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1.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1177: 338786, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482889

RESUMO

Biological thiols importantly regulate the intracellular redox activity and metabolic level, but many of the developed probes for biothiols are facing difficulty in effectively distinguishing GSH from Cys/Hcy due to the similarity in mechanism. In this work, despite the previous pattern of "Logic Gate", we reported the concept of "Fluorescence Fusion" for the first time to achieve only one excitation-emission process. The exploited the probe, MZ-NBD, could quickly measure GSH in 10 min with a large Stokes shift (130 nm). Though the reacting mechanism was similar, only GSH could cause the "Fluorescence Fusion" with only one strong fluorescence response while Cys/Hcy caused two peaks. Adjusting the excitation wavelength could hardly split the fused peak into two. Though image recognition by artificial intelligence could easily distinguish the patterns of peaks, here we used the signal-treating method to realize the high selectivity towards GSH. Moreover, MZ-NBD could be utilized for rapid detection of GSH in living MCF-7 cells, which was more suitable for GSH than using the "Logic Gate" strategy. More than introducing a novel probe with the new concept, this work was meaningful as the linker of traditional reaction-based fluorescent probes and potential image recognition by artificial intelligence, thus led to various future researches in inter-disciplines.


Assuntos
Cisteína , Glutationa , Inteligência Artificial , Fluorescência , Corantes Fluorescentes , Glutationa/isolamento & purificação , Homocisteína , Humanos , Células MCF-7
2.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(39): 46391-46405, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34570465

RESUMO

Proteins are like miracle machines, playing important roles in living organisms. They perform vital biofunctions by further combining together and/or with other biomacromolecules to form assemblies or condensates such as membraneless organelles. Therefore, studying the self-assembly of biomacromolecules is of fundamental importance. In addition to their biological activities, protein assemblies also exhibit extra properties that enable them to achieve applications beyond their original functions. Herein, this study showed that in the presence of monosaccharides, ethylene glycols, and amino acids, ß-lactoglobulin (ß-LG) can form assemblies with specific structures, which were highly reproducible. The mechanism of the assembly process was studied through multi-scale observations and theoretical analysis, and it was found that the assembling all started from the formation of solute-rich liquid droplets via liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS). These droplets then combined together to form condensates with elaborate structures, and the condensates finally evolved to form assemblies with various morphologies. Such a mechanism of the assembly is valuable for studying the assembly processes that frequently occur in living organisms. Detailed studies concerning the properties and applications of the obtained ß-LG assemblies showed that the assemblies exhibited significantly better performances than the protein itself in terms of autofluorescence, antioxidant activity, and metal ion absorption, which indicates broad applications of these assemblies in bioimaging, biodetection, biodiagnosis, health maintenance, and pollution treatment. This study revealed that biomacromolecules, especially proteins, can be assembled via LLPS, and some unexpected application potentials could be found beyond their original biological functions.

3.
Mikrochim Acta ; 188(7): 234, 2021 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34160693

RESUMO

Coral-like Ag-Mo2C/C-I and blocky Ag-Mo2C/C-II composites were obtained from one-step in situ calcination of [Ag(HL)3(Mo8O26)]n·nH2O [L: N-(pyridin-3-ylmethyl) pyridine-2-amine] under N2/H2 and N2 atmospheres, respectively. The coral-like morphology of Ag-Mo2C/C-I is composed of interwoven nanorods embedded with small particles, and the nano-aggregate of Ag-Mo2C/C-II is formed by cross-linkage of irregular nanoparticles. The above composites are decorated on glassy carbon electrode (GCE) drop by drop to generate two enzyme-free electrochemical sensors (Ag-Mo2C/C/GCE) for amperometric detection of H2O2. In particular, the coral-like Ag-Mo2C/C-I/GCE sensor possesses rapid response (1.2 s), high sensitivity (466.2 µA·mM-1·cm-2), and low detection limit (25 nM) towards trace H2O2 and has wide linear range (0.08 µM~4.67 mM) and good stability. All these sensing performances are superior to Ag-Mo2C/C-II/GCE, indicating that the calcining atmosphere has an important influence on microstructure and electrochemical properties. The excellent electrochemical H2O2 sensing performance of Ag-Mo2C/C-I/GCE sensor is mainly attributed to the synergism of unique microstructure, platinum-like electron structure of Mo2C, strong interaction between Mo and Ag, as well as the increased active sites and conductivity caused by co-doped Ag and carbon. Furthermore, this sensor has been successfully applied to the detection of H2O2 in human serum sample, contact lens solution, and commercial disinfector, demonstrating the potential in related fields of environment and biology. Graphical abstract.

4.
Water Res ; 201: 117325, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34144484

RESUMO

Anaerobic digestion (AD) is a promising technology capable of converting waste matter into bio-energy. Recent studies have reported that microbial electrolysis cell assisted anaerobic digestion (MEC-AD) is an effective system for methane production from organic waste, via enhanced electron transfer. However, little is known about the effects of applied voltage on the AD of proteins. Herein, the mechanism of MEC-AD on protein digestion was investigated using varying concentrations of bovine serum albumin (BSA) as the protein substrate (500 mg/L, 4 g/L, and 20 g/L BSA). Experimental results showed that the applied voltage can not only enhance the methane production rate from 23.8% to 45.6% at low and medium organic loading (BSA concentration of 500 mg/L and 4 g/L), but also improve the methanogenesis efficiency increased by 225.4% at high BSA concentration (20 g/L) with the applied voltage of 0.6 V compared to that with open circuit. Mechanism explorations revealed that the applied voltage significantly enhanced the acidogenesis and methanogenesis processes in the AD of proteins. Microbial community characterization showed that with the applied voltage, the abundance of fermentative bacteria increased by 46.7 % at the anode, while, the abundance of Methanobacterium at the cathode increased from 10.4 to 84.3%, indicating the methanogenesis pathway transformed from acetoclastic to hydrogenotrophic. External circuit electron transfer calculations demonstrated that only 10% of the produced methane could be attributed to direct interspecies electron transfer (DIET). From a thermodynamic perspective, the applied external voltage led to a reduction in the cathodic potential to -0.9 V, which is beneficial for enhanced methane production via mediated interspecies electron transfer (MIET) by enrichment of hydrogenotrophic methanogens. The findings reported here reveal the previously unrecognized contribution of proteins to MEC-AD, while also furthering our understanding of the role of applied voltage in the MEC-AD process.


Assuntos
Eletrólise , Metano , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , Eletrodos , Transporte de Elétrons
5.
Parasit Vectors ; 14(1): 238, 2021 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33957927

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cryptosporidium is an important zoonotic pathogen responsible for severe enteric diseases in humans and animals. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying host and Cryptosporidium interactions are still not clear. METHODS: To study the roles of circRNAs in host cells during Cryptosporidium infection, the expression profiles of circRNAs in HCT-8 cells infected with C. parvum were investigated using a microarray assay, and the regulatory role of a significantly upregulated circRNA, ciRS-7, was investigated during C. parvum infection. RESULTS: C. parvum infection caused notable alterations in the expression profiles of circRNAs in HCT-8 cells, and a total of 178 (including 128 up- and 50 downregulated) circRNAs were significantly differentially expressed following C. parvum infection. Among them, ciRS-7 was significantly upregulated and regulated the NF-κB signaling pathway by sponging miR-1270 during C. parvum infection. Furthermore, the ciRS-7/miR-1270/relA axis markedly affected the propagation of C. parvum in HCT-8 cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our results revealed that ciRS-7 would promote C. parvum propagation by regulating the miR-1270/relA axis and affecting the NF-κB pathway. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the role of circRNA during Cryptosporidium infection, and the findings provide a novel view for implementing control strategies against Cryptosporidium infection.


Assuntos
Cryptosporidium parvum , Células Epiteliais/parasitologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Circular/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Criptosporidiose/metabolismo , Cryptosporidium parvum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cryptosporidium parvum/patogenicidade , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
6.
World J Clin Cases ; 8(20): 4908-4916, 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33195660

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 pneumonia poses a particular challenge to the emergency surgical treatment of elderly patients with high-risk acute abdominal diseases. Elderly patients are a high-risk group for surgical treatment. If the incarceration of gallstones cannot be relieved, emergency surgery is unavoidable. CASE SUMMARY: We report an 89-year-old male patient with acute gangrenous cholecystitis and septic shock induced by incarcerated cholecystolithiasis. He had several coexisting, high-risk underlying diseases, had a history of radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer, and was taking aspirin before the operation. Nevertheless, he underwent emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy, with maintenance of postoperative heart and lung function, successfully recovered, and was discharged on day 8 after the operation. CONCLUSION: Emergency surgery for elderly patients with acute abdominal disease is safe and feasible during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, the key is to abide strictly by the hospital's epidemic prevention regulations, fully implement the epidemic prevention procedure for emergency surgery, fully prepare before the operation, accurately perform the operation, and carefully manage the patient postoperatively.

8.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2020: 3649613, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32908448

RESUMO

Background: Brain injury is the leading cause of death following cardiac arrest (CA) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Ac2-26 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) have been shown to reduce neuroinflammation. This study is aimed at determining the mechanism by which Ac2-26 protects against inflammation during brain injury following CA and CPR. Methods: Sixty-four rats were randomized into sham, saline, Ac2-26, and Ac2-26+L-NIO (endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) inhibitor) groups. Rats received Ac2-26, Ac2-26+L-NIO, or saline after CPR. Neurologic function was assessed at baseline, 24, and 72 hours after CPR. At 72 hours after resuscitation, serum and brain tissues were collected. Results: Blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability increased, and the number of surviving neurons and neurological function decreased in the saline group compared to the sham group. Anti-inflammatory and proinflammatory factors, neuron-specific enolase (NSE) levels, and the expression of eNOS, phosphorylated (p)-eNOS, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and oxidative stress-related factors in the three CA groups significantly increased (P < 0.05). BBB permeability decreased, and the number of surviving neurons and neurological function increased in the Ac2-26 group compared to the saline group (P < 0.05). Ac2-26 increased anti-inflammatory and reduced proinflammatory markers, raised NSE levels, increased the expression of eNOS and p-eNOS, and reduced the expression of iNOS and oxidative stress-related factors compared to the saline group (P < 0.05). The effect of Ac2-26 on brain injury was reversed by L-NIO (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Ac2-26 reduced brain injury after CPR by inhibiting oxidative stress and neuroinflammation and protecting the BBB. The therapeutic effect of Ac2-26 on brain injury was largely dependent on the eNOS pathway.

9.
Bioresour Technol ; 304: 123000, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32088625

RESUMO

An increasing interest is devoted to combined microbial electrolysis cell-anaerobic digestion (MEC-AD) system which could convert waste activated sludge into biogas. In this study series tests were initially conducted to study the effect of alkaline pretreatment on AD system and the results showed that alkaline pretreatment could promote the dissolution of organic matters in the sludge and thus improve the methane production. Then, the methane production in combined MEC-AD system fed with alkaline-pretreated sludge was investigated. The results indicated that the methane productions increased by 37% and 42% when applied voltage was 0.5 V and 0.8 V. The microbial electrochemical system strongly promoted the growth of Euryarchaeota (Methanosaeta and Methanobacterium). Meanwhile, the abundance of Paraclostridium increased from 17.9% to 38.5% when applied voltage was 0.8 V, suggesting an enhanced fermentation and acetogenesis process. The results of energy balance estimation indicated that MEC-AD system at 0.5 V could achieve higher net energy output.


Assuntos
Reatores Biológicos , Esgotos , Anaerobiose , Eletrólise , Metano , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos
10.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 20(1): 22, 2020 01 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31973700

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Splenectomy performed with a curved incision results in severe postoperative pain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of transversus abdominis plane block and rectus sheath block on postoperative pain relief and recovery. METHODS: A total of 150 patients were randomized into the control (C), levobupivacaine (L) and levobupivacaine/morphine (LM) groups. The patients in the C group received only patient-controlled analgesia. The patients in the L and LM groups received transversus abdominis plane block and rectus sheath block with levobupivacaine or levobupivacaine plus morphine. The intraoperative opioid consumption; postoperative pain score; time to first analgesic use; postoperative recovery data, including the times of first exhaust, defecation, oral intake and off-bed activity; the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting and antiemetics use; and the satisfaction score were recorded. RESULTS: Transversus abdominis plane block and rectus sheath block reduced intraoperative opioid consumption. The patients in the LM group showed lower postoperative pain scores, opioid consumption, postoperative nausea and vomiting incidence and antiemetic use and presented shorter recovery times and higher satisfaction scores. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of transversus abdominis plane block and rectus sheath block with levobupivacaine and morphine can improve postoperative pain relief, reduce the consumption of analgesics, and partly accelerate postoperative recovery. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR 1,800,015,141, 10 March 2018.


Assuntos
Músculos Abdominais/efeitos dos fármacos , Levobupivacaína , Morfina , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Esplenectomia/efeitos adversos , Músculos Abdominais/diagnóstico por imagem , Analgésicos Opioides , Anestésicos Locais , China , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Reto do Abdome/diagnóstico por imagem , Reto do Abdome/efeitos dos fármacos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos
11.
Cell Transplant ; 28(12): 1674-1685, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31526054

RESUMO

Ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) is a common complication that results from treatment with mechanical ventilation (MV) in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients. The present study investigated the effect of endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) transplantation on VILI. Wistar rats were divided into three groups (n = 8): sham (S), VILI model (V) induced by tidal volume ventilation (17 mL/kg), and VILI plus EPC transplantation (VE) groups. The lung PaO2/FiO2 ratio, pulmonary wet-to-dry (W/D) weight ratio, number of neutrophils, total protein, neutrophil elastase level, and inflammatory cytokines in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and serum were examined. Furthermore, the histological and apoptotic analysis, and lung tissue protein expression analysis of Bax, Bcl-2, cleaved caspase-3, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, total nuclear factor kappa B (total-NF-κB), phosphorylated NF-κB (phospho-NF-κB) and myosin light chain (MLC) were performed. The ventilation-induced decrease in PaO2/FiO2 ratio, and the increase in W/D ratio and total protein concentration were prevented by the EPC transplantation. The EPC transplantation (VE group) significantly attenuated the VILI-induced increased expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-8, MMP-9, phospho-NF-κB and MLC, neutrophil elastase levels and neutrophil counts in BALF. In addition, the anti-inflammatory factor IL-10 increased in the VE group. Furthermore, pulmonary histological injury and apoptosis (TUNEL-positive cells, increase in Bax and cleaved caspase-3) were considerably diminished by the EPC transplantation. The EPC transplantation ameliorated the VILI. The mechanism may be primarily through the improvement of epithelial permeability, inhibition of local and systemic inflammation, and reduction in apoptosis.


Assuntos
Células Progenitoras Endoteliais , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Pulmão , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Lesão Pulmonar Induzida por Ventilação Mecânica , Aloenxertos , Animais , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/metabolismo , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/patologia , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/transplante , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Lesão Pulmonar Induzida por Ventilação Mecânica/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar Induzida por Ventilação Mecânica/patologia , Lesão Pulmonar Induzida por Ventilação Mecânica/terapia
12.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 117: 109194, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387174

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung ischemia-reperfusion injury (LIRI) is a major complication after lung transplantation. Annexin A1 (AnxA1) ameliorates inflammation in various injured organs. This study aimed to determine the effects and mechanism of AnxA1 on LIRI after lung transplantation. METHODS: Thirty-two rats were randomized into sham, saline, Ac2-26 and Ac2-26/L groups. Rats in the saline, Ac2-26 and Ac2-26/L groups underwent left lung transplantation and received saline, Ac2-26, and Ac2-26/L-NIO, respectively. After 24 h of reperfusion, serum and transplanted lung tissues were examined. RESULTS: The partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) was increased in the Ac2-26 group compared to that in the saline group but was decreased by L-NIO treatment. In the Ac2-26 group, the wet-to-dry (W/D) weight ratios, total protein concentrations, proinflammatory factors and inducible nitric oxide synthase levels were notably decreased, but the concentrations of anti-inflammatory factors and endothelial nitric oxide synthase levels were significantly increased. Ac2-26 attenuated histological injury and cell apoptosis, and this improvement was reversed by L-NIO. CONCLUSIONS: Ac2-26 reduced LIRI and improved alveoli-capillary permeability by inhibiting oxygen stress, inflammation and apoptosis. The protective effect of Ac2-26 on LIRI largely depended on the endothelial nitric oxide synthase pathway.


Assuntos
Anexina A1/farmacologia , Lesão Pulmonar/metabolismo , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Animais , Anexina A1/metabolismo , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
13.
Environ Int ; 132: 105096, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31465952

RESUMO

The micro-aerobic condition has proven to effectively enhance the COD removal and elemental sulfur (S0) transformation rate in the sulfate reduction-denitrifying sulfide removal (SR-DSR) process. However, the mechanisms of how micro-aerobic condition enhances S0 transformation remain largely unknown. Therefore in this work an integrated investigation was performed to document the mechanisms and the effect of different startup modes (micro-aerobic startup (termed as mSR-DSR) and anaerobic startup (termed as aSR-DSR)) on bioreactor performance and microbial community dynamics. The results showed that micro-aerobic startup achieved a shorter period to reach a stable performance for SR-DSR, which could be one of the factors affecting the choice of the bioreactor startup mode considering engineering application. For all the tested conditions, removal of nitrate, sulfate and lactate were 100%, >80% and 100%, respectively. The maximum transformation rate of elemental sulfur in mSR-DSR was 57%, which was higher than that in aSR-DSR. The mechanism explorations revealed that micro-aerobic condition not only particularly enriched the sulfide-oxidizing, nitrate-reducing bacteria (soNRB) but also promoted the microbial zonation of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) and soNRB, thereby achieving more S0 transformation in the effluent. Under micro-aerobic condition, SRB were mainly distributed in the bottom and middle part of the reactor, while soNRB were assembled in the top. The relative abundance of soNRB in both aSR-DSR and mSR-DSR notably increased to 41.5% and 23.7% at the top when 5 mL air min-1 Lreactor-1 was applied. Furthermore, the degradation of organic carbon was also accelerated under micro-aerobic condition, possibly due to the enrichment of organic compounds degrading bacteria Bacteroidetes_vadin HA17.


Assuntos
Reatores Biológicos , Aerobiose , Anaerobiose , Bactérias/metabolismo , Desnitrificação , Oxirredução , Sulfatos/metabolismo , Sulfetos/metabolismo , Enxofre/metabolismo
14.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 507(1-4): 128-135, 2018 12 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30415773

RESUMO

BACKGROUND INFORMATION: Divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1) and transferrin receptor (TfR1) are vital proteins for cellular iron uptake. These proteins have hypoxia-responsive elements (HREs) in their 5'-regulatory region, and they are regulated by hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) transcriptionally under hypoxic condition. Besides, iron regulatory protein 1 (IRP1) regulates DMT1 and TfR1 by binding to iron-responsive elements (IREs) present in their mRNAs to control cellular iron homeostasis. RESULTS: Here, we explored the effect of acute hypoxia on iron uptake. Ferrous iron uptake was elevated by DMT1(+IRE) and TfR1 under acute hypoxia. The luciferase activity analysis revealed that the functional HREs of DMT1 and TfR1 were increased. However, their IREs-dependent luciferase activities were reduced simultaneously. The mRNA stability of TfR1 and DMT1(+IRE) was suppressed under acute hypoxia. The mRNA levels of TfR1 and DMT1(+IRE) were restrain by silencing IRP1. In sharp contrast, HIF-1α overexpression enhanced the mRNA levels of TfR1 and DMT1(+IRE), which reversed the inhibition of IRP1 on both. HIF-1α konckdown suppressed the hypoxia-induced increase expression of TfR1 and DMT1(+IRE), whereas both proteins had little change when further decreased the IRP1 expression under hypoxia. Hypoxia upregulated the protein expression of Ferrtin-L in a time-dependent manner, yet there was no different when IRP1 silencing or overexperssion under hypoxia. The lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release induced by hypoxia was increased by TfR1 siRNA silence. CONCLUSIONS: We propose that HIF-1/HRE system might play a principal part in hypoxia induced iron uptake.


Assuntos
Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Proteína 1 Reguladora do Ferro/metabolismo , Ferro/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions/metabolismo , Hipóxia Celular/genética , Ferritinas/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Proteína 1 Reguladora do Ferro/genética , Receptores da Transferrina/metabolismo , Elementos de Resposta/genética
15.
Chemosphere ; 212: 837-844, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30193232

RESUMO

Micro-aerobic condition has proven to be effective in enhancing sulfide oxidation to elemental sulfur (S0) during integrated simultaneous desulfurization and denitrification process (ISDD). In this study we investigated and compared the performance and microbial community of ISDD process operating under initially anoxic, then micro-aerobic and finally switch back to anoxic condition. For all the three tested scenarios, comparable bioreactor performance in terms of sulfate (95.0 ±â€¯4.4%, 90.6 ±â€¯3.8%, 89.8 ±â€¯3.5%) and nitrate (∼100%) removal was achieved. However, a shift of ISDD bioreactor from micro-aerobic to anoxic environment clearly increased the S0 production (30.6%), relative to that at initial anoxic condition (14.2%). Further anoxic bioreactor operation with different influent nitrate concentrations also obtained satisfactory performance particularly in terms of S0 production. Microbial community analysis results showed that functional microorganisms selectively enriched at micro-aerobic condition, particularly sulfide-oxidizing bacteria (SOB), could also function well and enhance S0 production when bioreactor switching from micro-aerobic to anoxic environment. We proposed that micro-aerobic strategy could function as a bio-selector and provide a new idea in functional microorganisms selectively enrichment for wastewater treatment.


Assuntos
Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia , Desnitrificação , Enxofre/isolamento & purificação , Águas Residuárias/química , Bactérias/metabolismo , Reatores Biológicos/normas , Nitratos/análise , Oxirredução , Oxigênio , Sulfatos/análise , Águas Residuárias/análise , Purificação da Água
16.
Arch Med Res ; 49(3): 172-181, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30119979

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mechanical ventilation (MV) can cause ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). AIM OF THE STUDY: This study investigated whether endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFC) could inhibit VILI in a rat model of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). METHODS: Male Wistar rats received the femoral artery and venous cannulation (sham group) or were injected intravenously with 500 µg/kg lipopolysaccharide to induce ARDS. The ARDS rats were subjected to MV. Immediately after the MV, the rats were randomized and injected intravenously with vehicle (ARDS group) or ECFC (ECFC group, n = 8 per group). The oxygen index, lung wet-to-dry weight (W/D) ratios, cytokine protein levels in serum or bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), neutrophil counts, neutrophil elastase and total protein levels in BALF, histology and cell apoptosis in the lung were detected. The protein levels of endothelin-1, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), endothelial NOS, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, Bax, Bcl-2, gelsolin, cleaved caspase-3, phosphorylated NF-κBp65 and myosin light chain (MLC) in the lung were analyzed. RESULTS: Compared with the ARDS group, treatment with ECFC significantly increased the oxygen index, and decreased the lung W/D ratios and injury, and the numbers of apoptotic cells in the lungs, neutrophils counts, total protein and elastase concentrations in BALF of rats. ECFC treatment significantly minimized the protein levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in BALF and serum, but increased interleukin 10 in rats. Furthermore, ECFC treatment significantly reduced the protein levels of endothelin-1, iNOS, Bax, Gelsolin, MMP-9, cleaved caspase-3, phosphorylated NF-κBp65 and MLC, but enhanced eNOS and Bcl-2 in the lungs of rats. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, ECFC attenuated inflammation, cell apoptosis and VILI in ARDS rats.


Assuntos
Apoptose/fisiologia , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/patologia , Lesão Pulmonar Induzida por Ventilação Mecânica/patologia , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Caspase 3 , Citocinas/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Contagem de Leucócitos , Lipopolissacarídeos , Masculino , Neutrófilos/patologia , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2 , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Respiração Artificial
17.
Front Microbiol ; 9: 1409, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30013528

RESUMO

Cryptosporidium parvum is one of the most important enteric protozoan pathogens, responsible for severe diarrhea in immunocompromised human and livestock. However, few effective agents were available for controlling this parasite. Accumulating evidences suggest that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) played key roles in many diseases through regulating the gene expression. Here, the expression profiles of lncRNAs and mRNAs were analyzed in HCT-8 cells infected with C. parvum IId subtype using microarray assay. A total of 821 lncRNAs and 1,349 mRNAs were differentially expressed in infected cells at 24 h post infection (pi). Of them, all five types of lncRNAs were identified, including 22 sense, 280 antisense, 312 intergenic, 44 divergent, 33 intronic lncRNAs, and 130 lncRNAs that were not found the relationship with mRNAs' location. Additionally, real-time polymerase chain reactions of 10 lncRNAs and 10 mRNAs randomly selected were successfully confirmed the microarray results. The co-expression and target prediction analysis indicated that 27 mRNAs were cis-regulated by 29 lncRNAs and 109 were trans-regulated by 114 lncRNAs. These predicted targets were enriched in several pathways involved in the interaction between host and C. parvum, e.g., hedgehog signaling pathway, Wnt signaling pathway, and tight junction, suggesting that these differentially expressed lncRNAs would play important regulating roles during the infection of C. parvum IId subtype.

18.
Exp Gerontol ; 106: 132-136, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29499373

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated that liver enzymes are associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, little information is available regarding these relationships in elderly populations. Our present study aimed to explore the associations between liver enzymes and the risk of MetS in elderly populations. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1444 elder participants (970 men and 474 women) who attended annual physical examinations. Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were performed to estimate the associations between liver enzymes and the risk of MetS and its components according to quartiles of the concentration of each liver enzyme. RESULTS: The prevalence of MetS and its components increased remarkably with increasing quartiles of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) but not with aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in the elderly. Compared with subjects in the bottom quartile, the adjusted odds ratio for MetS in the highest ALT, GGT and ALP quartiles were 1.78 (95% CI 1.21-2.61), 2.58 (95% CI 1.77-3.78) and 1.85 (95%CI 1.27-2.70) respectively. No statistically significant increases in the odds ratio for MetS according to increased quartiles of AST were found in either the univariate or multivariate logistic regression analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated liver enzymes levels (mainly ALT, GGT and ALP but not AST) are positively associated with the prevalence of MetS in elderly populations.


Assuntos
Fígado/enzimologia , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Idoso , Alanina Transaminase/metabolismo , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Aspartato Aminotransferases/metabolismo , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Testes de Função Hepática , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , gama-Glutamiltransferase/metabolismo
19.
Infect Genet Evol ; 41: 26-31, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27017915

RESUMO

Cryptosporidiosis, microsporidiosis, and giardiasis contribute significantly to the high burden of zoonotic diarrhea worldwide. Goats constitute an important species in animal agriculture by providing cashmere wool, meat, and dairy products for human consumption. However, zoonotic pathogens with the potential to cause morbidity and to degrade production have been reported frequently in goats recently. The present study examined 629 fecal specimens from goats, including 315 cashmere goats, 170 dairy goats and 144 meat goats, in multiple cities of Shaanxi and Henan provinces, northwestern and central China, to investigate the infection rate and species/assemblages/genotypes of Giardia duodenalis, Cryptosporidium spp. and Enterocytozoon bieneusi. Of these samples, 274 (43.6%) were positive for three zoonotic pathogens, including 80 (12.7%), 104 (16.5%) and 179 (28.5%) for G. duodenalis, Cryptosporidium spp. and E. bieneusi, respectively. Infections with G. duodenalis, Cryptosporidium spp. and E. bieneusi existed in meat, dairy and cashmere goats, with the highest infection rate of each pathogen being observed in meat goats. DNA sequencing of the SSU rRNA gene from 104 Cryptosporidium-positive specimens revealed existence of Cryptosporidium xiaoi, and the zoonotic parasites Cryptosporidium parvum and Cryptosporidium ubiquitum. Genotyping of G. duodenalis based on the triosephosphate isomerase (TPI) gene identified parasites from zoonotic assemblage A in four cashmere goats and the animal-adapted assemblage E in a group of 76 goats that included cashmere, dairy and meat animals. Polymorphisms in the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer characterized E. bieneusi genotype CHG1 and a novel genotype named as SX1 in both dairy and cashmere goats, genotypes CHS7 and COSI in meat goats, the genotype CHG2 in dairy goats, and the human-pathogenic genotype BEB6 in dairy and meat goats. This is the first detailed study to compare infection rate of the zoonotic protozoan pathogens in cashmere, dairy and meat goats in China. Our research discovered Cryptosporidium spp. and E. bieneusi infections, each with zoonotic potential in meat goats, and G. duodenalis and Cryptosporidium spp. in cashmere goats raising a significant public health concern.


Assuntos
Criptosporidiose/epidemiologia , Giardíase/veterinária , Cabelo/parasitologia , Carne/parasitologia , Microsporidiose/veterinária , Leite/parasitologia , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Criptosporidiose/parasitologia , Criptosporidiose/transmissão , Cryptosporidium/genética , Cryptosporidium/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cryptosporidium/isolamento & purificação , DNA de Protozoário/genética , Enterocytozoon/genética , Enterocytozoon/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Enterocytozoon/isolamento & purificação , Fezes/parasitologia , Feminino , Giardia lamblia/genética , Giardia lamblia/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Giardia lamblia/isolamento & purificação , Giardíase/epidemiologia , Giardíase/parasitologia , Giardíase/transmissão , Cabras , Masculino , Microsporidiose/epidemiologia , Microsporidiose/parasitologia , Microsporidiose/transmissão , Prevalência , Proteínas de Protozoários/genética
20.
J Basic Microbiol ; 55(8): 1029-39, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25727311

RESUMO

A yeast producing a cold-adapted phytase was isolated from Antarctic deep-sea sediment and identified as a Rhodotorula mucilaginosa strain JMUY14 of basidiomycetous yeasts. It was cultured in fermentation optimized by a response surface methodology based on the Box-Behnken design. The maximum activity of phytase reached 205.447 U ml(-1), which was close to the predicted value of 201.948 U ml(-1) and approximately 3.4 times higher than its initial activity. The extracellular phytase was purified by 15.2-fold to homogeneity with a specific activity of 31,635 U mg(-1) by (NH4 )2 SO4 precipitation, and a combination of DEAE Sepharose Fast Flow, SP Sepharose Fast Flow, and Sephadex G-100. The molecular weight of the purified enzyme was estimated to be 63 kDa and its pI was 4.33. Its optimal temperature and pH were 50 °C and 5.0, respectively. Its activity was 85% at 37 °C, and showed good stability at pH 3.0 ∼ 7.0. When compared with mesophilic counterparts, the phytase not only exhibited a higher activity during 20 ∼ 30 °C but also had a low Km (247 µM) and high kcat (1394 s(-1)). The phytase activity was slightly stimulated in the presence of Mg(2+), Fe(2+), Fe(3+), K(+), Na(+), Ca(2+), EDTA, and EGTA and moderately inhibited by Cu(2+), Zn(2+), Mn(2+), Ag(+), PMSF, SDS, and phenylgloxal hydrate. It was resistant to both pepsin and trypsin. Since the phytase produced by the R. mucilaginosa JMUY14 showed a high specific activity, good pH stability, strong protease resistance, and high activity at low temperature, it has great potential for feed applications, especially in aquaculture.


Assuntos
6-Fitase/isolamento & purificação , 6-Fitase/metabolismo , Adaptação Fisiológica , Temperatura Baixa , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Rhodotorula/enzimologia , 6-Fitase/antagonistas & inibidores , 6-Fitase/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Regiões Antárticas , Aquicultura , Estabilidade Enzimática , Fermentação , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Peso Molecular , Pepsina A/metabolismo , Filogenia , Rhodotorula/isolamento & purificação , Rhodotorula/fisiologia , Especificidade por Substrato , Tripsina/metabolismo
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