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1.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 882922, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36051552

RESUMO

Background: Sleep disturbance and neuropsychiatric symptoms are common clinical symptoms of cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD), but the underlying mechanism is unclear. Here, we investigated the relationship between sleep quality and neuropsychiatric performance in patients with CSVD. Methods: A total of 30 patients with CSVD and 35 healthy controls (HCs) were recruited. The 13-item Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-13), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and Symptom Check List 90 (SCL90) were used to assess depression, anxiety, and other psychological symptoms, respectively. Sleep quality was assessed using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and cognitive function was tested using Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). Results: When compared to the HC group, the patients with CSVD showed increased anxiety and neuropsychiatric symptoms, worse sleep quality, and impaired cognition (p < 0.05). The prevalence of comorbid poor sleep quality in the patients with CSVD was approximately 46%. The patients with CSVD with poor sleep quality also had more severe neuropsychiatric symptoms. After controlling for demographic variables, sex and anxiety significantly predicted sleep quality. Conclusion: This study suggests that the prevalence of CSVD with poor sleep quality is high, and that sex and anxiety are independent risk factors for CSVD comorbid sleep quality.

2.
Endocrinol Metab (Seoul) ; 37(3): 533-546, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35798552

RESUMO

BACKGRUOUND: It is well-established that serum testosterone in men decreases with age, yet the underlying mechanism of this change remains elusive. METHODS: The expression patterns of Fancd2 opposite-strand (Fancd2os) in BALB/c male mice and testicular tissue derived cell lines (GC-1, GC-2, TM3, and TM4) were assessed using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), Western blot and immunofluorescence. The Fancd2os-overexpressing or knockdown TM3 cells were constructed by infecting them with lentivirus particles and were used to evaluated the function of Fancd2os. The testosterone production was measured using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and the steroidogenic enzymes such as steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR), P450 cholesterol side-chain cleavage (P450scc), and 3ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3ß-HSD) were analysed using RT-PCR. The apoptosis of TM3 cells induced by ultraviolet light or testicular tissues was detected using flow cytometry, Western blot or dUTP-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL) assays. Pearson correlation analysis was used to assess the correlation between the Fancd2os expression and TUNEL-positive staining in mouse testicular Leydig cells. RESULTS: The Fancd2os protein was predominantly expressed in mouse testicular Leydig cells and its expression increased with age. Fancd2os overexpression inhibited testosterone levels in TM3 Leydig cells, whereas knockdown of Fancd2os elevated testosterone production. Fancd2os overexpression downregulated the levels of StAR, P450scc and 3ß-HSD, while Fancd2os knockdown reversed this effect. Fancd2os overexpression promoted ultraviolet light-induced apoptosis of TM3 cells. In contrast, Fancd2os knockdown restrained apoptosis in TM3 cells. In vivo assays revealed that higher Fancd2os levels and mouse age were associated with increased apoptosis in Leydig cells and decreased serum testosterone levels. Pearson correlation analysis exhibited a strong positive correlation between the expression of Fancd2os and TUNEL-positive staining in mouse testicular Leydig cells. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that Fancd2os regulates testosterone synthesis via both steroidogenic enzymes and the apoptotic pathway.


Assuntos
Células Intersticiais do Testículo , Testosterona , Animais , Apoptose , Western Blotting , Enzima de Clivagem da Cadeia Lateral do Colesterol/genética , Enzima de Clivagem da Cadeia Lateral do Colesterol/metabolismo , Humanos , Células Intersticiais do Testículo/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos
3.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 210: 545-564, 2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35513106

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease of unknown etiology that affects the colon and rectum. It has evolved into a global burden due to the high incidence in developed countries and the highly-increased incidence in developing countries. Non-starch polysaccharides (NSPs) from natural resources, as a type of functional carbohydrates, have a significant therapeutic effect on UC because of their good anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities. Based on the etiology and pathogenesis of UC, this review summarizes the intervention effects and mechanisms of NSPs in the prevention and treatment of UC. The results showed that NSPs can improve UC by protecting the intestinal mucosal barrier, regulating the immune response of the intestinal mucosa, and remodeling the intestinal flora and metabolites. These contents provide theoretical basis for the application of polysaccharides in the prevention and treatment of UC.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Animais , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Colite Ulcerativa/patologia , Colo/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Recursos Naturais , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/uso terapêutico
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35559790

RESUMO

A strictly anaerobic, motile bacterium, designated as strain NSJ-9T, was isolated from human faeces. Cells were Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, non-pigmented, and spiral-shaped or slightly curved rods with flagella. Optimal growth in M2GSC medium was observed at 37 °C (growth range 30-45 °C) and pH 6.5-7.0 (growth range 6.5-7.5) under anaerobic conditions. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene revealed that strain NSJ-9T formed a distinct phylogenetic lineage that reflects a new genus in the family Lachnospiraceae, with high levels of similarity to Roseburia hominis A2-183T (95.2 %), Roseburia cecicola ATCC 33874T (95.2 %), Pseudobutyrivibrio ruminis DSM 9787T (95.2 %), Pseudobutyrivibrio xylanivorans MZ 5T (94.8%) and Roseburia faecis M72/1T (94.4 %). Genomic similarity (average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization) values between strain NSJ-9T and its phylogenetic neighbours were below 71 and 31 %, respectively, indicating that strain NSJ-9T represented a novel species. The average amino acid identity and the percentage of conserved proteins between strain NSJ-9T and other related members of the family Lachnospiraceae were below 63 and 50 %, respectively, supporting that strain NSJ-9T was a member of a new genus. The predominant cellular fatty acids of strain NSJ-9T were C16 : 0 and C17 : 0 2-OH, and major polar lipids were glycolipids. The end products of glucose fermentation were acetate, propionate, iso-butyrate, butyrate and valerate. Phylogenetic and phylogenomic lineage, pairwise determined genome identity analysis suggested that strain NSJ-9T represents a novel genus in the family Lachnospiraceae. The genome size of strain NSJ-9T is 2.56 Mbp with 44.9 mol% G+C content. Collectively, the genotypic and phenotypic differences between phylogenetic relatives suggested strain NSJ-9T represented a novel species of a new genus, for which the name Pararoseburia lenta gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Pararoseburia lenta is NSJ-9T (=CGMCC 1.32469T=KCTC 15957T).


Assuntos
Bactérias Anaeróbias , Ácidos Graxos , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Butiratos , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fezes/microbiologia , Humanos , Fosfolipídeos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35635547

RESUMO

An anaerobic bacterial strain, designated as NSJ-90T, was isolated from the faeces of a healthy adult in China. Cells of strain NSJ-90T were Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming and rod-shaped. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain NSJ-90T belonged to the genus Bacteroides and was phylogenetically closely related to Bacteroides clarus YIT 12056T (16S rRNA gene identity was 97.04 %). The DNA G+C content of strain NSJ-90T was 44.85 mol% (calculated from the genome). The average nucleotide identity between strain NSJ-90T and B. clarus YIT 12056T was 87.60 %. The major cellular fatty acids (>10 %) of strain NSJ-90T were iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. Menaquinone-10 was detected as the respiratory quinone. The major products of glucose fermentation were acetic, propionic and isovaleric acids. Based on its phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, we propose that strain NSJ-90T represents a novel species of the genus Bacteroides, for which the name Bacteroides propionicigenes sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is NSJ-90T (=CGMCC 1.17886T=KCTC 25305T).


Assuntos
Bacteroides , Ácidos Graxos , Adulto , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fezes/microbiologia , Humanos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35258450

RESUMO

Non-human primates harbour diverse microbiomes in their guts. As a part of the China Microbiome Initiatives, we cultivated and characterized the gut microbiome of cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). In this report, we communicate the characterization and taxonomy of eight bacterial strains that were obtained from faecal samples of captive cynomolgus monkeys. The results revealed that they represented eight novel bacterial species. The proposed names of the eight novel species are Alkaliphilus flagellatus (type strain MSJ-5T=CGMCC 1.45007T=KCTC 15974T), Butyricicoccus intestinisimiae MSJd-7T (MSJd-7T=CGMCC 1.45013T=KCTC 25112T), Clostridium mobile (MSJ-11T=CGMCC 1.45009T=KCTC 25065T), Clostridium simiarum (MSJ-4T=CGMCC 1.45006T=KCTC 15975T), Dysosmobacter acutus (MSJ-2T=CGMCC 1.32896T=KCTC 15976T), Paenibacillus brevis MSJ-6T (MSJ-6T=CGMCC 1.45008T=KCTC 15973T), Peptoniphilus ovalis (MSJ-1T=CGMCC 1.31770T=KCTC 15977T) and Tissierella simiarum (MSJ-40T=CGMCC 1.45012T=KCTC 25071T).


Assuntos
Paenibacillus , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Clostridium , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fezes , Haplorrinos , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
7.
EClinicalMedicine ; 46: 101350, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35330803

RESUMO

Background: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adolescents is a significant mental health problem around the world. Here, we performed a meta-analysis to systematically delineate the risk factors for NSSI. Method: We searched Medline, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane for relevant articles and abstracts published prior to 12 November 2021. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confident intervals (CIs) were used to assess various risk factors, and publication bias was assessed by Egger's test, the trim and fill method and meta-regression. This study is registered with PROSPERO, CRD42021265885. Results: A total of 25 articles were eventually included in the analysis. Eighty risk factors were identified and classified into 7 categories: mental disorders (ORs, 1·89; 95% CI, 1·60-2·24), bullying (ORs, 1·98; 95% CI, 1·32-2·95), low health literacy (ORs, 2·20; 95% CI, 1·63-2·96), problem behaviours (ORs, 2·36; 95% CI, 2·00-2·77), adverse childhood experiences (ORs, 2·49; 95% CI, 1·85-3.34), physical symptoms (ORs, 2·85; 95% CI, 1·36-5·97) and the female gender (ORs, 2·89; 95% CI, 2·43-3·43). The range of heterogeneity (I2) was from 20·3% to 99·2%. Conclusion: This meta-analysis found that mental disorders, low health literacy, adverse childhood experiences, bullying, problem behaviours, the female gender and physical symptoms appear to be risk factors for NSSI.

8.
J Agric Food Chem ; 70(12): 3633-3643, 2022 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35167294

RESUMO

The present work aimed to explore the effect and underlying mechanism of a homogeneous Laminaria japonica polysaccharide (LJP61A) on macrophage polarization in high-fat-diet-fed LDLr-/- mice and Ox-LDL-induced macrophages. Results showed that LJP61A remarkably reduced the lesion burden in atherosclerotic mice, alleviated lipid deposition in Ox-LDL-stimulated macrophages, decreased the expression of M1 macrophage markers, and increased the expression of M2 macrophage markers, thus reducing the M1/M2 macrophage phenotype ratio. Meanwhile, the autophagic flux of macrophages was enhanced by LJP61A treatment in vitro and in vivo. 3-Methyladenine is an autophagic inhibitor. As expected, this inhibitor blocked the effects of LJP61A on macrophage polarization. SIRT1 and FoxO1 are two key upstream genes that control the autophagy behavior. We also found that LJP61A significantly up-regulated the expression of SIRT1 and FoxO1. However, these effects of LJP61A were abolished by the SIRT1 siRNA and FoxO1 inhibitor AS1842856. These results suggested that LJP61A reduced atherosclerosis in HFD-induced LDLr-/- mice via regulating autophagy-mediated macrophage polarization.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Laminaria , Animais , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Aterosclerose/genética , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Autofagia , Macrófagos , Camundongos , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia
9.
Food Funct ; 13(1): 143-160, 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34874039

RESUMO

The ameliorative effect of Dendrobium fimbriatum polysaccharide (cDFPW1) on ulcerative colitis (UC) was investigated using a dextran-sodium-sulfate-induced (DSS-induced) mouse model in the present study. The results showed that cDFPW1 effectively improved colitis in mice by ameliorating weight loss, disease activity index (DAI) and colonic pathological damage, and by protecting the intestinal barrier function integrity. Moreover, cDFPW1 modulated the composition and metabolism of intestinal microbiota through enhancing Romboutsia, Lactobacillus and Odoribacter, and reducing Parasutterella, Burkholderia-Caballeronia-Paraburkholderia and Acinetobacter in colitis mice. Notably, cDFPW1 significantly restored the homeostasis of Th17/regulatory T (Treg) cells and the expression of specific cytokines. Western blotting of colon tissues showed that cDFPW1 markedly up-regulated the expression of Nrf2 and inhibited the phosphorylation of NF-κB signaling. These results indicated that cDFPW1 possesses the potential of improving UC and its effect on palliating colitis may be connected with the regulation of Nrf2/NF-κB signaling.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Colite Ulcerativa/metabolismo , Dendrobium/química , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Polissacarídeos , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Sulfato de Dextrana/efeitos adversos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Polissacarídeos/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
J Environ Manage ; 302(Pt B): 114087, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34773780

RESUMO

Polymer materials have become one of the potential materials for remediation of heavy metal (HM) contamination in water and soil. However, the specific advantages of polymers are rarely studied. Water-soluble thiourea formaldehyde resin (WTF) is one of the effective polymer amendments. Through leaching experiments, WTF can stabilize 93.0% of Cd2+ and 99.7% of Cu2+. The results of HM morphology analysis show that after adding WTF, most of the HMs have been transformed into a relatively stable state. For example, in the process of remediation of 6 mg/kg Cd contaminated soil, the proportion of acid-soluble Cd decreased from 56.5% to 12.8%, and the residual state increased from 13.5% to 45.4%. Compared with the resin-free structure, the three-dimensional structure of the resin plays an important role, but the efficiency of precipitation with HMs is doubled. According to the simulation of the adsorption process by Materials Studio, the characterization of the scanning electron microscope-energy dispersive instrument and the results of the adsorption experiment, in the solution, the precipitate formed by WTF and Cd2+ has multilayer adsorption of HMs, and can further adsorb HM by -OH. Soil enzyme activity experiments proved that the risk of secondary pollution by adding WTF is rare, and even WTF can achieve the effect of slow-release nitrogen fertilizer. In the WTF remediation process, the biological toxicity reduction of HMs is result from, on the one hand, the complexation of functional group of WTF; on the other hand, the resin structure of WTF; in addition, multi-layer adsorption and adsorption of end groups in the precipitation formed by WTF and HM. This work provides a theoretical basis for the potential capabilities of water-soluble resins and is beneficial to the design and development of subsequent amendments.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Adsorção , Cádmio/análise , Metais Pesados/análise , Polímeros , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Água
11.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 774192, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34925101

RESUMO

Background: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has therapeutic effects on craving in methamphetamine (METH) use disorder (MUD). The chronic abuse of METH causes impairments in executive function, and improving executive function reduces relapse and improves treatment outcomes for drug use disorder. The purpose of this study was to determine whether executive function helped predict patients' responses to rTMS treatment. Methods: This study employed intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) rTMS modalities and observed their therapeutic effects on executive function and craving in MUD patients. MUD patients from an isolated Drug Rehabilitation Institute in China were chosen and randomly allocated to the iTBS group and sham-stimulation group. All participants underwent the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function - Adult Version Scale (BRIEF-A) and Visual Analog Scales (VAS) measurements. Sixty-five healthy adults matched to the general condition of MUD patients were also recruited as healthy controls. Findings: Patients with MUD had significantly worse executive function. iTBS groups had better treatment effects on the MUD group than the sham-stimulation group. Further Spearman rank correlation and stepwise multivariate regression analysis revealed that reduction rates of the total score of the BRIEF-A and subscale scores of the inhibition factor and working memory factor in the iTBS group positively correlated with improvements in craving. ROC curve analysis showed that working memory (AUC = 87.4%; 95% CI = 0.220, 0.631) and GEC (AUC = 0.761%; 95% CI = 0.209, 0.659) had predictive power to iTBS therapeutic efficacy. The cutoff values are 13.393 and 59.804, respectively. Conclusions: The iTBS rTMS had a better therapeutic effect on the executive function of patients with MUD, and the improved executive function had the potential to become a predictor for the efficacy of iTBS modality for MUD treatment. Clinical Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier: ChiCTR2100046954.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34546872

RESUMO

A strictly anaerobic bacterial strain (27-44T) was isolated from a stool specimen from an autistic child collected in PR China. The strain was Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, non-pigmented, non-spore-forming, and cells were oval to rod-shaped. Strain 27-44T grew at 20-40 °C (optimal at 37 °C) and at pH 6.0-10 (optimal at 6.0-8.0). The major polar lipids were one phospholipid, two glycolipids, two aminophospholipids and one unidentified lipid. The major cellular fatty acids of strain 27-44T were C16 : 0 and C17 : 0 2-OH. The end product of glucose fermentation was mainly butyric acid. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain 27-44T was a member of the genus Blautia and phylogenetically closely related to Blautia obeum ATCC 29174T (with 97.8 % seque nce similarity). The genome of strain 27-44T was 3.5 Mbp with a DNA G+C content of 42.36 mol%. A total of 3436 genes were predicted and, of these, 3133 genes were annotated by KEGG. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic comparisons, strain 27-44T represents a novel species within the genus Blautia, for which the name Blautia intestinalis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 27-44T= CGMCC 1.5285T=NBRC 113774T.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Fosfolipídeos , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Clostridiales , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fezes , Humanos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
13.
Microbiome ; 9(1): 119, 2021 05 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34020714

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In gut microbiome studies, the cultured gut microbial resource plays essential roles, such as helping to unravel gut microbial functions and host-microbe interactions. Although several major studies have been performed to elucidate the cultured human gut microbiota, up to 70% of the Unified Human Gastrointestinal Genome species have not been cultured to date. Large-scale gut microbial isolation and identification as well as availability to the public are imperative for gut microbial studies and further characterizing human gut microbial functions. RESULTS: In this study, we constructed a human Gut Microbial Biobank (hGMB; homepage: hgmb.nmdc.cn ) through the cultivation of 10,558 isolates from 31 sample mixtures of 239 fresh fecal samples from healthy Chinese volunteers, and deposited 1170 strains representing 400 different species in culture collections of the International Depository Authority for long-term preservation and public access worldwide. Following the rules of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes, 102 new species were characterized and denominated, while 28 new genera and 3 new families were proposed. hGMB represented over 80% of the common and dominant human gut microbial genera and species characterized from global human gut 16S rRNA gene amplicon data (n = 11,647) and cultured 24 "most-wanted" and "medium priority" taxa proposed by the Human Microbiome Project. We in total sequenced 115 genomes representing 102 novel taxa and 13 previously known species. Further in silico analysis revealed that the newly sequenced hGMB genomes represented 22 previously uncultured species in the Unified Human Gastrointestinal Genome (UHGG) and contributed 24 representatives of potentially "dark taxa" that had not been discovered by UHGG. The nonredundant gene catalogs generated from the hGMB genomes covered over 50% of the functionally known genes (KEGG orthologs) in the largest global human gut gene catalogs and approximately 10% of the "most wanted" functionally unknown proteins in the FUnkFams database. CONCLUSIONS: A publicly accessible human Gut Microbial Biobank (hGMB) was established that contained 1170 strains and represents 400 human gut microbial species. hGMB expands the gut microbial resources and genomic repository by adding 102 novel species, 28 new genera, 3 new families, and 115 new genomes of human gut microbes. Video abstract.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Microbiota , Bactérias/genética , Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , Escuridão , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , Humanos , Microbiota/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
14.
Am J Physiol Cell Physiol ; 321(1): C117-C133, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34010066

RESUMO

Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that can lead to several organ failures including kidney. In this study, we investigated the roles of GAS5 and miR-579-3p in regulating cell pyroptosis in the sepsis-induced renal injury model. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment or cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) surgery was used to create the in vitro and in vivo sepsis-induced renal injury model. The interactions between GAS5 and miR-579-3p, and miR-579-3p and SIRT1 were determined by bioinformatic prediction, luciferase reporter assay, and RIP assay. In vitro cell pyroptosis was examined by flow cytometry marked with active caspase-1 and PI. The protein levels of IL-1ß and IL-18 induced by cell pyroptosis were quantified using ELISA assay. In vivo renal injuries were evaluated with HE and TUNEL stainings, bacterial load in serum and creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen content analyses. Expression levels of GAS5, miR-579-3p, pyroptosis, and SIRT1/PGC-1a/Nrf2 pathway-related molecules were evaluated by qRT-PCR or Western blot. GAS5 and SIRT1 were downregulated, whereas miR-579-3p was upregulated in in vitro and in vivo sepsis-induced renal injury models. GAS5 negatively and directly regulated miR-579-3p to reduce cell pyroptosis via the activation of SIRT1/PGC-1a/Nrf2 pathway. In addition, miR-579-3p suppressed PGC-1a/Nrf2 pathway to induce cell pyroptosis by directly targeting SIRT1. What's more, overexpression of GAS5, or knockdown of miR-579-3p, enhanced SIRT1 expression that led to the improved survival rate, reduced the weight loss, and relieved renal injuries in septic mice. Overexpression of GAS5 demonstrated protective effects against sepsis-induced renal injury via downregulating miR-579-3p and activating SIRT1/PGC-1α/Nrf2 pathway to inhibit cell pyroptosis.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Coativador 1-alfa do Receptor gama Ativado por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Sepse/genética , Sirtuína 1/genética , Injúria Renal Aguda/metabolismo , Injúria Renal Aguda/mortalidade , Injúria Renal Aguda/patologia , Animais , Nitrogênio da Ureia Sanguínea , Caspase 1/genética , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Creatinina/sangue , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Genes Reporter , Humanos , Interleucina-18/genética , Interleucina-18/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Túbulos Renais Proximais/efeitos dos fármacos , Túbulos Renais Proximais/metabolismo , Túbulos Renais Proximais/patologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Luciferases/genética , Luciferases/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Coativador 1-alfa do Receptor gama Ativado por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/metabolismo , Piroptose/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Sepse/metabolismo , Sepse/mortalidade , Sepse/patologia , Transdução de Sinais , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Análise de Sobrevida
15.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(15): 4464-4479, 2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823587

RESUMO

Polyketide synthase-terpenoid synthase (PKS-TPS) hybrid pathways for biosynthesis of unique sesquiterpenyl epoxy-cyclohexenoids (SECs) have been found to be widely distributed in plant pathogenic fungi. However, the natural and ecological functions of these pathways and their metabolites still remain cryptic. In this study, the whole PKS-TPS hybrid pathway in the predominant nematode-trapping fungus Arthrobotrys oligospora was first proposed according to all the intermediates and their derivatives from all the A. oligospora mutants with a deficiency in each gene involved in SEC biosynthesis. Most mutants displayed significantly increased trap formation which was correlated with alteration of the ammonia level. Further analysis revealed that the main metabolites involved in ammonia metabolism were largely increased in most mutants. However, significantly retarded colonization in soil were observed in most mutants compared to the wild-type strain due to significantly decreased antibacterial activities. Our results suggested that A. oligospora used the PKS-TPS hybrid pathway for fungal soil colonization via decreasing fungal nematode-capturing ability. This also provided solid evidence that boosting fungal colonization in soil was the secondary metabolite whose biosynthesis depended on a PKS-TPS hybrid pathway.


Assuntos
Nematoides , Policetídeo Sintases , Amônia , Animais , Ascomicetos , Policetídeo Sintases/genética , Solo , Terpenos
16.
PLoS One ; 16(4): e0249418, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33793654

RESUMO

The present meta-analysis aimed to investigate the differences in the incidence of thrombosis and vascular compromise in arterial anastomosis between microvascular anastomotic devices and hand-sewn techniques during free tissue transfer in the head and neck. We searched for articles in PubMed/Medline, CNKI, WANFANG DATA, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Web of Science, from January 1, 1962 till April 1, 2020 that reported data of microvascular anastomosis during free tissue transfer in the head and neck. The incidence of arterial thrombosis or vascular compromise, or both was the primary outcome. The secondary outcome was anastomotic time. We also assessed the sensitivity and the risk of bias. This meta-analysis included 583 arterial anastomoses from six studies. The group using microvascular anastomotic devices tended to have an increased incidence of arterial thrombosis and vascular compromise (risk ratio (RR), 3.42; P = 0.38; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.91-12.77). The hand-sewn technique took significantly longer to perform the anastomosis compared with that of the microvascular anastomotic devices (weighted mean difference, 15.26 min; P<0.01; 95% CI, 14.65-15.87). Microvascular anastomotic devices might increase the risk of arterial thrombosis and vascular compromise compared with the hand-sewn technique; however, further randomized controlled trials are needed to provide a more accurate estimate. The application of microvascular anastomotic devices will help to reduce anastomotic surgery time and achieve acceptable vessel opening, benefiting from the developments of arterial couplers and microsurgical techniques.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Artérias/cirurgia , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/instrumentação , Bases de Dados Factuais , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico , Cabeça/cirurgia , Humanos , Pescoço/cirurgia , Risco , Trombose/etiologia , Doenças Vasculares/etiologia
17.
Food Funct ; 12(7): 3057-3068, 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33710189

RESUMO

A new polysaccharide (cDFP-W1) with high immunostimulatory activities was isolated from the stems of Dendrobium fimbriatum Hook. The analysis of the physicochemical properties showed that cDFP-W1 consisted of mannose and glucose in a molar ratio of 1 : 3.84, and its relative molecular weight was 4.0 × 104 Da. Structural analysis implied that the linear backbone of cDFP-W1 was composed of α-1,4-d-Glcp, ß-1,4-d-Manp, 3-O-acetyl-α-1,4-d-Glcp and α-1,4,6-d-Glcp, and its branches were the terminal ß-d-Manp that was attached to the C-6 position of α-1,4,6-d-Glcp. An in vivo immunostimulatory assay exhibited that cDFP-W1 at 200 mg kg-1 could significantly increase the proportions of CD4+ T-cell subpopulations, B cells, natural killer cells and dendritic cells, decrease the proportion of CD8+ T-cell subpopulations, and upregulate the percentage of activated macrophages (p < 0.01) in the spleen of mice. An in vitro immunostimulatory assay revealed that cDFP-W1 could effectively promote the proliferation of spleen lymphocytes, enhance the proliferation and phagocytosis of macrophage RAW264.7 cells, and stimulate the mRNA expression and extracellular release of NO, TNF-α and IL-1ß of RAW264.7 cells. The western blot experiment suggested that the immunostimulatory activities of cDFP-W1 were closely related to the activation of MAPKs, NF-κB and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Adjuvantes Imunológicos/farmacologia , Dendrobium , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/química , Animais , Camundongos , Caules de Planta , Polissacarídeos/química , Células RAW 264.7/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
18.
Mol Immunol ; 127: 136-145, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32971400

RESUMO

Sepsis-induced inflammatory damage is a crucial cause of acute kidney injury (AKI), and AKI is an ecumenical fearful complication in approximately half of patients with sepsis. CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein ß (C/EBPß) plays roles in regulating acute phase responses and inflammation. However, the role and mechanism of C/EBPß in AKI are unclear. LPS combined with ATP-treated renal epithelial cells HK2 and cecal ligation-peferation (CLP)-mice were used as models of AKI in vitro and in vivo. Cell damage, the secretion of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß), IL-18 and cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase 1 (caspase-1) activity were tested by LDH, ELISA assay and flow cytometry analysis, respectively. The expression levels of TFAM, C/EBPß, and pyroptosis-related molecules were tested by qRT-PCR and Western blotting. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assessed the interaction between C/EBPß with TFAM. Hematoxylin-Eosin (H&E) staining detected pathological changes of kidney tissues, and immunohistochemistry measured TFAM and C/EBPß in mice kidney tissues. C/EBPß or TFAM were up-regulated in LPS combined with ATP -induced HK2 cells. Knockdown of C/EBPß could suppress cell injury and the secretion of IL-1ß and IL-18 induced by LPS combined with ATP. Furthermore, C/EBPß up-regulated the expression levels of TFAM via directly binding to TFAM promoter. Overexpression of TFAM reversed the effects of C/EBPß deficiency on pyroptosis. Knockdown of C/EBPß could inhibit NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated caspase-1 signaling pathway by inactivating TFAM/RAGE pathway. It was further confirmed in the AKI mice that C/EBPß and TFAM promoted AKI by activating NLRP3-mediated pyroptosis. The interaction of between C/EBPß and TFAM facilitated pyroptosis by activating NLRP3/caspase-1 signal axis, thereby promoting the occurrence of AKI.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda/metabolismo , Injúria Renal Aguda/patologia , Proteína beta Intensificadora de Ligação a CCAAT/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Proteínas de Grupo de Alta Mobilidade/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Piroptose , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Trifosfato de Adenosina , Animais , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Inflamação/patologia , Lipopolissacarídeos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Ligação Proteica , Receptor para Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
19.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 996, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32719603

RESUMO

Renal fibrosis is the final common pathological manifestation of almost all progressive chronic kidney diseases (CKD). Transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channels, especially TRPC3/6, were proposed to be essential therapeutic targets for kidney injury. Huangkui capsule (HKC), an important adjuvant therapy for CKD, showed superior efficacy for CKD at stages 1-2 in clinical practice. However, its anti-fibrotic effect and the underlying mechanisms remain to be investigated. In the present study, we evaluated the efficacy of HKC on renal fibrosis in a mouse model of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) and explored the potential underlying mechanism. Administration of HKC by intragastric gavage dose-dependently suppressed UUO-induced kidney injury and tubulointerstitial fibrosis. Similarly, HKC suppressed the expression level of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), increased the expression of E-cadherin, and suppressed the mRNA expression of a plethora of proinflammatory mediators that are necessary for the progression of renal fibrosis. Mechanistically, HKC suppressed both canonical and non-canonical TGF-ß signaling pathways in UUO mice as well as the TRPC6/calcineurin A (CnA)/nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) signaling axis. In addition, TRPC6 knockout mice and HKC treated wild type mice displayed comparable protection on UUO-triggered kidney tubulointerstitial injury, interstitial fibrosis, and α-SMA expression. More importantly, HKC had no additional protective effect on UUO-triggered kidney tubulointerstitial injury and interstitial fibrosis in TRPC6 knockout mouse. Further investigation demonstrated that HKC could directly suppress TRPC3/6 channel activities. Considered together, these data demonstrated that the protective effect of HKC on renal injury and interstitial fibrosis is dependent on TRPC6, possibly through direct inhibition of TRPC6 channel activity and indirect suppression of TRPC6 expression.

20.
J Ophthalmol ; 2020: 7516286, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32676204

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In vivo confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) is an emerging diagnostic tool allowing fast and easy microscopic tissue examination. For the diagnostics of pathological eyelid margin lesions, the knowledge of the normal eyelid margin is essential. METHODS: We examined 18 eyelid margins of healthy humans using the in vivo CLSM device and 10 samples of healthy eyelid margins from donor sites with ex vivo CLSM and compared the findings to the corresponding histological sections of donor sites. Cross-section images of different depths and depths of different skin appendages were measured. RESULTS: The depth observed by in vivo CLSM is less than 150 µm into the eyelid. Images of the epidermis and superficial dermis skin, appendages including hair follicle, and sebaceous catheters can be captured associated with histopathology and ex vivo confocal microscopy. In correlation with histopathology, we identified different layers of the eyelid margin, different layers of the epidermis, and skin appendages by ex vivo confocal microscopy. CONCLUSIONS: The study offers an overview of the in vivo confocal microscopy human eyelid margin characteristics in comparison to the standard histological examination and confirms that in vivo CLSM could not observe the meibomian gland acini structure.

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