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1.
J Environ Manage ; 331: 117246, 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36642048

RESUMO

Bioaugmentation (BA) and biostimulation (BS) synergistic remediation is an effective remediation strategy for oil-contaminated soil. In this study, the optimal combination system of composite microbial agent TY (Achromobacter: Pseudomona = 2:1) and dehydrocoenzyme activator (NaNO3 (7.0 g/L), (NH4)2HPO4 (1.0 g/L), riboflavin (6.0 mg/L)) was screened. Under the best combination system, the degradation rate of crude oil in oil-contaminated soil reached 79.44% after 60 d, which was 1.74 times and 1.23 times higher than that of compound microbial agent TY treatment and dehydrogenase activator treatment, respectively. In addition, a highly efficient combination system was found to target the degradation of oil C10-C28 fractions by gas chromatography (GC). The increased abundance of dehydrogenase coenzymes such as flavin nucleotides (FAD and FMN), coenzyme I (NAD+, Co I) and coenzyme II (NADP+, Co II) as well as dioxygenases and monooxygenases promote the degradation of crude oil. Furthermore, the dominant genera at the genus level in soil were analyzed by high-throughput sequencing, which were Nocardioides (46.48%-56.07%), Gordonia (11.40%-14.61%), Intrasporangiaceae (5.05%-10.58%), Pseudomonas (1.39%-1.92%) and Dietzia (0.64%-2.77%). Phylogenetic Investigation of Communities by Reconstruction of Unobserved States (PICRUSt) analysis showed that the abundance of genes associated with crude oil degradation such as ABC transporters (2.89%), fatty acid (1.04%), carbon metabolism (4.5%) and aromatic compound (0.92%) was assigned enhanced after 60 d of remediation. These results indicated that the combination system of the compound bacterium TY and the dehydrocoenzyme activator is a propective option for the bioremediation of oil-contaminated soil.

2.
J Hazard Mater ; 447: 130808, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36669400

RESUMO

Biodegradation is one of the safest and most economical methods for the elimination of toxic chlorophenols and crude oil from the environment. In this study, aerobic degradation of the aforementioned compounds by composite microbial agent B-Cl, which consisted of Bacillus B1 and B2 in a 3:2 ratio, was analyzed. The biodegradation mechanism of B-Cl was assessed based on whole genome sequencing, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and gas chromatographic analyses. B-Cl was most effective at reducing Cl- concentrations (65.17%) and crude oil biodegradation (59.18%) at 7 d, which was when the content of alkanes ≤ C30 showed the greatest decrease. Furthermore, adding B-Cl solution to soil significantly decreased the 2,4-DCP and oil content to below the detection limit and by 80.68%, respectively, and reconstructed of the soil microbial into a system containing more CPs-degrading (exaA, frmA, L-2-HAD, dehH, ALDH, catABE), aromatic compounds-degrading (pcaGH, catAE, benA-xylX, paaHF) and alkane- and fatty acid-degrading (alkB, atoB, fadANJ) microorganisms. Moreover, the presence of 2,4-DCP was the main hinder of the observed effects. This study demonstrates the importance of adding B-Cl solution to determine the interplay of CPs with microbes and accelerating oil degradation, which can be used for in-situ bioremediation of CPs and oil-contaminated soil.

3.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1239: 340715, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36628719

RESUMO

Excessive hypochlorite (ClO-) is easy to form residues in water, which will seriously endanger human health and environmental pollution. Therefore, it is essential to develop a sensitive fluorescent sensor to detect ClO- in water. Herein, a simple and economical fluorescent probe for the detection of ClO- was designed by highly exfoliated graphite-like carbon nitride (Ex_g-C3N4). The results showed that Ex_g-C3N4 had obvious fluorescence quenching effect on ClO- with high selectivity and anti-interference ability, which was feasible for making probes for detecting ClO- in water. Sensing experiments showed that the Ex_g-C3N4 probe had the detection limit of 5.56 nM while the detection range was 0-62 mM in water. Moreover, the fast response time of Ex_g-C3N4 was less than 30 s, illustrating the superior sensitivity. Besides, the fluorescence sensing experiment was carried out in various liquid conditions, which demonstrated that Ex_g-C3N4 probe had outstanding detecting application in natural environment. A portable fluorescent test strip for rapid detecting ClO- was successfully developed. The response of the probe on test strip towards ClO- was investigated, and the detection limit (0.1 µM) is low enough to meet the safety requirements in tap water. Furthermore, the quenching mechanism of Ex_g-C3N4 probe was also discussed.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Grafite , Humanos , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Ácido Hipocloroso/química , Água , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
4.
Chemistry ; 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36604309

RESUMO

Photonic disinfection, particularly near-infrared (NIR) light triggered antibacterial, has emerged as a highly promising solution for combating pathogenic microbes due to its spatiotemporal operability, safety, and low cost of apparatus. However, it remains challenging to construct NIR-responsive antibacterial agents with high light-converting efficacy and elucidate synergistic mechanisms. In this work, novel ultrathin two-dimensional (2D) BiOCl-Bi2S3-Cu2S ternary heterostructures that can efficiently kill drug-resistant bacteria were synthesized by doping 0D Bi2S3 and Cu2S nanoparticles in the 2D BiOCl nanosheets via a facile one-pot hydrothermal method. Notably, the incorporation of Cu2S nanoparticles bestows strong NIR light-harvesting capability to the composite nanosheets due to their localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR). Upon NIR light illumination, the BiOCl-Bi2S3-Cu2S nanosheets can exert both enhanced photonic hyperthermia and reaction oxygen species (ROS) generation, serving as single light-activated bi-functional photothermal and photodynamic therapeutics. Here, high-speed hot electrons and large local electronic fields caused by LSPR might play important roles on thermal vibrations and effective carrier separations respectively. Benefiting from the unique ternary heterostructures, both the photothermal conversion efficacy and ROS generation efficacy of BiOCl-Bi2S3-Cu2S nanosheets are remarkably improved in comparison to the binary BiOCl-Cu2S or BiOCl-Bi2S3 nanosheets. Accordingly, the ternary composite nanosheets can effectively kill bacteria via the NIR-driven photonic disinfection mechanism. This work presents a new type of 2D composite nanosheets with ternary heterostructures for NIR photonic disinfection.

5.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2021_0396, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387939

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective To study the effects of contusion and exhaustive exercise on the expression of degradation-related factors MuRF1 and MAFbx in the skeletal muscle of rats and describe the repair mechanism of skeletal muscle injury. Methods Forty-two male SD rats were randomly divided into 7 groups. The rats in each group were killed at different time points (0h, 24h, 48h) after exhaustive exercise (E0, E24, E48) and contusion (D0, D24, D48), respectively, and in the resting state in control group (C). The right gastrocnemius muscles were resected and divided into two parts, one for the mRNAs of MuRF1 and MAFbx by real-time PCR, and the other for protein measurement by Western blotting. Results Compared with the control group, the MuRF1 mRNA and protein expression of the skeletal muscle in the E0 group was markedly increased (P <0.05) and followed by a downward trend in E24 the E48 groups. On the other hand, MuRF1 mRNA expression of the skeletal muscle in the D24 group was significantly upregulated (P <0.01), then decreased in the D48 group (P <0.01). Meanwhile, compared with the C group, MAFbx mRNA gene expression continued to be upregulated in D24 and D48 (P <0.05), but decreased in E24 and E48 (p<0.01). On the other hand, the NF-κB protein contents of the skeletal muscle in the D0, D24, and D48 groups, as well as in the E48 group, were markedly downregulated (P <0.05), and the one in E48 was also remarkably downregulated (P <0.05). Conclusion NF-κB may negatively regulate the process of protein degradation by the NF-κB / MuRF1 signal pathway. Level of evidence III; Therapeutic studies investigating the results of treatment.


RESUMEN Objetivo Estudiar los efectos de la contusión y del ejercicio exhaustivo sobre la expresión de los factores relacionados con la degradación MuRF1 y MAFbx en el músculo esquelético de ratas y describir el mecanismo de reparación de la lesión muscular esquelética. Métodos Cuarenta y dos ratas macho SD fueron divididas aleatoriamente en 7 grupos. Las ratas de cada grupo fueron sacrificadas en diferentes momentos (0h, 24h, 48h) después del ejercicio exhaustivo (E0, E24, E48) y de la contusión (D0, D24, D48), respectivamente, y en estado de reposo en el grupo de control (C). Se resecaron los músculos gastrocnemios derechos y se dividieron en dos partes, una para los ARNm de MuRF1 y MAFbx mediante PCR en tiempo real y la otra para la medición de proteínas mediante Western blot. Resultados En comparación con el grupo control, el ARNm de MuRF1 y la expresión proteica del músculo esquelético en el grupo E0 se incrementó notablemente (P <0,05) y fueron seguidos por una tendencia a la baja en los grupos E24 y E48. Por otra parte, la expresión del ARNm de MuRF1 del músculo esquelético en el grupo D24 fue significativamente regulada al alza (P <0,01), y luego disminuyó en el grupo D48 (P <0,01). Mientras tanto, en comparación con el grupo C, la expresión génica del ARNm de MAFbx permaneció regulada al alza en D24 y D48 (P <0,05), pero disminuyó en E24 y E48 (p<0,01). Por otro lado, el contenido de proteína NF-κB del músculo esquelético en los grupos D0, D24 y D48, así como en el grupo E48, se vio notablemente regulado a la baja (P <0,05), y el del grupo E48 también se vio notablemente regulado a la baja (P <0,05). Conclusión NF-κB puede regular negativamente el proceso de degradación de la proteína a través de la vía NF-κB / MuRF1. Nivel de evidencia III; Estudios terapéuticos que investigan los resultados del tratamiento.


RESUMO Objetivo Estudar os efeitos do trauma contuso e do exercício exaustivo na expressão dos fatores relacionados à degradação MuRF1 e MAFbx no músculo esquelético de ratos e descrever o mecanismo de reparo da lesão muscular esquelética. Métodos Quarenta e dois ratos SD machos foram divididos aleatoriamente em 7 grupos. Os ratos de cada grupo foram mortos em diferentes momentos (0h, 24h, 48h) após exercício exaustivo (E0, E24, E48) e trauma contuso (D0, D24, D48), respectivamente, e no estado de repouso no grupo controle (C). Os músculos gastrocnêmios direitos foram ressecados e divididos em duas partes, uma para os mRNAs de MuRF1 e MAFbx por PCR em tempo real e outra para a medição de proteínas a partir do Western blot. Resultados Em comparação com o grupo controle, o mRNA de MuRF1 e a expressão proteica do músculo esquelético no grupo E0 foram acentuadamente aumentados (P <0,05) e seguidos por uma tendência descendente nos grupos E24 e E48. Por outro lado, a expressão do mRNA de MuRF1 do músculo esquelético no grupo D24 foi significativamente regulada para cima (P <0,01), depois diminuiu no grupo D48 (P <0,01). Enquanto isso, em comparação com o grupo C, a expressão gênica do mRNA de MAFbx continuou regulada para cima em D24 e D48 (P <0,05), mas diminuiu em E24 e E48 (p<0,01). Por outro lado, os teores de proteína NF-κB do músculo esquelético nos grupos D0, D24 e D48, bem como no grupo E48, foram marcadamente regulados para baixo (P <0,05), e o do grupo E48 também foi notavelmente regulado para baixo (P <0,05). Conclusão NF-κB pode regular negativamente o processo de degradação da proteína pela via NF-κB / MuRF1. Nível de evidência III; Estudos terapêuticos que investigam os resultados do tratamento.

6.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 126: 556-564, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36503781

RESUMO

Nickel (hydr)oxide (NiOH) is known to be good co-catalyst for the photoelectrochemical oxidation of water, and for the photocatalytic oxidation of organics on different semiconductors. Herein we report a greatly improved activity of Bi2MoO6 (BMO) by nickel hexammine perchlorate (NiNH). Under visible light, phenol oxidation on BMO was slow. After NiNH, NiOH, and Ni2+ loading, a maximum rate of phenol oxidation increased by factors of approximately 16, 8.8, and 4.7, respectively. With a BMO electrode, all catalysts inhibited O2 reduction, enhanced water (photo-)oxidation, and facilitated the charge transfer at solid-liquid interface, respectively, the degree of which was always NiNH > NiOH > Ni2+. Solid emission spectra indicated that all catalysts improved the charge separation of BMO, the degree of which also varied as NiNH > NiOH > Ni2+. Furthermore, after a phenol-free aqueous suspension of NiNH/BMO was irradiated, there was a considerable Ni(III) species, but a negligible NH2 radical. Accordingly, a plausible mechanism is proposed, involving the hole oxidation of Ni(II) into Ni(IV), which is reactive to phenol oxidation, and hence promotes O2 reduction. Because NH3 is a stronger ligand than H2O, the Ni(II) oxidation is easier for Ni(NH3)6+ than for Ni(H2O)6+. This work shows a simple route how to improve BMO photocatalysis through a co-catalyst.


Assuntos
Fenol , Água , Níquel , Fenóis , Luz
7.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 1031758, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36466673

RESUMO

The gestation period is critical for the health of the mother and fetus. Malnutrition or over nutrition during pregnancy may cause gestational diseases that can result in adverse pregnancy outcomes. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) can be used to re-establish new gut microbiota to treat a variety of diseases and construct a model to investigate the nutritional health during pregnancy. Therefore, this study investigated whether human-derived gut microbiota during pregnancy could colonize the intestines of mice. Moreover, we determined the time and method of intervention for FMT. Based on this information, a humanized mouse model of FMT was constructed to simulate the human intestinal microecology during pregnancy, and serve as a useful animal model for the study of nutritional health and disease during pregnancy. Germ-free (GF) and specific pathogen free (SPF) C57BL/6J mice were selected for humanized gestational FMT and the transplantation outcomes were evaluated. The results demonstrated that the gestational intestinal microbiota colonized the intestines of mice, allowing researchers to construct a humanized mouse model of gestational FMT. The main intestinal flora of the gestational period were transplanted into GF mice, with the gestational flora being similar to the flora of GF mice after transplantation. However, antibiotics could not eliminate the original microbial flora in SPF mice, and the flora was complex and variable after FMT with little increase in abundance. Background flora had a significant impact on the outcomes assessment. The results were better in GF mice than in SPF mice, and after microbiota transplantation, a superior effect was observed on day 21 compared to days 7 and 14.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36538219

RESUMO

The groundwater polluted by an agricultural hormone site was taken as the research object, and a total of 7 groundwater samples were collected at different locations in the plant. The main pollutants in the research area were determined to be extractable petroleum hydrocarbons (C10-C40); 1,2-dichloroethane; 1,1,2-trichloroethane; carbon tetrachloride; vinyl chloride, and chloroform; the maximum content of these pollutants can reach 271 mg/L, 1.68 × 107 µg/L, 1.56 × 104 µg/L, 9.53 × 104 µg/L, 6.58 × 104 µg/L, and 4.81 × 104 µg/L, respectively. Aiming at the problems of groundwater pollution in this area, two sets of oxidation experiments have been carried out. The addition of NaHSO3 modified Fenton oxidation system was used in this contaminated water, which enhanced (2.2 ~ 46.7%) chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal rate. The highest removal rate of extractable petroleum hydrocarbons (C10-C40) can reach 99%. And the degradation rate of chlorinated hydrocarbon pollutants can reach 99% to 100%, which almost achieved the purpose of complete removal. In the NaHSO3 modified Fenton oxidation system, the addition of NaHSO3 accelerates the cycle of Fe3+/Fe2+ and ensures the continuous existence of Fe2+ in the reaction system, thereby producing more ·OH and further oxidizing and degrading organic pollutants. Our work has provided important insights for this economically important treatment of this type water body and laid the foundation for the engineering of this method.

9.
Nat Plants ; 8(11): 1233-1244, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36376755

RESUMO

Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) is a major root crop worldwide. Sweet potato weevils (SPWs) pose one of the most significant challenges to sweet potato production in tropical and subtropical regions, causing deleterious economic and environmental effects. Characterizing the mechanisms underlying natural resistance to SPWs is therefore crucial; however, the genetic basis of host SPW resistance (SPWR) remains unclear. Here we obtained two sweet potato germplasm with high SPWR and, by map-based cloning, revealed two major SPW-resistant genes-SPWR1 and SPWR2-that are important regulators of natural defence against SPWs. The SPW-induced WRKY transcriptional factor SPWR1 directly activates the expression of SPWR2, and SPWR2, the conserved dehydroquinate synthase, promotes the accumulation of quinate derivative metabolites that confer SPWR in sweet potato. Generally, our results provide new insights into the molecular mechanism underlying sweet potato-SPW interactions and will aid future efforts to achieve eco-friendly SPW management.


Assuntos
Ipomoea batatas , Gorgulhos , Animais , Ipomoea batatas/genética , Gorgulhos/genética
10.
RSC Adv ; 12(47): 30262-30269, 2022 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36337976

RESUMO

Chlorobenzene (C6H5Cl) is a flammable liquid with high vapor activity, which is a severe threat to the environment and human health. Therefore, it is essential to develop a highly efficient sensor to detect C6H5Cl vapor. Herein, we developed a UiO-66 three-dimensional photonic crystal (3D PC) optical sensor and investigated its sensing properties toward the C6H5Cl vapor. The UiO-66 3D PCs optical sensor shows a high sensitivity of C6H5Cl vapor, in the concentrations range of 0-500 ppm, the reflectance intensity response to be 0.06% ppm with a good linear relationship, detection limit can reach 1.64 ppm and the quality factor is 10.8. Additionally, the UiO-66 3D PC optical sensor demonstrated great selectivity with the values of selectivity (S) varying from 2.24 to 10.65 for the C6H5Cl vapor as compared with carbon tetrachloride (CCl4), dichloromethane (CH2Cl2), 1,1,2-trichloroethane (C2H3Cl3), benzene (C6H6), deionized water (H2O), ethanol (C2H5OH) and methyl alcohol (CH3OH) vapors. Moreover, the UiO-66 3D PC optical sensor shows an ultrafast optical response time and recovery times of 0.5 s and 0.45 s with exceptional stability and repeatability to 500 ppm C6H5Cl vapor. These excellent sensing properties are attributed to the efficacy of signal transduction, increased porosity and gas adsorption sites, which are intrinsically endowed by the design of the 3D optical structure. The design and fabrication of this UiO-66 3D PC optical sensor might open up potential applications for the detection of the C6H5Cl vapor.

11.
Insect Sci ; 2022 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36326027

RESUMO

Cilia are microtubule-based, hair-like organelles involved in sensory function or motility, playing critical roles in many physiological processes such as reproduction, organ development, and sensory perception. In insects, cilia are restricted to certain sensory neurons and sperms, being important for chemical and mechanical sensing, and fertility. Although great progress has been made regarding the mechanism of cilia assembly, the formation of insect cilia remains poorly understand, even in the insect model organism Drosophila. Intraflagellar transport (IFT) is a cilia-specific complex that traffics protein cargos bidirectionally along the ciliary axoneme and is essential for most cilia. Here we investigated the role of IFT52, a core component of IFT-B, in cilia/flagellar formation of Drosophila. We show that Drosophila IFT52 is distributed along the sensory neuronal cilia, and is essential for sensory cilia formation. Deletion of Ift52 results in severe defects in cilia-related sensory behaviors. It should be noted that IFT52 is not detected in spermatocyte cilia or sperm flagella of Drosophila. Accordingly, ift52 mutants can produce sperms with normal motility, supporting a dispensable role of IFT in Drosophila sperm flagella formation. Altogether, IFT52 is a conserved protein essential for sensory cilia formation and sensory neuronal function in insects. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

12.
Evol Psychol ; 20(4): 14747049221140302, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36444138

RESUMO

In the course of human evolution, watching eyes have had an important influence on individual cooperative behavior. However, researchers have not explored how the valence of watching eyes affects cooperative behavior. Therefore, this study includes three studies to investigate the effect of watching eyes with different valences on cooperative behavior. The results showed that positive watching eyes (vs. negative watching eyes) induced positive emotions (PA) in the participants and thus increased their tendency to cooperate (Studies 1-2). The role of the decision maker (making decisions for oneself vs. making decisions on behalf of others) moderates the effect of watching eyes on cooperative behavior through emotion (Study 3). In conclusion, the valence of watching eyes significantly affects cooperation. This study not only further enriches research on environmental stimulation and cooperation but also provides inspiration and a reference for solving problems of cooperation in social dilemmas.


Assuntos
Comportamento Cooperativo , Sinais (Psicologia) , Humanos , Tomada de Decisões , Emoções
13.
Chemosphere ; 313: 137367, 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36427578

RESUMO

The chitosan-biochar composite is a clean and environmentally friendly immobilized microorganisms carrier. In this study, the chitosan-biochar composite as a carrier to immobilize a compound microbial agent contained Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus licheniformis, and investigated its role in the remediation of oil-contaminated soil. When using 1% (v/v) acetic acid, 3% (m/v) chitosan solution, 0.1% biochar, 4% (v/v) NaOH solution, freeze-drying 6 h, the optimal chitosan-biochar composite material could be obtained. The specific surfacearea of the material increased to 1.725 m2/g and the average pore size also increased from 130.2260 nm to 165.2980 nm after the addition of biochar through the analysis of specific surface area and pore size, which enlarged the contact area of microorganisms and crude oil with the material. SEM showed that the bacterial successfully adhered to the surface and internal of the material. Using FTIR, the results showed that the synthesis of composite carrier material was the covalent combination of -NH2 on chitosan and -COOH on biochar, forming a new chemical bond -NH-CO-. After 60 days of remediation of oil-contaminated soil, the removal rate of crude oil by chitosan-biochar composite immobilized microorganism method was 45.82%, which was 21.26% higher than that of natural remediation. Simultaneously, several oil-degrading bacteria increased at genus level, including Nocardioides (26.79%-33.09%), Bacillus (3.01%-4.10%), Dietzia (1.84%-5.56%), Pseudomonas (0-0.78%), among which Pseudomonas belongs to exogenous bacteria. The results indicated that the chitosan-biochar composite material has high application value in removing crude oil, and further provides a new strategy for bioremediation of oil-contaminated soil.

14.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 2022 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36198806

RESUMO

Pathogenic large inversions are rarely reported on DMD gene due to the lack of effective detection methods. Here we report two DMD pedigrees and proposed a reliable pipeline to define large inversions in DMD patients. In the first pedigree, conventional approaches including multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification, and whole-exome sequencing by next generation sequencing were failed to detect any pathologic variant. Then an advanced analysis pipeline which consists of RNA-seq, cDNA array capture sequencing, optical mapping, long-read sequencing was built. RNA-seq and cDNA capture sequencing showed a complete absence of transcripts of exons 3-55. Optical mapping identified a 55 Mb pericentric inversion between Xp21 and Xq21. Subsequently, long-read sequencing and Sanger sequencing determined the inversion breakpoints at 32,915,769 and 87,989,324 of the X chromosomes. In the second pedigree, long-read sequencing was directly conducted and Sanger sequencing was performed to verify the mutation. Long-read sequencing and Sanger sequencing found breakpoints at 32,581,576 and 127,797,236 on DMD gene directly. In conclusion, large inversion might be a rare but important mutation type in DMD gene. An effective pipeline was built in detecting large inversion mutations based on long-read sequencing platforms.

15.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 1030618, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36312268

RESUMO

Purpose: The study was designed to investigate the profile of plasma human growth cytokines in pediatric vasovagal syncope (VVS). Materials and methods: In the discovery set of the study, plasma human growth cytokines were measured using a Quantiboby Human Growth Factor Array in 24 VVS children and 12 healthy controls. Scatter and principal component analysis (PCA) diagrams were used to describe the samples, an unsupervised hierarchical clustering analysis was used to categorize the samples. Subsequently, the cytokines obtained from the screening assays were verified with a suspension cytokine array in the validation set of the study including 53 VVS children and 24 controls. Finally, the factors associated with pediatric VVS and the predictive value for the diagnosis of VVS were determined. Results: In the discovery study, the differential protein screening revealed that the plasma hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), transforming growth factor b1 (TGF-b1), insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP)-4, and IGFBP-1 in children suffering from VVS were higher than those of the controls (all adjust P- value < 0.05). However, the plasma IGFBP-6, epidermal growth factor (EGF), and IGFBP-3 in pediatric VVS were lower than those of the controls (all adjust P- value < 0.01). Meanwhile, the changes of 7 differential proteins were analyzed by volcano plot. Unsupervised hierarchical cluster analysis demonstrated that patients in the VVS group could be successfully distinguished from controls based on the plasma level of seven differential proteins. Further validation experiments showed that VVS patients had significantly higher plasma concentrations of HGF, IGFBP-1, and IGFBP-6, but lower plasma concentrations of EGF and IGFBP-3 than controls. The logistics regression model showed that increased plasma concentration of HGF and IGFBP-1 and decreased plasma concentration of EGF were correlated with the development of pediatric VVS. ROC curve analysis showed that the abovementioned 3 proteins were useful for assisting the diagnosis of VVS. Conclusion: Plasma human growth cytokine profiling changed in pediatric VVS. Elevated plasma concentrations of HGF and IGFBP-1, and decreased EGF were associated factors in the development of pediatric VVS. The abovementioned three proteins are helpful for the diagnosis of pediatric VVS.

16.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 58(85): 11969-11972, 2022 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36205536

RESUMO

We present AIMD simulations for the stability of boron-center salts, Mg[B(Ohfip)4]2 and Mg[B(Otfe)4]2, compared to Mg(TFSI)2, and provide a visible reaction process at the atomic level. -CF3 groups have a positive effect on the electrochemical performance, and C atoms do not easily fall off from the anion groups to form a SEI in Mg[B(Ohfip)4]2, which will help to find high-performance magnesium electrolytes.

17.
Opt Express ; 30(19): 34034-34042, 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36242425

RESUMO

Toroidal dipole resonance can significantly reduce radiation loss of materials, potentially improving sensor sensitivity. Generally, toroidal dipole response is suppressed by electric and magnetic dipoles in natural materials, making it difficult to observe experimentally. However, as 2D metamaterials, metasurfaces can weaken the electric and magnetic dipole, enhancing toroidal dipole response. Here, we propose a new graphene-integrated toroidal resonance metasurface as an ultra-sensitive chemical sensor, capable of qualitative detection of chlorothalonil in the terahertz region, down to a detection limit of 100 pg/mL. Our results demonstrate graphene-integrated toroidal resonance metasurfaces as a promising basis for ultra-sensitive, qualitative detection in chemical and biological sensing.


Assuntos
Grafite , Nitrilas
18.
Hortic Res ; 9: uhac146, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36072836

RESUMO

Fruit glossiness is an important external fruit quality trait for fresh-consumed cucumber fruit, affecting its marketability. Dull fruit appearance is mainly controlled by a single gene, D (for dull fruit) that is dominant to glossy fruit (dd), but the molecular mechanism controlling fruit glossiness is unknown. In the present study, we conducted map-based cloning of the D locus in cucumber and identified a candidate gene (Csa5G577350) that encodes a C2H2-type zinc finger transcription factor, CsDULL. A 4895-bp deletion including the complete loss of CsDULL resulted in glossy fruit. CsDULL is highly expressed in the peel of cucumber fruit, and its expression level is positively correlated with the accumulation of cutin and wax in the peel. Through transcriptome analysis, yeast one-hybrid and dual-luciferase assays, we identified two genes potentially targeted by CsDULL for regulation of cutin and wax biosynthesis/transportation that included CsGPAT4 and CsLTPG1. The possibility that CsDULL controls both fruit glossiness and wart development in cucumber is discussed. The present work advances our understanding of regulatory mechanisms of fruit epidermal traits, and provides a useful tool for molecular breeding to improve external fruit quality in cucumber.

19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(36): 41337-41347, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36053529

RESUMO

A strategy that relies on the differences in feeding behavior between pests and natural enemies to deliver insecticides precisely was proposed. After proving that the digestive enzymes in Lepidopteran pests can act as triggers for lignin-based controlled-release carriers, a novel multiple-enzyme-responsive lignin/polysaccharide/Fe nanocarrier was constructed by combining the electrostatic self-assembly and chelation and loaded with lambda-cyhalothrin (LC) to form a nanocapsule suspension loading system. The nanocapsules were LC@sodium lignosulfonate/chitosan/Fe (LC@SL/CS/Fe) and LC@sodium lignosulfonate/alkyl polyglycoside quaternary ammonium salt/Fe (LC@SL/APQAS/Fe). LC@SL/APQAS/Fe was more stable than LC@SL/CS/Fe because it adsorbs more Fe3+, and the half-lives of LC in LC@SL/APQAS/Fe under UV irradiation were prolonged at 4.02- and 6.03-folds than those of LC@SL/CS/Fe and LC emulsifiable concentrate (LC EC), respectively. Both LC@SL/APQAS/Fe and LC@SL/CS/Fe have responsive release functions to laccase and cellulase, and the release rate of the former was slower. The insecticidal activity of LC@SL/APQAS/Fe against Agrotis ipsilonis was similar to those of LC@SL/CS/Fe and LC EC, while the toxicity of LC@SL/APQAS/Fe to the natural enemy was 2-3 times less than those of LC@SL/CS/Fe and LC EC. Meanwhile, the organic solvent component in the nanocapsule suspension was 94% less than that in the EC preparation. Therefore, the nano loading system based on SL/APQAS/Fe is a promising nanoplatform with the advantages of high efficiency, low toxicity, and environmental friendliness.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Inseticidas , Nanocápsulas , Praguicidas , Lignina , Nitrilas , Piretrinas , Sódio
20.
Cells ; 11(17)2022 08 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078123

RESUMO

MCPH1 is the first gene identified to be responsible for the human autosomal recessive disorder primary microcephaly (MCPH). Mutations in the N-terminal and central domains of MCPH1 are strongly associated with microcephaly in human patients. A recent study showed that the central domain of MCPH1, which is mainly encoded by exon 8, interacts with E3 ligase ßTrCP2 and regulates the G2/M transition of the cell cycle. In order to investigate the biological functions of MCPH1's central domain, we constructed a mouse model that lacked the central domain of MCPH1 by deleting its exon 8 (designated as Mcph1-Δe8). Mcph1-Δe8 mice exhibited a reduced brain size and thinner cortex, likely caused by a compromised self-renewal capacity and premature differentiation of Mcph1-Δe8 neuroprogenitors during corticogenesis. Furthermore, Mcph1-Δe8 mice were sterile because of a loss of germ cells in the testis and ovary. The embryonic fibroblasts of Mcph1-Δe8 mice exhibited premature chromosome condensation (PCC). All of these findings indicate that Mcph1-Δe8 mice are reminiscent of MCPH1 complete knockout mice and Mcph1-ΔBR1 mice. Our study demonstrates that the central domain of MCPH1 represses microcephaly, and is essential for gonad development in mammals.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ciclo Celular , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto , Microcefalia , Animais , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Córtex Cerebral/metabolismo , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Feminino , Gônadas/metabolismo , Masculino , Mamíferos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Microcefalia/genética , Microcefalia/metabolismo
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