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1.
Ocul Immunol Inflamm ; 28(1): 133-141, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30395736

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate whether there is an association between circulating S100A8/A9 levels and uveitis activity.Methods: A total of 549 plasma samples were collected from uveitis patients and non-uveitic controls.Results: S100A8/A9 plasma levels were elevated in uveitis patients compared to non-uveitic controls (P < 0.001). S100A8/A9 plasma levels in patients with active acute anterior uveitis (AAU) were significantly elevated and remarkably decreased in parallel with the severity of intraocular inflammation after corticosteroid treatment (P < 0.001). S100A8/A9 plasma levels were also higher in AAU patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) than in patients without AS (P = 0.02). S100A8/A9 plasma levels were significantly increased in uveitis patients with elevated C-reactive protein (CRP, P = 0.004) or erythrocyte sedimentation rates (ESR, P = 0.049) levels compared to uveitis patients with normal CRP or ESR values.Conclusion: Circulating S100A8/A9 might be a useful biomarker for the measurement of intraocular inflammation.

2.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(4): 1529-1536, 2019 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31087892

RESUMO

Mass concentration, seasonal variation and sources of organic carbon (OC), element carbon (EC), methanol-soluble organic carbon (MSOC), and seven carbon components (OC1-4, EC1-3) were detected by thermal-optical analysis of 353 PM2.5 samples in Xi'an in 2017. The results show that the average mass concentrations of OC, EC, and MSOC were (17.56±11.83), (4.08±2.95) and (11.10±6.77) µg·m-3, respectively. The seasonal trend of the OC concentration follows the order winter > spring > summer > autumn. The seasonal trend in EC concentration follows the order winter > spring≈autumn > summer. The average MSOC/OC value is 0.64±0.20. The highest value is observed in winter and the lowest in summer. The correlation between OC and EC is good in spring (r2=0.76), but the correlation is poor in winter (r2=0.43). These results indicate that the source of the carbon aerosols was different. The content of secondary organic aerosols was estimated by the EC tracing method. The average mass concentration of SOC accounted for 51.9%, 38.4%, 37.3% and 44.0% of OC in spring, summer, autumn, and winter, respectively. The main sources of carbonaceous aerosols were analyzed by principal component analysis. The results show that carbonaceous aerosols originate mainly from coal and vehicle emissions in Xi'an.

3.
Ann Pharmacother ; 53(10): 1005-1019, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129978

RESUMO

Background: Adverse drug outcomes in the elderly have led to the development of lists of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs), such as the Beers criteria, and these PIMs have been studied widely; however, it is still unclear whether PIM use is predictive of adverse outcomes in older people. Objective: To qualitatively examine the associations between exposure to PIMs from the general Beers criteria and the Screening Tool of Older Persons' Prescriptions list and adverse outcomes, such as adverse drug reactions (ADRs)/adverse drug events (ADEs), hospitalization, and mortality. Methods: Specified databases were searched from inception to February 1, 2018. Two reviewers independently selected studies that met the inclusion criteria, assessed study quality, and extracted data. Data were pooled using Stata 12.0. The outcomes were ADRs/ADEs, hospitalization, and mortality. Results: A total of 33 studies met the inclusion criteria. The combined analysis revealed a statistically significant association between ADRs/hospitalizations and PIMs (odds ratio [OR] = 1.44, 95% CI = 1.33-1.56; OR = 1.27, 95% CI = 1.20-1.35), but no statistically significant association was found between mortality and PIMs (OR = 1.04; 95% CI = 0.75-1.45). It is interesting to note that the results changed when different continents/criteria were used for the analysis. Compared with the elderly individuals exposed to 1 PIM, the risk of adverse health outcomes was much higher for those who took ≥2 PIMs. Conclusion and Relevance: We recommend that clinicians avoid prescribing PIMs for older adults whenever feasible. In addition, the observed associations should be generalized to other countries with different PIM criteria with caution.

4.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(1): 127-136, 2019 Jan 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30907533

RESUMO

Enclosing is an effective rehabilitation measure for degraded pastures that mimics natural recovery of vegetation. To examine the interaction between biotic and abiotic in lightly degraded and enclosing grasslands is helpful for a clear understanding of the structure and function of grassland ecosystem. In this study, soil microbial community and soil stoichiometric characteristics in lightly degraded and 10-year enclosing alpine meadows were studied by high-throughput sequencing and Biolog-Eco methods. The results showed that compared with lightly degraded grassland, the concentration of soil NH4+-N in the enclosing grassland increased significantly, while total K (TK) dramatically decreased. There was no obvious variation in soil total organic carbon (TOC), total N (TN), total P (TP), NO3--N, available P (AP), available K (AK), microbial biomass C (MBC) and microbial biomass N (MBN). The soil microbial biomass C/N was significantly enhanced. The carbon metabolic capabilities of soil microbes in different soil layers of alpine mea-dow were obviously increased with the prolonged incubation time, but there was no significant difference between lightly degraded and enclosed meadows. The OTUs of soil bacteria was significantly higher than that of fungi in alpine meadow. The microbial similarity between lightly degraded and fencing grasslands was 27.0%-32.7%. Enclosing significantly increased the fungal relative richness of Ascomycota, Zygomycetes and Chytridiomycota, while simultaneously decreased the rela-tive abundance of Basidiomycetes. Compared with lightly degraded meadow, the bacterial relative richness of Acidobacteria significantly decreased in enclosing meadow. The community composition of soil fungi and bacteria greatly varied among different soil layers. There was significant difference of fungal community composition in the upper soils between lightly degraded and enclosed grassland. The soil bacterial community diversity was greatly affected by soil TN and AK, while the fungal community diversity was significantly affected by plant aboveground biomass. Soil AK produced great influence on soil microbial carbon source utilization capacity. Generally, long-term grazing exclosure had no significant effects on soil nutrients and soil microbial community diversity of lightly degraded grassland and thus would waste the pasture resources, whereas appropriate grazing could maintain the sustainable utilization of grassland.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Pradaria , Microbiota , Microbiologia do Solo , Carbono , Solo
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 19(12)2018 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30558169

RESUMO

Acetaminophen (APAP) is a widely used analgesic and antipyretic drug that leads to severe hepatotoxicity at excessive doses. Fucoidan, a sulfated polysaccharide derived from brown seaweeds, possesses a wide range of pharmacological properties. However, the impacts of fucoidan on APAP-induced liver injury have not been sufficiently addressed. In the present study, male Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice aged 6 weeks were subjected to a single APAP (500 mg/kg) intraperitoneal injection after 7 days of fucoidan (100 or 200 mg/kg/day) or bicyclol intragastric administration. The mice continued to be administered fucoidan or bicyclol once per day, and were sacrificed at an indicated time. The indexes evaluated included liver pathological changes, levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in the serum, levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH) and catalase (CAT) in the liver, and related proteins levels (CYP2E1, pJNK and Bax). Furthermore, human hepatocyte HL-7702 cell line was used to elucidate the potential molecular mechanism of fucoidan. The mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2) translocation in HL-7702 cells were determined. The results showed that fucoidan pretreatment reduced the levels of ALT, AST, ROS, and MDA, while it enhanced the levels of GSH, SOD, and CAT activities. Additionally, oxidative stress-induced phosphorylated c-Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK) and decreased MMP were attenuated by fucoidan. Although the nuclear Nrf2 was induced after APAP incubation, fucoidan further enhanced Nrf2 in cell nuclei and total expression of Nrf2. These results indicated that fucoidan ameliorated APAP hepatotoxicity, and the mechanism might be related to Nrf2-mediated oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen/efeitos adversos , Compostos de Bifenilo/administração & dosagem , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Polissacarídeos/administração & dosagem , Animais , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/citologia , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Humanos , Injeções Intraperitoneais , Masculino , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Transporte Proteico/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 19(9)2018 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30200365

RESUMO

Dihydromyricetin (DMY), one of the flavonoids in vine tea, exerts several pharmacological actions. However, it is not clear whether DMY has a protective effect on pressure overload-induced myocardial hypertrophy. In the present study, male C57BL/6 mice aging 8⁻10 weeks were subjected to transverse aortic constriction (TAC) surgery after 2 weeks of DMY (250 mg/kg/day) intragastric administration. DMY was given for another 2 weeks after surgery. Blood pressure, myocardial structure, cardiomyocyte cross-sectional area, cardiac function, and cardiac index were observed. The level of oxidative stress in the myocardium was assessed with dihydroethidium staining. Our results showed that DMY had no significant effect on the blood pressure. DMY decreased inter ventricular septum and left ventricular posterior wall thickness, relative wall thickness, cardiomyocyte cross-sectional areas, as well as cardiac index after TAC. DMY pretreatment also significantly reduced arterial natriuretic peptide (ANP), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) mRNA and protein expressions, decreased reactive oxygen species production and malondialdehyde (MDA) level, while increased total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), expression of sirtuin 3 (SIRT3), forkhead-box-protein 3a (FOXO3a) and SOD2, and SIRT3 activity in the myocardium of mice after TAC. Taken together, DMY ameliorated TAC induced myocardial hypertrophy in mice related to oxidative stress inhibition and SIRT3 pathway enhancement.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Cardiomegalia/tratamento farmacológico , Flavonóis/uso terapêutico , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Sirtuína 3/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Cardiomegalia/etiologia , Flavonóis/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/complicações
7.
Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 2747461, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30148162

RESUMO

Exosomes are emerging as essential vehicles mediated cross-talk between different types of cells in tumor microenvironment. The extensive exploration of exosomes in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) enhances our comprehension of cancer biology referring to tumor growth, metastasis, immune evasion, and chemoresistance. Besides, the versatile roles of exosomes provide reasonable explanations for the propensity for liver metastasis of gastric cancer, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, breast cancer, and colorectal cancer. The selective-enriched components, especially some specific proteins and noncoding RNAs in exosomes, have great potential as noninvasive biomarkers of HCC with high sensitivity and specificity. The characteristics of exosomes further inspire frontier research to interrupt intercellular malignant signals by controlling the biogenesis, release, or contents of exosomes.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Exossomos , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Microambiente Tumoral
8.
Environ Pollut ; 240: 34-43, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29729567

RESUMO

Chemical mass balance (CMB) modeling and radiocarbon measurements were combined to evaluate the sources of carbonaceous fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in Shenzhen, China during and after the 2011 summer Universiade games when air pollution control measurements were implemented to achieve air quality targets. Ambient PM2.5 filter samples were collected daily at two sampling sites (Peking University Shenzhen campus and Longgang) over 24 consecutive days, covering the controlled and uncontrolled periods. During the controlled period, the average PM2.5 concentration was less than half of what it was after the controls were lifted. Organic carbon (OC), organic molecular markers (e.g., levoglucosan, hopanes, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons), and secondary organic carbon (SOC) tracers were all significantly lower during the controlled period. After pollution controls ended, at Peking University, OC source contributions included gasoline and diesel engines (24%), coal combustion (6%), biomass burning (12.2%), vegetative detritus (2%), biogenic SOC (from isoprene, α-pinene, and ß-caryophyllene; 7.1%), aromatic SOC (23%), and other sources not included in the model (25%). At Longgang after the controls ended, similar source contributions were observed: gasoline and diesel engines (23%), coal combustion (7%), biomass burning (17.7%), vegetative detritus (1%), biogenic SOC (from isoprene, α-pinene, and ß-caryophyllene; 5.3%), aromatic SOC (13%), and other sources (33%). The contributions of the following sources were smaller during the pollution controls: biogenic SOC (by a factor of 10-16), aromatic SOC (4-12), coal combustion (1.5-6.8), and biomass burning (2.3-4.9). CMB model results and radiocarbon measurements both indicated that fossil carbon dominated over modern carbon, regardless of pollution controls. However, the CMB model needs further improvement to apportion contemporary carbon (i.e. biomass burning, biogenic SOC) in this region. This work defines the major contributors to carbonaceous PM2.5 in Shenzhen and demonstrates that control measures for primary emissions could significantly reduce secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Material Particulado/análise , Aerossóis/análise , Poluição do Ar , Biomassa , Butadienos , Carbono/análise , China , Gasolina , Hemiterpenos , Pentanos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Estações do Ano
9.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 101: 543-552, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29505925

RESUMO

As the most abundant flavonoid in Ampelopsis grossedentata, the protective effects of dihydromyricetin on atherosclerosis have been well established, yet the detailed mechanisms are not fully understood. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of dihydromyricetin on lipid accumulation and the underlying molecular mechanisms in macrophages and ApoE-/- mice. Incubation with dihydromyricetin significantly attenuated oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-mediated cholesterol and lipid accumulation in THP-1-derived macrophages, which was due to increased cholesterol efflux. In addition, dihydromyricetin increased mRNA and protein expressions of ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) and ABCG1 but had no effect on the mRNA and protein expressions of SR-A, CD36, or SR-BI involved in cholesterol homeostasis. Furthermore, the upregulation of ABCA1 and ABCG1 by dihydromyricetin depended on liver X receptor α (LXRα), as evidenced by an increase in the nuclear level of LXRα and its prevention of the expression of ABCA1 and ABCG1 after inhibition of LXRα activity by knockdown of LXRα expression with small interfering RNA (siRNA). Accordingly, dihydromyricetin-mediated suppression of cholesterol and lipid accumulation in macrophages was also abrogated by LXRα siRNA. Moreover, the lesion size of atherosclerosis was smaller in dihydromyricetin-treated ApoE-/- mice compared with the vehicle-treated mice, and the protein expression of CD36, SR-A, ABCA1, ABCG1 and LXRα in aortas was modulated similar to that observed in THP-1-derived macrophages. These data suggest that promotion of LXRα-ABCA1/ABCG1-dependent cholesterol efflux is crucial event in suppression of lipid accumulation by dihydromyricetin in the transformation of macrophage foam cells.


Assuntos
Transportador 1 de Cassete de Ligação de ATP/biossíntese , Membro 1 da Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/biossíntese , Colesterol/metabolismo , Flavonóis/farmacologia , Células Espumosas/metabolismo , Receptores X do Fígado/biossíntese , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Animais , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Flavonóis/uso terapêutico , Células Espumosas/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Células THP-1
10.
World J Gastroenterol ; 24(3): 323-337, 2018 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29391755

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate micro (mi)R-34a-antagonizing circular (circ)RNA that underlies hepatocellular steatosis. METHODS: The effect of circRNA on miR-34a was recognized by the miRNA response element (MRE), and validated by the dual-luciferase reporter assay. Its association with hepatocellular steatosis was investigated in HepG2-based hepatocellular steatosis induced by free fatty acids (FFAs; 2:1 oleate:palmitate) stimulation. After normalization of the steatosis-related circRNA by expression vector, analysis of miR-34a activity, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)α level, and expression of downstream genes were carried out so as to reveal its impact on the miR-34a/PPARα regulatory system. Both triglyceride (TG) assessment and cytopathological manifestations uncovered the role of circRNA in miR-34a-dependent hepatosteatogenesis. RESULTS: Bioinformatic and functional analysis verified circRNA_0046366 to antagonize the activity of miR-34a via MRE-based complementation. In contrast to its lowered level during FFA-induced hepatocellular steatosis, circRNA_0046366 up-regulation abolished the miR-34a-dependent inhibition of PPARα that played a critical role in metabolic signaling pathways. PPARα restoration exerted transcriptional improvement to multiple genes responsible for lipid metabolism. TG-specific lipolytic genes [carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A (CPT1A) and solute-carrier family 27A (SLC27A)] among these showed significant increase in their expression levels. The circRNA_0046366-related rebalancing of lipid homeostasis led to dramatic reduction of TG content, and resulted in the ameliorated phenotype of hepatocellular steatosis. CONCLUSION: Dysregulation of circRNA_0046366/miR-34a/PPARα signaling may be a novel epigenetic mechanism underlying hepatocellular steatosis. circRNA_0046366 serves as a potential target for the treatment of hepatic steatosis.


Assuntos
Redes e Vias Metabólicas/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , PPAR alfa/genética , RNA/metabolismo , Carnitina O-Palmitoiltransferase/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte de Ácido Graxo/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos não Esterificados/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Fígado/citologia , Fígado/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/etiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , PPAR alfa/metabolismo , RNA/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Elementos de Resposta/genética , Triglicerídeos/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
11.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 5(1): 1700455, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29375972

RESUMO

Ocular inflammations are common diseases that may lead to serious vision-threatening obstacles. Eye drops for antiinflammation therapy need to be administered multiple times daily at a high dosage due to the rapid precorneal removal and low bioavailability of drugs. To overcome these problems, a cRGD-functionalized DSPE-PEG2000 nanomicelle (DSPE-PEG2000-cRGD) encapsulated with flurbiprofen is proposed. The tailored nanomicelles trigger specific binding to integrin receptors on the ocular surface, which leads to rapid and robust mucoadhesion, superior ocular surface retention, and transcorneal penetration behaviors of nanomicelles. Due to the enhanced drug delivery on ocular surface and in aqueous humor, the functionalized nanoformulation significantly improves ocular antiinflammation efficacy at a low dosage by blocking the synthesis of inflammatory mediators and cytokines. The present study demonstrates a promising strategy that uses a functional peptide combined with nanomicelles for targeted delivery to the eye in ophthalmologic applications.

12.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2017: 3960197, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29018509

RESUMO

Hepatic steatosis reflects the miRNA-related pathological disorder with triglyceride accumulation and lipid peroxidation, which leads to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, liver fibrosis/cirrhosis, and even hepatocellular carcinoma. Circular RNA (circRNA)/miRNA interaction reveals a novel layer of epigenetic regulation, yet the miRNA-targeting circRNA remains uncertain in hepatic steatosis. Here, we uncover circRNA_0046367 to be endogenous modulator of miR-34a that underlies hepatic steatosis. In contrast to its expression loss during the hepatocellular steatosis in vivo and in vitro, circRNA_0046367 normalization abolished miR-34a's inhibitory effect on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) via blocking the miRNA/mRNA interaction with miRNA response elements (MREs). PPARα restoration led to the transcriptional activation of genes associated with lipid metabolism, including carnitine palmitoyltransferase 2 (CPT2) and acyl-CoA binding domain containing 3 (ACBD3), and then resulted in the steatosis resolution. Hepatotoxicity of steatosis-related lipid peroxidation, being characterized by mitochondrial dysfunction, growth arrest, and apoptosis, is resultantly prevented after the circRNA_0046367 administration. These findings indicate a circRNA_0046367/miR-34a/PPARα regulatory system underlying hepatic steatosis. Normalized expression of circRNA_0046367 may ameliorate the lipoxidative stress on the basis of steatosis attenuation. circRNA_0046367, therefore, is suggested to be potential approach to the therapy of lipid peroxidative damage.


Assuntos
Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/terapia , RNA/metabolismo , Triglicerídeos/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia
13.
Saudi J Biol Sci ; 24(6): 1126-1135, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28855803

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a kind of small single-strand RNA molecules with lengths of 18-25 nt, which do not encode any proteins. They play an essential role in gene expression regulation by binding to their target genes, leading to translational repression or transcript degradation. In this study, 23 miRNAs were predicted from five cyprinidae fishes by using a bioinformatics-based gene search based on blasting ESTs and GSS in NCBI, of which 21 miRNA genes have not been previously reported. To prove their validity, five of the computationally predicted miRNAs were verified by RTPCR, their transcripts were successfully detected, and, 46 potential target genes for these miRNAs were predicted, most target genes encode transcription factors, they are involved in signal transduction, metabolism and development processes.

14.
J Diabetes Res ; 2017: 4740124, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28695131

RESUMO

PNPLA3 polymorphisms serve as the genetic basis of hepatic steatosis in normal population and lead to dysregulated glucose metabolism. Whether it underlies the hepatic steatosis and glucose homeostasis in chronic hepatitis B patients remains uncertain. Here, we investigated the PNPLA3 polymorphisms in biopsy-proven chronic hepatitis B patients with (CHB+HS group, n = 52) or without hepatic steatosis (CHB group, n = 47) and non-CHB subjects with (HS group, n = 37) or without hepatic steatosis (normal group, n = 45). When compared to the TT genotype, C-allele at PNPLA3 rs1010023 (CC and TC genotypes) conferred higher risk to hepatic steatosis in chronic hepatitis B patients (odds ratio (OR) = 1.768, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.027-3.105; P = 0.045) independent of age, gender, and body mass index. In contrast to their role in hepatic steatosis, CC and TC genotypes of PNPLA3 rs1010023 were correlated to significant improvement of homeostasis model assessment index (HOMA-IR) as compared to TT genotype in the CHB+HS group. Downregulated fasting blood glucose also characterized the CHB+HS patients with C-allele at PNPLA3 rs1010023 (CC/TC versus TT: 4.81 ± 0.92 mmol/L versus 5.86 ± 2.11 mmol/L, P = 0.02). These findings suggest that PNPLA3 rs1010023 may predispose chronic hepatitis B patients to hepatic steatosis but protects them from glucose dysregulation by attenuating insulin resistance.


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , Fígado Gorduroso/genética , Hepatite B Crônica/genética , Resistência à Insulina/genética , Lipase/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Hepatite B Crônica/patologia , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
15.
Biomed Res Int ; 2017: 5936171, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28717649

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) exhibit a wide range of physiological and pathological activities. To uncover their role in hepatic steatosis, we investigated the expression profile of circRNAs in HepG2-based hepatic steatosis induced by high-fat stimulation. Differentially expressed circRNAs were subjected to validation using QPCR and functional analyses using principal component analysis, hierarchical clustering, target prediction, gene ontology (GO), and pathway annotation, respectively. Bioinformatic integration established the circRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulatory network so as to identify the mechanisms underlying circRNAs' metabolic effect. Here we reported that hepatic steatosis was associated with a total of 357 circRNAs. Enrichment of transcription-related GOs, especially GO: 0006355, GO: 004589, GO: 0045944, GO: 0045892, and GO: 0000122, demonstrated their specific actions in transcriptional regulation. Lipin 1 (LPIN1) was recognized to mediate the transcriptional regulatory effect of circRNAs on metabolic pathways. circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network further identified the signaling cascade of circRNA_021412/miR-1972/LPIN1, which was characterized by decreased level of circRNA_021412 and miR-1972-based inhibition of LPIN1. LPIN1-induced downregulation of long chain acyl-CoA synthetases (ACSLs) expression finally resulted in the hepatosteatosis. These findings identify circRNAs to be important regulators of hepatic steatosis. Transcription-dependent modulation of metabolic pathways may underlie their effects, partially by the circRNA_021412/miR-1972/LPIN1 signaling.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional/métodos , Fígado Gorduroso/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , RNA/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Transcrição Genética
16.
Anim Sci J ; 88(7): 983-990, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28677264

RESUMO

In the present study, the effect of dietary procyanidin (PCA, from pine needles) supplementation on the innate immunity of broilers were investigated. The experiment was designed as a 2 × 4 factorial arrangement (eight cages / treatment; six birds (one-day-old) / cage) with dietary PCA concentrations (0, 0.05, 0.075 and 0.1%) and two immune treatments (injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (0.5 mg/kg body weight) or saline). LPS was dissolved in sterile 9 g/L (w/v) NaCl solution at 16, 18, 20 days of age to mimic immune stress. The remaining birds were injected with saline as a placebo. The results indicated that, prior to LPS challenge, the PCA diet had no significant effect on bird growth performance. The injection of LPS was also not associated with any significant changes in poultry performance. LPS injection increased the activity of nitrogen oxides (NOx) and the concentrations of inflammatory cytokines (interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), IL-2, IL-4, IL-6 and IL-10) in serum; dietary PCA decreased these concentrations (P < 0.05) in the PCA 0.1% group, further illustrating the immune effect of PCA. In conclusion, PCA supplementation has a beneficial effect on LPS challenge, which may be associated with the inhibition of the secretion of cytokines and decrease in the proinflammatory marker NOx.


Assuntos
Ração Animal , Biflavonoides/farmacologia , Catequina/farmacologia , Galinhas/imunologia , Dieta/veterinária , Suplementos Nutricionais , Imunidade Inata/efeitos dos fármacos , Lipopolissacarídeos/imunologia , Proantocianidinas/farmacologia , Animais , Biflavonoides/administração & dosagem , Catequina/administração & dosagem , Citocinas/sangue , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Óxidos de Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Pinus/química , Proantocianidinas/administração & dosagem
17.
Mol Vis ; 23: 286-295, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28479848

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to explore the inhibitory effects of S100A4 gene silencing on alkali burn-induced corneal neovascularization (CNV) in rabbit models. METHODS: Sixty-five rabbits were used to establish alkali-induced CNV models. After the operation, rabbits were given daily antibiotic eye drops and an eye ointment to prevent infection. The models were assigned to either an S100A4 siRNA or an empty vector group. Thirty rabbits were selected as the normal control group. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to detect the mRNA expression of S100A4, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in corneal tissues. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the protein expression of VEGF in corneal tissues, and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent (ELISA) assay was used to detect the protein expression of VEGF and TNF-α in the aqueous humor. RESULTS: The qRT-PCR results showed that S100A4 mRNA expression was lower in the S100A4 siRNA group than in the empty vector group at 1, 3, 7, 14, and 28 days after an alkali burn. When compared with the empty vector group, the expression of VEGF and TNF-α mRNA was downregulated in the S100A4 siRNA group. The immunohistochemistry results revealed that VEGF protein expression was downregulated in the S100A4 siRNA group when compared to the empty vector group at 1, 3, 7, 14, and 28 days after an alkali burn. The ELISA results suggest that VEGF and TNF-α protein expression is downregulated in the S100A4 siRNA group in comparison to the empty vector group at 1, 3, 7, 14, and 28 days after an alkali burn. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that S100A4 gene silencing can inhibit alkali burn-induced CNV in rabbits.


Assuntos
Queimaduras Químicas/genética , Queimaduras Químicas/patologia , Neovascularização da Córnea/induzido quimicamente , Neovascularização da Córnea/genética , Queimaduras Oculares/induzido quimicamente , Queimaduras Oculares/genética , Inativação Gênica , Proteína A4 de Ligação a Cálcio da Família S100/genética , Álcalis , Animais , Humor Aquoso/metabolismo , Córnea/metabolismo , Córnea/patologia , Neovascularização da Córnea/patologia , Queimaduras Oculares/patologia , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Coelhos , Proteína A4 de Ligação a Cálcio da Família S100/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
18.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 28(12): 3881-3890, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29696883

RESUMO

Soil microbial biomass C and N, microbial diversities and enzyme activity in 0-10 cm and 10-20 cm soil layers of different degraded grasslands (non-degradation, ND; light degradation, LD; moderate degradation, MD; sever degradation, SD; and black soil beach, ED) were measured by Biolog and other methods. The results showed that: 1) There were significant diffe-rences between 0-10 cm and 10-20 cm soil layers in soil microbial biomass, diversities and inver-tase activities in all grasslands. 2) The ratio of soil microbial biomass C to N decreased significantly with the grassland degradation. In the 0-10 cm soil layer, microbial biomass C and N in ND and LD were significantly higher than that in MD, SD and ED. Among the latter three kinds of grasslands, there was no difference for microbial biomass C, but microbial biomass N was lower in MD than in the other grasslands. The average color change rate (AWCD) and McIntosh Index (U) also decreased with grassland degradation, but only the reduction from ND to MD was significant. There were no differences among all grasslands for Shannon index (H) and Simpson Index (D). The urease activity was highest in MD and SD, and the activity of phosphatase and invertase was lowest in ED. In the 10-20 cm soil layer, microbial biomass C in ND and LD were significantly higher than that in the other grasslands. Microbial biomass N in LD and ED were significantly higher than that in the other grasslands. Carbon metabolism index in MD was significantly lower than that in LD and SD. AWCD and U index in ND and LD were significantly higher than that in ED. H index and D index showed no difference among different grasslands. The urease activity in ND and MD was significantly higher than that in the other grasslands. The phosphatase activity was highest in MD, and the invertase activity was lowest in MD. 3) The belowground biomass was significantly positively correlated with microbial biomass, carbon metabolic index and phosphatase activity, and the urease activity was negatively correlated with microbial biomass N, H index and D index.


Assuntos
Pradaria , Solo , Biomassa , Carbono , Ecossistema , Microbiologia do Solo
19.
Springerplus ; 5(1): 1645, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27722063

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A 2 × 4 factorial arrangement of treatments was used to investigate the protective effect of procyanidin (PCA) against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute gut injury by the regulations of oxidative state for a 21-days feeding trial. METHODS: A total of 384 1-days-old broiler chicks were assigned to 8 treatments with 8 replicate of 6 broiler chickens per pen. Broiler chickens fed diets based on 4 levels of dietary PCA (0, 0.05, 0.075 and 0.1 % of the requirements). Half of the birds from each treatment group were challenged with 0.9 % NaCl solution or LPS (250 µg/kg body weight, injection administered) at 16, 18 and 21 days of age. RESULTS: The results indicated that, prior to LPS challenge, there was no dietary effect on bird growth performance (P > 0.05). The injection of LPS were also not associated with any significant changes in poultry performance (P > 0.05). But LPS injection increased serum diamine oxidase (DAO) level and the malondialdehyde (MDA) content of intestinal mucosa (P < 0.05), cause adverse effects to the morphology of the small intestine (P < 0.05), decreased the glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity of intestinal mucosa (P < 0.05). When LPS-challenged birds were pretreated with PCA, serum DAO concentration and MDA activity in jejunal and ileal mucosa were dramatically attenuated, and improved the morphology of the small intestine as well (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: In conclusion, PCA is able to prevent LPS-induced oxidative stress response in vivo, improved the morphology of the small intestine. The beneficial effect of PCA may depend on increasing the activity of body's antioxidant enzymes and scavenging free radical activity.

20.
Exp Ther Med ; 12(3): 1345-1348, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27602065

RESUMO

Primary liver cancer has a high incidence and high mortality rates, and currently the only viable option is surgery, although there are a number of difficulties related to this method. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential advantages of the real-time contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) for microwave ablation of primary liver cancer. One hundred patients with primary liver cancer were included in the study. The patients were divided into the ordinary ultrasonography and the CEUS groups. For the ordinary ultrasonography group, the ordinary ultrasonography-guided microwave ablation method was used, while microwave ablation under the guidance of CEUS was conducted for the CEUS group. The size of lesions and clearness of the tumor boundary prior to surgery in the two groups were compared. Additionally, postoperative complications and the survival rate were monitored. Lesion boundary areas measured by CEUS were significantly larger than those measured with ordinary ultrasonography. The incidence rate of postoperative pain, fever, intra-abdominal hemorrhage and infection and other complications in the ordinary ultrasonography group were significantly higher than that in the CEUS group. The tumor recurrence rate in the CEUS group was significantly lower than that in the ordinary ultrasonography group. Seventy-two percent of patients in the CEUS group showed no progress, compared to 48% of in the ordinary ultrasonography group. The progress-free survival rate in the CEUS group after 6 months was significantly higher than that in the ordinary ultrasonography group. Disease-free survival time in the CEUS group was considerably longer than the control group. In conclusion, the guidance of real-time CEUS on the primary liver cancer microwave ablation treatment can achieve good intra-operative results. It offers a real-time guidance effect, improves survival time and reduces the incidence of complications.

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