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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 605: 223-230, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34329975

RESUMO

The unstable electrode/electrolyte interface of the lithium metal anode is one of the reasons that induce the formation of lithium (Li) dendrites. The Li dendrites will reduce the coulombic efficiency, and even pierce the separator to cause the safety problems. Herein, a tightly bonded and uniformly distributed Cu6Sn5 interface layer is formed on the surface of the Cu foam by a simple electroless plating method. The composite layer has multiple functions, such as high lithiophilicity, high carrier transport and high adaptability to mechanical strain. Based on the versatility of the Cu6Sn5 interface layer, the cycle life of Cu foam is increased from 150 h to 1000 h, and the deposition overpotential is as low as 18 mV. In-situ online observation proves that the existence of composite layer can make Li metal uniformly deposited to avoid the dendrites. Furthermore, Cu6Sn5@Cu foam also shows a higher capacity retention rate (increased from 65.2% to 78.6% after 300 cycles) and a more stable rate performance when it is used in full batteries. Compared with the single function improvement strategy proposed by the current lithium metal anode research. The Cu6Sn5 multifunctional composite layer modification method in this work provides a new strategy for constructing a stable electrode/electrolyte interface.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34821064

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic jet lag (CJL)-induced circadian rhythm disruption (CRD) is positively correlated with an increased risk of allergic diseases. However, little is known about the mechanism involved in allergic rhinitis (AR). METHODS: Aberrant light/dark cycles-induced CRD mice were randomly divided into negative control (NC) group, AR group, CRD+NC group, and CRD+AR group (n = 8/group). After ovalbumin (OVA) challenge, nasal symptom scores were recorded. The expression of Occludin and ZO-1 in both nasal mucosa and lung tissues was detected by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemical staining. The level of OVA-specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) and T-helper (Th)-related cytokines in the plasma was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the proportion of Th1, Th2, Th17, and regulatory T cell (Treg) in splenocytes was evaluated by flow cytometry. RESULTS: The nasal symptom score in the CRD+AR group was significantly higher than those in the AR group with respect to eosinophil infiltration, mast cell degranulation, and goblet cell hyperplasia. The expression of ZO-1 and Occludin in the nasal mucosa and lung tissues in the CRD+AR group were significantly lower than those in the AR group. Furthermore, Th2 and Th17 cell counts from splenocytes and OVA-sIgE, interleukin 4 (IL-4), IL-6, IL-13, and IL-17A levels in plasma were significantly increased in the CRD+AR group than in the AR group, whereas Th1 and Treg cell count and interferon γ (IFN-γ) level were significantly decreased in the CRD+AR group. CONCLUSION: CRD experimentally mimicked CJL in human activities, could exacerbate local and systemic allergic reactions in AR mice, partially through decreasing Occludin and ZO-1 level in the respiratory mucosa and increasing Th2-like immune response in splenocytes.

3.
J Adv Nurs ; 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34812513

RESUMO

AIM: The present study aims to explore the research hot spots, development trends and knowledge structure of dignity in the nursing field. DESIGN: Quantitative and co-word biclustering analysis were used. METHODS: Articles on dignity care published from 01 Jan 2011 to 31 Dec 2020, were retrieved from PubMed. The extracted Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms were quantitatively analysed using Bibliographic Item Co-occurrence Matrix Builder software. To determine the hot spots, a biclustering analysis was completed using gCluto1.0 software. A strategic diagram and a social network analysis (SNA) were used to reveal trends in the theme and knowledge structure. RESULTS: In the parameters of the retrieval strategy, a total of 1977 papers were included in the present study. Amongst all the extracted MeSH terms, 27 high-frequency MeSH terms were identified, and the hot spots were grouped into five categories. These were namely dignity in: (1) dementia care, (2) palliative care, (3) older people care, (4) healthcare and (5) clinical nursing. In the strategic diagram, the study of dignity in clinical nursing was active and should become an emerging field of research in the near future. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the co-word biclustering of dignity care over the past 10 years, five hot spots were identified, and it was predicted that research on dignity in clinical nursing would be the main trend in future studies. Amongst the five themes it was interesting to note that dignity in dementia and palliative care are core priorities to which scholars should pay more attention. IMPACT: In recent years, dignity-conserving care has been highly valued, however, there are few relevant bibliometric articles that can be referenced on this topic. The present study was considered to offer novel insights into research on dignity in nursing and could be a reliable reference point for researchers when launching new projects.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787994

RESUMO

In this work, MXene Ti3C2Tx-derived nitrogen-functionalized heterophase TiO2 homojunctions (N-MXene) were prepared via the urea-involved solvothermal treatment with varying reaction time as the sensing layer to detect trace NH3 gas at room temperature (20 °C). Compared with no signal for the pristine MXene counterpart, the 18 h-treated sensors (N-MXene-18) achieved a detection limit of 200 ppb with an inspiring response that was 7.3% better than the existing MXene-involved reports thus far. Also, decent repeatability, stability, and selectivity were demonstrated. It is noteworthy that the N-MXene-18 sensors delivered a stronger response, more sufficient recovery, and quicker response/recovery speeds under a humid environment than those under dry conditions, proving the significance of humidity. Furthermore, to suppress the effect of the fluctuation of humidity on NH3 sensing during the tests, a commercial waterproof polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) membrane was anchored onto the sensing layer, eventually bringing about humidity-independent features. Both nitrogen doping and TiO2 homojunctions constituted by mixed anatase and rutile phases were primarily responsible for the performance improvement with respect to pristine MXene. This work showcases the enormous potential of N-MXene materials in trace NH3 detection and offers an alternative strategy to realize both heteroatom doping and partial oxidation of MXene that is applicable in future optoelectronic devices.

5.
Eur Radiol ; 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34716476

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the diagnostic value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) enhancement patterns for differentiating solid pancreatic lesions and compare them with conventional ultrasound (US) and enhanced computed tomography (CT). METHODS: A total of 210 patients with solid pancreatic lesions who had definite pathological or clinical diagnoses were enrolled. Six CEUS enhancement patterns were proposed for solid pancreatic lesions. Two US doctors blindly observed the CEUS patterns of solid pancreatic lesions and the interrater agreement was analyzed. The diagnostic value of CEUS enhancement patterns for differentiating solid pancreatic lesions was evaluated, and the diagnostic accuracy was compared with that of US and enhanced CT. RESULTS: There was good concordance for six CEUS enhancement patterns of solid pancreatic lesions between the two doctors, with a kappa value of 0.767. Hypo-enhancement (Hypo-E) or centripetal enhancement (Centri-E) as the diagnostic criteria for pancreatic carcinoma had an accuracy of 87.62%; hyper-enhancement (Hyper-E) for neuroendocrine tumors had an accuracy of 92.89%; capsular enhancement with low or uneven enhancement inside the tumor (Capsular-E) for solid pseudopapillary tumors had an accuracy of 97.63%; and iso-enhancement (Iso-E) or iso-enhancement with focal hypo-enhancement (Iso-fhypo-E) for focal pancreatitis had an accuracy of 89.10%. The diagnostic accuracy of CEUS was significantly different from that of US for 210 cases of solid pancreatic lesions (p < 0.05) and was not significantly different from that of enhanced CT for 146 cases of solid pancreatic lesions (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The different enhancement patterns of solid pancreatic lesions on CEUS were clinically valuable for differentiation. KEY POINTS: • Six CEUS enhancement (E) patterns, including Hyper-E, Iso-E, Iso-fhypo-E, Hypo-E, Centri-E, and Capsular-E, are proposed for the characterization of solid pancreatic lesions. • Using Hypo-E or Centri-E as the diagnostic criteria for pancreatic carcinoma, Hyper-E for neuroendocrine tumors, Capsular-E for solid pseudopapillary tumors, and Iso-E or Iso-fhypo-E for focal pancreatitis on CEUS had relatively high diagnostic accuracy. • The diagnostic accuracy of CEUS was greatly increased over that of US and was not different from that of enhanced CT.

6.
Org Lett ; 23(21): 8296-8301, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34664970

RESUMO

A dioxygen-triggered oxosulfonylation/sulfonylation of unactivated olefins to achieve ß-keto sulfones/sulfones has been developed. Interestingly, pluralistic mechanisms were found when different types of compounds were applied as substrates, and different products were achieved. The reaction is carried out with a high atomic efficiency in the absence of a metal and a catalyst at room temperature under an air atmosphere. Importantly, as a proof-of-concept, a bioactive molecule was synthesized on a gram-scale level using this method.

7.
Nanotechnology ; 33(6)2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34706350

RESUMO

The irrational NH3emission routinely poses a significant threat to human health and environmental protection even at low dose. In addition, high miniaturization and low power-consumption has been the critical requirements of Internet of Things. To meet these demands, it is greatly pressing to develop a novel gas sensor with the capability to detect trace NH3without external heating or light-irradiation elements. In this work, the organic conducting conjugated polymer PEDOT:PSS was combined with inorganic nitrogen-doped transition metal carbides and nitrides (N-MXene Ti3C2Tx) for chemiresistive NH3sensing at room temperature (20oC). By means of the organic-inorganicn-pheterojunctions via the synergistic effect, the results show that the composite film sensor with the optimal mass ratio of 1:0.5 between N-MXene and PEDOT:PSS components delivered favorable NH3sensing performance than individual N-MXene or PEDOT:PSS counterparts in terms of higher response and quicker response/recovery speeds under 20oC@36%RH air. Besides, decent repeatability, stability and selectivity were demonstrated. The incorporated N atoms served as excellent electron donors to promote the electron-transfer reactions and augment the sorption sites. Simultaneously, partial oxidation of MXene brought about some TiO2nanoparticles which acted as spacers to widen the interlayer spacing and probably suppress the MXene restacking during the film deposition, thus favoring the gas diffusion/penetration within the sensing layer and then a quick reaction kinetic. The modulation of consequent build-in field within the heterojunctions was responsible for the reversible NH3sensing. In addition, pre-adsorbed water molecules facilitated to establish a swift adsorption/desorption balance. The proposed strategy expanded the application range of MXene based composite materials and enrich the current sensing mechanisms of NH3gas sensors.

8.
Neurosci Lett ; : 136300, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34695452

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a common neurodegenerative disease which is characterized by amyloid beta (Aß) accumulation. We found that glycoprotein NMB (GPNMB) was highly expressed in the brain of APP/PS1 mice, a mouse model of AD. However, its role in AD remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to explore the function of GPNMB in AD. The expression of GPNMB in the brain was detected by immunofluorescence and western blot. In addition, the role of GPNMB in AD was explored through gain-of-function. Autophagy, which is beneficial to Aß clearance, was evaluated by transmission electron microscope and immunofluorescence with beclin-1. Furthermore, 3-MA, an autophagy inhibitor, was employed to evidence whether GPNMB reduced the level of Aß through autophagy. We found that over-expression of GPNMB improved AD-like behaviors in APP/PS1 mice and reduced Aß deposition. Further study showed that GPNMB enhanced autophagy, reduced microglial cells and inhibited the activation of the mTOR signal. Additionally, treatment with 3-MA abolished the beneficial effect of GPNMB on Aß clearance. This study revealed that the high level of GPNMB in AD brain may help Aß clearance and improve AD-like behaviors through enhancing autophagy via suppressing the mTOR signal. This beneficial role of GPNMB provides us novel strategies for the prevention and treatment of AD.

9.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 193(Pt A): 173-182, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34687767

RESUMO

In order to explore the distribution, conformation and interaction of collagen on GO nanosheet surfaces, the mechanism of self-assembly of collagen was investigated in the presence of GO nanosheets. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) was employed to observe the conformation of self-assembled collagen fibrils on the GO nanosheets surfaces. The collagen concentration and incubation time mainly affect the size of the collagen fibrils while the pH of the dispersion determines the self-assembly sites of collagen fibrils on the GO nanosheets surfaces. This pH-dependent adsorption is attributed to the interfacial interactions between the tunable ionization of the collagen molecules and the amphiphilic GO nanosheets. Vacuum-assisted self-assembly technology confirmed that GO nanosheets can direct the self-assembly of collagen molecules and form nacre-like nanocomposites. The GO/collagen nanocomposite films combine the remarkable properties of GO nanosheets and collagen to form functional nanocomposites with well-ordered hierarchical structures. Further, strong interfacial interactions between GO nanosheets with collagen fibrils result in enhanced mechanical properties and biocompatibility of nanocomposite films, which is conducive to enhance the neuronal differentiation of SH-SY5Y cells. Overall, this work provides fresh insight into the interactions between GO and collagen, which is essential for the design and manufacture of bioinspired nanocomposites with tailored mechanical properties.

10.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(20)2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34695993

RESUMO

Pyramid architecture is a useful strategy to fuse multi-scale features in deep monocular depth estimation approaches. However, most pyramid networks fuse features only within the adjacent stages in a pyramid structure. To take full advantage of the pyramid structure, inspired by the success of DenseNet, this paper presents DCPNet, a densely connected pyramid network that fuses multi-scale features from multiple stages of the pyramid structure. DCPNet not only performs feature fusion between the adjacent stages, but also non-adjacent stages. To fuse these features, we design a simple and effective dense connection module (DCM). In addition, we offer a new consideration of the common upscale operation in our approach. We believe DCPNet offers a more efficient way to fuse features from multiple scales in a pyramid-like network. We perform extensive experiments using both outdoor and indoor benchmark datasets (i.e., the KITTI and the NYU Depth V2 datasets) and DCPNet achieves the state-of-the-art results.


Assuntos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador
11.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(16)2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34451273

RESUMO

Electroactive PVC gel is a new artificial muscle material with good performance that can mimic the movement of biological muscle in an electric field. However, traditional manufacturing methods, such as casting, prevent the broad application of this promising material because they cannot achieve the integration of the PVC gel electrode and core layer, and at the same time, it is difficult to create complex and diverse structures. In this study, a multi-material, integrated direct writing method is proposed to fabricate corrugated PVC gel artificial muscle. Inks with suitable rheological properties were developed for printing four functional layers, including core layers, electrode layers, sacrificial layers, and insulating layers, with different characteristics. The curing conditions of the printed CNT/SMP inks under different applied conditions were also discussed. The structural parameters were optimized to improve the actuating performance of the PVC gel artificial muscle. The corrugated PVC gel with a span of 1.6 mm had the best actuating performance. Finally, we printed three layers of corrugated PVC gel artificial muscle with good actuating performance. The proposed method can help to solve the inherent shortcomings of traditional manufacturing methods of PVC gel actuators. The printed structures have potential applications in many fields, such as soft robotics and flexible electronic devices.

12.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 36: 102472, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34348187

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) mediated by 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) is a minimally-invasive treatment for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). The present study was carried out to investigate the effect of 5-ALA-PDT on CIN2 and the factors influencing outcome of 5-ALA-PDT. METHODS: Patients diagnosed as CIN2 who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled in this study sequentially from January 2019 to April 2020. Patients were treated by PDT or cryotherapy according to their intentions. The primary endpoint was pathological regression. The secondary endpoint was HPV clearance. Affecting factors of the efficacy of PDT and adverse events were also assessed during treatment. RESULTS: A total of 210 patients were enrolled, including 97 patients in PDT group and 101 patients in cryotherapy group, with 12 patients excluded. There was no statistical difference in population characteristics. The pathological regression rate in PDT group was 92.0% (80/87), compared with 81.4% (79/97) in cryotherapy group (P < 0.05). The HPV clearance rate was 64.4% (56/87) in PDT group and 57.8% (56/97) in cryotherapy group (P = 0.36). The main side effects of PDT were abdominal pain (24.1%, 21/87) and increased vaginal secretions (23.0%, 20/87). On univariate analysis, the risk for lesions persisting at 6 months after PDT was increased by recurrent genital tract inflammation (P = 0.004), smoking or passive smoking (P = 0.020), and multicentric lesions (P = 0.020). CONCLUSION: PDT can be a safe and efficient treatment for CIN2. Risk factors for persisting HSIL after PDT include recurrent genital tract inflammation, smoking or passive smoking, and multicentric lesions.

13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(14): 3650-3659, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402289

RESUMO

Puerarin has the anti-Alzheimer's disease (AD) activity,which can reverse nerve injury induced by Aßand inhibit neuronal apoptosis.However,its potential pharmacodynamic mechanism still needs to be further researched.The occurrence and development of AD is due to the change of multiple metabolic links in the body,which leads to the destruction of balance.Puerarin may act on multiple targets and multiple metabolic processes to achieve therapeutic purposes.Quantitative proteomic analysis provides a new choice to understand the mechanism as completely as possible.This research adopted SH-SY5Y cells induced by Aß_(1-42)to establish AD cell model,and Aßimmunofluorescence detection showed that Aßdecreased significantly after puerarin intervention.The mechanism of puerarin reversing SH-SY5Y cell injured by Aß_(1-42)was further explored by using label-free non-labeled quantitative technology and Western blot detection based on bioinformatics analysis result.The results showed that most of the differential proteins were related to biological processes such as cellular component organization or biogenesis,cellular component organization and cellular component biogenesis,and they mainly participated in the top ten pathways of P value such as pathogenic Escherichia coli infection,m TOR signaling pathway,regulation of autophagy,regulation of actin cytoskeleton,spliceosome,hepatocellular carcinoma,tight junction,non-small cell lung cancer,apoptosis and gap junction.Annexin V/PI flow cytometry and TUNEL were used to detect apoptosis,and the results showed that Aßdecreased significantly and the rate of apoptosis decreased significantly after puerarin intervention.Western blot analysis found that the protein expression level of autophagy related protein LC3Ⅱwas up-regulated after Aßinduction,and the degree of this up-regulation was further enhanced in puerarin intervention group.The trend of the ratio of LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰamong groups was the same as the protein expression level of LC3Ⅱ,the protein expression level of p62 in the control group,AD model group and puerarin intervention group decreased successively.Protein interaction network analysis showed that CAP1 was correlated with TUBA1B,HSP90AB2P,DNM1L,TUBA1A and ERK1/2,and the correlation between CAP1 and ERK1/2 was the highest among them.Western blot showed that the expressions of p-ERK1/2,Bax and CAP1 were significantly down-regulated and the protein expression level of Bcl-2 was significantly up-regulated after puerarin intervention.Therefore,puerarin might improve the SH-SY5Y cells injured by Aß_(1-42)through the interaction of multiple biological processes and pathways in cells multiple locations,and CAP1 might play an important role among them.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Isoflavonas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Isoflavonas/farmacologia , Proteômica
14.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 674433, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34421938

RESUMO

Nitrogen (N) supplementation is essential to the yield and quality of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). The impact of N-deficiency on wheat at the seedling stage has been previously reported, but the impact of distinct N regimes applied at the seedling stage with continuous application on filling and maturing wheat grains is lesser known, despite the filling stage being critical for final grain yield and flour quality. Here, we compared phenotype characteristics such as grain yield, grain protein and sugar quality, plant growth, leaf photosynthesis of wheat under N-deficient and N-sufficient conditions imposed prior to sowing (120 kg/hm2) and in the jointing stage (120 kg/hm2), and then evaluated the effects of this continued stress through RNA-seq and GC-MS metabolomics profiling of grain at the mid-filling stage. The results showed that except for an increase in grain size and weight, and in the content of total sugar, starch, and fiber in bran fraction and white flour, the other metrics were all decreased under N-deficiency conditions. A total of 761 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and 77 differentially accumulated metabolites (DAMs) were identified. Under N-deficiency, 51 down-regulated DEGs were involved in the process of impeding chlorophyll synthesis, chloroplast development, light harvesting, and electron transfer functions of photosystem, which resulted in the SPAD and Pn value decreased by 32 and 15.2% compared with N-sufficiency, inhibited photosynthesis. Twenty-four DEGs implicated the inhibition of amino acids synthesis and protein transport, in agreement with a 17-42% reduction in ornithine, cysteine, aspartate, and tyrosine from metabolome, and an 18.6% reduction in grain protein content. However, 14 DEGs were implicated in promoting sugar accumulation in the cell wall and another six DEGs also enhanced cell wall synthesis, which significantly increased fiber content in the endosperm and likely contributed to increasing the thousands-grain weight (TGW). Moreover, RNA-seq profiling suggested that wheat grain can improve the capacity of DNA repair, iron uptake, disease and abiotic stress resistance, and oxidative stress scavenging through increasing the content levels of anthocyanin, flavonoid, GABA, galactose, and glucose under N-deficiency condition. This study identified candidate genes and metabolites related to low N adaption and tolerance that may provide new insights into a comprehensive understanding of the genotype-specific differences in performance under N-deficiency conditions.

15.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 8(13): 2004670, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34258156

RESUMO

The low delivery efficiency of nanoparticles to solid tumors greatly reduces the therapeutic efficacy and safety which is closely related to low permeability and poor distribution at tumor sites. In this work, an "intrinsic plus extrinsic superiority" administration strategy is proposed to dramatically enhance the mean delivery efficiency of nanoparticles in prostate cancer to 6.84% of injected dose, compared to 1.42% as the maximum in prostate cancer in the previously reported study. Specifically, the intrinsic superiority refers to the virus-mimic surface topology of the nanoparticles for enhanced nano-bio interactions. Meanwhile, the extrinsic stimuli of microbubble-assisted low-frequency ultrasound is to enhance permeability of biological barriers and improve intratumor distribution. The enhanced intratumor enrichment can be verified by photoacoustic resonance imaging, fluorescence imaging, and magnetic resonance imaging in this multifunctional nanoplatform, which also facilitates excellent anticancer effect of photothermal treatment, photodynamic treatment, and sonodynamic treatment via combined laser and ultrasound irradiation. This study confirms the significant advance in nanoparticle accumulation in multiple tumor models, which provides an innovative delivery paradigm to improve intratumor accumulation of nanotherapeutics.

16.
J Biophotonics ; 14(10): e202100099, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34241969

RESUMO

This study reports on the development and application of theragnostic agents targeting the HER2 receptors in breast tumors. The agent was constructed by loading silica-coated gold nanorods (GNRs) and a perfluorohexane liquid into PLGA-PEG nanoparticles, followed by surface conjugation with antibody Herceptin. The particle uptake in human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 (HER2-negative) and BT474 (HER2-positive) cell lines was tested. A proof of principle in vivo study was also performed using a xenograft mouse bilateral tumor model (16 mice, 32 tumors). Photoacoustic imaging was performed using a VevoLAZR device at 720/750/850 nm illuminations and 21 MHz central frequency. The relative concentrations of GNRs in the tumor were quantified using a linear spectral unmixing technique. The therapeutic efficacy of these nanoparticles was evaluated through optical droplet vaporization, and cell damage was confirmed using tissue immunofluorescence and histology. Our results demonstrate the potential of PLGA-GNRs as theragnostic agents for anti-HER2 breast cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Nanopartículas , Técnicas Fotoacústicas , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Humanos , Lasers , Camundongos , Volatilização
17.
Chemosphere ; 285: 131439, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34246932

RESUMO

A facile pyrolysis-quenching-reroasting process was developed to prepare a sludge-based biochar adsorbent, and its adsorption performance for Cr(VI) ions was investigated. The unquenched biochar (U-BC) and quenched biochar (Q-BC) were systematically compared and characterized. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) results showed that more carbon and oxygen functional groups such as -COOH and -OH were formed on the surface of Q-BC. These functional groups could be used as active sites during the adsorption process and help to improve the adsorption performance of the material. The results of Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis showed that the specific surface area of U-BC biochar was 523.36 m2/g, while the specific surface area of Q-BC biochar after quenching treatment increased to 785.3 m2/g. The adsorption performance of Q-BC biochar was studied, and the effects of pH, contact time and temperature on the adsorption performance of the material were explored. The pseudo-second-order model and Langmuir isotherm model indicated that the removal of Cr(VI) by Q-BC biochar material was a chemical adsorption-based adsorption process. At a temperature of 298 K and a pH of 1, the maximum Cr(VI) adsorption capacity of the quenched Q-BC biochar is as high as 291.54 mg/g, which was much higher than the maximum adsorption capacity of U-BC biochar (91.46 mg/g). This pyrolysis-quenching-reroasting process to prepare modified biochar provides a new, economical and effective way for the preparation of high-performance adsorption materials from municipal sludge.


Assuntos
Esgotos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Carvão Vegetal , Cromo/análise , Cinética , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
18.
J Adv Nurs ; 77(10): 4005-4016, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085728

RESUMO

AIMS: To explore nurses' psychological experiences after inpatient suicide. DESIGN: Qualitative studies were meta-synthesized. DATA SOURCES: Eight databases (PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, Embase, Wanfang Data, VIP database, CBM and CNKI) were searched for qualitative studies from each database's inception to 31 August 2020. REVIEW METHODS: Studies were critically appraised using the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) Critical Appraisal Checklist for Qualitative Research. Qualitative data were extracted, summarized, and meta-synthesized. RESULTS: Eleven studies were included, and five themes were identified: (a) emotional experience, (b) cognitive experience, (c) coping strategies, (d) self-reflection and (e) impact on self and practise. CONCLUSION: Nurses reported various negative emotions after inpatient suicide. Hospital administrators should recognize nurses' second victim psychological trauma. Moreover, they must develop theory-based education, training and psychological support programmes to promote nurses' mental health. Hospital patient safety management is also important to ensure patient safety whilst preventing nurses from becoming second victims. IMPACT: Understanding the psychological experiences of nurses who have undergone inpatient suicide will inform future research and practise. Nurses require psychological support after experiencing adverse events. Education and training are necessary to help nurses acquire suicide knowledge, understand the role of the second victim, better cope with adverse events and promote self-growth. Hospitals should strengthen the construction of a safety culture to ensure patient safety.


Assuntos
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Suicídio , Adaptação Psicológica , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Pesquisa Qualitativa
19.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 28(41): 57695-57705, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091839

RESUMO

Sewage sludge (SS) dewatering is a key step in sludge disposal, which plays an important role in reducing sludge volume, facilitating transportation and subsequent treatment. In this paper, a facile hydrothermal-alkaline treatment for SS was proposed, which can be used for sludge dewatering and humic acid (HA) recycling at the same time. Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to determine the optimal conditions, and a mathematical model was established to accurately predict the changes of sludge water content and the extraction rate of HA. Under the optimal conditions of 170 °C/42 min/0.05 (for hydrothermal temperature, hydrothermal time, and mass ratio of KOH to wet sludge, respectively), the water content decreased to 46.7% and the extraction rate of HA (with a purity of 96.2%) was 89.1%. The improvement of the dewatering performance effectively facilitates the subsequent disposal of the sludge. The hydrothermal-alkaline method not only realizes the efficient dehydration of the sludge, but also obtains HA from the sludge extract. The obtained HA has potential economic value in the fields of agriculture, biological medicine, environment, and the like.


Assuntos
Esgotos , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Substâncias Húmicas , Temperatura , Água
20.
Nanotechnology ; 32(39)2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34161928

RESUMO

TiO2is usually employed as a protective layer for Cu2O in photoelectrocatalytic CO2reduction. However, the role of TiO2layer on CO2reduction activity and selectivity is still elusive. In this work, a systematic investigation is carried out to probe the impact of the deposition parameters of TiO2overlayer, including the temperature and thickness, on CO2reduction performance. Compositional and (photo-)electrochemical analysis is performed to explore the property of TiO2overlayers. Carrier behavior, including donor density and electron energy, and stability of TiO2are demonstrated to be influenced by atomic layer deposition conditions and thus play a role in controlling CO2reduction reaction. Specifically, as the thickness of the TiO2layer increases from 2 to 50 nm, the electron energy tends to be lowered accompanying the electron transfer mode from tunneling for TiO2thin layers to type II for thick TiO2, leading to a decrease in CO2reduction selectivity. With an increase of the TiO2deposition temperature, the stability increases with a loss of conductivity. Cu2O coated with 2 nm TiO2at 150 °C is proven to be the optimized candidate in this work for photoelectrochemical reduction of CO2to CO, HCOOH and CH3COOH under an applied bias of -0.4 versus RHE.

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