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1.
Waste Manag Res ; : 734242X20953486, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008283

RESUMO

This study summarized global examples of landfill slope instability over the past 40 years, then selected 62 cases from 22 different counties to analyse the primary factors causing landfill instability. Three slope instability modes in landfill were categorized according to the position of the slip surface: (1) slip surfaces generated inside the waste pile; (2) slip surfaces that pass through the foundation soil; and (3) slip surfaces that occur along the interface between the bottom liner and the municipal solid waste (MSW) pile. These three types of slope instability modes account for 69.4%, 19.32% and 11.28% of all slope instability, respectively. Moreover, five primary causes of landfill instability were identified. A high landfill leachate level was the dominant cause, accounting for 40.32% of cases. This was followed by inadequate compaction of MSW, which accounted for 22.58% of cases, and insufficiently bearing capacity of the foundation, which accounted for 19.35% of cases. Moreover, low shear strength of the liner-MSW interface and rapid release or deflagration of landfill gas were critical factors affecting landfill stability. Factors of safety were calculated using GeoStudio software for selected landfills in China (Maoershan and Xiaping) and Sri Lanka (Meethotamulla). Results from this study are expected to contribute to the prevention and control of landfill failure.

2.
Cell Stem Cell ; 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049217

RESUMO

Differentiated somatic cells can be reprogrammed to totipotent embryos through somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) with low efficiency. The histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) has been found to improve SCNT efficiency, but the underlying mechanism remains undetermined. Here, we examined genome-wide H3K9ac during SCNT embryo development and found that aberrant H3K9ac regions resulted in reduced 2-cell genome activation. TSA treatment largely corrects aberrant acetylation in SCNT embryos with an efficiency that is dictated by the native epigenetic environment. We further identified that the overexpression of Dux greatly improves SCNT efficiency by correcting the aberrant H3K9ac signal at its target sites, ensuring appropriate 2-cell genome activation. Intriguingly, the improvement in development mediated by TSA and Kdm4b is impeded by Dux knockout in SCNT embryos. Together, our study reveals that reprogramming of H3K9ac is important for optimal SCNT efficiency and identifies Dux as a crucial transcription factor in this process.

3.
World Neurosurg ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065351

RESUMO

This paper discusses the clinical value of standardized early pregnancy ultrasound structure screening in the diagnosis of fetal central nervous system malformations. In this paper, 6902 cases (8336 fetuses) of 11~13+6 weeks of gestation (5468 cases of singleton pregnancy and 1434 cases of twin pregnancy) underwent standardized early pregnancy ultrasound structure screening, and tracked the pregnancy process and clinical outcome. The results found that 13 cases of central nervous system malformations (10 cases of single pregnancy, 3 cases of twin pregnancy) were detected by prenatal ultrasound in 6902 cases (8336 fetuses) 11~13+6 weeks of gestation, including 5 cases of exposed brain malformations, none There were 4 cases of cerebral children, 2 cases of forebrain without splitting, 1 case of meningocele, and 1 case of open spina bifida. There were 4 cases with other structural abnormalities and 3 cases with abnormal karyotype. Follow-up results of 13 fetuses: Except for 3 cases of twin malformed fetuses who continued to be pregnant after selective reduction, the ultrasound results of the remaining fetuses were consistent with the autopsy results after the induction of labor. For this reason, it can be concluded that standardized ultrasound structural screening during early pregnancy can detect fetal central nervous system malformations early, and has important clinical value in reducing the birth rate of malformed fetuses and guiding obstetric treatment.

4.
J Med Virol ; 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33095513

RESUMO

Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) inhibitors, including angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are one of the most prescribed anti-hypertensive medications. Previous studies showed RAAS inhibitors increase the expression of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE2), a cellular receptor for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which provokes a concern that the use of ACEI and ARB in hypertensive individuals might lead to increased mortality and severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). To further investigate the effects of ACEI/ARB on COVID-19 patients, we systematically reviewed relevant studies that met predetermined inclusion criteria in search of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library databases, medRxiv and bioRxiv. The search strategy included clinical data published through Oct 12, 2020. Twenty-six studies involving 8104 hypertensive patients in ACEI/ARB treated group and 8203 hypertensive patients in non-ACEI/ARB treated group were analyzed. Random-effects meta-analysis showed ACEI/ARB treatment was significantly associated with a lower risk of mortality in hypertensive COVID-19 patients (OR=0.624, 95% CI=0.457 to 0.852, p=0.003, I2 =74.3%). Meta-regression analysis showed that age, gender, study site, Newcastle-Ottawa Scale scores, co-morbidities of diabetes, coronary artery disease, chronic kidney disease, or cancer has no significant modulating effect of ACEI/ARB treatment on the mortality of hypertensive COVID-19 patients (all p-values>0.1). In addition, the ACEI/ARB treatment was associated with a lower risk of ventilatory support (OR=0.682, 95% CI=0.475 to 1.978, p=0.037, I2 =0.0%). In conclusion, these results suggest that ACEI/ARB medications should not be discontinued for hypertensive patients in the context of COVID-19 pandemic. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
J Recept Signal Transduct Res ; : 1-12, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054489

RESUMO

PURPOSE: MicroRNA (miRNA) is known to be involved in the pathological process of congenital heart disease (CHD), and nodal modulator1 (NOMO1) is a critical determinant of heart formation. The present study aims to discover the effect of miR-33a-5p and NOMO1 on CHD. METHODS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect expressions of miR-33a-5p mimic or inhibitor and overexpressed NOMO1 plasmid orNOMO1 knockdown. Human cardiomyocyte progenitor cells (hCMPCs) proliferation was measured by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) at 24, 48 and 72 h. Flow cytometry was applied to investigate hCMPCs cell cycle progression and apoptosis. Expressions of cell apoptotic proteins Bax, Cleaved(C) caspase-3 and Bcl-2, and expressions of cardiomyocyte differentiation markers GATA4, troponin T (cTnT) and myocyte enhancer factor2C (MEF2C) in hCMPCs were identified by qRT-PCR and western blot. Target genes and potential binding sites of NOMO1 and miR-33a-5p were predicted with Targetscan 7.2, and was confirmed through dual-luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: Up-regulation of miR-33a-5p inhibited hCMPCs proliferation, cell cycle G0/S transition but promoted hCMPCs apoptosis, which was partially mitigated by overexpressed NOMO1. NOMO1 was the target gene of miR-33a-5p. Expressions of Bax and C caspase-3 were enhanced but expressions of Bcl-2, GATA4, cTnT and MEF2C were reduced by up-regulation of miR-33a-5p, which was partially mitigated by overexpressed NOMO1. CONCLUSION: Up-regulation of miR-33a-5p inhibited hCMPCs proliferation, cell cycle G0/S transition and differentiation into cardiomyocytes but promoted apoptosis via targeting NOMO1.

6.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 11: 571037, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33071977

RESUMO

Background: Diabetes has been found to increase severity and mortality under the current pandemic of coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19). Up to date, the clinical characteristics of diabetes patients with COVID-19 and the risk factors for poor clinical outcomes are not clearly understood. Methods: The study was retrospectively carried out on enrolled diabetes patients with laboratory confirmed COVID-19 infection from a designated medical center for COVID-19 from January 25th, 2020 to February 14th, 2020 in Wuhan, China. The medical record was collected and reviewed. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to assess the risk factors associated with the severe events which were defined as a composite endpoint of admission to intensive care unit, the use of mechanical ventilation, or death. Results: A total of 52 diabetes patients with COVID-19 were finally included in the study. 21 (40.4%) patients had developed severe events in 27.50 (IQR 12.25-35.75) days follow-up, 15 (28.8%) patients experienced life-threatening complications and 8 patients died with a recorded mortality rate of 15.4%. Only 13 patients (41.9%) were in optimal glycemic control with HbA1c value of <7.0%. In addition to general clinical characteristics of COVID-19, the severe events diabetes patients showed higher counts of white blood cells and neutrophil, lower lymphocytes (40, 76.9%), high levels of hs-CRP, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and procalcitonin (PCT) as compared to the non-severe diabetes patients. Mild higher level of cardiac troponin I (cTNI) (32.0 pg/ml; IQR 16.80-55.00) and D-dimer (1.70 µg/L, IQR 0.70-2.40) were found in diabetes patients with severe events as compared to the non-severe patients (cTNI:20.00 pg/ml, IQR5.38-30.00, p = 0.019; D-dimer: 0.70 µg/L, IQR 0.30-2.40, p = 0.037). After adjusting age and sex, increased level of cTNI was found to significantly associate with the incidence of severe events (HR: 1.007; 95% CI: 1.000-1.013; p = 0.048), Furthermore, using of α-glucosidase inhibitors was found to be the potential protectant for severe events (HR: 0.227; 95% CI: 0.057-0.904; p = 0.035). Conclusion: Diabetes patients with COVID-19 showed poor clinical outcomes. Vigorous monitoring of cTNI should be recommended for the diabetes patients with COVID-19. Usage of α-glucosidase inhibitors could be a potential protectant for the diabetes patients with COVID-19.

7.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 18(1): 121, 2020 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32883330

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Combining ultrasound imaging with photoacoustic imaging provides tissue imaging with high contrast and resolution, thereby enabling rapid, direct measurements and the tracking of tumour growth and metastasis. Moreover, ultrasound-targeted nanobubble destruction (UTND) provides an effective way to deliver drugs, effectively increasing the content of the drug in the tumour area and reducing potential side effects, thereby successfully contributing to the treatment of tumours. RESULTS: In this study, we prepared multifunctional nanobubbles (NBs) carrying indocyanine green (ICG) and paclitaxel (PTX) (ICG-PTX NBs) and studied their applications in ultrasound imaging of prostate cancer as well as their therapeutic effects on prostate cancer when combined with UTND. ICG-PTX NBs were prepared by the mechanical oscillation method. The particle size and zeta potential of the ICG-PTX NBs were 469.5 ± 32.87 nm and - 21.70 ± 1.22 mV, respectively. The encapsulation efficiency and drug loading efficiency of ICG were 68% and 2.52%, respectively. In vitro imaging experiments showed that ICG-PTX NBs were highly amenable to multimodal imaging, including ultrasound, photoacoustic and fluorescence imaging, and the imaging effect was positively correlated with their concentration. The imaging effects of tumour xenografts also indicated that ICG-PTX NBs were of good use for multimodal imaging. In experiments testing the growth of PC-3 cells in vitro and tumour xenografts in vivo, the ICG-PTX NBs + US group showed more significant inhibition of cell proliferation and the promotion of cell apoptosis compared to the other groups (P < 0.05). Blood biochemical analysis of the six groups showed that the levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), phenylalanine aminotransferase (ALT), serum creatinine (CRE) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) in the ICG-PTX NBs and the ICG-PTX NBs + US groups were significantly lower than those in the PTX group (P < 0.05). Moreover, H&E staining of tissue sections from vital organs showed no obvious abnormalities in the ICG-PTX NBs and the ICG-PTX NBs + US groups. CONCLUSIONS: ICG-PTX NBs can be used as a non-invasive, pro-apoptotic contrast agent that can achieve multimodal imaging, including ultrasound, fluorescence and photoacoustic imaging, and can succeed in the local treatment of prostate cancer providing a potential novel method for integrated research on prostate cancer diagnosis and treatment.

8.
Neurosci Lett ; 739: 135336, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991948

RESUMO

Although motor performance training often involves action observation, it has been controversial whether individual aesthetic sport athletes benefit more from watching videos of discrete maneuvers (DMs) or continuous runs (CRs). In the present study, half-pipe snowboarding athletes completed a visual 2-back task with DM and CR conditions. To explore the neural mechanisms of action memory processing, brain hemodynamic activity during the task was monitored with functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Compared to watching CR videos, watching DM videos tended to yield better action memory performance and greater activation in the middle temporal gyrus to these athletes, suggesting that watching DM videos may have a tendency to improve action memory more effectively. Evidence of two pathways underlying half-pipe snowboarding action processing was obtained. Watching of CR videos and watching of DM videos might be associated with activation of more sensorimotor regions and more semantic regions, respectively, during memory consolidation.

9.
Pathol Res Pract ; 216(11): 153173, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32841776

RESUMO

Pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) and NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase-1 (NQO1) have been known to play significant functions in tumorigenesis and development. The association between PKM2 and NQO1 in breast cancer continues, however, to be unclear. In the present study, according to UALCAN and GEPIA database, the mRNA levels of PKM2 and NQO1 in breast primary tumor were significantly higher compared to normal breast tissue. Consonant with these findings, increased expression of both PKM2 and NQO1 were detected in clinical samples and BC cell lines. More importantly, consolidated high expression of NQO1 and PKM2 were obtained to be related with worse clinical stage, relapse, shorter relapse free survival (RFS), and poorer overall survival (OS) in human breast cancer. We subsequently found that knockdown of NQO1 reduced the protein level of PKM2 significantly. Moreover, deletion of PKM2 significantly reduced colony formation, migration and invasion of BC cells. A positive correlation between PKM2 and NQO1 expression was identified by immunohistochemical analyses of 108 specimens of breast cancer patients (rs = 0.60, P = 0.00). Finally, endogenous Co-IP demonstrated that PKM2 and NQO1 interact in breast cancer cells. The results of this study suggest that the correlation between NQO1 and PKM2 might play a critical role during breast tumourigenesis and serve as novel diagnostic biomarkers for breast cancer.

10.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(8): 635, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32801338

RESUMO

Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease that includes different molecular subtypes. The basal-like subtype has a poor prognosis and a high recurrence rate, whereas the luminal-like subtype confers a more favorable patient prognosis partially due to anti-hormone therapy responsiveness. Here, we demonstrate that diptoindonesin G (Dip G), a natural product, exhibits robust differentiation-inducing activity in basal-like breast cancer cell lines and animal models. Specifically, Dip G treatment caused a partial transcriptome shift from basal to luminal gene expression signatures and prompted sensitization of basal-like breast tumors to tamoxifen therapy. Dip G upregulated the expression of both GABARAPL1 (GABAA receptor-associated protein-like 1) and ERß. We revealed a previously unappreciated role of GABARAPL1 as a regulator in the specification of breast cancer subtypes that is dependent on ERß levels. Our findings shed light on new therapeutic opportunities for basal-like breast cancer via a phenotype switch and indicate that Dip G may serve as a leading compound for the therapy of basal-like breast cancer.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32748360

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the compression behaviors of mechanically biologically treated (MBT) wastes. For this purpose, the short-term compression-rebound and long-term compression tests were conducted on MBT wastes collected from Hangzhou Tianziling landfill in China. The results showed that the duration of immediate compression was obtained as 15.17-36.67 h and was comparable to municipal solid waste (MSW). The immediate compression ratio was 0.233-0.247, and it was comparable to the aged high food waste content (HFWC)-MSW, fresh and aged low food waste content (LFWC)-MSW, but much lower than the fresh HFWC-MSW. The mechanical creep ratio (C'αc) was 0.012-0.018, being close to the fresh and aged MSWs. The bio-induced compression ratio (C'αb) was 0.143-0.174. The compression ratio rose exponentially with temperature (5-42 °C) in both mechanical creep stage and bio-induced compression stage, and it increased much faster in the bio-induced compression stage. The resilient strains was only 2.1-3.3% of the compression strain at the same stress interval, suggesting that the compression strain consisted of mostly plastic deformation and negligible elastic deformation. The above findings can provide a reference for settlement prediction and storage capacity estimation of an MBT waste landfill.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32710796

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Aerobic glycolysis (the Warburg effect) is a distinctive metabolic hallmark of colon adenocarcinoma. Ezrin was a member of the Ezrin-Radixin-Moesin protein family and has been found profoundly implicated in tumorigenesis. However, the specific functional roles of Ezrin in metabolic reprogramming of colon adenocarcinoma remain poorly characterized and need to be explored. METHODS: The expression of Ezrin in colon adenocarcinoma tissues was screened by bioinformatics analysis and immunohistochemical assay. Si-RNA-mediated transfection and overexpression plasmid transfection were performed in colon adenocarcinoma cells. The proliferation viability was measured using MTT, colony formation, and EdU assays. The migration ability was determined using wound healing and transwell assay. The expression of EMT markers and transcriptional factors was detected using immunofluorescence staining and western blot assays. Glucose uptake, lactate production, and ATP assay were performed to validate the effect of Ezrin on glycolysis-mediated colon adenocarcinoma progression. RESULTS: Ezrin was upregulated in colon adenocarcinoma tissues and associated with poor survival. Ezrin stimulated colon adenocarcinoma cell proliferation, migration, and the process of EMT. Ezrin aroused significant increase in glucose uptake, lactate production, and ATP level in colon adenocarcinoma cells. Further investigations demonstrated that treatment with a glycolytic inhibitor 2-deoxy-d-glucose reversed the effects reduced by Ezrin on colon adenocarcinoma cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our results evidenced a novel mechanism for colon adenocarcinoma cells proliferation and migration induced by Ezrin via glycolysis.

13.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 10(8)2020 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32722542

RESUMO

In the field of rehabilitation, the electromyography (EMG) signal plays an important role in interpreting patients' intentions and physical conditions. Nevertheless, utilizing merely the EMG signal suffers from difficulty in recognizing slight body movements, and the detection accuracy is strongly influenced by environmental factors. To address the above issues, multisensory integration-based EMG pattern recognition (PR) techniques have been developed in recent years, and fruitful results have been demonstrated in diverse rehabilitation scenarios, such as achieving high locomotion detection and prosthesis control accuracy. Owing to the importance and rapid development of the EMG centered multisensory fusion technologies in rehabilitation, this paper reviews both theories and applications in this emerging field. The principle of EMG signal generation and the current pattern recognition process are explained in detail, including signal preprocessing, feature extraction, classification algorithms, etc. Mechanisms of collaborations between two important multisensory fusion strategies (kinetic and kinematics) and EMG information are thoroughly explained; corresponding applications are studied, and the pros and cons are discussed. Finally, the main challenges in EMG centered multisensory pattern recognition are discussed, and a future research direction of this area is prospected.

14.
Opt Express ; 28(12): 18507-18515, 2020 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32680048

RESUMO

We numerically demonstrate the generation of wide-band laser chaos with flat power spectrum in a 2D circular-side hexagonal resonator (CSHR) microlaser subject to long-cavity optical feedback. The bandwidth and flatness of the chaotic power spectrum are investigated under different bias currents and optical feedback rates. Under low bias current, the bandwidth under an optimized optical feedback rate increases obviously as raising bias current and the power spectrum flatten simultaneously. Under high bias current, the optimized bandwidth gradually tends toward stabilization, with corresponding flatness less than 5 dB. We compare the chaotic power spectra with small-signal modulation response (SSR) curves under different bias currents. It can be concluded that wide-band and flat SSR indicates wide-band and flat chaotic power spectrum. This work argues that we can enhance laser chaos by using a laser device with wide-band and flat SSR and simple optical feedback configuration, which is significantly beneficial to synchronization-based applications including chaos communication and key distribution.

15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(27): e20936, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629695

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a common chronic disease and poses a huge burden to health care systems. Recent studies have shown that gastrodin injection (GI) has a potential supplementary therapeutic effect on hypertension. OBJECTIVES: To systematically assess the efficacy and safety of GI in treatment of hypertension. METHODS: Systematic search was conducted on 7 databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, Wanfang database, China biomedical literature service system, VIP Chinese Sci-tech journal database and China national knowledge internet). The retrieval time was from the establishment of database to February 15, 2020. Two researchers independently selected literature, extracted data and evaluated the risk of bias in the study. The methodological quality was evaluated with Cochrane handbook. The meta-analysis was performed with Stata 14.0 software. RESULTS: Thirteen studies were included in this study involving 1525 patients. Compared with using conventional therapy alone, GI combined with conventional therapy can decrease systolic blood pressure (weighted mean difference [WMD] -6.67, 95% confidence interval [CI]: -10.30, -3.04. number of estimates [k] = 9, I = 89.3%), diastolic blood pressure (WMD -4.52, 95% CI: -7.79, -1.26. k = 9, I = 92.3%), and improve the clinical efficacy (relative risk [RR] 1.18, 95% CI: 1.10, 1.26. k = 6, I = 12.6%). CONCLUSIONS: The current evidence showed that GI combined with conventional therapy can improve systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and clinical efficacy. GI can become a supplementary treatment for hypertension.


Assuntos
Álcoois Benzílicos/uso terapêutico , Glucosídeos/uso terapêutico , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Álcoois Benzílicos/administração & dosagem , Pressão Sanguínea , Glucosídeos/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Injeções
16.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3362, 2020 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620794

RESUMO

Intrinsically and fully stretchable active-matrix-driven displays are an important element to skin electronics that can be applied to many emerging fields, such as wearable electronics, consumer electronics and biomedical devices. Here, we show for the first time a fully stretchable active-matrix-driven organic light-emitting electrochemical cell array. Briefly, it is comprised of a stretchable light-emitting electrochemical cell array driven by a solution-processed, vertically integrated stretchable organic thin-film transistor active-matrix, which is enabled by the development of chemically-orthogonal and intrinsically stretchable dielectric materials. Our resulting active-matrix-driven organic light-emitting electrochemical cell array can be readily bent, twisted and stretched without affecting its device performance. When mounted on skin, the array can tolerate to repeated cycles at 30% strain. This work demonstrates the feasibility of skin-applicable displays and lays the foundation for further materials development.


Assuntos
Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Elastômeros/química , Transistores Eletrônicos , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Eletroquímica , Éteres/química , Estudos de Viabilidade , Fluorcarbonetos/química , Luminescência , Teste de Materiais , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos/química , Pele
17.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 4289-4309, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606678

RESUMO

Objective: To construct prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-targeting, indocyanine green (ICG)-loaded nanobubbles (NBs) for multimodal (ultrasound, photoacoustic and fluorescence) imaging of prostate cancer. Methods: The mechanical oscillation method was used to prepare ICG-loaded photoacoustic NBs (ICG NBs). Then, PSMA-binding peptides were connected to the surface of ICG NBs using the biotin-avidin method to make targeted photoacoustic NBs, namely, PSMAP/ICG NBs. Their particle sizes, zeta potentials, and in vitro ultrasound, photoacoustic and fluorescence imaging were examined. Confocal laser scanning microscopy and flow cytometry were used to detect the binding ability of the PSMAP/ICG NBs to PSMA-positive LNCaP cells, C4-2 cells, and PSMA-negative PC-3 cells. The multimodal imaging effects of PSMAP/ICG NBs and ICG NBs were compared in nude mouse tumor xenografts. Results: The particle size of the PSMAP/ICG NBs was approximately 457.7 nm, and the zeta potential was approximately -23.5 mV. Both confocal laser scanning microscopy and flow cytometry confirmed that the PSMAP/ICG NBs could specifically bind to both LNCaP and C4-2 cells, but they rarely bound to PC-3 cells. The ultrasound, photoacoustic and fluorescence imaging intensities of the PSMAP/ICG NBs in vitro positively correlated with their concentrations. The ultrasound and photoacoustic imaging effects of the PSMAP/ICG NBs in LNCaP and C4-2 tumor xenografts were significantly enhanced compared with those in PC-3 tumor xenografts, which were characterized by a significantly increased duration of ultrasound enhancement and heightened photoacoustic signal intensity (P < 0.05). Fluorescence imaging showed that PSMAP/ICG NBs could accumulate in LNCaP and C4-2 tumor xenografts for a relatively long period. Conclusion: The targeted photoacoustic nanobubbles prepared in this study can specifically bind to PSMA-positive prostate cancer cells and have the ability to enhance ultrasound, photoacoustic and fluorescence imaging of PSMA-positive tumor xenografts. Photoacoustic imaging could visually display the intensity of the red photoacoustic signal in the tumor region, providing a more intuitive imaging modality for targeted molecular imaging. This study presents a potential multimodal contrast agent for the accurate diagnosis and assessment of prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Verde de Indocianina/química , Nanopartículas/química , Imagem Óptica , Técnicas Fotoacústicas , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Meios de Contraste/química , Fluorescência , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos Nus , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Tamanho da Partícula , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Antígeno Prostático Específico/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Ligação Proteica
18.
Cancer Sci ; 2020 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32639665

RESUMO

Ezrin, one of the ezrin-radixin-moesin (ERM) proteins, is involved in the formation of cell membrane processes and has been implicated in the promotion of cancer proliferation and metastasis. However, the possible role of ezrin in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) metastasis and glycolysis reprogramming has remained unclear. In this study, we found that ezrin was upregulated in HCC tissues, and its overexpression was linked with HCC patients' aggressive tumor characteristics and poor prognosis. Functional experiments further revealed that ezrin overexpression promoted HCC cell proliferation, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) progression and angiogenesis. In addition, by measuring glucose consumption, lactate production, ATP levels and the expression of glucose metabolism-related markers in HCC cells, we investigated whether ezrin regulated glucose metabolism. Moreover, 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) affected ezrin-mediated proliferation, migration and EMT of HCC cells, which suggested that ezrin may, at least in part, promote HCC progression by regulating glycolysis reprogramming. Based on our results, we proposed that ezrin was involved in HCC progression and may be a valid prognostic marker.

19.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 164: 112251, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32553346

RESUMO

The rise of mortality rate caused by hepatocellular carcinoma accelerates requirements of biosensors for early liver cancer diagnosis and treatment to improve the clinical prognosis and prolong the survival of patients. However, how to realize label-free, low-cost, easy and fast-detection is the major challenge in the design of biosensors. Water-gated organic field-effect transistors efficiently bridge the gap between semiconductor devices and biological systems, leading to an organic device suitable for health or body signal monitoring. Herein, a kind of high-performance water-gated organic field-effect transistor is developed through the optimization process. This method provides a label-free general sensing platform for the determination of liver cancer biomarker alpha-fetoprotein in 45 minutes, much quicker than traditional methods such as the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for several hours. In addition, with the detection limit lower than the cut-off value as well as the ability to achieve quantitative detection, this novel water-gated organic field-effect transistor enables a much broader analysis of other biomarkers in cancer patient samples.

20.
J Vet Sci ; 21(3): e48, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32476321

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mature oocytes at the metaphase II status (MII-stage oocytes) played an important role in assisted reproductive technology in non-human primates. OBJECTIVES: In order to improve the proportion of MII-stage oocytes retrieval, three different superovulation protocols were performed on 24 female cynomolgus monkeys. METHODS: All the monkeys received once-daily injection of follicle-stimulating hormone (25 international unit [IU]) on day 3 of the menstruation, 3-day intervals, twice daily for 8-12 days until the time of human chorionic gonadotropin (1,500 IU) injection, on the 14-17th day of menstruation collecting oocytes. The difference between protocol I and protocol II was that 0.1 mg the gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist was injected on day 1 of the menstruation, while the difference between personalized superovulation protocol and protocol II was that oocytes could be collected on the 14-17th day of menstrual cycle according to the length of each monkey. RESULTS: The total number of oocytes harvested using the personalized superovulation protocol was much higher than that using protocol I (p < 0.05), and the proportion of MII-stage oocytes was significantly greater than that from either superovulation protocol I or II (p < 0.001 and p < 0.01 respectively), while the proportion of immature oocytes at the germinal vesicle was less than that from superovulation protocol I (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The personalized superovulation protocol could increase the rate of MII-stage oocytes acquired, and successfully develop into embryos after intracytoplasmic sperm injection, and eventually generated fetus.


Assuntos
Gonadotropina Coriônica/administração & dosagem , Feto/fisiologia , Macaca fascicularis/fisiologia , Oócitos/fisiologia , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas/veterinária , Superovulação/fisiologia , Animais , Gonadotropina Coriônica/farmacologia , Feminino , Feto/embriologia
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