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1.
Nature ; 600(7887): 81-85, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34853456

RESUMO

Understanding the structure and dynamic process of water at the solid-liquid interface is an extremely important topic in surface science, energy science and catalysis1-3. As model catalysts, atomically flat single-crystal electrodes exhibit well-defined surface and electric field properties, and therefore may be used to elucidate the relationship between structure and electrocatalytic activity at the atomic level4,5. Hence, studying interfacial water behaviour on single-crystal surfaces provides a framework for understanding electrocatalysis6,7. However, interfacial water is notoriously difficult to probe owing to interference from bulk water and the complexity of interfacial environments8. Here, we use electrochemical, in situ Raman spectroscopic and computational techniques to investigate the interfacial water on atomically flat Pd single-crystal surfaces. Direct spectral evidence reveals that interfacial water consists of hydrogen-bonded and hydrated Na+ ion water. At hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) potentials, dynamic changes in the structure of interfacial water were observed from a random distribution to an ordered structure due to bias potential and Na+ ion cooperation. Structurally ordered interfacial water facilitated high-efficiency electron transfer across the interface, resulting in higher HER rates. The electrolytes and electrode surface effects on interfacial water were also probed and found to affect water structure. Therefore, through local cation tuning strategies, we anticipate that these results may be generalized to enable ordered interfacial water to improve electrocatalytic reaction rates.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601229

RESUMO

Hybridization is an efficient method to breed new strains of aquatic animals. In the present study, we produced a hybrid puffer by crossing female obscure puffer with male tiger puffer. The hybrid puffer could live in fresh water like obscure puffer and exhibited growth superiority. The averaged body weight of 4- and 6-month-old hybrid puffer were respectively 38.06% and 38.93% higher than that of obscure puffer. Then, we analyzed the underlying genetic basis for the growth advantage of hybrid puffer by comparative transcriptome analysis. A total number of 4264 and 1285 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were respectively identified from pituitary and liver transcriptome profiles between hybrid puffer and obscure puffer. Comprehensive analysis showed that the DEGs related with cell proliferation and differentiation, and protein synthesis and export, specifically showed higher expression levels in hybrid puffer, such as "ECM-receptor interaction", "focal adhesion", "protein export" and "protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum". While the DEGs involved in gametogenesis and carbohydrate and energy metabolism highly expressed in obscure puffer, such as "oxidative phosphorylation", "citrate cycle", "progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation" and "oocyte meiosis". Furthermore, a series of candidate genes related to the growth superiority of hybrid puffer were identified, such as fn1a, ptprc, plcg2, igf1, tgfß1, bmp4, abl1, col1a2, col1a1a, and myl9a. These results will be beneficial to understand the molecular basis of growth superiority and helpful to the hybrid breeding of pufferfish.

3.
Nutr Cancer ; : 1-9, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34060398

RESUMO

The prognostic nutrition index (PNI), based on the serum lymphocyte counts and albumin levels, has been introduced as a prognostic factor in various cancer. In the present study, we explore the prognostic significance of PNI in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). A literature search of all publications was conducted using the Cochrane library, PubMed and Embase databases from inception to April 2020. A total of 12 studies consisting of 7,391 patients were enrolled in the present study. We found that low pretreatment PNI is significantly correlated to poor survival, including overall survival (OS) (P < 0.001), cancer-specific survival (CSS) (P = 0.002), progression-free survival/recurrence-free survival/disease-free survival (PFS/RFS/DFS) (P < 0.001). The age (P < 0.001), clear cell histology (P = 0.044), T3-T4 (P = 0.049), and Fuhrman grade 3-4 (P = 0.024) were significantly differed in the low and high pretreatment PNI group. In summary, low pretreatment PNI was associated with adverse clinicopathological features in patients with RCC. Besides, low pretreatment PNI was also an unfavorable factor of OS, CSS, and PFS/RFS/DFS in RCC patients, which could serve as an unfavorable factor. More studies with large participants are required to verify our results.Supplemental data for this article is available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/01635581.2021.1931702.

4.
Immun Inflamm Dis ; 9(2): 547-559, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33631054

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common cancers in the world, and the tumor microenvironment (TME) plays a vital role in the occurrence and development of GC. In this study, we obtained differential expressed genes in GC tissues from The Cancer Genome Atlas. After ESTIMATE and weighted correlation network analysis, we obtained differentially expressed genes (DEGs). With further screening DEGs of immune infiltration and then through Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression analysis and COX analysis, we found that VCAN was a gene positively correlated with high immune infiltration and poor prognosis of patients in GC. In addition, we selected a Gene Expression Omnibus dataset (GSE84433) to verify the effect of VCAN on the patient's prognosis, and analyzed the value of VCAN in immunotherapy through TIMER database and TISIDB. In conclusion, we hold the view that VCAN may affect the development of GC by regulating the TME, which may act as a potential therapeutic target for GC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Biologia Computacional , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Versicanas
5.
Insect Sci ; 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629486

RESUMO

Yolk proteins are the main source of nutrients during embryonic and early larval development in oviparous animals. Therefore, vitellogenesis is crucial for reproduction. The silkworm, Bombyx mori, is a model lepidopteran insect in which there are three yolk proteins: vitellin, 30-kDa protein, and egg-specific protein (Esp). In this study, we explored the gene function of Esp through transgenic clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeats (CRISPR) / CRISPR-associated protein 9 technology-mediated mutations in the silkworm. We found that Esp mutation resulted in female sterility but had no effect on male fertility. Female mutants could lay eggs after mating, but the eggs were smaller and lighter colored than those laid by wild-type females. The most important finding is that the eggs laid by female mutants did not hatch. Furthermore, we observed stable inheritance of female sterility caused by Esp mutation through successive generations. Thus, Esp encodes a yolk protein that is crucial for female reproductive success and is a potential target for pest control.

6.
Helicobacter ; 26(2): e12786, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33596339

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pathogens capable of impacting gastrointestinal tract tumor development are located in the oral cavity, but whether these oral bacteria are able to colonize the gastric mucosa in gastric cancer (GC) patients and whether Helicobacter pylori infection can influence this process remains to be established. METHODS: Microbial 16S rDNA deep sequencing was conducted to characterize bacteria present in paired gastric mucosa and tongue coating samples in 27 patients with superficial gastritis (SG) and 11 GC patients. RESULTS: While the overall composition of the gastric mucosa and tongue coating microbiomes differed substantially, certain bacteria were present in both of these communities. The co-occurrence of bacteria between the tongue coating and gastric mucosa differed significantly between SG and GC patients. Of the 15 most abundant shared oral bacteria genera (the core shared oral bacteria), which were associated with differences in microbiota composition between these tongue coating and gastric mucosa, three were enriched in the gastric mucosa of GC patients relative to SG patients, whereas, 12 were depleted in GC patient samples. Furthermore, the prevalence and relative abundance of these core shared oral bacteria in the gastric mucosa were also linked to H. pylori infection status, and the core shared oral bacteria were also associated with the overall composition of the gastric mucosal microbiome. CONCLUSIONS: Helicobacter pylori infections are linked to the co-occurrence of bacteria in the oral microbiome and the gastric mucosal microbiome. Ectopic colonization of oral microbes may be a primary driver of H. pylori-induced gastric microbial dysbiosis in patients with GC.


Assuntos
Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Mucosa Gástrica , Helicobacter pylori/genética , Humanos , Boca , RNA Ribossômico 16S
7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(3): 1318-1322, 2021 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33449677

RESUMO

PtNi alloy catalysts have excellent catalytic activity and are considered some of the most promising electrocatalysts capable of replacing pure Pt for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). For PtNi alloys, Ni-doping can improve performance by changing the electronic and structural properties of the catalyst surface and its interaction with reaction intermediates. However, to date there is no direct spectral evidence detecting or identifying the effect of Ni on the ORR in PtNi alloy catalysts. Herein, we introduce a surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopic (SERS) "borrowing" strategy for investigating ORR processes catalyzed by Au@PtNi nanoparticles (NPs). The bond vibration of adsorbed peroxide intermediate species (*OOH) was obtained, and the effect of Ni on the interaction between surface Pt and *OOH was studied by varying the Ni content in the alloy. The frequency of the *OOH spectral band has an obvious red-shift with increasing Ni content. Combined with density functional theory (DFT) calculations, we show that Ni-doping can optimize *OOH surface binding on the Pt surface, achieving more efficient electron transfer, thus improving the ORR rate. Notably, these results evidence the SERS borrowing strategy as an effective technique for in situ observations of catalytic processes.

8.
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol ; 77(1): 115-121, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33105321

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The mechanisms of aspirin antithrombotic actions have not been fully elucidated. We re-analyzed the data from the project Aspirin Resistance in Patients with Ischemic Atherothrombotic Diseases from April 2008 to June 2010. A total of 530 subjects were classified into 3 groups, including 40 patients without aspirin use, 24 patients taking 25-50 mg/d aspirin, and 466 patients taking 75-100 mg/d aspirin over 1 month. By 1:1:1 propensity score matching adjusting 15 primary clinical covariates, 51 patients (n = 17 per group) comprised the final sample. Hemostasis-related parameters and high platelet reactivity as measured by arachidonic acid-induced and adenosine diphosphate-induced light transmission aggregometry were compared in the 3 groups. A dose-dependent relationship was observed between aspirin and decreased high platelet reactivity incidence (PAA < 0.001, PADP < 0.01, respectively), decreased monocyte ratio (P = 0.052), increased antithrombin activity (P < 0.001), and increased platelet distribution width (P < 0.05). Aspirin at 25-50 mg/d is related to the lowest red blood cell (RBC) count, whereas 75-100 mg/d aspirin showed the highest RBC count among the 3 groups (4.52 ± 0.35 × 1012/L vs. 4.35 ± 0.57 × 1012/L vs. 4.80 ± 0.59 × 1012/L, P = 0.046). Our finding demonstrated that aspirin exerts its antithrombotic effects at least by antiplatelet function, enhancing antithrombin activity and suppressing monocytes in vivo. In addition, 3 blood cell types, namely RBCs, monocytes, and platelets, are involved in the aspirin antithrombotic mechanism. The cellular response to aspirin partially enhances the antithrombotic effects while partially inhibiting the effects.


Assuntos
Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Plaquetas/efeitos dos fármacos , Eritrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Ativação Plaquetária/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/administração & dosagem , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antitrombina III/metabolismo , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Esquema de Medicação , Eritrócitos/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monócitos/metabolismo , Pontuação de Propensão , Trombose/sangue , Trombose/diagnóstico , Fatores de Tempo
9.
Dig Dis Sci ; 66(5): 1673-1682, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32591968

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: How gastric cancer (GC) incidence is associated with changes in the gastric microbiome has not been firmly established. The present study therefore aims to investigate the microbial communities present within the gastric mucosa of patients with superficial gastritis (SG) or GC. METHODS: Paired tumor and paracancerous samples of the gastric mucosa were collected from 18 patients being surgically treated for GC and from 32 patients with SG being treated via gastroscopy. The gastric microbiome in these samples was then profiled via 16S rRNA sequencing, with a linear discriminant analysis effect size (LEfSe) approach used to identify and compare different bacteria, and with PICRUSt used for predictive functional analyses. RESULTS: GC patients exhibited a distinct gastric microbiota profile from that observed in SG patients. These changes were evident in both tumor and paracancerous tissues from GC patients. Specifically, we found that 6 bacterial genera were specifically enriched in GC tissue samples relative to SG samples, while 18 genera were depleted in these same samples. Based on the differential abundance of these bacteria, we were able to calculate microbial dysbiosis index (MDI) values, which were significantly higher in GC patients than in SG patients. In addition, MDI values were negatively correlated with gastric Shannon index and were positively correlated with relative Helicobacter spp. abundance. Importantly, these MDI values were readily able to discriminate between GC and SG patient samples. Functional analysis suggested that GC patients were more likely to harbor a nitrosating microbial community. CONCLUSIONS: GC patients exhibited a gastric microbiome profile distinct from that observed in SG patients, with these differences being evident in both tumor and paracancerous tissues. Differences in the relative abundance of Helicobacter spp. may be the primary driver of gastric dysbiosis in GC patients.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Mucosa Gástrica/microbiologia , Gastrite/microbiologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/microbiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/microbiologia , Idoso , Bactérias/genética , Biópsia , Disbiose , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Mucosa Gástrica/cirurgia , Gastrite/patologia , Gastrite/cirurgia , Gastroscopia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/patologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/cirurgia , Ribotipagem , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
10.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(11): 5708-5711, 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33325603

RESUMO

Elucidating hydrogen oxidation reaction (HOR) mechanisms in alkaline conditions is vital for understanding and improving the efficiency of anion-exchange-membrane fuel cells. However, uncertainty remains around the alkaline HOR mechanism owing to a lack of direct in situ evidence of intermediates. In this study, in situ electrochemical surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) and DFT were used to study HOR processes on PtNi alloy and Pt surfaces, respectively. Spectroscopic evidence indicates that adsorbed hydroxy species (OHad ) were directly involved in HOR processes in alkaline conditions on the PtNi alloy surface. However, OHad species were not observed on the Pt surface during the HOR. We show that Ni doping promoted hydroxy adsorption on the platinum-alloy catalytic surface, improving the HOR activity. DFT calculations also suggest that the free energy was decreased by hydroxy adsorption. Consequently, tuning OH adsorption by designing bifunctional catalysts is an efficient method for promoting HOR activity.

11.
J Neuropathol Exp Neurol ; 80(2): 137-149, 2021 01 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33382873

RESUMO

Seizures are common in patients with glioma, especially low-grade glioma (LGG). However, the epileptogenic mechanisms are poorly understood. Recent evidence has indicated that abnormal excitatory synaptogenesis plays an important role in epileptogenesis. The thrombospondin (TSP) family is a key regulator of synaptogenesis. Thus, this study aimed to elucidate the role of TSP2 in epileptogenesis in glioma-related epilepsy. The expression of TSP2 was increased in tumor tissue specimens from LGG patients, and this increase may have contributed to an increase in the density of spines and excitatory synapses in the peritumoral area. A glioma cell-implanted rat model was established by stereotactic implantation of wild-type TSP2-expressing, TSP2-overexpressing or TSP2-knockout C6 cells into the neocortex. Similarly, an increase in the density of excitatory synapses was also observed in the peritumoral area of the implanted tumor. In addition, epileptiform discharges occurred in the peritumoral cortex and were positively correlated with the TSP2 level in glioma tissues. Moreover, α2δ1/Rac1 signaling was enhanced in the peritumoral region, and treatment with the α2δ1 antagonist gabapentin inhibited epileptiform discharges in the peritumoral cortex. In conclusion, glioma-derived TSP2 promotes excitatory synapse formation, probably via the α2δ1/Rac1 signaling pathway, resulting in hyperexcitability in the peritumoral cortical networks, which may provide new insight into the epileptogenic mechanisms underlying glioma-related epilepsy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Glioma/metabolismo , Convulsões/metabolismo , Sinapses/metabolismo , Trombospondinas/metabolismo , Animais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/fisiopatologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Glioma/genética , Glioma/patologia , Glioma/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Ratos , Convulsões/genética , Convulsões/patologia , Convulsões/fisiopatologia , Trombospondinas/genética
12.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 19: 1533033820963662, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034276

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical efficacy of salvage percutaneous radiofrequency ablation in patients with unresectable colorectal cancer liver metastases. METHODS: The cohort consisted of 81 patients with 126 colorectal cancer liver metastases who underwent radiofrequency ablation between January 2012 and September 2016. The clinical data and ablation data were retrospectively analyzed. The local tumor progression-free survival, overall survival, and prognostic factors were analyzed using the log-rank test and Cox regression model. RESULTS: The technique success rate was 99.21%. The primary efficacy rate was 100% at the 1-month follow-up. Minor complications were observed in 2 patients, which recovered within 1 week. The median local tumor progression-free survival time of all patients was 29.8 months. The absence of subsequent chemotherapy was an independent predictor of a shorter local tumor progression-free survival time (P < 0.001, hazard ratio: 2.823, 95% confidence interval: 1.603, 4.972). The median overall survival time was 26.8 months. A lesion size greater than 3 cm (P = 0.011, hazard ratio: 2.112, 95% confidence interval: 1.188, 3.754) and the presence of early local tumor progression (P = 0.011, hazard ratio: 2.352, 95% confidence interval: 1.217, 4.545) were related to a shorter survival time. CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation is safe in patients with colorectal cancer liver metastases refractory from chemotherapy. Subsequent chemotherapy is important to enhance local control. Small lesions and favorable early responses are related to prolonged overall survival.

13.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(19): 18982-19011, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33052878

RESUMO

The effect of POC1 centriolar protein A (POC1A) on gastric cancer (GC) has not been clearly defined. In this study, POC1A expression and clinical information in patients with GC were analyzed. Multiple databases were used to investigate the genes that were co-expressed with POC1A and genes whose changes co-occurred with genetic alternations of POC1A. Moreover, the TISIDB and TIMER databases were used to analyze immune infiltration. The GSE54129 GC dataset and LASSO regression model (tumor vs. normal) were employed, and 6 significant differentially expressed genes (LAMP5, CEBPB, ARMC9, PAOX, VMP1, POC1A) were identified. POC1A was selected for its high expression in adjacent tissues, which was confirmed with IHC. High POC1A expression was related to better overall and recurrence-free survival. GO and KEGG analyses demonstrated that POC1A may regulate the cell cycle, DNA replication and cell growth. Furthermore, POC1A was found to be correlated with immune infiltration levels in GC according to the TISIDB and TIMER databases. These findings indicate that POC1A acts as a tumor suppressor in GC by regulating the cell cycle and cell growth. In addition, POC1A preferentially regulates the immune infiltration of GC via several immune genes. However, the specific mechanism requires further study.

14.
Onco Targets Ther ; 13: 8287-8297, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32903862

RESUMO

Purpose: Several studies have revealed that albumin-to-alkaline phosphatase ratio (AAPR) was correlated to the survival of several cancers. To explore the impact of AAPR on the survival of non-metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients following nephrectomy, the present study was conducted. Patients and Methods: A total of 648 patients were enrolled in the present study. The cut-off value of AAPR was determined based on the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Univariate and multivariate analyses were applied to identify prognostic factors. The discrimination and calibration of models for survival outcomes were evaluated based on the concordance index (C-index), ROC analysis and calibration curve. Results: The low AAPR (≤0.5) was associated with older age (P<0.001), higher T stage (P=0.002), larger tumor size (P=0.014) and tumor necrosis (P=0.003). A high AAPR was significantly correlated to better OS (hazard ratio, HR=0.61; P=0.038) and CSS (HR=0.52; P=0.013) based on multivariate analysis. Integrating AAPR with UISS or SSIGN, the C-indexes of nomogram for OS (UISS: 0.790 vs 0.765; SSIGN: 0.861 vs 0.850) and CSS (UISS: 0.832 vs 0.805; SSIGN: 0.905 vs 0.896) increased. Moreover, the nomogram for OS and CSS was established based on the multivariate analysis. The C-indexes of nomogram for OS and CSS were 0.834 (95% CI 0.794-0.874) and 0.867 (95% CI 0.830-0.904), respectively. Conclusion: In conclusion, the high preoperative AAPR was a favorable prognostic factor for surgically treated non-metastatic RCC patients. AAPR also could improve the predictive value of well-established models. The nomogram that incorporates AAPR had a good performance. More prospective studies with a large scale are essential to validate our findings.

15.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 13(7): 1902-1908, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32782721

RESUMO

Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) of esophagus is an extremely rare tumor only a few cases were successfully treated with endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). We herein report one case of superficial esophageal LELC with adjacent squamous intraepithelial neoplasia successfully treated by ESD, and the status of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection and microsatellite instability (MSI) were detected simultaneously. A 71-year-old woman presented with complaints of substernal discomfort. Under endoscopy, a dome-shaped bulge of 1.2 cm × 0.8 cm was located at the mucosal lamina propria in the left lateral wall of the middle esophagus, and the mucosa covering the bulge was smooth and normal-appearing. A brownish lesion was found adjacent to the bulge. Microscopically, the tumor was well demarcated, and nests of syncytial epithelioid cells were identified in the lamina propria of the mucosa, with a large number of inflammatory cells. The squamous epithelium covering the surface of the infiltrating tumor and the second brownish lesion demonstrated low grade squamous intraepithelial neoplasia. Tumor tissue showed CK5/6, p63, and p40 positive staining, was EBV negative, and had microsatellite stability. After treatment with ESD, this patient received no further treatment, and had no recurrence or metastasis at 25-month follow-up.

16.
Clin Chim Acta ; 509: 210-216, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32562664

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The present study was performed to explore the prognostic value of prognostic nutritional index (PNI) in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients following nephrectomy. METHODS: A total of 660 patients were included. PNI was calculated based on the following formula: serum albumin level (g/L) + 0.005 × total lymphocyte count (per mm3). Kaplan-Meier survival curve and the log-rank test were conducted. Univariate analysis and multivariate Cox regression analysis were performed to explore the prognostic factors. RESULTS: The patients in low PNI group were more likely to be older (P < 0.001), have a larger tumor (P < 0.001), higher pathological T stage (P < 0.001), positive lymph node (P = 0.038), distant metastasis (P = 0.005), higher tumor grade (P < 0.001) and tumor necrosis (P < 0.001). Multivariable analysis revealed low preoperative PNI was an independent predictor of overall survival (OS) (P = 0.034) and progression-free survival (PFS) (P = 0.004) for all patients. Besides, low preoperative PNI was also significantly associated with poor OS (P = 0.008), cancer-specific survival (CSS) (P = 0.032) and PFS (P = 0.003) for non-metastatic RCC patients. CONCLUSION: The patients with lower preoperative PNI were associated with adverse factors. Furthermore, the low preoperative PNI was also associated with inferior oncological outcomes in RCC patients who underwent nephrectomy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Carcinoma de Células Renais/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Nefrectomia , Avaliação Nutricional , Estado Nutricional , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
J Cancer ; 11(11): 3172-3179, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32231721

RESUMO

Aims: TBX2 is related to tumor progression and drug resistance. However, the roles of TBX2 in gastric cancer (GC) remain unclear. Our study aims at investigating the clinical roles of TBX2 in GC. Methods: The protein expression levels of TBX2 in fresh GC tissue (n=20) were investigated with Western blotting analyses. The correlation between TBX2 expression and its prognostic significance was evaluated by immunohistochemical analyses of 401 patients. The survival benefit of postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy (PAC) for patients was evaluated. Results: The expression of TBX2 was increased in GC tissue compared with adjacent paracancerous tissue (p=0.020). Immunohistochemistry demonstrated that TBX2 expression was significantly associated with lymphovascular invasion (p=0.024) and lymph node metastasis (p=0.044). A high level of TBX2 expression was an independent indicator of unfavorable recurrence-free and overall survival (p=0.002 and p=0.033, respectively). The prognostic model incorporating TBX2 expression exhibited greater predictive accuracy than the primary model. More importantly, the benefit of PAC noted in stage II/III GC patients with low TBX2 expression was superior to high TBX2 expression. Conclusion: TBX2 may be not only a useful prognostic marker for GC but also a predictive biomarker of response to PAC in stage II/III GC patients. The current findings warrant further verification.

18.
J Dig Dis ; 21(4): 205-214, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32223013

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate histopathologic changes of muscularis mucosae (MM) and submucosa in the gastric cardia. METHODS: We performed a histopathology study of 50 distal esophagectomies with proximal gastrectomies for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma as the study (non-cancerous cardiac) group and 60 gastrectomies for early gastric cardiac carcinoma as the cancer group. The gastroesophageal junction was defined as the distal end of squamous epithelium, multilayered epithelium, or deep esophageal glands or ducts. Gastric cardia (n = 110) was defined as the presence of cardiac and cardio-oxyntic mucosae distal to the gastroesophageal junction. RESULTS: The average thickness of MM and submucosa in the cardia was 1.04 and 1.41 mm, respectively, which was significantly thicker than that in distal stomach (n = 34) (0.22 and 0.99 mm) or distal esophagus (n = 92) (0.60 and 1.15 mm). In the cardia, thickened MM displayed frayed muscle fibers (93.3%) with a significantly higher prevalence of entrapped glands, cysts, and lymphoid follicles than in the distal stomach or distal esophagus. In the submucosa fatty changes, cysts, and abnormal arteries were significantly more common in the cardia than in the distal stomach or distal esophagus. Compared with the study group, the cardia in the cancer group showed significantly thicker MM (average 1.31 vs 0.72 mm) and submucosa (average 1.61 vs 1.16 mm), more frequent frayed MM (93.3% vs 60.0%), prolapse-like changes (50.0% vs 2.0%), and cysts (26.7% vs 4.0%). CONCLUSION: MM and submucosa of the cardia were significantly thickened, especially in early gastric cardiac carcinomas.


Assuntos
Cárdia/patologia , Mucosa Esofágica/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/cirurgia , Esofagectomia , Junção Esofagogástrica/patologia , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
19.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(9): 6287-6299, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32026471

RESUMO

The expression pattern and role of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in the pathogenesis of gastric cancer (GC) and their underlying mechanisms remain unresolved. In this study, we identified differentially expressed circRNAs by a circRNA microarray and verified the results by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction using 117 clinical samples. Cell Counting Kit-8, wound healing, Transwell, and tumorsphere formation assays were conducted to assess the effects of circ-CEP85L on cell proliferation and invasion in vitro. Mouse intraperitoneal injection models were used to assess the functions of circ-CEP85L in vivo. Luciferase reporter assays, fluorescence in situ hybridization, and rescue experiments were performed to elucidate the underlying mechanism of circ-CEP85L. We found that circ-CEP85L, which has not been studied in GC, was significantly downregulated in GC tissues and that decreased circ-CEP85L expression correlated significantly with a worse prognosis. The knockdown of circ-CEP85L promoted the proliferation and invasion of GC cells, which was reversed by overexpression of circ-CEP85L. Furthermore, inhibition of circ-CEP85L promoted tumor growth in vivo. Mechanistically, circ-CEP85L was confirmed to be a direct target of miR-942-5p. In addition, rescue experiments indicated that circ-CEP85L is able to inhibit the proliferation and invasion of GC cells by sponging miR-942-5p. Finally, western blot assays verified that the downregulation of miR-942-5p efficiently reversed the inhibition of NFKBIA induced by circ-CEP85L overexpression. Therefore, we conclude that circ-CEP85L promotes NFKBIA expression by acting as a sponge of miR-942-5p; thus, inhibiting GC proliferation and invasion. circ-CEP85L is a potential target in the treatment of GC.


Assuntos
Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , RNA Circular/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Idoso , Animais , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
20.
Cancer Lett ; 471: 38-48, 2020 02 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31811909

RESUMO

The biological functions of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in gastric cancer (GC) remain largely unexplored. Here, we identified that circ-RanGAP1 was significantly upregulated in both GC tissues and exosomes from the plasma of GC patients. High circ-RanGAP1 expression was closely associated with an advanced TNM stage, lymph node metastases, and worse survival. Inhibition of circ-RanGAP1 decreased GC cell invasion and migration in vitro. Overexpression of circ-RanGAP1 had the opposite effect. Additionally, circ-RanGAP1 silencing remarkably suppressed tumor growth and metastasis of GC in vivo. Mechanistically, circ-RanGAP1 sponged miR-877-3p to upregulate VEGFA expression. Overexpression of miR-877-3p reversed the biological functions mediated by circ-RanGAP1 in GC cells. Interestingly, we demonstrated that circ-RanGAP1 was upregulated in plasma exosomes from preoperative GC patients. More importantly, the plasma exosomes derived from these patients enhanced the migration and invasion potential of GC cells. Overall, the circ-RanGAP1-mediated miR-877-3p/VEGFA axis promotes GC progression. Our findings suggest that circ-RanGAP1 might act as a potential prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for GC treatment.


Assuntos
Proteínas Ativadoras de GTPase/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Circular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/biossíntese , Idoso , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Exossomos/genética , Feminino , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , MicroRNAs/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , RNA Circular/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética
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