Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 784
Filtrar
1.
J Int Med Res ; 49(4): 3000605211004520, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823641

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of psychological intervention on the prognosis of patients with C4 dislocation and spinal cord injury. METHODS: We investigated target patients admitted between 2010 and 2018. Patients' mental state, quality of life and neurological function at different time points were evaluated to examine the relationship between psychological intervention and recovery and prognosis of acute and critical spinal cord injury. RESULTS: All patients showed improvements in clinical symptoms, neurological function and quality of life. Psychological intervention significantly improved Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale score, Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale score and SF-36 Mental Component Summary score within 3 months. Japanese Orthopaedic Association neurological function score and SF-36 Physical Component Summary score were significantly improved after 1-year follow-up. Psychological intervention did not improve 2-year survival. CONCLUSION: Timely and professional psychological intervention can eliminate the psychological disorders of C4 dislocation patients with spinal cord injury. This has a positive effect on their quality of life and prognosis.

2.
Cardiology ; : 1-10, 2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33780933

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The 3-month period after hospitalization for acute cardiac failure is a vulnerable phase with the highest risk of mortality and rehospitalization. Safety and efficacy of early initiation of sacubitril/valsartan during the index hospitalization for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is unclear. Therefore, we tested whether sacubitril/valsartan could result in a lower rate of a composite outcome of first hospitalization for heart failure and death from cardiovascular causes compared to inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system alone. METHODS: We enrolled patients hospitalized for ADHF and reduced ejection fraction at 4 sites; patients were divided into a sacubitril/valsartan group or an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI)/angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) group. All patients were followed up for 3 months after discharge. The primary endpoint was outcomes as a composite of death from cardiovascular causes and rehospitalization for heart failure. RESULTS: In total, 251 patients who received sacubitril/valsartan and 251 patients who received ACEIs/ARBs had similar propensity scores and were included and compared. The primary endpoint was reached in 40 patients (15.9%) treated with sacubitril/valsartan and in 59 patients (23.5%) managed by ACEI/ARB (HR, 0.650; 95% CI: 0.435-0.971; p = 0.035). The NYHA class improved in 72.1% of patients in the sacubitril/valsartan group and in 59.8% of patients in the ACEI/ARB group (HR, 1.303; 95% CI: 1.097-1.548, p = 0.004). The key safety outcomes endpoints did not significantly differ. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients hospitalized with ADHF and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction, we observed that sacubitril/valsartan therapy led to reduction in death from cardiovascular causes and rehospitalizations for heart failure when compared to ACEI/ARB therapy alone during the vulnerable phase. Our results support that sacubitril/valsartan may be administered early in the vulnerable phase after ADHF and improves NYHA class.

3.
Food Res Int ; 142: 110188, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33773664

RESUMO

Ribonucleic acid (RNA) and its degradation products are important functional components widely used in the food industry. Transcription analysis was used to explore the genetic mechanism underlying nucleic acid synthesis in the chemical mutant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain BY23-195 with high nucleic acid content. Results showed that ribosome biogenesis, meiosis, RNA transport, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway, tryptophan metabolism, carbon metabolism, and longevity regulating pathway are closely related to the high nucleic acid metabolism of S. cerevisiae. Fourteen most promising genes were selected to evaluate the effect of single-gene deletion or overexpression on the RNA synthesis of S. cerevisiae. Compared with the RNA content of the parent strain BY23, that of mutant strains BY23-HXT1, BY23-ΔGSP2 and BY23-ΔCTT1 increased by 8.19%, 11.60% and 14.00%, respectively. The possible reason why HXT1, GSP2, and CTT1 affect RNA content is by regulating cell fitness. This work was the first to report that regulating the transcription of HXT1, GSP2, and CTT1 could increase the RNA content of S. cerevisiae. This work also provides valuable knowledge on the genetic mechanism of high nucleic acid synthesis in S. cerevisiae and new strategies for increasing its RNA content.

4.
Nanotechnology ; 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33770773

RESUMO

Molybdenum oxycarbide (MoOC) is a single-phase compound, which can serve as a potential anode for lithium-ion batteries that integrating the merits of high specific capacity of MoO2 and high conductivity of Mo2C. Herein, a novel architecture with N,P co-doped carbon nanofibers and MoOC nanodots is constructed from a one-step phosphorization of MoOx/aniline organic-inorganic hybrid. Ultrafine MoOC nanodots are well confined by N,P co-doped carbon nanofibers, which ensures the fast Li+/electron transfer and good stability of structure under repeated charge/discharge processes. When this unique hybrid is employed as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries, promising Li+ storage properties are gained, in terms of high specific capacity, superb rate and long-term cycling performance. The remarkable capacitive contribution facilitates the fast Li+ uptake/release. This work may sheds light on the development of well-defined molybdenum-based anodes for advanced lithium-ion batteries.

6.
J Surg Oncol ; 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33730378

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In 2016, the self-pulling and latter transection method (named "Delta SPLT"), a modified delta-shaped gastroduodenostomy (DA) technique for totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy, was described. Delta SPLT reduced the technical difficulty of the surgery and the quantity of cartridges required with a manageable initial safety profile. Here, the safety and feasibility of this technique are analyzed at 1 year's follow-up. METHODS: The demographic and clinicopathologic profiles, perioperative details, and postoperative outcomes of 45 consecutive patients who underwent Delta SPLT from March 2016 to March 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The Delta SPLT technique, which consisted of one endoscopic linear stapler and four cartridges each, was used for reconstruction in every case. RESULTS: The mean operative time was 127.1 ± 38.2 min, including a reconstruction duration of 22.6 ± 7.2 min. There were no surgical or anastomotic complications. The mean postoperative stay duration was 5.8 ± 1.2 days, and the morbidity rate was 2.2% with one case of postoperative pneumonia. CONCLUSIONS: The results at the one-year follow-up suggest that Delta SPLT is a safe and feasible procedure. Delta SPLT is characterized by fewer difficulties experienced during surgery, lower surgical costs, it is easy to practice, and it is beneficial for patients who are undergoing gastroduodenostomy.

7.
J Vasc Access ; : 1129729821999484, 2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33719694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) has been widely used. The catheter-related complications might occur and the reports of secondary malposition into azygos veins were rare. METHODS: This retrospective review summarized the experience in diagnosis and management of secondary malposition of PICC into azygos veins in 25 cases. RESULTS: When the catheter dysfunction occurred in the PICC on the left limb, it was necessary to consider whether there would be malposition into azygos veins after other reasons were excluded. The malposition could be diagnosed by chest lateral radiograph or chest computed tomography. The secondary malposition into azygos veins was resolved by repositioning or withdrawing the PICC. After re-inserting the catheter, it should be closely monitored whether the malposition occurred again. Intracavitary electrocardiogram positioning technology was used to confirm the catheter tip position before using corrosive drug. After the catheters withdrawn from the azygos veins, close attention should be paid to the property and concentration of the infusion drug strictly and the complications such as blockage and re-malposition. No serious complications such as infection, thrombosis and extravasation occurred in this group of patients after treatment. CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study suggested that the right limb is recommended for PICC catheterization in order to avoid secondary malposition into azygos veins and the malposition into azygos veins should be dealt with in time.

8.
Dev Comp Immunol ; : 104062, 2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33667530

RESUMO

The Krüppel-like factors (KLFs) are a family of transcription factors containing three highly conserved tandem zinc finger structures, and each member participates in multiple physiological and pathological processes. The publication of genome sequences and the application of bioinformatics tools have led to the discovery of numerous gene families in fishes. Here, 24 klf genes were re-annotated in grass carp. Subsequently, the number of klf family members were investigated in some representative vertebrate species. Then, a series of bioinformatics analysis showed that grass carp klfs in the same subfamily had similar genome structure patterns and conserved distribution patterns of motifs, which supported their molecular evolutionary relationships. Furthermore, the mRNA expression profiles showed that 24 grass carp klfs were ubiquitously expressed in 11 different tissues, and some of them displayed tissue-enriched expression patterns. Finally, the expressions of the evolutionarily expanded klf members (klf2a, 2b, 2l, 5a, 5b, 5l, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 11a, 11b, 12a, 12b, 15 and 15l) during GCRV infection were also analyzed. The results suggested that grass carp klf genes with common evolutionary sources may share functional diversity and conservation. In conclusion, this study provides preliminary clues for further researches on grass carp klf members and their underlying transcriptional regulatory mechanisms during GCRV infection.

9.
J Lipid Res ; : 100063, 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33705741

RESUMO

The oxysterol sulfate, 25-hydroxycholesterol 3-sulfate (25HC3S), has been shown to play an important role in lipid metabolism, inflammatory response, and cell survival. However, the mechanism(s) of its function in global regulation is unknown. The current study investigates the molecular mechanism by which 25HC3S functions as an endogenous epigenetic regulator. To study the effects of oxysterols/sterol sulfates on epigenetic modulators, twelve recombinant epigenetic enzymes were used to determine whether 25HC3S acts as their endogenous ligand. The enzyme kinetic study demonstrated that 25HC3S specifically inhibited DNA methyltransferases, DNMT1, DNMT3a, and DNMT3b with IC50= 4.04, 3.03, and 9.05 x 10-6 M, respectively. In human hepatocytes, high glucose induces lipid accumulation by increasing promoter CpG methylation of key genes involved in development of non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD). Using this model, whole genome bisulfate sequencing (WGBS) analysis demonstrated that 25HC3S converts the 5mCpG to CpG in the promoter regions of 1074 genes. Additionally, we observed increased expression of the demethylated genes, which are involved in the master signaling pathways, including MAPK-ERK, calcium-AMPK, and type II diabetes mellitus pathways. Messenger RNA array analysis showed that the upregulated genes encoded for key elements of cell survival; conversely, downregulated genes encoded for key enzymes that decrease lipid biosynthesis. Taken together, our results indicate that the expression of these key elements and enzymes are regulated by the demethylated signaling pathways, and that 25HC3S DNA demethylation of 5mCpG in promoter regions is a potent regulatory mechanism.

10.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 37(2): 429-447, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645146

RESUMO

Higher alcohols are one of the main by-products of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in brewing. High concentration of higher alcohols in alcoholic beverages easily causes headache, thirst and other symptoms after drinking. It is also the main reason for chronic drunkenness and difficulty in sobering up after intoxication. The main objective of this review is to present an overview of the flavor characteristics and metabolic pathways of higher alcohols as well as the application of mutagenesis breeding techniques in the regulation of higher alcohol metabolism in S. cerevisiae. In particular, we review the application of metabolic engineering technology in genetic modification of amino transferase, α-keto acid metabolism, acetate metabolism and carbon-nitrogen metabolism. Moreover, key challenges and future perspectives of realizing optimization of higher alcohols metabolism are discussed. This review is intended to provide a comprehensive understanding of metabolic regulation system of higher alcohols in S. cerevisiae and to provide insights into the rational development of the excellent industrial S. cerevisiae strains producing higher alcohols.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Bebidas Alcoólicas , Álcoois/análise , Fermentação , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo
11.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 40: 127913, 2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33705905

RESUMO

Resveratrol is a natural polyhydroxy trans-stilbene product with many biological activities. One of the most striking biological activities of it is its anti-aging potential. Resveratrol can exhibit anti-aging activity via a variety of signaling pathways, however, the repair effect of it on kidney and brain injury in aging mice induced by d-galactose and its regulation on klotho gene expression have not been reported. Herein, the anti-aging activity of resveratrol and its effect on the repair of kidney and brain injuries in d-galactose-induced aging mice, as well as its regulation of klotho gene expression in these two tissues were investigated. The results indicated that resveratrol could significantly increase the aged cell viability and improve the pathological status of aging mice via inhibiting the formation of malondialdehyde and enhancing the activities of superoxide dismutase and catalase. The histological analysis suggested that resveratrol could remarkably repair the damages of kidney and brain tissues in aging mice. Moreover, PCR and western blot have shown that resveratrol could obviously increase the anti-aging klotho gene expression in the above tissues. The data in this paper further revealed and enriched the anti-aging mechanism of resveratrol, and the methods established in this study can be used as a tool to evaluate the anti-aging activity of drugs to a certain extent.

12.
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol ; 122: 104915, 2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33705838

RESUMO

With an improvement in the survival rate of cancer patients, chemotherapy-induced premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) is increasingly affecting the quality of life of female patients. Currently, there are many relevant studies using mice as an animal model. However, a large coefficient of variation for weight in mice is not appropriate for endocrine-related studies, compared with rats; therefore, it is necessary to identify an appropriate experimental model in rats. In this study, cyclophosphamide combined with busulfan was used to establish an animal model. We compared several common modeling methods using chemotherapeutic drugs, cisplatin, cyclophosphamide, and 4-vinylcyclohexene diepoxide (VCD), and we found that the combination of cyclophosphamide and busulfan was more effective in establishing a POI model in rats with few side effects by analyzing general physical conditions, pathological tissue sections of heart, liver, lung, spleen, kidney, uterus, and ovary, serum hormone levels, and follicle counts; thus, providing a more reliable model basis for subsequent studies.

13.
J Pharm Sci ; 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610568

RESUMO

This study sought to prepare a self-microemulsion drug delivery system containing zingerone (Z-SMEDDS) to improve the low oral bioavailability of zingerone and anti-tumor effect. Z-SMEDDS was characterized by particle size, zeta potential and encapsulation efficiency, while its pharmacokinetics and anti-tumor effects were also evaluated. Z-SMEDDS had stable physicochemical properties, including average particle size of 17.29 ± 0.07 nm, the zeta potential of -22.81 ± 0.29 mV, and the encapsulation efficiency of 97.96% ± 0.02%. In vitro release studies have shown the release of zingerone released by Z-SMEDDS was significantly higher than free zingerone in different release media. The relative oral bioavailability of Z-SMEDDS was 7.63 times compared with free drug. Meanwhile, the half inhibitory concentration (IC50)of Z-SMEDDS and free zingerone was 8.45 µg/mL and 13.30 µg/mL, respectively on HepG2. This study may provide a preliminary basis for further clinical research and application of Z-SMEDDS.

14.
J Diabetes Res ; 2021: 5340453, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33575359

RESUMO

Aims: Epidemiological data on diabetic retinopathy (DR) in Chinese population is still rather scarce, and risk factors for diabetic retinopathy are inconsistent because of study designs, grading standards, and population samples. Materials and Methods: This hospital-based retrospective study included 1052 type 2 diabetes patients. Diabetic retinopathy was diagnosed by nonmydriatic fundus photography and/or fundus examination apparatus. Logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the risk of diabetic retinopathy. Results: A total of 352 (33.5% prevalence) subjects were diagnosed with diabetic retinopathy based on our population. The patients in the DR group not only had significantly higher hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), urinary microalbumin-creatinine ratio (ACR), and systolic blood pressure but also had higher follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) levels compared to those in the non-DR group. Moreover, we confirmed that diabetes duration and HbA1c are strongly associated with DR risk. We also found that serum LH was an independent risk factor in male diabetic retinopathy patients (OR = 1.086, 95% CI 1.024-1.152), and the levels of LH were significantly associated with diabetic retinopathy prevalence (P = 0.018). Conclusions: Our study strengthens the argument that diabetes duration and HbA1c are risk factors for patients with DR. Additionally; we firstly confirmed that serum LH was an independent risk factor in male diabetic retinopathy patients.

15.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 3850, 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33594167

RESUMO

Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) play a pathogenic role in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). STAT3 signaling is activated in FLS of RA patients (RA-FLS), which in turn causes RA-FLS hyperproliferation. RL is a traditional remedy for treating inflammatory diseases in China. It comprises Rosae Multiflorae Fructus and Lonicerae Japonicae Flos. A standardized ethanolic extract of RL (RLE) has been shown to exert anti-arthritic effects in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rats. Some constituents of RLE were reported to inhibit JAK2/STAT3 signaling in rat FLS. Here, we determined whether RLE inhibits FLS hyperproliferation, and explored the involvement of STAT3 signaling in this inhibition. In joints of CIA rats, RLE increased apoptotic FLS. In IL-6/sIL-6R-stimulated RA-FLS, RLE reduced cell viability and evoked cell apoptosis. In synovial tissues of CIA rats, RLE lowered the protein level of phospho-STAT3. In IL-6/sIL-6R-stimulated RA-FLS, RLE inhibited activation/phosphorylation of STAT3 and JAK2, decreased the nuclear localization of STAT3, and downregulated protein levels of Bcl-2 and Mcl-1. Over-activation of STAT3 diminished RLE's anti-proliferative effects in IL-6/sIL-6R-stimulated RA-FLS. In summary, RLE inhibits hyperproliferation of FLS in rat and cell models, and suppression of STAT3 signaling contributes to the underlying mechanisms. This study provides further pharmacological groundwork for developing RLE as a modern anti-arthritic drug.

16.
Respir Res ; 22(1): 46, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33557842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoid-induced tumor necrosis factor receptor family-related protein ligand (GITRL) plays an important role in tumors, autoimmunity and inflammation. However, GITRL is not known to modulate the pathogenesis of allergic asthma. In this study, we investigated whether regulating GITRL expressed on dendritic cells (DCs) can prevent asthma and to elucidate its mechanism of action. METHODS: In vivo, the role of GITRL in modulating house dust mite (HDM)-induced asthma was assessed in adeno-associated virus (AAV)-shGITRL mice. In vitro, the role of GITRL expression by DCs was evaluated in LV-shGITRL bone marrow dendritic cells (BMDCs) under HDM stimulation. And the direct effect of GITRL was observed by stimulating splenocytes with GITRL protein. The effect of regulating GITRL on CD4+ T cell differentiation was detected. Further, GITRL mRNA in the peripheral blood of asthmatic children was tested. RESULTS: GITRL was significantly increased in HDM-challenged mice. In GITRL knockdown mice, allergen-induced airway inflammation, serum total IgE levels and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) were reduced. In vitro, GITRL expression on BMDCs was increased after HDM stimulation. Further, knocking down GITRL on DCs partially restored the balance of Th1/Th2 and Th17/Treg cells. Moreover, GITRL stimulation in vitro inhibited Treg cell differentiation and promoted Th2 and Th17 cell differentiation. Similarly, GITRL mRNA expression was increased in the peripheral blood from asthmatic children. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified a novel role for GITRL expressed by DCs as a positive regulator of CD4+ T cells responses in asthma, which implicates that GITRL inhibitors may be a potential immunotherapy for asthma.

18.
J Ovarian Res ; 14(1): 38, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33627162

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the detailed roles and mechanisms of tumor-derived exosomes in progression and metastasis of ovarian cancer in vitro. METHODS: Exosomes were isolated by differential centrifugation method; the morphology, size and biological markers of exosomes were separately defined by transmission electron microscopy, nanoS90 and Western blotting; Trans-well chambers assay was used to assess the ability of migration and invasion of recipient cells uptaking the exosomes from HO8910PM cells. The downstream molecule was screened by mass spectrometry.CD44 was identified by western blotting and the function of CD44 was identified by trans-well chambers assay and CCK8 assay. RESULTS: Exosomes derived from HO8910PM cells could be transferred to HO8910 cells and promote cell migration and invasion in the recipient cells of ovarian cancer. And CD44 could be transferred to the HO8910 cells through exosomes from HO8910PM cells and influence the migration and invasion ability of HO8910 cells. CONCLUSION: The more aggressive subpopulation can transfer a metastatic phenotype to the less one via secreting exosomes within a heterogeneous tumor. CD44 may be a potential therapeutic approach for ovarian cancer.

19.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33632926

RESUMO

On November 28, 2018, the FDA approved gilteritinib (Xospata; Astellas), a small-molecule FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) inhibitor, for treatment of relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia with a FLT3 mutation as detected by an FDA-approved test. In the ADMIRAL study, patients were randomized 2:1 to receive gilteritinib or standard chemotherapy and stratified by response to first-line treatment and intensity of prespecified chemotherapy. Efficacy was established on interim analysis on the basis of complete remission (CR) + CR with partial hematologic recovery (CRh) rate, duration of CR + CRh, and conversion from transfusion dependence to transfusion independence in 138 patients in the gilteritinib arm. With median follow-up of 4.6 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 2.8-15.8 months] at interim analysis, the CR + CRh rate was 21% (95% CI, 15%-29%), median duration of CR + CRh was 4.6 months (range, 0.1-15.8+), and conversion from transfusion dependence to transfusion independence was 31%. Revised labeling approved on May 29, 2019 included the results of the final analysis, showing an improvement in overall survival (OS) with gilteritinib compared with chemotherapy (HR, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.49-0.83; one-sided P = 0.0004; median OS, 9.3 vs. 5.6 months). The OS benefit was observed in both high and low chemotherapy intensity subgroups. Labeling includes a boxed warning for differentiation syndrome and warnings for posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, QT prolongation, pancreatitis, and embryo-fetal toxicity. Safe use requires frequent monitoring of electrocardiograms and blood chemistries. Assessments of long-term safety are pending.

20.
Anticancer Drugs ; 32(3): 314-322, 2021 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33394687

RESUMO

Evodiamine (Evo), a quinazoline alkaloid and one of the most typical polycyclic heterocycles, is mainly isolated from Evodia rugulosa. Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) is a newly identified way of angiogenesis during tumor neovascularization, which is prevalent in a variety of highly invasive tumors. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect and mechanism of Evo on VM in human colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. The number of VM structures was calculated by the three-dimensional culture of human CRC cells. Wound-healing was used to detect the migration of HCT116 cells. Gene expression was detected by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR assay. CD31/PAS staining was used to identify VM. Western blotting and immunofluorescence were used to detect protein levels. The results showed that Evo inhibited the migration of HCT116 cells, as well as the formation of VM. Furthermore, Evo reduced the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α), VE-cadherin, VEGF, MMP2, and MMP9. In a model of subcutaneous xenotransplantation, Evo also inhibited tumor growth and VM formation. Our study demonstrates that Evo could inhibit VM in CRC cells HCT116 and reduce the expression of HIF-1α, VE-cadherin, VEGF, MMP2, and MMP9.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...