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1.
J Food Biochem ; : e14372, 2022 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35929524

RESUMO

Lactobacillus rhamnosus B10 (L. rhamnosus B10) isolated from the baby feces was given to an alcohol mice model, aiming to investigate the effects of L. rhamnosus B10 on alcoholic liver injury by regulating intestinal microbiota. C57BL/6N mice were fed with liquid diet Lieber-DeCarli with or without 5% (v/v) ethanol for 8 weeks, and treated with L. rhamnosus B10 at the last 2 weeks. The results showed that L. rhamnosus B10 decreased the serum total cholesterol (1.48 mmol/L), triglycerides (0.97 mmol/L), alanine aminotransferase (26.4 U/L), aspartate aminotransferase (14.2 U/L), lipopolysaccharide (0.23 EU/mL), and tumor necrosis factor-α (138 pg/mL). In addition, L. rhamnosus B10 also reduced the liver triglycerides (1.02 mmol/g prot), alanine aminotransferase (17.8 mmol/g prot) and aspartate aminotransferase (12.5 mmol/g prot) in alcohol mice, thereby ameliorating alcohol-induced liver injury. The changes of intestinal microbiota composition on class, family and genus level in cecum were analyzed. The intestinal symbiotic abundance of Firmicutes was elevated while gram-negative bacteria Proteobacteria and Deferribacteres was decreased in alcohol mice treated with L. rhamnosus B10 for 2 weeks. In summary, this study provided evidence for the therapeutic effects of probiotics on alcoholic liver injury by regulating intestinal flora.

2.
Prep Biochem Biotechnol ; : 1-10, 2022 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35838518

RESUMO

Astaxanthin is a natural carotenoid with strong antioxidant activity. In this paper, the effects of carbon source, corn steep liquor, distiller grains, and initial pH on the growth and astaxanthin production of Phaffia rhodozyma D3 were evaluated. The optimal medium composition was 32 g/L glucose, 12 g/L corn steep liquor as nitrogen source, and the initial pH was 6.7. Phaffia rhodozyma D3 was cultured in a shake flask under these optimized conditions, the biomass was 6.47 g/L, the astaxanthin/OD475 was 15.16, and the astaxanthin content was 1.41 mg/g. The astaxanthin content was further increased to 4.70 mg/g by the combination of TiO2 stimulation and the expanding cultivation of P. rhodozyma D3 in a 5 L fermenter, which was 2.81 times that of the control group. Expanding fermentation implies the possibility of large-scale production in the astaxanthin industry. Corn steep liquor was used as an alternative nitrogen source to culture P. rhodozyma D3, which could both reduce the production cost of astaxanthin and increased the by-products utilization rate.

3.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e24622, 2022 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35870194

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic inflammatory disease involving multiple tissues. Inter-Alpha-Trypsin Inhibitor (ITI) family proteins have a role in maintaining tissue homeostasis, but their possible clinical significance in the SLE patients has not been reported. The aim of this study was to analyze and verify the expression of ITI-related proteins in the urine of SLE patients, further explore the features of these proteins in disease activity. METHODS: Based on label-free proteomics technology and bioinformatics technology, we analyzed the expression of ITI family-related proteins in the urine of lupus. Subsequently, Western-blot and targeted proteomics were used to qualitatively and quantitatively verify the expression of these proteins, respectively. RESULTS: A total of seven ITI family-related proteins were screened and identified; and six of these proteins were differentially expressed in the urine of SLE patients. Further quantitative analysis showed that the expressions of ITIH2, ECM1, and ITIH5 in urine between active SLE group and stable SLE group were consistent with the preliminary screening results. The expression of ITIH2 and ECM1 in the renal damage group were also consistent with the screening results. Moreover, ITIH2 and ECM1 have a good correlation with disease activity and have a certain correlation with renal damage. CONCLUSIONS: In this exploratory study, we evaluated the expression of ITI family-related proteins in the urine of SLE and found that urine ITIH2 and ECM1 were closely related to SLE activity, especially kidney damage, providing an experimental basis for further exploration of the potential roles in monitoring lupus and lupus nephritis activity.

4.
Cells ; 11(15)2022 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35892585

RESUMO

Neutrophil elastase (NE) plays a pivotal role in inflammation. However, the mechanism underlying NE-mediated inflammation in obesity remains unclear. Here, we report that NE activates protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR2), stimulates actin filament (F-actin) formation, decreases intercellular junction molecule VE-cadherin expression, and increases the permeability of human arterial endothelial cells (hECs). NE also prompts degradation of VE-cadherin and its binding proteins p120- and ß-catenins via MG132-sensitive proteasomes. NE stimulates phosphorylation of myosin light-chain (MLC) and its regulator myosin phosphatase target subunit-1 (MYPT1), a target of Rho kinase (ROCK). Inhibitors of PAR2 and ROCK prohibit NE-induced F-actin formation, MLC phosphorylation, and VE-cadherin reduction in hECs, and impede monocyte transmigration through hEC monolayer pretreated with either neutrophils or NE. Further, administration of an NE inhibitor GW311616A significantly attenuates vascular leakage, leukocyte infiltration, and the expression of proinflammatory cytokines in the white adipose tissue from high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice. Likewise, NE-deficient mice are resistant to HFD-induced vascular leakage in the heart. Together, NE regulates actomyosin cytoskeleton activity and VE-cadherin expression by activating PAR2 signaling in the endothelial cells, leading to increased vascular permeability and leukocyte extravasation. Hence, inhibition of NE is a potential approach to mitigate vascular injury and leukocyte infiltration in obesity-related systemic inflammation.


Assuntos
Permeabilidade Capilar , Elastase de Leucócito , Actinas/metabolismo , Animais , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Elastase de Leucócito/metabolismo , Leucócitos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Obesos , Obesidade/metabolismo
5.
Cell Cycle ; : 1-11, 2022 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35848940

RESUMO

Failure of the normal process of cell death pathways contributes to the defection of immune systems and the occurrence of cancers. The key genes, the multimolecular mechanisms, and the immune functions of these genes in pan-cancers remain unclear. Using online databases of The Cancer Genome Atlas, GEPIA2, TISIDB, HPA, Kaplan-Meier Plotter, PrognoScan, cBioPortal, GSCALite, TIMER, and Sangerbox, we identified the key genes from the six primary cell death-related pathways and performed a comprehensive analysis to investigate the multimolecular characteristics and immunological functions of the hub genes in 33 human cancers. We identified five hub genes in the six primary cell death-related pathways (JUN, NFKB1, CASP3, PARP1, and TP53). We found that CASP3, PARP1, and TP53 were overexpressed in 28, 23, and 27 cancers. The expression of the five genes was associated with the development and prognosis of many cancers. Particularly, JUN, NFKB1, CASP3, and TP53 have prognostic values in Brain Lower Grade Glioma (LGG), while PARP1 and CASP3 could predict the survival outcomes in Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC). In addition, an extensive association between five genes' expression, DNA methylation, and tumor-immune system interactions was noticed. The five cell death-related hub genes could function as potential biomarkers for various cancers, particularly LGG and ACC. The immunological function analysis of the five genes also proposes new targets for developing immunosuppressants and improving the immunotherapy efficacy of cancers. However, further extensive clinical and experimental research are required to validate their clinical values.

6.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 897387, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35832808

RESUMO

Lactiplantibacillus plantarum KM1 was screened from natural fermented products, which had probiotic properties and antioxidant function. The survival rate of L. plantarum KM1 was 78.26% at 5 mM H2O2. In this study, the antioxidant mechanism of L. plantarum KM1 was deeply analyzed by using the proteomics method. The results demonstrated that a total of 112 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were screened, of which, 31 DEPs were upregulated and 81 were downregulated. The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis indicated that DEPs participated in various metabolic pathways such as pyruvate metabolism, carbon metabolism, trichloroacetic acid cycle, amino acid metabolism, and microbial metabolism in diverse environments. These metabolic pathways were related to oxidative stress caused by H2O2 in L. plantarum KM1. Therefore, the antioxidant mechanism of L. plantarum KM1 under H2O2 stress provided a theoretical basis for its use as a potential natural antioxidant.

7.
Beilstein J Nanotechnol ; 13: 560-569, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35860456

RESUMO

The stiffness of the extracellular matrix of tumour cells plays a key role in tumour cell metastasis. However, it is unclear how mechanical properties regulate the cellular response to the environmental matrix. In this study, atomic force microscopy (AFM) and laser confocal imaging were used to qualitatively evaluate the relationship between substrate stiffness and migration of prostate cancer (PCa) cells. Cells cultured on stiff substrates (35 kPa) undergone several interesting phenomena compared to those on soft substrates (3 kPa). Here, the stimulation generated by the stiff substrates triggered the F-actin skeleton to bundle its filaments, increasing the polarity index of the external contour of PCa cells. Analysis of AFM force-distance curves indicated that the elasticity of the cells cultured on 35 kPa substrates increased while the viscosity decreased. Wound-healing experiments showed that PCa cells cultured on 35 kPa substrates have higher migration potential. These phenomena suggested that the mechanical properties may be correlated with the migration of PCa cells. After actin depolymerisation, the elasticity of the PCa cells decreased while the viscosity increased, and the migration ability was correspondingly decreased. In conclusion, this study clearly demonstrated the relationship between substrate stiffness and the mechanical properties of cells in prostate tumour metastasis, providing a basis for understanding the changes in the biomechanical properties at a single-cell level.

8.
Food Nutr Res ; 662022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35903291

RESUMO

Background: Inflammatory liver diseases present a significant public health problem. Probiotics are a kind of living microorganisms, which can improve the balance of host intestinal flora, promote the proliferation of intestinal beneficial bacteria, inhibit the growth of harmful bacteria, improve immunity, reduce blood lipids and so on. Probiotics in fermented foods have attracted considerable attention lately as treatment options for liver injury. Objective: The aim of this study was selected probiotic strain with well probiotic properties from naturally fermented foods and investigated the underlying mechanisms of screened probiotic strain on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced liver injury, which provided the theoretical foundation for the development of probiotics functional food. Design: The probiotic characteristics of Lactobacillus plantarum Lp2 isolated from Chinese traditional fermented food were evaluated. Male KM mice were randomly assigned into three groups: normal chow (Control), LPS and LPS with L. plantarum Lp2. L. plantarum Lp2 were orally administered for 4 weeks before exposure to LPS. The liver injury of LPS-induced mice was observed through the evaluation of biochemical indexes, protein expression level and liver histopathology. Results and discussions: After treatment for 4 weeks, L. plantarum Lp2 administration significantly reduced the LPS-induced liver coefficient and the levels of serum or liver aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and LPS, as well as decreasing the histological alterations and protein compared with the LPS group. Western-blotting results showed that L. plantarum Lp2 activated the signal pathway of TLR4/MAPK/NFκB/NRF2-HO-1/CYP2E1/Caspase-3 and regulated the expression of related proteins. Conclusions: In summary, L. plantarum Lp2 suppressed the LPS-induced activation of inflammatory pathways, oxidative injury and apoptosis has the potential to be used to improve liver injury.

9.
ISME J ; 2022 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35908110

RESUMO

Root microbiota is important for plant growth and fitness. Little is known about whether and how the assembly of root microbiota may be controlled by epigenetic regulation, which is crucial for gene transcription and genome stability. Here we show that dysfunction of the histone demethylase IBM1 (INCREASE IN BONSAI METHYLATION 1) in Arabidopsis thaliana substantially reshaped the root microbiota, with the majority of the significant amplicon sequence variants (ASVs) being decreased. Transcriptome analyses of plants grown in soil and in sterile growth medium jointly disclosed salicylic acid (SA)-mediated autoimmunity and production of the defense metabolite camalexin in the ibm1 mutants. Analyses of genome-wide histone modifications and DNA methylation highlighted epigenetic modifications permissive for transcription at several important defense regulators. Consistently, ibm1 mutants showed increased resistance to the pathogen Pseudomonas syringae DC3000 with stronger immune responses. In addition, ibm1 showed substantially impaired plant growth promotion in response to beneficial bacteria; the impairment was partially mimicked by exogenous application of SA to wild-type plants, and by a null mutation of AGP19 that is important for cell expansion and that is repressed with DNA hypermethylation in ibm1. IBM1-dependent epigenetic regulation imposes strong and broad impacts on plant-microbe interactions and thereby shapes the assembly of root microbiota.

10.
EJNMMI Res ; 12(1): 45, 2022 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35904608

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) originates from abnormal follicular cells and accounts for approximately 90-95% of thyroid malignancies. The diagnosis of radioiodine refractory DTC (RR-DTC) is based on clinical evolution and iodine uptake characteristics rather than pathological characteristics. Thus, it takes a long time to become apparent, and the definition of RR-DTC covers multiple aspects. We aimed to analyze the clinical and molecular imaging characteristics of patients with RR-DTC and identify independent predictors to develop an RR-DTC scoring system and a simple nomogram for predicting the probability of RR-DTC. We reviewed the data of 404 patients with metastatic DTC who underwent both post-RAI WB therapy scintigraphy and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography. Data on the clinical features and molecular characteristics of RR-DTC and non-RR-DTC cases were obtained from medical records. We screened for predictors using univariate analyses, obtained independent predictors through multivariate analyses, and then established a scoring system and a simple nomogram for predicting RR-DTC according to the corresponding odds ratio (OR) values. RESULTS: Diagnosis at age ≥ 48 years (OR, 1.037; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.007-1.069), recurrence between the operation and iodine-131 treatment (OR, 7.362; 95% CI 2.388-22.698), uptake of 18F-FDG (OR, 39.534; 95% CI 18.590-84.076), and the metastasis site (OR, 4.365; 95% CI 1.593-11.965) were highly independently associated with RR-DTC. We established a scoring system for predicting RR-DTC, showing that the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) with a cutoff value of 10 points (AUC = 0.898) had a higher discernibility than any other single independent predictor. The risk factors of RR-DTC in nomogram modeling include diagnosis at age ≥ 48 years, recurrence between the operation and iodine-131 treatment, uptake of 18F-FDG, and the site of metastasis. The concordance index (c-Index) of the nomogram was 0.9. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that a predictive model based on four factors has a good ability to predict RR-DTC. An index score ≥ 10 points was found to be the optimal index point for predicting RR-DTC. Moreover, this nomogram model has good predictive ability and stability. This model may help establish an active surveillance or appropriate treatment strategy for RR-DTC cases.

11.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 2022 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35880514

RESUMO

AIM: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with severe coronary artery disease (CAD) is associated with increased mortality. This study aimed to assess the characteristics and risk factors of severe CAD in SLE. METHOD: This multicenter, cross-sectional study enrolled consecutive patients with SLE included in the Chinese Rheumatism Date Center registry. Patients with severe CAD including angiography-confirmed stenosis ≥50% in the left main, ≥70% in other major coronary arteries, or myocardial infarction were classified into the CAD group. Patients without CAD were classified into the control group. Subgroups were stratified according to age (set as above and below 45 and 50 for men and women, respectively) and gender. Binary logistic regression analysis was performed to determine independent risk factors of severe CAD in SLE. RESULTS: Forty-three patients had severe CAD from a total of 3744 patients with SLE, 30 of whom were female; 35 belonged to the older age group and 8 belonged to the younger age group. In older patients, independent risk factors included age, 5 major CAD risk factors, SLE Disease Activity Index 2000 (SLEDAI-2K), hyperuricemia, and corticosteroid exposure. In younger patients, the risk factors were 5 major CAD risk factors and positive antiphospholipid antibody (APL). Male risk factors were age and 5 major CAD risk factors, whereas female risk factors were age, 5 major CAD risk factors, SLEDAI-2K, and positive APL. Three-vessel disease was most prevalent in patients with severe CAD. CONCLUSION: We recommend screening for severe CAD in patients with SLE with age- and gender-stratified risk factors.

12.
J Phys Chem A ; 126(28): 4647-4656, 2022 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35791735

RESUMO

The discovery of new, efficient, and stable inorganic phosphors excited by near-ultraviolet (n-UV) light is of great significance for the realization of high-performance healthy lighting and special lighting. The traditional methods to find new phosphors are usually time-consuming, laborious, and inefficient. Here, a simple and efficient method to find new phosphors using fluorescence microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), cathodoluminescence (CL), and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) is proposed. At the same time, a phosphor Ca5BaP4O16 (CBPO): Eu2+ found by this method is reported. Under 365 nm excitation, the optimal phosphor shows an ultrabroad yellow emission band with a peak at 573 nm and a full width at half-maximum of 164 nm. Compared with most phosphate phosphors, CBPO: Eu2+ shows good thermal stability. The emission intensity at 150 °C can maintain 61.4% of the initial value at room temperature. Importantly, the quantum efficiency of the optimal CBPO: Eu2+ sample is 66.2%. In addition, a WLED lamp was obtained by combining CBPO: Eu2+ and BAM: Eu2+ phosphors with a 365 nm n-UV chip, which generated high-performance white light with a correlated color temperature of 7115 K and a color rendering index of 89.4. It is certain that the new method is very effective and useful for the discovery of new phosphors.

13.
Scott Med J ; 67(3): 109-120, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35686317

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This updated meta-analysis aimed to further quantify the risk of endometrial, ovarian, and breast cancer in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), thus providing updated and more reliable estimates. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified relevant articles by searching electronic databases of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Chinese Biological Medical Literature (CBM) published up to March 20, 2021. The pooled effect estimates and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using the random-effect model or the fixed-effect model. A total of 26 eligible studies were included. We found that PCOS was significantly associated with endometrial cancer (odds ratios [OR]: 3.66, 95%CI: 2.05-6.54, P < 0.001), but not with ovarian or breast cancer (OR: 1.23, 95%CI: 0.99-1.53, P = 0.059; OR: 0.94, 95%CI: 0.78-1.14, P = 0.551, respectively). However, in subgroups of high-quality studies, cohort studies, younger women (54 years or less or premenopausal), and studies with unadjusted body mass index (BMI), PCOS patients had a significantly higher risk of ovarian cancer. CONCLUSION: These results indicated that PCOS is a significant risk factor for endometrial cancer independent of BMI, but not for breast cancer. PCOS may increase the risk of ovarian cancer in younger women.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias do Endométrio , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Neoplasias da Mama/etiologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/complicações , Neoplasias do Endométrio/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/etiologia , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/complicações , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
14.
Inorg Chem ; 61(24): 9063-9072, 2022 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35671331

RESUMO

Copper-deficient Cu2-xS nanoparticles (NPs) are extensively exploited as a superior cation exchange (CE) template to yield sophisticated nanostructures. Recently, it has been discovered that their CE reactions can be facilely manipulated by copper vacancy density, morphology, and NP size. However, the structural similarity of usually utilized Cu2-xS somewhat limits the manipulation of the CE reactions through the factor of crystal structure because it can strongly influence the process of the reaction. Herein, we report a methodology of crystal structure transformation to manipulate the CE reactions. Particularly, roxbyite Cu1.8S nanodisks (NDs) were converted into solid wurtzite CdS NDs and Janus-type Cu1.94S/CdS NDs by a "full"/partial CE reaction with Cd2+. Afterward, the roxbyite Cu1.8S were pseudomorphically transformed into covellite CuS NDs. Unlike Cu1.8S, the CuS was scarcely exchanged because of the unique disulfide (S-S) bonds and converted into hollow wurtzite CdS under a more reactive condition. The S-S bonds were gradually split and CuS@CdS core@shell-type NDs were generated. Therefore, our findings in the present study provide not only a versatile technique to manipulate CE reactions in Cu2-xS NPs but also a better comprehension of their reaction dynamics and pathways.

15.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 61(33): e202207454, 2022 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35726532

RESUMO

Ultra-broadband near-infrared (NIR) luminescent materials are the most important component of NIR light-emitting devices (LED) and are crucial for their performance in sensing applications. A major challenge is to design novel NIR luminescent materials to replace the traditional Cr3+ -doped systems. We report an all-inorganic bismuth halide perovskite Cs2 AgBiCl6 single crystal that achieves efficient broadband NIR emission by introducing Na ions. Experiments and density functional theory (DFT) calculations show that the NIR emission originates from self-trapped excitons (STE) emission, which can be enhanced by weakening the strong coupling between electrons and phonons. The high photoluminescence quantum efficiency (PLQY) of 51 %, the extensive full width at half maximum (FWHM) of 270 nm and the stability provide advantages as a NIR luminescent material. The single-crystal-based NIR LED demonstrated its potential applications in NIR spectral detection as well as night vision.

16.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0166322, 2022 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35708341

RESUMO

Traditional indigo dyeing through anaerobic fermentation has recently gained worldwide attention in efforts to address concerns regarding the sustainability of industrial indigo dyeing and the impact of toxic reducing agents such as sodium dithionite (Na2S2O4) on human health and the ecological environment. Intriguingly, changes in the microbiota during indigo fermentation are known to potently affect the onset of indigo reduction, and thus elucidation of the microbial community transitions could help develop methods to control the initiation of indigo reduction. Here, we investigated the microbiota associated with the traditional indigo dyeing practiced in Hunan, China. Specifically, we identified the bacterial and fungal components of the microbiota at distinct stages in the indigo fermentation process by analyzing 16S rRNA gene and internal transcribed spacer sequences. Our analyses revealed two substantial changes in the microbiota during the traditional indigo fermentation process. The first change, which was probably caused by the introduction of Chinese liquor (featuring a high alcohol concentration), resulted in decreased bacterial diversity and increased proportions of Pseudomonas, Stenotrophomonas, and Bacillaceae family members. The second change, which could be attributed to the addition of specific plant species, led to an increase in the abundance of Alkalibacterium, Amphibacillus, the obligate anaerobe Turicibacter, the facultative anaerobe Enterococcus, and ZOR0006, as well as to a decrease in the pH and redox potential values. Our results indicate that the specific plant mixture included in the procedure here could be used as an effective additive to accelerate the initiation of indigo reduction during the fermentation process. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report revealing the fungal diversity during the indigo fermentation process and, furthermore, showing that the fungal diversity has remained in transition despite the relatively stable bacterial diversity in the proper indigo fermentation process. Although traditional indigo fermentation in China is challenging to manage, we can benefit from local knowledge of the fermentation process, and understanding the scientific bases of traditional indigo fermentation will facilitate the development of environmentally friendly procedures. IMPORTANCE Chemical reducing agents included in modern indigo dyeing to initiate indigo reduction can be harmful to both human health and the environment. Given that traditional indigo dyeing involves natural fermentation in a dye vat using natural organic additives without the use of toxic chemicals and that changes in the microbiota during traditional indigo fermentation potently affect the onset of indigo reduction, elucidation of these microbial community transitions could help develop methods to control the initiation of indigo reduction. This study on the microbiota associated with the traditional indigo dyeing practiced in Hunan, China, has identified the bacterial and fungal communities at distinct stages of the indigo fermentation process. Notably, the addition of specific plant species might yield the desired microbial communities and appropriate fermentation conditions, which could be used as an effective additive to accelerate the initiation of indigo reduction. This study has also revealed the fungal diversity during the indigo fermentation process for the first time and shown that the fungal diversity has remained in transition despite the relatively stable bacterial diversity. Thus, this work provides new insights into the traditional indigo fermentation process used in China and substantially enhances current efforts devoted to designing environmentally friendly methods for industrial indigo dyeing.

17.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(9)2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35591045

RESUMO

This paper studies the fuel supply offset of diesel engines based on the crankshaft segment signal. Engine nonuniformity refers to the crankshaft torque fluctuation caused by cylinder-to-cylinder differences caused by misfiring or differences in the fuel supply or air supply. Fuel injection offset can reduce the nonuniformity between cylinders to realize high-efficiency and low pollution combustion. Based on crankshaft segment signal characteristics, an individual cylinder fuel offset control (FOC) strategy was built. The high-pressure common-rail diesel engine operating nonuniform control strategy was put forward. Based on crankshaft segment signal characteristics at different operating conditions, the reasonable operating condition of detecting the engine individual cylinder nonuniform degree was put forward. The open-loop and closed-loop control mode based on the condition was set up. The proportional-integral (PI) control algorithm is proposed to quantify engine individual cylinder nonuniform degree, and the fuel amount offset value was obtained. According to the principle of FOC, based on the automotive electronics development ASCET software platform, the FOC strategy module of the electronic control unit (ECU) was designed, and the simulation experiment was carried out. Research shows that for Z cylinder engine, just the first Z/2 harmonic components below fire frequency can fully reflect the state of the engine's nonuniform operation. The control target to individual cylinder FOC is zero for the synthetic waveform amplitude of the first Z/2 harmonic components. Compared with the traditional quantization method, the fuel offset information extracted from the crankshaft segment signal has stronger anti-interference and more accurate parameters. FOC algorithm can accurately reflect the engine's operating nonuniformity. The control of the nonuniformity is reasonable. The offset fuel amount calculated by FOC is very consistent with the fuel supply state of each cylinder set by the experiment, which meets the requirement of accurate fuel injection control of the diesel engine.

18.
Inorg Chem ; 61(23): 8782-8787, 2022 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35616524

RESUMO

A bright blue light excitable and narrow-band green-emitting phosphor Cs3MnBr5 has been synthesized by a facile microwave radiation method within 2 min. The influence of the matrix on its steady-state and transient-state luminescence properties is investigated by partial substitution of Br- ions by Cl- ions. The incorporation of Cl- ions in Cs3Mn(Br1-xClx)5 resulted in almost no change in the emission maxima of Mn2+, which is attributed to the synergistic effect of reduced covalency and increased crystal field strength caused by the replacement of Br- ions by Cl- ions. Meanwhile, the emission of Mn2+ decreases with the increasing Cl- content, which is caused by different thermal quenching of Mn2+ emission in the mixed Cl-/Br- coordination. Moreover, the incorporation of Cl- in Cs3Mn(Br1-xClx)5 was found to have different effects on the lifetime of Mn2+ at different temperatures, that is, at room temperature, the lifetime of Mn2+ decreases with the increasing Cl- content, while at liquid nitrogen temperature, the lifetime of Mn2+ increases upon increasing the Cl- content. The former is due to the different thermal quenching for different coordinations of Mn2+ with Cl- and Br-, while the latter is due to the weaker spin-orbit coupling of the Mn2+ ion caused by the interaction with the lighter Cl- ions, which makes the spin selection rule stricter and leads to a longer lifetime of Mn2+ consequently.

19.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 873451, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35620677

RESUMO

Fusarium wilt of banana (Musa spp.), a typical vascular wilt disease caused by the soil-borne fungus, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense race 4 (Foc4), seriously threatens banana production worldwide. Pathogens, including vascular wilt fungi, secrete small cysteine-rich proteins during colonization. Some of these proteins are required for pathogenicity. In this study, 106 small secretory proteins that contain a classic N-terminal signal peptide were identified using bioinformatic methods in Foc4. Among them, 11 proteins were selected to show transient expressions in tobacco. Interestingly, transient expression of FoSsp1 in tobacco, an uncharacterized protein (of 145 aa), induced necrotic cell death reactive oxygen burst, and callous deposition. Furthermore, the expression of FoSSP1 in Foc4 wild type (WT) was up-regulated during the stage of banana roots colonization. A split-marker approach was used to knock out FoSSP1 in the Foc4 WT strain. Compared with the WT, the deletion mutant Fossp1 was normal in growth rate but increased in conidiation and virulence. RT-qPCR analysis showed that the expression of four conidiation regulator genes in the Fossp1 deletion mutant was significantly decreased compared to the WT strain. In addition, the expression of four pathogenesis-related genes of bananas infected with Fossp1 deletion mutant was down-regulated in comparison with that of the WT. In summary, these results suggested that FoSSP1 is a putative elicitor that negatively regulates conidiation and pathogenicity in Foc4.

20.
Phytomedicine ; 101: 154117, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35489326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver fibrosis is a major disease that threatens people's health around the world. However, there is a lack of effective treatment to completely reverse liver fibrosis. Liver transplantation is currently the only curative option for patients with advanced cirrhosis. Ferroptosis is a newly discovered type of cell death and plays an important role in the process of liver fibrosis, but the specific mechanism needs to be clarified. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: To explore the regulatory mechanism of isoliquiritigenin (ISL) in the process of liver fibrosis and the relationship between Cav-1 and ferroptosis. METHODS: In this research, zebrafish, HSC-T6 cells, and mice were used as the research object. Different ROS probes to visually detect the content and distribution of ROS in live zebrafish and cells. Lentivirus and siRNA-mediated transfection techniques were used for the construction of Cav-1 overexpression and knockdown cell lines to verify the important role of Cav-1 in vitro. RESULTS: Generally, we first elucidated that ISL relieved liver fibrosis by inducing hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) ferroptosis through repressing GPX4 expression and increasing the expression of TFR and DMT1, thus producing a large number of ROS, we also found that Cav-1 exerted its anti-hepatic fibrosis effect by promoting HSCs ferroptosis. CONCLUSION: Our results have shown that Cav-1-mediated HSCs ferroptosis is necessary for ISL to play an anti-fibrotic effect in vitro and in vivo.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Células Estreladas do Fígado , Animais , Caveolina 1/metabolismo , Chalconas , Células Estreladas do Fígado/metabolismo , Humanos , Fígado/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Camundongos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
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