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1.
Interdiscip Sci ; 2022 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35028910

RESUMO

Cell type determination based on transcriptome profiles is a key application of single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq). It is usually achieved through unsupervised clustering. Good feature selection is capable of improving the clustering accuracy and is a crucial component of single-cell clustering pipelines. However, most current single-cell feature selection methods are univariable filter methods ignoring gene dependency. Even the multivariable filter methods developed in recent years only consider "one-to-many" relationship between genes. In this paper, a novel single-cell feature selection method based on convex analysis of mixtures (FSCAM) is proposed, which takes into account "many-to-many" relationship. Compared to the previous "one-to-many" methods, FSCAM selects genes with a combination of relevancy, redundancy and completeness. Pertinent benchmarking is conducted on the real datasets to validate the superiority of FSCAM. Through plugging into the framework of partition around medoids (PAM) clustering, a single-cell clustering algorithm based on FSCAM method (SCC_FSCAM) is further developed. Comparing SCC_FSCAM with existing advanced clustering algorithms, the results show that our algorithm has advantages in both internal criteria (clustering number) and external criteria (adjusted Rand index) and has a good stability.

2.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 131, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35013308

RESUMO

Folliculogenesis is a complex biological process involving a central oocyte and its surrounding somatic cells. Three-dimensional chromatin architecture is an important transcription regulator; however, little is known about its dynamics and role in transcriptional regulation of granulosa cells during chicken folliculogenesis. We investigate the transcriptomic dynamics of chicken granulosa cells over ten follicular stages and assess the chromatin architecture dynamics and how it influences gene expression in granulosa cells at three key stages: the prehierarchical small white follicles, the first largest preovulatory follicles, and the postovulatory follicles. Our results demonstrate the consistency between the global reprogramming of chromatin architecture and the transcriptomic divergence during folliculogenesis, providing ample evidence for compartmentalization rearrangement, variable organization of topologically associating domains, and rewiring of the long-range interaction between promoter and enhancers. These results provide key insights into avian reproductive biology and provide a foundational dataset for the future in-depth functional characterization of granulosa cells.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; 804: 150194, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798737

RESUMO

Biochar has been utilized as a renewable biomass resource to develop sustainable and eco-friendly pavements. This study focuses on the influence of biochar as an asphalt modifier on the improvement of high-temperature performance of asphalt. A series of tests were performed to comprehensively evaluate the high-temperature performance of the biochar modified binder. The interaction mechanism between the biochar and the binder was explored using scanning electron microscopy and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The results indicated that the complex modulus and penetration of the biochar-modified asphalt binder could be increased by up to 35% and 36.5%, respectively, compared with those in case of the matrix asphalt, thereby improving the deformation resistance. In addition, the observed increase in the complex modulus, rutting factor, and viscosity-temperature index contributed to the improvement of temperature sensitivity and anti-rutting properties. These relationships are attributed to the fact that biochar has a fibrous porous structure and forms a skeleton and stiffening zone in the binder. Although biochar has a negative effect on the low-temperature properties of the binder, this can be alleviated by controlling the biochar content. Moreover, the FTIR results showed that no new chemical functional groups appeared after the incorporation of biochar into the binder. The internal chemical environment of the biochar-modified asphalt binder was different from that of the matrix asphalt. In conclusion, biochar is feasible as a modifier for binders owing to its high-temperature properties.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal , Hidrocarbonetos , Temperatura
4.
Sci Total Environ ; 803: 149874, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492491

RESUMO

The treatment of sewage sludge (SS) is an environmental problem worldwide. In recent years, hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) of SS for hydrochar (HC) has attracted extensive attention. This study preliminarily explored the microwave-assisted HTC of SS for the first time. Increasing the reaction temperature (150-250 °C) and reaction time (0-120 min) resulted in a decrease in the HC yield, and it gradually increased with the rising solid-liquid ratio (0.03-0.25 g/mL). Compared with raw SS, the HC products possessed higher aromaticity, carbonization degree, porosity, and polarity, and lower content of soluble nutrients (N/P/K) and leachable heavy metals (Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, Cr, and Ni), indicating a lower risk of nutrient and heavy metal loss. Attention should be paid to the total contents of Zn and Cd in HC exceeded the permitted value for use in cultivated land with edible crops. The use of CaO as a catalyst improved the yield of HC, made the HC and process water (PW) weakly alkaline, and further passivated the heavy metals in the HC. In the case of H3PO4, although the conversion of SS was enhanced (lower content of volatile organic matter in HC), the contents of soluble nutrients (N/P/K) in HC/PW increased, and the migration of Zn and Cd into process water was enhanced. The HCs obtained in this study had poor combustion properties, but higher ignition temperatures than raw SS. PW must be properly treated or recycled because it still contained high contents of organic matter and nutrients. This fundamental study provides basic insights into the microwave-assisted HTC of SS.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Esgotos , Carbono , Micro-Ondas , Temperatura , Água
5.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 267(Pt 1): 120537, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740002

RESUMO

The geographical origin and processing month of green tea greatly affect its economic value and consumer acceptance. This study investigated the feasibility of combining near-infrared hyperspectral imaging (NIR-HSI) with chemometrics for the identification of green tea. Tea samples produced in three regions of Chongqing (southeastern Chongqing, northeastern Chongqing, and western Chongqing) for four months (from May to August 2020) were collected. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to reduce data dimensionality and visualize the clustering of samples in different categories. Linear partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) and nonlinear support vector machine (SVM) algorithms were used to develop discriminant models. The PCA-SVM models based on the first four and first five principal components (PCs) achieved the best accuracies of 97.5% and 95% in the prediction set for geographical origin and processing month of green tea, respectively. This study demonstrated the feasibility of HSI in the identification of green tea species, providing a rapid and nondestructive method for the evaluation and control of green tea quality.


Assuntos
Chá , Imageamento Hiperespectral , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Análise de Componente Principal , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte
6.
Chem Res Toxicol ; 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34874164

RESUMO

As the main active ingredient for the treatment of fungal infections, climbazole (CBZ) is commonly used in a variety of personal care products. After its use, CBZ enters the receiving environment directly or indirectly through domestic sewage. Its concentration can be up to several nanograms per liter in surface water. So far, the effects of CBZ on the reproductive system of female zebrafish have been systematically studied, but the potential toxicity mechanism of CBZ on male zebrafish still needs to be further explored. In this study, adult male zebrafish were exposed to CBZ at concentrations of 0.1, 10, and 1000 µg·L-1 for 28 days, and their testes were collected for histological, mass-spectrometry-based metabolomics, and biochemical analyses. We found that CBZ caused a significantly abnormal metabolism of purine and glutathione and triggered oxidative stress in zebrafish testes, thereby inducing testicular cell apoptosis. In addition, CBZ could inhibit the synthesis of essential sex hormones in the testis and thus reduce the sperm production. The conclusions of this study fill the data gap on the reproductive toxicity of CBZ to male zebrafish and highlight the ecotoxicological application of untargeted metabolomics in the biomarker discovery.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34886579

RESUMO

The COVID-19 epidemic has caused giant influences on people's life, and China's communities play an important role in dealing with these major public health events (MPHEs). Community as the grassroots autonomous organization has various significant functions in intervening in MPHEs. The community intervention follows a system which directly influences the anti-epidemic effectiveness. To explore the mechanism, we devise a theoretical system for community intervention, mainly consisting of "organizational structure", "functional performance" and "internal and external connections". Questionnaire surveys, the chi-square test, the independent sample T-test, and principal component analysis are used to identify the characteristics of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region's (Inner Mongolia) community intervention. Through the empirical research, it is verified that the community intervention in MPHEs is the combination of "the structural response of the organization", "the performance of the community's own function", and "the establishment of internal and external connections". The central Inner Mongolia delivers the best performance in community intervention compared to eastern Inner Mongolia and western Inner Mongolia. The urban communities commonly perform better than that in the agricultural and pastoral areas. The built system and findings could provide a guidance for future community to improve its intervention capability.

9.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 780940, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34955849

RESUMO

Background: The worldwide outbreak of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) has become an urgent public health problem. High mortality and lack of effective treatments further pose new challenges to control this infection. However, studies about the evaluation of available antibiotics for CRKP infection are limited. The present study aimed to compare the efficacy of polymyxin B versus ceftazidime-avibactam (CAZ/AVI) in Chinese patients with CRKP infections and to identify risk factors affecting 7-day bacterial eradication and 28-day all-cause mortality. Methods: From January 8, 2018, to July 6, 2020, a total of 115 adult CRKP infected patients from two tertiary teaching hospitals in Shanghai, China were enrolled based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. By reviewing electronic medical records of these patients, demographic and clinical data were extracted. The selected patients were divided into polymyxin B and CAZ/AVI groups according to primary antibiotic exposure to compare therapeutic effects. Binary logistic and cox's regression analysis were performed to identify risk factors for 7-day bacterial eradication and all-cause mortality. Results: One hundred and five patients were treated with polymyxin B (67.8%) or CAZ/AVI (32.2%). Patients in the CAZ/AVI group had significantly lower rates of 28-day mortality (8.1 vs 29.5%, p = 0.013), higher microbiological eradication and 28-day clinical success. Multivariate analysis showed that Charlson comorbidity index (≥3) and prior antibiotic use within 90 days were independent risk factors for poor microbiological eradication. Cox's regression analysis indicated that the length of hospitalization after CRKP infection and baseline creatinine clearance negatively affected 28-day mortality. Conclusion: CAZ/AVI was more effective than polymyxin B and appeared to be a promising drug for CRKP infection, especially for critically ill patients.

10.
Chemosphere ; 290: 133257, 2021 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34906525

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) pollution of paddy soils is one of the main concerns causing food security and environmental problems. Microbial bioremediation is an effective and eco-friendly measure that uses microbes to reduce Cd accumulation in crops. Additionally, rhizosphere bacterial communities also act essential roles in crop tolerance of heavy metals. However, the effects of inoculations with Cd resistant bacteria on crop rhizosphere bacterial communities under Cd exposure are largely unknown. In this study, we used high-throughput 16S rRNA gene sequencing technologies to explore the community structure and co-occurrence network of the rhizosphere bacterial communities associated with the rice crop under different Cd treatments and the application of Cd-tolerant strain Pseudomonas sp. TCd-1. We found that the strain TCd-1 both significantly reduced the rhizobacterial alpha diversity and changed the beta diversity. PERMANOVA and NMDS analysis showed that Cd stress and TCd-1 strain could act as strong environmental filters resulting in observable differentiation of rhizobacterial community composition among different groups. In addition, RDA results indicated that the rhizosphere pH, root Cd content, catalase (CAT), urease (URE), gibberellic acid (GA3) exert significant association with rhizosphere bacterial assembly. PICRUSt analysis revealed that the TCd-1 strain improved the metabolic capacity of rhizosphere bacteria under Cd stress. Furthermore, co-occurrence network topological features and keystone taxa also varied among different groups. This study could provide necessary insights into developing an efficient bioremediation and safe production of rice crops in Cd contaminated paddy fields with the application of Pseudomonas sp. TCd-1 strain, as well as advance our understanding of the principles of rhizosphere bacterial community assembly under Cd stress.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34904633

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Excessive production of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) by tumor was considered as the main pathogenesis in tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO). Despite its importance to comprehensive understanding of pathogenesis and diagnosis, the regulation of systemic metabolism in TIO remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to systematically characterize the metabolome alteration associated with TIO. METHODS: By means of liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS) based metabolomics, we analyzed the metabolic profile from 96 serum samples (32 initial diagnosis TIO patients, pairwise samples after tumor resection and 32 matched healthy control subjects). In order to screen and evaluate potential biomarkers, statistical analyses, pathway enrichment and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) were performed. RESULTS: Metabolomic profiling revealed distinct alterations between TIO and HC cohort. Differential metabolites were screened and conducted to functional clustering and annotation. Significantly enriched pathway was found involved in arachidonic acid metabolism. A combination of 5 oxylipins, 4-HDoHE, leukotriene B4, 5-HETE, 17-HETE and 9,10,13-TriHOME, demonstrated a high sensitivity and specificity panel for TIO prediction screened by random forest (RF) algorithm (AUC=0.951, 95% confidence interval, CI 0.827-1). Supported vector machine (SVM) model and partial least-squares (PLS) model were conducted to validate the predictive capabilities of the diagnostic panel. CONCLUSIONS: Metabolite profiling of TIO altered significant compared with HC. A high sensitivity and specificity panel with 5 oxylipins were tested as diagnostic predictor. For the first time, we provide the global profile of metabolomes and identify potential diagnostic biomarkers of TIO. The present work may offer novel insights into the pathogenesis of TIO.

12.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2104192, 2021 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34971128

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with impact on skin and hair loss are reported. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is detected in the skin of some patients; however, the detailed pathological features of skin tissues from patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 at a molecular level are limited. Especially, the ability of SARS-CoV-2 to infect skin cells and impact their function is not well understood. A proteome map of COVID-19 skin is established here and the susceptibility of human-induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC)-derived skin organoids with hair follicles and nervous system is investigated, to SARS-CoV-2 infection. It is shown that KRT17+ hair follicles can be infected by SARS-CoV-2 and are associated with the impaired development of hair follicles and epidermis. Different types of nervous system cells are also found to be infected, which can lead to neuron death. Findings from the present work provide evidence for the association between COVID-19 and hair loss. hiPSC-derived skin organoids are also presented as an experimental model which can be used to investigate the susceptibility of skin cells to SARS-CoV-2 infection and can help identify various pathological mechanisms and drug screening strategies.

13.
Biomater Sci ; 2021 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34897301

RESUMO

The identification of paracrine factors secreted by transplanted mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) during the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is essential for understanding the role of MSCs in therapy. Herein, we report a facile and efficient strategy for in vivo tracking the secretion of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) in MSCs during IPF therapy. In our strategy, a novel nanoflare tracer consisting of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), complementary sequences and dye-labeled recognition sequences is developed. Briefly, the AuNPs are functionalized with oligonucleotide complementary sequences hybridized to the organic dye-labeled recognition sequences, where the organic fluorophores are in close proximity to the AuNPs. In the absence of targets, the dye and AuNPs are separated from each other, inducing the quenching of the fluorescence signal. However, in the presence of targets, the recognition sequences gradually fall off from the AuNPs, causing the fluorescence signal to rise. In brief, in vivo monitoring of the dynamic expression of HGF mRNA in transplanted MSCs during IPF therapy in the current work may provide new insight into the paracrine process of the transplanted MSCs, thereby advancing the MSC-based IPF therapy toward clinical applications.

14.
Diabetologia ; 2021 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34951656

RESUMO

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Type 2 diabetes is a growing global public health challenge. Investigating quantitative traits, including fasting glucose, fasting insulin and HbA1c, that serve as early markers of type 2 diabetes progression may lead to a deeper understanding of the genetic aetiology of type 2 diabetes development. Previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified over 500 loci associated with type 2 diabetes, glycaemic traits and insulin-related traits. However, most of these findings were based only on populations of European ancestry. To address this research gap, we examined the genetic basis of fasting glucose, fasting insulin and HbA1c in participants of the diverse Population Architecture using Genomics and Epidemiology (PAGE) Study. METHODS: We conducted a GWAS of fasting glucose (n = 52,267), fasting insulin (n = 48,395) and HbA1c (n = 23,357) in participants without diabetes from the diverse PAGE Study (23% self-reported African American, 46% Hispanic/Latino, 40% European, 4% Asian, 3% Native Hawaiian, 0.8% Native American), performing transethnic and population-specific GWAS meta-analyses, followed by fine-mapping to identify and characterise novel loci and independent secondary signals in known loci. RESULTS: Four novel associations were identified (p < 5 × 10-9), including three loci associated with fasting insulin, and a novel, low-frequency African American-specific locus associated with fasting glucose. Additionally, seven secondary signals were identified, including novel independent secondary signals for fasting glucose at the known GCK locus and for fasting insulin at the known PPP1R3B locus in transethnic meta-analysis. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Our findings provide new insights into the genetic architecture of glycaemic traits and highlight the continued importance of conducting genetic studies in diverse populations. DATA AVAILABILITY: Full summary statistics from each of the population-specific and transethnic results are available at NHGRI-EBI GWAS catalog ( https://www.ebi.ac.uk/gwas/downloads/summary-statistics ).

15.
Semin Neurol ; 41(6): 673-685, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34826871

RESUMO

Facial palsy is a common neurologic concern and is the most common cranial neuropathy. The facial nerve contains motor, parasympathetic, and special sensory functions. The most common form of facial palsy is idiopathic (Bell's palsy). A classic presentation requires no further diagnostic measures, and generally improves with a course of corticosteroid and antiviral therapy. If the presentation is atypical, or concerning features are present, additional studies such as brain imaging and cerebrospinal fluid analysis may be indicated. Many conditions may present with facial weakness, either in isolation or with other neurologic signs (e.g., multiple cranial neuropathies). The most important ones to recognize include infections (Ramsay-Hunt syndrome associated with herpes zoster oticus, Lyme neuroborreliosis, and complications of otitis media and mastoiditis), inflammatory (demyelination, sarcoidosis, Miller-Fisher variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome), and neoplastic. No matter the cause, individuals may be at risk for corneal injury, and, if so, should have appropriate eye protection. Synkinesis may be a bothersome residual phenomenon in some individuals, but it has a variety of treatment options including neuromuscular re-education and rehabilitation, botulinum toxin chemodenervation, and surgical intervention.

16.
Semin Neurol ; 41(6): 781-794, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34826879

RESUMO

Sleep disorders are highly relevant in clinical practice given their prevalence as well as their impact on health outcomes and quality of life. The most common concerns are excessive daytime sleepiness, insomnia, disordered breathing, and abnormal movements or behaviors during sleep. A detailed but targeted history is vital, particularly from the sleep partner/witness. In-laboratory sleep testing (polysomnography and multiple sleep latency test) remains vital in the diagnosis of certain sleep disorders (such as sleep-disordered breathing and central hypersomnia) and in specific populations (such as in children and individuals with comorbid medical disorders). Advances in technology have allowed for a variety of methods in assessing a patient's sleep, from compact devices to evaluate for sleep apnea, wrist actigraphy, and mobile device-based applications. As the pathophysiology of various sleep disorders becomes better elucidated, disease-specific medications have been developed for these conditions. Nonetheless, a multidisciplinary approach to management is necessary, including improving sleep hygiene and cognitive behavioral therapy.

17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(22)2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34829976

RESUMO

This study elaborates inter-kingdom signaling mechanisms, presenting a sustainable and eco-friendly approach to combat biotic as well as abiotic stress in wheat. Fusarium graminearum is a devastating pathogen causing head and seedling blight in wheat, leading to huge yield and economic losses. Psychrophilic Bacillus atrophaeus strain TS1 was found as a potential biocontrol agent for suppression of F. graminearum under low temperature by carrying out extensive biochemical and molecular studies in comparison with a temperate biocontrol model strain Bacillus amyloliquefaciens FZB42 at 15 and 25 °C. TS1 was able to produce hydrolytic extracellular enzymes as well as antimicrobial lipopeptides, i.e., surfactin, bacillomycin, and fengycin, efficiently at low temperatures. The Bacillus strain-induced oxidative cellular damage, ultrastructural deformities, and novel genetic dysregulations in the fungal pathogen as the bacterial treatment at low temperature were able to downregulate the expression of newly predicted novel fungal genes potentially belonging to necrosis inducing protein families (fgHCE and fgNPP1). The wheat pot experiments conducted at 15 and 25 °C revealed the potential of TS1 to elicit sudden induction of plant defense, namely, H2O2 and callose enhanced activity of plant defense-related enzymes and induced over-expression of defense-related genes which accumulatively lead to the suppression of F. graminearum and decreased diseased leaf area.

18.
Microb Biotechnol ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788498

RESUMO

The potato virus Y (PVY) is a plant virus that causes massive crop losses globally, especially in Solanaceae crops. A strain of the plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium (PGPR), Serratia marcescens-S3 was found to inhibit PVY replication in Nicotiana benthamiana. However, there have been no in-depth studies demonstrating the underlying mechanism. In the current study, we found that ubiquitination of NbHsc70-2 is an important way for Serratia marcescens-S3 to trigger induced systemic resistance (ISR). After the treatment with S. marcescens-S3, the protein level of NbHsc70-2 reduced significantly. Inhibiting of ubiquitination increased the accumulation of NbHsc70-2 in plants and reduced S. marcescens-S3-mediated resistance to PVY. Furthermore, transgenic engineered Nicotiana benthamiana NbHsc70-2KO and NbHsc70-2USM were constructed using CRISPR-Cas9-mediated NbHsc70-2 knock-out and ubiquitination respectively. S. marcescens-S3 significantly reduced the inhibition of NbHsc70-2 protein accumulation in NbHsc70-2KO and NbHsc70-2USM . The virulence of PVY was stronger in NbHsc70-2USM than the wild-type plants. These results showed that S. marcescens-S3 increases the ubiquitination of NbHsc70-2 to inhibit the recruitment of molecular chaperone NbHsc70-2 to reduce its replication and infection of PVY.

19.
Pediatrics ; 148(6)2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34841433

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In some studies, parents and toddlers verbalize less when engaging with a tablet versus a print book. More needs to be known regarding child contributions to specific parent verbalizations. We examined parent-toddler contingent interactions with tablet applications versus print books, as well as moderators of these associations. METHODS: We conducted a laboratory-based, within-subjects counterbalanced study of 72 parent-toddler dyads engaging with a nursery rhyme application (with enhanced + autonarration [E+A] and enhanced formats) and print book. We coded parent verbalizations (eg, dialogic, nondialogic) and proportions of child responses to these in 5-second epochs. Poisson regressions were used to analyze within-subjects variance by tablet or print format. We tested effect modification by child emotion regulation and home media practices. RESULTS: Children responded more to parent overall (print 0.38; E+A 0.31, P = .04; enhanced 0.11, P = .01), dialogic (print 0.21; E+A 0.13, P = .04; enhanced 0.1, P = .02), and nondialogic (print 0.45; E+A 0.27, P < .001; enhanced 0.32, P < .001) verbalizations during print book versus tablet. Stronger child emotion regulation, greater frequency of co-viewing, and instructive practices moderated associations such that differences between conditions were no longer significant for some parent verbalizations and child responses. CONCLUSIONS: Parent-toddler reciprocal verbal interactions occurred less frequently with tablet versus print book use. Child emotion regulation and parent home media practices moderated some of these associations. Pediatricians may wish to promote co-viewing and instructive media practices but may also consider that child emotion regulation may determine response to interactive tablet design.

20.
Med Mycol ; 60(1)2021 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791431

RESUMO

Immunophenotyping of inflammatory dermal infiltrates in Malassezia folliculitis (MF) and pityriasis versicolor (PV) lesions is less reported. Immunohistochemistry was performed on 21 MF lesions, 10 PV lesions, and 10 control skin. CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD20+, CD68+, and CD117+ cells were increased in MF compared with PV and normal skin (P < 0.01-0.05), while CD3+, CD4+, and CD20+ cells were higher in PV than in normal skin (P < 0.05). Dermal CD1a+ cells were higher only in PV (P < 0.05). Although both cellular and humoral immune responses are involved in pathogenesis of MF and PV, their difference may contribute to clinicopathological discrepancy between two disorders. LAY SUMMARY: Malassezia folliculitis and pityriasis versicolor are common Malassezia-induced superficial mycoses. Their clinicopathological discrepancy may be due to the difference of cellular and humoral immune responses.

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