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1.
PeerJ ; 11: e14646, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36643625

RESUMO

Fatty acid metabolism (FAM) is an important factor in tumorigenesis and development. However, whether fatty acid metabolism (FAM)-related genes are associated with prostate cancer (PCa) prognosis is not known. Therefore, we established a novel prognostic model based on FAM-related genes to predict biochemical recurrence in PCa patients. First, PCa sequencing data were acquired from TCGA as the training cohort and GSE21032 as the validation cohort. Second, a prostate cancer prognostic model containing 10 FAM-related genes was constructed using univariate Cox and LASSO. Principal component analysis and t-distributed stochastic neighbour embedding analysis showed that the model was highly effective. Third, PCa patients were divided into high- and low-risk groups according to the model risk score. Survival analysis, ROC curve analysis, and independent prognostic analysis showed that the high-risk group had short recurrence-free survival (RFS), and the risk score was an independent diagnostic factor with diagnostic value in PCa patients. External validation using GSE21032 also showed that the prognostic model had high reliability. A nomogram based on a prognostic model was constructed for clinical use. Fourth, tumor immune correlation analyses, such as the ESTIMATE, CIBERSORT algorithm, and ssGSEA, showed that the high-risk group had higher immune cell infiltration, lower tumour purity, and worse RFS. Various immune checkpoints were expressed at higher levels in high-risk patients. In summary, this prognostic model is a promising prognostic biomarker for PCa that should improve the prognosis of PCa patients. These data provide new ideas for antitumour immunotherapy and have good potential value for the development of targeted drugs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , Masculino , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Nomogramas , Ácidos Graxos
2.
Meat Sci ; 198: 109117, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36689802

RESUMO

To understand characteristics of carcass traits and meat quality in pig population, 22 indicators of carcass characteristics and meat quality traits were measured on 278 Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire barrows that were slaughtered in different seasons (spring, summer, autumn and winter). The effects of body weight and season on carcass characteristics and meat quality were analyzed by GLM procedure, followed the Bonferroni multiple test. The phenotypic correlations among those traits were calculated by employing the CORR procedure. In addition, the linear regression equations were constructed by stepwise regression model in REG procedure. The results showed that pigs slaughtered in spring had the heaviest body weight among the four seasons (P < 0.05), pigs slaughtered in summer had the lowest backfat depth and shear force (P < 0.05), and pigs slaughtered in winter had the lowest drip loss (P < 0.05). The results showed more variation in backfat depth, drip loss, intramuscular fat content, and shear force, compared with other indicators across pigs. Body weight had a significant association with loin eye area, average backfat depth and L⁎24 h (P < 0.05). Furthermore, regression equations for drip loss, cooking loss, shear force, and intramuscular fat content were constructed using more accessible indicators. Collectively, this study provided an overall view of carcass and meat quality traits in a commercial pig population in China, and illustrated that season significantly affected carcass characteristics and meat quality traits independently of body weight.

3.
Med Image Anal ; 84: 102699, 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36463832

RESUMO

The density of mitotic figures (MF) within tumor tissue is known to be highly correlated with tumor proliferation and thus is an important marker in tumor grading. Recognition of MF by pathologists is subject to a strong inter-rater bias, limiting its prognostic value. State-of-the-art deep learning methods can support experts but have been observed to strongly deteriorate when applied in a different clinical environment. The variability caused by using different whole slide scanners has been identified as one decisive component in the underlying domain shift. The goal of the MICCAI MIDOG 2021 challenge was the creation of scanner-agnostic MF detection algorithms. The challenge used a training set of 200 cases, split across four scanning systems. As test set, an additional 100 cases split across four scanning systems, including two previously unseen scanners, were provided. In this paper, we evaluate and compare the approaches that were submitted to the challenge and identify methodological factors contributing to better performance. The winning algorithm yielded an F1 score of 0.748 (CI95: 0.704-0.781), exceeding the performance of six experts on the same task.

4.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 20(1): 169, 2022 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36564800

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: An increasing number of postmenopausal women are diagnosed with breast cancer at an older age (≥ 70 years). There is a lack of synthesised health utility data to support decision-making for managing breast cancer in this older population. This study aimed to identify the availability of, and the subsequent impact of age on, health state utility values (HSUVs) measured by the EQ-5D for older women with early-stage breast cancer. METHOD: This systematic review identified EQ-5D (3L or 5L version) HSUVs for postmenopausal women with early-stage breast cancer. Studies were identified from a previous systematic review (inception to 2009) and an electronic database search (Medline and Embase; 2009 to September 2021). Mean HSUVs were summarised by health state. Quality appraisal was performed on studies reporting HSUVs for older ages (≥ 70 years). Multivariable meta-regression assessed the association between HSUVs and age, health state, treatments received, and time of measuring the utility values (greater or less than one year post-treatment). RESULTS: Fifty EQ-5D HSUVs were identified from 13 studies. Mean HSUVs decreased as health state worsened: from the stable (mean=0.83) to progression (mean=0.79) and advanced (mean=0.68) states. Two studies reported six HSUVs estimated from the sample of women with a mean age ≥ 70. Meta-regression model fit improved by including age as an independent variable and attenuated the estimated utility decrements associated with worse health states. Utility decrements for the progression and advanced states were -0.052 (95%CI: -0.097, -0.007) and -0.143 (95%CI: -0.264, -0.022) respectively. The breast cancer-specific utility decrement associated with a one-year increase in age was -0.001 (95%CI: -0.004, 0.002). CONCLUSION: Relevant and accurate HSUVs are essential to help support decision-making about the most effective and cost-effective ways to manage early-stage breast cancer in older women. Age has a vital role in determining health utility values in this population. This study provides analysts and decision-makers with HSUVs and utility decrements that reflect the disease process in this older population.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Nível de Saúde , Análise Custo-Benefício
5.
Opt Express ; 30(24): 43491-43502, 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36523045

RESUMO

A counter-propagating laser-beam platform using a spherical plasma mirror was developed for the kilojoule-class petawatt LFEX laser. The temporal and spatial overlaps of the incoming and redirected beams were measured with an optical interferometer and an x-ray pinhole camera. The plasma mirror performance was evaluated by measuring fast electrons, ions, and neutrons generated in the counter-propagating laser interaction with a Cu-doped deuterated film on both sides. The reflectivity and peak intensity were estimated as ∼50% and ∼5 × 1018 W/cm2, respectively. The platform could enable studies of counter-streaming charged particles in high-energy-density plasmas for fundamental and inertial confinement fusion research.

6.
BMC Infect Dis ; 22(1): 947, 2022 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36526990

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the clinical characteristics and the length of hospital stay (LOS), as well as risk factors for prolonged LOS in a cohort of asymptomatic and mild COVID-19 patients infected with the Omicron variant. METHODS: A total of 1166 COVID-19 patients discharged from the inpatient ward of the largest makeshift hospital (May 8-10, 2022) in Shanghai, China, were included. The demographics, medical history, and the lowest and admission cycle threshold (Ct) values of the RT-PCR tests for SARS-CoV-2 genes of the open reading frame 1ab (Ct-ORF) and the nucleocapsid protein (Ct-N) during hospitalization were recorded. Patients with LOS > 7 days, or LOS ≤ 7 days were included in the Prolonged group or the Control group, separately. The clinical characteristics and LOS of the participants in the two groups were described and compared. Multivariate Logistic and linear regression analyses were applied to explore the risk factors for prolonged LOS. The diagnostic efficacy of the lowest and admission Ct values for the Prolonged group was tested via the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. RESULTS: The median LOS was 6 days in the total study population. The age was older (45.52 ± 14.78 vs. 42.54 ± 15.30, P = 0.001), while both the lowest and admission Ct-ORF (27.68 ± 3.88 vs. 37.00 ± 4.62, P < 0.001; 30.48 ± 5.03 vs. 37.79 ± 3.81, P < 0.001) and Ct-N (25.79 ± 3.60 vs. 36.06 ± 5.39, P < 0.001; 28.71 ± 4.95 vs. 36.95 ± 4.59, P < 0.001) values were significantly lower in the Prolonged group. There were more mild cases in the Prolonged group (23.8% vs. 11.5%, P < 0.001). The symptom spectrum differed between the two groups. In multivariate analyses, age, disease category, and the lowest Ct-N values were shown to be associated with prolonged LOS. Besides, both the lowest and admission Ct-ORF (AUC = 0.911 and 0.873) and Ct-N (AUC = 0.912 and 0.874) showed robust diagnostic efficacy for prolonged LOS. CONCLUSIONS: Our study firstly reports the clinical characteristics and risk factors for prolonged LOS during the wave of the Omicron epidemic in Shanghai, China. These findings provide evidence for the early identification of asymptomatic and mild COVID-19 patients at a high risk of prolonged hospitalization who may require early intervention, and long-term monitoring and management.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2/genética , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Tempo de Internação , China/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Biotechnol Biofuels Bioprod ; 15(1): 142, 2022 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36528622

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei is extensively used for the industrial-scale cellulase production. It has been well known that the transcription factor Xyr1 plays an important role in the regulatory network controlling cellulase gene expression. However, the role of Xyr1 in the regulation of cellulase expression has not been comprehensively elucidated, which hinders further improvement of lignocellulolytic enzyme production. RESULTS: Here, the expression dosage of xyr1 was tailored in T. reesei by differentially overexpressing the xyr1 gene under the control of three strong promoters (Pegl2, Pcbh1, and Pcdna1), and the transcript abundance of xyr1 was elevated 5.8-, 12.6-, and 47.2-fold, respectively. We found expression of cellulase genes was significantly increased in the Pegl2-driven xyr1 overexpression strain QE2X, whereas relatively low in the Pcbh1- and Pcdna1-driven overexpression strains. We also found that the Pegl2-driven overexpression of xyr1 caused a more significant opening of chromatin in the core promoter region of the prominent cellulase genes. Furthermore, the cellulase activity showed a 3.2-fold increase in the strain QE2X, while insignificant improvement in the Pcbh1- and Pcdna1-driven strains. Finally, the saccharification efficiency toward acid-pretreated corncob residues containing high-content lignin by the crude enzyme from QE2X was increased by 57.2% compared to that from the parental strain. Moreover, LC-MS/MS and RT-qPCR analysis revealed that expression of accessory proteins (Cip1, Cip2, Swo1, and LPMOs) was greatly improved in QE2X, which partly explained the promoting effect of the Pegl2-driven overexpression on enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulose biomass. CONCLUSIONS: Our results underpin that the precise tailoring expression of xyr1 is essential for highly efficient cellulase synthesis, which provide new insights into the role of Xyr1 in regulating cellulase expression in T. reesei. Moreover, these results also provides a prospective strategy for strain improvement to enhance the lignocellulolytic enzyme production for use in biorefinery applications.

8.
Front Psychol ; 13: 1048954, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36533014

RESUMO

Introduction: The Young Positive Schema Questionnaire (YPSQ) examines early adaptive or positive schemas as a counterpart to early maladaptive ones. This study investigated the validity and reliability of the Chinese version of the YPSQ (CYPSQ). Methods: A convenient community sample of 634 individuals, most of whom were college students, were recruited through a mobile survey. R Careless was used to screen for careless responses. A final sample of 336 was obtained. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) of the CYPSQ were conducted using SPSS AMOS 25. Other statistical analyses were conducted using SPSS 25. Results: An 11-factor CYPSQ was identified with an acceptable factor structure (χ2/df = 2.13, SRMR = 0.04, RMSEA = 0.06, GFI = 0.80, TLI = 0.90, and CFI = 0.91). Convergent and discriminant validity were confirmed in most aspects. Concurrent validity was evident with resilience, life satisfaction, depression, and anxiety. Internal reliability was satisfied as the Cronbach's alphas of the 11 factors of the CYPSQ ranged between 0.70 and 0.88. Conclusion: The findings supported the reliability and validity of the CYPSQ in Mainland China.

9.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 1025317, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388584

RESUMO

Flavonoids from Actinidia arguta Sieb. Zucc. can reduce uric acid in mice. However, the molecular basis of its biosynthesis is still unclear. In this paper, we used a combination of extensively targeted metabolomics and transcriptomics analysis to determine the types and differences of flavonoids in the fruit ripening period (August to September) of two main cultivated varieties in northern China. The ethanol extract was prepared, and the potential flavonoids of Chrysin (Flavone1), Rutin (Flavone2), and Daidzein (Flavone3) in Actinidia arguta Sieb. Zucc. were separated and purified by HPD600 macroporous adsorption resin and preparative liquid chromatography. The structure was identified by MS-HPLC, and the serum uric acid index of male Kunming mice was determined by an animal model test.125 flavonoids and 50 differentially regulated genes were identified. The contents of UA (uric acid), BUN (urea nitrogen), Cr (creatinine), and GAPDH in mouse serum and mouse liver glycogen decreased or increased in varying degrees. This paper reveals the biosynthetic pathway of uric acid-reducing flavonoids in the fruit of Actinidia arguta Sieb. Zucc., a major cultivar in northern China, provides valuable information for the development of food and drug homologous functional foods.

10.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 636(Pt 2): 31-39, 2022 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36343488

RESUMO

Both GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) and insulin receptor (IR) transmit signals for insulin release and/or cellular metabolism although using distinct sets of transducing molecules and separate pathways. We proposed a possible association of IR and GLP-1R, since they are coexpressed in diverse tissues including the pancreatic ß-cells and crosstalk between their signaling was frequently reported. We showed a specific interaction between GLP-1R and IR which was independent of intracellular receptor domains and not responsive to ligand binding. In signaling, the IRS-1 was coupled more to GLP-1R and less to IR in the receptor complex at IR activation, with subsequent IRS-1 degradation suppressed rather than its activation inhibited. The Gsα recruitment to the activated GLP-1R was inhibited in the GLP-1R/IR complex, with the signaling in cAMP pathway suppressed at IR activation. Therefore, the identified GLP-1R/IR complex recruits their signaling molecules which are differentially modified, leading to a crosstalk between their signaling.


Assuntos
Receptor do Peptídeo Semelhante ao Glucagon 1 , Células Secretoras de Insulina , Receptor do Peptídeo Semelhante ao Glucagon 1/metabolismo , Receptores de Glucagon , Receptor de Insulina/metabolismo , Células Secretoras de Insulina/metabolismo , Insulina/metabolismo
11.
Clin Med Insights Oncol ; 16: 11795549221134735, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387609

RESUMO

Background: Although the clinical application of osimertinib, a third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI), has been a new step forward in the first-line treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), an increasing number of patients with progression on osimertinib represents a great challenge clinically. The patterns of resistance mechanisms and subsequent treatment strategies after first-line osimertinib resistance are not well established. Methods: Between January 1, 2016 and October 31, 2020, a consecutive of 56 EGFR-mutant lung cancer patients treated with osimertinib as first-line therapy at Daping Hospital (Chongqing, China) were retrospective screened. The samples of pre-osimertinib and osimertinib-resistance were all detected by next-generation sequencing (NGS) panels. Statistical analyses were carried out using SPSS 23.0 software. Survival analyses were performed using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using a log-rank test between groups. Results: Among 47 patients with osimertinib effectiveness analysis, the median progression free survival (mPFS) was 15.4 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 12.2-24.9 months), and median overall survival (mOS) was 35.5 months (95% CI: 23.9 months -NA). A total of 21 patients underwent repeated NGS tests upon osimertinib resistance. MET amplification was the most common resistance mechanism (6/21, 28.6%), followed by C797S mutation (5/21, 23.8%). A total of 15 patients received subsequent treatments, with mPFS of 7.3 months (95% CI 5.0 months -NA). Among them, 7 patients with EGFR C797 S or/and MET amplification received subsequent second-line targeted therapy, achieving mPFS of 7.3 months (95% CI 4.5 months -NA). Of note, 3 patients received immunotherapy as second- or third-line treatment after osimertinib resistance, achieving median clinical benefit of 37.3 months. Conclusions: MET amplification and C797S mutation are main resistance mechanisms, which could be targeted by crizotinib and gefitinib, respectively. More than 50% patients could receive subsequent anticancer targetable therapies after first-line osimertinib resistance. Immunotherapy may also be an acceptable choice after osimertinib resistance.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36416271

RESUMO

Lithium argyrodite-type electrolytes are regarded as promising electrolytes due to their high ionic conductivity and good processability. Chemical modifications to increase ionic conductivity have already been demonstrated, but the influence of these modifications on interfacial stability remains so far unknown. In this work, we study Li 6 PS 5 Cl and Li 5.5 PS 4.5 Cl 1.5 to investigate the influence of halogenation on the electrochemical decomposition of the solid electrolyte and the chemical degradation mechanism at the cathode interface in depth. Electrochemical measurements, gas analysis and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry indicate that the Li 5.5 PS 4.5 Cl 1.5 shows pronounced electrochemical decomposition at lower potentials. The chemical reaction at higher voltages leads to more gaseous degradation products, but a lower fraction of solid oxygenated phosphorous and sulfur species. This in turn leads to a decreased interfacial resistance and thus a higher cell performance.

13.
World Neurosurg ; 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396050

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: For anterior circulation tandem occlusions (TOs), the optimal management strategy for extracranial carotid lesions is controversial. We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of acute stenting (AS) with balloon angioplasty only (BA). METHODS: Clinical data were collected from 98 patients with anterior circulation TO who underwent endovascular treatment at our center. Of these patients, 64 and 34 were assigned to the AS and BA groups, respectively. The clinical characteristics and outcome data of the two groups were analyzed and compared. RESULTS: The proportion of patients with good outcomes was 59.2%. The AS group had a higher rate of successful recanalization (98.4% vs. 82.4%, P = 0.007) and a lower rate of occlusion of the responsible vessel at 90 days (14.1% vs. 32.4%, P = 0.039) than the BA group. The AS group was also significantly better than the BA group in terms of good outcomes (67.2% vs. 44.1%, P = 0.027), but there was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of 90-day mortality (6.3% vs. 8.8%, P = 0.691) and asymptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (aICH) (6.3% vs. 5.9%, P = 1.000). Lower baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS)scores were associated with good outcomes (P < 0.001) and the presence of sICH was associated with 90-day mortality (P = 0.003). CONCLUSION: Acute stent placement in patients with acute ischaemic stroke due to anterior circulation TO may have a better outcome than BA alone, and the safety of both approaches is comparable.

14.
Cancer Med ; 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36341686

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plasma and tissue biopsy have both used for targeting actionable driver gene mutations in lung cancer, whose concordance is imperfect. A reliable method to predict the concordance is urgently needed to ease clinical application. METHODS: A total of 1012 plasma samples, including 519 with paired-tissue biopsy samples, derived from lung adenocarcinoma patients were retrospectively enrolled. We assessed the associations of several clinicopathological characteristics and serum tumor markers with the concordance between plasma and tissue biopsies. RESULTS: When carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels were higher than thresholds of 15.01 ng/ml and 51.15 ng/ml, the positive predictive value of concordance reached 90% and 95%, respectively. When CEA levels were lower than thresholds of 5.19 ng/ml and 3.26 ng/mL, the negative predictive value of concordance reached 45% and 50%. The performance of CYFRA21-1 in predicting concordance was similar but inferior to CEA (AUC: 0.727 vs. 0.741, p = 0.633). The performance of CEA combined with CYFRA21-1 in predicting the concordance was similar to that of the combination of independent factors derived from the LASSO regression model (AUC: 0.796 vs. 0.818, p = 0.067). CEA (r = 0.47, p < 0.01) and CYFRA21-1 levels (r = 0.45, p < 0.05) were significantly correlated with the maximum variant allele frequency, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: CEA combined with CYFRA21-1 could effectively predict the concordance between plasma and tissue biopsies, which could be used for evaluating the priority of plasma and tissue biopsies for gene testing to timely guide clinical applications in advanced lung adenocarcinoma patients.

15.
Foods ; 11(21)2022 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36359950

RESUMO

L-malic acid is a vital intermediate in the citric acid cycle and has been reported to improve the antioxidant capacity and aerobic oxidation of weaned piglets; however, its application in finishing pigs is limited at present. This study explored the effects of dietary L-malic acid supplementation on the carcass traits and meat quality of finishing pigs. In a 45-day experiment, 192 Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire pigs (75.01 ± 0.51 kg) were divided into four treatments, i.e., a basal diet supplemented with 0, 0.5%, 1%, and 2% L-malic acid complex. The results showed that L-malic acid supplementation had no effects on the growth performance of finishing pigs. Importantly, L-malic acid significantly increased redness (a*) value at 24-h postmortem (quadratic, p < 0.05) and tended to increase the proportion of oxymyoglobin (OMb) (quadratic, p = 0.10), as well as the total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) activity (quadratic, p = 0.08) in the longissimus dorsi (LD) muscle. Further, dietary supplementation of 1% L-malic acid markedly increased the protein expression level of slow skeletal myosin heavy chain (MyHC) in the LD muscle (p < 0.05). Moreover, 0.5% and 2% L-malic acid supplementation significantly increased carcass length and loin eye area (p < 0.05). In conclusion, dietary L-malic acid could effectively improve the meat color and carcass traits of finishing pigs.

16.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(21)2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36365529

RESUMO

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are used in a wide range of applications, and the size control and stability of the nanoparticles are crucial aspects in their applications. In the present study, cyclized poly(ethylene glycol) (c-PEG) with various molecular weights, along with linear PEG with hydroxy chain ends (HO-PEG-OH) and methoxy chain ends (MeO-PEG-OMe) were applied for the Tollens' synthesis of AgNPs. The particle size was significantly affected by the topology and end groups of PEG. For example, the size determined by TEM was 40 ± 7 nm for HO-PEG5k-OH, 21 ± 4 nm for c-PEG5k, and 48 ± 9 nm for MeO-PEG5k-OMe when the molar ratio of PEG to AgNO3 (ω) was 44. The stability of AgNPs was also drastically improved by cyclization; the relative UV-Vis absorption intensity (A/A0 × 100%) at λmax to determine the proportion of persisting AgNPs in an aqueous NaCl solution (37.5 mM) was 58% for HO-PEG5k-OH, 80% for c-PEG5k, and 40% for MeO-PEG5k-OMe, despite the fact that AgNPs with c-PEG5k were much smaller than those with HO-PEG5k-OH and MeO-PEG5k-OMe.

17.
Mol Biotechnol ; 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36367664

RESUMO

Despite major advances in combating pathogenic bacteria caused infection, infectious diseases remain a major cause of death today. A variety of bacteria detection approaches have been established by exploiting the aptamer to specifically identify target. However, these methods require specific equipment or laboratory based instruments, which is expensive and not easily available to the public. To deal with this issue, we develop here a portable and sensitive pathogenic bacteria detection approach through integrating capture probe based recognition and Exo-III assisted signal amplification. In this method, a designed capture probe identifies the surface protein of target bacteria, leading to the release of blocker sequence. The released blocker sequence mediates Exo-III enzyme based signal amplification, generating a large amount of signal strand DNA (ssDNA) sequences. The obtained ssDNA works as a linker to conjugate streptavidin magnetic beads (SMBs) with DNA invertase. After magnet based enrichment and washing away of free DNA invertase, the SMBs-DNA invertase complex is used to catalyze the hydrolysis of sucrose into glucose for PGM readout. Based on this, the approach exhibits a 6 order of magnitudes in detecting Staphylococcus Aureus (S. aureus) with the limit of detection as low as 78 cfu/mL. In addition, the capability to specifically detect target bacteria and high repeatability (relative standard deviation, 4.44%) endows the method wider applicable scenes. In all, the established shows a promising prospect in the detection of bacteria pathogen and the early-diagnosis of bacterial infections.

18.
J Cell Mol Med ; 26(23): 5820-5831, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36317420

RESUMO

Glioma is a highly invasive primary brain tumour, making it challenging to accurately predict prognosis for glioma patients. Cuproptosis is a recently discovered cell death attracting significant attention in the tumour field. Whether cuproptosis-related genes have prognostic predictive value has not been clarified. In this study, uni-/multi-variate Cox and Lasso regression analyses were applied to construct a risk model based on cuproptosis-related lncRNAs using TCGA and CGGA cohorts. A nomogram was constructed to quantify individual risk, including clinical and genic characteristics and risk. GO and KEGG analyses were used to define functional enrichment of DEGs. Tumour mutation burden (TMB) and immune checkpoint analyses were performed to evaluate potential responses to ICI therapy. Ten prognostic lncRNAs were obtained from Cox regression. Based on the median risk score, patients were divided into high- and low-risk groups. Either for grade 2-3 or for grade 4, glioma patients with high-risk exhibited significant poorer prognoses. The risk was an independent risk factor associated with overall survival. The high-risk group was functionally associated with immune responses and cancer-related pathways. The high-risk group was associated with higher TMB scores. The expression levels of many immune checkpoints in the high-risk group were significantly higher than those in the low-risk group. Differentiated immune pathways were primarily enriched in the IFN response, immune checkpoint and T-cell co-stimulation pathways. In conclusion, we established a risk model based on cuproptosis-related lncRNAs showing excellent prognostic prediction ability but also indicating the immuno-microenvironment status of glioma.


Assuntos
Glioma , RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Imunoterapia , Fatores Imunológicos , Glioma/genética , Glioma/terapia , Nomogramas
19.
Cogn Neurodyn ; 16(5): 1029-1043, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36237410

RESUMO

We comprehensively studied directional feedback and feedforward connectivity to explore potential connectivity changes that underlie propofol-induced deep sedation. We further investigated the corticocortical connectivity patterns within and between hemispheres. Sixty-channel electroencephalographic data were collected from 19 healthy volunteers in a resting wakefulness state and propofol-induced deep unconsciousness state defined by a bispectral index value of 40. A source analysis was employed to locate cortical activity. The Desikan-Killiany atlas was used to partition cortices, and directional functional connectivity was assessed by normalized symbolic transfer entropy between higher-order (prefrontal and frontal) and lower-order (auditory, sensorimotor and visual) cortices and between hot-spot frontal and parietal cortices. We found that propofol significantly suppressed feedforward connectivity from the left parietal to right frontal cortex and bidirectional connectivity between the left frontal and left parietal cortex, between the frontal and auditory cortex, and between the frontal and sensorimotor cortex. However, there were no significant changes in either feedforward or feedback connectivity between the prefrontal and all the lower-order cortices and between the frontal and visual cortices or in feedback connectivity from the frontal to parietal cortex. Propofol anesthetic selectively decreased the unidirectional interaction between higher-order frontoparietal cortices and bidirectional interactions between the higher-order frontal cortex and lower-order auditory and sensorimotor cortices, which indicated that both feedback and feedforward connectivity were suppressed under propofol-induced deep sedation. Our findings provide critical insights into the connectivity changes underlying the top-down mechanism of propofol anesthesia at deep sedation. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s11571-021-09775-x.

20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(43): 49352-49361, 2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36260496

RESUMO

Superhydrophobic surfaces have been widely studied due to their potential applications in aerospace fields. However, superhydrophobic surfaces with excellent water-repellent, anti-icing, and icephobic performances at low temperatures have rarely been reported. Herein, superhydrophobic surfaces with heating capability were prepared by etching square micropillar arrays on the surface of multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT)/poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) films. The fabricated superhydrophobic surface has triple icephobicity, which can be activated even at low temperatures. The triple icephobicity is triggered by an applied voltage to achieve excellent water-repellent and icephobic capabilities, even at -40 °C. Additionally, theoretical calculations reveal that a droplet on a superhydrophobic surface loses heat at a rate of 8.91 × 10-5 J/s, which is 2 orders of magnitude slower than a flat surface (2.15 × 10-3 J/s). Also, at -40 °C, the mechanical interlocking force formed between the superhydrophobic surface and ice can be released by the heating property of the superhydrophobic surface. This low-energy, multifunctional superhydrophobic surface opens up new possibilities for bionic smart multifunctional materials in icephobic applications.

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