Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 65
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Chemistry ; 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31633825

RESUMO

Scintillator is a unique class of luminescent materials with specific applications towards radiation detection. The emitters within state-of-the-art scintillators are mostly limited to bismuth, cerium, europium, thallium, lead, tungsten etc. Shared feature in these elements is relative high atomic number responsible for high radiation stopping power and radiation-induced luminescence. Searching for new scintillating materials is an essential target aiming at specific applications. In this Concept article, we will discuss our recent works on the topic of "uranyl-bearing scintillators". As a vergin territory in this field, uranyl-bearing scintillator shows intrinsic merits for designing new materials with X-ray detection capability, i.e. the large photoelectric cross-section, high X-ray attenuation efficiency, and high crystal density. In addition, we also present the challenge in the further development on the uranyl-bearing scintillators.

2.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(78): 11715-11718, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31509115

RESUMO

When exposed to UV (365 nm, 2 mW) radiation, the bulk crystals of a two-dimensional metal-organic framework [Hphen]2[(UO2)2(ox)3] (1,phen = 1,10-phenanthroline, ox = oxalate) are exfoliated into thin sheets (2 µm) and its photoluminescence can be quenched in an incredibly sensitive manner, setting 1 as a superior UV-detection material. When upgrading the UV source into a 300 W xenon light source, the crystals of 1 can be further exfoliated into monolayer nanosheets (0.92 nm).

3.
Dalton Trans ; 48(34): 12808-12811, 2019 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348473

RESUMO

A unique selective crystallization strategy based on an iodate-sulfate mixed-anion system has been developed for lanthanide separation. Periodic divergences in crystal formation energy enable simple Nd/Dy, La/Lu, Gd/Tb, La/Dy, and Nd/Lu separations through crystallization of the early lanthanides, giving rise to separation factors up to 123(5), 100(2), 2.4(2), 137(9), and 85(6), respectively.

4.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2019 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31064178

RESUMO

Semiconductive metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have attracted extraordinary research interest in recent years; however, electronic applications based on these emerging materials are still in their infancy. Herein, we show that a lanthanide-based semiconductive MOF (SCU-12) can effectively convert X-ray photons to electrical current signals under continuous hard X-ray radiation. The semiconductive MOF-based polycrystalline detection device presents a promising X-ray sensitivity with the value of 23.8 µC Gyair-1 cm-2 under 80 kVp X-ray exposure, competitive with the commercially available amorphous selenium ( α-Se) detector. The lowest detectable X-ray dose rate is 0.705 µGy s-1, representing the record value among all X-ray detectors fabricated by polycrystalline materials. This work discloses the first demonstration of hard radiation detection by semiconductive MOFs, providing a horizon that can guide the synthesis of a new generation of radiation detection materials by taking the advantages of structural designability and property tunability in the MOF system.

5.
J AAPOS ; 23(2): 92.e1-92.e6, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30928365

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To study the effects of an individualized treatment approach to children with congenital microphthalmos and anophthalmos. METHODS: Patients with congenital microphthalmos or anopthalmos with orbital cysts who were referred to Beijing Tongren Hospital between July 2009 and July 2017 were included in this retrospective case series study. For patients ≤6 years of age, the cyst was retained to promote orbital development unless a prosthesis could not be fitted at all or disproportionate orbital growth was detected. Hydrogel orbit expanders were implanted initially if orbital volume was poor. For patients >6 years of age, the cyst was removed if it caused cosmetic problems or unsatisfactory prosthesis fitting. Eyelid procedures were performed after puberty to improve appearance. RESULTS: The study included 26 orbits of 24 patients. Of the 14 patients ≤6 years, 3 underwent cyst excision, 8 were treated with conformers only, and 3 had hydrogel orbit expander implantation initially. Of the 10 patients >6 years, 1 had the cyst removed, 5 had eyelid surgeries without removing the cyst, 3 wore an artificial eye without any surgery, and 1 used no prosthesis. During the follow-up period (range, 6 months to 8 years), 23 patients had a good cosmetic outcome and were eventually able to retain an ocular prosthesis; 1 patient could not wear prostheses but refused further treatment. No procedure-related complications were noted. CONCLUSIONS: The individualized treatment of congenital microphthalmos and anophthalmos with orbital cysts depends on the patient's age at presentation, the growth pattern of the cyst, and the volume of the affected orbit.

6.
Inorg Chem ; 58(4): 2807-2812, 2019 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30701969

RESUMO

Traditional inorganic X-ray scintillators are designed based on several representative metal ions (e.g., Tl+, Pb2+, Bi3+) with highly emissive nature and high atomic number aiming at the outstanding radiation stopping power. The combination of these two features gives rise to a high energy conversion efficiency from X-ray to visible emission, which is a prerequisite for an ideal scintillator and is currently one of the major limits for the further development of this field. Inspired by our recent observation on the intrinsic scintillating phenomenon in the heaviest naturally occurring element uranium, we report here a family of inorganic scintillators through combination of uranyl ions with diverse oxoanion groups (i.e., borate, phosphate, molybdate, germanate, etc.). Na2UO2(MoO4)2·(H2O) (UMO) is selected as a prototype of a uranyl-bearing inorganic scintillator, to show its intrinsic advantages in the X-ray excited luminescence (XEL), strong X-ray attenuation coefficient (XAC), reduced afterglow, and decent radiation stability, as compared with one of the most important commercial inorganic scintillators CsI:Tl.

7.
ACS Nano ; 12(11): 11541-11551, 2018 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30359515

RESUMO

Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are often related with poor prognosis after radiotherapy. Depleting TAMs may thus be a promising method to improve the radio-therapeutic efficacy. Herein, we report a biocompatible and biodegradable nanoplatform based on calcium bisphosphonate (CaBP-PEG) nanoparticles for chelator-free radiolabeling chemistry, effective in vivo depletion of TAMs, and imaging-guided enhanced cancer radioisotope therapy (RIT). It is found that CaBP-PEG nanoparticles prepared via a mineralization method with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) coating could be labeled with various radioisotopes upon simple mixing, including gamma-emitting 99mTc for single-photon-emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging, as well as beta-emitting 32P as a therapeutic radioisotope for RIT. Upon intravenous injection, CaBP(99mTc)-PEG nanoparticles exhibit efficient tumor homing, as evidenced by SPECT imaging. Owning to the function of bisphosphonates as clinical drugs to deplete TAMs, suppressed angiogenesis, normalized tumor vasculatures, enhanced intratumoral perfusion, and relieved tumor hypoxia are observed after TAM depletion induced by CaBP-PEG. Such modulated tumor microenvironment appears to be highly favorable for cancer RIT using CaBP(32P)-PEG as the radio-therapeutic agent, which offers excellent synergistic therapeutic effect in inhibiting the tumor growth. With great biocompatibility and multifunctionalities, such CaBP-PEG nanoparticles constituted by Ca2+ and a clinical drug would be rather attractive for clinical translation.

8.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 2018 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30352196

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence of normal tension glaucoma (NTG) in the Chinese population through systematic review and meta-analysis. DESIGN: systematic review and meta-analysis. MATERIALS AND METHOD: All Chinese population-based studies that reported the prevalence of NTG were identified. We searched in PubMed and Chinese databases including Wanfang, CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure) and VIP for studies published before December 31, 2017. Random effects meta-analysis was conducted to estimate the pooled prevalence of NTG. RESULTS: 12 studies were included in this review and meta-analysis, including 9 population-based studies and 3 studies from glaucoma clinics and managed-care networks. The 9 population-based studies included a total of 30,892 subjects with 498 primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients and 354 NTG patients. The prevalence of estimated NTG ranged from 0.36% to 1.98% and the percentage of NTG among POAG ranged from 51.43% to 83.58%. In the glaucoma clinic and managed-care network studies, NTG prevalence was much lower. The overall pooled proportion of NTG among POAG in the Chinese population was 70.0%, (95% CI: 62.0 to 77.0%). The overall pooled prevalence of POAG and NTG was 2.0% (95% CI: 1.0 to 2.0%) and 1.0% (95%CI: 1.0 to 1.0%), respectively. For the meta-regression of the NTG/POAG proportion, we found that age, gender, intraocular pressure (IOP) and China versus not China were not significantly associated with NTG/POAG prevalence, although the proportional prevalence decreased with increasing age category. CONCLUSIONS: in this systematic review, we found that NTG is very common among POAG subjects in the Chinese population. Our findings can help guide future glaucoma studies and public health guidelines in the Chinese population.

10.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 11(7): 1192-1197, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30046538

RESUMO

AIM: To access the 10-year fundus tessellation progression in patients with retinal vein occlusion. METHODS: The Beijing Eye Study 2001/2011 is a population-based longitudinal study. The study participants underwent a detailed physical and ophthalmic examination. Degree of fundus tessellation was graded by using fundus photographs of the macula and optic disc. Progression of fundus tessellation was calculated by fundus tessellation degree of 2011 minus degree of 2001. Fundus photographs were used for assessment of retinal vein occlusion. RESULTS: The Beijing Eye Study included 4403 subjects in 2001, 3468 subjects was repeated in 2011. Assessment of retinal vein obstruction and fundus tessellation progression were available for 2462 subjects (71.0%), with 66 subjects fulfilled the diagnosis of retinal vein occlusion. Of the 66 participants, 59 participants with unilateral branch retinal vein occlusion, 5 participants with unilateral central retinal vein occlusion, 1 participant with bilateral branch retinal vein occlusion, and 1 participant with branch retinal vein occlusion in one eye and central retinal vein occlusion in the other eye. Mean degree of peripapillary fundus tessellation progression were significantly higher in the whole retinal vein occlusion group (0.33±0.39, P<0.001), central retinal vein occlusion group (0.71±0.8, P=0.025) and branch retinal vein occlusion group (0.29±0.34, P=0.006) than the control group (0.20±0.26). After adjustment for age, prevalence of tilted disc, change of best corrected visual acuity, axial length, progression of peripapillary fundus tessellation was associated with the presence of retinal vein occlusion (P=0.004; regression coefficient B, 0.094; 95%CI, 0.029, 0.158; standardized coefficient B, 0.056). As a corollary, after adjusting for smoking duration, systolic blood pressure, anterior corneal curvature, prevalence of RVO was associated with more peripapillary fundus tessellation progression (P<0.001; regression coefficient B: 1.257; OR: 3.517; 95%CI: 1.777, 6.958). CONCLUSION: Peripapillary fundus tessellation progresses faster in individuals with retinal vein occlusion. This may reflect the thinning and hypoperfusion of choroid in patients with retinal vein occlusion.

11.
Inorg Chem ; 57(15): 8714-8717, 2018 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30043611

RESUMO

A luminescent lanthanide metal-organic framework [Tb7(OH)8(H2O)6(IDA)3(COO)3]·4Cl·2H2O (Tb-IDA, IDA = iminodiacetic acid) was hydrothermally synthesized and structurally characterized. Monitoring ultraviolet radiation was achieved by correlating the dosage with the luminescence color change in doped Gd99Tb0.1Eu0.9-IDA compound. A linear relationship is developed across a broad range from blue to yellow within a CIE chromaticity diagram.

12.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(18): 15364-15368, 2018 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29694784

RESUMO

Real-time and accurate detection of pH in aqueous solution is of great significance in chemical, environmental, and engineering-related fields. We report here the use of 8-hydroxyquinoline-functionalized covalent organic framework (COF-HQ) for dual-mode pH sensing. In the fluorescent mode, the emission intensity of COF-HQ weakened as the pH decreased, and also displayed a good linear relationship against pH in the range from 1 to 5. In addition, COF-HQ showed discernible color changes from yellow to black as the acidity increased and can be therefore used as a colorimetric pH sensor. All these changes are reversible and COF-HQ can be recycled for multiple detection runs owing to its high hydrolytical stability. It can be further assembled into a mixed matrix membrane for practical applications.

13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(35): 4429-4432, 2018 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29651483

RESUMO

Although no evident hydrogen-bond network appears, an ultrahigh proton conductivity of 2.91 × 10-2 S cm-1 at 363 K and 90% RH with an ultralow activation energy of 0.10 eV was observed in an anionic lanthanide-organic framework Na2[Eu(SDB)2(COO)]·0.375DMF·0.4H2O (1); both values approach the records among all reported proton-conducting MOF materials. This suggests that the proton conduction process in 1 is reminiscent of the Grotthuss mechanism, which together reveals an effective proton transportation pathway associated with aligned Na+ and their coordinated water.

14.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 57(26): 7883-7887, 2018 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29600818

RESUMO

The combination of high atomic number and high oxidation state in UVI materials gives rise to both high X-ray attenuation efficiency and intense green luminescence originating from ligand-to-metal charge transfer. These two features suggest that UVI materials might act as superior X-ray scintillators, but this postulate has remained substantially untested. Now the first observation of intense X-ray scintillation in a uranyl-organic framework (SCU-9) that is observable by the naked eye is reported. Combining the advantage in minimizing the non-radiative relaxation during the X-ray excitation process over those of inorganic salts of uranium, SCU-9 exhibits a very efficient X-ray to green light luminescence conversion. The luminescence intensity shows an essentially linear correlation with the received X-ray intensity, and is comparable with that of commercially available CsI:Tl. SCU-9 possesses an improved X-ray attenuation efficiency (E>20 keV) as well as enhanced radiation resistance and decreased hygroscopy compared to CsI:Tl.

15.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 57(20): 5783-5787, 2018 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29601119

RESUMO

Actinide based metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are unique not only because compared to the transition-metal and lanthanide systems they are substantially less explored, but also owing to the uniqueness of actinide ions in bonding and coordination. Now a 3D thorium-organic framework (SCU-11) contains a series of cages with an effective size of ca. 21×24 Å. Th4+ in SCU-11 is 10-coordinate with a bicapped square prism coordination geometry, which has never been documented for any metal cation complexes. The bicapped position is occupied by two coordinated water molecules that can be removed to afford a very unique open Th4+ site, confirmed by X-ray diffraction, color change, thermogravimetry, and spectroscopy. The degassed phase (SCU-11-A) exhibits a Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area of 1272 m2 g-1 , one of the highest values among reported actinide materials, enabling it to sufficiently retain water vapor, Kr, and Xe with uptake capacities of 234 cm3 g-1 , 0.77 mmol g-1 , 3.17 mmol g-1 , respectively, and a Xe/Kr selectivity of 5.7.

16.
Inorg Chem ; 57(4): 1880-1887, 2018 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29394064

RESUMO

The coexistence of radioactive contaminants (e.g., thorium, uranium, and their daughters) in rare earth minerals introduces significant environmental, economic, and technological hurdles in modern rare earth production. Efficient, low cost, and green decontamination strategies are therefore desired to ameliorate this problem. We report here a single-step and quantitative decontamination strategy of thorium from rare earths based on a unique periodic trend in the formation of crystalline selenite compounds across the lanthanide series, where Ce(III) is fully oxidized in situ to Ce(IV). This gives rise to a crystallization system that is highly selective to trap tetravalent f-blocks while all other trivalent lanthanides completely remain in solution when coexist. These results are bolstered by first-principles calculations of lattice energies and an examination of bonding in these compounds. This system is contrasted with typical natural and synthetic systems, where trivalent and tetravalent f-block elements often cocrystallize. The separation factors after one round of crystallization were determined from binary systems of Th(IV)/La(III), Th(IV)/Eu(III), and Th(IV)/Yb(III) to reach 2.1 × 105, 1.2 × 105, and 9 × 104, respectively. Selective crystallization of thorium from a simulated monazite composite yields a separation factor of 1.9 × 103 with nearly quantitative removal of thorium.

17.
Inorg Chem ; 57(2): 575-582, 2018 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29297683

RESUMO

There have been numerous studies on emission-color regulation by the adjustment of molar amounts of multiple trivalent lanthanide cations, such as Eu3+, Tb3+, Dy3+, and others, in many types of solid host materials. Although uranyl emission originating from charge-transfer transitions has been well-recognized and investigated for many decades, as of now there is no report on tunable 4f/5f bimodal emission based on heterobimetallic lanthanide(III) and uranyl(VI) compounds. In most cases, complete energy transfer between uranyl(VI) and lanthanide(III) centers was observed. In this work, a series of isotypic-europium-incorporated uranyl coordination polymers, Eu@UO2L(DMF) (L2- = 3,5-pyridinedicarboxylate, denoted as 1-10, which represent the different Eu contents in UO2L(DMF); DMF = N,N-dimethylformamide), has been synthesized by solvothermal reactions. Crystallographic evidence of this series unveiled one-dimensional chains of UO22+ as pentagonal-bipyramidal units bridged by pyridinedicarboxylate with no defined, crystallographically unique site containing Eu, even for the products with high concentrations of Eu in this series. However, emission bands characteristic of Eu3+ were clearly observed in every product along with the characteristic uranyl-emission feature when observed with UV-vis fluorescence spectroscopy. Laser-ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry indicated that europium was concomitant with uranium, corroborating the incorporation of europium into crystals of UO2L(DMF). Systematic control of the solvent ratio (VH2O/VDMF) in each reaction gives rise to an enrichment of Eu3+ in the interior of UO2L(DMF). In addition, the color of emission of these compounds changed significantly from bright red to bright green with decreasing Eu content. This phenomenon occurs from the highly efficient energy transfer between the UO22+ and Eu3+ centers within each sample, providing the first case of a tunable 4f/5f bimodal emission in a mixed 4f/5f-elements-bearing metal-organic-hybrid material.

18.
Inorg Chem ; 56(21): 13041-13050, 2017 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28991439

RESUMO

f-element-bearing iodate compounds are a large family mostly synthesized by hydrothermal reactions starting with actinide/lanthanide ions and iodic acid or iodate salt. In this work, we introduce melting periodic acid flux as a new reaction medium and provide a safe way for single-crystal growth of a series of new f-element iodate compounds including UO2(IO3)2·H2O (1), UO2(IO3)2(H2O)·HIO3 (2), α-Th(IO3)2(NO3)(OH) (3), ß-Th(IO3)2(NO3)(OH) (4), and (H3O)9Nd9(IO3)36·3HIO3 (5). The structures of these compounds deviate from those afforded from hydrothermal reactions. Specifically, compounds 1 and 2 exhibit pillared structures consisting of uranyl pentagonal bipyramids and iodate trigonal pyramids. Compounds 3 and 4 represent two new thorium iodate compounds that are constructed from subunits of thorium dimers. Compound 5 exhibits a flower-shaped trivalent lanthanide iodate structure with HIO3 molecules and H3O+ cations filled in the channels. The aliovalent replacement of f elements in 5 is available from a hydrothermal process, further generating compounds of Th2(IO3)8(H2O) (6) and Ce2(IO3)8(H2O) (7). The distinct absorption features are observed in isotypic compounds 5-7, where 7 shows typical semiconductor behavior with a band gap of 2.43 eV. Remarkably, noncentrosymmetric 1, 6, and 7 exhibit strong second-harmonic-generation efficiencies of 1.3, 3.2, and 9.2 times, respectively, that of the commercial material KH2PO4. Additionally, the temperature-dependent emission spectra of 1 and 2 were also collected showing typical emission features of uranyl units and a negative correlation between the intensities of the emissions with temperature. Clearly, the presented low-temperature melting inorganic acid flux synthesis would provide a facile and effective strategy to produce a large new family of structurally versatile and multifunctional f-element inorganic compounds.

19.
J Am Chem Soc ; 139(42): 14873-14876, 2017 10 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28985681

RESUMO

Effective and selective removal of 99TcO4- from aqueous solution is highly desirable for both waste partitioning and contamination remediation purposes in the modern nuclear fuel cycle, but is of significant challenge. We report here a hydrolytically stable and radiation-resistant cationic metal-organic framework (MOF), SCU-101, exhibiting extremely fast removal kinetics, exceptional distribution coefficient, and high sorption capacity toward TcO4-. More importantly, this material can selectively remove TcO4- in the presence of large excesses of NO3- and SO42-, as even 6000 times of SO42- in excess does not significantly affect the sorption of TcO4-. These superior features endow that SCU-101 is capable of effectively separating TcO4- from Hanford low-level waste melter off-gas scrubber simulant stream. The sorption mechanism is directly unraveled by the single crystal structure of TcO4--incorporated SCU-101, as the first reported crystal structure to display TcO4- trapped in a sorbent material. A recognition site for the accommodation of TcO4- is visualized and is consistent with the DFT analysis results, while no such site can be resolved for other anions.

20.
BMC Neurol ; 17(1): 188, 2017 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28962603

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ultrasonograpic retrobulbar optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) measurement is considered to be an alternative noninvasive method to estimate intracranial pressure,but the further validation is urgently needed. The aim of the current study was to investigate the association of the ultrasonographic ONSD and intracranial pressure (ICP) in patients. METHODS: One hundred and ten patients whose intracranial pressure measured via lumbar puncture were enrolled in the study. Their retrobulbar ONSD with B-scan ultrasound was determined just before lumber puncture. The correlation between the ICP and the body mass index (BMI), ONSD or age was established respectively with the Pearson correlation coefficient analysis. The discriminant analysis was used to obtain a discriminant formula for predicting ICP with the ONSD、BMI、gender and age. Another 20 patients were recruited for further validation the efficiency of this discriminant equation. RESULTS: The mean ICP was 215.3 ± 81.2 mmH2O. ONSD was 5.70 ± 0.80 mm in the right eye and 5.80 ± 0.77 mm in the left eye. A significant correlation was found between ICP and BMI (r = 0.554, p < 0.001), the mean ONSD (r = 0.61, P < 0.001), but not with age (r = -0.131, p = 0.174) and gender (r = 0.03, p = 0.753). Using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, the critical value for the risk mean-ONSD was 5.6 mm from the ROC curve, with the sensitivity of 86.2% and specificity of 73.1%. With 200 mmH2O as the cutoff point for a high or low ICP, stepwise discriminant was applied, the sensitivity and specificity of ONSD predicting ICP was 84.5%-85.7% and 86.5%-92.3%. CONCLUSIONS: Ophthalmic ultrasound measurement of ONSD may be a good surrogate of invasive ICP measurement. This non-invasive method may be an alternative approach to predict the ICP value of patients whose ICP measurement via lumbar puncture are in high risk. The discriminant formula, which incorporated the factor of BMI, had similar sensitivity and higher specificity than the ROC curve.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Intracraniana/diagnóstico , Pressão Intracraniana/fisiologia , Nervo Óptico/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuroimagem , Órbita , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Punção Espinal , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA