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1.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5026, 2021 08 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34408158

RESUMO

Nationwide prospective surveillance of all-age patients with acute respiratory infections was conducted in China between 2009‒2019. Here we report the etiological and epidemiological features of the 231,107 eligible patients enrolled in this analysis. Children <5 years old and school-age children have the highest viral positivity rate (46.9%) and bacterial positivity rate (30.9%). Influenza virus, respiratory syncytial virus and human rhinovirus are the three leading viral pathogens with proportions of 28.5%, 16.8% and 16.7%, and Streptococcus pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Klebsiella pneumoniae are the three leading bacterial pathogens (29.9%, 18.6% and 15.8%). Negative interactions between viruses and positive interactions between viral and bacterial pathogens are common. A Join-Point analysis reveals the age-specific positivity rate and how this varied for individual pathogens. These data indicate that differential priorities for diagnosis, prevention and control should be highlighted in terms of acute respiratory tract infection patients' demography, geographic locations and season of illness in China.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Infecções Bacterianas/microbiologia , Infecções Respiratórias/microbiologia , Infecções Respiratórias/virologia , Viroses/virologia , Vírus/isolamento & purificação , Adolescente , Adulto , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Infecções Bacterianas/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia , Estações do Ano , Viroses/epidemiologia , Vírus/classificação , Vírus/genética , Adulto Jovem
2.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(7): 580-5, 2021 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369678

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) on the depressive behavior in depression rats, so as to explore its mechanism underlying improvement of depression. METHODS: A total of 24 male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into normal, depression model, taVNS, tnVNS (transcutaneous auricular none-vagus nerve stimulaton) groups (n=6 in each group). The depression model was established by chronic unpredictable mild stimulation combined with solitary raising for 35 consecutive days. After 14 days modeling, transcutaneous electrostimulation (2 mA, 2 Hz/15 Hz) was applied to auricular concha or auricular margin, respectively. Each intervention was conducted for 30 minutes, once daily for 21 days. The depression-like behavior was evaluated by forced swimming immobility time and body weight. The expression levels of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) and interleukin-18 (IL-18) protein in the prefrontal cortex were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: Following modeling, the increase amount of body weight was decreased, the forced swimming immobility time and expression TLR4, MyD88 and IL-18 protein in the prefrontal cortex were increased in the model group than those in the normal group (P<0.01). Following the treatment and compared with the model group, the increase amount of body weight in the taVNS group was obviously increased (P<0.05), the swimming immobility time and the expression of TLR4, MyD88, IL-18 protein in the taVNS and tnVNS groups were significantly decreased (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: TaVNS is able to improve depression in depression rats, which is probably related to its effect in inhibiting inflammatory response of TLR4/MyD88 signaling pathway in prefrontal cortex.


Assuntos
Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea , Estimulação do Nervo Vago , Animais , Depressão/genética , Depressão/terapia , Interleucina-18/genética , Masculino , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/genética , Córtex Pré-Frontal , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Nervo Vago
3.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(17): 11784-11794, 2021 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375092

RESUMO

Fertilization is known to affect antibiotic-resistance gene (ARG) patterns in the soil, even in the gut of soil fauna. Here, we conducted a microcosm experiment to investigate differences of effects of different fertilizers on collembolan gut ARG profiles and to further explore the microecological mechanisms that cause the differences. Although fertilization increased the abundance of ARGs, compared with the conventional manure, the application of antibiotic-reduced manure and vermicompost all curbed the enrichment of ARGs in the gut of collembolans. The results of the structural equation model revealed that changes in the microbial community caused by fertilizations have an important contribution to variations in the ARGs. We further found that the fungal community, like bacterial community, is also an important driver of ARG patterns in the collembolan gut. The fungi belonging to Dokmaia and Talaromyces were significantly correlated with the ARGs in the gut of collembolans. In addition, the application of vermicompost significantly increased the abundance of agricultural beneficial microbes in the soil environment. Together, our results provide an insight into the role of the fungal community on ARG patterns in the soil collembolan gut microbiome and highlight environmental friendliness of vermicomposting.


Assuntos
Artrópodes/microbiologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Micobioma , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos , Genes Bacterianos , Esterco , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo
4.
J Infect ; 83(4): 424-432, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358582

RESUMO

Objectives To investigate the epidemiological features of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) in patients with acute diarrhea in China. Methods An active sentinel surveillance was performed in all-age patients with acute diarrhea in China, 2009‒2018. DEC was isolated and identified by serological assay and PCR from stool samples. Results DEC was determined in 6.68% (6,119/91,651) of the patients, with higher positive rates among females than among males (6.97% vs. 6.46%) and among 18‒59 years patients (7.88%) than among other age groups. Five pathotypes were identified, the most prevalent was enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC), followed by enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC), and enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC). Pediatric patients <5 years had higher positive rate of EAEC (2.07%), followed by EPEC (1.81%), and enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) (0.31%), while the 18‒59 years patients had higher infection of ETEC (2.36%). ETEC and EPEC were more frequently identified in urban than rural areas, with age and gender adjusted positive rate of 1.68% vs. 1.14% respectively, and 1.77% vs. 1.55%, while EIEC and EHEC were more frequently identified in rural areas. Conclusions These findings highlight the epidemiology features of DEC and underscores the need for conducting DEC surveillance.

5.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 33(47)2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34450607

RESUMO

We explore extensively topological quantum phase transitions (TQPTs) of the breathing kagomé lattice model in the presence of staggered fluxes. We obtain rich topological phases, including the Chern insulator (CI) and the second-order topological insulator (SOTI) phases, by tuning the dimerized hopping parametert1' and the staggered-flux parameterϕ. The CI phases can be identified on the basis of the chiral edge states and the non-zero Chern numbers. However, in sharp contrast to the CI phases, the SOTI phases are characterized by the robust corner states and the quantized polarizations. In addition, we explore the TQPTs considering the next-nearest-neighbor hopping parametert2. We demonstrate the existence of two-dimensional SOTIs with broken time-reversal symmetry and reveal the TQPTs between the CIs and the SOTIs.

6.
Chin J Integr Med ; 27(9): 656-665, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34060025

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To obtain the subtypes of the clinical hypertension population based on symptoms and to explore the relationship between hypertension and comorbidities. METHODS: The data set was collected from the Chinese medicine (CM) electronic medical records of 33,458 hypertension inpatients in the Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine between July 2014 and May 2017. Then, a hypertension disease comorbidity network (HDCN) was built to investigate the complicated associations between hypertension and their comorbidities. Moreover, a hypertension patient similarity network (HPSN) was constructed with patients' shared symptoms, and 7 main hypertension patient subgroups were identified from HPSN with a community detection method to exhibit the characteristics of clinical phenotypes and molecular mechanisms. In addition, the significant symptoms, diseases, CM syndromes and pathways of each main patient subgroup were obtained by enrichment analysis. RESULTS: The significant symptoms and diseases of these patient subgroups were associated with different damaged target organs of hypertension. Additionally, the specific phenotypic features (symptoms, diseases, and CM syndromes) were consistent with specific molecular features (pathways) in the same patient subgroup. CONCLUSION: The utility and comprehensiveness of disease classification based on community detection of patient networks using shared CM symptom phenotypes showed the importance of hypertension patient subgroups.

7.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33935286

RESUMO

We previously show that fatty acid-binding protein 3 (FABP3) triggers α-synuclein (Syn) accumulation and induces dopamine neuronal cell death in Parkinson disease mouse model. But the role of fatty acid-binding protein 7 (FABP7) in the brain remains unclear. In this study we investigated whether FABP7 was involved in synucleinopathies. We showed that FABP7 was co-localized and formed a complex with Syn in Syn-transfected U251 human glioblastoma cells, and treatment with arachidonic acid (100 M) significantly promoted FABP7-induced Syn aggregation, which was associated with cell death. We demonstrated that synthetic FABP7 ligand 6 displayed a high affinity against FABP7 with Kd value of 209 nM assessed in 8-anilinonaphthalene-1-sulfonic acid (ANS) assay; ligand 6 improved U251 cell survival via disrupting the FABP7-Syn interaction. We showed that activation of phospholipase A2 (PLA2) by psychosine (10 M) triggered oligomerization of endogenous Syn and FABP7, and induced cell death in both KG-1C human oligodendroglia cells and oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs). FABP7 ligand 6 (1 M) significantly decreased Syn oligomerization and aggregation thereby prevented KG-1C and OPC cell death. This study demonstrates that FABP7 triggers α-synuclein oligomerization through oxidative stress, while FABP7 ligand 6 can inhibit FABP7-induced Syn oligomerization and aggregation, thereby rescuing glial cells and oligodendrocytes from cell death.

8.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2464, 2021 04 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33927201

RESUMO

National-based prospective surveillance of all-age patients with acute diarrhea was conducted in China between 2009‒2018. Here we report the etiological, epidemiological, and clinical features of the 152,792 eligible patients enrolled in this analysis. Rotavirus A and norovirus are the two leading viral pathogens detected in the patients, followed by adenovirus and astrovirus. Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli and nontyphoidal Salmonella are the two leading bacterial pathogens, followed by Shigella and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Patients aged <5 years had higher overall positive rate of viral pathogens, while bacterial pathogens were more common in patients aged 18‒45 years. A joinpoint analysis revealed the age-specific positivity rate and how this varied for individual pathogens. Our findings fill crucial gaps of how the distributions of enteropathogens change across China in patients with diarrhea. This allows enhanced identification of the predominant diarrheal pathogen candidates for diagnosis in clinical practice and more targeted application of prevention and control measures.


Assuntos
Diarreia/epidemiologia , Diarreia/patologia , Gastroenterite/epidemiologia , Gastroenterite/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Infecções por Caliciviridae/epidemiologia , Infecções por Caliciviridae/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Diarreia/microbiologia , Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Escherichia coli/epidemiologia , Infecções por Escherichia coli/patologia , Gastroenterite/microbiologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Norovirus/isolamento & purificação , Rotavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Rotavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Rotavirus/patologia , Salmonella/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Salmonella/epidemiologia , Infecções por Salmonella/patologia , Shigella/isolamento & purificação , Vibrioses/epidemiologia , Vibrioses/patologia , Vibrio parahaemolyticus/isolamento & purificação , Adulto Jovem
9.
Science ; 371(6536): 1374-1378, 2021 03 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33602867

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) continually poses serious threats to global public health. The main protease (Mpro) of SARS-CoV-2 plays a central role in viral replication. We designed and synthesized 32 new bicycloproline-containing Mpro inhibitors derived from either boceprevir or telaprevir, both of which are approved antivirals. All compounds inhibited SARS-CoV-2 Mpro activity in vitro, with 50% inhibitory concentration values ranging from 7.6 to 748.5 nM. The cocrystal structure of Mpro in complex with MI-23, one of the most potent compounds, revealed its interaction mode. Two compounds (MI-09 and MI-30) showed excellent antiviral activity in cell-based assays. In a transgenic mouse model of SARS-CoV-2 infection, oral or intraperitoneal treatment with MI-09 or MI-30 significantly reduced lung viral loads and lung lesions. Both also displayed good pharmacokinetic properties and safety in rats.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Proteases 3C de Coronavírus/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteases/farmacologia , Animais , Antivirais/química , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/patologia , COVID-19/virologia , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Quimiocina CXCL10/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Desenho de Fármacos , Humanos , Interferon beta/metabolismo , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/virologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Oligopeptídeos , Prolina/análogos & derivados , Inibidores de Proteases/química , Inibidores de Proteases/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Proteases/toxicidade , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Carga Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Replicação Viral
10.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 187(1): 69-80, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33630196

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Current studies on circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) have been focusing on its potential as biomarkers in liquid biopsy by detecting its content or genetic and epigenetic changes for the evaluation of tumor burden and therapeutic efficacy. However, the regulatory mechanism of cfDNA release remains unclear. Stat3 has been documented as an oncogene for the development and metastasis of breast cancer cells. In this study, we investigated whether Stat3 affects the release of cfDNA into blood and its association with the number of circulating tumor cells (CTCs). METHODS: The cfDNA level in plasma of patients with breast cancer and healthy volunteers were determined by quantitative real-time PCR. Three mouse breast cancer models with different Stat3 expression were generated and used to established three breast cancer orthotopic animal models to examine the effect of Stat3 on cfDNA release in vivo. Stat3 mediated Epithelial-mesenchymal phenotype transition of CTCs was determined by immunofluorescence assay and Western blot assay. RESULTS: The data showed that Stat3 increased circulating cfDNA, which is correlated with the increased volume of primary tumors and number of CTCs, accompanied with the dynamic EMT changes regulated by Snail induction. Furthermore, the high level of total circulating cfDNA and Stat3-cfDNA in patients with breast cancer were detected by quantitative real-time PCR using GAPDH and Stat3 primers. CONCLUSION: Our results suggested that Stat3 increases the circulating cfDNA and CTCs in breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes , Animais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Biópsia Líquida , Camundongos , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética
11.
Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab ; 320(1): E55-E70, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33103451

RESUMO

Osteoporosis, diabetes, and hypertension are common concurrent chronic disorders. This study aimed to explore the respective effects of angiotensin II (ANG II) and angiotensin(1-7) [ANG(1-7)], active peptides in the renin-angiotensin system, on osteoblasts and osteoclasts under high-glucose level, as well as to investigate the osteo-preservative effects of ANG II type 1 receptor (AT1R) blocker and ANG(1-7) in diabetic spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). ANG II and ANG(1-7), respectively, decreased and increased the formation of calcified nodules and alkaline phosphatase activity in MC3T3-E1 cells under high-glucose level, and respectively stimulated and inhibited the number of matured osteoclasts and pit resorptive area in RANKL-induced bone marrow macrophages. Olmesartan and Mas receptor antagonist A779 could abolish those effects. ANG II and ANG(1-7), respectively, downregulated and upregulated the expressions of osteogenesis factors in MC3T3-E1 cells. ANG II promoted the expressions of cathepsin K and MMP9 in RAW 264.7 cells, whereas ANG(1-7) repressed these osteoclastogenesis factors. ANG II rapidly increased the phosphorylation of Akt and p38 in RAW 264.7 cells, whereas ANG(1-7) markedly reduced the phosphorylation of p38 and ERK under high-glucose condition. After treatments of diabetic SHR with valsartan and ANG(1-7), a significant increase in trabecular bone area, bone mineral density, and mechanical strength was only found in the ANG(1-7)-treated group. Treatment with ANG(1-7) significantly suppressed the increase in renin expression and ANG II content in the bone of SHR. Taken together, ANG II/AT1R and ANG(1-7)/Mas distinctly regulated the differentiation and functions of osteoblasts and osteoclasts upon exposure to high-glucose condition. ANG(1-7) could protect SHR from diabetes-induced osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Angiotensina II/farmacologia , Angiotensina I/farmacologia , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/farmacologia , Osso e Ossos/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucose/efeitos adversos , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/farmacologia , Células 3T3 , Bloqueadores do Receptor Tipo 1 de Angiotensina II/farmacologia , Animais , Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Desenvolvimento Ósseo/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoclastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Células RAW 264.7 , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR
12.
Neurosci Bull ; 37(6): 853-862, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355897

RESUMO

Whether in the West or the East, the connection between the ear and the rest of the body has been explored for a long time. Especially in the past century or more, the relevant theoretical and applied research on the ear has greatly promoted the development of ear therapy, and finally the concept of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) has been proposed. The purpose of taVNS is to treat a disease non-invasively by applying electrical current to the cutaneous receptive field formed by the auricular branch of the vagus nerve in the outer ear. In the past two decades, taVNS has been a topic of basic, clinical, and transformation research. It has been applied as an alternative to drug treatment for a variety of diseases. Based on the rapid understanding of the application of taVNS to human health and disease, some limitations in the development of this field have also been gradually exposed. Here, we comprehensively review the origin and research status of the field.


Assuntos
Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea , Estimulação do Nervo Vago , Humanos , Nervo Vago
13.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 11(10)2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049953

RESUMO

Tactile sensing, particularly the detection of object slippage, is required for skillful object handling by robotic grippers. The real-time measurement and identification of the dynamic shear forces that result from slippage events are crucial for slip detection and effective object interaction. In this study, a ferroelectric polymer-based printed soft sensor for object slippage detection was developed and fabricated by screen printing. The proposed sensor demonstrated a sensitivity of 8.2 µC·cm-2 and was responsive to shear forces applied in both the parallel and perpendicular directions. An amplifier circuit, based on a printed organic thin-film transistor, was applied and achieved a high sensitivity of 0.1 cm2/V·s. Therefore, this study experimentally demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed printable high-sensitivity tactile sensor, which could serve as part of a wearable robotic e-skin. The sensor could facilitate the production of a system to detect and prevent the slippage of objects from robotic grippers.

14.
Environ Sci Technol ; 54(17): 10754-10762, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32816468

RESUMO

The effects of pharmaceuticals as emerging contaminants in soil on the gut microbiome and antibiotic resistome in nontarget soil fauna are largely elusive. In this study, we explored the composition of the bacterial community and the presence of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in the gut of the model soil collembolan (Folsomia candida) upon antiepileptic drug carbamazepine (CBZ) and antibiotic tetracycline (TC) exposure. Results showed that, individually or in combination, exposure to TC or CBZ significantly altered the gut community structure of F. candida, causing some enrichment of the bacteria associated with xenobiotic metabolism, such as Arthrobacter, Achromobacter, Gordonia, and Shinella. More importantly, oral exposure to the nonantibiotic drug CBZ enhanced the abundance and diversity of ARGs in the gut of F. candida, especially for the beta-lactams and multidrug resistance genes. Our results revealed that the most likely hosts of ARGs in the gut of F. candida were Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria. The significant positive correlation between mobile genetic elements (MGEs) and ARGs indicated the potential risk of ARGs transmission in the gut of F. candida. Overall, the nonantibiotic CBZ is likely to disturb the gut microbiota of nontarget soil fauna such as collembolans, thereby enhancing the dissemination of ARGs.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Carbamazepina , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos , Genes Bacterianos , Solo
15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(14): 3432-3440, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726059

RESUMO

The WD40 transcription factor family is a gene superfamily widely found in eukaryotes, which is closely related to plant growth and development regulation. It has been reported that the WD40 transcription factor was involved in the synthesis of anthocyanins, which is one of the vital components of safflower flavonoid compounds. In this study, 40 CtWD40 members in the safflower genome were identified though bioinformatics tools and gene expression analysis methods. According to the WD40 protein sequence and phylogenetic characteristics of Arabidopsis and other plants, the safflower CtWD40 family was classified into 7 subfamilies. Conservative motif analysis was used to reveal the specific conserved motifs and gene structures of each subfamily member, and there exist a certain degree of similarities in the conserved motifs and gene structure between the closely related family members. Subsequently, the search for cis-acting elements of gene promoters found CtWD40-specific promoter elements, revealing the metabolic pathways which may involve. Next, enrichment of function analysis was employed to analyze the functional categories and cellular localization of the CtWD40 protein. Furthermore, the interactions between CtWD40 proteins predicted its potential regulatory function. Finally, 19 members of the safflower CtWD40 subfamily were analyzed by qRT-PCR, the result showed the expression patterns of these members were different in diverse tissue and flowering period. This study provides a basis for the functional and expression research of the CtWD40 genes.


Assuntos
Carthamus tinctorius , Biologia Computacional , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Genoma de Planta , Família Multigênica , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726761

RESUMO

Chern insulators (CIs) or quantum anomalous Hall (QAH) states have drawn more attention, with emergence of quantized Hall conductance but in absence of Landau levels. Here, we study the Haldane-type CI/QAH states on Möbius strips and focus on the quantum transport properties. The Möbius strips can be constructed from the twisted honeycomb-lattice strips with domain walls. Topological properties of the Möbius CI/QAH states can be identified by the local density of states, the real-space Chern numbers and the transport properties. Nearly perfect quantized conductance plateaus are observed in the numerical quantum-transport simulations. In addition, we found that adding magnetic flux in domain walls can induce alternating edge states. At last, we discussed in details the different lead connection schemes, and found that we can use multiple domain walls to obtain various higher quantized conductance plateaus.

17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(31): 35282-35290, 2020 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32649823

RESUMO

There are few reports on resistive strain sensors that exhibit both high sensitivity and a wide working range under stretching. We have newly developed a high-performance strain sensor based on a brittle-stretchable conductive network that consists of both brittle and stretchable conductive layers and is fabricated on a stretchable substrate using the screen-printing method. Adding strain usually generates structural cracks in brittle conductive layers leading to a significant increase in resistance, while a stretchable conductive layer bridges these cracks to maintain the conductive pathways under high-strain conditions. This novel conductive network endows superior electrical-mechanical performance to the strain sensors, which possess high sensitivity (gauge factor > 870) over the entire working range (∼100%). Additionally, the developed sensors showed unique anisotropic bend-sensing characteristics, which could be used to detect the bending directions. This high degree of comprehensive performance results in a strain sensor with the capability for full-range human motion detection and robotic motion sensing.

18.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 45(4): 334-8, 2020 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32333542

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To review the current situation of researches on auricular acupuncture treatment for obesity by using bibliometric analysis, so as to provide a reference for clinical application and experimental research in the future. METHODS: Articles written in both Chinese and English and published from the time of establishment of the following databases were collected from databases of CNKI, Wanfang, PubMed and Web of Science by using key words of "otopoint sticking" "otopoint seed-pres-sing" "auriculotherapy" "ear/auricular acupuncture" "auricular pressure" "auricular-plaster therapy" "acupuncture and auricular pressure" "auriculopressure" "transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS)" "obesity" "adiposity" "adiposis" and "fatty". The articles met our inclusive criteria were analyzed for summarizing their publication years, involved journals, research organizations and selected acupoints. RESULTS: A total of 61 qualified Chinese and 44 English articles were retrieved and published in 45 and 25 journals, respectively. The commonly-used acupoints are "Endocrine" "Stomach" "Spleen" "Shenmen" "Hunger point" "Sanjiao" "Lung" and "Subcortex". The employed auricular acupoint therapy mainly includes auricular acupressure, ear acupuncture, auricular vagus nerve stimulation, and auricular laser radiation. CONCLUSION: Current clinical literature on auricular acupuncture treatment of obesity is relatively lower in quality. Thus, strict research protocols and randomized controlled clinical trials with multiple centers and larger samples are definitely necessary for providing reliable evidence for clinical treatment of obesity by using auricular acupuncture therapy.


Assuntos
Acupuntura Auricular , Obesidade/terapia , Pontos de Acupuntura , Bibliometria , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Humanos
19.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2467, 2020 02 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051489

RESUMO

Facile fabrication and high ambient stability are strongly desired for the practical application of temperautre sensor in real-time wearable healthcare. Herein, a fully printed flexible temperature sensor based on cross-linked poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) was developed. By introducing the crosslinker of (3-glycidyloxypropyl)trimethoxysilane (GOPS) and the fluorinated polymer passivation (CYTOP), significant enhancements in humidity stability and temperature sensitivity of PEDOT:PSS based film were achieved. The prepared sensor exhibited excellent stability in environmental humidity ranged from 30% RH to 80% RH, and high sensitivity of -0.77% °C-1 for temperature sensing between 25 °C and 50 °C. Moreover, a wireless temperature sensing platform was obtained by integrating the printed sensor to a printed flexible hybrid circuit, which performed a stable real-time healthcare monitoring.

20.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 30(6): 126966, 2020 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32001136

RESUMO

Herein, we report the discovery of a series of thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4(3H)-one derivatives as a new class of ROCK inhibitors. Structure-activity relationship studies of these compounds led to the identification of the most potent compound, 3-(3-methoxybenzyl)-6-(1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-4-yl)thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4(3H)-one (8k), which showed IC50 values of 0.004 µM and 0.001 µM against ROCK Ⅰ and ROCK Ⅱ, respectively. In vitro, 8k significantly reduced the phosphorylation level of ROCK downstream signaling protein and induce changes in cell morphology and migration. Overall, this study provides a promising lead compound for drug discovery targeting ROCKs.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Pirimidinonas/química , Quinases Associadas a rho/antagonistas & inibidores , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Descoberta de Drogas , Humanos , Fosforilação , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Pirimidinonas/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
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