared the speech outcomes of adult velopharyngeal insufficiency patients and adult cleft palate (ACP) patients, and explored whether there was any difference in the phonological level of these 2 types of patients. METHODS: Perceptual evaluation was used to assess speech intelligibility, hypernasality and compensatory articulation in 89 adult patients with velopharyngeal insufficiency and 35 adult patients with unrepaired cleft palate. Each group was divided into complete cleft palate and incomplete cleft palate (including submucous cleft palate). The phonological differences were compared between the 2 groups of patients and 2 types of cleft palate. RESULTS: The mean speech intelligibility was 43.04% in velopharyngeal insufficiency group and 32.87% in ACP group. There was a significant difference in speech intelligibility between the 2 groups by T test, t = 2.916 (P < 0.01), speech intelligibility between 2 types of cleft palate was no significant difference. Also, there was a significant difference between the 2 groups in the constitution of hypernasality degree by Chi-Square test, x2 = 31.650 (P < 0.01), compensatory articulation were present in 74.3% ACP patients (26/35) and 47.2% velopharyngeal insufficiency patients (42/89), x2 = 7.446 (P < 0.01), there was a significant difference in incidence of compensatory articulation between the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Adult patients with unpaired cleft palate present an even worse speech intelligibility and hypernasality degree than velopharyngeal insufficiency patients after cleft palate repair, regardless of the cleft type. Additionally, patients in ACP group have a higher incidence of compensatory articulation than that in incomplete cleft palate group. In sequenced treatments of cleft lip and palate, evaluation and treatment of speech disorders cannot be ignored.

11.
J Craniofac Surg ; 32(2): e223-e226, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33705082

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: As Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been gradually controlled domestically, various industries began to resume production in an orderly way. Attention should be paid to the disease and population characteristics of patients with cleft lip with/without palate during diagnosis and treatment. This article summarized and provided prevention and control recommendations on management strategies during hospitalization and protective measures of patients and healthcare workers, hoping to minimize the spread of disease and create a relatively safe environment for medical work.

12.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(5): 7084-7095, 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33638949

RESUMO

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common reproductive endocrine disorders which are involved in complicated and unknown pathogenic mechanisms. Paeoniflorin (PAE) plays a significant anti-fibrotic role according to previous studies. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of PAE on ovarian fibrosis and its underlying mechanism in PCOS development. An animal model of PCOS was established by subcutaneous injection of 60mg/kg/d dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) for 35 consecutive days. Rats in PAE-L, PAE-M and PAE-H groups were administrated by gavage with PAE (20, 40, 80 mg/kg/d) for 4 weeks. Our results indicated that DHEA-induced PCOS rats showed similar phenotypes with PCOS patients. PAE could significantly block the DHEA-induced decline of ovary weight and organ coefficient, shorten the prolonged diestrus period, and regulate the irregular estrous cycle of PCOS rats. Moreover, PAE regulated reproductive hormone levels and improved ovarian fibrosis induced by DHEA. PAE treatment could also reduce the expression levels of TGF-ß1 and Smad3, and increase the expression levels of Smad7 and MMP2. In conclusion, PAE significantly attenuated the ovarian fibrosis in PCOS, which could be mediated by TGF-ß1/Smads signaling pathway. Herein, PAE can be used for the treatment of ovarian fibrosis in PCOS progression.

13.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33632590

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Delphian lymph node metastasis (DLNM) has proven to be a risk factor for a poor prognosis in head and neck malignancies. This study aimed to reveal the clinical features and evaluate the predictive value of the Delphian lymph node (DLN) in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) to guide the extent of surgery. METHODS: Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital pathology database was reviewed from 2017 to 2020, and 516 PTC patients with DLN detection were enrolled. Retrospective analysis was performed, while multivariate analysis was performed to identify the risk factors for DLNM. RESULTS: Among the 516 PTC patients with DLN detection, the DLN metastasis rate was 25.39% (131/516). Tumor size >1 cm, location in the upper 1/3, central lymph node metastasis (CLNM), lateral lymph node metastasis (LLNM) and lymphovascular invasion were independent risk factors for DLNM. Patients with DLNM had a higher incidence of ipsilateral CLNM, contralateral CLNM (CCLNM) and LLNM, and larger numbers and size of metastatic CLNs than those without DLNM. The incidence of CLNM among cN0 patients with DLNM was higher than that among those without DLNM. The incidence of CCLNM among unilateral cN + patients with DLNM was similarly higher than that among patients without DLNM. CONCLUSIONS: DLNM indicates a high likelihood and large number of cervical lymph nodes metastases in PTC patients. Surgeons are strongly recommended to detect DLN status during operation by means of frozen pathology, so as to evaluate the possibility of cervical nodal metastasis and decide the appropriate extent of surgery.

14.
Cell Prolif ; 54(4): e13003, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33615605

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by the progressive loss of motor neurons (MN). CREB pathway-mediated inhibition of apoptosis contributes to neuron protection, and PAK4 activates CREB signalling in diverse cell types. This study aimed to investigate PAK4's effect and mechanism of action in ALS. METHODS: We analysed RNA levels by qRT-PCR, protein levels by immunofluorescence and Western blotting, and apoptosis by flow cytometry and TUNEL staining. Cell transfection was performed for in vitro experiment. Mice were injected intraspinally to evaluate PAK4 function in vivo experiment. Rotarod test was performed to measure motor function. RESULTS: The expression and activation of PAK4 significantly decreased in the cell and mouse models of ALS as the disease progressed, which was caused by the negative regulation of miR-9-5p. Silencing of PAK4 increased the apoptosis of MN by inhibiting CREB-mediated neuroprotection, whereas overexpression of PAK4 protected MN from hSOD1G93A -induced degeneration by activating CREB signalling. The neuroprotective effect of PAK4 was markedly inhibited by CREB inhibitor. In ALS models, the PAK4/CREB pathway was inhibited, and cell apoptosis increased. In vivo experiments revealed that PAK4 overexpression in the spinal neurons of hSOD1G93A mice suppressed MN degeneration, prolonged survival and promoted the CREB pathway. CONCLUSIONS: PAK4 protects MN from degeneration by activating the anti-apoptotic effects of CREB signalling, suggesting it may be a therapeutic target in ALS.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/patologia , Neurônios Motores/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase-1/metabolismo , Quinases Ativadas por p21/metabolismo , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/metabolismo , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/mortalidade , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína de Ligação a CREB/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína de Ligação a CREB/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Mutagênese Sítio-Dirigida , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Superóxido Dismutase-1/genética , Taxa de Sobrevida , Quinases Ativadas por p21/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinases Ativadas por p21/genética
15.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 150, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33632317

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the implications of circRNAs in the effects of melatonin (MEL) on bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) osteogenic differentiation and osteoporosis (OP) progression. The aim of our study was to investigate circRNAs in MEL-regulated BMSC differentiation and OP progression. METHODS: BMSC osteogenic differentiation was measured by qRT-PCR, western blot (WB), Alizarin Red, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining. Differential circRNA and mRNA profiles of BMSCs treated by MEL were characterized by deep sequencing, followed by validation using RT-PCR, Sanger sequencing, and qRT-PCR. Silencing and overexpression of circ_0003865 were conducted for functional investigations. The sponged microRNAs and targeted mRNAs were predicted by bioinformatics and validated by qRT-PCR, RNA pull-down, and dual-luciferase reporter assay. The function of miR-3653-3p and circ_0003865/miR-3653-3p/growth arrest-specific gene 1 (GAS1) cascade was validated for the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs by CCK-8, qRT-PCR, WB, Alizarin Red, and ALP staining. The effects of circ_0003865 on OP development were tested in murine OP model. RESULTS: MEL promoted osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. RNA sequencing revealed significant alterations in circRNA and mRNA profiles associated with multiple biological processes and signaling pathways. Circ_0003865 expression in BMSCs was significantly decreased by MEL treatment. Silencing of circ_0003865 had no effect on proliferation while promoted osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Overexpression of circ_0003865 abrogated the promotion of BMSC osteogenic differentiation induced by MEL, but proliferation of BMSCs induced by MEL had no change whether circ_0003865 was overexpression or not. Furthermore, circ_0003865 sponged miR-3653-3p to promote GAS1 expression in BMSCs. BMSC osteogenic differentiation was enhanced by miR-3653-3p overexpression while BMSC proliferation was not affected. By contrast, miR-3653-3p silencing mitigated the promoted BMSC osteogenic differentiation caused by circ_0003865 silencing, but had no effect on proliferation. Finally, circ_0003865 silencing repressed OP development in mouse model. CONCLUSION: MEL promotes BMSC osteogenic differentiation and inhibits OP pathogenesis by suppressing the expression of circ_0003865, which regulates GAS1 gene expression via sponging miR-3653-3p.

16.
Phytomedicine ; : 153498, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33640247

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), especially nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), has significantly increased in recent years and has become an important public health issue. However, no U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved first-line drug is currently available for the treatment of NAFLD and NASH; therefore, research on new drugs is currently a hot topic. Oroxylum indicum (Linn.) Kurz is extensively distributed in South China and South Asia and has many biological activities. However, its effects on NAFLD or even NASH and the corresponding mechanisms are still not clear. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect and mechanism of O. indicum seed extract (OISE) on preventing anti-inflammatory action in the progression from simple nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) to NASH. METHODS: A network pharmacology method to construct ingredient-target networks and the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of OISE in NASH were constructed for topological analyses and hub-target screening. Enrichment analyses were performed to identify the critical biological processes and signaling pathways. Simultaneously, in vitro and in vivo experiments investigated the effect and mechanism of OISE, baicalein, and chrysin on inflammation by biochemical indicator detection, luciferase reporters, pathological staining, and immunoblotting in oleic acid-stimulated HepG2 cells or in high-fat diet-fed rats. RESULTS: The network pharmacology showed that OISE prevented the development and progression of NAFL into NASH through various pathways and targets and that the nuclear factor NF-κB (NF-κB) pathway regulated by baicalein and chrysin played an important role in the treatment of NASH. In in vitro experiments, we further showed that OISE and its ingredients, namely, baicalein and chrysin, all improved the inflammatory status in oleic acid-stimulated HepG2 cells, inhibited the nuclear transcriptional activities of NF-κB, increased the IκB level, and decreased the phosphorylation level of NF-κB. Furthermore, in a high-fat diet-induced NASH model in rats, we also showed that OISE prevented the development and progression of NASH by inhibiting the nuclear transcriptional activity of NF-κB. CONCLUSION: OISE suppressed inflammatory responses and prevented the development and progression of NAFL into NASH through inhibition of the nuclear transcriptional activity of NF-κB. OISE may be used to treat NAFLD through many functions, including an increase in insulin sensitivity, a decrease in lipid accumulation in the liver, suppression of inflammation, and clearance of free radicals.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33543928

RESUMO

The development of novel low-dimensional materials makes the metallic contact to nanostructure facing challenges. Compared to side contacts, end-bonded contacts are proposed to be more effective pathways for charge injection and extraction. However, there is a lack of up-to-date understanding regarding end-bonded contacts, especially the recently emerged high-performance field-effect transistors (FETs). Here, the end-bonded contacts in tellurium (Te) transistors are first achieved by inducing metal semiconductor alloy. The formation of Pd-Te alloy structure is confirmed by a high-resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM) in Te-nanorod-based FETs. The ultralow specific contact resistance is estimated to be 5.1 × 10-9 Ω cm2 by the transmission line mode. On the basis of this finding, Te FETs are shown to exhibit incredible electronic properties, metal-insulator transition, and photodetection performance. This in-depth investigation of the end-bonded contact between Pd and Te speeds up the potential application of Te nanostructure and provides a feasible method for contact engineering in advanced devices.

18.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(2): 2851-2863, 2021 01 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33550277

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) will become the second most common cause of death in North America and Europe over the next 10 years owing to the lack of early diagnosis, poor treatment, and poor prognosis. This study evaluated the methylation array data of 184 patients with PDAC in The Cancer Genome Atlas database to explore methylation biomarkers related to patient outcome. Using Univariable Cox regression analysis and Lasso regression analysis method in the training dataset, it was found that the four DNA methylation markers (CCNT1, ITGB3, SDS, and HMOX2) were significantly correlated with the overall survival of patients with PDAC. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that these four DNA methylation markers could significantly distinguish high-risk and low-risk patients. Receiver operating characteristic analysis further confirmed that the four DNA methylation markers had high sensitivity and specificity, which could predict the prognosis of patients. Moreover, there was a difference in the genetic mutations between high-risk and low-risk patients distinguished by the four-DNA methylation model, which can provide information for clinical treatment. Finally, compared with known biomarkers, the model was more accurate in predicting the prognosis of PDAC. This four-DNA methylation model has potential as a new independent prognostic indicator, and could be used for the diagnosis, monitoring, and precision medicine of pancreatic cancer.

19.
J Craniofac Surg ; Publish Ahead of Print2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33405441

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Pruzansky-Kaban III hemifacial microsomia (HFM) is a rare congenital facial deformity, and it is challenging to reconstruct the facial appearance. The aim of the present study was to describe a technique of application of virtual planning for three-dimensional (3D) guided maxillofacial reconstruction of Pruzansky-Kaban III HFM using custom made fixation plate. METHODS: With the help of 3D models, a preoperative virtual planning and surgical simulation were performed. Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacture (CAD/CAM) patient customized guides and custom fixation plates were designed to reconstruct the maxillofacial skull intraoperatively. Assessment was achieved through evaluation of the postoperative effects, such as imaging, facial appearance recovery and operation time. RESULTS: Five patients with Pruzansky-Kaban III HFM were enrolled into this study. The results showed an exceptional accuracy between the preoperative virtual planning and the outcomes actually achieved postoperatively. Intraoperative measurements were no longer needed and the different surgical steps became more simple and easier. The total time was distributed as: 160 minutes for the surgical time, 40 minutes for preoperative virtual plan, and 80 minutes for designing the patient specific cutting guides and custom fixation plates. The operating time and tissue damage were reduced. All cases underwent uneventful healing without any complications. CONCLUSION: The technique of patient specific guides and custom fixation plates is a reliable method of conveying the virtual plan to the operative field with higher efficiency in patients with Pruzansky-Kaban III HFM.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33471495

RESUMO

Cellulose-based materials have gained increasing attention for the development of low-cost, eco-friendly technologies, and more recently, as functional materials in triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs). However, the low output performance of cellulose-based TENGs severely restricts their versatility and employment in emerging smart building and smart city applications. Here, we report a high output performance of a commercial cellulosic material-based energy harvesting floor (CEHF). Benefiting from the significant difference in the triboelectric properties between weighing and nitrocellulose papers, high surface roughness achieved by a newly developed mechanical exfoliation method, and large overall contact area via a multilayered device structure, the CEHF (25 cm × 15 cm × 1.2 cm) exhibits excellent output performance with a maximum output voltage, current, and power peak values of 360 V, 250 µA, and 5 mW, respectively. It can be directly installed or integrated with regular flooring products to effectively convert human body movements into electricity and shows good durability and stability. Moreover, a wireless transmission sensing system that can produce a 1:1 footstep-to-signal (transmitted and received) ratio is instantaneously powered by a TENG based entirely on cellulosic materials for the first time. This work provides a feasible and effective way to utilize commercial cellulosic materials to construct self-powered wireless transmission systems for real-time sensing applications.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...