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1.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; : 1-35, 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856891

RESUMO

The ubiquitously-expressed proteolytic enzyme furin is closely related to the pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2, and therefore represents a key target for antiviral therapy. Based on bioinformatic analysis and pseudovirus tests, we discovered a second functional furin site located in the spike protein. Furin still increased the infectivity of mutated SARS-CoV-2 pseudovirus in 293T-ACE2 cells when the canonical polybasic cleavage site (682-686) was deleted. However, K814A mutation eliminated the enhancing effect of furin on virus infection. Furin inhibitor prevented infection by 682-686-deleted SARS-CoV-2 in 293T-ACE2-furin cells, but not the K814A mutant. K814A mutation did not affect the activity of TMPRSS2 and cathepsin L but did impact the cleavage of S2 into S2' and cell-cell fusion. Additionally, we showed that this functional furin site exists in RaTG13 from bat and PCoV-GD/GX from pangolin. Therefore, we discovered a new functional furin site which is pivotal in promoting SARS-CoV-2 infection.

2.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; : 1-30, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818119

RESUMO

AbstractSevere acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 variants have continued to emerge in diverse geographic locations with a temporal distribution. The Lambda variant containing multiple mutations in the spike protein, has thus far appeared mainly in South America. The variant harbours two mutations in the receptor binding domain, L452Q and F490S, which may change its infectivity and antigenicity to neutralizing antibodies. In this study, we constructed 10 pseudoviruses to study the Lambda variant and each individual amino acid mutation's effect on viral function, and used eight cell lines to study variant infectivity. In total, 12 monoclonal antibodies, 14 convalescent sera, and 23 immunized sera induced by mRNA vaccines, inactivated vaccine, and adenovirus type 5 vector vaccine were used to study the antigenicity of the Lambda variant. We found that compared with the D614G reference strain, Lambda demonstrated enhanced infectivity of Calu-3 and LLC-MK2 cells by 3.3-fold and 1.6-fold, respectively. Notably, the sensitivity of the Lambda variant to 5 of 12 neutralizing monoclonal antibodies, 9G11, AM180, R126, X593, and AbG3, was substantially diminished. Furthermore, convalescent- and vaccine-immunized sera showed on average 1.3-2.5-fold lower neutralizing titres against the Lambda variant. Single mutation analysis revealed that this reduction in neutralization was caused by L452Q and F490S mutations. Collectively, the reduced neutralization ability of the Lambda variant suggests that the efficacy of monoclonal antibodies and vaccines may be compromised during the current pandemic.

4.
EBioMedicine ; 74: 103649, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814051

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Shotgun metagenomics has been used clinically for diagnosing infectious diseases. However, most technical assessments have been limited to individual sets of reference standards, experimental workflows, and laboratories. METHODS: A reference panel and performance metrics were designed and used to examine the performance of shotgun metagenomics at 17 laboratories in a coordinated collaborative study. We comprehensively assessed the reliability, key performance determinants, reproducibility, and quantitative potential. FINDINGS: Assay performance varied significantly across sites and microbial classes, with a read depth of 20 millions as a generally cost-efficient assay setting. Results of mapped reads by shotgun metagenomics could indicate relative and intra-site (but not absolute or inter-site) microbial abundance. INTERPRETATION: Assay performance was significantly impacted by the microbial type, the host context, and read depth, which emphasizes the importance of these factors when designing reference reagents and benchmarking studies. Across sites, workflows and platforms, false positive reporting and considerable site/library effects were common challenges to the assay's accuracy and quantifiability. Our study also suggested that laboratory-developed shotgun metagenomics tests for pathogen detection should aim to detect microbes at 500 CFU/mL (or copies/mL) in a clinically relevant host context (10^5 human cells/mL) within a 24h turn-around time, and with an efficient read depth of 20M. FUNDING: This work was supported by National Science and Technology Major Project of China (2018ZX10102001).

5.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 1196, 2021 10 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645933

RESUMO

Emerging mutations in SARS-CoV-2 cause several waves of COVID-19 pandemic. Here we investigate the infectivity and antigenicity of ten emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants-B.1.1.298, B.1.1.7(Alpha), B.1.351(Beta), P.1(Gamma), P.2(Zeta), B.1.429(Epsilon), B.1.525(Eta), B.1.526-1(Iota), B.1.526-2(Iota), B.1.1.318-and seven corresponding single amino acid mutations in the receptor-binding domain using SARS-CoV-2 pseudovirus. The results indicate that the pseudovirus of most of the SARS-CoV-2 variants (except B.1.1.298) display slightly increased infectivity in human and monkey cell lines, especially B.1.351, B.1.525 and B.1.526 in Calu-3 cells. The K417N/T, N501Y, or E484K-carrying variants exhibit significantly increased abilities to infect mouse ACE2-overexpressing cells. The activities of furin, TMPRSS2, and cathepsin L are increased against most of the variants. RBD amino acid mutations comprising K417T/N, L452R, Y453F, S477N, E484K, and N501Y cause significant immune escape from 11 of 13 monoclonal antibodies. However, the resistance to neutralization by convalescent serum or vaccines elicited serum is mainly caused by the E484K mutation. The convalescent serum from B.1.1.7- and B.1.351-infected patients neutralized the variants themselves better than other SARS-CoV-2 variants. Our study provides insights regarding therapeutic antibodies and vaccines, and highlights the importance of E484K mutation.


Assuntos
COVID-19/virologia , SARS-CoV-2/genética , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/genética , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/terapia , Linhagem Celular , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Imunização Passiva/métodos , Mamíferos/imunologia , Camundongos , Mutação , Pandemias , Primatas/imunologia , Ligação Proteica , Tropismo/genética
6.
Natl Sci Rev ; 8(3): nwaa297, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34676096

RESUMO

Receptor recognition and subsequent membrane fusion are essential for the establishment of successful infection by SARS-CoV-2. Halting these steps can cure COVID-19. Here we have identified and characterized a potent human monoclonal antibody, HB27, that blocks SARS-CoV-2 attachment to its cellular receptor at sub-nM concentrations. Remarkably, HB27 can also prevent SARS-CoV-2 membrane fusion. Consequently, a single dose of HB27 conferred effective protection against SARS-CoV-2 in two established mouse models. Rhesus macaques showed no obvious adverse events when administrated with 10 times the effective dose of HB27. Cryo-EM studies on complex of SARS-CoV-2 trimeric S with HB27 Fab reveal that three Fab fragments work synergistically to occlude SARS-CoV-2 from binding to the ACE2 receptor. Binding of the antibody also restrains any further conformational changes of the receptor binding domain, possibly interfering with progression from the prefusion to the postfusion stage. These results suggest that HB27 is a promising candidate for immuno-therapies against COVID-19.

8.
Vaccine ; 39(41): 6050-6056, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521552

RESUMO

The development of an effective vaccine to control the global coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus- 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is of utmost importance. In this study, a synthetic DNA-based vaccine candidate, known as pSV10-SARS-CoV-2, expressing the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein was designed and tested in 39 BALB/c mice with BC01, an adjuvant derived from unmethylated CpG motif-containing DNA fragments from the Bacillus Calmette-Guerin genome. Mice vaccinated with pSV10-SARS-CoV-2 with BC01 produced early neutralizing antibodies and developed stronger humoral and cellular immune responses compared to mice that received the DNA vaccine only. Moreover, sera from mice vaccinated with pSV10-SARS-CoV-2 with BC01 can neutralize certain variants, including 614G, 614G + 472 V, 452R, 483A, 501Y.V2, and B.1.1.7. The results of this study demonstrate that the addition of BC01 to a DNA-vaccine for COVID-19 could elicit more effective neutralizing antibody titers for disease prevention.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vacinas de DNA , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Anticorpos Antivirais , Vacina BCG , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , DNA , Genômica , Humanos , Imunidade Celular , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , SARS-CoV-2 , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética
9.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 346, 2021 09 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34561414

RESUMO

Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) responses to viral infection are a form of antibody regulated immune responses mediated through the Fc fragment. Whether severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) triggered ADCC responses contributes to COVID-19 disease development is currently not well understood. To understand the potential correlation between ADCC responses and COVID-19 disease development, we analyzed the ADCC activity and neutralizing antibody response in 255 individuals ranging from asymptomatic to fatal infections over 1 year post disease. ADCC was elicited by 10 days post-infection, peaked by 11-20 days, and remained detectable until 400 days post-infection. In general, patients with severe disease had higher ADCC activities. Notably, patients who had severe disease and recovered had higher ADCC activities than patients who had severe disease and deceased. Importantly, ADCC activities were mediated by a diversity of epitopes in SARS-COV-2-infected mice and induced to comparable levels against SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (VOCs) (B.1.1.7, B.1.351, and P.1) as that against the D614G mutant in human patients and vaccinated mice. Our study indicates anti-SARS-CoV-2 ADCC as a major trait of COVID-19 patients with various conditions, which can be applied to estimate the extra-neutralization level against COVID-19, especially lethal COVID-19.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Citotoxicidade Celular Dependente de Anticorpos , COVID-19/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 347, 2021 09 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34564690

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 mutations contribute to increased viral transmissibility and immune escape, compromising the effectiveness of existing vaccines and neutralizing antibodies. An in-depth investigation on COVID-19 pathogenesis is urgently needed to develop a strategy against SARS-CoV-2 variants. Here, we identified CD147 as a universal receptor for SARS-CoV-2 and its variants. Meanwhile, Meplazeumab, a humanized anti-CD147 antibody, could block cellular entry of SARS-CoV-2 and its variants-alpha, beta, gamma, and delta, with inhibition rates of 68.7, 75.7, 52.1, 52.1, and 62.3% at 60 µg/ml, respectively. Furthermore, humanized CD147 transgenic mice were susceptible to SARS-CoV-2 and its two variants, alpha and beta. When infected, these mice developed exudative alveolar pneumonia, featured by immune responses involving alveoli-infiltrated macrophages, neutrophils, and lymphocytes and activation of IL-17 signaling pathway. Mechanistically, we proposed that severe COVID-19-related cytokine storm is induced by a "spike protein-CD147-CyPA signaling axis": Infection of SARS-CoV-2 through CD147 initiated the JAK-STAT pathway, which further induced expression of cyclophilin A (CyPA); CyPA reciprocally bound to CD147 and triggered MAPK pathway. Consequently, the MAPK pathway regulated the expression of cytokines and chemokines, which promoted the development of cytokine storm. Importantly, Meplazumab could effectively inhibit viral entry and inflammation caused by SARS-CoV-2 and its variants. Therefore, our findings provided a new perspective for severe COVID-19-related pathogenesis. Furthermore, the validated universal receptor for SARS-CoV-2 and its variants can be targeted for COVID-19 treatment.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/metabolismo , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/farmacologia , Basigina/antagonistas & inibidores , Basigina/metabolismo , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , COVID-19/metabolismo , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/tratamento farmacológico , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/genética , Animais , Basigina/genética , COVID-19/genética , Chlorocebus aethiops , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/genética , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/metabolismo , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Células Vero
11.
Small Methods ; 5(7): 2100058, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514088

RESUMO

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and the associated COVID-19 diseases are an emerging threat to global public health. Although considerable scientific research on the immune, especially antibody, responses to SARS-CoV-2 infection have been conducted, additional dominant epitopes and protective antibodies are needed for diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 patients. Here, two different phage libraries are used to identify immunogenic epitopes across the spike protein and monoclonal antibodies from COVID-19 patients. Three peptides are further characterized in the receptor-binding motif (RBM) and measured their antibody levels in COVID-19 patients, from which one identifies one most immunodominant epitope with the highest antibody response in COVID-19 patients and in immunized mice. More importantly, monoclonal antibodies specifically binding to this peptide isolated from COVID-19 patients have therapeutic potential to neutralize SARS-CoV-2 infection. Thus, the approaches to systemically identify immunogenic peptides and directly identify human monoclonal antibodies from patients will provide useful diagnostic and therapeutic tools for COVID-19 and other emerging infectious diseases.

12.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5000, 2021 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404805

RESUMO

The successive emergences and accelerating spread of novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) lineages and evolved resistance to some ongoing clinical therapeutics increase the risks associated with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. An urgent intervention for broadly effective therapies to limit the morbidity and mortality of COVID-19 and future transmission events from SARS-related coronaviruses (SARSr-CoVs) is needed. Here, we isolate and humanize an angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE2)-blocking monoclonal antibody (MAb), named h11B11, which exhibits potent inhibitory activity against SARS-CoV and circulating global SARS-CoV-2 lineages. When administered therapeutically or prophylactically in the hACE2 mouse model, h11B11 alleviates and prevents SARS-CoV-2 replication and virus-induced pathological syndromes. No significant changes in blood pressure and hematology chemistry toxicology were observed after injections of multiple high dosages of h11B11 in cynomolgus monkeys. Analysis of the structures of the h11B11/ACE2 and receptor-binding domain (RBD)/ACE2 complexes shows hindrance and epitope competition of the MAb and RBD for the receptor. Together, these results suggest h11B11 as a potential therapeutic countermeasure against SARS-CoV, SARS-CoV-2, and escape variants.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/efeitos dos fármacos , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/imunologia , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/administração & dosagem , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/mortalidade , COVID-19/virologia , Chlorocebus aethiops , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Epitopos , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Haplorrinos , Humanos , Macaca fascicularis , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Células Vero , Ativação Viral
14.
Antiviral Res ; 194: 105161, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391783

RESUMO

Ebola virus (EBOV) has emerged as a significant public health concern since the 2013-2016 outbreak in West Africa. Currently, no effective antiviral treatments have been approved for clinical use. Compound 1 RYL-634 is a quinolone-derived compound that can inhibit dihydroorotate dehydrogenase, a rate-limiting enzyme in the de novo pyrimidine synthesis pathway and it exhibited antiviral activity against multiple RNA virus infection. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of a panel of newly developed compounds based on RYL-634 against EBOV infection. Our data showed that RYL-634 as well as its derivatives are effective against EBOV transcription- and replication-competent virus-like particle (trVLP) infection and authentic EBOV infection in vitro at low nanomolar IC50 values and relatively high CC50. Of note, the new derivative RYL-687 had the lowest IC50 at approximately 7 nM and was almost 6 times more potent than remdesivir (GS-5734). Exogenous addition of different metabolites in the pyrimidine de novo synthesis pathway confirmed DHODH as the target of RYL-687. These data provide evidence that such quinolone-derived compounds are promising therapeutic candidates against EBOV infection.

15.
Bioorg Chem ; 115: 105196, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333425

RESUMO

So far, there is still no specific drug against COVID-19. Taking compound 1 with anti-EBOV activity as the lead, fifty-four 12N-substituted aloperine derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for the anti-SARS-CoV-2 activities using pseudotyped virus model. Among them, 8a exhibited the most potential effects against both pseudotyped and authentic SARS-CoV-2, as well as SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV, indicating a broad-spectrum anti-coronavirus profile. The mechanism study disclosed that 8a might block a late stage of viral entry, mainly via inhibiting host cathepsin B activity rather than directly targeting cathepsin B protein. Also, 8a could significantly reduce the release of multiple inflammatory cytokines in a time- and dose-dependent manner, such as IL-6, IL-1ß, IL-8 and MCP-1, the major contributors to cytokine storm. Therefore, 8a is a promising agent with the advantages of broad-spectrum anti-coronavirus and anti-cytokine effects, thus worthy of further investigation.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Piperidinas/farmacologia , Quinolizidinas/farmacologia , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Internalização do Vírus/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antivirais/síntese química , Antivirais/farmacocinética , Antivirais/toxicidade , Catepsina B/antagonistas & inibidores , Chlorocebus aethiops , Citocinas/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estrutura Molecular , Piperidinas/síntese química , Piperidinas/farmacocinética , Piperidinas/toxicidade , Quinolizidinas/síntese química , Quinolizidinas/farmacocinética , Quinolizidinas/toxicidade , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Vero
16.
Front Immunol ; 12: 687869, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34220844

RESUMO

To determine whether the neutralization activity of monoclonal antibodies, convalescent sera and vaccine-elicited sera was affected by the top five epidemic SARS-CoV-2 variants in the UK, including D614G+L18F+A222V, D614G+A222V, D614G+S477N, VOC-202012/01(B.1.1.7) and D614G+69-70del+N439K, a pseudovirus-neutralization assay was performed to evaluate the relative neutralization titers against the five SARS-CoV-2 variants and 12 single deconvolution mutants based on the variants. In this study, 18 monoclonal antibodies, 10 sera from convalescent COVID-19 patients, 10 inactivated-virus vaccine-elicited sera, 14 mRNA vaccine-elicited sera, nine RBD-immunized mouse sera, four RBD-immunized horse sera, and four spike-encoding DNA-immunized guinea pig sera were tested and analyzed. The N501Y, N439K, and S477N mutations caused immune escape from nine of 18 mAbs. However, the convalescent sera, inactivated virus vaccine-elicited sera, mRNA vaccine-elicited sera, spike DNA-elicited sera, and recombinant RBD protein-elicited sera could still neutralize these variants (within three-fold changes compared to the reference D614G variant). The neutralizing antibody responses to different types of vaccines were different, whereby the response to inactivated-virus vaccine was similar to the convalescent sera.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , COVID-19/terapia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Animais , COVID-19/imunologia , Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , Linhagem Celular , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Imunização Passiva , Camundongos , Testes de Neutralização/métodos , Reino Unido , Vacinação
17.
Virol Sin ; 36(5): 934-947, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34224110

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has precipitated multiple variants resistant to therapeutic antibodies. In this study, 12 high-affinity antibodies were generated from convalescent donors in early outbreaks using immune antibody phage display libraries. Of them, two RBD-binding antibodies (F61 and H121) showed high-affinity neutralization against SARS-CoV-2, whereas three S2-target antibodies failed to neutralize SARS-CoV-2. Following structure analysis, F61 identified a linear epitope located in residues G446-S494, which overlapped with angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) binding sites, while H121 recognized a conformational epitope located on the side face of RBD, outside from ACE2 binding domain. Hence the cocktail of the two antibodies achieved better performance of neutralization to SARS-CoV-2. Importantly, these two antibodies also showed efficient neutralizing activities to the variants including B.1.1.7 and B.1.351, and reacted with mutations of N501Y, E484K, and L452R, indicated that it may also neutralize the recent India endemic strain B.1.617. The unchanged binding activity of F61 and H121 to RBD with multiple mutations revealed a broad neutralizing activity against variants, which mitigated the risk of viral escape. Our findings revealed the therapeutic basis of cocktail antibodies against constantly emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants and provided promising candidate antibodies to clinical treatment of COVID-19 patients infected with broad SARS-CoV-2 variants.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Humanos , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus
18.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 10(1): 1519-1529, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34278967

RESUMO

The spike (S) protein of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) mutated continuously and newly emerging variants escape from antibody-mediated neutralization raised great concern. S protein is heavily glycosylated and the glycosylation sites are relatively conserved, thus glycans on S protein surface could be a target for the development of anti-SARS-CoV-2 strategies against variants. Here, we collected 12 plant-derived lectins with different carbohydrate specificity and evaluated their anti-SARS-CoV-2 activity against mutant strains and epidemic variants using a pseudovirus-based neutralization assay. The Lens culinaris-derived lentil lectin which specifically bind to oligomannose-type glycans and GlcNAc at the non-reducing end terminus showed most potent and broad antiviral activity against a panel of mutant strains and variants, including the artificial mutants at N-/O-linked glycosylation site, natural existed amino acid mutants, as well as the epidemic variants B.1.1.7, B.1.351, and P.1. Lentil lectin also showed antiviral activity against SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV. We found lentil lectin could block the binding of ACE2 to S trimer and inhibit SARS-CoV-2 at the early steps of infection. Using structural information and determined N-glycan profile of S trimer, taking together with the carbohydrate specificity of lentil lectin, we provide a basis for the observed broad spectrum anti-SARS-CoV-2 activity. Lentil lectin showed weak haemagglutination activity at 1 mg/mL and no cytotoxicity activity, and no weight loss was found in single injection mouse experiment. This report provides the first evidence that lentil lectin strongly inhibit infection of SARS-COV-2 variants, which should provide valuable insights for developing future anti-SARS-CoV-2 strategies.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Lens (Planta)/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Lectinas de Plantas/farmacologia , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antivirais/química , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Extratos Vegetais/química , Lectinas de Plantas/química , SARS-CoV-2/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Sementes/química
19.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 10(1): 1574-1588, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289779

RESUMO

A safe and effective vaccine is urgently needed to control the unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic. Four adenovirus-vectored vaccines expressing spike (S) protein have been approved for use. Here, we generated several recombinant chimpanzee adenovirus (AdC7) vaccines expressing S, receptor-binding domain (RBD), or tandem-repeat dimeric RBD (RBD-tr2). We found vaccination via either intramuscular or intranasal route was highly immunogenic in mice to elicit both humoral and cellular immune responses. AdC7-RBD-tr2 showed higher antibody responses compared to either AdC7-S or AdC7-RBD. Intranasal administration of AdC7-RBD-tr2 additionally induced mucosal immunity with neutralizing activity in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Either single-dose or two-dose mucosal administration of AdC7-RBD-tr2 protected mice against SARS-CoV-2 challenge, with undetectable subgenomic RNA in lung and relieved lung injury. AdC7-RBD-tr2-elicted sera preserved the neutralizing activity against the circulating variants, especially the Delta variant. These results support AdC7-RBD-tr2 as a promising COVID-19 vaccine candidate.


Assuntos
Adenoviridae/genética , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Administração Intranasal , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , COVID-19 , Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , Vacinas contra COVID-19/genética , Chlorocebus aethiops , Feminino , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , Injeções Intramusculares , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pan troglodytes/virologia , Ligação Proteica , SARS-CoV-2/genética , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/administração & dosagem , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Vacinação , Células Vero
20.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4210, 2021 07 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34244522

RESUMO

Neutralizing antibodies (nAbs) to SARS-CoV-2 hold powerful potentials for clinical interventions against COVID-19 disease. However, their common genetic and biologic features remain elusive. Here we interrogate a total of 165 antibodies from eight COVID-19 patients, and find that potent nAbs from different patients have disproportionally high representation of IGHV3-53/3-66 usage, and therefore termed as public antibodies. Crystal structural comparison of these antibodies reveals they share similar angle of approach to RBD, overlap in buried surface and binding residues on RBD, and have substantial spatial clash with receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE2) in binding to RBD. Site-directed mutagenesis confirms these common binding features although some minor differences are found. One representative antibody, P5A-3C8, demonstrates extraordinarily protective efficacy in a golden Syrian hamster model against SARS-CoV-2 infection. However, virus escape analysis identifies a single natural mutation in RBD, namely K417N found in B.1.351 variant from South Africa, abolished the neutralizing activity of these public antibodies. The discovery of public antibodies and shared escape mutation highlight the intricate relationship between antibody response and SARS-CoV-2, and provide critical reference for the development of antibody and vaccine strategies to overcome the antigenic variation of SARS-CoV-2.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/imunologia , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Receptores Virais/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/metabolismo , Animais , Sítios de Ligação/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , Cricetinae , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Epitopos/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Testes de Neutralização , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos B/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia
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