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1.
PLoS One ; 17(5): e0267747, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35544482

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Generalized regression neural network (GRNN) and logistic regression (LR) are extensively used in the medical field; however, the better model for predicting stroke outcome has not been established. The primary goal of this study was to compare the accuracies of GRNN and LR models to identify the most optimal model for the prediction of acute stroke outcome, as well as explore useful biomarkers for predicting the prognosis of acute stroke patients. METHOD: In a single-center study, 216 (80% for the training set and 20% for the test set) acute stroke patients admitted to the Shenzhen Second People's Hospital between December 2019 to June 2021 were retrospectively recruited. The functional outcomes of the patients were measured using Barthel Index (BI) on discharge. A training set was used to optimize the GRNN and LR models. The test set was utilized to validate and compare the performances of GRNN and LR in predicting acute stroke outcome based on the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC), accuracy, sensitivity, and the Kappa value. RESULT: The LR analysis showed that age, the National Institute Health Stroke Scale score, BI index, hemoglobin, and albumin were independently associated with stroke outcome. After validating in test set using these variables, we found that the GRNN model showed a better performance based on AUROC (0.931 vs 0.702), sensitivity (0.933 vs 0.700), specificity (0.889 vs 0.722), accuracy (0.896 vs 0.729), and the Kappa value (0.775 vs 0.416) than the LR model. CONCLUSION: Overall, the GRNN model demonstrated superior performance to the LR model in predicting the prognosis of acute stroke patients. In addition to its advantage in not affected by implicit interactions and complex relationship in the data. Thus, we suggested that GRNN could be served as the optimal statistical model for acute stroke outcome prediction. Simultaneously, prospective validation based on more variables of the GRNN model for the prediction is required in future studies.

2.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 28(5): 1039-1042, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35447054

RESUMO

During October 2020, we identified 13 highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N8) clade 2.3.4.4b viruses from wild ducks in Ningxia, China. These viruses were genetically related to H5N8 viruses circulating mainly in poultry in Europe during early 2020. We also determined movements of H5N8 virus‒infected wild ducks and evidence for spreading of viruses.


Assuntos
Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H5N8 , Influenza Aviária , Influenza Humana , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Animais , Animais Selvagens , Aves , Patos , Humanos , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H5N8/genética , Influenza Aviária/epidemiologia , Filogenia
3.
Opt Express ; 30(7): 10758-10769, 2022 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35473035

RESUMO

In recent years, singular optical beams, including optical vortex (OV) beams with phase singularities and cylindrical vector beams (CVBs) with polarization singularities, have brought new degrees of freedom for many applications. Although there have been various microscale devices for OV detection, the detection of CVBs with a microscale device is still a challenge. Here, we propose a new method for detection of CVBs with a designed on-chip plasmonic spin-Hall metalens structure. The focal position of the metalens and the splitting effect of at focus are studied in both an analytical model and numerical simulation. The results demonstrate that the metalens can not only detect different polarization orders of incident CVBs but also have an ability to distinguish radial, azimuthal and other vectorial polarization states under the same order of CVBs. This method has potential applications in compact integrated optical communication and processing systems.

4.
Microorganisms ; 10(4)2022 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35456850

RESUMO

The New Delhi metallo-ß-lactamase (NDM) is a major element for the rapid expansion of the carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales, which poses a great challenge to public health security. NDM-producing Enterobacterales strains (50 Escherichia coli, 40 Klebsiella pneumoniae, and 5 Enterobacter cloacae) were isolated from laying hens in China for the surveillance of antibiotic-resistant pathogens, and all were found to be multi-drug resistant bacteria. The genomic analysis of these NDM-positive bacteria revealed the ST167, ST617, and ST410 of the fifteen ST-type E. coli clones and ST37 of the four ST-type K. pneumoniae clones to be the same types as the human-derived strains. Among them, some new clone types were also found. Most of the blaNDM genes (blaNDM-1 or blaNDM-5) were on the IncX3 plasmids (n = 80) and were distributed in E. coli, K. pneumoniae, and E. cloacae, while the remaining blaNDM-5 genes were harbored in the E. coli ST167 with IncFII plasmids (n = 15). The typeⅠ1 of the eight IncX3 plasmid subtypes was consistent with the human-derived pNDM5_020001 plasmid (accession no. CP032424). In addition, these two plasmids did not affect the growth of the host bacteria and could be reproduced stably without antibiotics. Our study revealed the high genetic propensity of the NDM-positive Enterobacterales from the laying hens and human commensal Enterobacterales, suggesting the potentially enormous risk of its transmission to humans.

5.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0064322, 2022 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35446151

RESUMO

H5N8 and H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (AIVs) of clade 2.3.4.4b were isolated from dead migratory birds and fecal samples collected in Tibet, China, in May 2021. Phylogenetic analyses showed that the viruses isolated in this study may have spread from wintering or stopover grounds of migratory birds in South Asia. We monitored two disparate clade 2.3.4.4b H5Nx viruses in migratory birds in Tibet during their breeding season. The data revealed that breeding grounds may exhibit a potential pooling effect among avian influenza viruses in different migratory populations. IMPORTANCE In this study, 15 H5N8 and two H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses of clade 2.3.4.4b were isolated from dead migratory birds and fecal samples in Tibet, China. Isolates of H5N1 virus of clade 2.3.4.4b have been rarely reported in China. Our findings highlight that breeding grounds may exhibit a potential pooling effect among avian influenza viruses (AIVs) in different migratory populations. In addition to intensification of the surveillance of AIVs in migratory birds in Tibet, China, international cooperation should be strengthened.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35415790

RESUMO

The present study examined the association between interparental conflict and adolescent depression, and explored the moderating role of school connectedness in this association, in a Chinese context. Data were analyzed from 867 Chinese adolescents who completed the survey at 2 time points. Cross-lagged analyses indicated that interparental conflict in 7th grade adolescents significantly predicted depression in 8th grade, but adolescent depression in 7th grade was not a significant predictor of interparental conflict in 8th grade. In addition, there was a significant negative moderating effect of school connectedness, as high levels of school connectedness reduced the negative effect of interparental conflict on adolescent depression. Thus, the association between interparental conflict and adolescent depression has a unidirectional prediction. School connectedness can relieve the adverse effects of interparental conflict on adolescent depression.

8.
J Healthc Eng ; 2022: 4891889, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35251568

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to illustrate the biofunctions of miRNA-186-5p level in breast cancer (BCa) and to explore the underlying mechanisms. Levels of miRNA-186-5p in BCa tissues and adjacent normal ones were determined. Association of miRNA-186-5p with pathological parameters and prognosis in BCa patients was analyzed. Luciferase assay was conducted for the prediction of the interaction between miRNA-186-5p and CXCL13. Their mutual interaction in influencing the proliferative potential of BCa was finally explored. Results showed that miRNA-186-5p expression was downregulated in BCa cell lines and tissues. MiRNA-186-5p overexpression could attenuate proliferative ability in BCa cells. A direct and negative correlation was identified between miRNA-186-5p and CXCL13. In addition, their mutual interaction was coresponsible for the malignant development of BCa. In BCa patients, miRNA-186-5p level was remarkably associated with tumor size and tumor staging, rather than other pathological parameters. Low level of miRNA-186-5p predicted a poor prognosis in BCa. Downregulated miRNA-186-5p in BCa is linked to tumor size, tumor staging, and prognosis. miRNA-186-5p downregulates CXCL13 by binding CXCL13 3'UTR in BCa cells. Overexpression of CXCL13 can significantly neutralize the inhibitory effects of miRNA-186-5p on BCa proliferation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Quimiocina CXCL13 , Feminino , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Prognóstico
9.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 842721, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35300481

RESUMO

In recent years, the emerging highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) A(H5N8) virus has been reported with features of widely spread, an expanding host range, and cross-species transmission, attracting wide attention. The domestic duck plays a major role in the epidemiological cycle of the HPAI H5N8 virus, but little is known concerning innate immune responses during influenza infection in duck species. In this study, we used two wild-bird-origin viruses, H5N8 and H4N6, to conduct duck infection experiments, and detect the load of the two viruses, and retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) and interferon ß (IFN-ß) in the host's natural immune response. Through comparison, it is found that the expression levels of RIG-I and IFN-ß are both fluctuating. The innate immunity starts rapidly within 6 h after infection and is inhibited by the virus to varying degrees. The expression of RIG-I and IFN-ß decreased on 1-2 days post-infection (dpi). The HPAI H5N8 virus has a stronger inhibitory effect on RIG-I than the low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) H4N6 virus and is the strongest in the lungs. After infection with HPAI H5N8 virus, 2 dpi, viral RNA replicates in large amounts in the lungs. It has been proven that RIG-I and IFN-ß play an important role in the innate immune response of ducks to HPAI H5N8 virus infection, especially in the lungs. The main battlefield of RIG-I and IFN-ß after infection with the LPAI H4N6 virus is in the rectum. Both viruses have been effectively controlled after 7 dpi. These results will help to understand the transmission mechanisms of avian influenza virus in wild ducks and help effectively prevent and control avian influenza.

10.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 17: 1015-1030, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35299865

RESUMO

Introduction: Bone delay union is mostly caused by lack of blood supply. Although autografts, allografts and artificial bone have been widely used to treat bone delay union, the bone regeneration fails in the ischemic site accompanied by the bone donor site complications and disease transmission. Recently, there is a growing recognition of the importance of hydrogel scaffolds which are regarded as an eligible engineer tissue for bone repair. However, hydrogel is still limited in improving neovascularization. Methods: In this work, black phosphorus nanosheet and deferoxamine (BPN-DFO) were loaded in the gelatin hydrogel to overcome the high risk of bone delay union and systemically investigated the regeneration capability of BPN-DFO hydrogel in vitro and vivo. Results: The resulting BPN-DFO hydrogel scaffold showed superior swollen, degradation and release rate, as well as satisfied biocompatibility. BPN-DFO hydrogel shown the significant up-expression of mRNA related to bone regeneration and cell proliferation. In vivo, the proposed BPN-DFO hydrogel significantly improved osteogenesis and neovascularization in the ischemic tibial bone site of SD rats with acute femoral artery occlusion. Both macroscopic and histological evaluation of new regenerated bone showed newly formed blood vessel and collagen using BPN-DFO hydrogel. The immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR revealed that the bone regeneration could be improved via BMP/Runx2 pathway. Conclusion: The BPN-DFO hydrogel possesses potential tissue engineer material for ischemic bone defect treatment. However, furthermore studies are needed to testify the safety and efficacy of BPN-DFO hydrogel.


Assuntos
Regeneração Óssea , Consolidação da Fratura , Isquemia , Nanoestruturas , Tíbia , Tecidos Suporte , Animais , Desferroxamina/química , Desferroxamina/uso terapêutico , Gelatina/química , Gelatina/uso terapêutico , Hidrogéis/química , Hidrogéis/uso terapêutico , Isquemia/terapia , Nanoestruturas/química , Nanoestruturas/uso terapêutico , Fósforo/química , Fósforo/uso terapêutico , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Tíbia/irrigação sanguínea , Tíbia/lesões , Engenharia Tecidual
11.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 234: 113359, 2022 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35272190

RESUMO

The freely dissolved concentrations (FDCs) of pollutants are related to their bioavailability in the environment, and the diffusive gradients in thin films technique (DGT) can obtain the FDC of an analyte. Aiming for the detection of the FDCs of tetracyclines (TCs), we used a polyacrylamide hydrogel comprising acrylamide and acrylaide agarose cross-linker as diffusive and binding gels, and a commercial solid-phase extraction (SPE) packing, namely polymer sorbent (PLS), as an adsorption material in the binding gel for the preparation of the organic-diffusive gradients in thin films (o-DGT) devices. The results showed that the diffusion coefficients of tetracycline (TC), oxytetracycline (OTC) and chlortetracycline (CTC) in the diffusive gels were 1.08 × 10-6, 1.08 × 10-6 and 1.03 × 10-6 cm2/ s at 25 °C, respectively. The binding gel showed excellent performance with adsorption capacities of 534.88-569.42 µg/disc for TC, 527.18-565.98 µg/disc for OTC and 1320.12-1320.86 µg/disc for CTC, respectively. The uptake efficiencies were 94.21-111.12, 71.25-88.44 and 76.10-86.62% for TC, OTC and CTC, respectively, with the TCs concentration of 0.05-10 mg/L. The adsorption kinetics of TCs could be described with a pseudo-second-order model (POSM, R2 >0.97). According to the result of adsorption kinetics, the adsorption rate of TCs in the binding gel was not as fast as that of heavy metals, suggesting that the TCs concentrations at the boundary of binding gels in the o-DGT devices could not decrease to zero. After correction of the boundary concentration, the FDCs accounted for 30.30-56.90, 48.10-64.68 and 16.55-50.16% for TC, OTC and CTC, respectively, while their concentrations ranged from 0.2 to 10.0 mg/L. Our results suggested that SPE packing might be an ideal adsorption material for o-DGT binding gels, and that adsorption kinetics should be corrected when calculating the FDCs of organic pollutants.

12.
ISA Trans ; 2022 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35277265

RESUMO

This paper is concerned with the cross-dimensional formation control of a second-order multi-dimensional heterogeneous multi-agent system. Agents are first separated into several groups according to their position/velocity vector dimensions. Then the cross-dimensional formation control problem is formulated such that agents in the same group form a time-varying formation in their own dimension and agents in different groups cooperatively move in multiple dimensions. This can make follower agents in different dimensions cooperatively track a leader. Moreover, a cross-dimensional formation protocol is designed based on full or partial information of neighboring agents. For higher-dimensional agents, full information of lower-dimensional neighbors is adopted. For lower-dimensional ones, only partial information of higher-dimensional neighbors is used. Furthermore, a necessary and sufficient condition for the second-order heterogeneous multi-agent system to achieve cross-dimensional formation is provided. Accordingly, a criterion for designing cross-dimensional formation protocol is further derived. Finally, under an undirected graph, a lower-dimensional protocol design criterion is obtained if there is no data exchange between lower- and higher-dimensional followers. The effectiveness of the obtained results is demonstrated through cross-dimensional target enclosing performance analysis for multiple robots and quadrotors.

14.
J Transl Med ; 20(1): 59, 2022 01 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35101070

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study discusses the effects of focus training on heart rate variability (HRV) in post-stroke fatigue (PoSF) patients. METHODS: Self-generate physiological coherence system (SPCS) was used for the focus training of PoSF patients for 12 weeks. Then, fatigue severity scale (FSS), Hamilton depression scale (HAMD), HRV and satisfaction scale (SASC-19) before and after the training were assessed. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, FSS score, HAMD score, RMSSD, PNN50% were significantly lower in the research group at the end of the intervention (P < 0.05); SDNN, SDANN, LF, HF, LF/HF intervention satisfaction rate increased significantly in the research group at the end of the intervention (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The use of SPCS software during the focus training of PoSF patients reduced the fatigue and depression, meanwhile improved the HRV of the patients. Therefore, these patients were greatly satisfied with the intervention.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Autônomo , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Fadiga/etiologia , Fadiga/terapia , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações
15.
Front Neurol ; 13: 710852, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35222236

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The modified Rankin Scale (mRS) and Barthel Index (BI) are widely used to measure functional outcomes worldwide. The Longshi Scale (LS), a novel pictorial-based instrument, was designed to improve the simplicity and convenience of measuring functional outcomes in the Chinese context. However, the disagreements in functional outcomes assessed by the mRS, BI, and LS are misleading, particularly in stroke patients. This study aimed to identify the optimal cutoff scores of LS and BI according to the mRS in Chinese stroke patients with different levels of functional disability. METHODS: The mRS, BI, and LS were applied to evaluate functional independence and disability in 7364 stroke patients in a multi-center cross-sectional study. Stroke patients were categorized into bedridden, domestic, and community groups in advance using the LS, indicating severe, moderate, and mild functional disability, respectively. The optimal cut-off scores of the LS and BI according to the mRS were identified via sensitivity, specificity, and Youden's index and stratified by different levels of functional disability determined by LS. We also plotted the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves of sensitivity and specificity and determined the area under the curve (AUC). RESULTS: In the bedridden group, LS and BI cutoff scores with the highest Youden's index were 5 and 10 for mRS 4, and the AUCs for the ROC curve were 0.848 and 0.863 for mRS 4. In the domestic group, LS and BI cutoff scores with the highest Youden's index were 5 and 65 for mRS 3, and the AUCs for the ROC curve were 0.796 and 0.826 for mRS 3. In the community group, LS cutoff scores with the highest sum of sensitivity and specificity were 9, 9, and 8 for mRS grades 0, 1, and 2, respectively, while the BI cutoff scores with the highest sum of sensitivity and specificity were 100, 100, and 95, respectively, while the AUCs for the ROC curve were 0.697 and 0.735 for mRS 2, 0.694 and 0.716 for mRS 1, and 0.628, and 0.660 for mRS 0. CONCLUSIONS: The mRS is more precise to determine mild functional disability, whereas BI can provide more specific information on moderate and severe levels in stroke patients. Although LS was a less precise was to determine moderate and severe levels than BI, it is much simpler and more convenient to be applied to a large-scale population.

16.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 2022 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35152562

RESUMO

Our study investigated the prevalence of feline herpesvirus-1 (FHV-1), feline calicivirus (FCV), feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), and feline leukemia virus (FeLV) in captive Siberian tigers in Northeastern China. A total of 324 blood samples and 33 nasopharyngeal swab samples of Siberian tigers collected from 2019 to 2021 in three cities were investigated by nested PCR. The results showed that 28.1% (91/324) tigers were infected with at least one virus; the positive rates of FHV-1, FCV, and FIV were 17.3%, 13.6%, and 0.9%, respectively; and the coinfection prevalence was 13.2%. No FeLV-positive sample was detected. And we found that the blood is the best for FCV, FIV, and FeLV detection, but nasopharyngeal swabs for FHV-1. By comparing the gD genes, TK gene, and gI gene of FHV-1, the homology of the three FHV-1 positive strains in this study was found to be 91.5%-99.9% shared with tigers and domestic cats. Based on a comparison of the nucleic acid sequences of 13 FCV strains, we found that the homology of strain HB-1926 with the other strains in this study was only about 77.7%, but shared 99.3% and 98.6% homology with Urnaba strain in American cat and TG1 strain in Chinese tiger, respectively. However, the other 12 FCV strains shared 87.1%-87.5% homology compared with the Chinese domestic cats. Phylogenetic tree analysis showed that the HB-1926 strain was not in the same clade as other strains. The fragments gag-p26, pol-RT, and pol-RNAse of Siberian tiger FIV shared more than 99% homology than domestic cats FIV subtype A. This study demonstrated that captive Siberian tigers in Northeastern China were exposed to FHV-1, FCV, and FIV, and it is necessary to develop more effective vaccines and improve daily management measures.

17.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 12(2)2022 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35200343

RESUMO

In this study, a fluorometric and colorimetric dual-readout lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) using antibody functionalized polydopamine-coated gold nanoparticles (Au@PDAs) as a probe was developed for the detection of carbendazim (CBD). Colloidal gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were coated with polydopamines (PDA) by the oxidation of dopamine to synthesize Au@PDA nanoparticles. The Au@PDA nanoparticles mediated ZnCdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs) fluorescence quenching and recovery, resulting in a reverse fluorescence enhancement detection format of CBD. The CBD detection was obtained by the competition between the CBD and the immobilized antigen for Au@PDAs labelled antibody binding, resulting in a significant fluorescence increase and colorimetry decrease corresponded to the concentration of CBD. Dual readout modes were incorporated into the LFIA using the colorimetry signal under natural light and the fluorescence signal under UV light. The cut-off value in the mode of the colorimetric signal and fluorometric signal for CBD detection was 0.5 µg/mL and 0.0156 µg/mL, respectively. The sensitivity of LFIA of the fluorescence mode was 32 times higher than that of the colorimetry mode. There was negligible cross reactivity obtained by using LFIA for the determination of thiabendazole, benomyl, thiophanate-methyl, and thiophanate-ethyl. Consistent and satisfactory results have been achieved by comparing the results of Au@PDAs-QDs-LFIA and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) testing spiked cucumber and strawberry samples, indicating good reliability of the Au@PDAs-QDs-LFIA.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Pontos Quânticos , Benzimidazóis/farmacologia , Carbamatos/farmacologia , Cromatografia Líquida , Ouro/química , Imunoensaio/métodos , Indóis/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Polímeros/química , Pontos Quânticos/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
18.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 8(2)2022 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35205884

RESUMO

Heterotrimeric G-proteins are crucial for fungal growth and differentiation. The α subunits of heterotrimeric G-proteins play an essential role in controlling signal transduction. However, the function of G-protein α subunits in entomopathogenic fungi remains poorly understood. Two group II Gα subunits (MrGPA2 and MrGPA4) were characterized in the entomopathogenic fungus, Metarhizium robertsii. Bioinformatics analysis showed that the relationship between MrGPA2 and MrGPA4 was closer than that of other MrGPAs. Both green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged MrGPA2 and MrGPA4 were localized at the cytoplasm. Furthermore, ∆MrGpa2∆MrGpa4 double mutants showed remarkably reduced vegetative growth compared to the wild-type and single-mutant strains, which was accompanied by the downregulation of several growth-related genes, such as ssk2, pbs2, stuA, hog1, and ac. Only the ∆MrGpa2∆MrGpa4 double mutant was sensitive to Congo red stress. The insect bioassay demonstrated significantly attenuated virulence for the ∆MrGpa2∆MrGpa4 double mutant compared to the wild-type and single-mutant strains. Further analysis indicated that double deletion of MrGpa2 and MrGpa4 had no effect on appressorium formation but suppressed the expression levels of several virulence-related genes in the insect hemocoel. These findings demonstrate that MrGpa2 and MrGpa4 exhibit functional redundancy and contribute to the vegetative growth, stress tolerance, and pest control potential in M. robertsii.

19.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 29(22): 33506-33513, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35029826

RESUMO

Ornamental hyperaccumulators are considered ideal plants for phytoremediation of cadmium (Cd)-contaminated soils because of their high accumulation capacity and minimal potential to enter the food chain. Aiming to estimate the phytoremediation efficiency and explore the influence of double harvesting, a filed study was carried out in Cd-contaminated alkaline soil using the ornamental hyperaccumulator Mirabilis jalapa L. Seeds of M. jalapa were sawn with spacing in rows of 15 cm and in lines of 20 cm on April 20th. Three treatments with different harvesting strategies were arranged: all plants were harvested once on September 10th (marked with H0), and the plants were harvested on July 20th for the first time at a height above ground of 50 cm and 30 cm (marked with H1 and H2, respectively), and then, they were harvested on September 10th for the second time. The plant samples were digested with a mixture of HNO3 and HClO4 and determined using ICP-MS. The results showed that the total biomass of the shoots increased from 505.81 ± 8.29 g/m2 in the H0 treatment to 849.72 ± 59.73 and 933.14 ± 96.12 g/m2 in the H1 and H2 treatments, respectively, while the total Cd accumulation in the shoots was 42.32 ± 4.44, 52.99 ± 7.32, and 56.30 ± 6.95 g/ha in the H0, H1, and H2 treatments, respectively. Phytoremediation efficiencies increased by at least 20% after the application of double harvesting. However, double harvesting also decreased the translocation and bioconcentration factors with a reduction of 30-55% because the Cd concentration in the shoots was low at the first harvest. Our results suggested that double harvesting is a powerful method to improve phytoremediation efficiency with low costs and minimal risk, and other technologies should be applied together to address the accumulation and translocation of Cd.

20.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 17(1): 56, 2022 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35093112

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elderly acetabular fractures are one of the more difficult types of fractures to resolve. For patients at this age, the more common type of fracture is comminuted. How to better fix this type of fracture has always been an issue of concern. This study was performed to observe the mechanical properties of different internal fixation methods used in treating elderly acetabular fracture patients. METHODS: A model of a comminuted acetabular fracture in osteoporosis was established, consisting of an anterior column-posterior hemitransverse fracture with disruption of the quadrilateral surface. Fixation of the acetabular fracture model using a reconstruction plate and Union Plates was simulated. For the different internal fixation methods, static and transient modal analyses were performed under different loads, with an action time of 0.21 s and an analysis time of 0.7 s. The stress of the model was observed in the static analysis, and the displacement of the nodes and the entire model in the U1 direction was observed in the transient modal analysis. RESULTS: In the static analysis, the stress of the osteoporosis model, the suprapectineal pelvic reconstruction plate model, the infrapectineal quadrilateral surface buttress plate model, and the suprapectineal quadrilateral surface buttress plate model were 42.62 MPa, 37.49 MPa, 44.39 MPa, and 46.15 MPa, respectively. The stress was mainly distributed near the suprapubic branch. The corresponding displacement in the U1 direction was 0.1500 mm, 0.1020 mm, 0.0836 mm, and 0.0990 mm, respectively. In the transient modal analysis, there was a significant difference in displacement between the different models (P < 0.05). When different loads were applied with the same fixation method, there was no significant difference in model displacement (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Static and transient modal analyses show that the infrapectineal quadrilateral surface buttress plate or the suprapectineal quadrilateral surface buttress plate has an advantage in maintaining the stability of fracture fragments when fixing comminuted acetabular fractures in elderly individuals. The infrapectineal quadrilateral surface buttress plate also presents better biomechanical results.


Assuntos
Acetábulo/cirurgia , Placas Ósseas , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Fraturas Cominutivas/cirurgia , Acetábulo/diagnóstico por imagem , Acetábulo/lesões , Idoso , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Parafusos Ósseos , Feminino , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Fraturas Cominutivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Osteoporose , Radiografia
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