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1.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(1): 112, 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34982208

RESUMO

In this study, a bacteriocin PA996 isolated from Pseudomonas azotoformans (P. azotoformans) was purified to homogeneity by ammonium sulphate precipitation and SP-Sepharose column chromatography. P. azotoformans began to grow at 6 h, reached exponential phase at 12-18 h. Bacteriocin PA996 was produced at 18 h and reached a maximum level of 2400 AU/mL. The molecular mass of purified bacteriocin PA996 was estimated by SDS-PAGE and its molecular mass was approximately 50 kDa. By screening in vitro, the bacteriocin PA996 showed an antimicrobial activity against Pasteurella multocida (P. multocida). The bacteriocin PA996 showed antibacterial activity in the range of pH2-10 and it was heat labile. The inhibitory activities were diminished after treatment with proteinase K, trypsin and papain, respectively, while catalase treatment was ineffective. The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and bactericidal kinetics curves showed that the bacteriocin PA996 had a good inhibitory ability against P. multocida. Our data indicate that bacteriocin PA996 could inhibit the growth of P. maltocida and it may have the potential to apply as an alternative therapeutic drug.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Bacteriocinas , Pasteurella multocida/efeitos dos fármacos , Pseudomonas , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bacteriocinas/farmacologia , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
2.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(30): 8999-9010, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786383

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stroke has a great influence on the patient's mental health, and reasonable psychological adjustment and disease perception can promote the recovery of mental health. AIM: To explore the relationships among resilience, coping style, and uncertainty in illness of stroke patients. METHODS: A retrospective study was used to investigate 154 stroke patients who were diagnosed and treated at eight medical institutes in Henan province, China from October to December 2019. We used the Mishel Uncertainty in Illness Scale, the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, and the Medical Coping Modes Questionnaire to test the uncertainty in illness, resilience, and coping style, respectively. RESULTS: Resilience had a significant moderating role in the correlation between coping style and unpredictability and information deficiency for uncertainty in illness (P < 0.05). Further, the tenacity and strength dimensions of resilience mediated the correlation between the confrontation coping style and complexity, respectively (P < 0.05). The strength dimension of resilience mediated the correlation between an avoidance coping style and the unpredictability of uncertainty in illness (P < 0.05), as well as correlated with resignation, complexity, and unpredictability (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Resilience has moderating and mediating roles in the associations between coping style and uncertainty in illness, indicating that it is vital to improve resilience and consider positive coping styles for stroke patients in the prevention and control of uncertainty in illness.

3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(98): 13329-13332, 2021 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34816837

RESUMO

An iron-catalysed C-H functionalisation of simple monosubstituted allenes for the synthesis of 1-tetrahydroisoquinolinyl 1,1-disubstituted allenes is reported. This transformation represents the first example of a direct conversion of allenic C-H bonds to C-C bonds through cross dehydrogenative coupling. The optimized protocol features broad scope and employs mild, functional group tolerant conditions.

4.
Magn Reson Chem ; 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823270

RESUMO

On the basis of the higher order perturbation formulas of g factors for a 4d1 group in tetragonally compressed octahedra, the g factors, optical absorption, local structure, and their concentration dependences of pentavalent molybdenum in 40PbO-(10 - x)Y2 O3 -50P2 O5 :xMoO3 (1 ≤ x ≤ 5 mol%) glass are uniformly investigated. The experimental optical absorption spectra and g factors for Mo5+ at various concentrations x are reasonably regenerated by using the reasonable exponential concentration functions of the cubic field parameter Dq , covalent factor N, and relative tetragonal compression ratio ρ. The tetragonal compression ratio ρ due to the Jahn-Teller effect was found in the range of 3.8% to 4.2%. The decreasing trend of Dq and N and the increasing trend of ρ with concentration can be interpreted as the fact that the variations of MoO3 and Y2 O3 concentrations lead to the modulations of local structure and electron cloud distribution around Mo5+ , associated with the adjustment of the glass network. The concentration dependence of optical basicity is also analyzed for the above glass systems.

5.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(37): 14998-15004, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491051

RESUMO

An iron-catalyzed C-H functionalization of simple monosubstituted allenes is reported. An efficient protocol for this process was made possible by the use of a newly developed electron-rich and sterically hindered cationic cyclopentadienyliron dicarbonyl complex as the catalyst and N-sulfonyl hemiaminal ether reagents as precursors to iminium ion electrophiles. Under optimized conditions, the use of a mild, functional-group-tolerant base enabled the conversion of a range of monoalkyl allenes to their allenylic sulfonamido 1,1-disubstituted derivatives, a previously unreported and contrasteric regiochemical outcome for the C-H functionalization of electronically unbiased and directing-group-free allenes.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34562127

RESUMO

It has been well known that the free ion concentration of metals plays a vital role in metal bioavailability. However, measurement of this fraction is still not easy over years of development. Nowadays, rare earth elements (REEs) are drawing more attentions as an emerging contaminant due to their wide applications in our daily life. To analyze the free ion concentration of neodymium (Nd), we adopted ion-exchange technique (IET) to investigate the changes on Nd free ion concentration in the presence of fulvic acid (FA). With the dynamic mode of IET analysis, the concentrations of Nd free ion were in the range of 0.85-36.8 × 10-8 M at the total Nd concentration of 5 × 10-7 M when FA varied from 0.4 to 10 M. However, these concentrations were 3-58 times higher than the one calculated by WHAM 7.0, which may be due to the particulate Nd spontaneously formed in solution. With single particle ICP-MS analysis, we found 0.25%-2.36% of Nd was in the form of colloids when the total Nd concentrations varied from 8.5 × 10-9 to 4.7 × 10-7 M, with the average particle sizes in the range of 26.5-39.2 nm. The presence of FA significantly decreased the number of Nd colloids, but increased the average particle size. Under the TEM, we found that Nd colloids were amorphous, with the size less than 200 nm. The present study provided a relatively new perspective on REE speciation in water. The natural organic matters not only affect the free ion concentration of Nd, but also influenced the size and numbers of Nd colloids in solution.

7.
Addict Biol ; : e13076, 2021 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34176197

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Craving-related brain responses have been associated with the emergence and maintenance of addictions. However, little is known about brain network organizations underlying cravings in internet gaming disorder (IGD). METHODS: Sixty-six IGD subjects and 61 matched individuals with recreational game use (RGU) were scanned while performing a cue-craving task. A recently developed whole-brain analysis approach, connectome-based predictive modelling (CPM) with leave-one-out cross-validation was conducted to identify networks that predicted craving responses in IGD. Then, the craving network was tested in different brain states (cue-craving under deprivation) to investigate replicability. RESULTS: CPM identified an IGD craving network, as indicated by a significant correspondence between predicted and actual craving values (r = 0.49, p < 0.001), characterized by within-network default mode (DMN) connectivity and connectivity between canonical networks implicated in executive/cognitive control (frontoparietal, medial frontal, DMN) and reward responsiveness (subcortical, motor/sensory). Network strength in the cue-craving task during gaming deprivation also predicted IGD craving scores (r = 0.43, p = 0.017), indicating network replication across brain states. CONCLUSIONS: The CPM results demonstrate that individual differences in cognitive, attention, and control network function can predict craving intensities in IGD subjects. These networks may be targets for potential interventions using brain modulation.

8.
BMC Neurol ; 21(1): 165, 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33874914

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical characteristics of Parkinson's disease (PD) differ between men and women, and late- and early-onset patients, including motor symptoms and some nonmotor symptoms, such as cognition, anxiety, and depression. OBJECTIVE: To explore the features of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and night-time sleep quality in PD patients of different sexes and age at onset (AAO). METHODS: Demographic data and clinical characteristics of 586 PD patients were collected. Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were used to investigate the daytime drowsiness and nocturnal sleep. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to explore the risk factors of EDS and poor night-time sleep quality. RESULTS: Sleep disorders were common in PD patients. EDS was more prominent in men than in women. There was no significant difference in ESS scores between late-onset PD (LOPD) and early-onset PD. LOPD patients had a higher probability of poor night-time sleep quality. Male sex, disease duration, and depression were risk factors for EDS. In all patients of both sexes and all AAO, depression was a risk factor for poor night-time sleep. CONCLUSION: More attention should be paid to sleep disorders of PD patients, especially male LOPD patients. Depression is a common risk factor for EDS and poor sleep quality in PD patients.


Assuntos
Distúrbios do Sono por Sonolência Excessiva , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Distúrbios do Sono por Sonolência Excessiva/epidemiologia , Distúrbios do Sono por Sonolência Excessiva/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Sono/fisiologia
9.
BMC Med Educ ; 21(1): 183, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33766012

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The undergraduate program of psychiatry has been widely established in recent years to improve the education and recruitment of psychiatrists in China. We aim to investigate the career choice of medical students majoring in psychiatry in China and the influential factors. METHOD: This multicenter study was conducted in 26 medical schools in China from May to October of 2019. Participants included 4610 medical students majoring in psychiatry and 3857 medical students majoring in clinical medicine. Multivariable logistic regression was used to investigate the influential factors of students' choices of psychiatry at matriculation and as a career. RESULTS: 44.08% of psychiatry majored students gave psychiatry as a first choice at matriculation, and 56.67% of them would choose psychiatry as a career, which was in sharp contrast to the proportion of clinical medicine majored students who would choose psychiatry as a career (0.69%). Personal interest (59.61%), suggestions from family members (27.96%), and experiencing mental problems (23.19%) were main reasons for choosing psychiatry major at matriculation. Personal interest (odds ratio [OR] = 2.12, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.87-2.40), experiencing a psychiatry clerkship (OR = 1.99, 95% CI = 1.28-3.08), being female (OR = 1.50, 95% CI = 1.30-1.68), experiencing mental problems (OR = 1.33, 95% CI = 1.28-1.56), and suggestions from family members (OR = 1.25, 95% CI = 1.08-1.46) correlated positively with students' choice of psychiatry as career. Students who lacked psychiatry knowledge (OR = 0.49, 95% CI = 0.29-0.85) or chose psychiatry because of lower admission scores (OR = 0.80, 95% CI = 0.63-0.97) were less likely to choose psychiatry as a career. CONCLUSION: More than half of psychiatry majored medical school students planned to choose psychiatry as their career, whereas very few students in the clinic medicine major would make this choice. Increasing students' interest in psychiatry, strengthening psychiatry clerkships, and popularizing psychiatric knowledge are modifiable factors to increase the psychiatry career intention. The extent to which medical students' attitudes toward psychiatry can be changed through medical school education and greater exposure to psychiatry will need further investigation.


Assuntos
Psiquiatria , Estudantes de Medicina , Escolha da Profissão , China , Feminino , Humanos , Psiquiatria/educação , Faculdades de Medicina , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Chemistry ; 27(3): 1080-1087, 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146415

RESUMO

A novel armor-type composite of metal-organic framework (MOF)-encapsulated CoCu nanoparticles with a Fe3 O4 core (Fe3 O4 @SiO2 -NH2 -CoCu@UiO-66) has been designed and synthesized by the half-way injection method, which successfully serves as an efficient and recyclable catalyst for the selective transfer hydrogenation. In this half-way injection approach, the pre-synthetic Fe3 O4 @SiO2 -NH2 -CoCu was injected into the UiO-66 precursor solution halfway through the MOF budding period. The formed MOF armor could play a role of providing significant additional catalytic sites besides CoCu nanoparticles, protecting CoCu nanoparticles, and improving the catalyst stability, thus facilitating the selective transfer hydrogenation of nitrobenzaldehydes into corresponding nitrobenzyl alcohols in high selectivity (99 %) and conversion (99 %) rather than nitro group reduction products. Notably, this method achieves the precise assembly of a MOF-encapsulated composite, and the ingenious combination of MOF and nanoparticles exhibits excellent catalytic performance in the selective hydrogen transfer reaction, implementing a "1+1>2" strategy in catalysis.

11.
Chaos ; 30(12): 123135, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33380055

RESUMO

The rapid spread of COVID-19 worldwide presents a great challenge to epidemic modelers. Model outcomes vary widely depending on the characteristics of a pathogen and the models. Here, we present a logistic model for the epidemic spread and divide the spread of the novel coronavirus into two phases: the first phase is a natural exponential growth phase that occurs in the absence of intervention and the second phase is a regulated growth phase that is affected by enforcing social distancing and isolation. We apply the model to a number of pandemic centers. Our results are in good agreement with the data to date and show that social distancing significantly reduces the epidemic spread and flattens the curve. Predictions on the spreading trajectory including the total infections and peak time of new infections for a community of any size are made weeks ahead, providing the vital information and lead time needed to prepare for and mitigate the epidemic. The methodology presented here has immediate and far-reaching applications for ongoing outbreaks or similar future outbreaks of other emergent infectious diseases.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/transmissão , Modelos Biológicos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos
12.
Radiat Oncol ; 15(1): 260, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33168045

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The gross tumor volume (GTV) could be an independent prognostic factor for unresectable locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LANSCLC). We aimed to develop and validate a novel integrated GTV-TNM stratification system to supplement LANSCLC sub-staging in patients treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 340 patients with unresectable LANSCLC receiving definitive CCRT. All included patients were divided into two randomized cohorts. Then the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression were calculated to access the prognostic value of the integrated GTV-TNM stratification system, which was further validated by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) score and F1-score. RESULTS: The optimal outcome-based GTV cut-off values (70 and 180 cm3) of the modeling cohort were used to determine each patient's integrated GTV-TNM stratum in the whole cohort. Our results indicated that a lower integrated GTV-TNM stratum could had better overall survival and progression-free survival (all P < 0.001), which was recognized as an independent prognostic factor. Also, its prognostic value was robust in both the modeling and validation cohorts. Furthermore, the prognostic validity of the integrated GTV-TNM stratification system was validated by significantly improved AUC score (0.636 vs. 0.570, P = 0.027) and F1-score (0.655 vs. 0.615, P < 0.001), compared with TNM stage. CONCLUSIONS: We proposed a novel integrated GTV-TNM stratification system to supplement unresectable LANSCLC sub-staging due to its prognostic value independent of TNM stage and other clinical characteristics, suggesting that it could be considered in individual treatment decision-making process.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Carga Tumoral , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(19)2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33003553

RESUMO

Metallography is the study of the structure of metals and alloys. Metallographic analysis can be regarded as a detection tool to assist in identifying a metal or alloy, to evaluate whether an alloy is processed correctly, to inspect multiple phases within a material, to locate and characterize imperfections such as voids or impurities, or to find the damaged areas of metallographic images. However, the defect detection of metallography is evaluated by human experts, and its automatic identification is still a challenge in almost every real solution. Deep learning has been applied to different problems in computer vision since the proposal of AlexNet in 2012. In this study, we propose a novel convolutional neural network architecture for metallographic analysis based on a modified residual neural network (ResNet). Multi-scale ResNet (M-ResNet), the modified method, improves efficiency by utilizing multi-scale operations for the accurate detection of objects of various sizes, especially small objects. The experimental results show that the proposed method yields an accuracy of 85.7% (mAP) in recognition performance, which is higher than existing methods. As a consequence, we propose a novel system for automatic defect detection as an application for metallographic analysis.

14.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 36(11): 937-943, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32748530

RESUMO

Proper bone age assessment is crucial for the clinical diagnosis and evaluation of treatment responses. We investigated the applicability of Greulich and Pyle (GP), and Tanner and Whitehouse 3 (TW3) methods for children in modern Taiwan, using computer-aided diagnosis. Hand and wrist radiographs were obtained from 611 children (3-17 years) who came to our emergency department due to trauma. Ages 0 to 2 years old were excluded because of a limited number of cases. Skeletal maturation was assessed using the BoneXpert (version 2.5.4.1 automated software), which determines GP and TW3 bone age. The two scoring systems were evaluated for comparing the chronological ages in each subgroup. In boys, mean GP bone age vs mean chronological ages were delayed for ages 3 to 11 and advanced for age 12 to 17. In girls, mean GP bone age vs mean chronological ages was delayed for ages 4 to 8 and 17, and advanced for ages 3 and 9 to 17. In boys, the mean TW3 bone ages vs mean chronological ages were delayed for ages 5 to 10 except age 8, and advanced for ages 3 to 4, 8, and 11 to 15. In girls, the mean TW3 bone ages vs mean chronological ages were delayed for ages 4 to 12, and advanced for ages 3 and 13 to 14. By using the BoneXpert automatic software, we established bone age reference standards for children in Taiwan. Clinical application of GP and TW3 scoring methods can be adjusted according to our results to better assess bone age.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Antropometria/métodos , Mãos/anatomia & histologia , Radiografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Punho/anatomia & histologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Mãos/diagnóstico por imagem , Mãos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Taiwan , Punho/diagnóstico por imagem , Punho/crescimento & desenvolvimento
15.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(38): 16651-16660, 2020 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32485005

RESUMO

The discovery of safe, general, and practical procedures to prepare vinyl fluorides from readily available precursors remains a synthetic challenge. The metal-free hydrofluorination of alkynes constitutes an attractive though elusive strategy for their preparation. Introduced here is an inexpensive and easily handled reagent that enables the development of simple and scalable protocols for the regioselective hydrofluorination of alkynes to access both the E and Z isomers of vinyl fluorides. These reaction conditions were suitable for a diverse collection of alkynes, including several highly functionalized pharmaceutical derivatives. Computational and experimental mechanistic studies support C-F bond formation through vinyl cation intermediates, with the E- and Z-hydrofluorination products forming under kinetic and thermodynamic control, respectively.


Assuntos
Alcinos/química , Boratos/química , Compostos de Vinila/síntese química , Halogenação , Estrutura Molecular , Estereoisomerismo , Compostos de Vinila/química
16.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 104: 269-278, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32439515

RESUMO

Aeromonas veronii is a major pathogenic bacterium in humans and animals. When it causes outbreaks, there are enormous economic losses to the aquaculture industry. An effective live attenuated vaccine strain, ΔhisJ, was obtained in our previous studies by gene knockout in Aeromonas veronii TH0426 using the suicide vector pRE112. Here, we evaluated whether the live attenuated vaccine ΔhisJ was suitable for prevention of Aeromonas veronii infection by injection and immersion in loaches. Compared with that of the TH0426 wild-type strain, the virulence of the live vaccine was significantly weakened. Vaccine safety assessment results also indicated that 1 × 107 CFU/mL live vaccine was safe and did not induce clinical symptoms or obvious pathological changes. Additionally, after challenging loaches with Aeromonas veronii TH0426, the relative percent survival of the IN3 injection group was 65.66%, and that of the IM group was 50.78%. Our data show that the live attenuated vaccine ΔhisJ can improve the immune protection rate of loaches. Furthermore, increased enzyme activity parameters (SOD, LZM, ACP, and AKP) in the skin mucus, increased enzyme activity parameters (SOD, LZM, ACP, AKP, and GPx) in the serum, increased specific IgM antibodies and cytokine IL-1ß contents in the serum, and increased cytokine (IL-15, pIgR, IL-1ß, and TNF-α) expression in the liver and spleen were observed. These data are the first to indicate that the live attenuated vaccine ΔhisJ is suitable for the development of a safe and effective vaccine against Aeromonas veronii infection in loach aquaculture.


Assuntos
Aeromonas veronii/imunologia , Vacinas Bacterianas/administração & dosagem , Cipriniformes/imunologia , Doenças dos Peixes/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Atenuadas/administração & dosagem , Animais , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue , Citocinas/sangue , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/imunologia , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/veterinária , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Dose Letal Mediana , Fígado/imunologia , Pele/imunologia , Baço/imunologia
17.
Trials ; 21(1): 169, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32046752

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrine syndrome with poorly understood mechanisms. To provide patients with PCOS with individualized therapy, it is critical to precisely diagnose the phenotypes of the disease. However, the criteria for diagnosing the different phenotypes are mostly based on symptoms, physical examination and laboratory results. This study aims to compare the accuracy and efficacy of diagnosing PCOS by integrating metabolomic markers with common clinical characteristics. METHODS: This is a prospective, multicenter, analyst-blinded, randomized controlled trial. Participants will be grouped into (1) people without PCOS (healthy control group), (2) patients diagnosed with PCOS based on clinical indices (experimental group 1), and (3) patients diagnosed with PCOS based on metabolomic indices (experimental group 2). A total of 276 participants, including 60 healthy people and 216 patients with PCOS, will be recruited. The 216 patients with PCOS will be randomly assigned to the two experimental groups in a 1:1 ratio, and each group will receive a different 6-month treatment. The primary outcome for the experimental groups will be the effect of PCOS treatment. DISCUSSION: The results of this trial should help to determine whether using metabolomic indices is more accurate and effective than using clinical characteristics in diagnosing the phenotypes of PCOS. The results could provide a solid foundation for the accurate diagnosis of different PCOS subgroups and for future research on individualized PCOS therapy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ID: ChiCTR-INR-1800016346. Registered 26 May 2018.


Assuntos
Metabolômica , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Feminino , Hormônios/metabolismo , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Exame Físico , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/sangue , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/metabolismo , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Adulto Jovem
18.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2308, 2020 02 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32047223

RESUMO

Cobalt (Co) is an essential component of several enzymes and coenzymes in living organisms. Excess Co is highly toxic to plants. The knowledge of molecular response mechanisms to cobalt stress in plants is still limited, especially in woody plants. The responses of weeping willow (Salix babylonica) seedlings to Co stress were studied using morphological and physiochemical measurements and RNA-seq analysis. The physiological and biochemical indexes such as growth rate, the content of chlorophyll and soluble sugar, photosynthesis and peroxidase activity were all changed in willow seedlings under Co stress. The metal ion concentrations in willow including Cu, Zn and Mg were disturbed due to excess Co. Of 2002 differentially expressed genes (DEGs), 1165 were root-specific DEGs and 837 were stem and leaf-specific DEGs. Further analysis of DEGs showed there were multiple complex cascades in the response network at the transcriptome level under Co stress. Detailed elucidation of responses to oxidative stress, phytohormone signaling-related genes and transcription factors (TFs), and detoxification of excess cellular Co ion indicated the various defense mechanisms in plants respond to cobalt stress. Our findings provide new and comprehensive insights into the plant tolerance to excess Co stress.


Assuntos
Cobalto/toxicidade , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Folhas de Planta/fisiologia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Salix/fisiologia , Estresse Fisiológico , Transcriptoma/efeitos dos fármacos , Fotossíntese , Folhas de Planta/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Salix/efeitos dos fármacos
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(3)2020 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32046328

RESUMO

Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have a unique action mechanism that can help to solve global problems in antibiotic resistance. However, their low therapeutic index and poor stability seriously hamper their development as therapeutic agents. In order to overcome these problems, we designed peptides based on the sequence template XXRXXRRzzRRXXRXX-NH2, where X represents a hydrophobic amino acid like Phe (F), Ile (I), and Leu (L), while zz represents Gly-Gly (GG) or d-Pro-Gly (pG). Showing effective antimicrobial activity against Gram-negative bacteria and low toxicity, designed peptides had a tendency to form an α-helical structure in membrane-mimetic environments. Among them, peptide LRpG (X: L, zz: pG) showed the highest geometric mean average treatment index (GMTI = 73.1), better salt, temperature and pH stability, and an additive effect with conventional antibiotics. Peptide LRpG played the role of anti-Gram-negative bacteria through destroying the cell membrane. In addition, peptide LRpG also exhibited an anti-inflammatory activity by effectively neutralizing endotoxin. Briefly, peptide LRpG has the potential to serve as a therapeutic agent to reduce antibiotic resistance owing to its high therapeutic index and great stability.


Assuntos
Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/farmacologia , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/química , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Dicroísmo Circular , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura
20.
Ann N Y Acad Sci ; 1465(1): 146-160, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663616

RESUMO

Aeromonas veronii is an important aquatic zoonotic pathogen in humans and animals. In recent years, extracellular proteins from bacteria have been found to be the major pathogenic factors for aquatic animals. The aim of this study was to systematically analyze the extracellular proteins of nine sources of A. veronii and the effects of hisJ on virulence. We screened only the common proteins from nine different sources of A. veronii by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and identified the gene hisJ. We then constructed ΔhisJ (deleted) and C-hisJ (complemented) variants of A. veronii TH0426 to assess the biological function of hisJ. While the ΔhisJ strain did not show altered growth (P > 0.05), we observed that it had reduced colony formation and biofilm formation and reduced adhesion to and invasion of epithelioma papulosum cyprini cells by 2.0-, 1.9-, and 10.8-fold, respectively. Additionally, infection experiments on zebrafish and mouse infection experiments showed that the virulence of the ΔhisJ strain was decreased by 865-fold (P < 0.001) compared with the wild-type strain; virulence of the complemented C-hisJ strain was reduced only 2.8-fold. Furthermore, in the context of hisJ deletion, flagella of A. veronii TH0426 were easily detached and the expression of virulence genes was downregulated. A persistence test (of bacterial colonies in crucian carp) showed that the number of bacteria in the immune organs of the ΔhisJ-infected group was lower than that in the wild-type-infected group. Overall, these results show that hisJ affects flagellar shedding, virulence, biofilm formation, adhesion, and invasion of A. veronii TH0426, and that hisJ is closely associated with virulence and plays a crucial role in its pathogenicity of A. veronii TH0426.


Assuntos
Aeromonas veronii/genética , Proteínas Periplásmicas de Ligação/genética , Zoonoses/genética , Aeromonas veronii/patogenicidade , Animais , Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Adesão Celular/genética , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Camundongos , Proteínas Periplásmicas de Ligação/isolamento & purificação , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Peixe-Zebra/microbiologia , Zoonoses/microbiologia , Zoonoses/transmissão
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