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1.
Behav Brain Res ; 417: 113594, 2022 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34560129

RESUMO

In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the Piezo1/Ca2+/calpain pathway of the basal forebrain (BF) modulates impaired fear conditioning caused by sleep deprivation. Adult male Wistar rats were subjected to 6 h of total sleep deprivation using the gentle handling protocol. Step-down inhibitory avoidance tests revealed that sleep deprivation induced substantial short- and long-term fear memory impairment in rats, which was accompanied by increased Piezo1 protein expression (P < 0.01) and increased cleavage of full-length tropomyocin receptor kinase B (TrkB-FL) (P < 0.01) in the BF area. Microinjection of the Piezo1 activator Yoda1 into the BF mimicked these sleep deprivation-induced phenomena; TrkB-FL cleavage was increased (P < 0.01) and short- and long-term fear memory was impaired (both P < 0.01) by Yoda1. Inhibition of Piezo1 by GsMTx4 in the BF area reduced TrkB-FL degradation (P < 0.01) and partially reversed short- and long-term fear memory impairments in sleep-deprived rats (both P < 0.01). Inhibition of calpain activation, downstream of Piezo1 signaling, also improved short- and long-term fear memory impairments (P = 0.038, P = 0.011) and reduced TrkB degradation (P < 0.01) in sleep-deprived rats. Moreover, sleep deprivation induced a lower pain threshold than the rest control, which was partly reversed by microinjection of GsMTx4 or PD151746. Neither sleep deprivation nor the abovementioned drugs affected locomotion and sedation. Taken together, these results indicate that BF Piezo1/Ca2+/calpain signaling plays a role in sleep deprivation-induced TrkB signaling disruption and fear memory impairments in rats.

2.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(12): 3396-3397, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790873

RESUMO

This study determined the complete mitochondrial genome of Formosania galericula (Cypriniformes: Gastromyzontidae) from Zhejiang, China, for the first time. The complete mitochondrial genome of F. galericula was sequenced to be 16,555 bp in length. The genome contained 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNAs, two ribosomal RNAs, two central non-coding regions (the control region and the origin of light strand replication), identical to most other vertebrates. Phylogenetic analysis highly supported that F. galericula was close to Crossostoma lacustre and the genus Vanmanenia fish. However, F. galericula was not firstly clustered with Formosania chenyiyui but after the genus Vanmanenia fish. These data would explain the evolutionary mechanisms and biogeography of the family Gastromyzontidae and is helpful for the conservation of genetics and stock evaluation for F. galericula.

4.
Drug Alcohol Depend ; 229(Pt B): 109047, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34710713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Semi-structured Assessment for Drug Dependence and Alcoholism (SSADDA) was developed to assess substance-use disorders and other psychiatric traits. We translated the SSADDA into Chinese and evaluated its inter-rater reliability and concurrent validity in diagnosing DSM-IV methamphetamine (MA) dependence and DSM-5 MA-use disorder (MUD). METHODS: The sample comprised 231 participants who were interviewed using the Chinese SSADDA and the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (Chinese MINI) for concurrent validation. Of the 231 participants, 191 were interviewed by two different interviewers two weeks apart. We evaluated the inter-rater reliability and concurrent validity of the diagnoses using percent agreement and Cohen's kappa coefficient (κ). Cohen's linear weighted kappa was used to assess the reliability of DSM-5 MUD severity. RESULTS: It showed good inter-rater reliability and no significant differences among the DSM-5 MUD (κ = 0.71), DSM-IV MA abuse or dependence (κ = 0.72), and the DSM-IV diagnoses of MA dependence (κ = 0.66) and abuse (κ = 0.68) tested separately. The weighted kappa was 0.67 across the three DSM-5 MUD severity levels. The reliability of each individual diagnostic criterion for DSM-5 MUD ranged from fair to excellent (κ = 0.41-0.80), except for "repeated attempts to quit/control use" (κ = 0.38). The concurrent validity based on MINI-derived diagnoses ranged from good to excellent (κ = 0.65-0.78). CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that the Chinese version of SSADDA has good reliability and validity among Chinese MA users.

5.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 711998, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34566917

RESUMO

Phycospheric bacteria may be the key biological factors affecting the growth of algae. However, the studies about interaction between Isochrysis galbana and its phycospheric bacteria are limited. Here, we show that a marine heterotrophic bacterium, Alteromonas macleodii, enhanced the growth of I. galbana, and inhibited non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities of this microalgae. Further, we explored this phenomenon via examining how the entire transcriptomes of I. galbana changed when it was co-cultured with A. macleodii. Notable increase was observed in transcripts related to photosynthesis, carbon fixation, oxidative phosphorylation, ribosomal proteins, biosynthetic enzymes, and transport processes of I. galbana in the presence of A. macleodii, suggesting the introduction of the bacterium might have introduced increased production and transport of carbon compounds and other types of biomolecules. Besides, the transcriptome changed largely corresponded to reduced stress conditions for I. galbana, as inferred from the depletion of transcripts encoding DNA repair enzymes, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and other stress-response proteins. Taken together, the presence of A. macleodii mainly enhanced photosynthesis and biosynthesis of I. galbana and protected it from stress, especially oxidative stress. Transfer of fixed organic carbon, but perhaps other types of biomolecules, between the autotroph and the heterotroph might happen in I. galbana-A. macleodii co-culture. The present work provides novel insights into the transcriptional consequences of I. galbana of mutualism with its heterotrophic bacterial partner, and mutually beneficial associations existing in I. galbana-A. macleodii might be explored to improve productivity and sustainability of aquaculture algal rearing systems.

6.
Front Mol Biosci ; 8: 725274, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34568428

RESUMO

Pulmonary endothelial cell dysfunction plays an important role in ionizing radiation (IR)-induced lung injury. Whether pulmonary endothelial cell ferroptosis occurs after IR and what are the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Here, we demonstrate that 15-Gy IR induced ferroptosis characterized by lethal accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), lipid peroxidation, mitochondria shrinkage, and decreased glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) and SLC7A11 expression in pulmonary endothelial cells. The phenomena could be mimicked by Yoda1, a specific activator of mechanosensitive calcium channel PIEZO1. PIEZO1 protein expression was upregulated by IR in vivo and in vitro. The increased PIEZO1 expression after IR was accompanied with increased calcium influx and increased calpain activity. The effects of radiation on lung endothelial cell ferroptosis was partly reversed by inhibition of PIEZO1 activity using the selective inhibitor GsMTx4 or inhibition of downstreaming Ca2+/calpain signaling using PD151746. Both IR and activation of PIEZO1 led to increased degradation of VE-cadherin, while PD151746 blocked these effects. VE-cadherin knockdown by specific siRNA causes ferroptosis-like phenomena with increased ROS and lipid peroxidation in the lung endothelial cells. Overexpression of VE-cadherin partly recused the ferroptosis caused by IR or PIEZO1 activation as supported by decreased ROS production, lipid peroxidation and mitochondria shrinkage compared to IR or PIEZO1 activation alone. In summary, our study reveals a previously unrecognized role of PIEZO1 in modulating ferroptosis, providing a new target for future mitigation of radiation-induced lung injury.

7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(18)2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34575918

RESUMO

Dehydrocostus lactone (DHL), a natural sesquiterpene lactone isolated from the traditional Chinese herbs Saussurea lappa and Inula helenium L., has important anti-inflammatory properties used for treating colitis, fibrosis, and Gram-negative bacteria-induced acute lung injury (ALI). However, the effects of DHL on Gram-positive bacteria-induced macrophage activation and ALI remains unclear. In this study, we found that DHL inhibited the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK, the degradation of IκBα, and the activation and nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65, but enhanced the phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 in lipoteichoic acid (LTA)-stimulated RAW264.7 cells and primary bone-marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs). Given the critical role of the p38 MAPK/NF-κB and AMPK/Nrf2 signaling pathways in the balance of M1/M2 macrophage polarization and inflammation, we speculated that DHL would also have an effect on macrophage polarization. Further studies verified that DHL promoted M2 macrophage polarization and reduced M1 polarization, then resulted in a decreased inflammatory response. An in vivo study also revealed that DHL exhibited anti-inflammatory effects and ameliorated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)-induced ALI. In addition, DHL treatment significantly inhibited the p38 MAPK/NF-κB pathway and activated AMPK/Nrf2 signaling, leading to accelerated switching of macrophages from M1 to M2 in the MRSA-induced murine ALI model. Collectively, these data demonstrated that DHL can promote macrophage polarization to an anti-inflammatory M2 phenotype via interfering in p38 MAPK/NF-κB signaling, as well as activating the AMPK/Nrf2 pathway in vitro and in vivo. Our results suggested that DHL might be a novel candidate for treating inflammatory diseases caused by Gram-positive bacteria.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Lactonas/farmacologia , Ativação de Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/efeitos dos fármacos , Pneumonia Estafilocócica/etiologia , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Doença Aguda , Animais , Plasticidade Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Plasticidade Celular/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ativação de Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Modelos Biológicos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Pneumonia Estafilocócica/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Estafilocócica/metabolismo , Pneumonia Estafilocócica/patologia , Células RAW 264.7 , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
8.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(8): 841-4, 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369691

RESUMO

The academician CHENG Xin-nong's academic thoughts and his contributions to the acupuncture and moxibustion of traditional Chinese medicine are summarized. Academician CHENG emphasizes the importance of meridian theory to acupuncture and moxibustion. He has hosted the National Climbing Program "Meridian Research", and put forward the symptom differentiation along the running course of channel and symptom differentiation based on meridian tropism. He values the guiding role of TCM theory on clinical practice of acupuncture and moxibustion, and advocates that acupoints have the same properties as traditional Chinese herb. He has established the acupuncture and moxibustion treatment based on syndrome differentiation, which includes principle, method, prescription, acupoint and technique. He is good at summarizing the acupuncture and moxibustion treatment rules of dominant diseases of TCM, and has formed his own unique acupuncture method in clinical practice: San-Cai acupuncturing method. In addition, he is one of the important founders of acupuncture and moxibustion education in the New China by pioneering early education of acupuncture and moxibustion and compiling textbooks. He is also the pioneer of international communication of acupuncture and moxibustion, carrying out international training of acupuncture and moxibustion, and spreading knowledge of acupuncture and moxibustion. He has the qualities of a great physician, dedicated to clinical practice and very kind to patients.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Moxibustão , Médicos , Pontos de Acupuntura , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , China , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
10.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34417573

RESUMO

Ethyl ferulate (EF) is abundant in Rhizoma Chuanxiong and grains (e.g., rice and maize) and possesses antioxidative, antiapoptotic, antirheumatic, and anti-inflammatory properties. However, its effect on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) is still unknown. In the present study, we found that EF significantly alleviated LPS-induced pathological damage and neutrophil infiltration and inhibited the gene expression of proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6) in murine lung tissues. Moreover, EF reduced the gene expression of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, and iNOS and decreased the production of NO in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells and BMDMs. Mechanistic experiments revealed that EF prominently activated the AMPK/Nrf2 pathway and promoted Nrf2 nuclear translocation. AMPK inhibition (Compound C) and Nrf2 inhibition (ML385) abolished the beneficial effect of EF on the inflammatory response. Furthermore, the protective effect of EF on LPS-induced ALI was not observed in Nrf2 knockout mice. Taken together, the results of our study suggest that EF ameliorates LPS-induced ALI in an AMPK/Nrf2-dependent manner. These findings provide a foundation for developing EF as a new anti-inflammatory agent for LPS-induced ALI/ARDS therapy.

11.
EMBO Rep ; 22(10): e52023, 2021 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369651

RESUMO

Histone lysine crotonylation (Kcr), an evolutionarily conserved and widespread non-acetyl short-chain lysine acylation, plays important roles in transcriptional regulation and disease processes. However, the genome-wide distribution, dynamic changes, and associations with gene expression of histone Kcr during developmental processes are largely unknown. In this study, we find that histone Kcr is mainly located in active promoter regions, acts as an epigenetic hallmark of highly expressed genes, and regulates genes participating in metabolism and proliferation. Moreover, elevated histone Kcr activates bivalent promoters to stimulate gene expression in neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) by increasing chromatin openness and recruitment of RNA polymerase II (RNAP2). Functionally, these activated genes contribute to transcriptome remodeling and promote neuronal differentiation. Overall, histone Kcr marks active promoters with high gene expression and modifies the local chromatin environment to allow gene activation.


Assuntos
Histonas , Células-Tronco Neurais , Histonas/genética , Histonas/metabolismo , Lisina/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neurais/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional
12.
Am J Cancer Res ; 11(6): 2430-2455, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34249409

RESUMO

Tumor immunotherapy, especially T cell based therapy, is becoming the main force in clinical tumor therapies. Bispecific T cell engager (BiTE) uses the single chain variable fragments (scFv) of two antibodies to redirect T cells to kill target cells. BiTEs for hematologic tumors has been approved for clinical use, and BiTEs for solid tumors showed therapeutic effects in clinical trials. Oncolytic viruses (OVs) of the adenovirus expressing p53 and herpes simplex virus expressing GM-CSF was approved for clinical use in 2003 and 2015, respectively, while other OVs showed therapeutic effects in clinical trials. However, BiTE and Oncolytic virus (OV) have their own limitations. We propose that OV-BiTE has a synergistic effect on tumor immunotherapy. Feng Yu et al. designed the first OV-BiTE in 2014, which remarkably eradicated tumors in mice. Here we review the latest development of the structure, function, preclinical studies and/or clinical trials of BiTE and OV-BiTE and provide perspective views for optimizing the design of OV-BiTE. There is no doubt that OV-BiTE is becoming an exciting new platform for tumor immunotherapy and will enter clinical trial soon. Exploring the therapeutic effects and safety of OV-BiTE for synergistic tumor immunotherapy will bring new hope to tumor patients.

13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(28): 33345-33353, 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34232012

RESUMO

By virtue of their high uniformity and stability, metal oxide-based surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) substrates have attracted enormous attention for molecular trace detection. However, strategies for further enhancing the SERS sensitivity are still desired. Herein, MoOx/WOx nano-heterojunctions are constructed by mixing MoOx and WOx together (MoOx/WOx hybrid) with diverse weight ratios. Using a 532 nm laser as the excitation source and R6G as the Raman reporter, it is shown that the Raman signal intensity (for the peak @ 1360 cm-1) obtained on the optimal MoOx/WOx hybrid (MoOx/WOx = 1:1/3) is twice that observed on a pure MoOx or WOx substrate. Moreover, a limit of detection of 10-8 M and an enhancement factor of 108 are achieved. In the SERS enhancement mechanism investigation, it is revealed that MoOx and WOx form a staggered band structure. During the SERS measurement, electron-hole pairs are generated in the nano-heterojunction using the incident laser. They are then separated by the built-in potential with the electrons moving toward WOx. The accumulated electrons on WOx are further transferred to the R6G molecules through the coupling of orbitals. Consequently, the molecular polarizability is amplified, and SERS performance is enhanced. The abovementioned explanation is supported by the evidence that the contribution of the chemical enhancement mechanism in the optimal MoOx/WOx hybrid substrate is about 2.5 times or 5.9 times that in the pure WOx or MoOx substrate.

14.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(6): 1989-1997, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212603

RESUMO

Gaseous nitrogen (N) emission [nitric oxide (NO), nitrous oxide (N2O), and nitrogen (N2)] is an important pathway of soil N loss. Nitrification and denitrification are the main processes of gaseous N production in soil. However, the contribution of heterotrophic nitrification, co-denitrification, and anammox to gaseous N production remains uncertain. In a laboratory soil incubation experiment, we used the 15N labelling and pairing technique, combining the nitrification inhibitor dicyandiamide (DCD), to quantify the contribution of different microbial processes to soil NO, N2O and N2 production under anaerobic conditions. The results showed that after 24 h anaerobic incubation, the highest total 15N recovery of three gases occurred at 65% water filled pore space (WFPS), accounting for 20.0% of total added 15N. Denitrification contributed 49.9%-94.1%, 29.0%-84.7%, and 58.2%-85.8% to the production of NO, N2O and N2 respectively, suggesting that denitrification was the predominant process of those three N gases emission. Heterotrophic nitrification was an important pathway of NO and N2O production, particularly at conditions with low soil water content (10% WFPS), with its contribution to those two N gases production being 50.1% and 42.8%, respectively. Co-denitrification contributed 10.6%-30.7% of N2O production. For N2 production, the total contribution of co-denitrification and anammox was 14.2%-41.8%. The role of co-denitrification can not be ignored for N2O and N2 production. Our results demonstrated that the 15N labelling and pairing technique is a promising tool to quantify the contribution of different microbial processes to gaseous N loss.


Assuntos
Óxido Nitroso , Solo , Anaerobiose , Desnitrificação , Gases , Nitrificação , Nitrogênio/análise , Óxido Nitroso/análise
15.
Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci ; 271(7): 1255-1263, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34117915

RESUMO

Childhood trauma is one of the most prominent risk factors in developing major depressive disorder (MDD) and may lead to unfavorable outcomes of pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy in MDD. While how it modulates the treatment outcome of the repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and how sex difference may play a role in mediating this relationship remain unknown. To evaluate this question, 51 (37 women) MDD patients were treated with 10 Hz rTMS to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (lDLPFC). The experience of childhood trauma was quantified by the Childhood Traumatic Questionnaire (CTQ). The depressive severity was assessed by Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) as the primary and secondary assessments. Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) were also assessed for further confirmation. Thirty-six (70.6%) participants showed a response including 17 (33.3%) achieving remission to the rTMS treatment. The alleviation of depressive symptoms was negatively correlated with the CTQ scores, specifically in women but not men, in subjective BDI and BHS, but not objective HAMD or HAMA. We demonstrate that childhood trauma negatively affects the subjective perception of rTMS-lDLPFC treatment outcomes in female MDD patients. This highlights the importance of measuring childhood trauma-related symptoms in routine clinical rTMS treatment, as they may impact perceived efficacy.

16.
Langenbecks Arch Surg ; 406(6): 1789-1801, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34152484

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Laparoscopic surgery is the standard surgical approach for colon cancer. However, there is no standard surgery for right colectomy. Selection between total laparoscopic right colectomy (TLRC) and laparoscopic-assisted right colectomy (LARC) is a topic of interest. In this systematic review, we compared the short-term outcomes of TLRC and LARC in the treatment of right colon cancer. METHODS: We identified studies (PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Embase) comparing TLRC and LARC up to February 2021. Surgical duration; volume of intraoperative blood loss; number of harvested lymph nodes; incision length; hospitalization duration; time to first flatus; time to first defecation; and anastomotic leakage, ileus, and wound infection were compared. RESULTS: Thirty studies (TLRC, 1948 patients; LARC, 2369 patients) were evaluated. All studies were retrospective, except seven prospective studies, three RCTs, and three case-control studies. TLRC demonstrated lesser intraoperative blood loss volume (P < 0.01), less frequent intraoperative conversion to laparotomy (P = 0.02), shorter hospitalization duration (P < 0.01), smaller incision length (P < 0.01), shorter time to first flatus (P < 0.01) and first defecation (P < 0.01), and lesser frequent wound infection (P < 0.01) compared with LARC. The surgical duration, number of harvested lymph nodes, anastomotic leakage, and ileus were similar between TLRC and LARC (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: TLRC is associated with significantly earlier bowel recovery, lesser blood loss, smaller incision length, lower rate of conversion, shorter hospitalization duration, and lesser frequent wound infection compared with LARC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Laparoscopia , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Colectomia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Oncol Rep ; 46(1)2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34080662

RESUMO

Cell­cell fusion is a dynamic biological phenomenon, which plays an important role in various physiological processes, such as tissue regeneration. Similarly, normal cells, particularly bone marrow­derived cells (BMDCs), may attempt to fuse with cancer cells to rescue them. The rescue may fail, but the fused cells end up gaining the motility traits of BMDCs and become metastatic due to the resulting genomic instability. In fact, cell­cell fusion was demonstrated to occur in vivo in cancer and was revealed to promote tumor metastasis. However, its existence and role may be underestimated, and has not been widely acknowledged. In the present review, the milestones in cell fusion research were highlighted, the evidence for cell­cell fusion in vitro and in vivo in cancer was evaluated, and the current understanding of the molecular mechanisms by which cell­cell fusion occurs was summarized, to emphasize their important role in tumor metastasis. The summary provided in the present review may promote further study into this process and result in novel discoveries of strategies for future treatment of tumor metastasis.

18.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol ; 107(2): 320-326, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34110442

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd), a toxic heavy metal, is harmful to plants and human health. Glutathione (GSH) could alleviate Cd toxicity of plant species, whereas its mechanism responsible for wheat remains poorly understood. Here, we found that exogenous GSH application significantly increased the fresh and dry weight, root elongation, chlorophyll contents, while decreased the contents of malondialdehyde (MDA) and GSH, and translocation factor of Cd compared with Cd treatment. Moreover, GSH application significantly increased activities of antioxidant enzymes and expression of related genes, which involved in GSH synthesis, especially in roots. In addition, we found that GSH application suppressed Cd-induced expression of metal transporter genes TaNramp1, TaNramp5, TaHMA2, TaHMA3, TaLCT1 and TaIRT2 in roots. Taken together, our results suggested that GSH could alleviate Cd toxicity in wheat by increasing GSH synthesis gene expression or suppressing Cd transporter genes expression, and further affecting Cd uptake and translocation in wheat plants.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Triticum , Antioxidantes , Cádmio/toxicidade , Clorofila , Glutationa , Humanos , Raízes de Plantas
19.
EMBO J ; 40(15): e107497, 2021 08 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34169534

RESUMO

In selective autophagy, cargo selectivity is determined by autophagy receptors. However, it remains scarcely understood how autophagy receptors recognize specific protein cargos. In the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, a selective autophagy pathway termed Nbr1-mediated vacuolar targeting (NVT) employs Nbr1, an autophagy receptor conserved across eukaryotes including humans, to target cytosolic hydrolases into the vacuole. Here, we identify two new NVT cargos, the mannosidase Ams1 and the aminopeptidase Ape4, that bind competitively to the first ZZ domain of Nbr1 (Nbr1-ZZ1). High-resolution cryo-EM analyses reveal how a single ZZ domain recognizes two distinct protein cargos. Nbr1-ZZ1 not only recognizes the N-termini of cargos via a conserved acidic pocket, similar to other characterized ZZ domains, but also engages additional parts of cargos in a cargo-specific manner. Our findings unveil a single-domain bispecific mechanism of autophagy cargo recognition, elucidate its underlying structural basis, and expand the understanding of ZZ domain-mediated protein-protein interactions.

20.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 39(3): 274-278, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34041875

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The effect of Vps4b gene mutation on the expressions of cytokeratin 14 (CK14) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in the Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS) is investigated. METHODS: The bilateral mandibular tissues of mouse on postnatal days 5, 9, 11, 15, and 19 were removed. The mandibular first molar tissue sections were obtained after paraffin embedding. The CK14 and PCNA expressions in the epithelial root sheath of the normal mouse and Vps4b knockout mouse were compared through immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: On postnatal day 5, the normal mouse began to form HERS and had a strong positive PCNA expression in the HERS cells; on postnatal day 9, the HERS structure was continuous, and PCNA was positive in the HERS cells; on postnatal day 11, a small portion of HERS began to break, and PCNA was weakly positive in the HERS cells; on postnatal day 15, HERS continued to fracture; PCNA was weakly and positively expressed in the HERS cells on the root surface; on postnatal day 19, the tooth root reached normal physiological length, and PCNA was positively expressed in the HERS cells of the terminal part. Similar to the normal mouse, the gene knockout mouse also formed a HERS structure on postnatal day 5. However, HERS began to break on postnatal day 9. On postnatal day 19, only a few fragments of HERS were found on the root surface, and the root development was immature. Moreover, the expression intensity of PCNA in the gene knockout mouse was decreased. CONCLUSIONS: The Vps4b gene mutation may change the CK14 and PCNA expressions, leading to abnormal root development.


Assuntos
Células Epiteliais , Raiz Dentária , ATPases Associadas a Diversas Atividades Celulares , Animais , Complexos Endossomais de Distribuição Requeridos para Transporte , Queratina-14 , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação
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