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1.
J Hum Nutr Diet ; 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33788349

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is highly prevalent in critically ill patients. The modified Nutrition Risk in the Critically ill (mNUTRIC) score has been introduced to evaluate the nutritional risk of patients in an intensive care unit (ICU). The mNUTRIC score is a predictive factor of mortality for patients in a medical or mixed ICU, whereas the relationship between mNUTRIC and prognosis of patients in a cardiothoracic surgery recovery unit (CSRU) is unclear and related researches are limited. METHODS: We conducted this retrospective cohort study to explore the value of mNUTRIC score in CSRU patients. We identified totally 4059 patients from the Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care III (MIMIC III) database. RESULTS: The optimal cut-off value of mNUTRIC score was 4 and a total of 1498 (36.9%) patients were considered to be at high nutritional risk (mNUTRIC ≥ 4). A multivariate logistic regression model indicated that patients at high nutritional risk have higher hospital mortality compared to those at low nutritional risk (odds ratio = 2.49, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.32-4.70, p = 0.005]. Furthermore, a Cox regression model was established adjusted for age, white blood cell and body mass index. The Kaplan-Meier curve indicated that patients at high nutritional risk have poorer 365-days [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.76, 95% CI = 1.30-2.37, p < 0.001] and 1000-days (HR = 2.30, 95% CI = 1.87-2.83, p < 0.001) overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: The mNUTRIC score could not only predict hospital mortality, but also be an independent prognostic factor for long-term survival in CSRU patients. More well-designed clinical trials are needed to verify and update our findings.

2.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(5)2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33668954

RESUMO

In recent decades, nanogenerators based on several techniques such as triboelectric effects, piezoelectric effects, or other mechanisms have experienced great developments. The nanoenergy generated by nanogenerators is supposed to be used to overcome the problem of energy supply problems for portable electronics and to be applied to self-powered microsystems including sensors, actuators, integrated circuits, power sources, and so on. Researchers made many attempts to achieve a good solution and have performed many explorations. Massive efforts have been devoted to developing self-powered electronics, such as self-powered communication devices, self-powered human-machine interfaces, and self-powered sensors. To take full advantage of nanoenergy, we need to review the existing applications, look for similarities and differences, and then explore the ways of achieving various self-powered systems with better performance. In this review, the methods of applying nanogenerators in specific circumstances are studied. The applications of nanogenerators are classified into two categories, direct utilization and indirect utilization, according to whether a treatment process is needed. We expect to offer a line of thought for future research on self-powered electronics.

3.
J Integr Neurosci ; 19(3): 507-511, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070531

RESUMO

Transsynaptic degeneration in the cerebellum and brainstem may give rise to a rare neurological condition with various clinical manifestations, namely hypertrophic olivary degeneration. The classical manifestations of hypertrophic olivary degeneration comprise myoclonus, palatal tremor, ataxia, and ocular symptoms. Any lesions interrupting the dentate-rubro-olivary pathway, referred to as the anatomic Guillain-Mollaret triangle, contribute to the broad aetiologies of hypertrophic olivary degeneration. The clinical diagnosis depends primarily on the associated symptoms and the characteristic magnetic resonance imaging findings. Concerning treatment and prognosis, there are no widely accepted guidelines. Here, we identified 11 cases of hypertrophic olivary degeneration secondary to brainstem infarction from 1964 to the present. Combined with two of our cases, the clinical and imaging findings of 13 patients with hypertrophic olivary degeneration secondary to brainstem infarction were studied. A meta-analysis of case studies gives the correlation coefficient between infraction location and time to develop hypertrophic olivary degeneration as 0.217 (P = 0.393, P > 0.05). At the significance level of P < 0.05, there was no significant correlation between information location and time to develop hyperophic olivary degeneration. The χ2 between infraction location and magnetic resonance imaging findings of hypertrophic olivary degeneration was 8.750 (P = 0.364, P > 0.05). At the significance level of P < 0.05, there was no significant correlation between infraction location and magnetic resonance imaging findings of hypertrophic olivary degeneration. Conclusion based on the analysis of available data suggests that when newly developed or progressive worsening motor symptoms are presented in patients with previous brainstem infarction, a diagnosis of hypertrophic olivary degeneration should be investigated.

4.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(4): 400-404, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089290

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To study the effect of chlorhexidine combined with mechanical debridement on peri-implant inflammation and the influence on SF-36 score of patients. METHODS: One hundred patients with peri-implantitis admitted to Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital from January 2015 to January 2019 were selected and randomly divided into control group and combined group with 50 cases in each group according to random number table method.Patients in both groups were treated with mechanical debridement, and patients in the combined group were gargled with chlorhexidine gargle apart from mechanical debridement. Plaque biofilm average activity and modified plaque index (mPLI), bleeding on probing (BOP), modified sulcus bleeding index (mSBI), probing the depth (PPD), clinical attachment level(AL) were measured before and after treatment. Sf-36 scale and VAS visual pain score were used to evaluate the quality of life and pain degree of patients, and the therapeutic effect and incidence of complications were assessed. The data were analyzed with SPSS 20.0 software package. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in average activity, mPLI, mSBI, AL, PPD, BOP, VAS and SF-36 scores between the two groups before treatment(P>0.05); after treatment, the average activity, mPLI, mSBI, AL, PPD, BOP and VAS scores of plaque biofilm in the combined group were significantly lower than those of the control group, and the total effective rate of SF-36 score was significantly higher than that of the control group. The total effective rate of the combined group was significantly higher than that of the control group(P<0.05). The incidence of complications in the combined group was significantly lower than that in the control group(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Chlorhexidine combined with mechanical debridement is an effective treatment of peri-implantitis, which can effectively inhibit plaque biofilm activity and plaque formation, alleviate pain and improve the quality of life of patients.


Assuntos
Clorexidina , Peri-Implantite , Clorexidina/uso terapêutico , Desbridamento , Índice de Placa Dentária , Humanos , Peri-Implantite/tratamento farmacológico , Qualidade de Vida
5.
World J Clin Cases ; 8(11): 2387-2391, 2020 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32548172

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ataxia-telangiectasia (AT) is a rare, autosomal recessive, multisystem disorder. Because most clinicians have low awareness of the disease, only scarce reports of AT exist in the literature, especially of cases with lymphoma/leukemia. CASE SUMMARY: A 7-year-old girl with a history of recurrent respiratory tract infections was referred to our department because of unstable walking for 5 years and enlarged neck nodes for 2-mo duration. Physical examination revealed scleral telangiectasia and cerebellar ataxia. Elevated alpha-fetoprotein, decreased serum immunoglobulin, and decreased T cell function were the major findings of laboratory examination. Histological analysis of cervical lymph node biopsy was suggestive of classical Hodgkin's lymphoma. Genetic examination showed heterozygous nucleotide variation of c.6679C>T and heterozygous nucleotide variation of c.5773 delG in the ATM gene; her parents were heterozygotes. The final diagnosis was AT with Hodgkin's lymphoma. CONCLUSION: Clinicians should strengthen their understanding of AT diseases. Gene diagnosis plays an important role in its diagnosis and treatment.

6.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 239: 118546, 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32505107

RESUMO

In this paper, a label-free fluorescence nanoprobe is constructed based on poly(thymine) single strand DNA-templated Copper nanocluster (denote as: T-CuNCs) for the detection of hydrogen peroxide. In the assay, the fluorescent T-CuNCs will generate though the reaction of Cu2+, poly(thymine) and sodium ascorbate. However, the hydroxyl radical (.OH) will generated in the presence of H2O2, which is able to induced the oxidative lesions of poly(thymine) single chain DNA and lead to the poly(thymine) being splitted into shorter or single oligonucleotide fragments and lose the ability to template the fluorescent T-CuNCs again. Therefore, H2O2 can be detected by monitoring the fluorescence strength change of T-CuNCs. The experimental results show that the fluorescence intensity change of T-CuNCs has fantastic linearity versus H2O2 concentration in the range of 1-30 µM (R2 = 0.9947) and 30-80 µM (R2 = 0.9972) with the limit of detection (LOD) as low as 0.5 µM (S/N = 3). More important, the fluorescent nanoprobe was also successfully utilized on the detection of H2O2 in serum samples. Therefore, a label-free, costless and effective fluorescence method has been established for the detection of H2O2, the intrinsic properties of the nanoprobe endow its more potential applications in chemical and biological study.

7.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(2): 470-475, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32319381

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of CpG-oligonucleotide(CpG-ODN) immunostimulatory method in chromosome culture of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells and to compare the differences between related studies at home and abroad, so as to improve the success rate of CLL karyotype culture and the detection rate of abnormal karyo-types. METHODS: Bone marrow samples from 82 CLL patients were collected and cultured with phytohemagglutinin (PHA), CpG-oligonucleotide plus interleukin-2 (CpG-ODN DSP30+IL-2) for 72 hours. Chromosomes were prepared and analyzed by conventional cytogenetics (CC). Meanwhile, D13S25, Rb1, ATM, p53 and CSP12 probes were used for interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (iFISH) test. The differences of chromosome culture and iFISH test results between two cell stimulants were compared. RESULTS: The success rate of karyotype culture in PHA and CpG-ODN DSP30+IL-2 immunostimuli (analyzable mitotic t >20) was 90.2% (74 cases), 68.3% (56 cases) respectively, and the detection rate of abnormal karyotype was 13.5% (10 cases) and 46.4% (26 cases), respectively. The success rate of karyotype culture in PHA group was significantly higher than that in CpG-ODN DSP30+IL-2 group (P=0.01). The detection rate of abnormal karyotypes in CpG-ODN DSP30+IL-2 group was significantly higher than that in PHA group, and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.003). The detection rate of abnormal karyotypes in iFISH group was 74.4% (61 cases), which was significantly higher than that in CpG-ODN DSP30+IL-2 group (P=0.000). iFISH detection could verify the abnormalities detected by CC analysis. CONCLUSION: Application of CpG-ODN DSP30+IL-2 immunostimulation method in culture of CLL cells can enhance the detection rate of abnormal karyotypes, especially the detection of various translocations suggesting poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Humanos , Imunização , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Oligodesoxirribonucleotídeos
8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(5)2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32155790

RESUMO

Combretastatin-4 (CA-4) as a tubulin polymerization inhibitor draws extensive attentions. However, due to its weak stability of cis-olefin and poor metabolic stability, structure modifications on cis-configuration are being performed. In this work, we constructed a series of novel CA-4 analogues with linkers on olefin containing diphenylethanone, cis-locked dihydrofuran, α-substituted diphenylethanone, cyclobutane and cyclohexane on its cis-olefin. Cytotoxic activity of all analogues was measured by an SRB assay. Among them, compound 6b, a by-product in the preparation of diphenylethanone analogues, was found to be the most potent cytotoxic agents against HepG2 cells with IC50 values of less than 0.5 µM. The two isomers of 6b induced cellular apoptosis tested by Annexin V-FITC and propidium iodide (PI) double staining, arrested cells in the G2/M phase by PI staining analysis, and disrupted microtubule network by immunohistochemistry study in HepG2 cells. Moreover, 6b-(E) displayed a dose-dependent inhibition effect for tubulin assembly in in vitro tubulin polymerization assay. In addition, molecular docking studies showed that two isomers of 6b could bind efficiently at colchicine binding site of tubulin similar to CA-4.


Assuntos
Microtúbulos/efeitos dos fármacos , Estilbenos/química , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Tubulina (Proteína)/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Moduladores de Tubulina/química
9.
Biomolecules ; 9(9)2019 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480670

RESUMO

Tannins biodegradation by a microorganism is one of the most efficient ways to produce bioproducts of high value. However, the mechanism of tannins biodegradation by yeast has been little explored. In this study, Aureobasidium melanogenum T9 isolated from red wine starter showed the ability for tannins degradation and had its highest biomass when the initial tannic acid concentration was 20 g/L. Furthermore, the genes involved in the tannin degradation process were analyzed. Genes tan A, tan B and tan C encoding three different tannases respectively were identified in the A. melanogenum T9. Among these genes, tan A and tan B can be induced by tannin acid simultaneously at both gene transcription and protein expression levels. Our assay result showed that the deletion of tanA and tanB resulted in tannase activity decline with 51.3 ± 4.1 and 64.1 ± 1.9 U/mL, respectively, which is much lower than that of A. melanogenum T9 with 91.3 ± 5.8 U/mL. In addition, another gene coding gallic acid decarboxylase (gad) was knocked out to better clarify its function. Mutant Δgad completely lost gallic acid decarboxylase activity and no pyrogallic acid was seen during the entire cultivation process, confirming that there was a sole gene encoding decarboxylase in the A. melanogenum T9. These results demonstrated that tanA, tanB and gad were crucial for tannin degradation and provided new insights for the mechanism of tannins biodegradation by yeast. This finding showed that A. melanogenum has potential in the production of tannase and metabolites, such as gall acid and pyrogallol.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos/química , Taninos/metabolismo , Ascomicetos/metabolismo , Taninos/genética
10.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(5): 491-496, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31104669

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of 280 nm-LED ultraviolet irradiation on the proliferation of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) HL-60 cells under hypoxic conditions and related mechanism. METHODS: HL-60 cells in the logarithmic growth phase were selected and divided into control, hypoxia, ultraviolet and hypoxia+ultraviolet groups. The cells in the hypoxia group were treated with cobalt chloride (with a final concentration of 150 µmol/L), those in the ultraviolet group were irradiated by 280 nm-LED ultraviolet with an energy intensity of 30 J/m2, and those in the hypoxia+ultraviolet group were treated with cobalt chloride and then irradiated by 280 nm-LED ultraviolet. After 48 hours of treatment, the cells were placed under an invert microscope to observe cell morphology. CCK-8 assay was used to measure the inhibition rate of cell proliferation. Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining flow cytometry was used to evaluate cell apoptosis. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the mRNA expression of Bcl-2. Each experiment above was repeated three times independently. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the experimental groups showed shrinkage, decreased brightness, and disordered arrangement of cells, and the number of cells decreased over the time of culture. There were significant differences in the inhibition rate of cell proliferation and cell apoptosis rate among the groups (P<0.01), and the hypoxia+ultraviolet group showed the strongest inhibition of cell proliferation and induction of cell apoptosis, followed by the ultraviolet group and the hypoxia group. Compared with the control group, the other three groups had a gradual reduction in the mRNA expression of Bcl-2, and the hypoxia+ultraviolet group had a significantly greater reduction than the hypoxia and ultraviolet groups (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Both hypoxia and ultraviolet irradiation can inhibit the proliferation of HL-60 cells and induce cell apoptosis, and ultraviolet irradiation has a better effect on proliferation inhibition and cell apoptosis under hypoxic conditions than under normoxic conditions, possibly by downregulating the mRNA expression of Bcl-2.


Assuntos
Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda , Apoptose , Hipóxia Celular , Proliferação de Células , Humanos
11.
BioDrugs ; 33(4): 437-446, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31111423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bridging studies are mandatory in the EU and USA if the reference biological product used in the biosimilar comparability exercise is foreign sourced. However, it has been argued that the duplication of bridging studies may limit biosimilar development. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore whether it is necessary to conduct pharmacokinetic (PK)/pharmacodynamic (PD) bridging studies for biosimilars. This study examines similarities and differences between EU- and US-licensed reference biological products, based on literature-reported PK and/or PD data. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Drugs@FDA, and European Medicines Agency (EMA) databases to identify biosimilar bridging studies designed to evaluate similarities between EU- and US-licensed reference biological products. PK and/or PD parameters were retrieved; the ratio of the parameter value of the EU-licensed product to that of the US-licensed product and its corresponding 90% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Similarity was declared if the 90% CIs for the ratios of the PK or PD parameters were within the range of 80-125%. RESULTS: Thirty-one bridging studies were identified for 11 biosimilars, including adalimumab (n = 10), bevacizumab (n = 4), epoetin alfa (n = 1), etanercept (n = 2), filgrastim (n = 1), infliximab (n = 3), insulin glargine (n = 1), insulin lispro (n = 1), PEGfilgrastim (n = 2), rituximab (n = 2), and trastuzumab (n = 4). Most studies showed PK and/or PD similarities between the EU- and US-licensed reference biological products. However, among the 31 studies, only three studies (accounting for two biologics, PEGfilgrastim and adalimumab) showed dissimilarity between the EU and US reference products. Although one bridging study on PEGfilgrastim (Sandoz) indicated dissimilar PKs (maximum observed plasma concentration [Cmax] and area under the concentration-time curve [AUC]) between the reference products, the other study (Mylan) demonstrated similar PK. Moreover, two of ten studies involving adalimumab failed to demonstrate similarities between the reference products. However, for both cases, PK similarities were later confirmed in the follow-up bridging studies with larger sample sizes. CONCLUSION: Our analysis reveals that, in most cases, the reference biological products originated from the EU and those from the USA are almost indistinguishable in terms of PK/PD properties. Additional in vivo bridging studies between reference products from different global regions may not be required if similar physicochemical and structural properties are evident in vitro.


Assuntos
Medicamentos Biossimilares/farmacologia , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/normas , Aprovação de Drogas , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Bases de Dados de Produtos Farmacêuticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Padrões de Referência , Equivalência Terapêutica , Estados Unidos
12.
Polymers (Basel) ; 11(1)2019 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30960114

RESUMO

With the prestressed carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) strengthening technique widely used in reinforced concrete (RC) structures, it is more and more important to study the fatigue performance of RC structures. Since the fracture of a tensile steel bar at the main cracked section is the leading reason for the failure of RC beams reinforced by prestressed CFRP, a fatigue life prediction model of RC beams reinforced by prestressed CFRP was developed based on an accumulative damage model. Moreover, gradual degradation of the performance of the concrete was considered in the fatigue life prediction model. An experimental study was also conducted to research the fatigue behavior of RC beams reinforced by prestressed or non-prestressed carbon fiber laminate (CFL). During the tests, fatigue crack patterns were captured using a digital image correlation (DIC) technique, and the fatigue lives of a total of 30 beams were recorded. The results showed that the predicted main crack propagation curves and the fatigue lives were close to the experimental data. This study also exhibited that the prestressed CFRP could reduce the stress of main steel bars in RC beams and effectively improve the fatigue performance of the RC beams.

14.
Cell Death Differ ; 26(11): 2237-2252, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30728460

RESUMO

TP53 is the most frequently mutated gene in human cancer, whereas tumors with wild-type TP53 develop alternative strategies to survive. Identifying new regulators of p53 reactivation would greatly contribute to the development of cancer therapies. After screening the entire genome in liver cancer cells, we identified lysyl oxidase-like 4 (LOXL4) as a novel regulator for p53 activation. We found that 5-azacytidine (5-aza-CR) induces LOXL4 upregulation, with LOXL4 subsequently binding the basic domain of p53 via its low-isoelectric point region. The interaction between LOXL4 and p53 induces the reactivation of compromised p53, resulting in cell death. Furthermore, the nude mouse xenograft model showed that the 5-aza-CR-dependent LOXL4-p53 axis reduces tumor growth. A positive correlation between LOXL4 expression and overall survival in liver cancer patients with wild-type p53 tumors was observed. In conclusion, we found that 5-aza-CR-induced LOXL4 upregulation reactivates wild-type p53 and triggers cell death, which blocks liver cancer development.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Azacitidina/farmacologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Proteína-Lisina 6-Oxidase/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Células A549 , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/fisiologia , Ativação Enzimática/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HCT116 , Células HEK293 , Células HeLa , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Transplante de Neoplasias , Ligação Proteica/fisiologia , Proteína-Lisina 6-Oxidase/genética , Transplante Heterólogo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo
15.
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol ; 103: 174-180, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30711621

RESUMO

In principle, approval of a modified-release (MR) drug product is based on evidence from pharmacokinetic (PK) and/or pharmacodynamic studies and clinical efficacy/safety studies. The purpose of this survey is (i) to explore the number of new drug applications (NDAs) of MR drug products, approved by the FDA, employ the PK study as a bridge to already-approved immediate-release drug products without conducting their own clinical efficacy/safety studies; and (ii) to understand the type of PK studies are required for such NDAs. To this end, we surveyed the approved records of MR drug products from 2008 to 2017 from the Drug@FDA website, and filtered pertinent information from FDA's assessment reports. A total of five out of 79 products were found. A single dose PK study was conducted to investigate the underlying drug release mechanisms in four of these products. For these products, the applicants also performed multiple dose PK equivalence studies, but the PK parameters used to support the equivalence were different among studies. Information regarding the exposure-response relationship was available for all selected products, which is fundamental for such cases. Although the difference in PK curve shapes is recognized as being critical for the clinical effectiveness, this evaluation was not performed in all selected cases, as indicated in FDA's assessment reports.


Assuntos
Aprovação de Drogas , Preparações Farmacêuticas/análise , Inquéritos e Questionários , United States Food and Drug Administration/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
16.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 121: 97-103, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30290260

RESUMO

Isomaltulose production by bacterial fermentation was limited, due to generation of undesirable products and reduced yields. Isomaltulose production using sucrose isomerase (SIase) catalyzed methods was expected to be more applicable, but was hampered by low SIase activity and lack of a secreted SIase producer. Here, we aimed to obtain high levels of secreted SIase by overexpressing the SIase gene from Pantoea dispersa UQ68J in Yarrowia lipolytica, a successful host for efficient secretory expression, with a newly characterized strong constitutive promoter. After optimization of the culture medium, the engineered strain JD secreted SIase with an activity of 49.3 U/mL. The recombinant SIase was effectively immobilized onto polyvinyl alcohol-alginate, and the enzymatic activity recovery rate was up to 82.4%. The stability of the SIase was significantly improved by immobilization. Batch production of isomaltulose catalyzed by the immobilized SIase was performed under optimal conditions, generating 620.7 g/L isomaltulose with a yield of 0.96 g/g. The conversion rate of sucrose after 13 batches remained above 90%. These results demonstrated that the proposed SIase expression and immobilization method was promising in the industrial production of isomaltulose.


Assuntos
Enzimas Imobilizadas/genética , Enzimas Imobilizadas/metabolismo , Glucosiltransferases/genética , Glucosiltransferases/metabolismo , Isomaltose/análogos & derivados , Yarrowia/genética , Biocatálise , Meios de Cultura/química , Enzimas Imobilizadas/química , Expressão Gênica , Glucosiltransferases/química , Isomaltose/biossíntese , Pantoea/enzimologia , Pantoea/genética , Álcool de Polivinil/química
17.
Oncotarget ; 9(31): 21687-21695, 2018 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29774095

RESUMO

Dysregulation of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) plays important roles in cancer development and progression. In this work, we attempted to develop a lncRNA signature to improve prognosis prediction of colorectal cancer. A comprehensive analysis for the lncRNA expression and corresponding clinical information of 344 colorectal patients has been performed based on the data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). We randomly divided TCGA data into a training set (n = 172) and a testing set (n = 172). A four-lncRNA signature has been established which was significantly associated with the overall survival of colorectal cancer patients. Based on the four-lncRNA signature, the training set can be classified into high-risk and low-risk groups with significantly different survival. The result can be further validated in the testing dataset and another independent dataset. Further analyses suggested that the prognostic power of the four-lncRNA signature was independent of other clinical variables. The identification of lncRNA signature indicated that lncRNAs could be novel independent biomarkers for predicting the survival in patients with colorectal cancer.

18.
J Bone Miner Metab ; 36(1): 1-11, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28766139

RESUMO

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are phospholipid membrane-enclosed entities containing specific proteins, RNA, miRNA, and lncRNA. EVs are released by various cells and play a vital role in cell communication by transferring their contents from the host cells to the recipient cells. The role of EVs has been characterized in a wide range of physiological and pathophysiological processes. In this context, we highlight recent advances in our understanding of the regulatory effects of EVs, with a focus on bone metabolism and the bone microenvironment. The roles of EVs in cell communication among bone-related cells, stem cells, tumor cells, and other cells under physiological or pathological conditions are also discussed. In addition, promising applications for EVs in treating bone-related diseases are proposed.


Assuntos
Osso e Ossos/metabolismo , Microambiente Celular , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Animais , Doenças Ósseas/patologia , Humanos , Modelos Biológicos , Células-Tronco/metabolismo
19.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 26(4): 461-464, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29199347

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the factors affecting soft tissue infection after oral and maxillofacial debridement. METHODS: Fifty hundred patients with debridement were enrolled in this study from January 2013 to June 2016. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to soft tissue infection, 18 cases in infection group and 482 cases in non-infection group. Age, mean time to surgery, average length of stay, duration of antibiotics use, abbreviated injury scale (AIS), combined injuries, maxillofacial fractures, soft tissue injury, type of fracture, and history of diabetes were recorded and analyzed using SPSS 19.0 software package. RESULTS: The factors influencing soft tissue infection after oral and maxillofacial surgery were the aged, longer hospital stay, longer operation time, longer antibiotics use time, higher AIS score, Jaw bone injury and diabetes. CONCLUSIONS: The factors influencing soft tissue infection after oral and maxillofacial debridement are various. The aged, longer operation time, higher AIS score, jaw bone involvement lip and chin injury as well as diabetes might be the independent factors. Health care providers should give preventive measures to reduce the incidence of infection, according to specific factors.


Assuntos
Desbridamento , Traumatismos Maxilofaciais , Infecções dos Tecidos Moles , Humanos , Traumatismos Maxilofaciais/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles
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