Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.918
Filtrar
1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 264: 120270, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34438115

RESUMO

Hypochlorite plays a significant role in physiological processes, particularly regulation of lysosomal functions, and is involved in various diseases. Thus, it is crucial to develop highly sensitive and selective molecule tools to detect HClO in lysosomes. Herein, a novel 2H-benzo[h]chromene-pyridine derivative (1) was synthesized through condensation reaction, which exhibited a notable deep-red emission at 640 nm in pure water. This deep-red emission was specifically quenched by adding ClO-. The response of probe 1 toward ClO- was rapid (within 10 s), sensitive (detection limit of 0.012 µM), and effective over a wide range of pH (1.0-12.0). Due to the existence of morpholine as the lysosome-targeting unit, the probe was successfully utilized to monitor lysosomal ClO-. Moreover, the probe 1 was also applied to detecting ClO- in zebrafish.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Ácido Hipocloroso , Animais , Humanos , Lisossomos , Imagem Óptica , Água , Peixe-Zebra
2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 605: 779-789, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371423

RESUMO

Urea electro-oxidation reaction (UOR) has been a promising strategy to replace oxygen evolution reaction (OER) by urea-mediated water splitting for hydrogen production. Naturally, rational design of high-efficiency and multifunctional electrocatalyst towards UOR and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) is of vital significance, but still a grand challenge. Herein, an innovative 3D Ru-modified NiFe metal-organic framework (MOF) nanoflake array on Ni foam (Ru-NiFe-x/NF) was elaborately designed via spontaneous galvanic replacement reaction (GRR). Notably, the adsorption capability of intermediate species (H*) of catalyst is significantly optimized by Ru modification. Meanwhile, rich high-valence Ni active species can be acquired by self-driven electronic reconstruction in the interface, then dramatically accelerating the electrolysis of water and urea. Remarkably, the optimized Ru-NiFe-③/NF (1.6 at% of Ru) only requires the overpotential of 90 and 310 mV to attain 100 mA cm-2 toward HER and OER in alkaline electrolyte, respectively. Impressively, an ultralow voltage of 1.47 V is required for Ru-NiFe-③/NF to deliver a current density of 100 mA cm-2 in urea-assisted electrolysis cell with superior stability, which is 190 mV lower than that of Pt/C-NF||RuO2/NF couple. This work is desired to explore a facile way to exploit environmentally-friendly energy by coupling hydrogen evolution with urea-rich sewage disposal.

3.
Food Chem ; 367: 130726, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352698

RESUMO

The impact of different complexes on the properties of ß-carotene-loaded emulsions was investigated by measuring the droplet size, encapsulation efficiency, droplet morphology, and physical stability. The photo and thermal stability of ß-carotene and its bioaccessibility during digestion were also analyzed. Comparing to the emulsions stabilized by other complexes, the emulsion stabilized by the high methoxyl pectin-rhamnolipid-pea protein isolate-curcumin (HMP-Rha-PPI-Cur) complex had the smallest droplet size (17.53 ± 0.15 µm) and the maximum encapsulation efficiency for curcumin (90.33 ± 0.03 %) and ß-carotene (92.16 ± 0.01 %). The emulsion stabilized by the HMP-Rha-PPI-Cur complex exhibited better physical stability against creaming. The retention rate of ß-carotene in the HMP-Rha-PPI-Cur complex-stabilized emulsion was 17.75 ± 0.02 and 33.64 ± 0.02 % after UV irradiation and thermal treatment. The HMP-Rha-PPI-Cur complex-stabilized emulsion also had a higher level of free fatty acid released (43.67 %) and higher bioaccessibility of ß-carotene (32.35 ± 0.02 %).


Assuntos
Curcumina , Proteínas de Ervilha , Carotenoides , Emulsões , Tamanho da Partícula , Pectinas , Tensoativos , beta Caroteno
4.
Virus Res ; 307: 198605, 2022 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34662681

RESUMO

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) causes the most commonly diagnosed viral encephalitis in Asia. JEV is a highly neurotropic flavivirus that can replicate efficiently in the brain. Axl belongs to the TAM (Tyro3, Axl, Mer) family, a group of tyrosine kinase receptors involved in the viral entry, micked as apoptotic bodies and regulation of innate immunity. However, the underlying mechanisms on its regulation in the neurons for JEV are unclear. Here, we found that Axl was upregulated in neurons after JEV infection. Unexpectedly, Axl deficient (Axl-/-) mice were more susceptible to JEV infection with increased viral loads in neurons. The RNA-sequencing analysis between the wild type neurons and Axl-/- neurons infected with JEV showed that many interferon-stimulated genes were downregulated in the Axl-/- neurons which innate immunity was attenuated largely. The rescue experiment in Axl-/- neurons indicated that Axl may be positively involved in the regulation of antiviral immunity. Taken together, our data demonstrated that Axl may play an antiviral role in JEV replication within neurons by modulating neuronal innate immunity.

5.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(6): 1293-1298, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782574

RESUMO

Studies in animals indicate that sevoflurane exposure in the second trimester of pregnancy has harmful effects on the learning and memory of offspring. Whether an enriched environment can reverse the damage of sevoflurane exposure in the second trimester of pregnancy on the learning and memory of rat offspring remains unclear. In this study, rats at 14 days of pregnancy were exposed to 3.5% sevoflurane for 2 hours and their offspring were treated with an enriched environment for 20 successive days. We found that the enriched environment for offspring increased nestin and Ki67 levels in hippocampal tissue, increased hippocampal neurogenesis, inhibited glycogen synthase kinase 3ß activity, and increased the expression of cell proliferation-related ß-catenin and apoptosis-related Bcl-2, indicating that an enriched environment reduces sevoflurane-induced damage by increasing the proliferation of stem cells in the hippocampus. These findings suggest that an enriched environment can reverse the effects of sevoflurane inhaled by rats during the second trimester of pregnancy on learning and memory of offspring. This study was approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University (approval No. 2018PS07K) on January 2, 2018.

6.
Talanta ; 237: 122963, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736688

RESUMO

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is an indispensable organelle responsible for protein synthesis, transportation, and maintenance of Ca2+ homeostasis in eukaryotic cells. Recent studies highlighted that ER-targeted photosensitizers with high yield of singlet oxygen (1O2) are effective in selectively disrupting ER function and are promising candidates for anticancer therapy. Unfortunately, no ER targetable fluorescent probes for determining 1O2 photosensitized in this photodynamic therapy process is available. In this work, we synthesized an ER-targetable, two-photon fluorescence probe, ER-1O2, for fluorescence turn-on sensing of 1O2. ER-1O2 demonstrated high sensitivity to 1O2 sensing with a wide detection range (0-2.75 µM) and a low detection limit (0.11 µM). ER-1O2 also displayed excellent selectivity toward 1O2 out of other ROS and metal ions. Notably, ER-1O2 exhibited low cytotoxicity but with specific ER targetable capability. On account of these advantageous features, fluctuations of 1O2 in living cells and brain tissues were effectively visualized by ER-1O2.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Oxigênio Singlete , Encéfalo , Retículo Endoplasmático , Fluorescência
7.
J Affect Disord ; 296: 198-207, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We estimate work loss and economic costs due to mental and substance use disorders in the economically active population of the São Paulo Metropolitan Area, Brazil. METHODS: The São Paulo Megacity Mental Health Survey assessed a population-based sample of 3,007 economically active residents using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview 3.0 and the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2 to investigate, respectively, 12-month psychiatric disorders, work performance, and economic costs. RESULTS: Absenteeism over the past 12 months was reported by 12.6%, and presenteeism by 14.7% (qualitative loss) and 13.1% (quantitative loss). Having any mental disorder was associated with 17.6 days of absenteeism and 37.7 days of reduced-qualitative and/or quantitative functioning. Fourteen mental disorders were significantly associated with work loss, with odds ratios ranging from 2.3 for adult separation anxiety to 40.4 for oppositional defiant disorder. At a population-level, oppositional defiant disorder, panic disorder, attention deficit disorder, and dysthymia contributed to the largest costs. The total annual economic costs were USD $83.2 billion/year, representing 6.1% of Brazil's Gross Domestic Product in 2007. LIMITATIONS: Diagnosis of mental disorders was based on self-reported symptoms. Work loss assessment was restricted to 30 days before the interview and may not fully represents the annual real experience and symptoms of the respondents which would lead to an overestimation of the burden. CONCLUSIONS: Mental disorders impose a great negative impact on work performance and functioning, with a consequent high economic burden, pointing to the need of implementing cost-effective interventions to prevent work loss.

8.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 2): 983-993, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487945

RESUMO

The numerous oxygenated functional groups on graphite oxide (GO) make it a promising adsorbent for toxic heavy metals in water. However, the GO prepared from natural graphite is water-soluble after exfoliation, making its recovery for reuse extremely difficult. In this study, porous graphitized carbon (PGC) was oxidized to fabricate a GO-like material, PGCO. The PGCO showed an O/C molar ratio of 0.63, and 8.4% of the surface carbon species were carboxyl, exhibiting enhanced oxidation degree compared to GO. The small PGCO sheets were intensely aggregated chemically, yielding an insoluble solid easily separable from water by sedimentation or filtration. Batch adsorption experiments demonstrated that the PGCO afforded significantly higher removal efficiencies for heavy metals than GO, owing to the former's greater functionalization with oxygenated groups. An isotherm study suggested that the adsorption obeyed the Langmuir model, and the derived maximum adsorption capacities for Cr3+, Pb2+, Cu2+, Cd2+, Zn2+, and Ni2+ were 119.6, 377.1, 99.1, 65.2, 53.0, and 58.1 mg/g, respectively. Furthermore, the spent PGCO was successively regenerated by acid treatment. The results of the study indicate that PGCO could be an alternative adsorbent for remediating toxic metal-contaminated waters.


Assuntos
Grafite , Metais Pesados , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Carbono , Cinética , Óxidos , Porosidade , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
9.
J Xray Sci Technol ; 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719471

RESUMO

High-energy, high-dose, microfocus X-ray computed tomography (HHM CT) is one of the most effective methods for high-resolution X-ray radiography inspection of high-density samples with fine structures. Minimizing the effective focal spot size of the X-ray source can significantly improve the spatial resolution and the quality of the sample images, which is critical and important for the performance of HHM CT. The objective of this study is to present a 9 MeV HHM CT prototype based on a high-average-current photo-injector in which X-rays with about 70µm focal spot size are produced via using tightly focused electron beams with 65/66µm beam size to hit an optimized tungsten target. In digital radiography (DR) experiment using this HHM CT, clear imaging of a standard 0.1 mm lead DR resolution phantom reveals a resolution of 6 lp/mm (line pairs per mm), while a 5 lp/mm resolution is obtained in CT mode using another resolution phantom made of 10 mm ferrum. Moreover, comparing with the common CT systems, a better turbine blade prototype image was obtained with this HHM CT system, which also indicates the promising application potentials of HHM CT in non-destructive inspection or testing for high-density fine-structure samples.

10.
ACS Omega ; 6(42): 28019-28030, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34723002

RESUMO

5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) exists in a wide range of sugar-rich foods and traditional Chinese medicines. The role of 5-HMF in antiviral innate immunity and its mechanism have not been reported previously. In this study, we reveal for the first time that 5-HMF upregulates the production of retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I)-mediated type I interferon (IFN) as a response to viral infection. IFN-ß and IFN-stimulated chemokine gene expressions induced by the vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) are upregulated in RAW264.7 cells and primary peritoneal macrophages after treatment with 5-HMF, a natural product that appears to inhibit the efficiency of viral replication. Meanwhile, 5-HMF-pretreated mice show enhanced innate antiviral immunity, increased serum levels of IFN-ß, and reduced morbidity and viral loads upon infection with VSV. Thus, 5-HMF can be seen to have a positive effect on enhancing type I IFN production. Mechanistically, 5-HMF upregulates the expression of RIG-I in macrophages, resulting in an acceleration of the RIG-I signaling pathway activation. Additionally, STAT1 and STAT2 phosphorylations, along with the expression of IFN-stimulated chemokine genes induced by IFN-α/ß, were also enhanced in macrophages cotreated with 5-HMF. In summary, these findings indicate that 5-HMF not only can induce type I IFN production but also can enhance IFN-JAK/STAT signaling, leading to a novel immunomodulatory mechanism against viral infection. In conclusion, our study reveals a previously unrecognized effect of 5-HMF in the antiviral innate immune response and suggests new potential of utilizing 5-HMF for controlling viral infection.

11.
Opt Lett ; 46(21): 5485-5488, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34724507

RESUMO

Anisotropic nanostructures can be generated in fused silica glass by manipulating the spatiotemporal properties of a picosecond pulse. This phenomenon is attributed to laser-induced interband self-trapped excitons. The anisotropic structures exhibit birefringent properties, and thus can be employed for multi-dimensional optical data storage applications. Data voxels generated by such short laser irradiation enable on-the-fly high-speed data recording.

12.
Biomaterials ; 279: 121215, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736144

RESUMO

Shape memory alloys (SMAs) have a wide range of potential novel medical applications due to their superelastic properties and ability to restore and retain a 'memorised' shape. However, most SMAs are permanent and do not degrade in the body when used in implantable devices. The use of non-degrading metals may lead to the requirement for secondary removal surgery and this in turn may introduce both short and long-term health risks, or additional waste disposal requirements. Biodegradable SMAs can effectively eliminate these issues by gradually degrading inside the human body while providing the necessary support for healing purposes, therefore significantly alleviating patient discomfort and improving healing efficiency. This paper reviews the current progress in biodegradable SMAs from the perspective of biodegradability, mechanical properties, and biocompatibility. By providing insights into the status of SMAs and biodegradation mechanisms, the prospects for Mg- and Fe-based biodegradable SMAs to advance biodegradable SMA-based medical devices are explored. Finally, the remaining challenges and potential solutions in the biodegradable SMAs area are discussed, providing suggestions and research frameworks for future studies on this topic.

13.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt C): 127655, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34773795

RESUMO

In this work, a novel Ni-doped PbO2 anode (Ni-PbO2) was prepared via a co-electrodeposition method and used to remove Ni-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (Ni-EDTA) from solutions typical of electroless nickel plating wastewater. Compared with a pure PbO2 electrode, Ni doping increased the oxygen evolution potential as well as the reactive surface area and reactive site concentration and reduced the electron transfer resistance thereby resulting in superior Ni-EDTA degradation performance. The 1% Ni-doped PbO2 electrode exhibited the best electrochemical oxidation activity with a Ni-EDTA removal efficiency of 96.5 ± 1.2%, a Ni removal efficiency of 52.1 ± 1.4% and an energy consumption of 2.6 kWh m-3. Further investigations revealed that 1% Ni doping enhanced both direct oxidation and hydroxyl radical mediated oxidation processes involved in Ni-EDTA degradation. A mechanism for Ni-EDTA degradation is proposed based on the identified products. The free nickel ion concentration initially increased as a result of the degradation of Ni-EDTA complexes and subsequently decreased as a consequence of nickel electrodeposition on the cathode surface. Further characterization of the cathode deposits by X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectra indicated that the deposition products were a mixture of Ni0, NiO and Ni(OH)2 with elemental Ni accounting for roughly 80% of the deposited nickel. Results of this study pave the way for the application of anodic oxidation processes for efficient degradation of Ni-containing complexes and recovery of Ni from nickel-containing wastewaters.

14.
Mater Horiz ; 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34806103

RESUMO

Metal tellurides (MTs) have emerged as highly promising candidate anode materials for state-of-the-art lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) and sodium ion batteries (SIBs). This is owing to the unique crystal structure, high intrinsic conductivity, and high trap density of such materials. The present work delivers a detailed discussion on the latest research and progress associated with the use of MTs for LIBs/SIBs with a focus on reaction mechanisms, challenges, electrochemical performance, and synthesis strategies. Further, the prospects and future development of MT anode materials are discussed in terms of strategies to overcome the existing limitations. This review provides both an in-depth understanding of MTs and provides the driving force for expanding research on MTs for energy storage and conversion applications.

15.
Theranostics ; 11(20): 9821-9832, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34815788

RESUMO

Background: Bone metastasis is a frequent symptom of breast cancer and current targeted therapy has limited efficacy. Osteoclasts play critical roles to drive osteolysis and metastatic outgrowth of tumor cells in bone. Previously we identified CST6 as a secretory protein significantly downregulated in bone-metastatic breast cancer cells. Functional analysis showed that CST6 suppresses breast-to-bone metastasis in animal models. However, the functional mechanism and therapeutic potential of CST6 in bone metastasis is unknown. Methods: Using in vitro osteoclastogenesis and in vivo metastasis assays, we studied the effect and mechanism of extracellular CST6 protein in suppressing osteoclastic niches and bone metastasis of breast cancer. A number of peptides containing the functional domain of CST6 were screened to inhibit bone metastasis. The efficacy, stability and toxicity of CST6 recombinant protein and peptides were evaluated in preclinical metastasis models. Results: We show here that CST6 inhibits osteolytic bone metastasis by inhibiting osteoclastogenesis. Cancer cell-derived CST6 enters osteoclasts by endocytosis and suppresses the cysteine protease CTSB, leading to up-regulation of the CTSB hydrolytic substrate SPHK1. SPHK1 suppresses osteoclast maturation by inhibiting the RANKL-induced p38 activation. Importantly, recombinant CST6 protein effectively suppresses bone metastasis in vitro and in vivo. We further identified several peptides mimicking the function of CST6 to suppress cancer cell-induced osteoclastogenesis and bone metastasis. Pre-clinical analyses of CTS6 recombinant protein and peptides demonstrated their potentials in treatment of breast cancer bone metastasis. Conclusion: These findings reveal the CST6-CTSB-SPHK1 signaling axis in osteoclast differentiation and provide a promising approach to treat bone diseases with CST6-based peptides.

16.
Front Behav Neurosci ; 15: 747733, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803624

RESUMO

Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) is assumed to exert beneficial effects on functional brain activity and cognitive function in elders. Until now, empirical evidence of TCC induced intra-regional spontaneous neural activity and inhibitory control remains inconclusive. Whether the effect of TCC is better than that of other aerobic exercises is still unknown, and the role of TCC in younger adults is not yet fully understood. Here we used resting-state functional MRI (fMRI) to investigate the effects of 8-week TCC (n = 12) and brisk walking (BW, n = 12) on inhibitory control and fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (fALFF). The results found that TCC had significant effects on inhibitory control performance and spontaneous neural activity that were associated with significantly increased fALFF in the left medial superior frontal gyrus (Cohen's d = 1.533) and the right fusiform gyrus (Cohen's d = 1.436) and decreased fALFF in the right dorsolateral superior frontal gyrus (Cohen's d = 1.405) and the right paracentral lobule (Cohen's d = 1.132).TCC exhibited stronger effects on spontaneous neural activity than the BW condition, as reflected in significantly increased fALFF in the left medial superior frontal gyrus (Cohen's d = 0.862). There was a significant positive correlation between the increase in fALFF in the left medial superior frontal gyrus and the enhancement in inhibitory control performance. The change in fALFF in the left medial superior frontal gyrus was able to explain the change in inhibitory control performance induced by TCC. In conclusion, our results indicated that 8 weeks of TCC intervention could improve processing efficiency related to inhibitory control and alter spontaneous neural activity in young adults, and TCC had potential advantages over BW intervention for optimizing spontaneous neural activity.

17.
Front Psychol ; 12: 764132, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803846

RESUMO

Background: Several instruments that measure spirituality present overlaps with positive emotions, impacting the interpretation of their findings. In order to minimize these problems, we aimed to develop, assess the reliability and validate a new scale to evaluate spirituality. Methods: The instrument was designed using a theoretical framework minimizing tautological issues (i.e., Koenig's framework), a qualitative study investigating the definitions of spirituality, the development of the first version of instrument by experts' meetings and a qualitative cognitive debriefing. Then, the instrument was examined for its content validity by a multidisciplinary group of judges and was pilot-tested in two different groups - less religious (medical students - n = 85) and more religious (practicing religious members - n = 85). Finally, psychometric properties and validity were assessed. Results: The developed Attitudes Related to Spirituality Scale (ARES) is a self-report 11-item instrument using five-level Likert items. ARES presented appropriate psychometric properties revealing excellent internal consistency (alpha = 0.98) and temporal stability (ICC = 0.98). Likewise, ARES was strongly correlated with other validated R/S instruments (i.e., Duke Religion Index and Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness/Spirituality) and was able to discriminate higher and lower religious groups. In the exploratory factor analysis, a unidimensional structure of the scale was described. Fit indices for the scale demonstrated good fit in the unidimensional model. Conclusion: The ARES is a reliable, valid and stable one-dimension instrument that is appropriate for use in the Portuguese-speaking population. Descriptors: Spirituality; Scale; Factorial Analysis; Instrument; Measure; Psychometrics.

18.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 779123, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34805183

RESUMO

Background: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a common aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL). While combined chemotherapy has improved the outcomes of DLBCL, it remains a highly detrimental disease. Pyroptosis, an inflammatory programmed cell death, is considered to have both tumor-promoting and tumor-suppressing effects. The role of pyroptosis in DLBCL has been gradually appreciated, but its value needs further investigation. Methods: We analyzed mutations and copy number variation (CNV) alterations of pyroptosis-related genes (PRGs) from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) cohort and evaluated the differences in expression in normal B cells and DLBCL patients in two Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) datasets (GSE12195 and GSE56315). Based on the expression of 52 PRGs, we divided 421 DLBCL patients from the GSE31312 dataset into distinct clusters using consensus clustering. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to prognosis among the three clusters, and GSVA was used to explore differences in the biological functions. ESTIMATE and single-sample gene-set enrichment analysis (ssGSEA) were used to analyze the tumor immune microenvironment (TME) in different clusters. A risk score signature was developed using a univariate survival analysis and multivariate regression analysis, and the reliability and validity of the signature were verified. By combining the signature with clinical factors, a nomogram was established to predict the prognosis of DLBCL patients. The alluvial diagram and correlation matrix were used to explore the relationship between pyroptosis risk score, clinical features and TME. Results: A large proportion of PRGs are dysregulated in DLBCL and associated with the prognosis. We found three distinct pyroptosis-related clusters (cluster A, B, and C) that differed significantly with regard to the prognosis, biological process, clinical characteristics, chemotherapeutic drug sensitivity, and TME. Furthermore, we developed a risk score signature that effectively differentiates high and low-risk patients. The nomogram combining this signature with several clinical indicators showed an excellent ability to predict the prognosis of DCBCL patients. Conclusions: This work demonstrates that pyroptosis plays an important role in the diversity and complexity of the TME in DLBCL. The risk signature of pyroptosis is a promising predictive tool. A correct and comprehensive assessment of the mode of action of pyroptosis in individuals will help guide more effective treatment.

19.
BMC Med Imaging ; 21(1): 176, 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34809615

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preoperative identification of rectal cancer lymph node status is crucial for patient prognosis and treatment decisions. Rectal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) plays an essential role in the preoperative staging of rectal cancer, but its ability to predict lymph node metastasis (LNM) is insufficient. This study explored the value of histogram features of primary lesions on multi-parametric MRI for predicting LNM of stage T3 rectal carcinoma. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 175 patients with stage T3 rectal cancer who underwent preoperative MRI, including diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) before surgery. 62 patients were included in the LNM group, and 113 patients were included in the non-LNM group. Texture features were calculated from histograms derived from T2 weighted imaging (T2WI), DWI, ADC, and T2 maps. Stepwise logistic regression analysis was used to screen independent predictors of LNM from clinical features, imaging features, and histogram features. Predictive performance was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Finally, a nomogram was established for predicting the risk of LNM. RESULTS: The clinical, imaging and histogram features were analyzed by stepwise logistic regression. Preoperative carbohydrate antigen 199 level (p = 0.009), MRN stage (p < 0.001), T2WIKurtosis (p = 0.010), DWIMode (p = 0.038), DWICV (p = 0.038), and T2-mapP5 (p = 0.007) were independent predictors of LNM. These factors were combined to form the best predictive model. The model reached an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.860, with a sensitivity of 72.8% and a specificity of 85.5%. CONCLUSION: The histogram features on multi-parametric MRI of the primary tumor in rectal cancer were related to LN status, which is helpful for improving the ability to predict LNM of stage T3 rectal cancer.

20.
Lancet Reg Health West Pac ; 17: 100280, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34734200

RESUMO

Background: Aortic dissection (AD) represents a significant mortality; however, there is rare epidemiologic information about the demography of AD in Chinese, especially its incidence rate. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was established using the Urban Employee Basic Medical Insurance claims data covering 346.7 million residents from 23 provinces in China, 2015-2016. AD cases were then linked to database of the Urban Employee Basic Endowment Insurance for death information. Incidence rate was age- and sex-standardized to the 2010 China census population. The associations between AD and related factors were evaluated with Poisson regression models. Moreover, mortality and sex- and age-adjusted survival rate was estimated by Cox models. Findings: 6084 adult AD cases were included in incidence analysis. Totally 4692(77.1%) were men and 5641(92.7%) were Han Chinese. The overall age- and sex-adjusted incidence rate of AD was 2.78(95%CI:2.59-2.98) per 100,000 person-years. In terms of geographic disparities, the crude incidence rate was significantly higher in Northwest China than South China (4.96[95%CI:4.17-5.75] vs. 2.04[95%CI:0.38-3.71] per 100,000 person-years; risk ratio: 2.67[95%CI: 2.34-3.04]). Moreover, survival analysis of 4518 AD patients with 683 recorded deaths during follow-up (median 2.2 years) showed that overall 3-year survival was 83.7%(95%CI:82.4-84.8). Interpretation: This contemporary population-based cohort study provides a first comprehensive assessment of incidence of AD in urban Chinese adults. The distinct signatures of different incidence with respect to geographic variations may have important implications for clinical management of AD. Funding: Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology (2020YFC2003503, 2016YFC0903000), and National Natural Science Foundation of China (91846112, 81973132, 81961128006).

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...