Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 634
Filtrar
1.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(8): 748-753, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517455

RESUMO

Objective: To study and explore the prevalence, characteristics, preliminary risk factors, as well as their relationship with nutritional scores in liver cirrhotic patient with chronic periodontitis. Methods: 163 patients with liver cirrhosis who were hospitalized in the Hepatology Division, Department of Internal Medicine at Tianjin Third Central Hospital from June to September 2018 were enrolled as the case group, while the control group consisted 140 healthy individuals enrolled during the same period. Periodontal examination, biochemical examination and oral hygiene habits were investigated. The prevalence of periodontitis in the two groups was compared, and the risk factors of severe periodontitis were conducted by multivariate regression analysis. Results: The prevalence of chronic periodontitis was significantly higher in patients with liver cirrhosis than healthy control population, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). The prevalence of severe periodontitis and full edentulous jaws was significantly higher in patients with liver cirrhosis than healthy control group, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05 and P < 0.001). Compared with the healthy control group, the depth of periodontal pocket and the degree of attachment loss were significantly increased in the liver cirrhosis group (P < 0.001). Multivariate regression analysis showed that liver cirrhosis was the independent risk factors for both groups of patients with severe periodontitis (χ (2) = 11.046, P < 0.001). Univariate and multivariate regression analysis showed that toothbrushing frequency, nutritional risk score, prealbumin level and Child-Pugh grade were independent risk factors for occurrence of severe periodontitis in liver cirrhotic patient (χ (2) = 5.252, P = 0.022; χ (2) = 24.162, P < 0.001; χ (2) = 4.159, P = 0.041; χ (2) = 9.249, P = 0.002). Conclusion: The prevalence of periodontitis is significantly higher in patients with liver cirrhosis than healthy individuals, and liver cirrhosis is an independent risk factor for the occurrence of severe periodontitis. Toothbrushing frequency, nutritional risk score, prealbumin level and Child-Pugh grade are risk factors for severe periodontitis in patients with liver cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica , Periodontite Crônica/complicações , Periodontite Crônica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Estado Nutricional , Perda da Inserção Periodontal , Fatores de Risco
3.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(8): 554-560, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34420287

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the risk factors of urinary incontinence (UI) in China by using random forest algorithm, and to evaluate the predictive effect of each risk factor on UI. Methods: A baseline survey with a multistage stratified cluster sampling design was conducted between February 2014 and January 2016, and followed up by telephone from June to December 2018. A total of 55 477 adult women from six provinces of China participated the survey. According to the ratio of 1:1, under sampling method was used to randomly select the same number of women as UI from the non UI women. The data were randomly divided into training set and verification set according to 7:3. The training set was used to establish the random forest model, which including the candidate variables with P<0.2 in univariate analysis, and the verification set was used to verify the predictive effects. Results: A total of 30 658 patients (55.26%, 30 658/55 477) completed the follow-up, the median follow-up time was 3.7 years. Among the 24 985 women without UI at baseline, 1 757 (7.03%, 1 757/24 985) had UI at followed up, including 1 117 (4.47%, 1 117/24 985) with stress UI, 243 (0.97%, 243/24 985) with urgency UI and 397 (1.59%, 397/24 985) with mixed UI. When fixed the number of features as 2 and the number of random trees as 300 in the random forest model, the out of bag error rate estimation was the lowest; with such parameter settings, the classification accuracy was 64.3%, the sensitivity was 64.2%, and the specificity was 64.4%. The top10 predictive UI factors that screening by the variable importance measure in random forest model were obtained as follows: age, parity, delivery pattern, body mass index (BMI), menopause, history of diabetes, education level, history of pelvic surgery, regions, and marital status. Conclusion: We identified the top10 predictive UI factors that screening by the variable importance in random forest model as follows: age, parity, delivery pattern, BMI, menopause, history of diabetes, education level, history of pelvic surgery, regions, and marital status.


Assuntos
Incontinência Urinária por Estresse , Incontinência Urinária , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Incontinência Urinária/epidemiologia , Incontinência Urinária/etiologia , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/epidemiologia , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/etiologia
4.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(7): 583-590, 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455746

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the clinical and pathological features of intravascular NK and T cell lymphoma for better understanding of such disease to reduce misdiagnosis and miss-diagnosis. Methods: Clinical and pathological features were analyzed retrospectively in one case of intravascular peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (IVPTCL, NOS) , with literatures review. Results: The case presented in this study was a 66-year-old man. PET/CT scan showed multiple lymph nodes enlargement throughout the body. Normal lymph node structure could not be observed by tissue biopsy, while lymph follicles were partially disrupted. High-power light microscope revealed a large number of blood vessels with diffuse proliferation and dilation, where atypical lymphoid cell mass was restricted in the lumen and partially infiltrated the large blood vessel wall. These tumor cells were medium to large with moderate cytoplasm. The nucleus was irregular, single or multiple nucleoli could be seen, chromatin was condensed, some were empty and bright, and mitotic figures could be seen. Immunohistochemical staining showed that the neoplastic cells were positive for expression of CD3, CD43, CD8, GrB, TIA-1 and perforin. EBER in situ hybridization result was negative. Polymerase chain reaction test identified a clonal gene rearrangement of T-cell receptor γ. The patient was treated with CHOP in combination with chidamide, but died of infection and cardiopulmonary failure within 2 months. 56 cases of intravascular NK/T cell lymphoma with definite classification were collected from relevant literatures, including 47 cases with nasal type of extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma (27 were male and 20 were female) , 8 cases with anaplastic large cell lymphoma (3 males and 5 females) , and only one case with de nova IVPTCL, NOS in brain. We report the second case of IVPTCL,NOS, and notably originated from lymph node for the first time. Conclusions: Intravascular NK/T cell lymphoma is a highly aggressive disease with no effective treatment at present. Involvement of Lymph node has rarely been reported, and further studies on more cases are necessary.


Assuntos
Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK , Linfoma de Células T Periférico , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização In Situ , Masculino , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
J Physiol Pharmacol ; 72(1)2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34272348

RESUMO

To explore the protective effects of L-carnitine on erectile function and reproductive function in rats with diabetes. A total of 60 male diabetes mellitus induced-erectile dysfunction (DMED) rats were randomly divided into three groups, 20 rats in each group. The blank group was fed normally, the control group was fed with 0.9% sodium chloride solution 5 ml/kg/day, and the experimental group was given L-carnitine 300 mg/kg/day. After six weeks, the Corpus cavernosum penis pressure (ICP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) were measured. The sperm of epididymis were taken to detect the parameters of sperm. After six weeks of treatment, ICP and MAP in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group and blank group (p < 0.05), and sperm density and PR in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group and the blank group (p < 0.05). Superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group and blank group (p < 0.05). Malondialdehyde (MDA) in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group and blank group (p < 0.05). The follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and testosterone in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group and blank group (p < 0.05). We conclude that L-carnitine can significantly improve erectile function and reproductive function in rats with diabetes and it has great potential in the treatment of systemic organ damage in DMED rats.

6.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(6): 555-561, 2021 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34139831

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the methods and effects of high-frequency color Doppler ultrasound assisted reverse island flap of dorsal digital artery of ulnar thumb for repairing skin and soft tissue defects in the distal end of the same finger. Methods: The retrospective cohort study method was applied. From March 2014 to January 2020, 43 patients with skin and soft tissue defects in the distal end of thumb were hospitalized in the Department of Hand and Foot Surgery of Yidu Central Hospital of Weifang, including 28 males and 15 females, aged 19-58 years. The time from injury to operation was 4 to 10 hours, and the area of wound defect was 1.5 cm×1.0 cm-5.0 cm×3.0 cm. The type and course of dorsal digital artery of ulnar thumb were detected by high-frequency color Doppler ultrasound before operation, based on which the reverse transfer of the island flap of dorsal digital artery of ulnar thumb was designed to repair the skin and soft tissue defects in the distal end of the same finger. The patients with absence of the dorsal digital artery of ulnar thumb were repaired by the greater fish reverse island flap pedicled with the radial palmar artery. The area of the flap was 2.0 cm×1.5 cm-5.5 cm×3.5 cm. The donor site wound was directly closed by suturing or covered with split-thickness skin graft from the inner side of the upper arm in the same arm. The status of dorsal digital artery of ulnar thumb detected by high frequency color Doppler ultrasound before operation was recorded. The type, course, and distribution of the dorsal digital artery of ulnar thumb detected before operation were compared with those observed during the operation. The survival of the flap was observed after operation. During the last follow-up, the appearance of the donor and recipient area of flaps was observed, the thumb function was evaluated with trial standard for the evaluation of the functions of the upper limbs of the Hand Surgery Society of the Chinese Medical Association, and the sensory function of the area transplanted with flap was evaluated with the sensory function evaluation standard. Results: The results of high-frequency color Doppler ultrasound showed that the dorsal digital artery of ulnar thumb was absent in 2 patients, while 41 patients had the dorsal digital artery of ulnar thumb, among which 20 cases were type 1 that started from the first dorsal metacarpal artery and ran on the surface of the first interosseous dorsal muscle; 16 cases were type 2 that started from the deep branch of the radial artery or the main artery of thumb and ran in the deep surface of the first interosseous dorsal muscle, including 10 cases of type 2a with the starting point in the basal region of the first metacarpal bone and 6 cases of type 2b with the starting point in the first metacarpal bone region; 5 cases were type 3 that started from the confluence of the first dorsal metacarpal artery and the main thumb artery in the region of the first metacarpophalangeal joint. The outer diameter of the vessel at the beginning of the dorsal digital artery of ulnar thumb was (1.12±0.31) mm, and the outer diameter of the vessel at the beginning of the accompany vein was (0.63±0.21) mm. The dorsal digital artery of ulnar thumb was concentrated in the ulnar side of the first metacarpophalangeal joint and snuff box region. The type, course, and distribution range of the dorsal digital artery of ulnar thumb observed during the operation were consistent with the results detected by high-frequency color Doppler ultrasound before operation. After the operation, the flaps survived in 43 patients. The patients were followed up for 6 months to 1 year. During the last follow-up, only linear scars were left in the donor area; there were no obvious pigmentation in the area transplanted with reverse island flap of dorsal digital artery of ulnar thumb, with good texture and elasticity, and beautiful appearance; the thumb function was evaluated as excellent in 23 cases, good in 17 cases, and fair in 3 cases; the sensory function of the area transplanted with flap was evaluated as S4 level in 16 cases, S3 level in 22 cases, and S2 level in 5 cases. Conclusions: The reverse island flap of dorsal digital artery of ulnar thumb is one of the ideal methods to repair the skin and soft tissue defect in the distal end of the same finger, especially that beyond the distal interphalangeal joint. Preoperative detection with high-frequency color Doppler ultrasound can identify the type and distribution of dorsal digital artery of ulnar thumb, so as to design a personalized operation plan, resulting in good appearance of the donor and recipient area and thumb function after operation.


Assuntos
Traumatismos dos Dedos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles , Feminino , Traumatismos dos Dedos/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos dos Dedos/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante de Pele , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/cirurgia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Polegar/diagnóstico por imagem , Polegar/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Artéria Ulnar/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ulnar/cirurgia , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores
7.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34181232

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of microRNA-543 (miR-543) on the proliferation, migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells, and the associated mechanism. METHODS: Human breast cancer cells (MDA-MB-231, HCC1937, and MCF-7, ZR-75-1) and normal human breast epithelial cell line (MCF10A) were transfected with miR-543 mimics or inhibitor using lipofectamine 2000. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting were used to determine the mRNA and protein expression levels of miR-543, actin-like protein 6A (ACTL6A), vimentin, Snail, and E-cadherin in breast cancer cells/tissue. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), wound-healing, and Transwell assays were used to measure the effect of miR-543 on TNBC cell proliferation, invasion, and migration. Overall survival was determined using data from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) databases. Bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter gene assay were used to determine the regulatory effect of miR-543 on ACTL6A. RESULTS: The level of expression of miR-543 was significantly lower in breast cancer cells/tissue than in normal human breast epithelial cell/tissue (p < 0.05). MicroRNA-543 expression level was significantly reduced in TNBC cells/tissue, relative to the other breast cancer cells/normal breast tissue (p < 0.05). MicroRNA-543 significantly suppressed tumor growth and the proliferation, migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of TNBC cells, in mouse xenograft model (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: miR-543 influences the biological behavior of TNBC cells by directly targeting ACTL6A gene. miR-543 could serve as a novel diagnostic and therapeutic target for TNBC.

8.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34074078

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the research status of occupational health risk assessment in recent ten years. Methods: In April 2020, the literatures related to occupational health risk assessment published by CNKI and Web of Science core collection (WoSCC) databases from 2010 to 2019 were searched, and Excel 2016 software was used to organize the literature, CiteSpace 5.6.R2 software was used for visual analysis. Results: A total of 58 Chinese literatures and 407 English literatures were included. The authors of the high frequency posts were Zhang Meibian, and Alessandro Marinaccio, and the publishing institutions were mainly the National Institute for Occupational Health and Poison Control of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention and Finnish Institute Occupational Health. The Chinese journal with the most articles was Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases, and the English journal was Safety Science. Chinese high-frequency keywords mainly included risk assessment, occupational health, occupational exposure. English high-frequency keywords mainly included occupational health, risk, risk factor. The prominent words in Chinese literature were occupational health, coal dust, occupational hazards, occupational health and occupational disease hazards; Risk assessment, worker, exposure, heart disease, cardiovascular disease and so on were prominent words in English literature. Conclusion: The main research keywords in the field of occupational health risk assessment at home and abroad focus on occupational health and risk assessment, but the research direction and focus are slightly different.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Saúde do Trabalhador , China , Bases de Dados Factuais , Publicações , Medição de Risco
9.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 207: 106154, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Brain tumors are among the most deadly cancers worldwide. Due to the development of deep convolutional neural networks, many brain tumor segmentation methods help clinicians diagnose and operate. However, most of these methods insufficiently use multi-scale features, reducing their ability to extract brain tumors' features and details. To assist clinicians in the accurate automatic segmentation of brain tumors, we built a new deep learning network to make full use of multi-scale features for improving the performance of brain tumor segmentation. METHODS: We propose a novel cross-level connected U-shaped network (CLCU-Net) to connect different scales' features for fully utilizing multi-scale features. Besides, we propose a generic attention module (Segmented Attention Module, SAM) on the connections of different scale features for selectively aggregating features, which provides a more efficient connection of different scale features. Moreover, we employ deep supervision and spatial pyramid pooling (SSP) to improve the method's performance further. RESULTS: We evaluated our method on the BRATS 2018 dataset by five indexes and achieved excellent performance with a Dice Score of 88.5%, a Precision of 91.98%, a Recall of 85.62%, a Params of 36.34M and Inference Time of 8.89ms for the whole tumor, which outperformed six state-of-the-art methods. Moreover, the performed analysis of different attention modules' heatmaps proved that the attention module proposed in this study was more suitable for segmentation tasks than the other existing popular attention modules. CONCLUSION: Both the qualitative and quantitative experimental results indicate that our cross-level connected U-shaped network with selective feature aggregation attention module can achieve accurate brain tumor segmentation and is considered quite instrumental in clinical practice implementation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Atenção , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Redes Neurais de Computação
10.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(5): 429-436, 2021 May 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34044525

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the status and influencing factors of skin cleaning outside wound (hereinafter referred to as skin) in adult trauma patients. Methods: A multicenter cross-sectional investigation was conducted. From September 1 to 30, 2020, a total of 952 adult trauma patients who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to wound care clinics or trauma surgery wards of 13 military or local Grade Ⅲ Level A hospitals, including the General Hospital of the Eastern Theater Command of People's Liberation Army and the Army Medical Center, etc. A self-designed questionnaire on cleaning status of skin in trauma patients was released through the "questionnaire star" website to investigate basic information such as gender, age, education level, living status, and self-care ability, trauma information such as cause of injury, wound duration, trauma site, trauma depth, wound pain, wound peculiar smell, and wound cleaning solution, and skin cleaning status after injury such as whether to clean or not, cleaning method, cleaning frequency, cleaning duration in each time, or reasons for not cleaning. The patients who cleaned skin regularly after injury were included in cleaning group, and the other patients were included in no cleaning group. The basic information, trauma information, and skin cleaning status after injury of patients in 2 groups were investigated. Data were statistically analyzed with chi-square test, and binary multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed on indicators with statistically significant differences between the two groups to screen the independent influencing factors of skin cleaning in trauma patients. Results: A total of 952 questionnaires were received, and the recovery rate was 100%. Three invalid questionnaires were eliminated, and 949 valid questionnaires were obtained, with an effective rate of 99.68%. In 949 patients, there were 461 (48.6%) males and 488 (51.4%) females, aged 18-100 (50±18) years. Most patients were less than 60 years old, lived with their families, and could take care of themselves completely. Nearly half of the patients were with junior high school or below education level. The main causes of injury were sharp cutting injury and falling injury, the wound duration was 2-365 days, most of the injured parts were limbs and trunk, the wound depth was mostly full-thickness injury, and most patients had wound-related pain and no peculiar smell and used 5 g/L iodophor to clean the wound. Totally 684 (72.1%) patients cleaned their skin after injury, mainly by scrubbing with warm water, the cleaning frequency was mainly once or twice a week, and the cleaning time was mainly 10 or 15 min for each time. Totally 265 (27.9%) patients didn't clean their skin after injury, and the main causes for not cleaning were following the doctor's advice, followed by worrying about wound infection and loss of self-care ability. There were significantly statistical differences in constituent ratios of education level, self-care ability, cause of injury, wound pain, and wound peculiar smell of patients in 2 groups (χ2=12.365, 24.519, 22.820, 9.572, 92.342, P<0.01). Education level, self-care ability, cause of injury, wound pain, and wound peculiar smell were potential influencing factors of skin cleaning in patients. Binary multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that self-care ability, wound pain, and wound peculiar smell were independent influencing factors of skin cleaning in patients (odds ratio=1.51, 0.52, 3.72, 95% confidence interval=1.08-2.12, 0.42-0.89, 2.66-5.22, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusions: Self-care ability, wound pain, and wound peculiar smell are independent influencing factors of skin cleaning in adult trauma patients.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Cicatrização
11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(19): 1421-1426, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034371

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the incidence, risk factors and prognosis of post-contrast acute kidney injury (PC-AKI) and to evaluate the usefulness of serum cystatin C (sCysC) and serum creatinine (sCr) for the prediction of PC-AKI after endovascular interventions. Methods: The clinical data of 404 patients who underwent endovascular procedures from August 2014 to October 2018 in the Sixth People's Hospital South Campus, Shanghai Jiao Tong University were retrospectively analyzed. All patients received 0.9% sodium chloride through an angiographic catheter during the procedure. Patients with an estimated GFR (eGFR)<60 ml/(min·1.73m2) received a continuous intravenous hydration with isotonic saline from 6 hours before to 12 hours after an endovascular procedure. The level of sCr, eGFR and sCysC were measured at 1-2 days pre-procedure and at 48, 72 h, and 7 days post-procedure. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify risk factors of PC-AKI. A receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the usefulness of various factors for the prediction of PC-AKI. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. Results: Thirteen patients (3.2%) developed PC-AKI. All patients were divided into PC-AKI group and no PC-AKI group for statistical comparison. Wilcoxon signed rank sum test revealed that sCr levels at 7 days post-procedure [63.0 (56.0, 74.0) µmol/L] were significantly lower than pre-procedure sCr levels [65.6 (56.2, 77.0) µmol/L] in patients without PC-AKI (P<0.05). Meanwhile, eGFR levels were significantly higher at 72 h [114.9 (96.3, 135.0) ml/(min·1.73m2)] and 7 days [116.7 (98.5, 139.9) ml/(min·1.73m2)] post-procedure than eGFR levels before endovascular procedures [112.3 (94.1, 133.5) ml/(min·1.73m2)] in patients without PC-AKI (P<0.05). However, there was an increase in sCysC at 48 h [0.9 (0.8, 1.1) mg/L] after endovascular procedures than pre-operative sCysC [0.9 (0.8, 1.1) mg/L] in patients without PC-AKI (P<0.05). SCr, sCysC, levels were significantly increased at 48 h [108.0 (95.3, 125.0) µmol/L, 1.5 (1.2, 2.0) mg/L] and 72 h [123.4 (91.3, 143.0) µmol/L, 1.6 (1.1, 2.0) mg/L] post-procedure than SCr, sCysC, levels before endovascular procedures [81.6 (63.1, 111.0) µmol/L, 1.1 (1.0,1.7) mg/L] and eGFR levels were significantly decreased at 48 h [55.8 (48.9, 77.6) ml/(min·1.73m2)] and 72 h [52.7 (47.7, 63.9) ml/(min·1.73m2)] after endovascular procedures than eGFR levels before exposure to CM [88.8 (65.6, 100.7) ml/(min·1.73m2)] in patients with PC-AKI (P<0.05). SCr, sCysC and eGFR in PC-AKI group tended to levels before an endovascular procedure within 7 days. The receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC) analysis showed that preoperative sCysC and sCr levels had high discriminatory power for evaluating the risk of PC-AKI after an endovascular procedure. ROC analysis showed that sCysC before endovascular procedures was useful to predict the risk of PC-AKI with a satisfactory sensitivity of 69.2% (9/13), specificity of 77.5% (300/387), positive predictive value (PPV) of 9.3% (9/96) and negative predictive value (NPV) of 98.7% (300/304). The incidence of PC-AKI was low in patients with a pre-procedure sCysC<1.09 mg/L. The sCr was predictive of PC-AKI with a satisfactory sensitivity of 69.2% (9/13), specificity of 76.7% (300/391), PPV of 9.0% (9/100) and NPV of 98.7% (300/304). The incidence of PC-AKI was low in patients with a pre-procedure sCr<77.6 µmol/L. Results of univariate analysis and multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that sCysC before endovascular procedures was an risk factor for PC-AKI (OR=13.917, 95%CI:1.666-116.237, P=0.015). The one-year, three-year and five-year survival rate for patients diagnosed with PC-AKI was 50%, 30% and 30% respectively. The median survival time was 6 (0-26) months. Conclusions: The sCysC before endovascular procedures is an independent risk factor of PC-AKI. SCysC and SCr before an endovascular procedure with a cut-off value of 1.09 mg/L and 77.6 µmol/L may help to rule out patients at lower risk of PC-AKI.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Biomarcadores , China , Creatinina , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 16(1): 282, 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33906695

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis of the knee is a common degenerative joint disorder in our ageing population. A combination of thermal therapy with a self-management exercise have shown a positive effect in the management of osteoarthritis of the knee. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of topical heat pack versus focal application of heat therapy at the acupressure points in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in 76 patients with osteoarthritis of the knee, diagnosed by an experienced orthopedic surgeon. Following inclusion and exclusion selection, patients were randomly allocated to group 1 (Heat pack) or group 2 (Thermal gun). All patients received 30 min of treatment in each session, twice a week for 4 weeks. They also received an education program and taught home knee exercises. Outcome measurements were the visual analog scale (VAS) for pain intensity, muscle power, knee ROM, WOMAC and SF-12v2. RESULTS: In the Thermal gun group, function and total scores (WOMAC) and Physical Composite Scale (SF-12v2) were significantly improved after 8 sessions. Quadriceps strength was significantly improved after 8 weeks (from 4.42 to 4.63; p = 0.02). In the Heat pack group, flexion was significantly improved after 8 sessions (p = 0.02). Mean VAS scores after Heat pack treatment was consistently better (lower) than mean VAS scores after Thermal gun treatment. CONCLUSION: The combination of focal thermal therapy at acupressure points is a viable conservative treatment in osteoarthritis of the knee. The pressure at the acupressure points has a synergistic benefit than topical thermal therapy alone. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov , NCT04735029 Date of registration: February 2, 2021 (Retrospectively registered).

13.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; 40(9): 1485-1495, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33729028

RESUMO

Myocardial ischemia is the main reason for ischemic heart diseases. Antioxidant treatment is considered as a possible approach to prevent myocardial ischemia injury, because oxidative stress is a key factor triggering it. This study was to investigate the protective effects of 3,5-dimethoxy-4-hydroxy myricanol (DHM) against oxidative stress-induced cytotoxicity on H9c2 cells and further explore its mechanisms. The oxidative stress and inflammatory response markers were detected by H2DCFDA fluorescent measurement, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), real-time PCR and Western blot. Results showed DHM exerted inhibitory effects against H9c2 cell damage. Furthermore, DHM decreased oxidative stress in H9c2 cells through up-regulating protein expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2). Moreover, DHM inhibited inflammatory responses through down-regulating the protein expression of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB). DHM exerted protective activities against oxidative stress-induced cell damage, at least through decreasing oxidative stress and inhibiting inflammatory responses, indicating that DHM have the potential to be developed as therapeutic agents for the treatment of myocardial ischemia.

14.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; 40(9): 1584-1597, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33764184

RESUMO

Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is one of the major complications of diabetes that causes mortality and morbidity in diabetic patients. Gastrodin (GSTD) is a bioactive phenolic glucoside component of an ancient Chinese herb Tianma (Gastrodia elata Bl.), which is widely used for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases by ancient Chinese. Up to now, whether GSTD has a beneficial effect on DCM is unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effect of GSTD on high glucose-induced injury in H9c2 rat cardiomyocytes and HL-1 mouse cardiomyocytes, and its underlying mechanisms. High glucose (33 mM) treatment caused cardiomyocyte toxicity, oxidative stress and apoptosis in both H9c2 and HL-1 cells. Under both normal (5.5 mM glucose) and high glucose conditions, GSTD showed protective effect against high glucose-induced cytotoxicity and promoted the nuclear translocation of Nrf2 in a concentration and time-dependent manner in H9c2 and HL-1 cells. Knockdown of Nrf2 expression using siRNA specifically targeting Nrf2 attenuated the protective effect of GSTD. Furthermore, GSTD promoted the nuclear translocation of Nrf2 via activating glycogen synthase kinse-3ß (GSK-3ß) signaling pathway. 4-benzyl, 2-methyl, 1, 2, 4-thiadiazolidine, 3, 5 dione (TDZD-8), an inhibitor of GSK-3ß, inhibited the nuclear translocation of Nrf2 induced by GSTD, and attenuated the protective effect of GSTD as Nrf2 knockdown did. In summary, GSTD could protect against high glucose-induced cardiomyocyte toxicity via GSK-3ß-mediated nuclear translocation of Nrf2.

15.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(1): 91-98, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33780192

RESUMO

Abstract: The paternal inheritance characteristics of Y chromosome have been widely used in the forensic genetics field to detect the genetic markers in the non-recombining block, and used in the studies such as, genetic relationship identification, mixed stain detection, pedigree screen and ethnicity determination. At present, capillary electrophoresis is still the most common detection technology. The commercial detection kits and data analysis and processing system based on this technology are very mature. However, the disadvantages of traditional detection technology have gradually appeared with the rapid growth of bio-information amount, which promotes the renewal of forensic DNA typing technology. In recent years, next generation sequencing (NGS) technology has developed rapidly. This technology has been applied to various fields including forensic genetics and has provided new techniques for the detection of Y chromosome genetic markers. This article describes the current situation and application prospects of the NGS technology in forensic Y chromosome genetic markers detection in order to provide new ideas for future judicial practice.


Assuntos
Genética Forense , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Cromossomos Humanos Y/genética , Impressões Digitais de DNA , Marcadores Genéticos , Humanos , Repetições de Microssatélites , Tecnologia , Cromossomo Y
16.
Future Oncol ; 17(3): 301-313, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32996773

RESUMO

Screening and therapeutic programs for colorectal cancer (CRC) are invasive or not effective and unable to meet patient needs. Major advances in immunogenomics may change this status but need more exploration. Differentially expressed genes and immune-related genes (IRGs) were identified by computational methods. A prognostic model was established and validated based on survival-related IRGs via stepwise multivariate Cox regression analysis. Nine IRGs were selected and identified as survival-related genes. A 7-gene prognostic model could offer a preliminary and valid determination of risk in CRC patients. The area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic was 0.672. The 7-gene prognostic model might be used as a novel prognostic tool in CRC patients.

17.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(2): 144-148, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378807

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the correlations of C-reactive protein (CRP)/albumin ratio (CAR) with the postoperative complications of patients with colorectal cancer. Methods: The clinic data of 312 patients undergoing elective surgery for colorectal cancer in Hainan Hospital of People's Liberation Army General Hospital between January 2013 and July 2018 was analyzed retrospectively. There were 188 males and 124 females, aged (61.0±12.9) years (range: 21 to 86 years). Logistic analysis was used to identify relative factors for postoperative complications. Receiver operating characteristic curves were developed to examine the cutoff values and compare diagnostic accuracy of the CAR and CRP levels. Results: Postoperative complications occured in 28.5% (89/312) cases. Hemoglobin on postoperative day(POD) 3 (OR=0.977, 95% CI: 0.957 to 0.998, P=0.034), preoperative CRP (OR=1.209, 95% CI: 1.055 to 1.386, P=0.006) and CAR on POD 3 (OR=0.033, 95% CI: 0.016 to 0.067, P<0.01) were found to be significant independent relative factors for postoperative complications. The cutoff point of CAR on POD 3 was 0.325, patients with CAR≥0.325 were found to have more postoperative complications than those with CAR<0.325. The area under the curve of CAR on POD 3 and preoperative CRP were 0.872, 0.626, respectively. The positive predictive value of CAR on POD 3 was higher than that of preoperative CRP (79.9% vs. 55.1%). Conclusions: CAR is closely related to the occurrence of postoperative complications in colorectal surgery. Patients with CAR≥0.325 on POD 3 has higher incidence of postoperative complications.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Neoplasias Colorretais , Cirurgia Colorretal , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Albumina Sérica Humana/análise , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Cirurgia Colorretal/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
18.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(11): 1261-1267, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147927

RESUMO

Objective: To develop a lung cancer risk prediction model for female non-smokers. Methods: Based on the Kailuan prospective dynamic cohort (2006.05-2015.12), a nested case-control study was conducted. Participants diagnosed with primary pathologically confirmed lung cancer during follow-up were identified as the case group, and others were identified as the control group. A total of 24 701 subjects were included in the study, including 86 lung cancer cases and 24 615 control population, respectively. Questionnaires, physical examinations, and laboratory tests were conducted to collect relevant information. Multivariable-adjusted logistic regressions were conducted to develop a lung cancer risk prediction model. Area Under the Curve (AUC) and Hosmer-Lemeshow tests were used to evaluate discrimination and calibration, respectively. Ten-fold cross-validation was used for internal validation. Results: Two sets of models were developed: the simple model (including age and monthly income) and the metabolic index model [including age, monthly income, fasting blood glucose (FBG), total cholesterol (TC) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C)].The AUC (95%CI) [0.745 (0.719-0.771)] of the metabolic index model was higher than that of the simple prediction model [0.688 (0.660-0.716)] (P=0.004). Both the simple model (PHL=0.287) and the metabolic index model (PHL=0.134) were well-calibrated. The results of ten-fold cross-validation indicated sufficient stability, with an average AUC of 0.699 and a standard error (SD) of 0.010. Conclusion: By incorporating metabolic markers, accurate and reliable lung cancer risk prediction model for female non smokers could be developed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , não Fumantes , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
19.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(43): 3397-3401, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33238668

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association of age-related white matter hyperintensity (WMH) with brain atrophy and cognitive impairment in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods: Consecutive samples of a prospective PD cohort with complete 3-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging in the Department of Movement Disorders in Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, from October 2018 to August 2019 was retrospectively analyzed. Cognition was evaluated by Mini-Mental State Scale (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). The severity of WMH was semi-quantitatively measured by Fazekas scale (0-6 points), and the mean cortical thickness and thalamus volume were calculated by FreeSurfer software. The demographic and disease characteristics, the severity of WMH, the mean cortical thickness and thalamus volume were respectively compared between PD patients with and without dementia. Moreover, univariate and multivariate generalized linear models were used to analyze the correlation of the severity of WMH with brain atrophy and MoCA. Results: A total of 225 patients with PD were included in the study, with a median age of 66 years old. Comparisons between groups suggested that patients with dementia were with severer WMH, older, and had lower levels of serum cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein and more reduced mean cortical thickness than those without dementia (all P<0.05), but no significant difference in the thalamus volume was found between the two groups. The generalized linear model showed that the cognitive impairment of PD patients was significantly correlated with WMH (ß=-0.021, 95%CI:-0.040--0.002, P=0.032), but independent of age, cortical thickness, and levels of serum cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein. Conclusion: WMH may worsen PD cognitive impairment independent of brain atrophy. Clinical prevention and treatment of cerebral small vessel disease may have protective effects on cognitive function in patients with PD.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Doença de Parkinson , Substância Branca , Idoso , Atrofia/patologia , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/patologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/patologia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Doença de Parkinson/patologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Substância Branca/patologia
20.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(9): 784-790, 2020 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894913

RESUMO

Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of interventional bronchoscopy for the treatment of scarring airway stenosis and to analyze the influencing factors related to the success rate. Methods: Between January 2013 to December 2016, 301 patients with scarring airway stenosis treated by interventional bronchoscopy in 18 tertiary hospitals were reviewed retrospectively. The methods of interventional bronchoscopy included electric knife cutting, laser cauterization, balloon dilation, cryotherapy, local drug usage and/or stenting. Airway stenosis characteristics and patients' performance status at baseline and after interventional bronchoscopy were recorded. The interval days between the first two interventional bronchoscopy treatment (maintained patency time) and the final treatment efficacy were recorded. Results: The clinical stability rate of interventional bronchoscopy for the treatment of scarring tracheal stenosis was 67.8% (204/301) . Stenosis sites (OR 1.548; 95% CI: 1.038-2.307, P=0.032) , dyspnea index (OR 2.140; 95% CI: 1.604-2.855, P<0.001) , and interventional method (OR 0.458; 95% CI: 0.267-0.787, P=0.005) were independent predictors associated with the efficacy of interventional bronchoscopy treatment. Stenosis sites (OR 1.508; 95% CI: 1.273-1.787, P<0.001) , stenosis grade (OR 1.581; 95% CI: 1.029-2.067, P=0.001) , anesthesia method (OR 1.581; 95% CI: 1.029-2.067, P<0.001) , and local drug usage (OR 1.304; 95% CI: 1.135-1.497, P<0.001) were independent predictors associated with the maintained patency time after first interventional bronchoscopy treatment. Conclusion: Interventional bronchoscopy is a useful treatment method for scarring airway stenosis. Enough attention should be paid to influencing factors in order to improve treatment efficacy during the treatment process.


Assuntos
Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias , Broncoscopia , China , Cicatriz , Constrição Patológica , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...