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2.
J Affect Disord ; 298(Pt A): 421-430, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748823

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Age of onset may be an important feature associated with distinct subtypes of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The amygdala joined neurocircuitry models of OCD for its role in mediating fear and regulating anxiety. The present study aims to identify the underlying pathophysiological specifics in OCD with different onset times by assessing amygdala subregional functional connectivity (FC) alterations in early-onset OCD (EO-OCD) and late-onset OCD (LO-OCD). METHODS: Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging data were acquired from 88 medication-free OCD patients (including 30 EO-OCD and 58 LO-OCD) and age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HC) for each patient group. Onset-by-diagnosis interactions were examined and comparisons between each OCD group and the corresponding HC group were performed regarding the FC of amygdala subregions including the basolateral amygdala (BLA), centromedial amygdala (CMA), superficial amygdala (SFA) and amygdalostriatal transition area (Astr). RESULTS: Significant onset-by-diagnosis interactions were found in FC between bilateral SFA, right CMA, left Astr and the cerebellum. EO-OCD patients showed abnormally increased BLA/SFA-cerebellum, BLA-precuneus and BLA/SFA-fusiform connectivity in addition to decreased BLA/SFA-orbitofrontal cortex connectivity. In contrast, LO-OCD patients exhibited increased CMA/Astr-precentral/postcentral gyrus and CMA-cuneus connectivity as well as decreased CMA/Astr-cerebellum and BLA-striatum connectivity. LIMITATIONS: The exclusion of comorbidity may reduce the generalizability of our results. CONCLUSIONS: These findings emphasized the different patterns of amygdala subregional connectivity alterations associated with EO-OCD and LO-OCD patients. These results provide unique insights into constructing evidence-based distinct OCD subtypes based on brain intrinsic connectivity and point to the need of specified management for EO-OCD and LO-OCD in clinical setting.

3.
Stem Cell Res ; 57: 102608, 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856467

RESUMO

We have successively constructed several induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines of middle-aged and elderly male, but cell samples from young donors are still scarce. In this project, we recruited a healthy 29-year-old Chinese Han male, obtained his skin fibroblasts and successfully established iPSC line using non-integrated reprogramming technology. The iPSC line showed normal karyotype, expressed pluripotency markers and differentiated into three germ layers in vivo. The cell line will serve as an available control in the research of pathological mechanisms of early-onset neurological diseases.

4.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(93): 12480-12483, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34747951

RESUMO

Herein, bismuth oxyiodide (Bi5O7I) was used as a signal probe to construct an effective sensitization structure with methylene blue (MB), combined with protein conversion strategy, and a photoelectrochemical (PEC) biosensor was constructed for sensitive detection of prostate-specific antigen (PSA). The designed biosensor had a high sensitivity and a low detection limit (LOD) of 0.047 fg mL-1, which opened up a simple way for the detection of PSA and showed a good application prospect in clinical and medical fields.

5.
Mol Metab ; 54: 101367, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737094

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is the most common microvascular complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus (2-DM). Currently, urine and kidney biopsy specimens are the major clinical resources for DKD diagnosis. Our study proposes to evaluate the diagnostic value of blood in monitoring the onset of DKD and distinguishing its status in the clinic. METHODS: This study recruited 1,513 participants including healthy adults and patients diagnosed with 2-DM, early-stage DKD (DKD-E), and advanced-stage DKD (DKD-A) from 4 independent medical centers. One discovery and four testing cohorts were established. Sera were collected and subjected to training proteomics and large-scale metabolomics. RESULTS: Deep profiling of serum proteomes and metabolomes revealed several insights. First, the training proteomics revealed that the combination of α2-macroglobulin, cathepsin D, and CD324 could serve as a surrogate protein biomarker for monitoring DKD progression. Second, metabolomics demonstrated that galactose metabolism and glycerolipid metabolism are the major disturbed metabolic pathways in DKD, and serum metabolite glycerol-3-galactoside could be used as an independent marker to predict DKD. Third, integrating proteomics and metabolomics increased the diagnostic and predictive stability and accuracy for distinguishing DKD status. CONCLUSIONS: Serum integrative omics provide stable and accurate biomarkers for early warning and diagnosis of DKD. Our study provides a rich and open-access data resource for optimizing DKD management.

6.
Antimicrob Agents Chemother ; : AAC0160821, 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34843388

RESUMO

A population pharmacokinetic analysis of delamanid and its major metabolite DM-6705 was conducted to characterize the pharmacokinetics of delamanid and DM-6705 in pediatric participants with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). Data from participants between the ages of 0.67 to 17 years old, enrolled in 2 clinical trials, were utilized for the analysis. The final dataset contained 634 delamanid and 706 DM-6705 valid plasma concentrations from 37 children. A transit model with three compartments best described the absorption of delamanid. Two compartment models for each component with linear elimination were selected to characterize the disposition of delamanid and DM-6705, respectively. The covariates included in the model were body weight on apparent volume of distribution and apparent clearance (for both delamanid and DM-6705); formulation (dispersible vs film coated tablet) on mean absorption time; age, formulation, and dose on bioavailability of delamanid; age on the fraction of delamanid metabolized to DM-6705. Based on the simulations, doses for participants within different age/weight groups that result in delamanid exposure comparable to that in adults following the approved adult dose were calculated. By concentration-QTc (QTcB, QT corrected by Bazett's' formula) analysis, a significant positive correlation was detected with concentrations of DM-6705. However, the model-predicted upper bounds of the 90% confidence intervals of ΔQTc value were less than 10 ms at the simulated Cmax of DM-6705 following administration of maximum doses simulated. This suggests that the effect on the QT interval following the proposed dosing is unlikely to be clinically meaningful in children with MDR-TB who receive delamanid.

7.
Cells ; 10(11)2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34831280

RESUMO

Renal fibrosis is a pathologic feature of chronic kidney disease, which can lead to end-stage kidney disease. Myeloid fibroblasts play a central role in the pathogenesis of renal fibrosis. However, the molecular mechanisms pertaining to myeloid fibroblast activation remain to be elucidated. In the present study, we examine the role of signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) in myeloid fibroblast activation, macrophage polarization, and renal fibrosis development in a mouse model of folic acid nephropathy. STAT6 is activated in the kidney with folic acid nephropathy. Compared with folic-acid-treated wild-type mice, STAT6 knockout mice had markedly reduced myeloid fibroblasts and myofibroblasts in the kidney with folic acid nephropathy. Furthermore, STAT6 knockout mice exhibited significantly less CD206 and PDGFR-ß dual-positive fibroblast accumulation and M2 macrophage polarization in the kidney with folic acid nephropathy. Consistent with these findings, STAT6 knockout mice produced less extracellular matrix protein, exhibited less severe interstitial fibrosis, and preserved kidney function in folic acid nephropathy. Taken together, these results have shown that STAT6 plays a critical role in myeloid fibroblasts activation, M2 macrophage polarization, extracellular matrix protein production, and renal fibrosis development in folic acid nephropathy. Therefore, targeting STAT6 may provide a novel therapeutic strategy for fibrotic kidney disease.

9.
Nat Sci Sleep ; 13: 1797-1806, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675727

RESUMO

Background: Existing evidence suggested that sleep duration may be involved in hypertension; however, the conclusions were still controversial. This study aimed to examine the association of longitudinal trajectory of sleep duration with hypertension and to explore the role of the inflammation in such associations. Methods: A total of 3178 subjects over 30 years of age without hypertension were enrolled in 2004, and they were followed until 2009. Self-reported sleep duration was recorded, and inflammation was measured by highly sensitive C reactive protein (hs-CRP). Log-binomial regression models were applied to examine the association of sleep duration trajectory and inflammation with the risk of hypertension. The mediating effect of elevated hs-CRP was examined by the bootstrap and the process software. Results: The prevalence of persistent short (≤7 hours/day), normal (8-9 hours/day), and long (>9 hours/day) sleep duration over 5 years were 9.1%, 37.7%, and 2.3%, respectively. The incidence of hypertension was 26.6% during the follow-up period. Compared with those who persistently slept 8-9 hours/day from baseline to follow-up, those who persistently slept ≤7 hours/day, persistently slept ≥10 hours/day, and those whose sleep duration changed have higher risks of hypertension by 1.375-fold (95% CI: 1.121, 1.686), 1.557-fold (95% CI: 1.171, 2.069) and 1.299-fold (95% CI: 1.135, 1.487), respectively. In addition, persistently slept ≤7 hours/day was found to be associated with higher risk of inflammation (RR: 1.285, 95% CI: 1.008, 1.638). The mediation analysis did not find significant mediating effect of elevated CRP on the association between sleep duration trajectory and hypertension. Conclusion: Experiencing both a short or long sleep duration, especially for a long time, could lead to higher risk of hypertension. Persistent exposure to short sleep duration was also associated with inflammation. However, the higher risk of hypertension caused by persistent short sleep duration does not seem to be directly mediated through inflammation.

10.
iScience ; 24(10): 103112, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622165

RESUMO

The kidney local microenvironment (KLM) plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of kidney fibrosis. However, the composition and regulation of a fibrotic KLM remain unclear. Through a multidisciplinary approach, we investigated the roles of the hepatocyte growth factor/c-met signaling pathway in regulating KLM formation in various chronic kidney disease (CKD) models. We performed a retrospective analysis of single-cell RNA sequencing data and determined that tubular epithelial cells and macrophages are two major cell populations in a fibrotic kidney. We then created a mathematical model that predicted loss of c-met in tubular cells would cause greater responses to injury than loss of c-met in macrophages. By generating c-met conditional knockout mice, we validated that loss of c-met influences epithelial plasticity, myofibroblast activation, and extracellular matrix synthesis/degradation, which ultimately determined the characteristics of the fibrotic KLM. Our findings open the possibility of designing effective therapeutic strategies to retard CKD.

11.
Front Immunol ; 12: 735014, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512669

RESUMO

A hallmark of chronic kidney disease is renal fibrosis, which can result in progressive loss of kidney function. Currently, there is no effective therapy for renal fibrosis. Therefore, there is an urgent need to identify potential drug targets for renal fibrosis. In this study, we examined the effect of a selective STAT6 inhibitor, AS1517499, on myeloid fibroblast activation, macrophage polarization, and development of renal fibrosis in two experimental murine models. To investigate the effect of STAT6 inhibition on myeloid fibroblast activation, macrophage polarization, and kidney fibrosis, wild-type mice were subjected to unilateral ureteral obstruction or folic acid administration and treated with AS1517499. Mice treated with vehicle were used as control. At the end of experiments, kidneys were harvested for analysis of myeloid fibroblast activation, macrophage polarization, and renal fibrosis and function. Unilateral ureteral obstruction or folic acid administration induced STAT6 activation in interstitial cells of the kidney, which was significantly abolished by AS1517499 treatment. Mice treated with AS1517499 accumulated fewer myeloid fibroblasts and myofibroblasts in the kidney with ureteral obstruction or folic acid nephropathy compared with vehicle-treated mice. Moreover, AS1517499 significantly suppressed M2 macrophage polarization in the injured kidney. Furthermore, AS1517499 markedly reduced the expression levels of extracellular matrix proteins, and development of kidney fibrosis and dysfunction. These findings suggest that AS1517499 inhibits STAT6 activation, suppresses myeloid fibroblast activation, reduces M2 macrophage polarization, attenuates extracellular matrix protein production, and preserves kidney function. Therefore, targeting STAT6 with AS1517499 is a novel therapeutic approach for chronic kidney disease.

12.
Stem Cell Res ; 56: 102525, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509920

RESUMO

Spastic paraplegia type 7 is a rare and classical monogenic inherited neurodegenerative disease caused by heterozygous mutations in the SPG7 gene. The principle clinical features include progressive spasms of the lower limbs, scissor gait, and muscle weakness. The disease currently has no effective treatment. In this study, we obtained dermal fibroblasts from a patient, which were successfully transformed into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) by employing reprogramming plasmids expressing OCT3/4, SOX2, KLF4, LIN28, and L-MYC. Our method provides a resource for mechanism exploration, drug research, cell transplantation, and gene therapy.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Paraplegia Espástica Hereditária , Diferenciação Celular , Reprogramação Celular , Fibroblastos , Humanos , Paraplegia , Paraplegia Espástica Hereditária/genética
13.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 722476, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34566647

RESUMO

Recent research indicates that brain cannabinoid CB2 receptors are involved in drug reward and addiction. However, it is unclear whether ß-caryophyllene (BCP), a natural product with a CB2 receptor agonist profile, has therapeutic effects on methamphetamine (METH) abuse and dependence. In this study, we used animal models of self-administration, electrical brain-stimulation reward (BSR) and in vivo microdialysis to explore the effects of BCP on METH-taking and METH-seeking behavior. We found that systemic administration of BCP dose-dependently inhibited METH self-administration under both fixed-ratio and progressive-ratio reinforcement schedules in rats, indicating that BCP reduces METH reward, METH intake, and incentive motivation to seek and take METH. The attenuating effects of BCP were partially blocked by AM 630, a selective CB2 receptor antagonist. Genetic deletion of CB2 receptors in CB2-knockout (CB2-KO) mice also blocked low dose BCP-induced reduction in METH self-administration, suggesting possible involvement of a CB2 receptor mechanism. However, at high doses, BCP produced a reduction in METH self-administration in CB2-KO mice in a manner similar as in WT mice, suggesting that non-CB2 receptor mechanisms underlie high dose BCP-produced effects. In addition, BCP dose-dependently attenuated METH-enhanced electrical BSR and inhibited METH-primed and cue-induced reinstatement of drug-seeking in rats. In vivo microdialysis assays indicated that BCP alone did not produce a significant reduction in extracellular dopamine (DA) in the nucleus accumbens (NAc), while BCP pretreatment significantly reduced METH-induced increases in extracellular NAc DA in a dose-dependent manner, suggesting a DA-dependent mechanism involved in BCP action. Together, the present findings suggest that BCP might be a promising therapeutic candidate for the treatment of METH use disorder.

14.
J Cell Physiol ; 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515350

RESUMO

Hypertension is a major cause of chronic kidney disease. However, the pathogenesis of hypertensive kidney disease is not fully understood. Recently, we have shown that CXCL16/phosphoinositide-3 kinase γ (PI3Kγ) plays an important role in the development of renal inflammation and fibrosis in angiotensin II (AngII) induced hypertensive nephropathy. In the present study, we examined the role of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), a major regulator of PI3K signaling, in the pathogenesis of renal inflammation and fibrosis in an experimental model of hypertension induced by AngII. We generated myeloid PTEN conditional knockout mice by crossing PTENflox/flox mice with LysM-driven Cre mice. Littermate LysM-Cre- / - PTENflox/flox mice were used as a control. Both myeloid PTEN knockout mice and their littermate control mice exhibited similar blood pressure at baseline. AngII treatment resulted in an increase in blood pressure that was comparable between myeloid PTEN knockout mice and littermate control mice. Compared with littermate control mice, myeloid PTEN knockout mice developed more severe kidney dysfunction, proteinuria, and fibrosis following AngII treatment. Furthermore, myeloid PTEN deficiency exacerbated total collagen deposition and extracellular matrix protein production and enhanced myeloid fibroblast accumulation and myofibroblast formation in the kidney following AngII treatment. Finally, myeloid PTEN deficiency markedly augmented infiltration of F4/80+ macrophages and CD3+ T cells into the kidneys of AngII-treated mice. Taken together, these results indicate that PTEN plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of renal inflammation and fibrosis through the regulation of infiltration of myeloid fibroblasts, macrophages, and T lymphocytes into the kidney.

15.
Curr Med Res Opin ; 37(11): 1961-1972, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407720

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The single-injection start regimen for aripiprazole once-monthly 400 mg (AOM 400) in patients with schizophrenia requires a single intramuscular injection in the gluteal or deltoid site and 14 days of concurrent oral therapy. A simplified, single-day regimen of two injections at separate gluteal and/or deltoid injection sites, together with a single 20-mg dose of oral aripiprazole on the 1st day, was assessed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A previously developed population-pharmacokinetic (popPK) model for characterizing aripiprazole PK following oral administration and gluteal intramuscular depot injection was expanded to include deltoid injection. Simulations were conducted to assess PK profiles following various (including two-injection) start regimens. Postmarketing data on patients who received higher-than-recommended AOM doses were used to assess overall safety/tolerability. RESULTS: The two-injection start regimen with a single concurrent oral dose displayed a comparable PK profile to the single-injection start regimen with concurrent 14-day oral administration in simulations. The safety assessment indicated the two-injection start regimen was unlikely to be associated with safety concerns beyond those expected with a single-injection start regimen. CONCLUSION: These data support use of the two-injection start regimen in clinical practice to reduce reliance on daily oral administration and optimize the therapeutic benefits of AOM 400 in patients with schizophrenia.


Assuntos
Antipsicóticos , Esquizofrenia , Administração Oral , Antipsicóticos/uso terapêutico , Aripiprazol/uso terapêutico , Preparações de Ação Retardada/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Injeções Intramusculares , Esquizofrenia/tratamento farmacológico
16.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 99: 108038, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2), whose activities are upregulated during sepsis, may be related to the regulation of inflammatory programmed cell death called pyroptosis. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of CB2 activation in attenuation of inflammation through inhibiting pyroptosis in cecal ligation puncture (CLP)-induced sepsis andlipopolysaccharide (LPS) + ATP-stimulated macrophages. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were subjected to CLP procedure and treated with CB2 agonist HU308 and CB2 antagonist AM630. Lung tissues were collected for analyses of lung W/D ratio, inflammatory factors levels, and pyroptosis-related protein expression. Murine bone-marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM) were treated with LPS and ATP to construct a septic model in vitro in the presence of HU308 and AM630 for assessment of cell injury, cytokine levels and pyroptosis-related protein expression accordingly. To verify the relationship between CB2 receptors and pyroptosis in the process of inflammatory response, BMDM were transduced with CB2 receptors knockdown lentiviral vectors in the presence of HU308 and AM630 for assessment of pyroptosis-related protein expression. RESULTS: CB2 activation ameliorated the release of inflammatory mediators. The results showed that CLP-induced pyroptosis was elevated, and CB2 agonist HU308 treatment inhibited the pyroptosis activity through a decrease of the protein levels of NLRP3 as well as caspase-1 and GSDMD activation. Similar results were obtained in BMDM after LPS and ATP treatment. Treatment with CB2 knockdown lentiviral particles prevented the HU308-induced decreases in cell pyroptosis, demonstrating that endogenous CB2 receptors are required for the cannabinoid-induced cell protection. CONCLUSIONS: CB2 receptors activation plays a protective role in sepsis through inhibition of pyroptosis. The effect of CB2 receptors against pyroptosis depends on the existence of endogenous CB2 receptors.

17.
Int J Gen Med ; 14: 3961-3969, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34349545

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of the present study was to explore related clinical pregnancy outcome factors in intrauterine insemination (IUI). Materials and Methods: The clinical data of 3984 IUI cycles in 1862 couples experiencing infertility who attended the Reproductive Center of Binzhou Medical University Hospital between July 2006 and July 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Female and male patient age, endometrial thickness (EMT), the post-wash total motile sperm count (PTMC), artificial insemination timing, insemination frequency, and ovarian stimulation protocols were compared between the study's pregnant group and non-pregnant group in order to explore any correlation. Results: There were statistically significant differences in female and male age, EMT, artificial insemination timing, insemination frequency, and ovarian stimulation protocols between the two groups (p < 0.05). The clinical pregnancy rate was significantly higher in ovarian stimulation cycles than in natural cycles (21.2% and 11.6%, respectively; p < 0.01), the clinical pregnancy rate was significantly higher in double IUI than in single IUI (17.8% and 12.1%, respectively; p < 0.01), and EMT was significantly greater in the pregnant group than in the control group (p < 0.05). However, the differences in clinical pregnancy rates among the PTMC groups were not statistically significant (14.8%, 14.4%, 17.3%, and 17.3%, respectively; p > 0.05). Conclusion: The results of the present study demonstrate that the clinical IUI pregnancy rate is correlated with the factors of female age, male age, EMT, artificial insemination timing, insemination frequency, and ovarian stimulation protocols; the ovarian stimulation protocol can noticeably improve the patient pregnancy outcome. Furthermore, compared with single IUI, double IUI can significantly increase the clinical pregnancy rate.

18.
Front Pediatr ; 9: 671289, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34395337

RESUMO

The relationship between vitamin D and cardiovascular health in children remains unclear. Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is supposed to be a potential risk factor associated with poorer outcomes after congenital heart disease (CHD) surgery. The maximum vasoactive-inotropic use after cardiac surgery is considered to be a good predictor of adverse outcomes. We aimed to assess the correlation between preoperative VDD and the maximum vasoactive-inotropic score (VISmax) at 24 h postoperatively. Nine hundred children with CHD were enrolled in this study, and preoperative total serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations were measured by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Related demographic and clinical characteristics were collected. A total of 490 boys (54.4%) and 410 girls (45.6%) with a mean age of 1 year (range: 6 months-3 years) were enrolled. The median 25(OH)D level was 24.0 ng/mL, with 32.6% of patients having VDD [25(OH)D < 20 ng/mL]. The univariate analysis indicated that VDD [odds ratio (OR): 2.27; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.48-3.50] is associated with a risk of increased VISmax at 24 h postoperation. Multivariate analysis revealed that VDD (OR: 1.85; 95% CI: 1.09-3.02), a Risk-adjusted Congenital Heart Surgery score of at least three points (OR: 1.55; 95% CI: 1.09-2.19), and cardiopulmonary bypass time (OR: 1.02; 95% CI: 1.01-1.02) were independently associated with an increased VISmax within 24 h after cardiac surgery. VDD in pediatric patients before cardiac surgery is associated with the need for increased postoperative inotropic support at 24 h postoperation.

19.
Mikrochim Acta ; 188(8): 283, 2021 08 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34341883

RESUMO

Tumor exosomes that inherit specific molecules from their parent cells are emerging as ideal biomarkers in cancer diagnostics. Most currently available exosome isolation and detection methods are time-consuming and non-specific; thus, rapid and specific exosome detection methods are needed both clinically and in research. Here, a dual-functional platform is reported composed of reversible conjunction and "off-on" signal responses. Fe3O4@SiO2@TiO2 particles with high affinity were applied to capture exosomes, and model exosomes could be isolated from solution within 20 min with a capture efficiency of 91.5%. An "on-off" fluorescence response PSMA aptasensor was constructed with improved selectivity to detect tumor exosomes by recording the fluorescence intensity with λex/em = 557/580 nm. The standard curve for detecting tumor exosomes with the aptasensor was calculated as y = 371.7x + 66.17, ranging from 0.05 to 1 × 104 particles/µL, with R2 = 0.9737, and a detection limit of 5 × 102 particles/µL in solution. This method was successfully applied to clinical samples, and the results showed better performance in distinguishing prostate cancer patients and healthy samples than the traditional nanoparticle-tracking analysis (NTA) method. This rapid and accurate detection method for prostate cancer may aid in rapid clinical diagnosis. Integrating quickly TiO2-based isolation with sensitive and specific "on-off" detection of PCa exosomes.

20.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(8)2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443724

RESUMO

Metal nanostructured materials, with many excellent and unique physical and mechanical properties compared to macroscopic bulk materials, have been widely used in the fields of electronics, bioimaging, sensing, photonics, biomimetic biology, information, and energy storage. It is worthy of noting that most of these applications require the use of nanostructured metals with specific controlled properties, which are significantly dependent on a series of physical parameters of its characteristic size, geometry, composition, and structure. Therefore, research on low-cost preparation of metal nanostructures and controlling of their characteristic sizes and geometric shapes are the keys to their development in different application fields. The preparation methods, physical and chemical properties, and application progress of metallic nanostructures are reviewed, and the methods for characterizing metal nanostructures are summarized. Finally, the future development of metallic nanostructure materials is explored.

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