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1.
J Toxicol Sci ; 45(3): 163-175, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32147639

RESUMO

The benefits and adverse effects of immunosuppressive drugs (ISDs) in patients with paraquat (PQ) poisoning have not been thoroughly assessed. This meta-analysis study aims to evaluate the effect of ISDs in patients with moderate to severe PQ poisoning. We searched PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Ovid Medline, CNKI and Wanfang Data from inception to January 2019. The Mantel-Haenszel method with a random-effects model was used to calculate the pooled relative risks (RRs) and 95% Confidence Intervals (CIs) as described by DerSimonian and Laird. An L'Abbé plot was drawn to explore the relationship between the degree of poisoning and mortality. Four randomized controlled trials, two prospective and seven retrospective studies were identified. ISDs were significantly associated with reduced mortality (RR 0.76; 95% CI, 0.58-0.99) and the incidence rate of multiple-organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) (RR 0.63; 95% CI, 0.48-0.83) in patients with moderate to severe PQ poisoning. They were not associated with an increased incidence rate of hepatitis and reduced incidence rate of acute renal failure and hypoxia. The L'Abbé plot results showed a slight increase in mortality rate in the ISD group with increased mortality in the placebo group. This indicates a possible advantage of ISDs in most of the patients with severe PQ poisoning. These findings suggest that ISDs may reduce the mortality and incidence rate of MODS in moderate to severe PQ poisoning patients, and severe PQ poisoning patients might benefit more from ISDs.

2.
Ultramicroscopy ; 212: 112976, 2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32217349

RESUMO

Convergent beam electron diffraction is routinely applied for studying deformation and local strain in thick crystals by matching the crystal structure to the observed intensity distributions. Recently, it has been demonstrated that CBED can be applied for imaging two-dimensional (2D) crystals where a direct reconstruction is possible and three-dimensional crystal deformations at a nanometre resolution can be retrieved. Here, we demonstrate that second-order effects allow for further information to be obtained regarding stacking arrangements between the crystals. Such effects are especially pronounced in samples consisting of multiple layers of 2D crystals. We show, using simulations and experiments, that twisted multilayer samples exhibit extra modulations of interference fringes in CBED patterns, i. e., a CBED moiré. A simple and robust method for the evaluation of the composition and the number of layers from a single-shot CBED pattern is demonstrated.

3.
J Comput Chem ; 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045021

RESUMO

The popular method of calculating the noncovalent interaction energies at the coupled-cluster single-, double-, and perturbative triple-excitations [CCSD(T)] theory level in the complete basis set (CBS) limit was to add a CCSD(T) correction term to the CBS second-order Møller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2). The CCSD(T) correction term is the difference between the CCSD(T) and MP2 interaction energies evaluated in a medium basis set. However, the CCSD(T) calculations with the medium basis sets are still very expensive for systems with more than 30 atoms. Comparatively, the domain-based local pair natural orbital coupled-cluster method [DLPNO-CCSD(T)] can be applied to large systems with over 1,000 atoms. Considering both the computational accuracy and efficiency, in this work, we propose a new scheme to calculate the CCSD(T)/CBS interaction energies. In this scheme, the MP2/CBS term keeps intact and the CCSD(T) correction term is replaced by a DLPNO-CCSD(T) correction term which is the difference between the DLPNO-CCSD(T) and DLPNO-MP2 interaction energies evaluated in a medium basis set. The interaction energies of the noncovalent systems in the S22, HSG, HBC6, NBC10, and S66 databases were recalculated employing this new scheme. The consistent and tight settings of the truncation parameters for DLPNO-CCSD(T) and DLPNO-MP2 in this noncanonical CCSD(T)/CBS calculations lead to the maximum absolute deviation and root-mean-square deviation from the canonical CCSD(T)/CBS interaction energies of less than or equal to 0.28 kcal/mol and 0.09 kcal/mol, respectively. The high accuracy and low cost of this new computational scheme make it an excellent candidate for the study of large noncovalent systems.

4.
Adv Mater ; 32(1): e1905504, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736228

RESUMO

2D hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) is a wide-bandgap van der Waals crystal with a unique combination of properties, including exceptional strength, large oxidation resistance at high temperatures, and optical functionalities. Furthermore, in recent years hBN crystals have become the material of choice for encapsulating other 2D crystals in a variety of technological applications, from optoelectronic and tunneling devices to composites. Monolayer hBN, which has no center of symmetry, is predicted to exhibit piezoelectric properties, yet experimental evidence is lacking. Here, by using electrostatic force microscopy, this effect is observed as a strain-induced change in the local electric field around bubbles and creases, in agreement with theoretical calculations. No piezoelectricity is found in bilayer and bulk hBN, where the center of symmetry is restored. These results add piezoelectricity to the known properties of monolayer hBN, which makes it a desirable candidate for novel electromechanical and stretchable optoelectronic devices, and pave a way to control the local electric field and carrier concentration in van der Waals heterostructures via strain. The experimental approach used here also shows a way to investigate the piezoelectric properties of other materials on the nanoscale by using electrostatic scanning probe techniques.

5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(11): 2191-2196, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359641

RESUMO

Classical prescriptions are precious wealth left by ancient Chinese medical scientists. Moreover,they are also the important part of the treasure-house in Chinese medicine. Classical prescriptions have a long and rich history for human-use in China and play an important role in keeping people healthy. The state administration of traditional medicine of China published the Catalogue of Classical Prescriptions(first batch) in 2018. This measure has inspired the enthusiasm of Chinese medicine manufacturers to study ancient classical prescriptions and develop classical compound prescriptions. Based on the first batch of classical prescriptions, the dosage forms, sources, prescription components, decocting degree, use of toxic drugs and processing methods of classical prescriptions. The results showed that most of the classical prescriptions in the first batch were decoction and boiled powder,while only four of them were powder and paste forms,all of which were originated from representative classics in the past dynasties. The dosage and decocting degree of decoction were greater than those of boiled powder. The dosage and decocting degree of decoction in Han and Tang Dynasties was close to that in Ming and Qing Dynasties,higher than that in Song and Jin Dynasties. Moreover,the average number of herbs in the prescriptions in Han Dynasty was the smallest. The use of toxic traditional Chinese medicine was the most frequent in Han Dynasty, and Pinellia ternata was the most common toxic medicine. There were various processing methods, including cleansing, cutting, stir-frying, roasting and so on. In this paper, the dosage forms of traditional paste, the time concept of decoction in the ancient times, the traditional roasting method and the processing method of toxic drugs were summarized to provide ideas and reference for further development of classical prescriptions.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , China
6.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(4): 1786-1797, 2019 03 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31137185

RESUMO

The paper investigates the steady state bifurcation analysis in a general Ronsenzwing-MacArthur predator prey model with two prey-taxis under Neumann boundary conditions. The results show that the rich dynamics in predator prey systems with two prey taxis.


Assuntos
Cadeia Alimentar , Modelos Biológicos , Comportamento Predatório , Algoritmos , Animais , Simulação por Computador , Ecossistema , Dinâmica Populacional
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(2): e14027, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30633195

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatic function is closely associated with prognosis in patients with hepatocellular cancer (HCC). In this study, a meta-analysis of the published studies was performed to assess the prognostic value of ALBI grade in HCC patients. METHODS: Databases, including PubMed, EMbase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were retrieved up to August 2018. The primary outcome was OS and secondary outcome was DFS, the prognostic impact of which was assessed by using hazard ratio (HRs) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The enrolled studies were analyzed by using STATA version 12.0 software. RESULTS: A total of 22,911 patients with HCC in 32 studies were included. Our results demonstrated that high pretreatment ALBI is associated with poor OS (HR = 1.719, 95%CI: 1.666-1.771, P = .000, univariate results; HR = 1.602, 95%CI: 1.470-1.735, P = .000, multivariate results) and poor DFS (HR = 1.411, 95%CI: 1.262-1.561, P = .000, univariate results; HR = 1.264, 95%CI: 1.042-1.485, P = .000, multivariate results). Meanwhile, when the analysis was stratified into subgroups, such as treatment methods, sample size, geographic area, and ALBI grade, the significant correlation in ALBI and poor long-term survival was not altered. CONCLUSION: High pretreatment ALBI is closely associated with poor prognosis in HCC, and High ALBI should be treated as an ideal predictor during hepatocellular therapy.


Assuntos
Bilirrubina/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Albumina Sérica , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Humanos , Prognóstico
9.
Sci Adv ; 5(12): eaay8897, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32064323

RESUMO

When two-dimensional (2D) atomic crystals are brought into close proximity to form a van der Waals heterostructure, neighbouring crystals may influence each other's properties. Of particular interest is when the two crystals closely match and a moiré pattern forms, resulting in modified electronic and excitonic spectra, crystal reconstruction, and more. Thus, moiré patterns are a viable tool for controlling the properties of 2D materials. However, the difference in periodicity of the two crystals limits the reconstruction and, thus, is a barrier to the low-energy regime. Here, we present a route to spectrum reconstruction at all energies. By using graphene which is aligned to two hexagonal boron nitride layers, one can make electrons scatter in the differential moiré pattern which results in spectral changes at arbitrarily low energies. Further, we demonstrate that the strength of this potential relies crucially on the atomic reconstruction of graphene within the differential moiré super cell.

10.
Opt Express ; 26(16): 20430-20441, 2018 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30119353

RESUMO

The laser performance of a high-power ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier is mainly hindered by the onset of mode instability. In this work, the slope efficiency and mode instability threshold of the ytterbium-doped fiber under various gamma-ray radiation doses have been measured. Experimental results reveal that gamma-ray radiation-induced photodarkening degrades mode instability severely, and gamma-ray radiation-induced mode instability degradation can be partly bleached by hours of pump-light injection. It is shown that gamma-ray radiation-induced photodarkening results in a steep reduction of slope efficiency and mode instability threshold; moreover, the entire irradiated fiber can be partly bleached by hours of pump-light injection and exhibits both time and gamma-ray radiation-dose saturation properties. The experimental results indicate that mode instability mitigation can be partly realized by pump-light injection and implies photodarkening suppression is beneficial for TMI mitigation, which is very promising for the advancement of high-power fiber lasers.

11.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 115(29): 7473-7478, 2018 07 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29970422

RESUMO

The van der Waals heterostructures, which explore the synergetic properties of 2D materials when assembled into 3D stacks, have already brought to life a number of exciting phenomena and electronic devices. Still, the interaction between the layers in such assembly, possible surface reconstruction, and intrinsic and extrinsic defects are very difficult to characterize by any method, because of the single-atomic nature of the crystals involved. Here we present a convergent beam electron holographic technique which allows imaging of the stacking order in such heterostructures. Based on the interference of electron waves scattered on different crystals in the stack, this approach allows one to reconstruct the relative rotation, stretching, and out-of-plane corrugation of the layers with atomic precision. Being holographic in nature, our approach allows extraction of quantitative information about the 3D structure of the typical defects from a single image covering thousands of square nanometers. Furthermore, qualitative information about the defects in the stack can be extracted from the convergent diffraction patterns even without reconstruction, simply by comparing the patterns in different diffraction spots. We expect that convergent beam electron holography will be widely used to study the properties of van der Waals heterostructures.

12.
Opt Lett ; 43(5): 1075-1078, 2018 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29489784

RESUMO

We demonstrate the almost complete 2 µm laser power recovery of the gamma-ray-irradiated thulium (Tm)-doped silica fiber under deuterium loading. The optical-optical slope efficiency and the cladding absorption spectra of the Tm-doped fiber with gamma-ray irradiation and deuterium treatment have been measured for comparison. It was found that the slope efficiency of the irradiated Tm-doped fiber could be recovered to 96.1% of the pristine after deuterium bleaching, which significantly degraded from 60.7% to 25.3% after irradiation. Meanwhile, the additional absorption attenuation of the irradiated Tm-doped with D2 treatment completely vanished. Based on the comprehensive comparison of cladding absorption spectra, the probable mechanism of the deuterium bleaching effect on irradiated Tm-doped fiber has also been discussed.

13.
Int J Psychophysiol ; 123: 199-206, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28843609

RESUMO

As N270 has been widely shown to be sensitive to nonsocial information conflict, the present study investigated whether social information conflict can elicit increased N270 in either explicit or implicit processing conditions. Gender stereotype-related picture-word pairs and picture-word pairs in specific colors were used as social and nonsocial information, respectively. Participants performed an explicit task based on the S1-S2 paradigm in Study 1, and both social and nonsocial information conditions elicited larger N270 than the no-conflict condition. In Study 2, participants performed a word judgment task that was modified from the S1-S2 paradigm of Study 1. However, neither social information nor nonsocial information elicited larger N270 within the conflict condition. Social trials generally elicited a more negative ERP waveform than nonsocial trials overall. These findings suggest that N270 may reflect the processing of social information conflict only in explicit conditions and also that the cognitive basis of N270 is thus a general but explicit processing of working memory representation conflict.


Assuntos
Potenciais Evocados/fisiologia , Idioma , Memória de Curto Prazo/fisiologia , Tempo de Reação/fisiologia , Percepção Social , Estereotipagem , Percepção Visual/fisiologia , Adulto , Eletroencefalografia , Reconhecimento Facial/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Leitura , Adulto Jovem
14.
Front Plant Sci ; 8: 1073, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28616014

RESUMO

[This corrects the article on p. 1645 in vol. 7, PMID: 27857719.].

15.
Front Plant Sci ; 7: 1645, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27857719

RESUMO

In agriculture, seed mass is one of the most important components related to seed yield. MINISEED3 (MINI3) which encodes the transcriptional activator WRKY10, is thought to be a pivotal regulator of seed mass. In Arabidopsis SHORT HYPOCOTYL UNDER BLUE1 (SHB1) associates with the promoter of MINI3, regulating embryo cell proliferation (both cell division and elongation), which, in turn, modulates seed mass. Furthermore, the recruitment of SHB1 via MINI3 to both its cognate promoter and that of IKU2 implies a two-step amplification for countering the low expression level of IKU2, which is thought to function as a molecular switch for seed cavity enlargement. However, it is largely unknown how embryo cell proliferation, which encompasses both cell division and elongation, is regulated by SHB1 and MINI3 function. Here, we show that a loss of function mutation within the transcriptional coactivator ANGUSTIFOLIA3 (AN3), increases seed mass. Further, AN3 associates with the MINI3 promoter in vivo. Genetic evidence indicates that the absence of MINI3 function suppresses the decrease of cell number observed in an3-4 mutants by regulating cell division and in turn inhibits increased cell size of the an3-4 line by controlling cell elongation. Thus, seed embryo development is modulated via an AN3-MINI3 gene cascade. This regulatory model provides a deeper understanding of seed mass regulation, which may in turn lead to increased crop yields.

16.
J Phys Chem A ; 120(28): 5766-72, 2016 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27366821

RESUMO

Noncovalent interactions between aromatic compounds and fullerenes have received considerable attention in various fields of science and technology. Employing benzene (C6H6) and C60 fullerene as model molecules, we theoretically explored in the present study the nature of this kind of noncovalent interaction. Our results clearly show that the π···π stacking configurations of the complex C6H6···C60 are more strongly bound than in the C-H···π analogues, and the C-H···π interactions in the C-H···π configurations of C6H6···C60 are not of the hydrogen bonds. According to symmetry adapted perturbation theory analyses, all of the configurations of C6H6···C60 are dominated by dispersion forces. The percentage of the dispersion components in the overall attractive interactions for the π···π stacking configurations is smaller than the percentage of the dispersion components in the overall attractive interactions for the C-H···π configurations, whereas the percentage of the electrostatic terms in the overall attractive interactions for the π···π stacking configurations is larger than the percentage of the electrostatic terms in the overall attractive interactions for the C-H···π configurations. This is distinctly different from the case of the benzene dimer.

17.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 27(11): 3495-3504, 2016 Nov 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29696846

RESUMO

Evapotranspiration (ET) is an important component of water cycle, but its measurement in high altitude mountainous region is quite difficult, resulting in the poor understanding of the temporal and spatial variations of actual ET in high altitude mountainous region. In this paper, a weighing lysimeter was used to measure the hourly ET in a grassland in the Pailugou basin in the upper reach of the Heihe River, Northwest China. Based on the measured data, diurnal variations of grassland ET over different periods were analyzed. Results indicated that snow and ice sublimation appeared during the freezing period, with a very different diurnal variation pattern compared with other three periods. During the period without sunshine, the amount of snow and ice sublimation was nearly constant. When the highest global radiation and lowest relative humidity appeared in the same period, the amount of snow and ice sublimation increased a little. The early growth period was a period when snow and ice started to melt, during which snowmelt evaporation and soil evaporation occurred at the same time. The growth period had the highest ET rate. Due to continuous rainfall events, maximum and minimum ET values appeared at the same hour. ET in the late growth period mainly came from soil evaporation, producing 3 peaks in diurnal variation, which was different from only one peak in both the early growth period and the growth period.


Assuntos
Pradaria , Periodicidade , Transpiração Vegetal , China , Gelo , Rios , Estações do Ano , Neve , Solo , Água
18.
J Chem Phys ; 143(11): 114312, 2015 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26395710

RESUMO

High-level coupled cluster singles, doubles, and perturbative triples [CCSD(T)] computations with up to the aug-cc-pVQZ basis set (1924 basis functions) and various extrapolations toward the complete basis set (CBS) limit are presented for the sandwich, T-shaped, and parallel-displaced benzene⋯naphthalene complex. Using the CCSD(T)/CBS interaction energies as a benchmark, the performance of some newly developed wave function and density functional theory methods has been evaluated. The best performing methods were found to be the dispersion-corrected PBE0 functional (PBE0-D3) and spin-component scaled zeroth-order symmetry-adapted perturbation theory (SCS-SAPT0). The success of SCS-SAPT0 is very encouraging because it provides one method for energy component analysis of π-stacked complexes with 200 atoms or more. Most newly developed methods do, however, overestimate the interaction energies. The results of energy component analysis show that interaction energies are overestimated mainly due to the overestimation of dispersion energy.

19.
Opt Express ; 23(19): 24236-45, 2015 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26406629

RESUMO

Tm-doped fiber laser or amplifier can be applied in varied adverse environments. In this work, we demonstrate the pump bleaching of Tm-doped silica fiber with 793nm pump source under gamma-ray irradiation in the range 50Gy-675Gy. The recovery time, the fiber slope efficiency and the fiber cladding absorption spectra after irradiation and bleaching have been measured. It is found that the recovery time and radiation induce absorption are positively associated with doses, however, the fiber slope efficiency of irradiated TDF and bleached TDF are both negatively correlated with doses. Based on the simulation of the fiber core temperature, the probable mechanism of pump bleaching is also discussed.

20.
J Comput Chem ; 36(23): 1763-71, 2015 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26138440

RESUMO

Selecting the saturated graphene fragment as a model of graphene, we have investigated seven popular density functionals, including ωB97X-D, B97-D, B-LYP-D3, M05-2X, M06-2X, M11-L, and N12, for their performance in describing the adsorption of aromatic molecules on graphene. The best performing functionals are B97-D, B-LYP-D3, and ωB97X-D. M05-2X, M06-2X, and M11-L significantly underestimate the adsorption strengths, while N12 fails completely in this respect. The effects of the basis sets and size of the saturated graphene fragments on the geometries, energies, and properties for the adsorption of aromatic molecules on graphene have also been studied. It was found that the small basis sets such as 6-31G(d) and jun-cc-pVDZ are not suitable for the accurate description of the adsorption of aromatic molecules on graphene. The size of selected graphene fragments has a little effect on both the ωB97X-D and SCS-SAPT0 interaction energies, but the effects of the size of selected graphene fragments on the energy components are significant in some cases of the adsorption of aromatic molecules on graphene. The surprising weakness of electrostatic interactions by F substitution for the adsorption of F-substituted benzenes on graphene was explained using the energy component analysis.

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