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1.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 150: 371-379, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007548

RESUMO

In this work, a novel lignin/titanium dioxide (QAL/TiO2) hybrid composite with regular microstructure and synergistically enhanced UV absorption properties was synthesized by a simple hydrothermal method using lignin and butyl titanate. The prepared QAL/TiO2 composite is hybrid structure in which lignin and TiO2 is uniformly embedded, and has strong chemical bond bonding force. The QAL/TiO2 hybrid composite particles were used for doping modification of waterborne polyurethane (WPU), which had good interfacial compatibility and dispersibility in WPU. The obtained WPU + QAL/TiO2 film shows excellent UV shielding performance and great mechanical properties, the tensile strength and elongation at break are significantly improved compared with pure WPU film. And it also has excellent anti-UV aging property, that the mechanical performance basically remains unchanged after 96 h of high power ultraviolet irradiation. This work not only provides a kind of lignin/TiO2 hybrid composite with neat structure, good dispersion and excellent optical properties, but also has great significance for the high-valued utilization of biomass resources.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 717: 137178, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062274

RESUMO

Dressings coated with silver nanoparticle (AgNP) are widely used in the management of acute and chronic wounds. However, whether AgNP exerts toxicity on wound healing remains ambiguous. To demonstrate the effects of AgNP on wound healing, we precisely quantified the recovery speed of wound by taking advantage of the fin regeneration of zebrafish. This method also enabled assessment of the adverse effect of AgNP on various steps of wound healing in vivo. We revealed that AgNP treatment at the concentration of 2 µg/ml impaired fin regeneration when exposure was performed at the phases of epithelialization and the beginning of blastema formation. Cell proliferation of regenerative blastema was significantly decreased after AgNP exposure. But the canonical signals including Wingless/Integrated (Wnt), Notch and Fibroblast growth factor (Fgf) which play important roles in cell proliferation during fin regeneration were not modulated at 36 hours post amputation (hpa). Further study showed that AgNP impaired fin regeneration through declining amputation-induced ROS as early as epithelialized phase at 18 hpa, rather than inducing ROS generation. AgNP exposure also promoted recruitment of neutrophils in the early phase of wound healing, which suggests that this event dampened amputation-induced ROS. Overall, this study suggested that application of AgNP-coated dressings should be carefully considered at the beginning stage of wound healing.

3.
Acta Ophthalmol ; 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32030900

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the relationships among retinal/choroidal thickness, retinal microvascular network and visual field in high myopia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included a total of 62 subjects, comprising 31 eyes with high myopia and 31 eyes with emmetropia or low myopia. Optical coherence tomography was used to quantify the thickness of ganglion cell complex (GCC), inner nuclear layer and outer plexiform layer (INOPL), outer retinal layer (ORL) and choroid layer (ChL). Optical coherence tomography angiography was used to quantify the superficial vessel density (SVD) and deep vessel density (DVD). Retinal light sensitivity (RLS) was measured by microperimetry-1 (MP1). The inner ring (1-1.75 mm), the outer ring (1.75-2.5 mm) and the whole ring (1-2.5 mm) around the macula were analysed and compared between the two groups. Pearson correlation analysis was performed to analyse the relationship among them. RESULTS: In the highly myopic group, the thinning of retinal/choroidal thickness and the decrease in retinal vessel density and RLS were found when compared to the emmetropia or low myopia (p < 0.05). Decreased RLS was correlated with decreased ORL thickness (r = -0.469, p = 0.008) and choroid thickness (r = 0.398, p = 0.030). There was no correlation between retinal microvascular network parameters and RLS (p > 0.05), but DVD showed a negative correlation with ORL (r = -0.474, p = 0.007). CONCLUSION: Early visual field defects in highly myopic eyes may be influenced by the ORL loss and defect of choroidal circulation. The deep retinal microvascular network may have a compensatory action in the hypoxic setting of high myopia.

4.
J Vis Exp ; (155)2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065164

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complex chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease. The pathogenesis of the disease is related to invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells. Patients with active RA present fewer iNKT cells, defective cell function, and excessive polarization of Th1. In this study, an RA animal model was established using a mixture of hGPI325-339 and hGPI469-483 peptides. The iNKT cells were obtained by in vivo induction and in vitro purification, followed by infusion into RA mice for adoptive immunotherapy. The in vivo imaging system (IVIS) tracking revealed that iNKT cells were mainly distributed in the spleen and liver. On day 12 after cell therapy, the disease progression slowed down significantly, the clinical symptoms were alleviated, the abundance of iNKT cells in the thymus increased, the proportion of iNKT1 in the thymus decreased, and the levels of TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IL-6 in the serum decreased. Adoptive immunotherapy of iNKT cells restored the balance of immune cells and corrected the excessive inflammation of the body.

5.
Asian J Psychiatr ; 49: 101958, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32078953

RESUMO

This is the first study to investigate the mechanism of Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after the 2017 7.0 Ritcher scale Jiuzhaigou earthquake. In order to identify the mechanism underling interactions among different factors associated with PTSD symptoms. Three months after the earthquake, 607 participants from the heavy damaged areas were recruited in this survey. Demographic information and scale measurements on social support, resilience, anxiety, depression, and PTSD were collected using standardized questionnaire. The result showed that PTSD, anxiety symptoms, and depressive symptoms prevalence in the severely affected area were 52.7 %, 53.8 % and 69.6 %, respectively. Resilience and social support had direct effects on PTSD, as well as indirect effects on PTSD through anxiety and depression. The proposed mechanism on PTSD explained the paths among the measured variables, which explained the risk and protective factors related to PTSD. This current study has important practical implications for understanding mental health status of earthquake victims.

6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(4)2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32085660

RESUMO

Verticillium dahliae (V. dahliae) infects roots and colonizes the vascular vessels of host plants, significantly reducing the economic yield of cotton and other crops. In this study, the protein VdTHI20, which is involved in the thiamine biosynthesis pathway, was characterized by knocking out the corresponding VdTHI20 gene in V. dahliae via Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation (ATMT). The deletion of VdTHI20 resulted in several phenotypic defects in vegetative growth and conidiation and in impaired virulence in tobacco seedlings. We show that VdTHI20 increases the tolerance of V. dahliae to UV damage. The impaired vegetative growth of ΔVdTHI20 mutant strains was restored by complementation with a functional copy of the VdTHI20 gene or by supplementation with additional thiamine. Furthermore, the root infection and colonization of the ΔVdTHI20 mutant strains were suppressed, as indicated by green fluorescent protein (GFP)-labelling under microscope observation. When the RNAi constructs of VdTHI20 were used to transform Nicotiana benthamiana, the transgenic lines expressing dsVdTHI20 showed elevated resistance to V. dahliae. Together, these results suggest that VdTHI20 plays a significant role in the pathogenicity of V. dahliae. In addition, the pathogenesis-related gene VdTHI20 exhibits potential for controlling V. dahliae in important crops.

7.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 253: 112656, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035217

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Shegan-Mahuang Decoction (SMD), also named Yakammaoto or Shegan-Mahuang Tang, is a classic formula of traditional Chinese medicine with nine herbs, including Asarum sieboldii Miq., Aster tataricus L.f., Ephedra sinica Stapf, Belamcanda chinensis (L.) Redouté, Pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Breit., Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill., Tussilago farfara L., Zingiber officinale Roscoe, and Ziziphus jujuba Mill. SMD was originally discovered by Zhang Zhongjing in Eastern Han dynasty. It has been widely used as traditional medicine to treat flu-like symptoms in China and Japan for around twenty centuries. It was also utilized for the treatment of the early stage of acute asthma. However, the immune mechanisms underlying its therapeutic effects remain unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study was set to investigate the effects of SMD on asthmatic airway hyperresponsiveness and its impacts on adaptive immunity in a mouse model of asthma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The HPLC fingerprint profile of the water extract of SMD recorded 22 peaks, including those equivalent to guanosine, chlorogenic acid, tectoridin, 6-gingerol and wuweizisu B, as described previously (Yen et al., 2014). Airway hyperresponsiveness was assessed by measuring the airway resistance. Cellular infiltration was measured via H&E staining and immunochemistry while gene expression was analyzed using real-time RT-PCR. Treg frequency was determined through flow analysis whereas cytokine production in the supernatant was evaluated using ELISA. Finally, mTOR and NF-kB signalings were analyzed via Western blotting. RESULTS: We found that SMD largely corrected the imbalance of Th cell subsets in asthmatic mice with a significant inhibition of Th2 and Th17 cytokine production, thereby reducing asthmatic airway hyperresponsiveness. Moreover, lung function tests showed that SMD reduced airway hyperresponsiveness while immunohistochemical analyses demonstrated that SMD attenuated pulmonary infiltration of CD3+ and CD4+ T cells. Further, we observed a significant increase in the proportion of CD4+Foxp3+ Tregs in SMD-treated asthmatic mice. We also found that SMD downregulated gene expression of GATA3 and ROR-γt in murine lung tissue. In addition, both mTOR- and NF-kB-related protein expressions were reduced in the lung tissue of SMD-treated mice. SMD inhibited Th2/Th17 cytokine production by CD4+ T cells and also their mTOR activity in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate that SMD attenuates asthmatic airway hyperresponsiveness by hindering Th2/Th17 differentiation, promoting CD4+FoxP3+ Treg generation and suppressing mTOR and NF-kB activities.

8.
Obesity (Silver Spring) ; 28(3): 601-608, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32090510

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate alterations in functional connectivity (FC) within and interactions between resting-state networks involved in salience, executive control, and interoception in participants with obesity (OB). METHODS: Using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging with independent component analysis and FC, alterations within and interactions between resting-state networks in 35 OB and 35 normal-weight controls (NW) were investigated. RESULTS: Compared with NW, OB showed reduced FC strength in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex and posterior cingulate cortex/precuneus within the default-mode network, dorsal anterior cingulate cortex within the salience network (SN), bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex-angular gyrus within the frontoparietal network (FPN), and increased FC strength in the insula (INS) (Pfamilywise error < 0.0125). The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex FC strength was negatively correlated with craving for food cues, left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex FC strength was negatively correlated with Yale Food Addiction Scale scores, and right INS FC strength was positively correlated with craving for high-calorie food cues. Compared with NW, OB also showed increased FC between the SN and FPN driven by altered FC of bilateral INS and anterior cingulate cortex-angular gyrus. CONCLUSIONS: Alterations in FC within and interactions between the SN, default-mode network, and FPN might contribute to the high incentive value of food (craving), lack of control of overeating (compulsive overeating), and increased awareness of hunger (impaired interoception) in OB.

9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(3)2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013011

RESUMO

Meloidogyne incognita and Meloidogyne graminicola are root-knot nematodes (RKNs) infecting rice (Oryza sativa L.) roots and severely decreasing yield, whose mechanisms of action remain unclear. We investigated RKN invasion and development in rice roots through RNA-seq transcriptome analysis. The results showed that 952 and 647 genes were differently expressed after 6 (invasion stage) and 18 (development stage) days post inoculation, respectively. Gene annotation showed that the differentially expressed genes were classified into diverse metabolic and stress response categories. Furthermore, phytohormone, transcription factor, redox signaling, and defense response pathways were enriched upon RKN infection. RNA-seq validation using qRT-PCR confirmed that CBL-interacting protein kinase (CIPK) genes (CIPK5, 8, 9, 11, 14, 23, 24, and 31) as well as brassinosteroid (BR)-related genes (OsBAK1, OsBRI1, D2, and D11) were altered by RKN infection. Analysis of the CIPK9 mutant and overexpressor indicated that the RKN populations were smaller in cipk9 and larger in CIPK9 OX, while more galls were produced in CIPK9 OX plant roots than the in wild-type roots. Significantly fewer numbers of second-stage infective juveniles (J2s) were observed in the plants expressing the BR biosynthesis gene D2 mutant and the BR receptor BRI1 activation-tagged mutant (bri1-D), and fewer galls were observed in bri1-D roots than in wild-type roots. The roots of plants expressing the regulator of ethylene signaling ERS1 (ethylene response sensor 1) mutant contained higher numbers of J2s and developed more galls compared with wild-type roots, suggesting that these signals function in RKN invasion or development. Our findings broaden our understanding of rice responses to RKN invasion and provide useful information for further research on RKN defense mechanisms.

10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(3)2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32019153

RESUMO

Root-knot nematodes (RKNs) severely affect plants growth and productivity, and several commercial biocontrol bacteria can improve plants resistance to RKNs. Pseudomonas putida Sneb821 isolate was found to induce tomatoes resistance against Meloidogyne incognita. However, the molecular functions behind induced resistance remains unclear. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is considered to be a new component that regulates the molecular functions of plant immunity. We found lncRNA was involved in Sneb821-induced tomato resistance to M. incognita. Compared with tomato inoculated with M. incognita, high-throughput sequencing showed that 43 lncRNAs were upregulated, while 35 lncRNAs were downregulated in tomatoes previously inoculated with Sneb821. A regulation network of lncRNAs was constructed, and the results indicated that 12 lncRNAs were found to act as sponges of their corresponding miRNAs. By using qRT-PCR and the overexpression vector pBI121, we found the expression of lncRNA44664 correlated with miR396/GRFs (growth-regulating factors) and lncRNA48734 was correlated with miR156/SPL (squamosal promoter-binding protein-like) transcription factors. These observations provided a novel molecular model in biocontrol bacteria-induced tomato resistance to M. incognita.

12.
Mol Ther ; 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053770

RESUMO

Caspase-8, a well-characterized initiator of apoptosis, has also been found to play non-apoptotic roles in cells. In this study, we reveal that caspase-8 can induce cell death in a special way, which does not depend on activation of caspases and mitochondrial initiation. Instead, we prove that caspase-8 can cause lysosomal deacidification and thus lysosomal membrane permeabilization. V-ATPase is a multi-subunit proton pump that acidifies the lumen of lysosome. Our results demonstrate that caspase-8 can bind to the V0 domain of lysosomal Vacuolar H+-ATPase (V-ATPase), but not the V1 domain, to block the assembly of functional V-ATPase and alkalinize lysosomes. We further demonstrate that the C-terminal of caspase-8 is mainly responsible for the interaction with V-ATPase and can suffice to inhibit survival of cancer cells. Interestingly, regardless of the protein level, it is the expression rate of caspase-8 that is the major cause of cell death. Taken together, we identify a previously unrevealed caspase-8-mediated cell death pathway different form typical apoptosis, which could render caspase-8 a particular physiological function and may be potentially applied in treatments for apoptosis-resistant cancers.

13.
J Affect Disord ; 264: 187-192, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32056749

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Poor mental health status among both pregnant and postpartum women is commonly reported worldwide. The associations between mental health outcomes and giving birth to the second child since the implementation of China's universal two-child policy have not been identified. METHODS: A large-scale based mental health survey was conducted between March 2017 and December 2018 in Suzhou, China. The survey evaluated the symptoms of anxiety, hypomania, depression and poor sleep quality among both pregnant and postpartum women. RESULTS: A total of 3113 questionnaires were collected, the prevalence of anxiety, hypomanic and depressive symptoms and poor sleep quality in our sample were 3.2% (95%CI: 2.6%-3.9%), 51.7% (95%CI: 49.9%-53.4%), 12.4% (95%CI: 11.3%-13.6%) and 37.8% (95%CI: 36.0%-39.5%), respectively. Logistic regression showed that giving birth to the second child was positively associated with women's age, and was negatively correlated with higher educational level and living in rented housing. Women with the second pregnancy or child were positively associated with anxiety symptoms in the whole sample (OR = 1.75, 95%CI: 1.11-2.75) and among prenatal women (OR = 2.11, 95%CI: 1.16-3.83), while it was inversely correlated with depressive symptoms among postpartum women (OR = 0.63, 95%CI: 0.41-0.99). CONCLUSIONS: Women giving birth a second time were more prone to have anxiety symptoms among the prenatal women and the whole sample, and less likely to have depressive symptoms among the postpartum women. Efficacious measures and interventions are essential to improve maternal mental health.

14.
Microb Pathog ; : 104061, 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061916

RESUMO

To compare different nanoparticle-based nasal vaccines against foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), chitosan (CS)-coated poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) (CS/PLGA-NPs) and amino-functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticles (Am/MSNs) loaded with FMDV recombinant plasmid (pP12A3C/IFN-CS/PLGA-NPs and pP12A3C/IFN-Am/MS-NPs) were used to induce mucosal and systemic immune responses in guinea pigs via intranasal delivery. Simultaneously, CpG oligodeoxy nucleotides (ODNs) as a vaccine adjuvant were encapsulated in chitosan-coated poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles (CpG-CS/PLGA-NPs). The pP12A3C/IFN-CS/PLGA-NPs and CpG-CS/PLGA-NPs generated displayed good morphology, high stability, mean diameters of 500 and 400 nm and encapsulation efficiencies of 83.8% and 88.4%, respectively. Data from the in vitro release assay showed that plasmid and CpG were sustainably released from nanoparticles (up to 66.73% and 64%, respectively, of the total amount loaded). Guinea pigs immunized with pP12A3C/IFN-CS/PLGA-NPs + CpG-CS/PLGA-NPs showed markedly higher mucosal, cellular and humoral immune responses than those administered pP12A3C/IFN-CS/PLGA-NPs or naked plasmid vaccine alone. FMDV-specific secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) antibodies in nasal washes were initially detected at 3 days post-vaccination with CS/PLGA-NPs loaded with plasmid. Guinea pigs immunized with pP12A3C/IFN-CS/PLGA-NPs also displayed higher cellular and humoral immune responses than pP12A3C-CS/PLGA-NPs and naked plasmid vaccine alone. FMDV-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies in serum were initially detected at 5 days post-vaccination (intramuscularly) with the naked plasmid. Finally, challenge experiments 42 days post-vaccine revealed 100% protection in guinea pigs immunized with pP12A3C/IFN-CS/PLGA-NPs + CpG-CS/PLGA-NPs and pP12A3C/IFN-CS/PLGA-NPs. However, plasmid DNA was burst released from pP12A3C/IFN-Am/MS-NPs. Our attempts to use pP12A3C/IFN-Am/MS-NPs to immunize guinea pigs failed to induce immune responses. In conclusion, CpG and IFN-α adjuvant based FMD vaccines elicit protection in guinea pigs. Moreover, CS-coated PLGA NPs present an efficient and safe mucosal immune delivery system for FMDV DNA vaccine. Data from the current study provide a foundation for understanding and further evaluating protective immune responses in pigs.

15.
J Transl Med ; 18(1): 89, 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32066458

RESUMO

The Editor-in-Chief has retracted this article [1] because Figure 3a overlaps with Figure 2 in [2]. An investigation by Zhengzhou University has confirmed this. The data reported in this article are therefore unreliable. There is also considerable text overlap with a previously published article [3]. Guoqiang Zhao does not agree with this retraction. The other authors have not responded to correspondence from the editor about this retraction.

16.
BMJ Open Respir Res ; 7(1)2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32075781

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Although bacteria contribute significantly to acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD), the added value of antibiotics remains controversial, especially in outpatient settings. Age may affect antibiotic effectiveness, but real-world evidence is lacking. We aimed to assess the influence of age on the effectiveness of doxycycline for AECOPD. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study among outpatients with the first recorded AECOPD treated with oral corticosteroids was conducted using a large pharmacy dispensing database. The primary outcome was treatment failure within 15-31 days after treatment start. Secondary outcome was time to second exacerbation. All analyses were stratified by age groups. RESULTS: We identified 6300 outpatients with the first AECOPD. 2261 (36%) received doxycycline and 4039 (64%) did not receive any antibiotic (reference group). Overall, there was no difference in treatment failure (adjusted OR: 0.97, 95% CI: 0.84 to 1.12) between two groups. Similarly, no difference in treatment failure was observed in younger groups. However, in patients with advanced age (≥75 years), treatment failure was significantly reduced by doxycycline compared with reference (16% vs 20%, adjusted OR: 0.77, 95% CI: 0.62 to 0.97). Overall, median time to second exacerbation was 169 days (95% CI: 158 to 182 days) in doxycycline group compared with 180 days (95% CI: 169 to 191 days) in reference group (adjusted HR: 1.06, 95% CI: 0.99 to 1.12). Although in older patients there was a trend within 3 months towards longer time of next exacerbation by doxycycline, it did not achieve statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings showed short-term treatment benefit of doxycycline added to oral corticosteroids for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients with advanced age. This value remains unclear for persons aged under 75 years in current primary care. Long-term preventive benefits of doxycycline for the next exacerbation were not observed, irrespective of age.

17.
BMJ Open ; 10(1): e033448, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969367

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Aliskiren is a newly developed medicine. As one of the effective renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors, its role in lowering blood pressure has been recognised. However, its safety and tolerability still remain controversial. The aim of the paper is to systematically summarise the published studies about the clinical efficacy and side effects of aliskiren monotherapy. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A comprehensive review of PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library databases published from inception until June 2019 will be conducted. The selected articles are meta-analyses that integrated the randomised controlled studies, which evaluated efficacy, safety and tolerability of aliskiren monotherapy. Two people will select eligible articles and extract data independently. Any disputes will be resolved by discussion or the arbitration of a third person. The quality of reporting evidence will be assessed using the AMSTAR 2 tool. Study selection process will be presented using a flowchart. We will re-analyse each outcome with the random effect methods if necessary. If possible, we will also calculate 95% prediction intervals for each random effect estimate, by using Egger's test to evaluate if the reporting bias existed. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval is not required for the study, as we only collected data from available published materials. This umbrella review will be also submitted to a peer-reviewed journal for publication after completion. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019142141.

18.
J Exp Med ; 217(3)2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961917

RESUMO

Cancer cells often proliferate under hypoxia and reprogram their metabolism. However, how to find targets to effectively block the hypoxia-associated metabolic pathways remains unclear. Here, we developed a tool to conveniently calculate electrons dissipated in metabolic transformations. Based on the law of conservation of electrons in chemical reactions, we further built up an electron balance model for central carbon metabolism, and it can accurately outline metabolic plasticity under hypoxia. Our model specifies that glutamine metabolism reprogrammed for biosynthesis of lipid and/or proline actually acts as the alternative electron bin to enable electron transfer in proliferating cells under hypoxia. Inhibition of both proline biosynthesis and lipogenesis can synergistically suppress cancer cell growth under hypoxia and in vivo tumor onset. Therefore, our model helps to reveal combinations of potential targets to inhibit tumor growth by blocking hypoxia-rewired metabolism and provides a useful tool for future studies on cancer metabolism.

19.
Clin J Pain ; 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31990692

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Chronic inflammation increases the production of cytokines and activates pro-inflammatory pathways which may lead to non-specific low back pain (LBP). We systematically reviewed the literature to investigate whether inflammatory biomarkers are associated with non-specific LBP. METHODS: CINAHL, Medline and EMBASE were searched between January 1946 and May 2018. MeSH terms and key words were used to identify studies examining the association between inflammatory biomarkers and LBP. Two reviewers performed the risk of bias assessment and three reviewers extracted data independently. Qualitative evidence synthesis was performed. RESULTS: Thirteen studies, ranging from fair to low quality, were included. Five studies examined the association between C-reactive protein (CRP)/high-sensitivity CRP and LBP; six studies assessed tumour necrosis factors (TNFs); eight studies assessed interleukins (IL) and two studies assessed fibrinogen. There was evidence for an association of elevated levels of CRP, TNFs, and IL-6 with LBP. There was conflicting evidence for an association between IL-1ß, fibrinogen and LBP. DISCUSSION: Our findings support the notion of a positive association between inflammatory biomarkers and non-specific LBP, specifically for CRP, TNFs and IL-6. Although further high quality longitudinal studies are needed to confirm these findings and evaluate the magnitude of these associations, our findings suggest a role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of non-specific LBP.

20.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(1): 75-8, 2020 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31930903

RESUMO

It is well believed that children's spleen is often insufficient, as the structure and qi of spleen-stomach are incomplete. The deficiency of spleen-stomach plays an important role in the occurrence, development and pathogenesis of pediatric diseases. Professor LIU Xiao-ying has inherited the academic thought of NI Zhu-ying, a famous physician of TCM, and proposed the external treatment method of "supporting the middle". This method emphasizes the constant care of the spleen-stomach of children in the aspect of acupoint selection, and adoptes the external treatment of children's tuina, supporting-yang cupping therapy (including warming tuina, warming moxibustion and warm scrapping), acupuncture (including abdominal acupuncture, intradermal needling) to treat children's diseases of spleen, lung, kidney and others, which has achieved satisfactory therapeutic effects.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Criança , Humanos , Baço
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